US3772008A - Golf ball mold production - Google Patents

Golf ball mold production Download PDF

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US3772008A
US3772008A US3772008DA US3772008A US 3772008 A US3772008 A US 3772008A US 3772008D A US3772008D A US 3772008DA US 3772008 A US3772008 A US 3772008A
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mold
punch
metal
mass
consolidated
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C Porter
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FREID E
FREID E US
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FREID E
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F5/00Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the special shape of the product
    • B22F5/10Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the special shape of the product of articles with cavities or holes, not otherwise provided for in the preceding subgroups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F5/00Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the special shape of the product
    • B22F5/007Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the special shape of the product of moulds

Abstract

The method of forming a concavely hemispherical mold for use in molding a gold ball, so that the mold interior surface is accurately dimpled, includes the steps: A. PLACING A MASS OF POWDERED MOLD METAL IN A FORMING DIE CYLINDER, B. ADVANCING AXIALLY IN THE CYLINDER OR HEMISPHERICAL PUNCH, THE EXTERIOR SURFACE OF WHICH IS DIMPLED, AND AGAINST THE MASS OF POWDERED METAL TO CONSOLIDATE THAT METAL INTO MOLD SHAPE WITH THE DESCRIBED SURFACE DIMPLING, AND SO THAT THE CONSOLIDATED METAL EMBRACES THE PUNCH, C. REMOVING FROM THE CYLINDER THE CONSOLIDATED MOLD WITH THE PUNCH EMBRACED THEREBY, AND D. THEREAFTER EFFECTING SEPARATION OF THE CONSOLIDATED MOLD AND PUNCH BY THERMAL EXPANSION OF THE MOLD RELATIVE TO THE PUNCH.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 1111 3,772,008

Porter Nov. 13, 1973 GOLF BALL MOLD PRODUCTION [57] ABSTRACT lnvemori El Mollie Calif- The method of forming a concavely hemispherical 731 Assignee: E. Victor Freid, Monrovia, Calif. use 'P a P mtenor surface IS accurately dlmpled, includes the [22] Filed: Oct. 12, 1971 steps; [2H AppL No 187,967 a. placing a mass of powdered mold metal in a forming die cylinder, b. advancing axially in the cylinder or hemispherical [52] US. Cl. 75/214, 29/420, 75/200, h, th exterior surface of which is dimpled, 75/211, 106/339. 25/7 and against the mass of powdered metal to [51] Int. Cl. B22 1/00, B22f 3/00 nsolidate that metal into mold shape with the [58] Field of Search 75/200, 2l4, 211; described surface dimpling, and so that the /339; 425/73 consolidated metal embraces the punch,

c. removing from the cylinder the consolidated Rdflellces Cited mold with the punch embraced thereby, and

UNITED STATES PATENTS d. thereafter effecting separation of the 2,479,364 3/1949 Jocelyn 75 214 x conwndaled mold and Punch by thermal 3,046,316 7/|952 Morin expansion of the mold relative to the punch. 2,363,337 l/l944 Kelly 29/420 X Primary Examiner-Carl D. Quarforth 6 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures Assistant ExaminerR. E. Schafer Attorney-H. Calvin White F/LL D/E CONSOL DflT/NG' EIECT ii Z220 PAW? r Hag/w p0 POWDEEED /N 0/5 0/5 METAL ME r44 MflCH/NE EEMOl/E PPRT FROM .S/NTER f 1 01 /$'l-/, 0S MflS'TER PUNCH REQUIRED PAIENIED NUY I 3 I973 SHEET 2 OF 3 PMENIEmov 13!.175 3.772.008

sum 3 BF 3 GOLF BALL MOLD PRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to golf ball production, and more particularly concerns the formation of molds for use in molding golf balls.

Golf balls molds are conventionally hemispheric in shape, two such molds, or mold "halves" being clamped together to form a complete molding unit or assembly. Inasmuch as golf ball dimensions, including those of the multiple recesses distributed over the ball surface, are not permitted to vary outside very narrow limits or tolerances (about 0.001 inch, for example), the consistant manufacture of the ball molds to such tolerances becomes exceedingly difficult and expensive. No way was known, to my knowledge, to produce such molds through consolidation of metal powder, in the simple and reliable manner as now afforded by the present invention.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is a major object of the invention to provide apparatus and method facilitating production of golf ball molds through consolidation of metallic powder, while keeping within the tolerance limitations imposed by golf ball sizing standards. Basically, the method involves formation of a concavely hemispherical mold, the interior surface of which is accurately dimpled, with employment of a forming die cylinder and a hemispherical punch the convex exterior surface of which contains multiple recesses corresponding to the mold surface dimples. The steps of the method include placing a mass of powdered metal in the mold, and, advancing the punch axially in the cylinder and against the mass of powdered metal to consolidate that metal into mold shape with surface dimpling, and so that the consolidated metal embraces the punch; removing the consolidated mold and punch from the die cylinder; and thereafter effecting separation of the mold from the punch by thermal expansion of the mold relative to the punch. Subsequently, the separated mold is typically sintered and may be polished. As will be seen, the mold metal powder mass may consist principally of iron containing particles (as for example stainless steel particles), with the remainder of the mass consisting of copper or other metal particles to control ultimate size of the mold, For example, if it is found that the ultimate mold diameter is too large, the amount of copper may be decreased until the correct diameter is achieved.

The -apparatus for forming the mold typically includes the forming die cylinder to receive the powdered metal mixture; and, a hemispherical punch having a convex exterior surface containing multiple recesses corresponding to the mold surface dimples, the punch received endwise in the cylinder for advancement axially therein and against the mass of powdered metal to consolidate the latter into mold shape with surface dimpling. Additional structure typically includes a stem integral with the punch to extend coaxially at the rear thereof, and a sleeve on and removably attached to the stem, the sleeve diameter exceeding that of the punch base, in order to form an annular shoulder on the mold. Further, cylindrical bushing may be used to support the die cylinder to receive the mold and adherent punch ejected from the die cylinder.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention, as well as the details of an illustrative embodiment, will be more fully understood from the following description and drawings, in which:

DRAWING DESCRIPTION FIG. I is a side elevation, partly in section, showing a hemispherical golf ball mold;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the FIG. 1 mold;

FIG. 3 is a bold from flow diagram, showing steps involved in the mold forming process;

FIG. 4 is a side elevation showing a press as used to form the mold;

FIG. 5 is a view like FIG. 4, showing the press applying pressure to consolidate the mold;

FIG. 6 is another view like FIG. 4, but showing the press in mold ejecting configuration; and

FIG. 7 is an elevational view of equipment used to remove the consolidated mold from the pressure applying punch;

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring first to FIG. 1, the consolidated mold to be formed in accordance with the invention is shown at 10 as having a concavely hemispherical interior shape, with interior surface 1] accurately dimpled at I2, the dimples being generally uniformly spaced over that sur face. Mold body 10 has a cylindrical exterior surface 13, and a base I4. As illustrated, the mold 10 comprises one-half of a complete mold. The two half-molds are subsequently placed end-to-end at 16 to form a complete mold for ball molding purposes. A key-way may be used, as shown at 17 in FIG. 2, for alignment of the two half-molds.

In FIG. 4, apparatus for forming the mold 10 includes a forming die cylinder 18 into which a mass 19 of powdered metal is received and typically onto a plug 20 removably contained in the cylinder to fit bore 21 thereof. The assembly rests on a hard steel plate 22 seated on platen 23 of a molding press 24. The preliminary powdered metal weighing step and the filling of the die (as seen in FIG. 4) appear at 26 and 27 in FIG. 3.

Referring to FIG. 5, showing the consolidation step, a hemispherical punch 28, has a convex exterior surface 29 which contains multiple recesses 124 corresponding to the dimples 12 in FIG. 1. The punch is received axially end-wise in the cylinder 18, for advancement downwardly against the mass of particles 19, thereby to consolidate the metal into mold shape with surface dimpling as described. For this purpose, a stem 34 may be integral with the punch to extend coaxially at the upper rear thereof, so that force may be transmitted from upper platen of the press to the stem and to the punch, as via hard steel plate 31. Actuator force application to the platen 30 is indicated at 32. Platen guide pins or rods appear at 33. Typical force application may be in the range 200-300 tons.

It will be noted that the base diameter of the punch in horizontal plane 35 exceeds the diameter of stem 34, to provide a stop shoulder seating a sleeve 36 removably attached to the stern as by a set screw 37. The sleeve diameter exceeds that of the punch base whereby the end 38 of the sleeve also compacts the material 19, to form the annular shoulder 39 seen in FIG. 1. Force is transmitted to the sleeve as by plate 31.

FIG. 6 shows the manner in which the elements 20, 10, 28 and 36 are removed downwardly from the die 18. For this purpose, the die 18 is seated on a cylindrical bushing 40, and force is applied downwardly via platen 30 and a top plug 42 to the punch stem 34. Such force is transmitted by punch 28 and sleeve 36 to the consolidated mold part 10, ejecting same downwardly from bore of die 18 into larger bore 43 of bushing 40. The sleeve and punch are likewise ejected, and removed from the bushing.

It then become necessary to carefully separate the punch 28 from the part 10, which is embraced by meshing of the upper rows of dimples 12 on the part surface 1 l with the punch surface at recesses 12a. Such separation is effected with unusual advantage, by controlled thermal expansion of the mold part relative to the punch. As seen in FIG. 7, flame heating at 45 of the part 10, directed at and around opposite sides thereof, serves to effect the desired thermal separation, whereby the part 10 may then drop free of the punch, as indicated at 10b. Merely as illustrative, part 10 may be heated to around 700F, and for about two minutes, to effect the separation. Such heating may be conducted in a suitable non-oxidizing atmosphere, such as hydrogen, dissociated ammonia, and a vacuum. A combustible air and gas mixture may be supplied at 46 and 47 to manifold 48, in turn supplying the mixture to the burners or jets 50 for discharge through heads 50a. Usable combustible gas includes the usual city supplied natural gas, and liquified petroleum gas. To prevent annealing of the punch, cooling fluid such as water is supplied at 51, 52 and pipe 53 to a central duct 54, the latter flowing cooling water to the hollow interior 55 of the punch and stem. Water exits via duct 56in the stem and manifolding 53 and 52 to exit line 57.

The steps of consolidation of the part in the die, ejection from the die and removal of the part from the punch are indicated at 64-66 in FIG. 3. Thereafter, the formed mold is sintered as indicated at 67. Sintering serves to heat and change the pressed shape into a fused metal structure, without melting. Typical sintering temperature is about 2050F for 30 minutes for the predominantly stainless steel mold, and in a protected disassociated ammonia atmosphere. Finally, the sintered part is externally machined (circumferentially turned) and may be polished, at 68, as required.

The metal powder mass 19 may consist principally of iron containing particles (high carbon, high chrome, such as stainless steel), the remainder consisting of copper. The amount of copper controls the size of the mold, after sintering, in that the diameter of the mold (and hence the diameter of the golf ball) will increase with added copper. Typically, addition of 2% percent copper to a mass consisting of over 90 percent stainless steel particles, by weight, will increase the mold diameter by perhaps 0.003 inches. The mold may also be 5 formed by consolidated of other commercially available compacting metal powder (aluminum, brass, bronze, etc.). The powdered metal may be mixed with a small amount of lubricant to facilitate molding, as is conventional. Typical lubricants include lithium stearate, vegetable stearate, calcium stearate and amid wax.

I claim:

1. in the method of forming a concavely hemispherical mold for use in molding a golf ball, and so that the mold interior surface is accurately dimpled, said method involving use of a forming die cylinder and a hemispherical punch the convex exterior surface of which contains multiple recesses corresponding to the mold surface dimples, said method including the steps:

a. placing a mass of powdered mold metal in the cylinder,

b. advancing the punch axially in the cylinder and against the mass of powdered metal to consolidate that metal into mold shape with said surface dimpling, and so that the consolidated metal embraces the punch,

c. removing from the cylinder the consolidated mold with the punch embraced thereby, and

d. thereafter efiecting separation of the consolidated mold and punch by thermal expansion of the mold relative to the punch.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein mold removal from the forming cylinder is effected by axial force application via the punch to the consolidated mold.

3. The method of claim 1 including the step of subjecting the completed mold to sintering to fuse the metal powder.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein said mold metal mass consists principally of iron containing particles, and there being some copper containing particles in the mass to control expansion of the mold during said hardening.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein said mass contains predominantly stainless steel particles.

6. The method of claim 1 wherein said thermal expansion is effected by heat application to the mold exterior.

* i i i

Claims (5)

  1. 2. The method of claim 1 wherein mold removal from the forming cylinder is effected by axial force application via the punch to the consolidated mold.
  2. 3. The method of claim 1 including the step of subjecting the completed mold to sintering to fuse the metal powder.
  3. 4. The method of claim 1 wherein said mold metal mass consists principally of iron containing particles, and there being some copper containing particles in the mass to control expansion of the mold during said hardening.
  4. 5. The method of claim 1 wherein said mass contains predominantly stainless steel particles.
  5. 6. The method of claim 1 wherein said thermal expansion is effected by heat application to the mold exterior.
US3772008D 1971-10-12 1971-10-12 Golf ball mold production Expired - Lifetime US3772008A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6171091B1 (en) 1999-05-12 2001-01-09 Callaway Golf Company Replaceable mold cavities and mold cavity inserts

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2363337A (en) * 1941-11-12 1944-11-21 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Mold and process of making it
US2479364A (en) * 1945-10-25 1949-08-16 Douglas L Jocelyn Method of making molds
US3046816A (en) * 1959-07-30 1962-07-31 Louis H Morin Method of producing dies from a preformed die part anchored in and projecting from a powdered metal die body

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2363337A (en) * 1941-11-12 1944-11-21 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Mold and process of making it
US2479364A (en) * 1945-10-25 1949-08-16 Douglas L Jocelyn Method of making molds
US3046816A (en) * 1959-07-30 1962-07-31 Louis H Morin Method of producing dies from a preformed die part anchored in and projecting from a powdered metal die body

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6171091B1 (en) 1999-05-12 2001-01-09 Callaway Golf Company Replaceable mold cavities and mold cavity inserts

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