US3744483A - Physiotherapeutic mat - Google Patents

Physiotherapeutic mat Download PDF

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Publication number
US3744483A
US3744483A US00249576A US3744483DA US3744483A US 3744483 A US3744483 A US 3744483A US 00249576 A US00249576 A US 00249576A US 3744483D A US3744483D A US 3744483DA US 3744483 A US3744483 A US 3744483A
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United States
Prior art keywords
base layer
cover elements
mat
upper surface
specified
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US00249576A
Inventor
W Picolin
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W Picolin
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Publication date
Priority to DE19712122739 priority Critical patent/DE2122739A1/de
Application filed by W Picolin filed Critical W Picolin
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3744483A publication Critical patent/US3744483A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H7/00Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for
    • A61H7/001Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for without substantial movement between the skin and the device
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1253Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven
    • A61H2201/1261Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven combined with active exercising of the patient
    • A61H2201/1284Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven combined with active exercising of the patient using own weight
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1683Surface of interface
    • A61H2201/169Physical characteristics of the surface, e.g. material, relief, texture or indicia
    • A61H2201/1695Enhanced pressure effect, e.g. substantially sharp projections, needles or pyramids

Abstract

A mat for the physiotherapeutic treatment of human legs and feet is a composite structure including two tiers or layers, i.e., an elongated base layer of an elastic material having an upper surface provided with lump-like projections and a plurality of cover elements superimposed upon the upper surface of said base layer and extending transversely across the base layer. Each of said cover elements has a sinuous profile as seen in a direction transversely to said base layer. Magnetic fastener means make it possible to secure the cover elements in various desired positions to the base layer.

Description

1 PHYSIOTHERAPEUTIC MAT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The physiotherapeutic treatment of human feet and legs calls frequently for exercising mats made of rubber, or a like elastic material whose upper surface is undulated. Such mats have an elongated shape and are intended to form walking surfaces. The undulations of the surface of such mats when walked upon result in an exercise or massage beneficial to muscles of the feet and to the muscles of the portions of legs both below and above the knee as well as to all the joints involved in such kind of exercise. The use of exercising mats is indicated for both preventive and curative medical purposes. The undulations required for different persons, and more particularly the spacing between contiguous undulations required for different persons, may vary within relatively wide limits. Asa result, distributers of exercising mats of the kind under consideration must stock mats having undulations of various sizes. In families where children as well as adults are supposed to walk on an exercising mat, generally several mats must be provided for the several members of the family. This is inconvenient, particularly in view of the relative bulk of such exercising mats, and also because of the expense involved in procuring several mats.

In some instances it is medically indicated to exercise on walking mats whose surface is substantially flat rather than sinusoidal and has lump-like projections, knobs or burls. This increases the difficulty for dealers to keep an adequate supply of exercising mats in stock, and makes it difficult for users of mats to keep in readiness combinations of mats having various desired surface characteristics.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide an exercising mat for physiotherapy which is universally applicable, i.e., that can be adapted to conform to any specific surface requierement, or requirements.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Mats embodying this invention include an elongated base layer of an elastic material having an upper surface provided with lum'plike projections. Such mats further include a plurality of cover elements superimposed upon said upper surface of said base layer and extending in strip-like fashion transversely across said base layer. Each of said cover elements has a sinuous profile as seen in a direction transversely to said base layer. Composite mats embodying this invention further include fastener means adapted to secure said cover elements to saidbase layer and to vary the positions of said cover elements relative to said base layer.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a portion of a mat embodying the present invention showing but two cover elements on the base layer of which elements one is in position and the other is about to be placed in position; and

FIG. 2 is a top-plan view of a mat according to FIG. 1, some portions of the mat shown in FIG. 2 being broken away.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Reference character M has been applied to indicate an elastic base layer of natural rubber, or of a rubberlike substance, i.e., of an elastomer. Base layer M has an upper surface provided with lump-like projections N which may be more or less prismatic. Projections N stimulate the muscles of the feet and legs of any person walking barefoot on a base layer M.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a plurality of magnetizable units or plates E is arranged along both longitudinal edges of baselayer M and spaced equidistantly in a direction longitudinally of base layer M. A plurality of cover elements L of which but two are shown in FIG.l is superimposed upon-the upper surface of base layer M and extend in strip-like fashion transversely across base layer M. Cover elements L have a sinuous profile as seen in a direction transversely to base layer M. This has been clearly shown in FIG]. Cover elements L are also made of natural rubber, or a rubber-like substance, or an elastomer. Permanent magnets Ma are inserted into the lower surfaces of cover elements L and cooperate with units or plates E to affix cover elements L to base layer M in any desired position relative to base layer M.

While FIG. 1 shows cover means L of which each is provided with one single permanent magnet Ma, the cover means may be provided with several such magnets, if desired. The positioning of permanent magnets Ma may differ from that shown in FIG. 1 as long as the permanent magnets Ma and the magnetizable elements E form a system of fasteners allowing to adjust the position of cover means L in a direction longitudinally of base layer M.

While magnetic fasteners E,Ma are the preferred way. of flexibly attaching cover means L to base layer M, this invention is not limited to magnetic fasteners since other means could be applied to attach cover means L to base layer M.

As indicated in FIG.l cover means L are provided on the upper surfaces thereof with lump-like projections similar to those provided on the upper surface of base layer M arid serving the same purpose as the lump-like projections on the upper surface of base layer M. Preferably the lump-like projections on cover elements L are lower, and spaced farther apart, than the projections N on the upper surface of base layer M.

It will be apparent that walking on the base layer M with the cover elements L removed from it provides one kind of exercise, and that walking on the cover element L affixed to the base layer M provides another different kind of exercise.

Exercising mats are often used in bathrooms, on walks around swimming pools or, more generally speaking, in locations where water is likely to be spilled. To adapt the mat for use in such places base layer M is provided as shown in FIG.2 with perforations Lo, forming passages allowing the flow of liquids, and more specifically of water, across base layer'M.

Mats embodying this invention may also be used in bath tubs as ordinary bath tub mats. If such use is intended, the cover elements L are removed and the base I layer is placed upside down into a bathtub.

I claim as my invention: 1. A mat for the physiotherapeutic treatment of human feet and legs including a. an elongated base layer of an elastic material having an upper surface provided with lump-like projections;

b. a plurality of cover elements superimposed upon said upper surface of said base layer and extending in strip-like fashion transversely across said base layer, each of said cover elements having a sinuous profile as seen in a direction transversely to said base layer; and

c. fastener means adapted to secure said cover elements to said base layer and to vary the positions of said cover elements relative to said base layer.

2. A mat as specified in claim 1 wherein said base layer and said cover elements consist substantially on an elastomeric material.

3. A mat as specified in claim 1 wherein said fastener means include a plurality of magnetizable units arlowing the flow of liquids across said base layer,

It i i t

Claims (5)

1. A mat for the physiotherapeutic treatment of human feet and legs including a. an elongated base layer of an elastic material having an upper surface provided with lump-like projections; b. a plurality of cover elements superimposed upon said upper surface of said base layer and extending in strip-like fashion transversely across said base layer, each of said cover elements having a sinuous profile as seen in a direction transversely to said base layer; and c. fastener means adapted to secure said cover elements to said base layer and to vary the positions of said cover elements relative to said base layer.
2. A mat as specified in claim 1 wherein said base layer and said cover elemEnts consist substantially on an elastomeric material.
3. A mat as specified in claim 1 wherein said fastener means include a plurality of magnetizable units arranged along both longitudinal edges of said base layer and spaced in a direction longitudinally thereof, said fastener means further including permanent magnets inserted into the lower surfaces of said cover elements and cooperating with said magnetizable units to position said cover elements relative to said base layer.
4. A mat as specified in claim 1 wherein the upper surfaces of said cover elements are provided with lump-like projections.
5. A mat as specified in claim 1 wherein said base layer is provided with perforations forming passages allowing the flow of liquids across said base layer.
US00249576A 1971-05-07 1972-05-02 Physiotherapeutic mat Expired - Lifetime US3744483A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19712122739 DE2122739A1 (en) 1971-05-07 1971-05-07

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US3744483A true US3744483A (en) 1973-07-10

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US00249576A Expired - Lifetime US3744483A (en) 1971-05-07 1972-05-02 Physiotherapeutic mat

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DE (1) DE2122739A1 (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881471A (en) * 1974-05-20 1975-05-06 Ass Mills Inc Hydrotherapy foot bath
US4067324A (en) * 1976-06-16 1978-01-10 Greenawalt Monte H Therapeutic apparatus for stimulation of acupuncture meridians
US4329981A (en) * 1980-01-28 1982-05-18 Semperit Ag Foot massage mat
US4350152A (en) * 1980-07-28 1982-09-21 Joseph Strakowski Back massage board
US4660548A (en) * 1984-05-05 1987-04-28 Metronic Electronic Gmbh Massage apparatus
US5005560A (en) * 1982-11-29 1991-04-09 Quam William M Integral foot massage and support apparatus
US5158073A (en) * 1990-12-18 1992-10-27 Bukowski Voytek Z Acupressure foot massage mat
US6315786B1 (en) * 1999-07-20 2001-11-13 Partnership Of Arthur H. Smuckler, James Grimes, Niko Efstathiou And Charles A. Sarris Device for treating heel pain
US20040000076A1 (en) * 2002-07-01 2004-01-01 Celmo George D. Stress reduction kit and method of using same
US20040078885A1 (en) * 2002-10-23 2004-04-29 Walker Victor Lee Tactile therapy system for spas
US20050124468A1 (en) * 2002-05-02 2005-06-09 Tony Wong Simulated cushioned jogging and running mat
US20090158521A1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2009-06-25 Puj, Llc Baby bath sink insert
US20090288249A1 (en) * 2008-05-24 2009-11-26 Carolann Douglas Bathtub seat
US20100234189A1 (en) * 2009-03-12 2010-09-16 Teo Industriedesign Gmbh Walkable plate for assisting the motor function of living creatures, especially human motor function
US20140142614A1 (en) * 2012-11-20 2014-05-22 SweetCheeks Products, Inc. Portable mat

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881471A (en) * 1974-05-20 1975-05-06 Ass Mills Inc Hydrotherapy foot bath
US4067324A (en) * 1976-06-16 1978-01-10 Greenawalt Monte H Therapeutic apparatus for stimulation of acupuncture meridians
US4329981A (en) * 1980-01-28 1982-05-18 Semperit Ag Foot massage mat
US4350152A (en) * 1980-07-28 1982-09-21 Joseph Strakowski Back massage board
US5005560A (en) * 1982-11-29 1991-04-09 Quam William M Integral foot massage and support apparatus
US4660548A (en) * 1984-05-05 1987-04-28 Metronic Electronic Gmbh Massage apparatus
US5158073A (en) * 1990-12-18 1992-10-27 Bukowski Voytek Z Acupressure foot massage mat
US6315786B1 (en) * 1999-07-20 2001-11-13 Partnership Of Arthur H. Smuckler, James Grimes, Niko Efstathiou And Charles A. Sarris Device for treating heel pain
US20050124468A1 (en) * 2002-05-02 2005-06-09 Tony Wong Simulated cushioned jogging and running mat
US6742289B2 (en) 2002-07-01 2004-06-01 Medical Device Group, Inc. Stress reduction kit and method of using same
US20040000076A1 (en) * 2002-07-01 2004-01-01 Celmo George D. Stress reduction kit and method of using same
US20040078885A1 (en) * 2002-10-23 2004-04-29 Walker Victor Lee Tactile therapy system for spas
US20050114994A1 (en) * 2002-10-23 2005-06-02 Walker Victor L. Tactile therapy system for spas
US7013503B2 (en) 2002-10-23 2006-03-21 Dimension One Spas Tactile therapy system for spas
US6857139B2 (en) * 2002-10-23 2005-02-22 Dimension One Spas Tactile therapy system for spas
US20090158521A1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2009-06-25 Puj, Llc Baby bath sink insert
US8250684B2 (en) * 2007-12-21 2012-08-28 Puj, Llc Baby bath sink insert
US20090288249A1 (en) * 2008-05-24 2009-11-26 Carolann Douglas Bathtub seat
US20100234189A1 (en) * 2009-03-12 2010-09-16 Teo Industriedesign Gmbh Walkable plate for assisting the motor function of living creatures, especially human motor function
JP2010216226A (en) * 2009-03-12 2010-09-30 Teo Industriedesign Gmbh Walkable tile for promoting motion of living body, particularly human motion
US20140142614A1 (en) * 2012-11-20 2014-05-22 SweetCheeks Products, Inc. Portable mat
CN104837462A (en) * 2012-11-20 2015-08-12 思威特奇斯产品有限公司 Portable mat
US9931267B2 (en) * 2012-11-20 2018-04-03 SweetCheeks Products, Inc. Portable mat

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Publication number Publication date
DE2122739A1 (en) 1972-06-29

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