US3767895A - Portable electric radiant space heating panel - Google Patents

Portable electric radiant space heating panel Download PDF

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Publication number
US3767895A
US3767895A US3767895DA US3767895A US 3767895 A US3767895 A US 3767895A US 3767895D A US3767895D A US 3767895DA US 3767895 A US3767895 A US 3767895A
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Prior art keywords
panel
heating
back
reflector
heating panel
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Expired - Lifetime
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R Needham
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INFRA RED CIRCUITS AND CONTROLS
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INFRA RED CIRCUITS AND CONTROLS
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24COTHER DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C7/00Stoves or ranges heated by electrical energy
    • F24C7/04Stoves or ranges heated by electrical energy with heat radiated directly from the heating element
    • F24C7/043Stoves

Abstract

A portable electric heater includes side supports which hold a metallic heating panel having a front face provided with a decorative baked enamel design. The rear face of the heating panel has an insulative coating having a resistive heating grid deposited thereon which is connected to a source of current through a switch. A protective panel are spaced, respectively, from the front and rear of the heating panel. A sheet metal back panel is secured to the side supports in spaced relation to the rear of the reflector panel. Convection air currents flow through the space between the heating panel and reflector panel and between the reflector panel and back panel to supply some heating air and to keep the heater relatively cool for safety.

Description

[ Oct. 23, 1973 United States Patent 1191 Needham PORTABLE ELECTRIC RADIANT SPACE 7575 7474 3333 l/l/ 9999 Sllll N2222 m T A m m m L m P .n P um A Tm "m m R mfimv, o i m m m m N Ada o CCGG T A8032 P6655 9999 NHHHH 0063?. l m

28 3682 F 709 9033 7678 N k c 0 m V. V a C B N m f 8 Ba h md d e n e .1 N Cm d M L m. L E n N e an. b rr A 0 mo P R [C G m m e T t n A n .m E w H h A ll 3 7 7 Primary Examiner-A. Bartis AttorneyDouglas W. Wyatt [22] Filed: Dec. 1, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 203,575

ABSTRACT m m Wtl U3 8 g .m m m h w] dm a do. .m n i m me h C H nm me em 1 a Ed m mh r oh k h Aw 8 5 2Mm4 /33 9 1 .2 2 4 3 7 6 ,9 M3263 /03 9 1 9 1 152. wm m B3 m 9 n 9 H" 2 m mimm mm MW mm m MM m m emf s mm UZIF ll 2 l8 5 .1 [rl uedt n n .w mm a fl @0 SAJ-C flm f m 0 n aqme n .16 eS r. d..% u e new Hdm nt wo Wwh mm m t t OaflC i d an cro m C Mf k w e MCWF a h df v mw w .m 6 mm m h fTct through a switch. A protective panel are spaced, re- References Cited spectively, from the front and rear of the heating UNITED STATES PATENTS panel. A sheet metal back panel is secured to the side 219/354 X supports in spaced relation to the rear of the reflector panel. Convection air currents flow through the space 3,108,170 Murphy 2,613,308 10/1952 LaMirand............

. l elo b Wm d m W a nlm ae Pn rm... 0 e t t cka ec fl Mh w e m aP a w ee M m PP r now i mm." .m 6g m te av. u en m w 5 a w mr. 55 8 44 6 3353 //4/ 99 9 11 1 2292 u MS a mmm nOhe n d .wy n e e ERNP 1901 7665 9999 1111 0762 1 1 3377 2 02 ,3 2399 537 1 ,9 3322 2,717,950 9 1955 Nathanson..... ..219/345 2,770,704 11/1956 Razlag...................

.. 219/345 3 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PORTABLE ELECTRIC RADIANT SPACE HEATING PANEL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Electrical space heaters have long been used for heating, particularly for supplementing the regular heating system in a home or place of business. In one type of electrical heater a band or wire is heated to incandescence by electricity and air is passed over the hot wire or band either by a fan or by convection air currents. Such heaters may present a tire danger as their wire or band, and often their casing, is at a high temperature. In addition, they may not be efficient as they heat the air in the room rather than the people in the room by radiation and the excessive air currents they cause may stir up dust and allergenic particles.

Another type of electric heater is called a radiant heater because the heat is transmitted primarily by infra-red radiation. In one type of radient heater a pattern (grid) of electrical resistor lines are etched on a tempered glass panel and the resistor lines are connected, by wires, to a source of household a.c. current. Some radiant heaters also provide some heating of air by flow of the air over parts of the heater. One drawback of radiant heaters is their appearance. The resistor lines must be of a certain width and spaced a certain distance apart for proper functioning. For example, to provide 3,500 BTUs of heat per hour, a glass panel l-l feet by 2-% feet may be required. Such a large apparatus, in which persons see only a patterned glass, is not particularly attractive. In addition, the glass presents the danger of breakage, which is particularly disadvantageous in portable units.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a portable electrical heater which is attractive in appearance, relatively efficient, safe in operation and may be carried from place to place without being damaged. The heater includes side supports which hold a metal heating panel. The front of the heating panel is a decorative baked enameled colored picture intended to be viewed by persons in the room. The back of the heating panel has an insulative coating and, upon the insulation, there is a heating element consisting of a metallic electrical resistant grid. The grid is connected to wires which lead, through a switch, to a current source. The heater also includes a protective metal grill and a reflector panel which are spaced, respectively from the front and rear of the heating panel. A sheet metal housing is secured to side supports and arranged so that air is drawn, by convection air currents, through the space between the heater panel and the reflector panel and also through a space between the housing and the reflecting panel to supply some heating air and to keep the heater relatively cool for fire prevention and to provide a heater that may be readily moved at any time without the danger of burning the user upon accidental contact with the frame of the heater.

OBJECTIVES OF THE INVENTION It is the objective of the present invention to provide an electric heater which: (a) is safe to use because the heat of its housing and heating panel are relatively low and below the kindling point of almost all the matrials they may acciden-tally contact and may be readily transported at any time without the danger of burning the user upon accidental contact with the frame of the heater; (b) provides an aesthetically pleasing, ornamental and decorative effect in a room; (c) is relatively steady and may be moved and shipped without great danger of breakage because it does not use a glass panel; ((1) is relatively efficient because it heats primarily by radiation and yet also provides some heating by convection air currents; and (e) may be used with any source of household a.c. current.

Other and further objectives of the present invention will be apparent upon an understanding of the illustrative embodiment described below or will be apparent to one skilled in the art upon employment of tlie invention in practice.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A preferred embodiment has been chosen for describing and illustrating the principles of the present invention and is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the radiant heater according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a bottom elevational view of the radiant heater of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line 44 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line 55 of FIG. 4; and

FIG. 6 is an enlarged partial view, which is a sectional view, taken along line 6-6 of FIG. 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring to the drawings, the portable heater shown therein is particularly adapted for use in a household or other room where it will be exposed to view. The heater is portable and equipped with legs so that it stands freely on the floor adjacent items of furniture or the like.

The radiant heater 10 includes a first end support 11 and spaced thereto a second end support 12. The end supports are preferably made as metal castings. Each of the end supports 11 and 12 have two supporting legs adapted to sit on the floor with rubber protective cups 13 covering the ends of the legs to protect an underlying rug or polished floor. A sheet metal housing 14 is held between the end supports 11 and 12 and the top flange of the housing 15 has attached thereto an illuminated on-off switch 16 and a handle 17.

As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the housing 14 has a back panel 18 which is formed integrally with a top flange 15 and a bottom flange 19. The bottom flange has a series of elongated openings 20 through which convection air currents pass in an upwards direction to keep the heater body relatively cool for ready transport and fire prevention. A chrome plated protective grill 21 has generally vertically arranged stiff rod members 22 which are molded to horizontally positioned stiff rod members 23. This grill is used to protect users from accidentally touching the heating panel 24 and to prevent objects from striking against it. The two end vertical stiff rod members 22 each have an integral inwardly turned horizontal portion 25 whose end 26 turns up and fits in a hole in the bottom flange 19 of the metal housing. Similarly, the top inwardly turned horizontal portions 27 of the two end stiff metal rods are turned down at ends 28 and fit within matching holes in the top flange 15 of the sheet metal housing.

An upraised lip 30 of the sheet metal housing 14 is used to mount the heating panel 24 at its lower edge.

At its upper edge the heating panel 24 is held within a groove formed by a turned-back edge 31 of the front flange 32 of the sheet metal housing 14.

As shown in FIGS. 4 and the sheet metal heating panel 24 is of sheet metal which is approximately onesixteenth of an inch thick. This thickness is appropriate for a heater having a surface area of 1- feet by 2-% feet. This size of heater, constructed according to the present invention, will produce about 3,400 BTUs per hour and consume 1,000 watts of power (8-/& amps) operating from a household 1 l0-vo1t a.c. source of current.

Advantageously the heating panel 24 has a-decorative and ornamental picture on its front surface 33 such as the representation of an enameled painting of a boat, landscape or other scene. The enameled painting may be formed by silk screening the different colors on the front surface with glazing material held in a liquid suspension and then heating the panel to dry off the liquid solvent andto fusethe glazing materials to the underlying metal panel.

After the picture is formed on the front surface, a

protective insulative coating is formed on the back surface of the panel. Preferably the insulative coating 34 is an insulating enamel having a thickness of 0.001 to 0.002 inches after drying and baking. A patterened grid 35of heating'elements is formed on top of the insulating coating 34 forming an electrical resistor heating element. Wires 47 and 46 lead from a source of household current (not shown) to the ends of the conductive grid 35.

A reflective sheet metal baffle 45, preferably of shiny aluminum sheet metal, is positioned between the back of the sheet metal heating panel 24 and the front of the back panel '18 of the sheet metal housing 14. The front face of baffle 45, which faces the back of the heating panel, reflects infra-red radiation which it receives from the grid 35 back onto the heating panel 24 and helps heat the panel 24. The panel 24 is thus advantageously heated by the grid 35 and by heat reflected back from the baffle 45 so that most of the heat produced will be radiated from the front or decorated side of the heating panel 24 which will be placed to face the user orthe part of the room to be heated. The sheet metal baffle 45 is of the same area as the heating panel 24. The bottom 37 of thebaffle 45 is turned upward and held withinithe groove formed by a bottom supporting clamp 38. A similar top support clamp 41 holds the top of the baffle 45."

The bottom and top clamps 38 and 41 are integral with the support casting 12, similar clamps being provided on support 11. A fastening means, such as screw 39, connectes an angle clip 38 to the end support 12 and the angle clip is riveted to the sheet metal housing 18. Similarly a fastening means, such as screw 40, con nects the support casting 12 to an angle clip 49 which is riveted to the top flange 15. As shown in FIG. 6 the side edges of the sheet metal housing 14 are held in grooves (slots) of the end support castings 11 and 12.

As shown in FIG. 3, convection air enters through the openings 20in the bottom of the heater and flows upward both in front of and in back of the sheet metal baffle 45. The air passes over the heating panel 24 and baffie 45, thereby cooling the heating panel and baffle and becoming heated. The air exits from the heater through I the openings 43 and 44 which are, respectively, be-

tween the turned-over edge of the front flange 32 and a top flange 42 of the baffle 45 and between that flange 42 and the lip 31 of the metal housing, which holds the top of the heating panel 24. This heated convection air passing between the heating panel 24 and baffle 45 helps to heat the room. While the convection'air passing between the back panel 18 and the reflective baffle 45 also aids in heating the room,'the primary function of this later flow of convection air is to keep the temperature of the heater body relatively cool and not more than 10 F. above the room temperature. To accomplish this end the space between the back panel 18 and the baffle 45 is made at least l-% times the space between the baffle 45 and the heating panel 24. In addition the back panel 18, the baffle 45 and heating panel 24 converge toward each other from bottom to top to enhance the flow of convection air.

What is claimed is:

1. An electrical heater including a radiant heating panel; a back panel; and reflector panel disposed between said heating and back panels; said heating panel being a metal sheet having a front face witha decorative design thereon and a rear face with an insulating enamel coating withan electrically resistive heating grid formedthereon; support means holding said three panels in spaced converging relationship from bottom to top to enhance the upward flow of convection air through the heater; said support means including side support members carrying clamps to support said rehousing with an open front face, and said. radiant heat- 1 ing panel being supported vby said top and bottom flanges of said back panel and positioned in, the open front of said housing with the front face of said radiant heating panel exposed through said open front; said back panel bottom flange having openings therein communicating with a first converging air passage formed between said reflector panel and said back panel and with a second converging air passage formed between said radiant heating panel and said reflector panel; and wherein the upper end of said first converging air passage is formed by the horizontal top flange of said 'back panel and the upper surface of a horizontal flange on said reflector panel, said horizontal top'flange of said back panel and said upper surface providing a generally horizontal upper air passage directing the flow of air out through an opening disposed in the front of the housing above the heating panel; the upper end of said second converging air passage being formed by the under surface of said top flange of said reflector panel, said under surface of said top flange being generally horizontal and directing the flow of air out through an opening disposed in the front of the housing above the heating panel; and wherein said side support members form the side walls of said first and second converging air passages.

2. The electrical heater of claim 1 wherein said support members each have grooves within which are fitted the ends of said back panel.

3. The electrical heater of claim 1 having a protective grill secured to said back panel, said grill being spaced from the front face of said heating panel.

Claims (3)

1. An electrical heater including a radiant heating panel; a back panel; and a reflector panel disposed between said heating and back panels; said heating panel being a metal sheet having a front face with a decorative design thereon and a rear face with an insulating enamel coating with an electrically resistive heating grid formed thereon; support means holding said three panels in spaced converging relationship from bottom to top to enhance the upward flow of convection air through the heater; said support means including side support members carrying clamps to support said reflector panel and wherein said back panel is secured to said side support members; said back plate having a bottom and a horizontal top flange thereby defining a housing with an open front face, and said radiant heating panel being supported by said top and bottom flanges of said back panel and positioned in the open front of said housing with the front face of said radiant heating panel exposed through said open front; said back panel bottom flange having openings therein communicating with a first converging air passage formed between said reflector panel and said back panel and with a second converging air passage formed between said radiant heating panel and said reflector panel; and wherein the upper end of said first converging air passage is formed by the horizontal top flange of said back panel and the upper surface of a horizontal top flange on said reflector panel, said horizontal top flange of said back panel and said upper surface providing a generally horizontal upper air passage directing the flow of air out through an opening disposed in the front of the housing above the heating panel; the upper end of said second converging air passage being formed by the under surface of said top flange of said reflector panel, said under surface of said top flange being generally horizontal and directing the flow of air out through an opening disposed in the front of the housing above the heating panel; and wherein said side support members form the side walls of said first and second converging air passages.
2. The electrical heater of claim 1 wherein said support members each have grooves within which are fitted the ends of said back panel.
3. The electrical heater of claim 1 having a protective grill secured to said back panel, said grill being spaced from the front face of said heating panel.
US3767895D 1971-12-01 1971-12-01 Portable electric radiant space heating panel Expired - Lifetime US3767895A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4962641U (en) * 1972-09-09 1974-06-01
JPS5190743A (en) * 1975-02-08 1976-08-09
JPS5196157A (en) * 1974-04-11 1976-08-23
US5263114A (en) * 1990-11-13 1993-11-16 Sertim Teval Ceiling element for regulating temperature
WO1998026220A1 (en) * 1996-12-09 1998-06-18 Cadif S.R.L. Multi-purpose electrothermic radiating panel-type item of furniture
EP0959304A2 (en) * 1998-05-20 1999-11-24 Carney, Michael Francis A heater
US6480672B1 (en) * 2001-03-07 2002-11-12 Holmes Group, Inc. Flat panel heater
FR2850737A1 (en) 2003-02-04 2004-08-06 Fondis Sa Mobile electrical heater for rooms, has two heating boards disposed back to back and delimited by divider space heated by front faces of boards or by counter-boards to form convection chimney for hot air
US20050175329A1 (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-08-11 Chuan-Pan Huang Convectional radial electric warmer
EP1798478A1 (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-06-20 Miguel Marin Camara Double-sided portable heater
US20080056694A1 (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-03-06 Richard Cooper Radiant heater
US20080217324A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2008-09-11 Abbott Richard C Gas heating apparatus and methods
US20090285567A1 (en) * 2006-11-01 2009-11-19 Searle Bruce R Infrared room heater system
US20090297132A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-12-03 Abbott Richard C Radiant heating using heater coatings
US20100329649A1 (en) * 2009-05-07 2010-12-30 Gary Joseph Potter Infra-red heater assembly
US20110188838A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2011-08-04 Thermoceramix, Inc. Radiant heating using heater coatings
US20120033952A1 (en) * 2010-08-06 2012-02-09 Dyson Technology Limited Fan assembly
US20130071716A1 (en) * 2011-09-16 2013-03-21 General Electric Company Thermal management device
US20140057033A1 (en) * 2011-09-13 2014-02-27 Conair Corporation Brewed beverage appliance and method
US8932028B2 (en) 2009-03-04 2015-01-13 Dyson Technology Limited Fan assembly
US20150125134A1 (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-07 Jin Yih Shyang Enterprise Co., Ltd. Heat-resistant electric heater
US9822778B2 (en) 2012-04-19 2017-11-21 Dyson Technology Limited Fan assembly
US10145583B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2018-12-04 Dyson Technology Limited Heating apparatus

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US2579127A (en) * 1946-01-07 1951-12-18 Prendergast Richard Samuel Heater
DE831121C (en) * 1946-09-03 1952-02-11 Saint Gobain electrical Heating
US2613308A (en) * 1950-03-16 1952-10-07 Glassheat Inc Radiant heater and tray
US2717950A (en) * 1954-04-30 1955-09-13 Nathanson Max Electrical-resistance space heaters
GB739388A (en) * 1953-02-25 1955-10-26 Raymond Berry Improvements in and relating to electric heaters for rooms and the like
US2770704A (en) * 1951-01-31 1956-11-13 Continental Radiant Glass Heat Radiant heaters
US2939807A (en) * 1956-06-29 1960-06-07 Thermway Ind Inc Method of making a heating panel
CA600562A (en) * 1960-06-28 W. Razlag Emil Electric heating panel
US3108170A (en) * 1958-02-17 1963-10-22 Maxwell K Murphy Heating element
CA797359A (en) * 1968-10-22 Roder Properties Limited Radiant-convection baseboard electric heater
US3453413A (en) * 1965-12-10 1969-07-01 Aztec Ind Inc Rough surface radiant heater
US3612823A (en) * 1970-01-08 1971-10-12 Mearl E Ellison Combined decorative picture and electric room-heating device

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA600562A (en) * 1960-06-28 W. Razlag Emil Electric heating panel
CA797359A (en) * 1968-10-22 Roder Properties Limited Radiant-convection baseboard electric heater
US2579127A (en) * 1946-01-07 1951-12-18 Prendergast Richard Samuel Heater
DE831121C (en) * 1946-09-03 1952-02-11 Saint Gobain electrical Heating
US2613308A (en) * 1950-03-16 1952-10-07 Glassheat Inc Radiant heater and tray
US2770704A (en) * 1951-01-31 1956-11-13 Continental Radiant Glass Heat Radiant heaters
GB739388A (en) * 1953-02-25 1955-10-26 Raymond Berry Improvements in and relating to electric heaters for rooms and the like
US2717950A (en) * 1954-04-30 1955-09-13 Nathanson Max Electrical-resistance space heaters
US2939807A (en) * 1956-06-29 1960-06-07 Thermway Ind Inc Method of making a heating panel
US3108170A (en) * 1958-02-17 1963-10-22 Maxwell K Murphy Heating element
US3453413A (en) * 1965-12-10 1969-07-01 Aztec Ind Inc Rough surface radiant heater
US3612823A (en) * 1970-01-08 1971-10-12 Mearl E Ellison Combined decorative picture and electric room-heating device

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4962641U (en) * 1972-09-09 1974-06-01
JPS5196157A (en) * 1974-04-11 1976-08-23
US4031353A (en) * 1974-04-11 1977-06-21 Empresa De Representaciones Unidas, S.A. (Erusa) Electric radiant heater
JPS5190743A (en) * 1975-02-08 1976-08-09
US5263114A (en) * 1990-11-13 1993-11-16 Sertim Teval Ceiling element for regulating temperature
WO1998026220A1 (en) * 1996-12-09 1998-06-18 Cadif S.R.L. Multi-purpose electrothermic radiating panel-type item of furniture
EP0959304A2 (en) * 1998-05-20 1999-11-24 Carney, Michael Francis A heater
EP0959304A3 (en) * 1998-05-20 2001-03-07 Carney, Michael Francis A heater
US6480672B1 (en) * 2001-03-07 2002-11-12 Holmes Group, Inc. Flat panel heater
FR2850737A1 (en) 2003-02-04 2004-08-06 Fondis Sa Mobile electrical heater for rooms, has two heating boards disposed back to back and delimited by divider space heated by front faces of boards or by counter-boards to form convection chimney for hot air
US20050175329A1 (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-08-11 Chuan-Pan Huang Convectional radial electric warmer
US6965731B2 (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-11-15 Chuan-Pan Huang Convectional radial electric warmer
EP1798478A1 (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-06-20 Miguel Marin Camara Double-sided portable heater
ES2281272A1 (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-09-16 Miguel Marin Camara double-sided portable heater.
US20080056694A1 (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-03-06 Richard Cooper Radiant heater
US8467668B2 (en) * 2006-11-01 2013-06-18 Acepower Logistics, Inc. Infrared room heater system
US20090285567A1 (en) * 2006-11-01 2009-11-19 Searle Bruce R Infrared room heater system
US8428445B2 (en) 2007-02-20 2013-04-23 Thermoceramix, Inc. Gas heating apparatus and methods
US8588592B2 (en) 2007-02-20 2013-11-19 Thermoceramix Inc. Gas heating methods
US20080217324A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2008-09-11 Abbott Richard C Gas heating apparatus and methods
US20110127251A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2011-06-02 Thermoceramix Inc. Gas heating apparatus
US20110129203A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2011-06-02 Thermoceramix Inc. Room heating apparatus and methods
US20110129620A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2011-06-02 Thermoceramix Inc. Gas heating methods
US20110120987A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2011-05-26 Thermoceramix Inc. Substrate for a heater assembly and method of manufacture thereof
US8306408B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2012-11-06 Thermoceramix Inc. Radiant heating using heater coatings
US20110188838A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2011-08-04 Thermoceramix, Inc. Radiant heating using heater coatings
US20090297132A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-12-03 Abbott Richard C Radiant heating using heater coatings
US8932028B2 (en) 2009-03-04 2015-01-13 Dyson Technology Limited Fan assembly
US9599368B2 (en) 2009-03-04 2017-03-21 Dyson Technology Limited Nozzle for bladeless fan assembly with heater
US20100329649A1 (en) * 2009-05-07 2010-12-30 Gary Joseph Potter Infra-red heater assembly
US8693855B2 (en) * 2009-05-07 2014-04-08 Cambridge Engineering, Inc Infra-red heater assembly
US8873940B2 (en) * 2010-08-06 2014-10-28 Dyson Technology Limited Fan assembly
US20120033952A1 (en) * 2010-08-06 2012-02-09 Dyson Technology Limited Fan assembly
US20140057033A1 (en) * 2011-09-13 2014-02-27 Conair Corporation Brewed beverage appliance and method
US8978541B2 (en) * 2011-09-13 2015-03-17 Conair Corporation Brewed beverage appliance and method
US20130071716A1 (en) * 2011-09-16 2013-03-21 General Electric Company Thermal management device
US10145583B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2018-12-04 Dyson Technology Limited Heating apparatus
US9822778B2 (en) 2012-04-19 2017-11-21 Dyson Technology Limited Fan assembly
US20150125134A1 (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-07 Jin Yih Shyang Enterprise Co., Ltd. Heat-resistant electric heater

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