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Room air deodorizer

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Publication number
US3747902A
US3747902A US3747902DA US3747902A US 3747902 A US3747902 A US 3747902A US 3747902D A US3747902D A US 3747902DA US 3747902 A US3747902 A US 3747902A
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Prior art keywords
air
wall
sleeve
outer
device
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J Rushton
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WATERBURY COMPANIES Inc A CORP OF
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Rush-Hampton Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/015Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using gaseous or vaporous substances, e.g. ozone
    • A61L9/04Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using gaseous or vaporous substances, e.g. ozone using substances evaporated in the air without heating
    • A61L9/12Apparatus, e.g. holders, therefor
    • A61L9/122Apparatus, e.g. holders, therefor comprising a fan
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S261/00Gas and liquid contact apparatus
    • Y10S261/17Odorizers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S261/00Gas and liquid contact apparatus
    • Y10S261/88Aroma dispensers

Abstract

A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material includes a substantially hollow housing having an external air deflector at one end and an internal air deflector at the other end. At least two air carrying conduits extend outwardly from the outer surface of the housing. Each conduit has an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing. The passageway extends from its outer end inwardly toward the internal air deflector in a straight line to the interior of the housing. An air outlet is provided on the housing to permit deodorized air to leave the housing.

Description

United States Patent [191 Bailey [451 Jul 24,1973

1 1 ROOM AIR DEODORIZER [75] Inventor: James Rushton Bailey, Altamonte FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 167,644 5/1956 Australia 261/30 Primary Examiner-Frank W. Lutter Assistant Examiner-William Cuchlinski, Jr.

Att0mey-Finnegan, Henderson & Farabow 57] ABSTRACT A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material includes a substantially hollow housing having an external air deflector at one end and an internal air deflector at the other end. At least two air carrying conduits extend outwardly from the outer surface of the housing. Each conduit has an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing. The passageway extends from its outer end inwardly toward the internal air deflector in a straight line to the interior of the housing. An air outlet is provided on the housing to permit deodorized air to leave the housing.

20 Claims, 14 Drawing Figures PATENIEL 3.747.902

sum 1 or 4 FIG. 4

MW m'mn JAMES RUSHTON BAILEY BY filze alg 170002415012 6:?01/0620 ATTOR N EYS PAIENIED 3.747. 902

' sum 2 or 4 llllll/IIII/IIIII/f ///77DG//DOC//DOCFI 7 INVENTOB JAMES RUSHTON BAILEY BY 3207a, f/e/lc/M'sorz (2 Zaow ATTORNEYS PATENTEL JIM-41975 3. 747. 902

SHEET 3 OF 4 HIM FIG". 11'

mv m'ron JAMES RUSHTON BAILEY 370700, fnoaspizgayimbw I PATENIELJULMMS SHEET & [1F 4 mv ENTOR JAMES RUSHTON BAIL ATTOIIN EYS ROOM AIR DEODORIZER This invention relates to a device for bringing gaseous material into surface contact with a solid or liquid, and more particularly to a device for bringing odoriferous air into surface contact with a solid or liquid deodorant.

Many office buildings and apartment houses are equipped with central air conditioning and heating systems which control the flow of air throughout the building. Air outlets from these systems are not, however, placed in every room of the building or house. The air in rooms without air outlets from central systems is not subject to a great amount of air circulation and forms pockets of stagnant air. In particular, internal bathrooms, powder rooms, and kitchens in houses, apartments, motels, hospitals, and the like, often do not have an air outlet for circulating air from the central air conditiong and heating system and are known as closed air rooms.

The air in rooms without air outlets often becomes stale, musty, or odoriferous, and it is frequently necessary to provide an alternate system for circulating the air in these rooms. In the past, a central air duct extending throughout the house or apartment and having outlets in rooms that are not connected to the central system has sometimes been used to circulate the air in these rooms. An area of low pressure is created in the central duct which results in the pulling or drawing of air from these, rooms into the central duct. In turn, fresh air is pulled into these rooms from adjoining rooms which are connected to the central system. The use of a central duct, however, is quite costly and is inefficient in providing fresh air to closed air rooms since the draw created in the central duct is usually not great enough to effect a large circulation.

Fans located in one of the walls of a closed air room or elsewhere in the room have also been used to circulate the air in these rooms. These fans, however, do not treat the air in the room to remove odor or bring in fresh air free of odor, but merely circulate the odoriferous air. v i

In the past, deodorizing compositions have been used to clear the air of objectionable odors. These compositions have been placed in aerosol sprays, deodorizing sticks, liquid containers and various other devices which enable odoriferous air to come into contact with the deodorizing compositions. These devices, however, have various drawbacks. For example, aerosol sprays are intermittently operated and thus do not continuously contact the deodorant with the air. Deodorant sticks effectively contact a small portion only' of the air to be treated. Prior liquid deodorant holders capable of effectively treating large volumes of air have occupied relatively large areas of space.

It is therefore a primary object of this invention to provide a new and improved device for holding a deodorizing liquid or solid material which enables odoriferous air to come in contact with deodorant.

It is another object of this invention to provide a device that is easy to refill, reliable, safe, and which can be repeatedly used over a long period of time.

It is a further object of this invention to provide an improved deodorizing system that is capable of bringing large quantities of air into contact with a deodorant.

Additional objects and advantages of this invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will be obvious from that description or may be learned by the practice of the invention. The objects and advantages are realized and attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

To achieve its objects and in accordance withits purpose, this inventionprovides a device for contacting odoriferous air with a liquid or solid deodorant material. As embodied and broadly described, this device comprises a substantially hollow housing having an external air deflector at one end and an internal air deflector at the other end; at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, the passageway extending from the outer end inwardly toward the internal air deflector in a straight through path to the hollow interior of the housing; and an air outlet on the housing.

Preferably, the housing includes a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall and the internal air deflector comprises a removable closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall.

Additionally, it is preferred that each air passageway has an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve, and the removable closure has a hollow stem which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway; the stem being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageway and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet.

It is also preferred that the outer surface of the external air deflector is in the form of a cone and that the external'air deflector have an internal recess which communicates with the hollow of the sleeve. It is further preferred that the air outlet comprises transversely aligned openings and that the air conduits are transversely aligned.

In accordance with the invention the device is mounted on a support within an enclosure having a front perforated wall, and a means for directing air past the external air deflector toward the air carrying conduits'is mounted within the enclosure on another support.

It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory but are not restrictive of the invention.

The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate several embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.

Of the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a room air deodorizer device made in accordance with the teachings of this invention.

FIG. 2 is a left side elevation view of the device shown in FIG. 1 looking from the cone shaped end of the device toward its opposite end.

FIG. 3 is a right side elevation view of the device shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a vertical section of the device shown in FIG. 3 taken along line 44 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 is a side sectional view of an enclosure supporting a device made in accordance with the teachings of this invention and having a fan for drawing air past the device.

FIG. 6 is a partial side view of another embodiment of an enclosure for supporting a device made in accordance with the teachings of the present invention.

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of another embodiment of a device made in accordance with the teachings of this invention.

FIG. 8 is a sectional view of the device shown in FIG. 7.

FIG. 9 is a right side elevation view of the device shown in FIG. 7.

FIG. 10 is a side elevation view of an alternate embodiment of this invention having three air carrying conduits.

FIG. 11 is a plan view of an alternate embodiment of the device of this invention showing air outlet openings adjacent the external air deflector.

FIG. 12 is an exploded view in section of another embodiment of the device of this invention and showing a stem wall opening in the stem of an internal air deflector.

FIG. 13 is a partial perspective view of the device of FIG. 12 and showing the internal air deflector in an operative position.

FIG. 14 is a partial perspective view of the device of FIG. 12 and showing the internal air deflector in an inoperative position.

In accordance with this invention, the device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorant includes a substantially hollowhousing having an internal air deflector at one end and an external air deflector at the other end. As here embodied, and as best seen in FIGS. 1 and 4, the housing includes an elongated cylindrical sleeve, generally 20, having a hollow interior 22 defined by a cylindrical sleeve wall 24. Sleeve wall 24 has an inner surface 26 and an outer surface 28. The housing, including the sleeve wall, is made of a suitable material such as plastic, and is preferably made of a clear or translucent plastic which enables light to be transmitted so that the level of deodorant in the housing can be readily determined. Plastic materials suitable for use in the present invention include polymeric materials such as, for example, polyethylene, polystyrene and the like.

As best seen in FIGS. 3 and 4, an internal air deflector, generally 30, in the form of a removable closure, is positioned within an open first end 32 of sleeve 20. Internal air deflector 30 has a cylindrical stem 34 which engages inner surface 26 of sleeve wall 24, and an outer cylindrical collar 36 which has a diameter substantially equal to the outer diameter of sleeve 20. A shoulder 38 connects the outer surface of collar 36 with the outer surface of stem 34. Internal air deflector 30 is dimensioned so that when it is inserted within open end 32 of sleeve its stem 34 sealingly engages inner surface 26 of sleeve wall 24 while shoulder 38 abuts against the end of the sleeve wall to prevent any liquid material that may be within the interior of the sleeve from leaking out through that end. Stem 34 has a flat end face 40 that faces the interior of sleeve 20 and deflects air entering the sleeve from its open end 32 to its opposite second end 42.

Second end 42 of sleeve 20 is provided with an external air deflector 44 in the form of a substantially solid cone having its apex 46 as the outermost part of the device. This end of the device is the end past which the oderiferous air initially flows, and thus must direct the air toward the air conduits, generally 56 and 58, described in greater detail hereafter, to permit air to enter the interior of sleeve 20. It has been found that use of an external air deflector having an outer surface in the form of a cone is important in permitting the flowing air to be directed toward air conduits 56 and 58. External air deflectors having other outer shapes are not as effective in directing air toward air conduits, and, in fact, can direct substantial portions of air to be treated away, from the air conduits.

As best seen in FIG. 4, the interior of external air deflector 44 is provided with a recess 50 which is connected to hollow interior 22 of sleeve 20. Recess 50 is comprised of a generally rectangular opening which communicates with hollow interior 22 of sleeve 20 at one end and which terminates in a cone shaped opening at its other end. Recess 50 increases the amount of deodorant that can be held within the interior of the device and thus external air deflector 44 is preferably provided with such a recess. Though it is preferred to provide a recess in external air deflector 44, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the recess could be eliminated without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, as illustrated in FIG. 8, an external air-deflector 52 is entirely solid.

In an alternate embodiment of the external air deflector, and as shown in FIG. 11, the outer surface of the deflector is in the form of a truncated cone 53. It has been found that use of a truncated cone shape does not substantially interfere with the flow of air toward air conduits 56 and 58 and it is sometimes desirable to use this configuration, although best results are usually achieved with a cone that is not truncated. In a further embodiment of the external air deflector, as shown in FIG. 8, an external notch 54 is provided in the outer surface of the cone.

In accordance with this invention, at least two projecting air carrying conduits extend outwardly from the outer surface of the housing. Each conduit has an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, with the passageway extending from its outer end inwardly toward the internal air deflector in a straight-through path to the interior of the housing.

As here embodied, and as shown in FIG. 1, a first air conduit 56 and a second air conduit 58 are transversely aligned adjacent internal air deflector 30 and extend radially outward from outer surface 28 of sleeve wall 24. Conduits 56 and 58 each have a flat front wall 60 whose outer surface lies in a plane which extends substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the housing. Front wall 60 is bounded by two opposed side walls 62 and 64 whose outer surface lies in planes which are parallel to the longitudinal axis of the housing, and a top wall 66 which extends downwardly from the top edge of front wall 60 to outer surface 28 of sleeve wall 24 adjacent internal air deflector 30.

Each air conduit 56 and,58 is provided with an air passageway, generally 68, which extends from front wall 60 inwardly toward internal air deflector 30 in a straight-through path to the hollow interior of sleeve 20. Air passageway 68 has an outer open end 70 adjacent the top of front wall 60 and terminates in an inner opening 71 in sleeve wall 24 which permits air to enter the interior of sleeve 20.

Air passageway 68 is cylindrical in cross-sectional shape, but as shown in FIG. 2, its ends are elliptical because they lie in planes that are transverse to the longitudinal axis of the passageway. The straight-through path of air passageway 68 is an important feature of this invention since it has been found that paths other than straight-through paths, such as paths which have bends therein, cause a substantial pressure drop to occur in the passageway, resulting in a decrease in the ability of the device to accommodate high air flow rates. As seen in FIGS. 1 and 4, air passageway 68 forms an acute angle with the longitudinal axis of the housing. The structure of the present device with air passageways that form acute angles with the longitudinal axis of the device causes a cyclonic air flow within the interior of the device so that the air comes into efficient surface contact with the deodorant material.

As best seen in FIGS. l-3, air conduits 56 and 58 are positioned approximately 90 from each other about the outer periphery of sleeve 20. It is preferred that when using only two air conduits that they be positioned at least 90 apart from each other to enable different segments of the air flowing past the device to be directed into its interior. The conduits can, however, as illustrated in FIG. 7, be diametrically opposed to each otherabout the outer periphery of sleeve 20. Conduits that are spaced apart 180 are desirably used when the air to be treated is divided into two distinct air streams that pass opposed portions of the device.

As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, the device can be provided with more than two conduits, such as the device illustrated in FIG. having three air conduits 72 that are an equal distance from each other. The use of more than two air conduits insures that the air entering the device is a representative sampling of the air circulating in the room. The exact number of air conduits and their relative position can, of course, be varied to meet the requirements of particular air circulation systems, but at leasttwo air conduits are needed to bring about a representative sampling of the air circulating in the room.

' In accordance with the invention, an air outlet is provided on the housing. As here embodied, and as shown in FIG. 1, the air outlet comprises two spaced circular openings 74 and 76 located in sleeve wall 24 between air conduits 56 and 58 adjacent their front wall 60. Openings 74 and 76 permit air that has entered the interior of the housing and contacted the deodorant within the housing to leave the device free from objectionable odors. Openings 74 and 76 face toward the internal air deflecting end of the device so that the leaving air is directed toward that end of the device. The number of air openings and their exact location on sleeve wall 24 can readily be determined by those of oris filled with deodorant through open end 32 of sleeve 20, internal air deflector 30 is placed within the open end to provide a sealed hollow interior. The device is then supported in any suitable structure and means are provided for directing air pass external air deflector 44 toward air conduits 56 and 58. As the air reaches air conduits 56 and 58 it enters the interior of the device through air passageways 68 and comes into surface contact with the deodorant contained within the device.

It is preferred to support the device of the present invention in a structure which hides it from view. A suitable structure for supporting the device is shown in FIG. 5 and comprises a substantially rectangular enclosure generally which has a perforated front wall, generally 82, which directly communicates with the air in the closed air room. Front wall 82 has a bottom screened section 84 for admitting air to enclosure 80 and a top louver section 86 for permitting air to leave the enclosure. A support bar 88 extends toward the middle of enclosure 80 from front wall 82 to back wall 90 and a brace 92 is angularly connected to support bar 88 and to the back wall. Brace 92 receives and supports a fan 96.

' As shown in FIG. 5, a second brace 94 is positioned above support bar 88. A device 93, made in accordance with the embodiment of FIGS. 1-4 is supported in a substantially vertical direction in this brace. Fan 96 draws air from the closed air room into enclosure 80 through bottom screened section 84 and past external air deflector 44. As the air flows past external air deflector '44, it is directed to air conduits 56 and 58 where it enters air passageways 68. Air passageways 68 direct air traveling therein toward and into contact with end face 40 of internal air deflector 30 which in turn deflects the air toward the other end of the device and into contact with the deodorant. Odoriferous air is continuously brought into the device and drives air which has been treated with the deodorant out through air outlet openings 74 and 76 to permit the treated air to re-enter the closed air room.

The enclosure for the device of the present invention can be a portable unit or can be mounted on a wall or ceiling. Also, the enclosure can comprise a recess in a wall or ceiling and if desired, a perforated screen can be used to close the opening to the recess. Deodorizing systems using the device of this invention can be used in a varietyof places such as submarines, automobiles, trains, bathrooms, kitchens and any other place where stale, musty, or offensively odoriferous air is present. The exact size of the device of the present invention and the size of the fan to pull the offensive air into the device will of course depend on the amount of air to be treated. For example, in rooms of approximately 80 to 225 square feet, a fan which will cause air to enter the device at a rate of 65 cubic feet per minute can be used to providean efficient deodorizing system.

In an alternate embodiment of the internal air deflector, and as best seen in FIGS. 12 to 14, an internal air deflector, generally 98, has a cylindrical stem 100 which sealingly engages inner surface 26 of sleeve wall 24 and a collar, generally 102. Stem 98 is hollow and has an annular stem wall 104 which extends past air outlet openings 74 and 76, and past the inner openings 71 in sleeve wall 24 which permits air to enter the interior of sleeve 20. Stem wall 104 has a stem wall opening 106 which, as best seen in FIG. 13, extends about a portion of the circumference of the stem wall slightly greater than the circumferential distance between the inner openings 71 in air passageways 68 and thus greater than the distance between air outlet openings 74 and 76. In the axial direction, stem wall opening 106 begins immediately before the inner openings 71 of air passageways 68 and extends beyond air outlet openings 74 and 76.

Collar 102, as best seen in FIG. 12, has a cylindrical hub which axially extends into the interior of sleeve 20 from an inner flat end face of the collar. Hub 108 has an axial extending bore 1 at its center and a wick 112 made of a suitable absorbent material has one end firmly held within the bore. The outer cylindrical surface of collar 102 is serrated or notched to enable a user to firmly grip the collar so that he can remove the collar or turn it in either direction when it is positioned within sleeve 20. An indicator marker 114 projects outwardly from the outer cylindrical surface of the collar immediately above the center of stem wall opening 106. An alignment marker 116 is provided on the outer surface of sleeve wall 24 between air outlet openings 76 and 78.

Internal air deflector 98 is movable between an operative position and an inoperative position. In the operative position, and as best seen in FIG. 13, stern wall opening 106 is aligned with air outlet openings 74 and 76, and inner openings 71 of air passageways 68 to permit communication between these openings and the interior of the sleeve so that air can enter the interior of the sleeve through inner openings 71 and leave through the outlet openings. In the inoperative position, and as best seen in FIG. 14,.stem wall 104 overlies air outlet openings 74 and 76 and inner openings 71 of air passageways 68 to block or prevent communication between these openings and the interior of the sleeve. In this position, all of the openings of the device are closed so that the device is sealed and any material within the device, such as a liquid deodorant, cannot escape or leak from the device. Also, in the closed position air cannot enter the device and cause the deodorant to be evaporated or contaminated, Thus, the closed position enables the device to be filled and then shipped without possibility of leakage, loss or contami nation of the deodorant material within the device. Internal air deflector 98 is rotatably movable between its operative and inoperative position by turning the collar. When internal air deflector 98 is in its operative position, indicator marker ll4on collar 102 and alignment marker 116 on sleeve will be in alignment.

When using the device of the present invention with its longitudinal axis aligned in a substantially vertical direction, it is preferred to provide a wick such as that shown in FIG. 12 within sleeve 20. Also, the wick can be in the form of a "T" having the outer ends of the top of the T in contact with opposed points on inner surface 26 of sleeve wall 24 and having its stem positioned within the liquid deodorant material within the housing. Use of a wick achieves additional contact between the odoriferous air entering the device and the deodorant liquid.

In another embodiment of the enclosure for supporting a device of the present invention, and as illustrated in FIG. 6, a front wall, generally 118, is provided with a bottom screen 120 and a removable top section 122 mounted on the screen. Top section 122 is imperforate and is spaced from the top wall 124 of the enclosure to provide an opening 126. In this embodiment, air to be treated enters through bottom screen 120 and after treatment leaves the enclosure through opening 126.

The invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific details shown and described and departures may be made from such details without departing from the principles of the invention and without sacrificing its chief advantages.

What is claimed is:

1. A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material comprising:

a. a substantially hollow housing including a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall, an internal air deflector at one end of the sleeve in a form of a removable closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and an external air deflector at the other end of the sleeve;

b. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, said passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector in a straight-through path to the hollow interior of the housing; and

c. an air outlet on the housing.

2. The device of claim 1 wherein each air passageway has an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve, and the removable closure has a hollow stem which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway; the stem having a stem wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet.

3. The device of claim 1 including a hub on said removable closure, said hub axially extending into the interior of the sleeve, and having an axially extending bore, and a wick positioned in and extending from said hub.

4. The device of claim 1 wherein the outer surface of said external air deflector is in the form of a cone.

5. The device of claim 4 wherein said external air deflector has an internal recess which communicates with the hollow of said sleeve, and said air outlet comprises transversely aligned openings on said sleeve wall.

6. The device of claim 1 wherein said passageway has a cylindrical cross-sectional shape.

7. The device of claim 1 wherein said air conduits are transversely aligned with each other and are equidistantly positioned about the outer periphery of the housmg.

8. The device of claim 1 wherein two air carrying conduits are spaced at least from each other about the outer periphery of the housing.

9. The device of claim 1 wherein said air carrying conduits have a front wall whose outer surface lies in a plane substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the housing and said outer end of said air passageway lies within said plane.

10. The device of claim 1 including wick means positioned in the hollow of the housing.

11. A deodorizing system for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorant comprising:

a. a substantially hollow enclosure having a perforated front wall;

b. first and second support means both mounted within the hollow of the enclosure;

c. a device mounted on one of said support means comprising:

1. a substantially hollow housing including a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall, an internal air deflector atone end of the sleeve in a form of a removable closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and an external air deflector at the other end of the sleeve;

2. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, said passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector in a straight-through path to the hollow interior of the housing; and

3. an air outlet on the housing; and

d. means mounted on the other support means for directing air past the external air deflector toward the air conduits.

12. The system according to claim 11 wherein said means for directing air past the external air deflector is a fan, and the outer surface of said external air deflector is in the form of a cone.

13. The system according to claim 12 wherein each air passageway has an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve, and the removable closure has a hollow stem which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway; the stem having a stem wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet.

14. A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material comprising:

aha substantially hollow housing comprising a cylindricalsleev'e having a sleeve wall and an internal air deflector at one end of the sleeve in the form of a removable closure which sealingly engages the sleeve wall;

b. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, and each air passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector; and

c. an air outlet on the housing.

15. A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material comprising:

a. a substantially hollow housing comprising a cylindrical sleeve having a sleevewall and an internal air deflector at one end in a form of a closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall;

b. an air outlet on the housings;

c. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing; each air passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector, and having an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve; and

d. a hollow stem on said closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway, the stem having a stem wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (1) the interior of the sleeve and (2) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between l) the interior of the sleeve and (2) the air passageways and air outlet.

16. A deodorizing system for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorant comprising:

a. a substantially hollow enclosure having a perforated front wall;

b. support means within the hollow of the enclosure;

c. a device mounted on said support means comprisl. a substantially hollow housing comprising a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall and an internal air deflector at one end in a form of a removable closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall,

2. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, and each passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector; and

3. an air outlet on the housing; and

d. means mounted on the support means for directing air toward the air conduits.

17. The system according to claim 17 wherein said means for directing air toward the air conduits is a fan.

18. The system according to claim 18 wherein each air passageway has an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve, and the removable closure has a hollow stem which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway; the stem having a stem .wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet.

19. A deodorizing system for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorant comprising:

a. a substantially hollow enclosure having a perforated front wall;

b. support means within the hollow of the enclosure;

'0. a device mounted on said support means comprisl. a substantially hollow housing comprising a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall and an internal air deflector at one end in a form of a closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall,

2. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, each passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector, and wherein each air passageway has an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve;

3. an air outlet on the housing; and

4. a hollow stem on the closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway; the stem having a stem wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet; and

d. means mounted on the support means for directing air toward the air conduits.

20. A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material comprising:

a. a substantially hollow housing comprising a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall and an internal air deflector at one end in a form of a closure having a longitudinally extending closure wall which sealingly engages the sleeve wall, one of said walls being an inner wall and the other an outer wall;

b. an air outlet on the housing;

0. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing; each air passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector, and having an inner opening in said outer wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve; and

(1. said inner wall extending beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway, the inner wall having an inner wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where it prevents communication between (I) the interior of the sleeve and (2) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the inner wall opening permits communication between (1) the interior of the sleeve and (2) the air passageways and air outlet.

UNITED STATES PATENT oTTTcE Q-RIWQ M QREQTN Patent No. 3,; 747 902 Dated July 24, 1973 Inventor(s) JAMES RUSHTON BAILEY I It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Clairh 17, cplumn 10, line 43, change "1'?" to Claim 18, column 10, line 45, change "18" to Signed and sealed this 20th day of November 1973.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLEI'CHER-,JR. RENE 13., TEGTMEYER Attesting Officer Acting Commissioner of Patents F ORM PO-1050 10- 69) USCOMM-DC 60376-P69 u.s GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1959 o-ses-su

Claims (27)

1. A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material comprising: a. a substantially hollow housing including a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall, an internal air deflector at one end of the sleeve in a form of a removable closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and an external air deflector at the other end of the sleeve; b. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, said passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector in a straightthrough path to the hollow interior of the housing; and c. an air outlet on the housing.
2. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, and each passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector; and
2. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, said passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector in a straight-through path to the hollow interior of the housing; and
2. The device of claim 1 wherein each air passageway has an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve, and the removable closure has a hollow stem which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway; the stem having a stem wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet.
2. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, each passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector, and wherein each air passageway has an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve;
3. an air outlet on the housing; and
3. The device of claim 1 including a hub on said removable closure, said hub axially extending into the interior of the sleeve, and having an axially extending bore, and a wick positioned in and extending from said hub.
3. an air outlet on the housing; and d. means mounted on the support means for directing air toward the air conduits.
3. an air outlet on the housing; and d. means mounted on the other support means for directing air past the external air deflector toward the air conduits.
4. The device of claim 1 wherein the outer surface of said external air deflector is in the form of a cone.
4. a hollow stem on the closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway; the stem having a stem wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet; and d. means mounted on the support means for directing air toward the air conduits.
5. The device of claim 4 wherein said external air deflector has an internal recess which communicates with the hollow of said sleeve, and said air outlet comprises transversely aligned openings on said sleeve wall.
6. The device of claim 1 wherein said passageway has a cylindrical cross-sectional shape.
7. The device of claim 1 wherein said air conduits are transversely aligned with each other and are equidistantly positioned about the outer periphery of the housing.
8. The device of claim 1 wherein two air carrying conduits are spaced at least 90* from each other about the outer periphery of the housing.
9. The device of claim 1 wherein said air carrying conduits have a front wall whose outer surface lies in a plane substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the housing and said outer end of said air passageway lies within said plane.
10. The device of claim 1 including wick means positioned in the hollow of the housing.
11. A deodorizing system for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorant comprising: a. a substantially hollow enclosure having a perforated front wall; b. first and second support means both mounted within the hollow of the enclosure; c. a device mounted on one of said support means comprising:
12. The system according to claim 11 wherein said means for directing air past the external air deflector is a fan, and the outer surface of said external air deflector is in the form of a cone.
13. The system according to claim 12 wherein each air passageway has an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve, and the removable closure has a hollow stem which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway; the stem having a stem wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet.
14. A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material comprising: a. a substantially hollow housing comprising a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall and an internal air deflector at one end of the sleeve in the form of a removable closure which sealingly engages the sleeve wall; b. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing, and each air passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector; and c. an air outlet on the housing.
15. A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material comprising: a. a substantially hollow housing comprising a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall and an internal air deflector at one end in a form of a closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall; b. an air outlet on the housings; c. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing; each air passageway extending from said outer end Inwardly toward said internal air deflector, and having an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve; and d. a hollow stem on said closure which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway, the stem having a stem wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (1) the interior of the sleeve and (2) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (1) the interior of the sleeve and (2) the air passageways and air outlet.
16. A deodorizing system for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorant comprising: a. a substantially hollow enclosure having a perforated front wall; b. support means within the hollow of the enclosure; c. a device mounted on said support means comprising:
17. The system according to claim 17 wherein said means for directing air toward the air conduits is a fan.
18. The system according to claim 18 wherein each air passageway has an inner opening in the sleeve wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve, and the removable closure has a hollow stem which sealingly engages the inner surface of the sleeve wall and extends beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway; the stem having a stem wall with a stem wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where the stem wall prevents communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the stem wall opening permits communication between (a) the interior of the sleeve and (b) the air passageways and air outlet.
19. A deodorizing system for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorant comprising: a. a substantially hollow enclosure having a perforated front wall; b. support means within the hollow of the enclosure; c. a device mounted on said support means comprising:
20. A device for contacting odoriferous air with a deodorizing material comprising: a. a substantially hollow housing comprising a cylindrical sleeve having a sleeve wall and an internal air deflector at one end in a form of a closure having a longitudinally extending closure wall which sealingly engages the sleeve wall, one of said walls being an inner wall and the other an outer wall; b. an air outlet on the housing; c. at least two air carrying conduits extending outwardly from the outer surface of the housing, each conduit having an air passageway having an outer end spaced from the outer surface of the housing; each air passageway extending from said outer end inwardly toward said internal air deflector, and having an inner opening in said outer wall to permit air to enter the interior of the sleeve; and d. said inner wall extending beyond the air outlet and the inner opening of each air passageway, the inner wall having an inner wall opening and being movable between an inoperative position where it prevents communication between (1) the interior of the sleeve and (2) the air passageways and air outlet, and an operative position where the inner wall opening permits communication between (1) the interior of the sleeve and (2) the air passageways and air outlet.
US3747902A 1971-02-08 1971-02-08 Room air deodorizer Expired - Lifetime US3747902A (en)

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US4748939A (en) * 1986-07-21 1988-06-07 Texas A&M University System Apparatus for applying pesticides to livestock
US4950457A (en) * 1986-11-28 1990-08-21 Weick Heinz Hermann Device for the evaporation of an active substance for the treatment of the ambient air
US5114625A (en) * 1991-02-20 1992-05-19 Gibson Clyde W Fragrance dispenser for evaporating aromatic liquid
US5368166A (en) * 1990-09-21 1994-11-29 Chumak; Fedor A. Device for automatically controlling the process of separating froth concentrate from gangue in a floatation machine
USD361375S (en) 1994-08-17 1995-08-15 Amrep, Inc. Aerosol dispensing cabinet
NL1007541C2 (en) * 1997-11-13 1999-05-17 Verfcentrum Waalhaven Europoor Device and method for the cleaning of polluted air.
US5970643A (en) * 1998-08-10 1999-10-26 Gawel, Jr.; Joseph W. Apparatus to enhance the use of scents
US6249919B1 (en) * 1999-02-04 2001-06-26 Vaportex, Inc. Passive deodorization device
EP0870995A3 (en) * 1997-04-08 2002-01-02 Saeco S.p.A. Device for treating environment air
US20030063902A1 (en) * 2001-08-07 2003-04-03 Andrea Pedrotti Multi-functional electrical vaporizer for a liquid substance and method of manufacturing such a vaporizer
US20030194355A1 (en) * 2002-04-10 2003-10-16 Andrea Pedrotti Electrical evaporator including fan and louver structure
US7281811B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2007-10-16 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Multi-clarity lenses
US7589340B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2009-09-15 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. System for detecting a container or contents of the container
US7643734B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2010-01-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Bottle eject mechanism
US7687744B2 (en) 2002-05-13 2010-03-30 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Coordinated emission of fragrance, light, and sound
US7932482B2 (en) 2003-02-07 2011-04-26 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Diffuser with light emitting diode nightlight
US20110148329A1 (en) * 2007-10-29 2011-06-23 Demarest Scott W Multi-sensory product combining reeds, volatile actives diffusion, form-within-a-form construction, and light show capabilities
US8517351B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2013-08-27 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Centrifugal fan device
US8807538B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2014-08-19 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Centrifugal fan device
US8807540B2 (en) 2012-06-12 2014-08-19 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fan-based volatile material dispensing system

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4748939A (en) * 1986-07-21 1988-06-07 Texas A&M University System Apparatus for applying pesticides to livestock
US4950457A (en) * 1986-11-28 1990-08-21 Weick Heinz Hermann Device for the evaporation of an active substance for the treatment of the ambient air
US5368166A (en) * 1990-09-21 1994-11-29 Chumak; Fedor A. Device for automatically controlling the process of separating froth concentrate from gangue in a floatation machine
US5114625A (en) * 1991-02-20 1992-05-19 Gibson Clyde W Fragrance dispenser for evaporating aromatic liquid
USD361375S (en) 1994-08-17 1995-08-15 Amrep, Inc. Aerosol dispensing cabinet
EP0870995A3 (en) * 1997-04-08 2002-01-02 Saeco S.p.A. Device for treating environment air
NL1007541C2 (en) * 1997-11-13 1999-05-17 Verfcentrum Waalhaven Europoor Device and method for the cleaning of polluted air.
EP0916382A1 (en) * 1997-11-13 1999-05-19 Verfcentrum Waalhaven Europoort B.V. Device and method for purifying contaminated gas
US5970643A (en) * 1998-08-10 1999-10-26 Gawel, Jr.; Joseph W. Apparatus to enhance the use of scents
US6249919B1 (en) * 1999-02-04 2001-06-26 Vaportex, Inc. Passive deodorization device
US20030063902A1 (en) * 2001-08-07 2003-04-03 Andrea Pedrotti Multi-functional electrical vaporizer for a liquid substance and method of manufacturing such a vaporizer
US6917754B2 (en) 2001-08-07 2005-07-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Multi-functional electrical vaporizer for a liquid substance and method of manufacturing such a vaporizer
US7341698B2 (en) 2002-04-10 2008-03-11 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Electrical evaporator including fan and louver structure
US20030194355A1 (en) * 2002-04-10 2003-10-16 Andrea Pedrotti Electrical evaporator including fan and louver structure
US7687744B2 (en) 2002-05-13 2010-03-30 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Coordinated emission of fragrance, light, and sound
US7932482B2 (en) 2003-02-07 2011-04-26 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Diffuser with light emitting diode nightlight
US7589340B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2009-09-15 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. System for detecting a container or contents of the container
US20090278554A1 (en) * 2005-03-31 2009-11-12 Dancs Imre J System for Detecting a Container or Contents of the Container
US7643734B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2010-01-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Bottle eject mechanism
US7281811B2 (en) 2005-03-31 2007-10-16 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Multi-clarity lenses
US20110148329A1 (en) * 2007-10-29 2011-06-23 Demarest Scott W Multi-sensory product combining reeds, volatile actives diffusion, form-within-a-form construction, and light show capabilities
US8746505B2 (en) 2007-10-29 2014-06-10 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Multi-sensory product combining reeds, volatile actives diffusion, form-within-a-form construction, and light show capabilities
US8517351B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2013-08-27 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Centrifugal fan device
US8807538B2 (en) 2011-04-28 2014-08-19 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Centrifugal fan device
US8807540B2 (en) 2012-06-12 2014-08-19 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fan-based volatile material dispensing system

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