US3753319A - Control of tooth flank grinding machines for helical gears - Google Patents

Control of tooth flank grinding machines for helical gears Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3753319A
US3753319A US3753319DA US3753319A US 3753319 A US3753319 A US 3753319A US 3753319D A US3753319D A US 3753319DA US 3753319 A US3753319 A US 3753319A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
machine
control
switch
grinding
motion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
M Mesey
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Maag Gear Wheel and Machine Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Maag Zahnraeder & Maschinen Ag
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19702050946 priority Critical patent/DE2050946A1/de
Application filed by Maag Zahnraeder & Maschinen Ag filed Critical Maag Zahnraeder & Maschinen Ag
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3753319A publication Critical patent/US3753319A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F5/00Making straight gear teeth involving moving a tool relatively to a workpiece with a rolling-off or an enveloping motion with respect to the gear teeth to be made
    • B23F5/02Making straight gear teeth involving moving a tool relatively to a workpiece with a rolling-off or an enveloping motion with respect to the gear teeth to be made by grinding
    • B23F5/06Making straight gear teeth involving moving a tool relatively to a workpiece with a rolling-off or an enveloping motion with respect to the gear teeth to be made by grinding the tool being a grinding disc with a plane front surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F23/00Accessories or equipment combined with or arranged in, or specially designed to form part of, gear-cutting machines
    • B23F23/12Other devices, e.g. tool holders; Checking devices for controlling workpieces in machines for manufacturing gear teeth
    • B23F23/1237Tool holders
    • B23F23/1262Grinding disc holders; Disc-type milling-cutter holders
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T409/00Gear cutting, milling, or planing
    • Y10T409/10Gear cutting
    • Y10T409/101431Gear tooth shape generating
    • Y10T409/105883Using rotary cutter
    • Y10T409/106201Plural rotary cutters

Abstract

A control means for a tooth flank grinding machine operating in accordance with the indexing generating method has an arrangement for varying the grinding stroke length during a traverse so that it increases from a minimum at the beginning of a traverse and reduces again towards the end of the traverse, so reducing the over-run of the grinding wheels in the end regions of the traverse. The velocity of the generating motion is controlled concurrently in reverse proportion to the grinding stroke length.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Mesey CONTROL OF TOOTH FLANK GRINDING MACHINES FOR HELICAL GEARS Inventor: Milton Mesey, Wallisellen,
Switzerland Maag Gear Wheel 8L Machine Company Limited, Zurich, Switzerland Filed: Oct. 8, 1971 Appl. No.: 187,792
[73] Assignee:
[30] Foreign Application Priority Data 90/14 1111.0 1324b 3/011 Field of Search 51/33 R, 33 w, 48 R, 51/48 HE, 95 R, 95 Lil, 55, 55, 165.78, 111 R, 118,42; 9o/1.4
11.8. CI. 51/42, 51/48 HE,
1451 Aug. 21, 1973 [56] References Cited FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,169,261 11/1969 Great Britain 51/33 W Primary Examiner--Harold D. Whitehead Assistant Examiner--Nicholas P. Godici Attorney-Toren and McGeady [5 7] ABSTRACT A control means for a tooth flank grinding machine operating in accordance with the indexing generating method has an arrangement for varying the grinding stroke length during a traverse so that it increases from a minimum at the beginning of a traverse and reduces again towards the end of the traverse, so reducing the over-run of the grinding wheels in the end regions of the traverse. The velocity of the generating motion is controlled concurrently in reverse proportion to the grinding stroke length.
13 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures 5s it ""52 f 72 61 SHEET 2 U 3 lllll PATENTEDMIBZI I975 3.753.319 snmsms Fig.4
a9 as The invention relates to control means on a tooth flank grinding machine for helical gears adapted to operate in accordance with the indexing generating method. Machines of this kind may be used for the socalled l5/20 grinding method in which there can be two concave conical grinding wheels to machine the left-hand and right-hand tooth flanks, although there are also examples of tooth flank grinding machines known, also adapted to operate in accordance with the indexing generating method, in which one grinding wheel is provided with a double cone adapted to machine simultaneously the left-hand and right-hand tooth flank on both sides of a tooth gap.
In known tooth flank grinding machines during a given grinding cycle the or each grinding wheel sweeps a parallelogrammatic surface with constant stroke length and reversal points disposed on a straight line. Usually only a relatively small part of the stroke is utilized for grinding work, the remaining part of the travel of the grinding wheel or grinding wheels being lost in idle motion. This disadvantage has been reduced in a known tooth flank grinding machine operating in accordance with the indexing generating method (Great Britain Pat. No. 1 169261) by virtue of the fact that the stroke position of the grinding wheel is varied during the generating cycle. This achieves a certain saving of time since overall there is less idle movement but the grinding stroke length during a given generating cycle is constant so that the proportion of idle movement is still substantial.
According to the present invention there is provided for use in a tooth flank grinding machine for helical gears adapted to operate in accordance with the indexing generating method, a control apparatus arranged to determine the length of grinding stroke in the traverse of the grinding means of the machine over the generating zone, said apparatus including position-limiting elements determining the reversal points of the grinding strokes and said elements being adapted to act so as to increase the length of stroke from a minimum at the beginning of the traverse ofthe generating zone to a maximum in a central region of the zone and to reduce the length of stroke again towards the end of the traverse of said zone.
Referring again to the known tooth flank grinding machine mentioned previously, this is provided with control means in which the motion of a ram adapted to support the grinding wheel is controlled by adjustable stop abutments and a switch co-operating therewith, the zone in which the motions'are performed depending on the position of an adjustable rail which performs a motion corresponding to the rectilinear component of the generating motion between the workpiece and the grinding member.
To achieve the required function with this type of control means, the stop abutments are adjustably mounted on a guide formed on the ram and the associated switch is retained in a guide, disposed in parallel to the direction of motion of the ram and may be adjusted by means ofa screw spindle which extends in the same direction. The rotation of the screw spindle required for adjusting the switch may be provided by means of an electric rotary transmitter which is electrically coupled to a second rotary transmitter. The sec- 0nd rotary transmitter is disposed in the casing of a sensing unit which is mounted on the column bed of the machine. The sensing pin of the sensing unit bears on a rail which is mounted in a workpiece slide and encloses an adjustable angle with the direction of relative motion between the column and the workpiece slide.
In contrast to such an arrangement, when said type of control means is employed in the present invention, it is preferably so constructed that a pair of spaced stop abutments or other members arranged to co-operate with a switch of said switching means to define, in the direction of said rectilinear component motion, limits of a zone in which said switch can be reciprocated at the rate of the ram motion and at an angle to said direction corresponding to the helix angle of the workpiece tooth system.
The stop members may be constructed as linear members or rails forming opposite side limits of the zone of travel of said switch, the boundaries of said zone between the spared linear limits thus formed then being defined by end stop elements which are also adjustable.
If, in the same manner as in the known control means, the switch is mounted on a nut through which a screw spindle extends, it can be advantageous in carrying out the present invention if the screw spindle is coupled to a drive transmission of the reciprocating ram.
The switch is preferably of a form adapted to operate without physical contact with the templates or rails.
The linear stop members are preferably mounted on a control plate so as to be adjustable in the sliding direction thereof, said control plate being adapted to slide at an angle to said members. The guide for the sliding movement of the control plate may be formed on a part of the grinding machine, for example on the machine column, which performs the rectilinear component of the generating motion relative to a rotating machine table; the control plate may itself be coupled to a guide for the aforementioned machine part by means of a reduction transmission.
The additional end stop elements referred to above are preferably associated with a second switch which is also adapted to reciprocate at the rate of the ram stroke. The second switch is conveniently carried by a second nut through which a second screwed spindle extends which is also coupled to the drive of the reciproeating ram.
In a preferred emboidment of the invention, the stop members are coupled with, a control cam which controls the generating velocity so that they operate in conjunction therewith, said cam control being exercised so that said velocity diminishes with an increasing length of ram stroke and increases with a decreasing length of ram stroke. In a middle portion of the traverse zone, corresponding to a region with uniform maximum length of ram stroke, the control cam may have a rectilinear characteristic, parallel to its direction of motion to give a series of uniform velocity storkes. In a preferred embodiment the control cam comprises two control arms which are adjustably mounted on the control plate. The cam can have a follower member that is the adjusting member of a potentiometer which controls the rotational velocity of an electric motor for the generating motion.
As an illustrative embodiment of the invention, a tooth flank grinding machine according to the invention is shown diagrammatically in the accompanying drawings in exemplified form for the ll20 grinding method. In the drawings FIG. 1 shows the general construction of the machine in perspective;
FIG. 2 shows schematically the workpiece to be ground with two grinding wheels disposed in front thereof and the surface traversed by the grinding wheels, which includes some over-run;
FIG. 3 shows schematically the same surface traversed as in FIG. 2, together with a corresponding diagram of the generating velocity referred to a horizontal base line, and
FIG. 4 shows a control unit for the machine of FIG. 1, the surface traversed by the grinding wheels being marked in analogy with the schematic illustration in FIGS. 2 and 3.
Referring to FIG. 1, the tooth flank grinding machine is mounted on a baseplate 1 on which a platen 2 is carried in longitudinally slidable manner. A column 3 is disposed to slide transversely on the sliding platen 2 and a pivoting plate 4 for adjusting the helix angle B of the teeth to be ground is adjustably mounted on said column. The pivoting plate 4 has a ram guide formed on it, a ram 5 being adapted to reciprocate in the direction of the tooth helix angle on said guide. Two convex conical disc-shaped grinding wheels 6 and 7 are carried by the ram 5 so that their grinding planes are disposed at the operative angles of 20 respectively of the teeth to be ground. Each of the two grinding wheels 6 and 7 is driven by a separate motor 9.
A bed 10 for a rotatable workpiece table 11 with a vertical axis is mounted on the baseplate 1 and a gearwheel 12 which is to be ground is clamped on the table 11. A wormwheel l3, driven by a worm 14, is secured to the workpiece table. The generating motion is compounded by a rotating motion of the table 11 with the workpiece 12, and a corresponding tangential motion of the two grinding wheels 6 and 7 resulting from transverse displacement of the column 3. These motions are produced by a generating motor 15 which is mounted on the bed 10 and drives a shaft 19 through a generating worm 16, a generating wormwheel l7 and a generating clutch 18.
The drive for the transverse displacement of the column 3 is derived from the shaft 19 through two bevel gears 20 and 21, a shaft 22, two bevel gears 23 and 24, a shaft 25 on which a gearwheel 26 is mounted, a clutch 27 with clutch spring 28 and a shaft 29, module change gears 30, 31, 32 and 33 and a shaft 34 with a gearwheel 35. The drive is then transmitted from there through an intermediate gear 36 to a gearwheel 37 which is mounted on a shaft 38. The rotary motion of the shaft 38 is transmitted to a bevel gear 39, from there to a bevel gear 40 and a module spindle 41. The module spindle 41 engages with a nut 42 which is mounted on the column 3 and so displaces the column 3 transversely.
The drive for the rotary motion of the workpiece table 11, and therefore of the gearwheel 12 which is to be ground, is taken from the gearwheel 26 and comprises a gearwheel 43, a clutch 44 with clutch spring 45, a shaft 46 and gearwheel 47 mounted thereon and functioning as a first change gear for adaptation of the table motion to the number of teeth on the workpiece to be ground. Further change gears 48, 49 and 50 mesh with the change gear 47. The last-mentioned change gear 50 is secured to a shaft 51 that also carries the worm l4 and thus drives the table 11 with the gearwheel 12 which is to be ground.
The tangential motion of the column 3 is matched to the rotating motion of the workpiece 12, by means of the module change gears 30 to 33 and the change gears 47 to 50, thus producing the generating motion between the grinding wheels 6 and 7 and the workpiece 12.
Referring now to FIG. 2, given a stroke H, of the grinding wheels 6 and 7, adapted to traverse the entire tooth width with a slight over-run as hitherto, and given a generating path H the area traversed by the grinding wheels will be a parallelogram A B C D. Within the parallelogram, the traverse area actually required for grinding the tooth flanks is further defined by the two perpendicular lines B, C, and D, A,. The resultant surface area, namely A, B B, C, D D,, marked in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4, represents only approximately 60 percent of the parallelogram A B C D in the illustrated example. To traverse this reduced area, at the beginning of the generating motion the grinding stroke will be of minimum length HS min; it then increases to the maximum length HS max in the middle zone HWm of the generating motion and then diminishes towards the end of the generating motion to the minimum length HS min again.
A control unit 52, shown in detail in FIG. 4, is provided for controlling the grinding stroke, that is to say the length, position and reversing points thereof. The unit comprises a first switch 53, adapted to operate without physical contact, as for example a magnetically or photoelectrically operated switch, mounted on a nut 54 which is reciprocated in synchronism with the motion of the grinding wheels 6 and 7 along a spindle 55 by opposite rotational movements of the spindle. The spindle 55 is coupled through bevel gears 56 and 57 to a shaft 58 and this in turn is coupled through bevel gears 59 and 60 in the centre of the pivoting plate 4 to a shaft 61 that is driven by a ram spindle 64 through bevel gears 62 and 63. The ram spindle 64 is itself driven through a wormwheel 65, a worm 66 and a shaft 67 by a reversing motor 68 to reciprocate the grinding wheels 6 and 7. 1
The control unit 52 also comprises a control plate 70, positioned so as to be horizontally slidable in the unit, one end of a wire rope 69 being mounted on said control plate. The wire rope 69 runs over a small pulley 71 which is mounted on a larger pulley 72, supported in the column 3. One end of a second wire rope 73 is mounted on the pulley 72 and the other end of said wire rope is mounted on a smaller pulley 74. A larger pulley 75 is coaxial with and fixed to the smaller pulley 74 and both are supported together in the column 3. One end of a third wire rope 76 is mounted on the large pulley 75, the other end of said wire rope being attached to a block 77 of the sliding platen 2. The pulleys 71, 72 and 74, 75 function as a reduction transmission and transfer the tangential generating motion between the column 3 and the sliding platen 2 to the control plate 70. The wire ropes 69, 73 and 76 are tensioned by means of two springs 78 which bias the control plate 70.
Two control rails 79 and 80 acting as spaced stop members are mounted on the control plate 70 for coaction with the switch 53. The control rails 79 and 80 extend at an angle, in the illustrated example relative to the direction of motion of the control plate 79, and relative to the longitudinal axis of the spindle 55 they each subtend an angle corresponding to the helix angle of the teeth of the workpiece and are adjustable parallel to themselves towards and away from each other.
The control unit 52 also incorporates a shaft 81 which is rotationally coupled through bevel gears 82, 83 and 84 to a threaded spindle 85 that engages a nut 86 on which a switch 87 is disposed. Opposite end limiting positions of the switch 87 are defined by separate stop abutments 88, 89 respectively and these limiting positions correspond to the upper and lower limiting position of the ram 5. The distance between these positions therefore corresponds to the hypothetical ram stroke I-I The reciprocating motion of the ram 5, produced by the reversing motor 68 and corresponding to the line B-B begins when the tooth flanks of the gearwheel 12 are first contacted by the two grinding wheels 6 and 7. By the operation of the control apparatus described above, the grinding stroke then has the length l-IS min shown in FIG. 2. This is achieved by virtue of the switch 53, which co-operates with the control rail 80 as it reciprocates at the same rate as the ram 5 to provide the upper limit of the stroke. The lower limit of the stroke is provided by the switch 87, co-operating with the stop abutment 89 and also reciprocating at the same rateas the ram 5.
The generating motion starts simultaneously with the ram motion: the generating motor turns the gearwheel 12 and drives the column 3 to produce the ap propriate tangential motion thereto. Accordingly, the control plate 70 of the control unit 52 is also moved so that the grinding stroke, limited at the top by the control rail 80 and limited at the bottom by the stop abutment 89, is gradually increased from B-B to A,-B," when it will have assumed the magnitude H The lower limit of the grinding stroke H to the line A "-C is then controlled by the control rail 79 in the further course of the generating motion. Further generating movement causes a reduction of the grinding stroke length which will then be defined at its bottom limit by the control rail 79 and at its top limit by the stop abutment 88, until the line D,-D is reached, corresponding to the minimum grinding stroke length HSmin. The tooth flanks will then be finish ground.
Owing to the ram 5 being driven by the reversing motor 68 and the ram spindle 64, the speed of the ram will be constant with the exception of the brief reversing point zones because of the preselected speed of the reversing motor 68. The speed of the reciprocating motion of the two grinding wheels 6 and 7 will thus also be constant. This arrangement ensures that the grinding stroke rate per unit time is approximately inversely proportional to the grinding stroke length: the shorter the strokes, the greater their frequency; the longer the strokes, the smaller their frequency.
The generating speed is determined by the rotational speed of the generating motor 15, which in turn depends on the position of a cam follower roller 90 of a potentiometer 91 as indicated in FIG. 4. A horizontal I W (FIG. 3) corresponding to the lower end face of the workpiece 12 extends through the area A B-B -C -D-D traversed by the grinding wheels. The point B corresponds to a required .maximum generating velocity v the portion of the generating traverse along the line W between points A to C to a required minimum generating velocity v,,,,,, and the point D again to the maximum generating velocity v,,,,,,. The generating velocity over the traverse of the area is thus required to vary in accordance with the curve K.
The required velocity characteristic is obtained by a I form of cam that includes elements 92 and 93 adjustably disposed on the control plate of the control unit 52 to perform the function of obtaining the inclined sections of the curve K in FIG. 3. The horizontal section of the curve K is obtained by an intermediate part of the cam formed by a horizontal edge of the control plate 70 between the elements 92, 93. The potentiometer 91 is mounted on the control unit 52. If the control plate 70 is displaced in synchronism with the generating motion, the cam elements 92 and 93 will influence the rotational speed of the generating motor 15 through the roller 90 of the potentiometer 91, since the potentiometer is mounted on the control unit, thus providing the velocity characteristic shown at the bottom of FIG. 3. Optimum values are obtained if the generating velocity varies in inverse proportion to the grinding stroke length.
Because of the angular position of the spindle 55, corresponding to the tooth helix angle B, the length of grinding stroke will vary automatically relative to the tooth helix angle. The length of grinding stroke remains constant if the tooth helix angle is 0; it will then be defined by only the two stop abutments 88 and 89, which would be adjusted in accordance with the tooth width of the workpiece 12. Given a hypothetical tooth helix angle of 90, the length of the grinding strokes would then be defined by only the two control rails 79 and 80, which would be adjusted in accordance with the generating path or generatrix line in which is the tooth system data for generating the teeth. For all other intermediate values of the helix angle B the programme for controlling the length of grinding stroke and the beginning and end points will be defined by the combined adjustment of the two end abutment stops 88 and 89, the two control rails 79 and and the angular setting of the spindle 55. The generating position is the parameter for this.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a tooth flank grinding machine for helical gears operating in accordance with the indexing generating method and having control apparatus determining the length of stroke of the grinding means of the machine in the traverse of said means over th generating zone, the improvement comprising position-limiting means in said control apparatus varying the reversal points of the grinding strokes, said means including parts movable in coordinated relationship with the stroke of said grinding wheels, members cooperable with said movable parts for causing the length of grinding stroke to increase from a minimum at the beginning of the traverse of the generating zone to a maximum in a central region of the zone, and other members cooperable with said movable parts to reduce the length of stroke again towards the end of the traverse of said zone.
2. A machine according to claim 1 in which said control apparatus controls the movements of a ram supporting the grinding means and comprises a first switch means and a control plate means having a relative motion to said first switch means determined by the rectilinear component of the generating motion between the workpiece and the grinding means, means being provided for adjusting the relative position of the control plate means and the frist switch means, control stop means having spaced stop elements operable in conjunction with said control plate means, a second switch means cooperable with said stop elements to define limits in said rectilinear motion direction, ofa zone of motion of said second switch means, switch drive means actuating said relative motion of said first switch means in a reciprocating manner in synchronism with the ram motion and at an angle to said recilinear component direction corresponding to the helix angle of the workpiece teeth.
3. A machine according to claim 2, wherein said first switch means is adapted to operate without physical contact with said control plate means.
4. A machine according to claim 2, wherein a nut carries said first switch means and a screw spindle coupled to the reciprocating drive of the ram supporting the grinding means has said nut threaded upon it whereby the first switch means is reciprocated in synchronism with the ram motion.
5. A machine according to claim 2, wherein said control plate means includes spaced linear stop members, the zone of travel of said first switch means being defined by the boundaries of the zone extending between said spaced linear stop members.
6. A machine according to claim 5, wherein means are provided to slidably mount said control plate means in the control apparatus, said linear stop members being mounted on said control plate means to be adjustable relative to the sliding direction of the control plate means, the sliding movement of said control plate means being directed at an angle relative to the linear stop members.
7. A machine according to claim 6, wherein a part of the machine performing the rectilinear component of the generating motion relative to a rotating workpiece table has a reducing transmission forming a connection to said control plate means to actuate said sliding movement of said control plate means.
8. A machine according to claim 5, wherein said second switch means cooperates with said stop elements to define the boundaries of the zone of travel of the first switch means, and drive means actuating motion of said second switch means in a recirpocating manner relative to said stop elements and in synchronism with the motion of said ram.
9. A machine according to claim 8, wherein a nut carries said second switch means and a screw spindle coupled to the reciprocating drive of the ram supporting the grinding means has said nut threaded upon it whereby the second switch means moves in synchronism with the ram motion.
10. A machine according to claim 1, wherein a control cam is coupled to said control plate means to be displaced synchronously therewith, said control cam determining the generating velocity of the machine and being arranged in such manner that the velocity decreases with increase of ram stroke and increases with decrease of ram stroke.
11. A machine according to claim 10, wherein said control cam has a middle zone corresponding to the zone of maximum ram stroke, a linear profile being formed on the cam in said middle zone parallel to the displacement direction of the cam.
12. A machine according to claim 10, wherein said control plate means includes a control plate slidably mounted in the control apparatus and movable in synchronism with the ram, said stop members and the control cam being carried by said control plate, said cam comprising two control bars that are adjustable angularly relative to the control plate, said two bars representing opposite end regions of the cam profile.
13. A machine according to claim 10, wherein a motor producing the generating motion of the machine is provided with a regulating potentiometer to vary the velocity thereof, said cam having a follower member forming a regulating element of the potentiometer.

Claims (13)

1. In a tooth flank grinding machine for helical gears operating in accordance with the indexing generating method and having control apparatus determining the length of stroke of the grinding means of the machine in the traverse of said means over th generating zone, the improvement comprising position-limiting means in said control apparatus varying the reversal points of the grinding strokes, said means including parts movable in coordinated relationship with the stroke of said grinding wheels, members cooperable with said movable parts for causing the length of grinding stroke to increase from a minimum at the beginning of the traverse of the generating zone to a maximum in a central region of the zone, and other members cooperable with said movable parts to reduce the length of stroke again towards the end of the traverse of said zone.
2. A machine according to claim 1 in which said control apparatus controls the movements of a ram supporting the grinding means and comprises a first switch means and a control plate means having a relative motion to said first switch means determined by the rectilinear component of the generating motion between the workpiece and the grinding means, means being provided for adjusting the relative position of the control plate means and the frist switch means, control stop means having spaced stop elements operable in conjunction with said control plate means, a second switch means cooperable with said stop elements to define limits in said rectilinear motion direction, of a zone of motion of said second switch means, switch drive means actuating said relative motion of said first switch means in a reciprocating manner in synchronism with the ram motion and at an angle to said recilinear component direction corresponding to the helix angle of the workpiece teeth.
3. A machine according to claim 2, wherein said first switch means is adapted to operate without physical contact with said control plate means.
4. A machine according to claim 2, wherein a nut carries said first switch means and a screw spindle coupled to the reciprocating drive of the ram supporting the grinding means has said nut threaded upon it whereby the first switch means is reciprocated in synchronism with the ram motion.
5. A machine according to claim 2, wherein said control plate means includes spaced linear stop members, the zone of travel of said first switch means being defined by the boundaries of the zone extending between said spaced linear stop members.
6. A machine according to claim 5, wherein means are provided to slidably mount said control plate means in the control apparatus, said linear stop members being mounted on said control plate means to be adjustable relative to the sliding direction of the control plate means, the sliding movement of said control plate means being directed at an angle relative to the linear stop members.
7. A machine according to claim 6, wherein a part of the machine performing the rectilinear component of the generating motion relative to a rotating workpiece table has a reducing transmission forming a connection to said control plate means to actuate said sliding movement of said control plate means.
8. A machine according to claim 5, wherein said second switch means cooperates with said stop elements to define the boundaries of the zone of travel of the first switch meAns, and drive means actuating motion of said second switch means in a recirpocating manner relative to said stop elements and in synchronism with the motion of said ram.
9. A machine according to claim 8, wherein a nut carries said second switch means and a screw spindle coupled to the reciprocating drive of the ram supporting the grinding means has said nut threaded upon it whereby the second switch means moves in synchronism with the ram motion.
10. A machine according to claim 1, wherein a control cam is coupled to said control plate means to be displaced synchronously therewith, said control cam determining the generating velocity of the machine and being arranged in such manner that the velocity decreases with increase of ram stroke and increases with decrease of ram stroke.
11. A machine according to claim 10, wherein said control cam has a middle zone corresponding to the zone of maximum ram stroke, a linear profile being formed on the cam in said middle zone parallel to the displacement direction of the cam.
12. A machine according to claim 10, wherein said control plate means includes a control plate slidably mounted in the control apparatus and movable in synchronism with the ram, said stop members and the control cam being carried by said control plate, said cam comprising two control bars that are adjustable angularly relative to the control plate, said two bars representing opposite end regions of the cam profile.
13. A machine according to claim 10, wherein a motor producing the generating motion of the machine is provided with a regulating potentiometer to vary the velocity thereof, said cam having a follower member forming a regulating element of the potentiometer.
US3753319D 1970-10-16 1971-10-08 Control of tooth flank grinding machines for helical gears Expired - Lifetime US3753319A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19702050946 DE2050946A1 (en) 1970-10-16 1970-10-16

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3753319A true US3753319A (en) 1973-08-21

Family

ID=5785363

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3753319D Expired - Lifetime US3753319A (en) 1970-10-16 1971-10-08 Control of tooth flank grinding machines for helical gears

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US3753319A (en)
JP (1) JPS5410755B1 (en)
CH (1) CH529604A (en)
DE (1) DE2050946A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2111211A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1334966A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3916569A (en) * 1973-03-26 1975-11-04 Maag Zahnraeder & Maschinen Ag Methods of and means for producing helically toothed gears
US4028992A (en) * 1975-11-20 1977-06-14 Kuehnle Manfred R Method and means for making helical races
WO1984004064A1 (en) * 1983-04-15 1984-10-25 Ingersoll Milling Machine Co Method of generating involute tooth forms with a milling cutter
US4551954A (en) * 1983-03-11 1985-11-12 Maag Gear-Wheel & Machine Company Limited Method for controlling a grinding stroke in a gear tooth flank grinding machine
US4606153A (en) * 1983-07-08 1986-08-19 Maag Gear-Wheel & Machine Company Limited Method for controlling a grinding stroke in a gear tooth flank grinding machine operating on the indexing generating principle
US20120258647A1 (en) * 2011-03-29 2012-10-11 Liebherr-Verzahntechnik Gmbh Gear cutting machine
US20140030965A1 (en) * 2011-03-25 2014-01-30 Dalian Kede Numerical Control Co., Ltd. Fully symmetric cutter grinding machine with 5-axis and grinding wheel head bracket thereof

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU880244A3 (en) * 1978-08-18 1981-11-07 Мааг-Цанрэдер Унд-Машинен Аг (Фирма) Method and lathe for grinding gear wheels
CH660462A5 (en) * 1981-09-14 1987-04-30 Maag Zahnraeder & Maschinen Ag Rolling process for the machining processing of evolvent-shaped tooth flank with profile and length corrections.
CH661460A5 (en) * 1983-11-28 1987-07-31 Mo Z Shlifovalnykh Stankov Toothed flange grinding machine.
CH662301A5 (en) * 1983-12-27 1987-09-30 Mo Z Shlifovalnykh Stankov Method for grinding teeth toothed workpieces.
CH664717A5 (en) * 1984-11-03 1988-03-31 Maag Zahnraeder & Maschinen Ag Method and device for producing evolvent-shaped toothed flanges.
DE3734828C1 (en) * 1987-10-14 1989-01-12 Hurth Masch Zahnrad Carl Process for partially rolling gear wheels and a suitable machine for it
CN111097977A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-05-05 湖南工业大学 Theoretical error-free indexing method and gear dividing mechanism for gear machining

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1169261A (en) * 1967-03-28 1969-11-05 Inst Werkzeugmaschinen Method of and apparatus for modifying the position of the stroke movement of a ram in gear tooth profile grinding machines

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1169261A (en) * 1967-03-28 1969-11-05 Inst Werkzeugmaschinen Method of and apparatus for modifying the position of the stroke movement of a ram in gear tooth profile grinding machines

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3916569A (en) * 1973-03-26 1975-11-04 Maag Zahnraeder & Maschinen Ag Methods of and means for producing helically toothed gears
US4028992A (en) * 1975-11-20 1977-06-14 Kuehnle Manfred R Method and means for making helical races
US4565474A (en) * 1980-11-01 1986-01-21 The Ingersoll Milling Machine Company Method of generating involute tooth forms with a milling cutter
US4551954A (en) * 1983-03-11 1985-11-12 Maag Gear-Wheel & Machine Company Limited Method for controlling a grinding stroke in a gear tooth flank grinding machine
WO1984004064A1 (en) * 1983-04-15 1984-10-25 Ingersoll Milling Machine Co Method of generating involute tooth forms with a milling cutter
US4606153A (en) * 1983-07-08 1986-08-19 Maag Gear-Wheel & Machine Company Limited Method for controlling a grinding stroke in a gear tooth flank grinding machine operating on the indexing generating principle
US20140030965A1 (en) * 2011-03-25 2014-01-30 Dalian Kede Numerical Control Co., Ltd. Fully symmetric cutter grinding machine with 5-axis and grinding wheel head bracket thereof
US9028299B2 (en) * 2011-03-25 2015-05-12 Dalian Kede Numerical Control Co., Ltd. Fully symmetric cutter grinding machine with 5-axis and grinding wheel head bracket thereof
US20120258647A1 (en) * 2011-03-29 2012-10-11 Liebherr-Verzahntechnik Gmbh Gear cutting machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CH529604A (en) 1972-10-31
DE2050946A1 (en) 1972-04-20
JPS5410755B1 (en) 1979-05-09
GB1334966A (en) 1973-10-24
FR2111211A5 (en) 1972-06-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
TW542783B (en) Slide-driving device in press machine and its driving method
US3394599A (en) Positive feed advancing mechanism
US3881362A (en) Adjustable X and Y axis controlled movement mechanism
US3800650A (en) Apparatus for the template cutting of workpieces
CN203936478U (en) Gear machining equipment
US4339895A (en) Method of grinding gear teeth flanks
DD237998A5 (en) Method and device for producing evolventive formula dentals
US4165665A (en) Web cutting apparatus
RU2397059C2 (en) Method for relief grinding of tap cutter teeth, thread cutters and similar cutting tools and grinding machine for method realisation
EP0330289B1 (en) A process for the making and/or finishing of crown wheels
US3916569A (en) Methods of and means for producing helically toothed gears
SU925242A3 (en) Method and apparatus for grinding gears
CN203076705U (en) Automatic saw web tooth grinding machine
US2545730A (en) Grinding machine
US3906677A (en) Grinding of gear teeth
US3823538A (en) Reciprocating lifting mechanism for the gripper-rail in an automatic spool change installation of spinning, twisting and the like type machines
GB655895A (en) Method and apparatus for crown shaving gears
US4741195A (en) Apparatus for clamping and unclamping feed bars for a transfer press
US3099901A (en) Method and machine for finishing or testing gears
JP2677379B2 (en) Device for changing the degree of opening between a welding element and an opposing welding element in a packaging machine
US2330921A (en) Machine to produce spiral grooves
AT400417B (en) Method and device for controlling the cutting speed of cutting machines
GB503952A (en) An improved method of and apparatus for finishing gears
US2342232A (en) Method and machine for producing gears
US3717958A (en) Machine for lapping gears