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US3765804A - Apparatus for producing variable high frequency vibrations in a liquid medium - Google Patents

Apparatus for producing variable high frequency vibrations in a liquid medium Download PDF

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Publication number
US3765804A
US3765804A US3765804DA US3765804A US 3765804 A US3765804 A US 3765804A US 3765804D A US3765804D A US 3765804DA US 3765804 A US3765804 A US 3765804A
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means
piston
medium
connecting
energy
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C Brandon
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N A Hardin 1977 Trust N A Hardin Trustee
NEWTON C
HARDIN N
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BRANDON O
NEWTON C
HARDIN N
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B11/00Equalisation of pulses, e.g. by use of air vessels; Counteracting cavitation
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B28/00Vibration generating arrangements for boreholes or wells, e.g. for stimulating production
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/003Vibrating earth formations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/16Enhanced recovery methods for obtaining hydrocarbons
    • E21B43/166Injecting a gaseous medium; Injecting a gaseous medium and a liquid medium
    • E21B43/168Injecting a gaseous medium
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/32Preventing gas- or water- coning phenomena, i.e. the formation of a conical column of gas or water around wells
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B49/00Control, e.g. of pump delivery, or pump pressure of, or safety measures for, machines, pumps, or pumping installations, not otherwise provided for, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B49/12Control, e.g. of pump delivery, or pump pressure of, or safety measures for, machines, pumps, or pumping installations, not otherwise provided for, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B47/00 by varying the length of stroke of the working members
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/10Valves; Arrangement of valves
    • F04B53/12Valves; Arrangement of valves arranged in or on pistons
    • F04B53/125Reciprocating valves
    • F04B53/129Poppet valves

Abstract

Apparatus and methods to form and utilize pulsating fluid pressures in oil well formation treating of producing wells or as a part of secondary or tertiary recovery processes. Self induced or artificially induced liquid-gas phase changes occur in-situ which are utilized to selectively and variably treat oil wells including but not limited to fracturing, temporary or permanent plugging, cementing, drilling, water block and cone prevention, control over the driving and/or driven fluids in primary, secondary or tertiary recovery techniques.

Description

' United States Patent [1 1 Brandon 1 1 APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING VARIABLE HIGH FREQUENCY VIBRATIONS IN A LIQUID MEDIUM [75] Inventor: Clarence W. Brandon, Tulsa, Okla.

[73] Assignees: Orpha B. Brandon, Tulsa, Okla.; N.

A. Hardin; Catherine H. Newton; Hazel H. Wright, Forsyth, Ga. part interest to each [22] Filed: Jan. 23, 1967 [21] Appl. No.: 611,082

Related US. Application Data [52] US. Cl 417/540, 417/240, 417/552 [51] Int. Cl. F04b 11/00, F04f 7/00, F04b 21/04 [58] Field of Search 103/37 A, 38, 223,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,590,766 1/1926 Lipmann 230/190 1,682,570 8/1928 Holveck 103/37 [4 1 Oct. 16, 1973 1,842,785 1/1932 Hubbard 74/589 2,047,419 7/1936 Lee 74/589 2,312,979 3/1943 Reynolds... 103/205 2,597,050 5/1952 Audemar... 103/223 X 2,711,697 6/1955 Gibbs 103/223 2,773,455 12/1956 Mercier 103/223 2,359,960 10/1944 Anderson... 103/38 2,771,845 11/1956 Eagan 103/206 2,934,025 4/1960 Wilson 103/223 3,259,076 7/1966 Halberg et a1. 103/38 3,446,156 5/1969 Lightfoot 103/178 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 450,347 9/1935 Great Britain 103/37 Primary Examiner-William L. Freeh [57] ABSTRACT Apparatus and methods to form and utilize pulsating fluid pressures in oil well formation treating of producing wells or as a part of secondary or tertiary recovery processes. Self induced or artificially induced liquid-gas phase changes occur in-situ which are utilized to selectively and variably treat oil wells including but not limited to fracturing, temporary or permanent plugging, cementing, drilling, water block and cone prevention, control over the driving and/or driven fluids in primary, secondary or tertiary recovery techniques.

10 Claims, 44 Drawing Figures PATENTEUBIII 16 1973 Clarence W. Bra/mam IN VEN TOR.

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C/aren as W. Brandon IN VEN TOR.

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PATENTED OCT 1 8 I973 SHEET (18 0F Zfi INVENTOR.

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sum 08 or 24 Clarence W Brandon IN VEN TOR.

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Claims (10)

1. A generator of energy transmitting waves in a liquid medium comprising a reciprocating pulsator having direct contact with said medium during generation of compression and rarefaction phases of said energy waves, a pair of drive shafts, a guide, a slide mounted upon said guide for rectilinear reciprocation and connected to said pulsator, a rocker pivoted at its midportion upon said slide for reciprocation therewity, a pair of connecting rods each connected to one of said drive shafts, means adjustably pivoting each connecting rod to one end of said rocker and thereby varying the axis of the pivotal connection from the rocker axis of pivotal connection to said slide, means for driving one of said drive shafts and a driving connection between said shafts for varying the angular relation therebetween and thereby varying the movement imparted by the rocker to said pulsator.
2. A generator of energy transmitting waves in a liquid medium comprising a reciprocating pulsator having direct contact with said medium during generation of compression and rarefaction phases of said energy waves, a pair of crankshafts, a guide, a slide mounted upon said guide for rectilinear reciprocation and connected to said pulsator, a rocker pivoted at its midportion upon said slide and reciprocable therewith, a pair of connecting rods each pivoted to a crankshaft and to one end of said rocker, means for causing rotation of one crankshaft, means interconnecting said crankshafts, means for varying the phase relation of said crankshafts whereby to independently vary the motion imparted by each crankshaft to said rocker and slide, an eccentric pivot connecting each connecting rod to said rocker and operable to vary the effective length of its rocker arm.
3. A generator of energy transmitting waves in a liquid medium comprising a reciprocating pulsator in direct contact with said medium, a pair of drive shafts, a reciprocatory counterbalance weight, a pair of guides, a slide mounted on each of said guides and connected one to said pulsator and the other to said counterbalance weight, a pair of rockers each pivoted at its mid-portion to one of said slides for reciprocation therewith, each rocker having a pair of connecting rods connecting it to both of said crankshafts, means for driving one of said crankshafts, means interconnecting said crankshafts, means for varying the phase relation of said crankshafts, adjustable means pivoting said connecting rods to said rockers whereby to vary the effective length of the rocker arms, said adjusting means for said counterbalance weight rocker being operable to proportion the counterbalance stroke to compensate for variations in the pulsator stroke.
4. An assembly for generating an energy wave having compression and rarefaction phases within an energy wave transmitting medium, comprising a working cylinder and a counterbalance cylinder each having a piston reciprocable therein, a source of power, means connecting each piston to said source of power for reciprocation thereby, said counterbalance piston being of such mass and disposed at such phase relation to said working piston as to balance the momentum of the latter and its associated connecting means, including pressure equalizing means for applying the pressure at the working piston output to the counterbalance piston.
5. An assembly for generating an energy wave having compression and rarefaction phases within an energy wave transmitting medium, comprising a working cylinder and a counterbalance cylinder each having a piston reciprocable therein, a source of power, means connecting each piston to said source of power for reciprocation thereby, saiD counterbalance piston being of such mass and disposed at such phase relation to said working piston as to balance the momentum of the latter and its associated connecting means, including means for storing energy into the counterbalance piston by fluid pressure from the working piston on its working stroke whereby to obtain a flywheel effect from the counterbalance piston.
6. An assembly for generating an energy wave having compression and rarefaction phases within an energy wave transmitting medium, comprising a working cylinder and a counterbalance cylinder each having a piston reciprocable therein, a source of power, means connecting each piston to said source of power for reciprocation thereby, said counterbalance piston being of such mass and disposed at such phase relation to said working piston as to balance the momentum of the latter and its associated connecting means, including adjusting means in the means connecting each piston to said source of power for varying the resultant thrust of one piston upon the other whereby to maintain the pistons balanced despite variations in their strokes.
7. A generator of energy transmitting waves in a liquid medium comprising a pump cylinder having communication with a liquid medium and a reciprocating pump piston having direct contact with said medium during generation of compression and rarefaction phases of said energy waves, means for reciprocating said pump whereby to generate an energy transmitting wave in said medium, pressure means for loading said pump cylinder to augment the waves including a pressure chamber communicating with the latter rearwardly of the piston, and means for maintaining pressure in said pressure chamber.
8. The combination of claim 7 wherein said piston has a one-way valve in its head, means for introducing fluid into said piston rearwardly of said valve and for discharging fluid through said valve when a relative rarefaction exists in the fluid medium adjacent the valve.
9. The combination of claim 7 wherein said piston has a one-way valve in its head, means for introducing fluid into said piston rearwardly of said valve and for discharging fluid through said valve when a relative rarefaction exists in the fluid medium adjacent the valve, said pressure chamber communicating with said means for introducing fluid.
10. The combination of claim 7 wherein said pressure chamber has an expansible bag therein for imposing pressure upon the liquid medium within said pressure chamber, said pressure maintaining means including a source of fluid under pressure having communication with the interior of said expansible bag.
US3765804A 1951-08-13 1967-01-23 Apparatus for producing variable high frequency vibrations in a liquid medium Expired - Lifetime US3765804A (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2796129A US2796129A (en) 1951-08-13 1951-08-13 Oil recovery process
US2866509A US2866509A (en) 1952-06-27 1952-06-27 Apparatus for treating oil bearing formations
US3302720A US3302720A (en) 1957-06-17 1957-06-17 Energy wave fractureing of formations
US61108267 true 1967-01-23 1967-01-23

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US3765804A true US3765804A (en) 1973-10-16

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Cited By (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4945986A (en) * 1989-06-21 1990-08-07 N.A. Hardin 1977 Trust, N.A. Hardin, Trustee Constant head pump for sonic wave generator used in treating subsurface formations
US5351754A (en) * 1989-06-21 1994-10-04 N. A. Hardin 1977 Trust Apparatus and method to cause fatigue failure of subterranean formations
US20040256097A1 (en) * 2003-06-23 2004-12-23 Byrd Audis C. Surface pulse system for injection wells
US20050194137A1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2005-09-08 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of using partitioned, coated particulates
US6978836B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2005-12-27 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for controlling water and particulate production
US7013976B2 (en) 2003-06-25 2006-03-21 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Compositions and methods for consolidating unconsolidated subterranean formations
US7017665B2 (en) 2003-08-26 2006-03-28 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Strengthening near well bore subterranean formations
US7021379B2 (en) 2003-07-07 2006-04-04 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and compositions for enhancing consolidation strength of proppant in subterranean fractures
US7032667B2 (en) 2003-09-10 2006-04-25 Halliburtonn Energy Services, Inc. Methods for enhancing the consolidation strength of resin coated particulates
US7059406B2 (en) 2003-08-26 2006-06-13 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Production-enhancing completion methods
US7063150B2 (en) 2003-11-25 2006-06-20 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for preparing slurries of coated particulates
US7066258B2 (en) 2003-07-08 2006-06-27 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Reduced-density proppants and methods of using reduced-density proppants to enhance their transport in well bores and fractures
US7073581B2 (en) 2004-06-15 2006-07-11 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Electroconductive proppant compositions and related methods
US7114570B2 (en) 2003-04-07 2006-10-03 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and compositions for stabilizing unconsolidated subterranean formations
US7114560B2 (en) 2003-06-23 2006-10-03 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for enhancing treatment fluid placement in a subterranean formation
US7131493B2 (en) 2004-01-16 2006-11-07 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of using sealants in multilateral junctions
US7156194B2 (en) 2003-08-26 2007-01-02 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of drilling and consolidating subterranean formation particulate
US7211547B2 (en) 2004-03-03 2007-05-01 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Resin compositions and methods of using such resin compositions in subterranean applications
US7216711B2 (en) 2002-01-08 2007-05-15 Halliburton Eenrgy Services, Inc. Methods of coating resin and blending resin-coated proppant
US7237609B2 (en) 2003-08-26 2007-07-03 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for producing fluids from acidized and consolidated portions of subterranean formations
US7255169B2 (en) 2004-09-09 2007-08-14 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of creating high porosity propped fractures
US7264052B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2007-09-04 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and compositions for consolidating proppant in fractures
US7267171B2 (en) 2002-01-08 2007-09-11 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and compositions for stabilizing the surface of a subterranean formation
US7273099B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2007-09-25 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of stimulating a subterranean formation comprising multiple production intervals
US7281580B2 (en) 2004-09-09 2007-10-16 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. High porosity fractures and methods of creating high porosity fractures
US7281581B2 (en) 2004-12-01 2007-10-16 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of hydraulic fracturing and of propping fractures in subterranean formations
US7299875B2 (en) 2004-06-08 2007-11-27 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for controlling particulate migration
US7318473B2 (en) 2005-03-07 2008-01-15 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods relating to maintaining the structural integrity of deviated well bores
US7318474B2 (en) 2005-07-11 2008-01-15 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and compositions for controlling formation fines and reducing proppant flow-back
US7334635B2 (en) 2005-01-14 2008-02-26 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for fracturing subterranean wells
US7334636B2 (en) 2005-02-08 2008-02-26 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of creating high-porosity propped fractures using reticulated foam
US7345011B2 (en) 2003-10-14 2008-03-18 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for mitigating the production of water from subterranean formations
US7343973B2 (en) 2002-01-08 2008-03-18 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of stabilizing surfaces of subterranean formations
US7398825B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2008-07-15 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of controlling sand and water production in subterranean zones
US7407010B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2008-08-05 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of coating particulates
US7413010B2 (en) 2003-06-23 2008-08-19 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Remediation of subterranean formations using vibrational waves and consolidating agents
US20080264640A1 (en) * 2007-04-30 2008-10-30 David Milton Eslinger Well treatment using electric submersible pumping system
US7448451B2 (en) 2005-03-29 2008-11-11 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for controlling migration of particulates in a subterranean formation
US7500521B2 (en) 2006-07-06 2009-03-10 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of enhancing uniform placement of a resin in a subterranean formation
US7541318B2 (en) 2004-05-26 2009-06-02 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. On-the-fly preparation of proppant and its use in subterranean operations
US7665517B2 (en) 2006-02-15 2010-02-23 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of cleaning sand control screens and gravel packs
US7673686B2 (en) 2005-03-29 2010-03-09 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Method of stabilizing unconsolidated formation for sand control
US20100139928A1 (en) * 2008-12-02 2010-06-10 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Replaceable sleeve for a cylinder liner
US7757768B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2010-07-20 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Method and composition for enhancing coverage and displacement of treatment fluids into subterranean formations
US7762329B1 (en) 2009-01-27 2010-07-27 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for servicing well bores with hardenable resin compositions
US7819192B2 (en) 2006-02-10 2010-10-26 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Consolidating agent emulsions and associated methods
US7883740B2 (en) 2004-12-12 2011-02-08 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Low-quality particulates and methods of making and using improved low-quality particulates
US7926591B2 (en) 2006-02-10 2011-04-19 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Aqueous-based emulsified consolidating agents suitable for use in drill-in applications
US7934557B2 (en) 2007-02-15 2011-05-03 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of completing wells for controlling water and particulate production
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Cited By (75)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4945986A (en) * 1989-06-21 1990-08-07 N.A. Hardin 1977 Trust, N.A. Hardin, Trustee Constant head pump for sonic wave generator used in treating subsurface formations
US5351754A (en) * 1989-06-21 1994-10-04 N. A. Hardin 1977 Trust Apparatus and method to cause fatigue failure of subterranean formations
US7267171B2 (en) 2002-01-08 2007-09-11 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and compositions for stabilizing the surface of a subterranean formation
US7343973B2 (en) 2002-01-08 2008-03-18 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of stabilizing surfaces of subterranean formations
US7216711B2 (en) 2002-01-08 2007-05-15 Halliburton Eenrgy Services, Inc. Methods of coating resin and blending resin-coated proppant
US8354279B2 (en) 2002-04-18 2013-01-15 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods of tracking fluids produced from various zones in a subterranean well
US7264052B2 (en) 2003-03-06 2007-09-04 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and compositions for consolidating proppant in fractures
US7306037B2 (en) 2003-04-07 2007-12-11 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Compositions and methods for particulate consolidation
US7114570B2 (en) 2003-04-07 2006-10-03 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods and compositions for stabilizing unconsolidated subterranean formations
US7028774B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2006-04-18 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for controlling water and particulate production
US6978836B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2005-12-27 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Methods for controlling water and particulate production
WO2004113672A1 (en) * 2003-06-23 2004-12-29 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Surface pulse system for injection wells
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