US3787907A - Frameless water bed - Google Patents

Frameless water bed Download PDF

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Publication number
US3787907A
US3787907A US3787907DA US3787907A US 3787907 A US3787907 A US 3787907A US 3787907D A US3787907D A US 3787907DA US 3787907 A US3787907 A US 3787907A
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Prior art keywords
tube
sheets
auxiliary
combination
loop
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W Pennington
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W Pennington
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C27/00Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses or cushions specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas
    • A47C27/08Fluid mattresses or cushions
    • A47C27/081Fluid mattresses or cushions of pneumatic type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C27/00Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses or cushions specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas
    • A47C27/08Fluid mattresses or cushions
    • A47C27/085Fluid mattresses or cushions of liquid type, e.g. filled with water or gel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S5/00Beds
    • Y10S5/932Seals and sealing methods, for plastics

Abstract

A frameless water bed comprises primary plastic sheeting forming a tube extending in a loop, auxiliary plastic sheets extending across the loop interior and overlapping opposite extents of the tube for retaining it against outward deflection under the influence of water pressure exertion. The auxiliary sheets form with the tube a closed, water receiving interior hollow bounded by the tube.

Description

United States Patent n91 Pennington et al. a

[ F RAMELESS WATER BED [76] Inventors: William Pennington; William Pennington, I, both of 30200 Oceanaire Dr., Palos Verdes, Calif. 90274 22 Filed: Jam-28,1972

21 Appl. No.2 221,589

[52] US. Cl. 5/348 WB, 5/60, 128/376 [5 l] Int. Cl. A67C 27/08 [58] Field of Search 5/348-350, 348 WB,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,585,356 6/1971 Hall Q. ..5/348 WB [451 Jan. 29, 1974 3,123,117 3/1964 N0,urse.et.al. ..5/34s WB U'x 3,600,727 '8/1971 Williams..; 5/348 WB Primary Examiner-BobbyR. Gay Assistant ExaminerAndrew M. Calvert Attorney, Agent, or Firm-William W. Haefliger et a1.

57 ABSTRACT A frameless water bed comprises primary plastic sheeting fo'nninga tube' extending in a loop, auxiliary plastic sheets extending across the loop interior'and overlapping opposite extents of the tube for retaining it against outward deflection under the influence of water pressure exertion. The auxiliary sheets form with the tube a closed, water receiving interior hollow bounded by the tube. l

8 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures 7 1 FRAMELESS WATER BED BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to water beds, and more particularly concerns unusual simplifications and improvements in the construction of such beds.

Water bed systems normally incorporate a flexible hollow enclosure or bladder to receive liquid such as water, together with a relatively rigid frame (constructed of material such as wood or plastic) bounding and often supporting the bladder. Such a frame has been felt necessary in order to confine the bladder against spreading under pressure exerted by the weight of a reclining sleeper, in order to maintain a sufficient layer of water in the bladder and beneath the sleeper. While efforts have been made to eliminate need for the rigid frame, in order to reduce cost, none of such efforts have to my knowledge resulted in the unusually advantageous combinations and sub-combinations of elements, mode of operation and results afforded by the present invention, as will appear. The latter include extremely low cost and light weight construction characterized by simplicity, durability and portability.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is a major object of the invention. to provide a water bed construction eliminating need for a rigid frame, while at the same time avoiding water confinement and bladder deformation problems that normally arise in the absence of such a frame.

Basically, the improved frameless water bed com prises primary plastic sheeting defining legs that are inflatable to form a tube extending in a loop, for example which may be generally rectangular; auxiliary plastic.

sheets extending across the loop interior and overlapping opposite extents of the tube; and the auxiliary sheets carried by the tube and forming therewith a closed, water receiving interior hollow bounded by the into peripherally convexly curved'conformation over i the tube, retaining it against outward deflection under the influence of. water pressure exertion.

The simple construction of the bed is enhanced by the provision of a generally rectangular tube each of whose four legs is comprised of an elongated plastic sheet folded lengthwise, and'with adjacent sheet ends having diagonal interconnection at the corners of the rectangular tube. Further, and as will be seen, the elongated sheets in unfolded state may have V-shaped end interconnection. All the sheets as described may advantageously consist of vinyl plastic material.

These and other objects and advantages of the inven tion, as well as the details of an illustrative embodiment, will be more fully understood from the following -description and drawings, in which:

DRAWING DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 is a perspective showing of a water bed;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectiontaken on lines 2-2 of FIG. I;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged plan view taken on lines 33 of FIG. 1; v

FIG. 4 is a section taken in elevation prior to inflation of the bed;

FIG. 5 is a plan view of an unfolded corner portion of the bed tube;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the FIG. 5 corner,

partially folded;

FIG. 7 is a plan view like FIG. 5 Showing the same corner portion after nearly completed folding; and

FIG. 8 is an enlarged section taken through a fill valve.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, the bed 10 in general includes primary plastic sheeting, as for example is indicated at '11 defining a'tubeextending in a loop, which may be rectangular as shown; however, other loop shapes are possible. The bed also includes auxiliary upper and lower sheets 12 and 13 extending across the interior space bounded by the loop and overlapping opposed extents of the tube. For example, portion 12a of upper sheet 12 overlaps tubular loop extent 11a, and portion 13a of lower sheet 13 overlaps tubular loop extent lla". In similar manner, where the loop is rectangular, portions 12b 12c and 12d of the upper sheet 12 overlap loop leg extents 12b, 12c and 12d, respectively, and portions 13b 13c and 13d of the lower sheet overlap loop leg extents 12b", 12c" and 12d". Such overlapping is convexly curved, as shown, to retain or hold the legs against outward deflection in response to waterpressure exertion.

The auxiliary sheets 12 and 13 are seen in FIG. 2.to be carried by the tube 11 and to form therewith a closed, interior space or hollow 14 which receives water 15 and is bounded by the tube. After inflation to the tube, but prior to water filling into that hollow, the upper sheet may hang downwardly as indicated by the broken lines 12f.

In accordance with an important aspect of the invention, the tube may with unusual advantage be defined or formed by four elongated flat plastic sheets 116, the ends of which are V-notched as at 18 in FIG. 5, to form comers, as will now be described. Two such sheets are superimposed and heat sealed along a V-shaped band to form the end interconnection 19 as shown. Next, the

extremeties 20 of the interconnection are brought to-- nal seal connection 19, and it will be seen that the four sheets lle thereby are caused to develop four corners.

Subsequently, the previously referred to upper and lower plastic sheets 12 and 13 are applied in the flat overlay as seen in FIG. 4, and heat sealing is effected along rectangularly extending outer band 24 joining all the sheets. Also, upper and lowerheat seal bands 25 and 26 are formed as shown, band '25 being generally rectangular and spaced inwardly of seal 24 and joining sheet 12 to upper extent 114: of sheet lle, and band 26 also being generally rectangular and joining sheet 13to the lower extent 11a" of sheet Ile. Such bands may be curved at the comers as indicated at 24a, 25a and 26a, and excess outwardly lying sheet material may be stripped off about band 24, as is clear from FIG. 3. Ac-

eludes a flap 34 adapted to be downwardly deflected to position 34a when water is introduced, and to seat upwardly in closed position as shown in full lines. An attached cap 35 forcibly fits downwardly into the body, with lip interference at 36, to provide additional sealing. The cap may be elevated to position 35a, as shown.

I claim:

1. In a water bed, the combination comprising a. primary plastic sheeting defining a tube extending in a loop,

b. auxiliary upper and lower plastic sheets extending across the interior of said loop and adjacently overlapping vertically opposed extents of the tube,

0. said auxiliary sheets carried-by said tube and forming therewith a closed, water receiving interior hollow bounded by the tube, and

d. said auxiliary upper sheet also overlying said tube and bonded thereto and therealong, and said auxiliary lower sheet underlying said tube and bonded thereto and therealong.

2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said tube is formed by flat plastic sheet layers which are superimposed in horizontally extending relation, said auxiliary sheets also bonded to and along said tube proximate the outermost extent thereof furthest from said hollow.

3. The combination of claim 2 wherein said tube is rectangular and defined by four elongated plastic sheets folded along their lengths and having diagonal end interconnections at the corners of the rectangular tube.

4. The combination of claim 1 including a water fill valve connected with one of said auxiliary sheets, and an air fill valve connected with one of said tube sheets.

5. The combination of claim 2 wherein inwardly and outwardly spaced rectangular loop bonds interconnect the auxiliary upper sheet and the tube, and inwardly and outwardly spacedrectangular loop bonds interconnect the auxiliary lower sheet and the tube.

6. The combination of claim 2 wherein said sheets consist of vinyl plastic sheet material.

7. The combination of claim 1 wherein the tube is air expanded with the auxiliary upperand lower sheets extended into outwardly convexly curved conformation over the tube. I

8. The combination of claim 3 wherein said elongated sheets in unfolded state have V-shaped end interconnection. I Y

Claims (8)

1. In a water bed, the combination comprising a. primary plastic sheeting defining a tube extending in a loop, b. auxiliary upper and lower plastic sheets extending across the interior of said loop and adjacently overlapping vertically opposed extents of the tube, c. said auxiliary sheets carried by said tube and forming therewith a closed, water receiving interior hollow bounded by the tube, and d. said auxiliary upper sheet also overlying said tube and bonded thereto and therealong, and said auxiliary lower sheet underlying said tube and bonded thereto and therealong.
2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said tube is formed by flat plastic sheet layers which are superimposed in horizontally extending relation, said auxiliary sheets also bonded to and along said tube proximate the outermost extent thereof furthest from said hollow.
3. The combination of claim 2 wherein said tube is rectangular and defined by four elongated plastic sheets folded along their lengths and having diagonal end interconnections at the corners of the rectangular tube.
4. The combination of claim 1 including a water fill valve connected with one of said auxiliary sheets, and an air fill valve connected with one of said tube sheets.
5. The combination of claim 2 wherein inwardly and outwardly spaced rectangular loop bonds interconnect the auxiliary upper sheet and the tube, and inwardly and outwardly spaced rectangular loop bonds interconnect the auxiliary lower sheet and the tube.
6. The combination of claim 2 wherein said sheets consist of vinyl plastic sheet material.
7. The combination of claim 1 wherein the tube is air expanded with the auxiliary upper and lower sheets extended into outwardly convexly curved conformation over the tube.
8. The combination of claim 3 wherein said elongated sheets in unfolded state have V-shaped end interconnection.
US3787907A 1972-01-28 1972-01-28 Frameless water bed Expired - Lifetime US3787907A (en)

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US3925835A Expired - Lifetime US3925835A (en) 1972-01-28 1974-07-01 Frameless safety water bed

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3918110A (en) * 1974-05-17 1975-11-11 American Thermo Seal Inc Water beds and method of making the same
US3925835A (en) * 1972-01-28 1975-12-16 William Pennington Frameless safety water bed
US4006501A (en) * 1975-05-27 1977-02-08 Phillips Raymond M Water bed mattress
US4067077A (en) * 1975-09-25 1978-01-10 Feretto Fredrick R Circular waterbed
US4245361A (en) * 1979-10-26 1981-01-20 Robert Evanson Water bed mattress
US6505366B1 (en) * 1998-07-22 2003-01-14 Kjersti B. Lied Adjustable supporting device, intended for a premature infant in an incubator
US6857152B1 (en) * 2004-07-14 2005-02-22 Andy S. Chow Water bed structure
US20060080781A1 (en) * 2004-10-20 2006-04-20 Yu Zheng Inflatable liquid furniture

Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4079473A (en) * 1975-10-17 1978-03-21 Phillips Raymond M Water bed mattress having a fluid support member
US4055867A (en) * 1975-05-27 1977-11-01 Phillips Raymond M Mattress having an internal fluid containing chamber
US4349926A (en) * 1976-08-11 1982-09-21 Liberty Vinyl Corporation Waterbed mattress with inflatable margins
US4064579A (en) * 1976-08-11 1977-12-27 Liberty Vinyl Corporation Waterbed mattress with inflatable margins
US4068335A (en) * 1976-09-17 1978-01-17 Phillips Raymond M Mattress having an upper internal material-containing chamber
US4115886A (en) * 1976-12-23 1978-09-26 Craig Salvatore Miller Fluid mattress with squared gusset panel construction
US4150447A (en) * 1977-05-27 1979-04-24 Miller Curtis G Mattress construction
US4470164A (en) * 1981-11-23 1984-09-11 Soderstrom Keith A Cap for the fill spout of a water bed
US4541135A (en) * 1984-04-16 1985-09-17 Victor Karpov Air mattress
US4615060A (en) * 1985-05-03 1986-10-07 Santo Phillip J Corner chambers for a floatation sleep system
US4611357A (en) * 1985-06-24 1986-09-16 Chelin Steven C Flotation sleeping mattress constructions
US5096529A (en) * 1989-04-24 1992-03-17 Baker Robert A Adjustable seat assembly bladder sealing method
US5535463A (en) * 1995-03-01 1996-07-16 Chiu; K. Jung Water bed with peripheral air tube
CN201097864Y (en) * 2007-11-07 2008-08-13 宋荣治;严宗平 Inflating bed

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3123117A (en) * 1964-03-03 Modified cylindrical free drop container
US3585356A (en) * 1970-04-10 1971-06-15 Innerspace Environments Inc Liquid support for human bodies
US3600727A (en) * 1969-03-17 1971-08-24 Harry Albert Williams Pressure-controlled cushion structure

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3742531A (en) * 1971-05-17 1973-07-03 Marjory Alsbury Water bed
US3766579A (en) * 1971-06-21 1973-10-23 E Shields Water bed
US3787907A (en) * 1972-01-28 1974-01-29 W Pennington Frameless water bed

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3123117A (en) * 1964-03-03 Modified cylindrical free drop container
US3600727A (en) * 1969-03-17 1971-08-24 Harry Albert Williams Pressure-controlled cushion structure
US3585356A (en) * 1970-04-10 1971-06-15 Innerspace Environments Inc Liquid support for human bodies

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3925835A (en) * 1972-01-28 1975-12-16 William Pennington Frameless safety water bed
US3918110A (en) * 1974-05-17 1975-11-11 American Thermo Seal Inc Water beds and method of making the same
US4012269A (en) * 1974-05-17 1977-03-15 American Thermo-Seal, Inc. Method of making a water bed
US4006501A (en) * 1975-05-27 1977-02-08 Phillips Raymond M Water bed mattress
US4078960A (en) * 1975-05-27 1978-03-14 Phillips Raymond M Water bed mattress
US4101995A (en) * 1975-05-27 1978-07-25 Phillips Raymond M Water bed mattress
US4067077A (en) * 1975-09-25 1978-01-10 Feretto Fredrick R Circular waterbed
US4245361A (en) * 1979-10-26 1981-01-20 Robert Evanson Water bed mattress
US6505366B1 (en) * 1998-07-22 2003-01-14 Kjersti B. Lied Adjustable supporting device, intended for a premature infant in an incubator
US6857152B1 (en) * 2004-07-14 2005-02-22 Andy S. Chow Water bed structure
US20060080781A1 (en) * 2004-10-20 2006-04-20 Yu Zheng Inflatable liquid furniture
US7069609B2 (en) * 2004-10-20 2006-07-04 Patent Category Corp. Inflatable liquid furniture
US20060225218A1 (en) * 2004-10-20 2006-10-12 Patent Category Corp. Inflatable liquid furniture
US7506389B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2009-03-24 Patent Category Corp. Inflatable liquid furniture

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