US376937A - Teeeitoey - Google Patents

Teeeitoey Download PDF

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Publication number
US376937A
US376937A US376937DA US376937A US 376937 A US376937 A US 376937A US 376937D A US376937D A US 376937DA US 376937 A US376937 A US 376937A
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Prior art keywords
mainsail
bar
plate
machine
pendulum
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C31/00Aircraft intended to be sustained without power plant; Powered hang-glider-type aircraft; Microlight-type aircraft
    • B64C31/02Gliders, e.g. sailplanes

Description

" 2Shee'ts-Sheet 1.

(No Model.)

w. BEESON; FLYING MAGHINE.

1 I0.'376,937. Patented Jan. 24, 1888.

INVENTOR WITNESSES ATTORNEYS.-

PETERS. PhalmLilhngnpber, Wnhinglnn. D- C.

(no Model.) i 2 Shee'tsS he et 2.

W. BEESON.

FLYING MACHINE.

Patented Jan. 24, 1888.

. WITNESSES VINVENTOR: v 2 48% BY ATTORNEYS.

N, Penn's, Phowljlhognphen )Nnhingium n. c.

UNITED "STATES PATENT forms."

WILLIAM BEESON, or. DILLON, MONTANA TERRITORY.

FLYING-MACHINE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 376,937, dated January 24, 1888.

i Application filed September 9,1887, Serial No. 248,588. (No model.)

To aZZ whom mag concern: Be it knownthat I, WILLIAM BEESON,

Improved Flying-Machine, of which the fol- My invention relates to a machine for navigating the air, and has for its object to provide asimple andeflieient machine of this character.

The invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts of the flying-machine, all as hereinafter described andclaimed. y

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, 'in which similar letters'of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.

"Figure 1 is a front perspective view of my improved flying-machine. Fig. 2 is a side view thereof, partly broken away, and with the aerial plane orsail inlongitudinal section; and Fig. 3 is a front view of the machine with parts in transverse section on the line so a: in Fig. 2.

The aerial planeof this improved flyingmachine consists of a mainsail, A, and a tail" or back sail, B,- both of which are supported on or from a plate or board, 0, which ranges fore and aft under the mainsail A, and. about at thecenter of it, so that the sides of this sail, which is broader at its front than at its rear end, may be considered a fair representalion of the two wings of a bird, while the plate 0 represents the backbone or body of the bird. The plate 0 is convexed at its upper edge,and' preferably at its lower. edge also, and the sail A extends over, forward,and downward around the plate to a curved cross-bar, D, towhich the entire front edge of the sail is fixed, and whereby the front of the sail is formed into or with a pocket, at, which catches the wind,and' thus materially assists in propelling the ma chine forward. A rope or rod, E, (shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1,) is attached to the plate 0 some distance from the point or nose of the plate, and is extended to the opposite ends of the cross-bar D, to which it is made fast, and thusserve's as a stretcher to support the broader forward part of the mainsail, and a brace rod or bar, F, which-is held at its center in or to the plate 0, extends laterally therefrom both Dillon, in the countyof Beaver Head and Territory of Montana, have invented a new and- A ways,and enters or is suitablyfixed to the'cross-H bar D, toserve as an additional brace'between it and the'plate, The tail B of the aerial plane is made of a cloth or other fabr'icstretched over any suitable frame of rods,which isfixed' rigidly in a cross-bar, G, which is journaled in a hearing. at or near thebaok end-of the plate 0, and from the endsof this 'barG ropes or frame-rods H H pass to the opposite ends of the front cross-bar, D, of the mainsail A, to brace the cross-bars D G to each other without interfering with the aerial movement of the bar Gin the plate 0, for purposes presently ex plained. A f

To the plate'G a pendulum-bar, I, is pivoted bythe passage ofa pin, J, through the; upper forked end of'the. pendulum and through any one of a series of holes, a, made in the plate,

and at its lower end the pendulum is provided bar, L, is hungfby ropesl Z, as arest or sup- V 7 with a fixed cross-bar, K, from which a trapeze- 1 J port to an aeronaut, who mayQhowever', be

supported on or in any suitablestructureheld to the pendulum, the trapeze being preferred as a light strong support, offering little resist ance to the air, and hence having little'effect to disturb the movements of the aerial plane aboveit. V V t A bar, M,is pivotally connected at one end,

by a pin, m, to the upper end or part of the pendulum I, and this bar, as shown, projects 7 through'the mainsail Aandis connected piv-' otally at n to the end of an arm, N, which is fixed to the tail cross-bar G and-project's upward therefrom. lVith this construction any deviation in general plane of the mains'ail A will, through the medium ofthe partsG N M Lei; once act on, the tailB' to raise or lower its outer end, or set it at proper incline to. au=

effect of the wind-currents on the sails, to as- 9 ,tomatically bring the mainsail and the entire machine into proper adjustment for the best sure true, easy, andproper flight of the machine.

A rudder, O, is-pivoted by its post 0 at the? back end of the plate 0, and the body of. the

rudder normally extends aft of the post, like a shipsrudder, as most clearly shownin Figs. Ico

1 and 2 of the drawings. A laterally-extend ing' cross-bar, P, is fixed at its center tothe rudder post, and ropes R -lt,. connected to op:

posite ends of the bar 1?, are conducted to the trapeze, where the aeronant may handle them as tiller-ropes to adjust the rudder for steering onal course as controlled by the rudder.

A rope, S, connected to the forward end or part of the plate 0, or it may be to the crossbar D, also leads to the trapeze and in reach of the aeronant, who may, by pulling on it and the rudderropes, give any desired incline to the mainsail to set it in a proper plane for the best propelling effect of the wind on it. A rope, S, may be connected to the back end of the plate 0, as shown in dottedlines in Fig. 1, or to the mainsail-frame, to be used with the forward rope, S, to adjust the aerial plane, as last above described, instead of using the rudder-ropes for this purpose.

Any suitable or necessary framework of rods or cords other than those above named may be used to support the area of the sails A B, which may be attached to their frame in any approved way. The mean relative positions or planes of the sails A B may be regulated or controlled at will by shifting the pivotpin J to hang the pendulum I from or at either of the holes a in the plate 0, and by shifting the pivot a into any one of a series of holes, a, in the rod M, and it may be also by shifting the pivot m to any one of a series of holes, m, made in the rod M.

It will be noticed that the least deviation of the mainsail A from its normal plane will, through thecompound lever M N, be instantly felt and responded to by the back-sail or tail B, which thus will correct tendencies to wild flight of the machine by automatically holding the mainsail to its proper plane, and the machine will be self-supporting in a light windsay of ten miles or more per hourand when once raised by a kite or otherwise and cut loose the machine will of itself perform the evolutions. of a soaring bird and rise to any altitude.

The machine may also be made and used as a toy, and as such will afford amusement to many persons.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-- 1. A flying-machine constructed with an aerial plane comprising a mainsail and a back or tail sail connected pivotal] y thereto, a pendulum-bar pivotally connected to the mainsail, and a lever connecting the pendulum and tailsail, substantially as shown and described,

whereby a deviation of the mainsail will be responded to by the tail, as and for the purposes herein set forth.

2. A fiyingmachine constructed with an aerial plane comprising a mainsail and a tailsail pivoted thereto, a pendulum-bar carrying a support for an aeronant and connected pivotally to the mainsail, a lever connecting the pendulum and taitsail, and cords leading from thefront and rear parts of the mainsail to the aeronant, substantially as described, for the purposes set forth.

3. A flying-machine constructed with an aerial plane comprising a mainsail, a tail-sail pivoted thereto, a pendulum-bar carrying a support for the aeronant and connected pivotally to the mainsail, a lever connecting the pendulum and the tail-sail, a rudder pivoted to the mainsail, and ropes connected to the rudder and leading to the aeronaut, snbstantially as described, for the purposes set forth.

4. The combination, in a flying-machine, of a mainsail, atail-sail pivoted thereto, a pendulum-bar connected pivotally to the mainsail, and a lever connecting the pendulum and tailsail,and said mainsail being formed with a front wind-pocket, a, substantially as described, for the purposes set forth.

5. The combination, in a flying-machine, of

a mainsail, A, a plate, 0, connected thereto, a tail-sail, B, pivoted by a bar, G, to the plate 0, a pendulum, I, pivoted to the plate 0, an arm, N, fixed to the bar G, anda rod, M, pivotally connecting the parts I N, substantially as described, for the purposes set forth.

YVILLIAM BEESON.

XVitnesses:

JOHNNY. BALL, A. BROWN.

US376937A Teeeitoey Expired - Lifetime US376937A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3108768A (en) * 1960-10-12 1963-10-29 Thomas William Coelho Aircraft with high lift airfoil construction

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3108768A (en) * 1960-10-12 1963-10-29 Thomas William Coelho Aircraft with high lift airfoil construction

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