US3752433A - Translucent plastic candle mold - Google Patents

Translucent plastic candle mold Download PDF

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Publication number
US3752433A
US3752433A US3752433DA US3752433A US 3752433 A US3752433 A US 3752433A US 3752433D A US3752433D A US 3752433DA US 3752433 A US3752433 A US 3752433A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
container
closed
open
wick
bar
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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M Berman
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AVALON AND COLORON Inc A FL CORP
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Avalon Industries Inc
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Priority to US20675571A priority Critical
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Publication of US3752433A publication Critical patent/US3752433A/en
Assigned to JAMES TALCOTT, INC., ( JTI") reassignment JAMES TALCOTT, INC., ( JTI") SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: AVALON INDUSTRIES, INC.
Assigned to EMPIRE OF AMERICA FEDERAL SAVINGS BANK "(EMPIRE") reassignment EMPIRE OF AMERICA FEDERAL SAVINGS BANK "(EMPIRE") SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: AVALON INDUSTRIES, INC.
Assigned to AVALON AND COLORON, INC., A FL CORP. reassignment AVALON AND COLORON, INC., A FL CORP. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: AVALON INDUSTRIES INC., DEBTOR AND DEBTOR-IN-POSSESSION
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11CFATTY ACIDS FROM FATS, OILS OR WAXES; CANDLES; FATS, OILS OR FATTY ACIDS BY CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF FATS, OILS, OR FATTY ACIDS OBTAINED THEREFROM
    • C11C5/00Candles
    • C11C5/02Apparatus for preparation thereof
    • C11C5/023Apparatus for preparation thereof by casting or melting in a mould
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S425/00Plastic article or earthenware shaping or treating: apparatus
    • Y10S425/803Candle or crayon

Abstract

Apparatus for and method of making a candle having a wick fixed there within. The apparatus is comprised of a container having a closed end and an open end. The container is tapered towards the closed end thereof and has a hole formed within the closed end. The open end of the container has a first and second pair of protruding portions extending therefrom wherein the first pair is diametrically located from the second pair. A wick is passed through the hole at the closed end of the container and is attached to a solid bar, which bar extends over the open end of the container. The wick is pulled taut so that the bar is forced against the open end of the container and rests between each of the pair of protruding portions so as to limit the movement of the bar in a direction transverse to the axis of the bar. The tautly pulled wick is fastened to the closed end of the container by a screw. Molten wax is poured through the open end of and into the container and allowed to cool so as to solidify. The wick is disengaged from the bar and the closed end of the container and the finished candle is then removed therefrom.

Description

United States Patent [1 1 Berman [5. TRANSLUCENT PLASTIC CANDLE MOLD [75] inventor: Mort R. Bel-man, Brooklyn, NY.

[73] Assignee: Avalon Industries, Inc., Brooklyn,

[22] Filed: Dec. 10, 1971 [21] Appl. No.: 206,755

[52] US. Cl. 249/94, 47/34, 249/134, 425/803 [51] Int. Cl. B29d31/00 [58] Field of Search 249/94, 93, 127, 249/120, 134; 425/803; 264/275; 220/82 R; 47/34, D16. 7

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 26,429 12/ 1859 Halvorson 249/94 2,961,850 11/1960 Tupper 249/127 X 3,149,188 9/1964 Schmitt 249/134 X 3,527,439 9/1970 Lawmaster... 249/134 X 3,432,072 3/1969 Quercia 220/82 R X 3,009,603 11/1961 Stocltdale 47/DlG. 7 3,002,308 10/1961 Decarnp 47/34 UX Primary Examiner-Robert Baldwin Attorney-Morris Kirschstein, Bertram Ottinger et a1.

[45] Aug. 14, 1973 ABSTRACT Apparatus for and method of making a candle having a wick fixed there within. The apparatus is comprised of a container having a closed end and an open end. The container is tapered towards the closed end thereof and has a hole formed within the closed end. The open end of the container has a first and second pair of protruding portions extending therefrom wherein the first pair is diametrically located from the second pair. A wick is passed through the hole at the closed end of the container and is attached to a solid .bar, which bar extends over the open end of the container. The wick is pulled taut so that the bar is forced against the open end of the container and rests between:

each of the pair of protruding portions so as to limit the movement of the bar in a direction transverse to the axis of the bar. The tautly pulled wick is fastened to the closed end of the container by a screw. Molten wax is poured through the open end of and into the container and allowed to cool so as to solidify. The wick is disengaged from the bar and the closed end of the container and the finished candle is then removed therefrom.

6 Claim, 4 Drawing Figures BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to an apparatus for making,

candles.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the invention to provide apparatus formaking candles wherein that part of the wick which is embedded within the candle is of a fixedand' determinable overall length.

Other objects of the invention will in part be obvious and in part be pointed out hereinafter.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION In accordance witha broad aspect of the invention, candles of uniform size are made having wicksof the same overallzlength. vA container in which the candleis formed has a closed and an open end wherein the container is tapered towards the closed end and the closed end has a hole formed therein, which hole is tapered towards the open end of the container. The container also contains a first and second pair of protruding portions which extend fromthe open end of thecontainer, wherein the first pair is diametrically located with respect to the second pair. A wick is passed through the hole in the closed endof the container'and is attached to a solid bar. The bar extends past the edge of the open end of the container and is located between each of the first and second pairs of protruding portions. The wick is pulled taut and thetautly pulled wick is fixed to the closed end of the container. Molten wax is then poured into the ocntainer'and allowed to cool so as to solidify around at least a part of that portion of the wick which extendsbetween the closed end and the open endof the container. The wick is disengaged from the closed end of the container and the .bar at the openend of the container, and the candle is then removed from the container.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In accordance with one aspect of the invention, FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of a'container 10, which container has a circular cross-section.and is tapered towards its closed end 12. As shown in FIG. 2, closed end l2 is inset from a bottom edge 14 of container 10. Respective first and'second pairs 16 and 18 of protrusions extend form an edge of an open end 20 of container 10. I

First pair 16 is diametrically located from second pair l8 along the edgeof open end 20.

A cord or wick 22 is passed through a hole 24 in closed end 12 of container 10 and extends towards i open end 20 thereof. A portion 26 of wick 22 is tied to a solid bar 28, which bar extends over or past the edge of open end 20. It should be noted that hole 24 can be' tapered towards the open end 20 of container 10 so as to facilitate the passing of wick 22 therethrough. Bar 28 (as shown in FIG. 1) is positioned between each pair of respective pairs of protruding portions 16 and 18 so as to limit the movement of bar 28 in the direction transverse to the axis of bar 28. That portion of wick 22, which extends through hole-24 in closed end 12 of container' 10, is pulled so that the part of wick 22, which is located between the open and closed end of container 10, it taut. Once wick 22.has been pulled taut, and bar 28 is pressed against open end 20 of container 10 as shown-in FIG. 3, a screw 30, having a head 32 and ashank34, isfastened to hole 24 in such a manner that shank34'of screw 30 presses wick 22 against the side of hole 24, and. head 34 of screw-30 presses wick 22 againstthe bottomsurface of closed end 12 'of container 10. It should be noted that head 32'of screw 30 does not extend outwardly beyond edge 14 of container 10, and thus allows container 10 to stand upright in a stable manner.

Now molten wax, such as paraffin, ispoured. into container 10. The wax is then allowed to cool and solidify, wherein at least a part of wick 22, which extends betweentheopenand closed ends of container .10, becomes embedded therein. After the wax has solidified and the candle is formed therein, wick 22 is disengaged from bar 28 and. closed end 12 of container 10; The formed candle is then removed from container 10.

To facilitate removal of the candle from container 10; besides being tapered as described above, container 10 ismadeof a slick and pliable type of I material such as polyethylene. To further facilitate removal of the formed candle from container 10, the inside of the container can be coated with a lubricant such as mineral oil, vegetableoil or petrolatum. Other types of releasing agents can beused to coat the inner surface of container 10, such as silicone and quilon. The former are organo polysiloxanes and the latter is a stearatochromicchloride made by E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Company, Inc., Grasselli chemical division of Wilmington, Del. In order to increase the adhesion of the release agents to the interior of container 10, the interior thereof can be bombarded with a high voltage or gamma rays.

As shown in FIG. 4, container 10 can have other described above freesone from the necessity of having I to hold the wick over the container while the molten wax is being poured therein. c

It should be noted that thecontainer can be translucent so that theexact amount of colored wax, which is being poured therein, canbe visually observed bylookingat the outside of the container. It should also be noted that, alternatively, the container canbe made 'of other types of material, such as metal.

It is thus seen that there is provided an apparatus for making a candle which achieves the several objects of the invention and is well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.

As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiments above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein described, or shown in the accompanying drawings, is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim:

1. Apparatus for making a candle having a wick fixed therein, said apparatus comprising:

A. a unitary container i. having a. an open end and b. a closed end,

ii. said container being tapered from said open end toward said closed end,

iii. said container being formed of plastic,

iv. said plastic being translucent so that molten wax poured therein can be visually observed from the outside of the container,

v. said container having a slick interior surface to facilitate removal of solidified wax therefrom,

vi. said container being pliable to further facilitate removal of solidified wax therefrom, and

B. means including an opening in the closed end of the container and a member bridging the open end of the container for holding a wick extending between said ends of the container so that at least a part of the wick extends between the open and closed ends of the container and becomes embedded in a candle in the form of solidified wax formed in the container and so that a part of the wick extends beyond the solidified wax.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein an element is engaged in said opening to close the opening and to captively hold a wick between said element and the walls of said opening.

3. Apparatus according to claim 2 wherein the opening in the closed end tapers toward the open end and wherein the element engaged in said opening is a screw.

4. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the bridging member is elongated and wherein the mouth of the container at the open end thereof includes diametrically opposed formations in which the bridging memher is received at opposite ends thereof so as to limit movement of the bridging member in a direction transverse to its longitudinal axis.

5. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the plastic of which the container is formed is polyethylene.

6. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the side walls of the container extend beyond the closed end thereof whereby the closed end is in-set from the bottom edge of the container.

Claims (6)

1. Apparatus for making a candle having a wick fixed therein, said apparatus comprising: A. a unitary container i. having a. an open end and b. a closed end, ii. said container being tapered from said open end toward said closed end, iii. said container being formed of plastic, iv. said plastic being translucent so that molten wax poured therein can be visually observed from the outside of the container, v. said container having a slick interior surface to facilitate removal of solidified wax therefrom, vi. said container being pliable to further facilitate removal of solidified wax therefrom, and B. means including an opening in the closed end of the container and a member bridging the open end of the container for holding a wick extending between said ends of the container so that at least a part of the wick extends between the open and closed ends of the container and becomes embedded in a candle in the form of solidified wax formed in the container and so that a part of the wick extends beyond the solidified wax.
2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein an element is engaged in said opening to close the opening and to captively hold a wick between said element and the walls of said opening.
3. Apparatus according to claim 2 wherein the opening in the closed end tapers toward the open end and wherein the element engaged in said opening is a screw.
4. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the bridging member is elongated and wherein the mouth of the container at the open end thereof includes diametrically opposed formations in which the bridging member is received at opposite ends thereof so as to limit movement of the bridging member in a direction transverse to its longitudinal axis.
5. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the plastic of which the container is formed is polyethylene.
6. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the side walls of the container extend beyond the closed end thereof whereby the closed end is in-set from the bottom edge of the container.
US3752433D 1971-12-10 1971-12-10 Translucent plastic candle mold Expired - Lifetime US3752433A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881682A (en) * 1973-08-03 1975-05-06 Henry Kin Candle mold
US4206899A (en) * 1978-07-24 1980-06-10 Whitehead Arthur L Apparatus for molded ice sculpture
US6318557B1 (en) 1995-08-07 2001-11-20 Mercado Latino, Inc. Candle shipping container
KR100317665B1 (en) * 1999-08-19 2001-12-22 박대수 A candle for ornamental and the manufacture mold also manufacture method
WO2002032787A1 (en) * 2000-10-17 2002-04-25 Scannell Nicholas G Apparatus and method for forming and packaging votive candles
US6457962B1 (en) * 1999-12-29 2002-10-01 David A. Elmore Water candle box
US7736145B1 (en) 2002-05-03 2010-06-15 Horvath Daivid G Candle wick straightening method and apparatus
US20130183629A1 (en) * 2012-01-12 2013-07-18 Daniel L. Gan Eversible candle holder
US8882496B2 (en) 2011-04-21 2014-11-11 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Container candle, insert therefor and method of making
US10697686B2 (en) * 2017-08-02 2020-06-30 Nely Cristina Braidotti Cavalari Constructive layout applied to ice tray
US10844320B2 (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-11-24 Byron Alexander Apparatuses and methods for fast manual candle wick setting

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US26429A (en) * 1859-12-13 Candle-mold
US2961850A (en) * 1954-10-28 1960-11-29 Tupper Corp Individualized ice mold
US3002308A (en) * 1958-07-11 1961-10-03 Decamp Andre Emile Artificial plant
US3009603A (en) * 1958-06-16 1961-11-21 Illinois Tool Works Plastic flower pot
US3149188A (en) * 1958-11-07 1964-09-15 Schmitt Paul Manufacture of ready-to-use cakes of soap and like cleansing materials
US3432072A (en) * 1966-02-16 1969-03-11 Quercia Flaminaire Sa Recharge vessels for a liquified gas under pressure
US3527439A (en) * 1968-07-15 1970-09-08 Holly V Lawmaster Mold for casting test samples

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US26429A (en) * 1859-12-13 Candle-mold
US2961850A (en) * 1954-10-28 1960-11-29 Tupper Corp Individualized ice mold
US3009603A (en) * 1958-06-16 1961-11-21 Illinois Tool Works Plastic flower pot
US3002308A (en) * 1958-07-11 1961-10-03 Decamp Andre Emile Artificial plant
US3149188A (en) * 1958-11-07 1964-09-15 Schmitt Paul Manufacture of ready-to-use cakes of soap and like cleansing materials
US3432072A (en) * 1966-02-16 1969-03-11 Quercia Flaminaire Sa Recharge vessels for a liquified gas under pressure
US3527439A (en) * 1968-07-15 1970-09-08 Holly V Lawmaster Mold for casting test samples

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881682A (en) * 1973-08-03 1975-05-06 Henry Kin Candle mold
US4206899A (en) * 1978-07-24 1980-06-10 Whitehead Arthur L Apparatus for molded ice sculpture
US6318557B1 (en) 1995-08-07 2001-11-20 Mercado Latino, Inc. Candle shipping container
KR100317665B1 (en) * 1999-08-19 2001-12-22 박대수 A candle for ornamental and the manufacture mold also manufacture method
US6457962B1 (en) * 1999-12-29 2002-10-01 David A. Elmore Water candle box
US6428310B1 (en) 2000-10-17 2002-08-06 Scannell Nicholas G. Apparatus and method for forming and packaging votive candles
WO2002032787A1 (en) * 2000-10-17 2002-04-25 Scannell Nicholas G Apparatus and method for forming and packaging votive candles
US7736145B1 (en) 2002-05-03 2010-06-15 Horvath Daivid G Candle wick straightening method and apparatus
US8882496B2 (en) 2011-04-21 2014-11-11 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Container candle, insert therefor and method of making
US20130183629A1 (en) * 2012-01-12 2013-07-18 Daniel L. Gan Eversible candle holder
US9341365B2 (en) * 2012-01-12 2016-05-17 Daniel L. Gan Eversible candle holder
US10697686B2 (en) * 2017-08-02 2020-06-30 Nely Cristina Braidotti Cavalari Constructive layout applied to ice tray
US10844320B2 (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-11-24 Byron Alexander Apparatuses and methods for fast manual candle wick setting

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Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: JAMES TALCOTT, INC., ( JTI"), 1633 BORADWAY, NEW Y

Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AVALON INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004363/0416

Effective date: 19850208

AS Assignment

Owner name: EMPIRE OF AMERICA FEDERAL SAVINGS BANK "(EMPIRE"),

Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AVALON INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004506/0696

Effective date: 19860131

AS Assignment

Owner name: AVALON AND COLORON, INC., C/O ROBERT E. SWAIN, CRA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:AVALON INDUSTRIES INC., DEBTOR AND DEBTOR-IN-POSSESSION;REEL/FRAME:004740/0970

Effective date: 19861223

Owner name: AVALON AND COLORON, INC., A FL CORP.,FLORIDA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AVALON INDUSTRIES INC., DEBTOR AND DEBTOR-IN-POSSESSION;REEL/FRAME:4740/970

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AVALON INDUSTRIES INC., DEBTOR AND DEBTOR-IN-POSSESSION;REEL/FRAME:004740/0970