US3786558A - Method of making a hollow electrical contact - Google Patents

Method of making a hollow electrical contact Download PDF

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US3786558A
US3786558A US3786558DA US3786558A US 3786558 A US3786558 A US 3786558A US 3786558D A US3786558D A US 3786558DA US 3786558 A US3786558 A US 3786558A
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inch
tubular body
elongated
metal
slots
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L Mccarthy
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L Mccarthy
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00-H01R33/00
    • H01R13/02Contact members
    • H01R13/04Pins or blades for co-operation with sockets
    • H01R13/05Resilient pins or blades
    • H01R13/052Resilient pins or blades co-operating with sockets having a circular transverse section
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H9/00Machining specially adapted for treating particular metal objects or for obtaining special effects or results on metal objects
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/49117Conductor or circuit manufacturing
    • Y10T29/49204Contact or terminal manufacturing

Abstract

A releasable, hollow electrical connector formed from an elongated hollow body of resilient and flexible metal, an elongated section of which is provided with a plurality of elongated slots having width of less than .010 inch, which slots are formed by spark erosion of the metal.

Description

United States Patent 191 [11] 3,786,558 McCarthy 5] Jan. 22, 1974 METHOD OF MAKING A HOLLOW 2,427,176 9/1947 Aldeen 29/630 A ELECTRICAL CONTACT 2,036,759 4/1936 Kleinmann 2,563,761 8/1951 Uline [76] Inventor: ham- J. hg ccal'tltldbd Ff 3,558,842 1/1971 Livshits et a1 2l9/69 R g f a OTHER PUBLICATIONS Electro Spark, Maching of Metals, Vol. 2, Ed. byg. R [22] Flled' 1971 Lazarenko, Consultants, Bureau, 1964. [21] Appl. Not: 199,383 4 Primary Examiner-Marvin A. Champion i Apphcanon Dam Assistant Examiner-William F. Pate, ll] [63] Contmuation-m-part of Ser. No. 52,546, July 6, Attorney, Agent, or Firm warren F Schmieding 1970, abandoned.

52 US. 01 29/630 A, 29/630 R, 339/252 P [57] ABSTRACT [51] Int. Cl H01r 11/00 A releasable, hollow electrical connector formed from [58] Field of Search 339/252, 256; 219/69; n l nga hollow o y of resilient an flexible 29/630 A, 630 C,63O D metal, an elongated section of which is provided with a plurality of elongated slots having width of less than [56] References Cited .010 inch, which slots are formed by spark erosion of UNITED STATES PATENTS the metal- 1,67l,540 5/ 1928 Monteil 29/630 A 3 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PAIENIEB WM I 7 3,786,558

Fl G. 3 INVENTOR. LAURIS J. MCCARTHY Emma;

ATTORNEY.

. I v METHOD or MAKING A HOLLOW ELECTRICAL CONTACT CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION The present application is a continuation-.in-part of my earlier application, Ser. No. 52,546 filed July 6, 1970, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention.

The invention is directed to electrical connectors of the type taht are formed fromv elongated hollow metal bodies of such diameter as having capillary characteristic.

2. Description of the Prior Art The prior art isrepresented by a connector suchas that disclosed in the U.S. Pat. to Phillips No. 3,255,430 issued June 7, 1966. That connector requires a core wire and a plurality of encircling spirally wound wires. That connector requires specially constructed and complicated machinery for manufacturing the same. Other prior art known to applicant comprises the patents cited in the aforesaid application, Ser. No. 52,546. None of these patents show a conductor having slits having a width of approximately 0.004 inch. Although solutions to the problem of forming pin con-. nectors and sockets therefor have repeatedly sought,

those skilled in the art produced only the complicatedand relatively thick structure shown in the Phillips patent because the minimum width of slots that could be cut by known machinery was 0.010 inch.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The connectorsof the present invention are formed from elongated hollow bodies having small diameter which is generally referred to in the art as having capillary characteristic. The body includes an elongated section that is different in cross sectional width than another section of the body, and this elongated section is provided with elongated slots whereby the material between the slots forms a plurality of elongated, flexible and resilient contact portions. Theslots are formed by' theprocess of spark erosion of metal.

Otherfeatures and the advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawing wherein I preferred embodiments of the invention are'illustrated.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a side view of one form of the invention;

' FIGS. 2 and 3 are'sectional views taken along lines 2-2, and 3-3, respectively of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 1 but showing another form of the invention;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 4; and

FIG. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view of another embodiment of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The connector shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 is formed of drawn resilient and flexible metal, such as beryllium copper. to provide an elongated hollow body .10. One end section 12 is in the form of a ferrule for receiving I a wire (not shown). An intermediate portion 14 of the ferrule section is further crimped after the wire is in position, the crimping being for fixing the wire to the body.

The opposite end section 16 of the hollow body 10 is provided with a plurality of elongated slots 18 to thereby provide a plurality of elongated, flexible and resilient contact portions 22, 24, 26, 28, 30 and 32. The

contact portions are bent whereby the distances between them vary along the length thereof. When in the form of a pin type contact, as herein shown in FIGs. 1, 2' and 3 for illustrative purpose, the contact portions are bulged outwardly so as to resiliently engage a socket type connector having a cross sectional width which is narrower than the width of section 16 when the contact portion is in the bulged state.

The portion 34 between the ferrule section 12 and the contact section 16 forms a shoulder for limiting the movement of the body relative to the socket which receives section 16. As viewed in FIGS. 1 and 3, the left end of section16 is in the form of a nose 36 which extends to the right and merges with the left ends of contact portions 22, 24, 26, 28, 30 and 32. The nose 36 is smaller diameter than the diameter of the major diameter of the bulge provided by those contact portions. Thus the nose provides a lead portion for entry of the connector into a socket type connector.

In the embodiments shown in FIGS. 1, 2, and 3, the section 16 is shown as a circle, while in FIGS. 4 and 5, a similar section 16a is shown as being elliptic, forming similar contact portions 22a, 24a, 26a, 28a, 30a and 32a.

The scale as shown herein is approximately 20 to 1, that is, the overall length of the body is approximately 0.298 inch. Since the circumferential length of section .16 is extremely small, many attempts to form elongated slots by various types of cutting machinery were unsuccessful. I have discovered that these slots 18, having a width of 0.004 inch, can be made by what is known in the trade as spark erosion of metal process. This processis described in an article entitled Electrical Discharge Machine for Precision Spart Erosion of Metals in the January 1965 pamphlet by Western Electric Company, Inc., Vol IX, No. l, the title of which is The Western Electric ENGINEER, such article being incorporated, by reference, in this present application. This process is described also in Letters U.S. Pat. to Griffith flexible metal, one end section 42 of which is in the form of a ferrule for receiving a wire (not shown). An intermediate portion 44 of the ferrule section is further crimped after the wire is in position, the crimping being for the purpose of fixing the wire to the body.

The opposite end section 46 is in the form of a socket, it being open as at 47 at the left end of the section for receiving a pin type connector, as for example like that shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, or a connector which is not resilient and flexible. A plurality of elongated slots 48 are formed in the section intermediate the open end 47 and the left end of ferrule section 42. These slots provide a plurality of elongated, flexible and resilient contact portions. For illustrative purpose,

four of these contacts are provided, three of which are shown at 50, 52 and 53. The contacts are bowed inwardly and are flexed outwardly when a pin type connector is inserted. Thus intimate contacts are present between the contacts of the socket and a pin type contact.

As in FIGS. 1 to 5 inclusive, the scale of FIG. 6 is approximately 20 to l. The slots 48 are formed in the same process as explained with respect to slots in the embodiments shown in the other embodiment. Each slot 18 and 48 has a width of approximately .004 inch.

S pecifically, in manufacturing a pin-type conductor, a disc of metal is selected for the desired electrical conductivity and having a thickness of 0.010 to 0.012 inch. This disc is introduced into dies and punches to progressively extrude the disc into a tubular body having a closed end. The closed nose 36 of the body has a spherical radius and the metal wall thickness is between 0.003 and 0.004 inch. The outer diameter is increased, preferably in steps, from the left end of the nose to an outside diameter of between 0.035 to 0.037 inch and the wall thickness is decreased to between 0.0025 and 0.003 inch. The outer diameter is then decreased, preferably in steps, to the right end of section 16, at which end the thickness of the metal is between 0.002 and 0.0025 inch. Thus the section 16 is bulged.

Some metals selected are work-hardened during the,

extrusion thereof and when slotted as herein shown, the portions between the slots are resilient and flexible. However, if the selected metal is not rendered resilient and flexible during the extrusion thereof, it must be heat treated to harden the same so that when the tube is slotted, the material will form a resilient and flexible contact. Any attempt to form slots in an annealed hollow body having a thickness as heretofore specified will destroy the shape and the symmetry of the body.

Persons skilled in metal fabrication are aware that slots having the limited width necessary to produce spring members in a pin-type conductor could not be cut with known slot-forming mechanism. Many prior attempts have been made to produce pin-type conductors, yet all failed because slots could not be cut having the necessary minimum width. Applicant's discovery that slots having a width of less than 0.010 inch could be cut by spark errosion of metal, led to the successful manufacture of long-sought pin-type conductors.

By employing the spark errosion of metal method, burr-free action is provided. Also, by the use of that method of cutting slots in the relatively thin metal tube, the slots can be out without the use of a rigid support for the tube; whereas if cut otherwise, without a support, the tube would collapse.

The method employed for forming a socket-type conductor is substantially the same as that method employed for manufacturing the pin-type conductor. The exception being that the spring type contacts 50, 52 and 53 between the slots. are bent inwardly to the extent that they resiliently embrace the contacts on the pin-type conductor. The contours of the contacts 50, 52 and 53 are designed so that the surfaces that resiliently engage the contacts on the pin type conductor complement the outer surfaces of the latter conductor when the latter conductor is forced into contacting position with the socket.

It is to be understood also that the pin-type conductor can function successfully with sockets other than those having resilient contacts, and that the present socket can function successfully with conductors other than those having resilient contacts.

From the foregoing, it is apparent that by virtue of the present invention, I have perfected a long felt need for providing a pin-type connector and a socket type connector, both of which are manufactured at a relatively low cost when compared to pin-type connectors and sockets therefor now on the market.

The weight-saving characteristics become very apparent in high density applications, such as aerospace applications.

Both types of contacts, pin and socket, can be attached to current or signal carrying wire of solid, stranded or insulated form, or any combination thereof, by crimping, soldering or welding.

Advantages of this type contact are numerous. The contact surface area for current capacity is greater than that of most available designs. Pear shape, single point and double point contacts in the miniature sizes are most common.

The weight savings are quite substantial. In the pin type contact, such savings is approximately 50 percent; and in the socket contact, approximately 25 percent. The thin-wall design allows the use of a larger diameter wire attachment than present contacts permit. The slots allow ease of plating both inside and outside which, in miniature contacts, is critical in that plating solutions cannot readily be circulated in a miniature bore. The larger engagement area allows for more reliability from a mechanical standpoint, relative to vibration, and noise, created by vibration of point areas.

Both pin and socket contacts, in this design, can be used as free standing members in scoop proof connectors. The design permits the maximum density, in a given area, to be greater than any available to date. Because of the design, parts are readily adaptable to mass feeding in automated equipment making production savings of 25 percent to 40 percent possible.

It is also apparent from the foregoing taht the pintype connector as herein shown is effective to resiliently engage the walls of a complement socket in which the walls of the socket are not biased inwardly. And conversely the resilient contacts of the socket shown in FIG. 6 provides for resiliently embracing a non-radially expansible pin-type contact.

When employing the radially expandible pin-type connector such as that shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 with a complementary socket like that connector shown in FIG. 6, there is then provided, as set forth in the aforementioned Phillips patent, a combination of two yielding means with two different natural frequencies of vibration so that only one of the two yielding means can be in resonance with an imposed vibratory frequency at one time, the other yielding means being out of resonance to maintain the effectiveness of the electrical joint.

While the socket shown in FIG. 6 is in the form of a true. circle, it is to be understood that it can be shaped to complement the pin-type contact shown in FIGS. 4 and 5.

The pin-type connector like that shown in any of the embodiments offers resistance to withdrawal within a narrow range of desirable tolerances and such resistance to withdrawal is maintained substantially constant throughout repeated withdrawals. Yet the hollow pin connectors provide a sturdy spring action effect throughout long contact surfaces.

Having described my invention, 1 now claim.

l. The method of forming an elongated pin type con- 7 nector comprising the steps of,

extruding a disc of resilient and flexible metal into a tubular body having a closed end, which tubular body has a maximum outside diameter of about 0.037 inch,

bulging outwardly an elongated section of said tubular body to a wall thickness of about 0.003 inch,

heat treating the tubular body to uniform hardness to obtain consistant spring action,

cutting a plurality of elongated slots having a uniform width of less than 0.010 inch through the wall of said elongated section of said tubular body along the longitudinal length thereof and at circumferentially spaced locations by subjecting the metal to spark erosion.

2. A method of forming an elongated pin type connector, comprising the steps of:

forming a disk of resilient metal into a tubular body having a closed end, the body having a maximum outside diameter of about 0.037 inch and a wall thickness of about 0.003 inch; and cutting a plurality of elongated slots having a uniform width of less than 0.010 inch through the wall of said elongated section of said tubular body along the longitudinal length thereof and at circumferentially spaced locations by subjecting the metal to spark erosion. 3. The method defined in claim 2 and further comprising the step of heat treating the tubular body to obtain consistent spring action prior to cutting the slots.

32 3 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,786 558 Dated January 22, 4

Inventor-(s) Lauris J. McCarthy It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 1, line 12, "taht" should read "that line 25, "show" should read --shows--- line 28, after the word "have" insert "been-- Column 2, line 24, after the word "is" insert --of- I line '42, "Spart" should read "Spark-- Column 4, line 38, "taht" should read --that-- Signed nd sealed this 15th day of August 197 (SEAL) Attest: v v i v McCOY M. GIBSON, JR. e C. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

Claims (3)

1. The method of forming an elongated pin type connector comprising the steps of, extruding a disc of resilient and flexible metal into a tubular body having a closed end, which tubular body has a maximum outside diameter of about 0.037 inch, bulging outwardly an elongated section of said tubular body to a wall thickness of about 0.003 inch, heat treating the tubular body to uniform hardness to obtain consistant spring action, cutting a plurality of elongated slots having a uniform width of less than 0.010 inch through the wall of said elongated section of said tubular body along the longitudinal length thereof and at circumferentially spaced locations by subjecting the metal to spark erosion.
2. A method of forming an elongated pin type connector, comprising the steps of: forming a disk of resilient metal into a tubular body having a closed end, the body having a maximum outside diameter of about 0.037 inch and a wall thickness of about 0.003 inch; and cutting a plurality of elongated slots having a uniform width of less than 0.010 inch through the wall of said elongated section of said tubular body along the longitudinal length thereof and at circumferentially spaced locations by subjecting the metal to spark erosion.
3. The method defined in claim 2 and further comprising the step of heat treating the tubular body to obtain consistent spring action prior to cutting the slots.
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4533204A (en) * 1982-08-23 1985-08-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Resilient circuit board contact
US4660922A (en) * 1984-06-29 1987-04-28 Pylon Company, Inc. Terminal plug body and connector
US4797113A (en) * 1987-02-05 1989-01-10 Lambert Roger T Board to board flexible pin
US5129830A (en) * 1990-04-26 1992-07-14 Cray Research, Inc. Z-axis pin connectors for stacked printed circuit board assemblies
US5152696A (en) * 1990-04-26 1992-10-06 Cray Research, Inc. Z-axis connectors for stacked printed circuit board assemblies
US5898993A (en) * 1994-03-18 1999-05-04 Yazaki Corporation Large current terminal and method of metal-working same
US6260268B1 (en) 1999-08-11 2001-07-17 Positronic Industries, Inc. Method of forming a solid compliant pin connector contact
US6442834B1 (en) * 1999-02-19 2002-09-03 Yazaki Corporation Method of manufacture substrate-use terminals
US20040033733A1 (en) * 2002-08-15 2004-02-19 3M Innovative Properties Company Electrical contact
US20070099521A1 (en) * 2005-10-27 2007-05-03 Randall Wendland Crimped center conductor
US7559779B1 (en) 2008-05-14 2009-07-14 Cinch Connectors, Inc. Electrical connector
US8777646B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2014-07-15 Ruxton C. Doubt Electrical socket adaptor
US20170104284A1 (en) * 2015-06-08 2017-04-13 International Business Machines Corporation Pin attach converter

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1671540A (en) * 1925-07-31 1928-05-29 Delta Co Method of manufacturing electric contact plugs
US2036759A (en) * 1932-11-30 1936-04-07 Kleinmann Ernst Electrical contact pin
US2427176A (en) * 1943-04-26 1947-09-09 American Cabinet Hardware Corp Method of making cable terminals
US2563761A (en) * 1945-09-20 1951-08-07 Bendix Aviat Corp Socket connector having an indented solder wall
US3558842A (en) * 1967-03-06 1971-01-26 Livshits Abram L Method of electroerosive machining of current-conducting materials and a device for effecting same

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1671540A (en) * 1925-07-31 1928-05-29 Delta Co Method of manufacturing electric contact plugs
US2036759A (en) * 1932-11-30 1936-04-07 Kleinmann Ernst Electrical contact pin
US2427176A (en) * 1943-04-26 1947-09-09 American Cabinet Hardware Corp Method of making cable terminals
US2563761A (en) * 1945-09-20 1951-08-07 Bendix Aviat Corp Socket connector having an indented solder wall
US3558842A (en) * 1967-03-06 1971-01-26 Livshits Abram L Method of electroerosive machining of current-conducting materials and a device for effecting same

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Electro Spark Machining of Metals, Vol. 2, Ed. by B. R. Lazarenko, Consultants, Bureau, 1964. *

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4533204A (en) * 1982-08-23 1985-08-06 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Resilient circuit board contact
US4660922A (en) * 1984-06-29 1987-04-28 Pylon Company, Inc. Terminal plug body and connector
US4797113A (en) * 1987-02-05 1989-01-10 Lambert Roger T Board to board flexible pin
US5152696A (en) * 1990-04-26 1992-10-06 Cray Research, Inc. Z-axis connectors for stacked printed circuit board assemblies
US5129830A (en) * 1990-04-26 1992-07-14 Cray Research, Inc. Z-axis pin connectors for stacked printed circuit board assemblies
US5898993A (en) * 1994-03-18 1999-05-04 Yazaki Corporation Large current terminal and method of metal-working same
US6442834B1 (en) * 1999-02-19 2002-09-03 Yazaki Corporation Method of manufacture substrate-use terminals
US6260268B1 (en) 1999-08-11 2001-07-17 Positronic Industries, Inc. Method of forming a solid compliant pin connector contact
US7331821B2 (en) 2002-08-15 2008-02-19 3M Innovative Properties Company Electrical connector
US20040033733A1 (en) * 2002-08-15 2004-02-19 3M Innovative Properties Company Electrical contact
US20060128216A1 (en) * 2002-08-15 2006-06-15 3M Innovative Properties Company Electrical connector
US7021963B2 (en) * 2002-08-15 2006-04-04 3M Innovative Properties Company Electrical contact
US7252560B2 (en) * 2005-10-27 2007-08-07 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Crimped center conductor
US20070099521A1 (en) * 2005-10-27 2007-05-03 Randall Wendland Crimped center conductor
US7559779B1 (en) 2008-05-14 2009-07-14 Cinch Connectors, Inc. Electrical connector
US8777646B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2014-07-15 Ruxton C. Doubt Electrical socket adaptor
US20170104284A1 (en) * 2015-06-08 2017-04-13 International Business Machines Corporation Pin attach converter
US9853375B2 (en) * 2015-06-08 2017-12-26 International Business Machines Corporation Pin attach converter

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