US376362A - Albert b - Google Patents

Albert b Download PDF


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US376362A US376362DA US376362A US 376362 A US376362 A US 376362A US 376362D A US376362D A US 376362DA US 376362 A US376362 A US 376362A
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    • B61L29/00Safety means for rail/road crossing traffic
    • B61L29/24Means for warning road traffic that a gate is closed or closing, or that rail traffic is approaching, e.g. for visible or audible warning
    • B61L29/26Means for warning road traffic that a gate is closed or closing, or that rail traffic is approaching, e.g. for visible or audible warning mechanically operated


(N o Model.)



No. 876,362. Patented Jan. 10, 1888.

N. pnzns. Phalo-lhhognpber. Washmgton. n c




SPECIFICATION forming'part of Letters Patent No. 376,362, dated January 10, 1888.

Application filed August 10, 1887.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, ALBERT B. BLACKBURN, of Springfield, in the county of Clark and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Railway-Signals, of

which the following is a specification.

My-invention relates to railway-signals, and has reference more particularly to that class in which the signal is operated by the wheel or wheels of the train.

The present invention is designed as an improvement on that for which Letters Patent of the United States No.,309,517 were issued to me December 23, 1884. I In the drawings, Figure 1 is aperspective View of my invention in place beside the rail of a track; Figs. 2 and 3, side views showing the device-in different positions, and Fig. 4 a yertical sectional view on the line 00 a: of Fig. 3. A A indicate two upright hollow posts se cured rigidly to a base-block, B, the said posts beingprovided in their opposing faces each with aslot, a, as clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 2. 0 indicates a cross-bar, which passes at its ends into the slots at of the posts A, the said cross-bar resting upon springs D, which latter are seated in the hollow upper ends of the posts A, as also shown in Figs. 1 and 2. 7

In the drawings I have shown the springs D as being ordinary coil-springs; but it is obvious that in lieu of these springs rubber blocks or other 'forms of springs might be substituted, but not to so good advantage. In order to prevent the springs from raising the cross-bars C out of the slots in the posts, the latter are provided with ca'p'plates b, as shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 3. At or about the middle of cross-bar O the latter is slotted, as shown, to receive a trip, E, which latter is pivoted to the cross-bar by means of a pin, a, as shown in all the figures. cross-bar 0 should be such as to permit the trip E to rock or oscillate freely upon its pivot c. As shown in all the figures, the trip E is provided on each fiat side or face with a flange or rib, d, which extends from the lower edge of the trip upward along the rear edge for a short distance.

Pivotally secured to the lower end of the 50 trip E is a block, F, which is forked at its upper end and embraces the lower end of the trip,

The form of the slot in the.

Serial No. 246,592. (No model.)

the said block being attached to the trip'E by means of a pin or bolt, 0, which passes through the trip E and through the ears of the block F that embrace the trip. This block is provided with a depending lug, f, as shown in all the figures, which is pivotally connected, by means of a pin or bolt, to aradial forked arm, G, secured to a rock-shaft, H. The rockshaft H is journaled at opposite ends in brack- 6o ets or supports I, which are secured to the base plate B, and the said rock-shaft is provided with a second radial arm, J, at right angles, or substantially so, to arm G.

When the parts are in their normalposi- 55 tions, as indicated in Figs. 1 and 3, the pivots c, e, and g are nearly in line vertically with one another, and it will be noticed that when in this position the rear face of the block F liesagainst the flanges (Z of the trip E.

The rock-shaft H is connected, by means of a rod,K,with any suitable signaling mechanism, which may be the same as that represented in my Letters Patent hereinbefore referred to, or of any other-desired construction; but as said signaling apparatus forms no part of the present invention it is not shown. Now, if a train should move in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 2,the wheel of the car would strike the inclined or beveled nose of the trip 8 E, and rock or tip the trip Eupon its pivot 0, causing the lower end of the said trip to swing rearwardly, so as to move its flange 01 out of contact with the rear face of the block F. During this movement of the trip E the crossbar 0, to which the block is attached, is depressed, the springs D, beneath the ends of the crossbar 0, being compressed so as to allow the trip E to be moved below the top of therail. As the cross-bar G is thus de- 0 pressed and the trip E is rocked or tipped,the upper end of the block F swings rearwardly from or upon the pin or bolt 9 asa center,and without disturbing in the slightest degree the rock-shaft H, with which said block is connected. Of course as the rock-shaft H is not disturbed no signal will be displayed or operated. Should, however, a train come from the opposite direction, as indicated by the arrow in Fig. 3, the wheel striking against the 1 upper end of the trip E would tend to throw the lower end of the trip forwardly; but as the flange d bears against the rear face of the block f, such movement of the trip is prevented, and the trip E and block F practically converted into a single block, and have no movement relatively to each other. Such being the case, when the trip E,and with it the crossbar O,is depressed by the wheels of the train,tl1e downward movement of the trip and the block F causes, through the arm G, the rocking of the shaft Hin its bearings. As the shaft is thus rocked the rod K, connected with the signaling device, is moved longitudinally and the signal operated. As soon as the train has passed ,the springs D, acting through the crossbar 0, return the parts to their normal positions.

The construction above described is applicable to or is designed for use upon singletrack railways, where it is desired that a signal should be given by trains coming from one direction; but shouldit be desired to have the signal operated by trains passing in either direction, it is only necessary to apply the mechanism shown in the drawings to both rails of the track.

It is not necessary that the upper end of the block F should be forked; but I prefer to construct it in thismanner, for the reason that it enables me to get a firm bearing against the flange d on both faces of the trip E, instead of upon one face only.

It is obvious, also, that instead of having cross-bar 0 rest upon springs it may be sus pended by springs from the upper ends or caps of the posts A. This being merely a reversal of the arrangement shown, it is not deemed necessary to illustrate it.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is 1. In combination with a spring-sustained cross-bar, O, a trip, E, pivoted therein, a rockshaft, H, connected with a signal, and a link, F, pivotally connected with the trip and with the rock-shaft, all substantially as shown, whereby when the trip is struck by a wheel moving in one direction it will merely rock without operating the signal, but when struck by a wheel moving in the reverse direction it will serve to operate the signal.

2. In a railway signal apparatus, the combination, with a spring-supported cross-bar, O, l of a rock-shaft, H, a rod, K, connecting said rock-shaft with a signal, and a jointed trip, E F, the latter being pivotally connected, re-

spectively, with the cross-bar and the rockshaft and pivotally connected with each other.

3. In a railway signal apparatus, the combination, with a spring'sustained cross-bar, of a rock-shaft, a rod connecting said rock-shaft with a signal, and a trip pivoted in the crossbar and connected with the rockshaft by means of a knuckle-joint, whereby the trip is permitted to actuate the signal only by a train moving in one direction.

4. In combination with base-block B, upright hollow posts A, provided each with a slot, a, crossbar C, projecting into or through the slots, springs D, beneath the ends of the cross-bar, a trip, as E, pivoted to the crossbar, a rock-shaft journaled in bearings upon the base-plate, and a block, as F, connecting the pivoted trip with the rockshaft, all sub stautiall y as shown.

5. In combination with base-block B, provided with upright posts A, springs D, mounted in said posts, a crossbar, O, sustained by said springs, a rock-shaft, H, journaled in bearings upon the base-block and provided with radial arms G and J, a rod, K, connecting said rock-shaft with a signal, a trip, E, pivoted in the cross-bar, and a link or block, F, connected at opposite ends with the trip E and arm G, all substantially as shown.

(3. In combination with base-block B, hollow posts A, crossbar O, and springs D, arranged substantially as shown, a rock-shaft, H, journaled in bearings upon the base-block and connected with a signal, a trip, E, provided on the rear edge with a flange or rib, d, and a block, F, connecting the rockshaft with the trip and arranged to bear on its rear face against the flange d.

7. In combination with base-block B and hollow posts A, crossbar C, and springs D, a rock-shaft, H, provided with an arm, G, and connected with a signal, a trip, E, pivoted to the cross-bar by means of a pin or bolt, 0, and a block, F, pivoted to the trip and arm G, respectively, by means of pins or bolts 0 g, the pivots c, e, and g being approximately in the same vertical plane.

In witness whereof I hereunto set my hand in the presence of two witnesses.




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