US378200A - Tbeeitoey - Google Patents

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US378200A US378200DA US378200A US 378200 A US378200 A US 378200A US 378200D A US378200D A US 378200DA US 378200 A US378200 A US 378200A
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    • B61D47/00Loading or unloading devices combined with vehicles, e.g. loading platforms, doors convertible into loading and unloading ramps
    • B61D47/005Loading or unloading devices combined with road vehicles carrying wagons, e.g. ramps, turntables, lifting means
    • B65G63/00Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations
    • B65G63/02Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations with essentially horizontal transit otherwise than by bridge
    • B65G63/022Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations with essentially horizontal transit otherwise than by bridge for articles
    • B65G63/025Transferring or trans-shipping at storage areas, railway yards or harbours or in opening mining cuts; Marshalling yard installations with essentially horizontal transit otherwise than by bridge for articles for containers


' (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
Patented Feb. 21, 1888.
WITNESSES w (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet; 2. O. HOYT. HAY UNLOADER AND STAGKER. No. 378,200. Patented Feb. 21, 1888.
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WITNESSES lUnrrnn STATES Parent @rrna.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 378,200, dated February 21, 1888.
Application filed August 18, 1887. Serial No. 247,275. (No model.)
f (til ZUTZYOTIL it may concern:
Be it known that I, OVANDO HOYT, of Ovando, in the county of Deer Lodge and Territory of Montana, have invented a new and Imp roved Hay Unloader and Stacker,of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
My invention relates to a device for unloading and stacking hay, and has for its objectto provide a means whereby the hay may be readily and quickly unloaded from the wagon without strain upon the team, and wherein, also, simultaneously with unloading, the hay may be stacked with little effort.
The invention consists in the construction and combination of the several parts, as will be hereinafter fully set forth, and pointed out in the claims.
teferoncc is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar figures of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the rack employed. Fig. 2 is a central transverse vertical section through the rack, illustrating the sling in position thereon. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the sling. Fig. 4 is a plan view of a section of the hoist-rope, and Fig. 5 illustrates a rear view ota wagon with the sling, in posi tion.
In carrying out the invention the rack employed and illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 is constructed of two horizontal base-beams, 1, hav in g attached th creto upwardly, outwardly, and oppositely inclined end bars, 2 and 3, the end bars, 2, being double and attached to each side of the base and the bars 3 to the upper edge of said base, projecting upward between the double bars, where the two end pieces are pinned together, partaking of the form of an X, the double bars, however, being slightly longer than the single bars.
The base-beams 1 are united at one end by a horizontal brace-bar, 4, and the ends are further connected and the rack stiffened by the attachment of a second brace-bar, 5, to the outer edges of the single end bars, 3, above the base and below the center.
A longitudinal crossbar, 6, is made to rest in the upper fork of the end bars, provided with a series of slats, 7, attached at right angles thereto from end to end, the said slats shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
being adapted to rest at their ends upon the brace-bar 5. The end bars at the top are pro- Vided with a finishing inclined cross-head, 8, attached at one end between the double end bars, 2, and at the opposite end to the single bars 3.
Longitudinally the higher side of the rack a pin-carrying bar, 9, is secured to the upper edge of the cross-heads 8, the pins being secured at intervals in its outer side edge, as Longitudinally the lower side of the rack a bar, 11, is held by staples or otherwise in connection with the cross-heads, and the said bar 11 is provided with a series of rails, 12, attached at right angles upon its inner side edge, extending over and beyond the pin-bar 9.
The slings 12, adapted to be used in the wagon and in connection with the rack, consist of a series of lines, 18, preferably rope, of a length sufiicient to lie upon the bed of the basket 14, carried by the wagon, as shown in Fig. 5, and when brought in contact with the sides to extend over the same. The number of lines employed is governed by the length of the basket, and each line is secured at its ends to poles 15 and 16, adapted to hang longitudinally over the basketsidcs, as shown in Figs. 3 and 5. Outside the pole 15 loops 17 are formed of the bight portion of the outer ropes 18 by drawing each strand of said portion together about midway its length and fastening them by knotting, as illustrated in Fig. 3.
The pole 16 has attached thereto near each end, preferably between the end and adjoining lines, 13, a short length of chain, 18, and to the inner link of each chain quite a length ofrope, 19, is fastened, having secured at the other end rings 20.
At a convenient distance from the place selected for the stack a pole is held in a perpendicular position, from which are suspended two or more pulleys, (not shown,) and over the pulleys a hoistrope, 21, is passed, having one end fastened to a team of horses and the other end provided with a ring, 22, and pendent from said ring two flexible arms, 23, carrying books 24 at their ends, as illustrated in Fig. 4, and between the said arms a hook, 25, is also secured to the ring.
In operation, before proceeding to the field,
the sling is placed in the basket, as shown in Fig. 5, the poles hanging over the side, after which the hay is thrown in upon the slings until the load is made up. The rack having been placed where the stack is to be built, the wagon is driven up alongside the lower portion of the rack, with the pole 16 parallel and next thereto. The flexible arms 23 of the hoist-rope 21 are now thrown over the load, and by means of the hooks 24 are attached to the loops 17, the chains 18 having previously been hooked over one or more of the pins 10. The ropes 19, attached to the links, are now each fastened to the hook 25 upon the hoist by the engagement of the rings 20, and the sling, secured as in Fig. 2, is ready for manipulation. The team attached to the hoist-rope is now started, and the entire load is rolled from the basket upon the slatted table of the rack, consisting of the bar 11 and slats 12, and from thence down upon the ground. The ropes 19 being released from the hoist, the sling is readily withdrawn, the bar Gand attached slats 7 preventing the hay from scattering beneath the rack.
The above operation is repeated until the stack has been builtabout as high as the rack. Then two slings are employed and the load delivered in two parts.
By the use of my invention hay may be handled much more readily than before and with:
out much strain upon the team, as the load is not lifted from the wagon, but rolled off.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A rack provided with crossed end bars, 2 and 3, horizontal bases 1, a longitudinal guide-beam, 5, attached at one side to the end bars, a longitudinal bar, 6, adapted to rest in the upper crotch of the end bars, having a series of slats,7, attached at right angles thereto, adapted to rest upon the guide-beam 5, crossheads 8, uniting the end bars, a longitudinal pincarrying bar, 9, secured near one end of said cross-heads, and a bar, 11, secured upon said cross-heads having attached slats adapted to project beyond and rest upon the pin-carrying bar, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.
2. A sling for unloading hay, consisting of a series of parallel spaced lines, 13, attached at each end to poles 15 and 16, loops 17, secured to the pole 15 near each end, chains 18, secured to the said pole 16 near its ends, and ropes 19, provided with rings 20, attached to said chains, substantially as and for the pur pose herein set forth.
3. A sling for unloading hay, consisting of a series of parallel spaced lines, 13, poles 15 and 16, secured to said lines, loops 17, pro jecting from the outer side of said pole 15 at each end, aligning centrally the space intervening the outer lines, 13, and the next adjoining line, chains 18, secured to the outer side of the pole l6, aligning the loops 17, and ropes 19, carrying rings 20, secured to said chains, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.
4. The combination, with the rack A, provided with the upper fixed longitudinal bar, 9, having attached pins 10, the parallel bar 11, provided with slats 12, the guide-bar 6 and attached slats 7, and the guide-bar 5, of they Witnesses:
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