US376454A - stephens-on - Google Patents

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US376454A
US376454A US376454DA US376454A US 376454 A US376454 A US 376454A US 376454D A US376454D A US 376454DA US 376454 A US376454 A US 376454A
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stove
fire
pipe
oven
box
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor

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  • My invention is a certain improvement in stoves whereby hay or straw, &c., in a pressed or loose state can be used as fuel for cooking or heating purposes, and is particularly adapted to a prairie country, where wood is scarce and dear and hay or straw plentiful and cheap, as in the province of Manitoba and the Northwest Territory.
  • Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of a stove constructed according to my invention.
  • Fig. 2 is a transverse section of the same.
  • Fig. 3 is a top view.
  • C is the fire-box, formed half cylindrical, of sheet-iron, steel, boiler-plate, cast-iron, or like material. It is provided at the right end with a feed-pipe, B, which extends through a partition, J, into a straw-shed built adjacent to the room the stove is placed in, for convenience in feeding the stove with straw fuel,
  • a perforated draft-pipe, H affixed near the bottom of the stove and open at the outer end, supplies draft underneath the ashes or charred straw, and causes every part of the fuel to be consumed to hard cinders, and enables the stove toretain its heat for a consider able time.
  • D is a diaphragm-plate extending partly over the fire-box O, and forms a return-flue, D, which branches into flues E E around the oven F to the exit-pipe G.
  • B represents the top of the stove, showing six pot-holes, S.
  • the stove As the stove is intended to serve as a furnace-heater, it is provided withan outer drum or casing, K, which forms a space, K, between the fire-chamber and the drum K.
  • This space K communicates with the external air at the point a, and it leads into a similar space, K, formedby a jacket, K around the oven, as is clearly seen in Fig. 1.
  • Hot -air discharge pipes L L connect with the hot-air space K, over the top-of the oven-drum, to conduct hot air to a room or rooms above or adjoining the one the stove is placed in. It will be seen that the draft pipe H extends almost the entire length of the fire-chamber, and that it has air-discharge openings N. By such means a perfect draft and combustion is insured.
  • the oven could, if desired, be dispensed with for simply a heating-stove, and in that case the smoke-pipe would be placed on the-top of the stove, in the part occupied by the oven.
  • the hereindescribed stove comprising the fire-box 0, having a horizontal diaphragm, D, and flue D, the jacket K, nearly surrounding said fire-box and forming flues K, the feedpipe B, and the draft-pipe H, located in the lower part of the fire-box and having openings N, substantially as shown and described.
  • the herein-described stove comprising the fire-box 0, having a horizontal diaphragm, D, and flue D, the oven F, the flues E E, surrounding the oven and communicating with the due D, the draft-pipe H, located in the lower part of the fire-box, the feed-pipe B, the jacket K K forming flues K K, the hot air exits L L, and the smoke-exit G, substantially as shown and described.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Cookers (AREA)

Description

v i) 2 sums-sheet 1.
W. STEPHENSON.
STOVE.
No. 376,454. Patented Jan 17, 1888.
(No Model. I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
W. STEPHENS-0N.
- STOVE, No.376,454. Patented Jan. .17, 188-8.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM STEPHENSON, OF MORRIS, MANITOBA, CANADA.
STOVE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 376,454, dated January 17, 1888.
Application filed January 8, 1886. Serial No. 188,009. (No model.) Patented in Canada April 22, 1886, No. 523,872.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, WILLIAM STEPHENSON, of Morris, in the county of Morris, in the Province of Manitoba, Canada, have inventedcer- I tain new and useful Improvements in Stoves;
and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction andoperation of the same.
My invention is a certain improvement in stoves whereby hay or straw, &c., in a pressed or loose state can be used as fuel for cooking or heating purposes, and is particularly adapted to a prairie country, where wood is scarce and dear and hay or straw plentiful and cheap, as in the Province of Manitoba and the Northwest Territory.
a The invention consists in the construction and combination of parts, which will be hereinafter fully described, and then set forth in the claims.
By reference to the annexed drawings, forming part of this specification, it will be seen v that Figure 1 is a longitudinal section of a stove constructed according to my invention. Fig. 2 is a transverse section of the same. Fig. 3 is a top view.
C is the fire-box, formed half cylindrical, of sheet-iron, steel, boiler-plate, cast-iron, or like material. It is provided at the right end with a feed-pipe, B, which extends through a partition, J, into a straw-shed built adjacent to the room the stove is placed in, for convenience in feeding the stove with straw fuel, A perforated draft-pipe, H, affixed near the bottom of the stove and open at the outer end, supplies draft underneath the ashes or charred straw, and causes every part of the fuel to be consumed to hard cinders, and enables the stove toretain its heat for a consider able time. I
D is a diaphragm-plate extending partly over the fire-box O, and forms a return-flue, D, which branches into flues E E around the oven F to the exit-pipe G.
B, Fig. 3, represents the top of the stove, showing six pot-holes, S.
As the stove is intended to serve as a furnace-heater, it is provided withan outer drum or casing, K, which forms a space, K, between the fire-chamber and the drum K. This space K communicates with the external air at the point a, and it leads into a similar space, K, formedby a jacket, K around the oven, as is clearly seen in Fig. 1. Hot -air discharge pipes L L connect with the hot-air space K, over the top-of the oven-drum, to conduct hot air to a room or rooms above or adjoining the one the stove is placed in. It will be seen that the draft pipe H extends almost the entire length of the fire-chamber, and that it has air-discharge openings N. By such means a perfect draft and combustion is insured.
' It may be observed that the oven could, if desired, be dispensed with for simply a heating-stove, and in that case the smoke-pipe would be placed on the-top of the stove, in the part occupied by the oven.
Having thus described my device and its advantages, what I claim as my invention is 1. The hereindescribed stove, comprising the fire-box 0, having a horizontal diaphragm, D, and flue D, the jacket K, nearly surrounding said fire-box and forming flues K, the feedpipe B, and the draft-pipe H, located in the lower part of the fire-box and having openings N, substantially as shown and described.
2. The herein-described stove, comprising the fire-box 0, having a horizontal diaphragm, D, and flue D, the oven F, the flues E E, surrounding the oven and communicating with the due D, the draft-pipe H, located in the lower part of the fire-box, the feed-pipe B, the jacket K K forming flues K K, the hot air exits L L, and the smoke-exit G, substantially as shown and described.
Dated at Winnipeg this 31st day of October, 1885.
WILLIAM STEPHENSON.
In presence of J. H. McLEAN, D. S. CAMPBELL.
US376454D stephens-on Expired - Lifetime US376454A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4111181A (en) * 1977-03-16 1978-09-05 Canney John J Combustion air system
US20050029774A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-02-10 Snider Gregory S. Work box

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4111181A (en) * 1977-03-16 1978-09-05 Canney John J Combustion air system
US20050029774A1 (en) * 2003-08-04 2005-02-10 Snider Gregory S. Work box

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