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US3748809A - Trussed joist structure - Google Patents

Trussed joist structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US3748809A
US3748809A US3748809DA US3748809A US 3748809 A US3748809 A US 3748809A US 3748809D A US3748809D A US 3748809DA US 3748809 A US3748809 A US 3748809A
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Prior art keywords
member
chord
members
end
web
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Expired - Lifetime
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E Jackson
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STEEL WEB CORP
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STEEL WEB CORP
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/29Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures
    • E04C3/292Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures the materials being wood and metal

Abstract

A special structure particularly applicable for a mobile home roof support including a joist frame braced with steel web members having flat connecting ends and an angled body portion.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Jackson 1451 July 31,1973

1 1 TRUSSED JOIST STRUCTURE [75] Inventor Edg aF DIjacksom'Claremont,

[21] Appl. No.2 169,998

[52] US. Cl. 52/644, 52/693 [51] Int. Cl. E04c 3/42 [58] Field of Search 52/693, 692, 690,

52/643, 644, 639, 695, 694, 45, 143, DIG. 6

1,899,344 2/1933 Macomber 52/690 X 3,531,904 10/1970 Sanford 52/693 X 3,570,204 3/1971 Birkemier 52/693 X 2,159,589 5/1939 Edison 52/644 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 613,947 12/1948 Great Britain 52/693 857,139 11/1952 Germany 52/693 Primary Examiner-John E. Murtagh Assistant Examiner-Carl D. Friedman Attorney-William W. l-laefliger, Calvin White and Louis J. Bachand, Jr.

[57] ABSTRACT A special structure particularly applicable for a mobile [56] References Cited home roof support including a joist frame braced with UNITED STATES PATENTS steel web members having flat connecting ends and an 2,068,052 1/1937 Coddington 52/694 x angled y P 1,523,711 1/1925 Powell 52/695 2,732,251 1/1956 Meaker 52/71 1 Claim, 4 Drawing Figures 14 2! 2? 16 2a 2a 7 ,za 14 2G I I I .1 I I F I \2 29 i I I 33/ 28%, {a A La 25 46 29 PATENTEU JUL31 I973 3 7481309 INVENTO/Q 0602 D. (l re/($0M TRUSSED J OIST STRUCTURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Prior to this invention difficulty was experienced in providing adequate support for mobile home roofs which was light in weight, durable, easy to use and not unreasonably expensive.

The existing conventional structures used for this purpose often were secured by glue and with gussets which tended to fail under stress. When such structures were made heavy enough to be durable, even further stress and consequent breakdowns of the structure were likely to occur. On the other hand, conventional lightweight roof supporting structures did not have sufficient rigidity and strength to be adequate for the heavy loads of large mobile homes.

Consequently, the primary purpose of this invention is to provide roof supporting structures adequate for large mobile homes which are light in weight and, at the same time, form a durable rigid support. 7

Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1. is a partial view, in perspective, of a mobile home utilizing trussed joist structure shown in ghost views in accordance with this invention.

FIG. 2 is an elevational view of a trussed joist taken through the vertical plane of support of 22 in FIG. 1 showing upper and lower chord members interconnected by short vertical compression web members and diagonal tension web members.

FIG. 3 is a fragmented perspective enlarged detail view of the diagonal tension web members interconnected to the upper and lower chords.

FIG. 4 cross-sectional view taken through 4-4 of FIG. 3 showing the angle formed section of the central body portion of a diagonal tension web member.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The special lightweight, rigid structures in accordance with this'invention, which are particularly applicable for use as mobile home trussed joist roof supports include spaced upper and lower chord members connected by short, generally vertical compression web members and interconnected, diagonally mounted, steel web tension members.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring to the drawings, a preferred embodiment of this invention is illustrated which, in general, includes specially trussed joists for support of a mobile home roof 12. Each of these joists 10 has a frame which includes an elongated upper chord member 14 and a matching, elongated lower chord member l6 spaced vertically below it. The joists 10 are interconnected parallel to each other and spaced laterally sufficient to provide the required roof support.

A plurality of horizontally spaced, short, vertical web members 18 interconnect the upper chord member 14 and the lower chord member 16. Toward the end of a joist 10 the chord member 14 and 16 approach closer to each other, so that they are interconnected by a vertical web member that functions as an end web member 20 which, as shown, takes the form of a short block shaped to conform to the adjacent abutting portion of the chord members.

In between at least some of the vertical web members 18 are diagonally mounted angled web numbers 22 which extend in a generally vertical plane interconnect ing the upper chord member 14 and the lower chord member 16. These angled web members 22 are formed with an angled central body portion 24 terminating at a flat upper end 26 intended to be secured to the upper chord member 14 and a flat lower end 28 intended to be secured to the lower chord member 16.

Ordinarily, the angled web members 22 are made of steel strap which permits maximum strength with minimum weight. The legs which join to form the angled central body portion 24 extend approximately equally from their common juncture to their terminal edges.

In use, in the form shown in FIG. 3, the angled web members 22 are mounted between two vertical web members 18 (or end web member 20 when adjacent to an end) of a joist 10 by sliding the flat upper end 26 in between two separate wooden elements of the upper chord member 14 adjacent to one vertical web member 18. Similarly, the flat lower end 28 is slid in between two separate wooden elements of the lower chord member 16 adjacent to another vertical web member 18. The flat ends 26 and 28 are secured in place by suitable means. In the form shown in FIG. 2, the flat ends 26 and 28 are mounted between the respective upper and lower chord members 14 and 16, and the adjacent respective vertical web member 18 or end member 20.

Thus, as so mounted the angled web member 22 extends diagonally between upper chord member 14 and lower chord member 16 with the opposite ends 26 and 28 each adjacent to a vertical web member 18. A particularly strong, rigid, truss support for the joist 10 is provided by this structure since load bearing pressure on the chord member 14 and 16 causes tensioning of the angled web member 22. Such tension induced load is effectively carried by the angled web member 22 under compression of the vertical member 18, since the normal load bearing pressure is through the vertical plane of the upper and lower chord members l4 and 16, and the fastening of the ends 26 and 28 by staple or nail fasteners pass through the connected chords as in FIG. 3 or chord and vertical member 18 as in FIG. 2. This structural arrangement permits the maximum strength of the angled web member 22 to squarely meet the vertical load bearing force thereby allowing the weight and number of bracing supports for the joist 10 to be' reduced to the minimum.

It is vital to the performance of this invention that the staple or nail fasteners 29, when used, extend through the connected wood members and ends 26 and 28,with sufficient penetration to, not only hold the members in position under the tension stress of a load, but also, bind the members and end of the fastener ruptured angle web member by friction pressure. In this regard, the fasteners are driven blindly through the confined metallic end terminals 26 and 28.

As an example, this truss joint structure may used chord members 14 and 16 which are one by two inch boards of sufficient length to provide the lateral span for support of a mobile home roof. The vertical web members 18 are l by 2 inch boards cut just long enough to extend between that portion of the upper and lower chords l4 and 16 where they are required to be placed in combination with the diagonally mounted angled web members 22 for the particular load which is to be supported. Since the distance between the upper and lower chords 14 and 16 varies, depending on the distance from their end connection, the length of the vertical web member will accordingly vary.

The spacing of the vertical web member 18 also varies in accordance with the load to be supported, and for minimum suitable support typically ranges from 20 to 40 inches apart. An angled web member 22 which has been found suitable for use in this invention is made of l to 2 inch width steel angle strap which has an angled central body portion 24 of a length that substantially extends the full distance between the ends 26'and 28. The length of each of the angled web members 22 varies according to the spacing of the upper and lower chords l4 and 16 and the vertical chords 18 adjacent to which the opposite ends 26 and 28 are mounted. These flat ends 26 and 28 are secured to chords l4 and 16 by fasteners such as 1% inch long staples.

Other forms of the diagonal load bearing member 22 which have ends 26 and 28 interconnected by stapletype fasteners 29, as previously discussed, may have body portion 24 which are tubular or corrugated, for instance, so long as they have similar rigidity to the angled body form described herein.

Though a preferred embodiment of this invention has been shown and described, this invention is not meant to be limited thereto, but is intended to embody all forms and modifications within the spirit of the following defined claims.

I claim:

l. A trussed joist frame structure comprising a. a longitudinally elongated wooden upper chord member,

b. a longitudinally elongated wooden lower chord member substantially equal in length to said upper chord member,

c. means connecting said upper and lower chord members so that said upper chord member is spaced for support, when in use, above said lower chord member in the same vertical plane, said means including multiple upright wooden block members which are longitudinally spaced apart along the lengths of said chord members and located therebetween, the laterally horizontal widths of said chord and block members being substantially less than the maximum vertical dimension between said chord members, two of said block members being respectively located at opposite ends of said structure and being longitudinally elongated,

(1. said means including multiple discrete metallic straps interconnecting said chord members at spaced locations therealong, said straps extending diagonally relative to said block members and having upper and lower flat end terminals confined flatly adjacent the inner sides of said wooden chord members and flatly adjacent the ends of said block members, each strap having one flat end terminal which is closest to the nearest end of the frame structure and which is also confined flatly adjacent the upper end of a block member, and each strap having an opposite flat end terminal which is furthest from the nearest end of the frame structure and which is also confined flatly adjacent the lower end of a next in sequence block member, the laterally horizontal widths of the straps also being substantially less than said dimension, each strap having an angled cross section at locations intermediate its end terminals,

e. there being nail type fasteners driven into said chord members from the exteriors thereof and blindly through said confined metallic end terminals which are ruptured immediately adjacent and about puncture openings formed by the fasteners, the thicknesses of said end terminals being substantially less than the vertical dimensions of the chord members, and the end terminals of the straps closest to the two elongated block members at opposite ends of the structure being confined and extending adjacent the inner side of the upper chord member, and

f. the upper chord member being concave toward the lower chord member of said joist structure so that the maximum vertical dimensions of said two end block members are each less than the maximum vertical dimension of each remaining block mem- I ber.

Claims (1)

1. A trussed joist frame structure comprising a. a longitudinally elongated wooden upper chord member, b. a longitudinally elongated wooden lower chord member substantially equal in length to said upper chord member, c. means connecting said upper and lower chord members so that said upper chord member is spaced for support, when in use, above said lower chord member in the same vertical plane, said means including multiple upright wooden block members which are longitudinally spaced apart along the lengths of said chord members and located therebetween, the laterally horizontal widths of said chord and block members being substantially less than the maximum vertical dimension between said chord members, two of said block members being respectively located at opposite ends of said structure and being longitudinally elongated, d. said means including multiple discrete metallic straps interconnecting said chord members at spaced locations therealong, said straps extending diagonally relative to said block members and having upper and lower flat end terminals confined flatly adjacent the inner sides of said wooden chord members and flatly adjacent the ends of said block members, each strap having one flat end terminal which is closest to the nearest end of the frame structure and which is also confined flatly adjacent the upper end of a block member, and each strap having an opposite flat end terminal which is furthest from the nearest end of the frame structure and which is also confined flatly adjacent the lower end of a next in sequence block member, the laterally horizontal widths of the straps also being substantially less than said dimension, each strap having an angled cross section at locations intermediate its end terminals, e. there being nail type fasteners driven into said chord members from the exteriors thereof and blindly through said confined metallic end terminals which are ruptured immediately adjacent and about puncture openings formed by the fasteners, the thicknesses of said end terminals being substantially less than the vertical dimensions of the chord members, and the end terminals of the straps closest to the two elongated block members at opposite ends of the structure being confined and extending adjacent the inner side of the upper chord member, and f. the upper chord member being concave toward the lower chord member of said joist structure so that the maximum vertical dimensions of said two end block members are each less than the maximum vertical dimension of each remaining block member.
US3748809A 1971-08-09 1971-08-09 Trussed joist structure Expired - Lifetime US3748809A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3861094A (en) * 1973-05-09 1975-01-21 Automated Building Components Building structure having unitized joint and connector strap therefor
US3925951A (en) * 1974-08-05 1975-12-16 Steel Web Corp Trussed joist
US4001999A (en) * 1972-12-29 1977-01-11 Benson Chandler Wood truss structure with eccentric end support
US4207719A (en) * 1978-04-03 1980-06-17 James Knowles Composite construction beam
US4245449A (en) * 1979-02-21 1981-01-20 Steel Web Corporation Truss employing both metallic and non-metallic webs
US4333293A (en) * 1980-05-19 1982-06-08 Steel Web Corporation Joist having differing metal web reinforcement
US4376362A (en) * 1979-02-21 1983-03-15 Steel Web Corporation Truss employing both metallic and non-metallic webs
US4501102A (en) * 1980-01-18 1985-02-26 James Knowles Composite wood beam and method of making same
US4525974A (en) * 1980-11-03 1985-07-02 Emil Steidle Gmbh & Co. Wood beam
US4548014A (en) * 1980-03-28 1985-10-22 James Knowles Metal joist construction
DE19808579A1 (en) * 1998-02-28 1999-09-16 Buero Dr Heller Tragwerksplanu Lightweight framework girder with modular design
US20040074195A1 (en) * 2000-11-14 2004-04-22 Claude Schmerber Method for making a wooden beam, wooden beam and structure for constructing a building
CN105201140A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-30 潘传龙 Environment-friendly double-leg hard steel-wood truss
CN105926851A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-09-07 江苏建科节能技术有限公司 Large-span truss
CN106013573A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-10-12 江苏建科节能技术有限公司 Large-span bamboo truss structure roof with heat insulation function and construction process thereof

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19537583A1 (en) * 1994-10-12 1996-04-18 Emil Peter Composite bridge structure

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1523711A (en) * 1923-10-01 1925-01-20 Paul R Powell Builder's hardware
US1899344A (en) * 1928-12-04 1933-02-28 Macomber Stanley Composite wood-metal structural member
US2068052A (en) * 1935-09-03 1937-01-19 Reynolds Corp Joist
US2159589A (en) * 1937-02-23 1939-05-23 Wm P Neil Company Ltd Roofing-truss structure
GB613947A (en) * 1946-03-12 1948-12-07 Nils Robert Alenius Improvements in or relating to supporting structures for use in buildings
DE857139C (en) * 1950-02-23 1952-11-27 Burkhardt Dipl-Ing Hoffmann Wooden lattice truss bridge belts and metal braces and methods for its preparation
US2732251A (en) * 1956-01-24 Collapsible house trailer
US3531904A (en) * 1968-06-17 1970-10-06 Sanford Arthur C Reinforced construction for wood stress members
US3570204A (en) * 1969-09-24 1971-03-16 Timber Structures Inc Truss joists

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2732251A (en) * 1956-01-24 Collapsible house trailer
US1523711A (en) * 1923-10-01 1925-01-20 Paul R Powell Builder's hardware
US1899344A (en) * 1928-12-04 1933-02-28 Macomber Stanley Composite wood-metal structural member
US2068052A (en) * 1935-09-03 1937-01-19 Reynolds Corp Joist
US2159589A (en) * 1937-02-23 1939-05-23 Wm P Neil Company Ltd Roofing-truss structure
GB613947A (en) * 1946-03-12 1948-12-07 Nils Robert Alenius Improvements in or relating to supporting structures for use in buildings
DE857139C (en) * 1950-02-23 1952-11-27 Burkhardt Dipl-Ing Hoffmann Wooden lattice truss bridge belts and metal braces and methods for its preparation
US3531904A (en) * 1968-06-17 1970-10-06 Sanford Arthur C Reinforced construction for wood stress members
US3570204A (en) * 1969-09-24 1971-03-16 Timber Structures Inc Truss joists

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4001999A (en) * 1972-12-29 1977-01-11 Benson Chandler Wood truss structure with eccentric end support
US3861094A (en) * 1973-05-09 1975-01-21 Automated Building Components Building structure having unitized joint and connector strap therefor
US3925951A (en) * 1974-08-05 1975-12-16 Steel Web Corp Trussed joist
US4207719A (en) * 1978-04-03 1980-06-17 James Knowles Composite construction beam
US4376362A (en) * 1979-02-21 1983-03-15 Steel Web Corporation Truss employing both metallic and non-metallic webs
US4245449A (en) * 1979-02-21 1981-01-20 Steel Web Corporation Truss employing both metallic and non-metallic webs
US4501102A (en) * 1980-01-18 1985-02-26 James Knowles Composite wood beam and method of making same
US4548014A (en) * 1980-03-28 1985-10-22 James Knowles Metal joist construction
US4333293A (en) * 1980-05-19 1982-06-08 Steel Web Corporation Joist having differing metal web reinforcement
US4525974A (en) * 1980-11-03 1985-07-02 Emil Steidle Gmbh & Co. Wood beam
DE19808579A1 (en) * 1998-02-28 1999-09-16 Buero Dr Heller Tragwerksplanu Lightweight framework girder with modular design
US20040074195A1 (en) * 2000-11-14 2004-04-22 Claude Schmerber Method for making a wooden beam, wooden beam and structure for constructing a building
US7185471B2 (en) * 2000-11-14 2007-03-06 Dorean Sarl Method for making a wooden beam, wooden beam and structure for constructing a building
CN105201140A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-30 潘传龙 Environment-friendly double-leg hard steel-wood truss
CN105926851A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-09-07 江苏建科节能技术有限公司 Large-span truss
CN106013573A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-10-12 江苏建科节能技术有限公司 Large-span bamboo truss structure roof with heat insulation function and construction process thereof

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