US3783916A - Chipper chip-removing structure - Google Patents

Chipper chip-removing structure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3783916A
US3783916A US3783916DA US3783916A US 3783916 A US3783916 A US 3783916A US 3783916D A US3783916D A US 3783916DA US 3783916 A US3783916 A US 3783916A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
drum
chipping
belt
chipper
conveyor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
T Nicholson
R Jorgensen
S Vanek
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nicholson Manufacturing Co
Original Assignee
Nicholson Manufacturing Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27LREMOVING BARK OR VESTIGES OF BRANCHES; SPLITTING WOOD; MANUFACTURE OF VENEER, WOODEN STICKS, WOOD SHAVINGS, WOOD FIBRES OR WOOD POWDER
    • B27L11/00Manufacture of wood shavings, chips, powder, or the like; Tools therefor
    • B27L11/002Transporting devices for wood or chips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27LREMOVING BARK OR VESTIGES OF BRANCHES; SPLITTING WOOD; MANUFACTURE OF VENEER, WOODEN STICKS, WOOD SHAVINGS, WOOD FIBRES OR WOOD POWDER
    • B27L11/00Manufacture of wood shavings, chips, powder, or the like; Tools therefor
    • B27L11/02Manufacture of wood shavings, chips, powder, or the like; Tools therefor of wood shavings or the like

Abstract

A rotating chipping drum is mounted in a hollow body with a portion of its periphery exposed to a chipping chamber for holding log sections to be chipped. Cutting bits are mounted in apertures of the chipping drum so that chips cut from the log section enter the interior of the drum. The chips are removed from the interior of the drum by a conveyor of the screw type, of the belt type, or of the chain type, extending partially or entirely through the interior of the drum. The rotative axis of the chipping drum may be inclined to urge a log section toward one end of the chipping chamber.

Description

United States Patent [191 Nicholson et al.

[ Jan. 8, 1974 CHIPPER CHlP-REMOVKNG STRUCTURE [73] Assignee': Nicholson Manufacturing Company,

Seattle, Wash.

[22] Filed: May 2, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 249,721

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 883,038, Dec. 8,

1969, Pat. NO. 3,661,192.

[52] US. Cl 144/172, 144/162, 144/326, 241/93 [51] Int. Cl B271 11/02 [58] Field of Search 144/172, 162, 326; Y 241/93 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,266,542 8/1966 Paoli 241/93 3,155,130 11/1964 Loganet a1. 144/326 B Primary Examiner-Donald R. Schran Attorney-Robert W. Beach 571 ABSTRACT A rotating chipping drum is mounted in a hollow body with a portion of its periphery exposed to a chipping chamber for holding log sections to be chipped. Cutting bits are mounted in apertures of the chipping drum so that chips cut from the log section enter the interior of the drum. The chips are removed from the interior of the drum by a conveyor of the screw type, of the belt type, or of the chain type, extending partially or entirely through the interior of the drum. The rotative axis of the chipping drum may be inclined to urge a log section toward one end of the chipping chamber.

PATENTEU 81974 3, 7 83 9 l 6 sum 1 [1F 4 PATEHTED JAN 8 4 SHEET 3 OF 4 CHIPPIER CHIP-REMOVING STRUCTURE This application is a continuation-impart of prior application Ser. No. 883,038. filed Dec. 8, 1969, for Peripheral Chipper for Round Log Sections which resulted in United States Patent No. 3.661.192. issued May 9. 1972.

A principal object of the invention is to facilitate removal of chips from the interior of the chipping drum of a chipper intended primarily to chip short log sectrons.

A further object is to provide a chipper in which the rotative axis of the chipping drum can be inclined to urge log sections toward the lower end of the chipping chamber, or which can be horizontal.

FIG. 1 is an end elevation of a chipper according to the present invention, and

FIG. 2 is a side elevation of such chipper showing an alternative position of the chipper in broken lines.

FIG. 3 is a side elevation of a chipper showing an alternative type of chip-removal mechanism, FIG. 4 is an end elevation of such chipper, and FIG. 5 is a vertical section through such chipper taken on line 5--5 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 6 is a vertical section similar to FIG. 5, showing a chipper having a further modified chip-removal mechanism, and FIG. 7 is a side elevation of such chipper.

The chipper has a hollow body 50 in which the rotative chipping drum is located, having chipping bits mounted on its periphery as disclosed in copending application Ser. No. 883,038.

The chipper of FIGS. 1 and 2 has a chipping chamber that is considerably longer in the direction parallel to the rotative axis of the drum than its width transversely of such axis. Consequently, a log round chipped in such chamber may have a considerably greater axial length than its diameter. Such log rounds L" can be fed to the chipping chamber by a supply conveyor 7'.

The chipper body can be disposed in inclined position as shown in broken lines in FIG. 2, in order to urge log sections toward the lower end of the chipping chamber. Because such log sections being chipped will usually be longer than their diameter, however, the chipper body can be arranged so that the axis of the chipping drum is horizontal, as shown in solid lines in FIG. 2. In such case it is desirable to remove the chips from the interior of the drum 51 other than by gravity.

Particularly in FIG. 1 downwardly convergent chipcatching plates 61 are shown, which are joined by a trough 62. A screw conveyor 63 located in such trough can be driven by reduction gearing 64 to move the chips out one end of the trough. Such reduction gearing is driven by a chain 65 powered by a motor 66, as shown in FIG. 2.

While, as has been discussed above, the chipper shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 is particularly suitable for chipping log rounds of a length greater than wheels, the same chipper can be used satisfactorily for chipping log wheels L which can be fed to it by a supply conveyor 7. In this instance, however, the chipper body 50 should be tilted into the broken line position shown in FIG. 2 so that the wheels will gravitate toward the lower end of the chipping chamber to prevent them from falling over.

In FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 the chipper body 50 and the chipper drum 51 are or may be essentially the same as the corresponding structure of the chipper shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. In this instance, however, the chips cut by the bits carried by the drum and passing into the interior of the drum fall onto an endless loop conveyor belt 67 that extends completely through the hollow of the chipper drum 51. One end of the belt loop is carried by an idler pulley 68, and the other end of the belt loop is car ried by a powered pulley 69.

The powered pulley 69 of the belt conveyor is carried by a shaft 20 which is driven by the reduction gearing 71, in turn driven by the belt drive 72 driven by motor 73. To direct the chips onto the conveyor belt 67 as far as possible an inclined strip apron 74 may be provided extending along the edge of the belt adjacent to which the anvil cooperating with the bits is located. A further strip apron 75 may be provided along the opposite edge of the belt. Apron 74 will scoop the chips onto the belt from the location at which they are cut. The opposite, wider apron 75 will deter the chips from being flung or pushed beyond the opposite edge of the belt.

Movement of the upper stretch of belt 67 will carry the chips deposited on it out of the chipper drum, over the pulley 69 and dump such chips into the hopper 76 for storage or other disposition. In order to prevent any excess chips from falling onto the upper side of the lower belt stretch, a shield 77 extends lengthwise of the chipper beneath the chipping drum and above the lower belt stretch. The major portion of the width of this shield slopes transversely of the direction of movement of the belt to a trough 78 from which excess chips are scraped by a chain conveyor. Slivers will slide down the opposite, narrow, steep portion of the shield into a trough 78' from which the slivers are scraped by another chain conveyor.

To reduce the effort required to move the belt 67 while enabling it to carry a heavy load of chips, air may be discharged beneath the upper stretch of the belt through apertures 79 in the top of a manifold 80 to which air is supplied under pressure. The upper stretch of the belt will thus be floated on a dynamic cushion of air, which will greatly reduce the friction between the belt stretch and its support. Preferably such manifold extends substantially throughout the length of the upper stretch of the belt.

In FIG. 6 a further type of endless loop chip-removal mechanism extending throughout the full length of the chipper drum is illustrated. Such mechanism is shown as a chain conveyor including flights 81 running in a trough 82 and having their opposite ends connected to chains 83. Such chains are carried by idler sprockets 84 and a drive sprocket 85 which move the flights 81 through the chipper to the left, as shown in FIG. 7. Preferably the chains 83 are located below and protected by aprons 74 and 75 of the type described in connection with FIG. 5.

As shown in FIG. 7, the chains 83 include a substantially horizontal upper stretch extending through the chipper drum and a lower stretch inclined upwardly from the chip discharge end of the chipper drum and passing beneath the chipper drum. Chips are raked by the flights 81 to the end of trough 82 from which the chips drop onto the lower portion of the upwardly inclined stretch of the chain conveyor in a trough 86. Such trough extends upwardly beneath the drum so that any excess chips that fall from the drum are deposited in such conveyor trough.

Near the upper end of the lower inclined conveyor stretch is a discharge chute into which the conveyor flights 81 rake the chips to slide down the chute into a flight conveyor 88, which carries the chips to a storage bin, or to a transport vehicle, or to some other disposal device.

We claim:

1. A peripheral chipper comprising a hollow body having therein a chipping chamber, a rotary chipping drum including a plurality of bits having cutting edges projecting from its periphery, means mounting said chipping drum for rotation with a portion of its periphery exposed to said chipping chamber for engagement by a log section in said chamber, and endless-loop conveyor means including a first linear-moving stretch exteinding axially through said chipping drum throughout its length and traveling in one direction for moving chips axially of said chipping drum for discharge of chips from one end of said chipping drum and a second linear-moving stretch outside said drum and moving in the opposite direction.

2. The chipper defined in claim 1, in which the conveyor having one stretch means includes a belt conveyor extending axially through the chipping drum.

3. The chipper defined in claim 2, in which the belt conveyor includes a belt, belt-supporting plate means closely underlying said belt, and means for supplying a dynamic cushion of air between said belt-supporting plate means and said belt.

4. The chipper defined in claim 1, in which the conveyor means includes a trough extending axially of the chipping drum and a flight conveyor having flights moving along said trough.

5. The chipper defined in claim 1, in which the second stretch of the conveyor means moves beneath the rotary chipping drum for receiving chips from the first stretch and from the lower portion of the chipping drum.

6. The chipper defined in claim 5, in which the second stretch of the conveyor means beneath the rotary charge end of the chipping drum.

mg UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF 'CQRRECTION Patent N 3 783 916 Dated January v8 1974 Inventor(s) Thomas W. Nicholson, Ray B. JorgensenL Stanley D. Vane1 It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 3, line 12, cancel "teinding" and insert --tending--; 11116 19, cancel "having one stretch"; line 20, after "veyor" insert ---having one stretch-.

Signed and sealed this 18th day of June 1971;.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR.I Y c. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer I Commissioner of Patents

Claims (6)

1. A peripheral chipper comprising a hollow body having therein a chipping chamber, a rotary chipping drum including a plurality of bits having cutting edges projecting from its periphery, means mounting said chipping drum for rotation with a portion of its periphery exposed to said chipping chamber for engagement by a log section in said chamber, and endless-loop conveyor means including a first linear-moving stretch exteinding axially through said chipping drum throughout its length and traveling in one direction for moving chips axially of said chipping drum for discharge of chips from one end of said chipping drum and a second linear-moving stretch outside said drum and moving in the opposite direction.
2. The chipper defined in claim 1, in which the conveyor having one stretch means includes a belt conveyor extending axially through the chipping drum.
3. The chipper defined in claim 2, in which the belt conveyor includes a belt, belt-supporting plate means closely underlying said belt, and means for supplying a dynamic cushion of air between said belt-supporting plate means and said belt.
4. The chipper defined in claim 1, in which the conveyor means includes a trough extending axially of the chipping drum and a flight conveyor having flights moving along said trough.
5. The chipper defined in claim 1, in which the second stretch of the conveyor means moves beneath the rotary chipping drum for receiving chips from the first stretch and from the lower portion of the chipping drum.
6. The chipper defined in claim 5, in which the second stretch of the conveyor means beneath the rotary chipping drum is inclined upwardly from the chip discharge end of the chipping drum.
US3783916A 1969-12-08 1972-05-02 Chipper chip-removing structure Expired - Lifetime US3783916A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US88303869 true 1969-12-08 1969-12-08
US24972172 true 1972-05-02 1972-05-02

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3783916A true US3783916A (en) 1974-01-08

Family

ID=26940296

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3783916A Expired - Lifetime US3783916A (en) 1969-12-08 1972-05-02 Chipper chip-removing structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3783916A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4240588A (en) * 1979-03-06 1980-12-23 Fulghum Industries, Inc. Wood chipping installation
US5803143A (en) * 1995-10-23 1998-09-08 Willis; Bobby G. Method and apparatus for producing wood wafers

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3155130A (en) * 1958-11-27 1964-11-03 Anglo Paper Prod Ltd Method for producing wood chips
US3266542A (en) * 1964-09-02 1966-08-16 Stephen A Paoli Machine for separating fragments of bone, gristle or sinew from comminuted meat

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3155130A (en) * 1958-11-27 1964-11-03 Anglo Paper Prod Ltd Method for producing wood chips
US3266542A (en) * 1964-09-02 1966-08-16 Stephen A Paoli Machine for separating fragments of bone, gristle or sinew from comminuted meat

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4240588A (en) * 1979-03-06 1980-12-23 Fulghum Industries, Inc. Wood chipping installation
US5803143A (en) * 1995-10-23 1998-09-08 Willis; Bobby G. Method and apparatus for producing wood wafers

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4259886A (en) Wood cutter and loader
US5375775A (en) Tire recycling apparatus and method
US5947395A (en) Materials reducing machine
US3913850A (en) Mobile tire shredder
US3661192A (en) Peripheral chipper for round log sections
US5464100A (en) Sorting apparatus in solid waste sorting system
US5577618A (en) Mobile aggregate material processing plant
US3825192A (en) Feeding mechanism for reduction apparatus
US5005620A (en) Drum-type wood chipper
US4702746A (en) System for producing fuel pellets
US5732827A (en) Screening apparatus
US2813617A (en) Article aligning machine
US4140281A (en) Separation of dirt and bark from wood chips
US3622089A (en) Crushing plant
US4134556A (en) Tire shredder
US3866769A (en) Wood chip handling system
US3897018A (en) Method and apparatus for the continuous feeding of palletized fiber materials
USRE33840E (en) Combination log debarker-chipper
US4003462A (en) Log sorting system
US4380284A (en) Chip conveyer
US4369875A (en) Apparatus for isolation and supply of objects, in particular sweets, to a packing machine
US3559898A (en) Wood-chipping machine
US3229827A (en) Material handling apparatus
US2209340A (en) Automatic feeding device
US3946950A (en) Material reducer