US3739151A - Electronic voting machine - Google Patents

Electronic voting machine Download PDF

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US3739151A
US3739151A US3739151DA US3739151A US 3739151 A US3739151 A US 3739151A US 3739151D A US3739151D A US 3739151DA US 3739151 A US3739151 A US 3739151A
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Prior art keywords
means
selection
vote
output signal
receiving
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M Moldovan
C Lindros
R Wescott
L Anderson
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Avm Corp
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Avm Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C13/00Voting apparatus

Abstract

An electronic voting machine is disclosed which accommodates for selection of one, and only one, candidate from each of two office groups. Electronic logic circuitry is used throughout. The logic features redundant interlocks to assure (1) that overvoting in either office group cannot occur and (2) that a vote cannot be counted unless a selection has been made in both office groups. The interlocks feature redundancy while minimizing the components needed to accommodate for large numbers of candidates in both office groups, and also a combined cancelafter vote reset arrangement which both prevents overvoting and causes reset after vote completion. Another feature of the system is the use of parallel tallying devices each capable of printing out its tally, one such device being the electromechanical counters usually associated with a voting machine and which tally the votes for the individual candidates, and the other such device being an electronic accumulator which likewise counts or tallies the votes for the individual candidates. At the end of a voting day, a print-out of the electromechanical tally and the accumulator tally is made. The accumulator tally print-out is made sequentially much in the fashion of an adding machine, while the print-out of the electromechanical counters is made in one pass of a movable platen. The accumulator has the capability of providing a digital read-out of the voting at all times so that, if desired, the accumulator may be connected, along with a great number of others at different voting sites, to a central computor which may then give an instantaneous tally of the vote for an entire district, state or nation. Both print-outs produce a tally sheet having type which may be be optically scanned to produce a digital output which, from a central location receiving a number of such tally sheets, may forward this digital information to a central computer, as before, at the end of a voting day. Other flexibilities are also presented by the parallel electromechanicalelectronic accumulator system.

Description

United States Patent Moldovan, Jr. et al.

[ 1 June 12, 1973 ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINE [75 I Inventors: Michael Terrance Moldovan, Jr, 7

Charles Jerome Lindros, both of Lakewood; Robert Dean Wescott, Lawrence Levi Anderson, both of Jamestown, all of N.Y.

[73] Assignee: AVM Corporation,.lamestown,N.Y. [22] Filed: Apr. 17, 1972 [21] Appl. No.: 244,609

Related U.S. Application Data [63] Continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 204,506, Dec. 3,

1971, abandoned.

[52] U.S. Cl. 235/54 F [51] Int. Cl G07c 13/00 [58] Field of Search. 235/51, 50 R, 50 B,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,214,091 10/1965 Clark 235/50 3,226,018 12/1965 Railsback et al. 235/50 3,227,364 1/1966 Clark 235/50 Primary Examiner-Richard B. Wilkinson Assistant ExaminerU. Weldon Attorney-John B. Bean, Edwin T. Bean, Raymond F. Kramer et al.

[57] ABSTRACT An electronic voting machine is disclosed which accommodates for selection of one, and only one, candidate from each of two office groups. Electronic logic circuitry is used throughout. The logic features redundant interlocks to assure (1) that overvoting in either office group cannot occur and (2) that a vote cannot be counted unless a selection has been made in both office groups. The interlocks feature redundancy while minimizing the components needed to accommodate for large numbers of candidates in both office groups, and also a combined cancelafter vote reset arrangement which both prevents overvoting and causes reset after vote completion. Another feature of the system is the use of parallel tallying devices each capable of printing out its tally, one such device being the electromechanical counters usually associated with a voting machine and which tally the votes for the individual candidates, and the other such device being an electronic accumulator which likewise counts or tallies the votes for the individual candidates. At the end of a voting day, a print-out of the electromechanical tally and the accumulator tally is made. The accumulator tally print-out is made sequentially much in the fashion of an adding machine, while the print-out of the electromechanical counters is made in one pass of a movable platen. The accumulator has the capability of providing a digital read-out of the voting at all times so that, if desired, the accumulator may be connected, along with a great number of others at different voting sites, to a central computor which may then give an instantaneous tally of the vote for an entire district, state or nation. Both print-outs produce a tally sheet having type which may be be optically scanned to produce a digital output which, from a central location receiving a number of such tally sheets, may forward this digital information to a central computer, as before, at the end of a voting day. Other flexibilities are also presented by the parallel electromechanicalelectronic accumulator system.

18 Claims, 27 Drawing Figures 34 96 Two L 38 62 o l- DUMP CAND. 36 SECURITY -3 REMOTE J INTERLOCK LOG; ENTRANCE 32 EX" EXIT wo LOGIC ADDO x 94A will IE PRINTER 22 26 l B 42 B2 fl W0 r R 92 cool x -8: 106

| 23 8 -98 60 1 L i LOCKOJT 8O 84 m E EXPANDER ELECTRONIC l X a 24 I E I Accumuma l g 86 3 Two CLEAR I g l 88 CAND. T.

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68 w- CONTROL -76 16! J 48 1 SE urn E 'MO 5 56 I4 LOGIC CLEAR 55 O c R mm P sung: I02 I |6 111 CENTRAL COMPUTER PAIENIEnamzma 3339.151.

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PATENIED I Z SWITCH POSITION FIG. I?

Claims (18)

1. In an electronic voting machine, in combination: a plurality of candidate selection means for accepting manual selection inputs and producing electrical selection output signals corresponding thereto; a plurality of selection logic means for receiving said selection output signals and enabling a subsequent discrete counting output electrical signal for each of said selection inputs; electromechanical counter means for receiving said discrete counting output signals and separately tallying the number of times each individual candidate is selected and voted; interlock means for receiving said selection output signals and producing a vote enabling output signal in response to a certain and only said certain number of candidate selections; control logic means for receiving said vote enabling output signal to enable a vote register output signal therefrom, said vote register output signal being connected to all of said selection logic means to produce said counting output signal from any thereof enabled by said selection output signals; voter-controlled exit means for enabling said control logic means to produce said vote register output signal therefrom upon actuation of said exit means; after vote reset means having said vote register output signal as an input for producing an after vote reset signal which is delayed in time with respect to said vote register output signal; and clearing means for receiving said after vote reset signal to produce a clearing signal in response thereto, said clearing signal being connected to all of said candidate selection means to cancel any selection made thereon subsequent to tallying of the vote.
2. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 1 wherein said interlock means produces an overvote output signal in response to actuation of more than said certain number of candidate selections, said overvote output signal being connected to said clearing means to produce said clearing signal independently of said after vote reset signal.
3. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 2 wherein said interlock means produces a no selection output signal in the absence of any selection output signal thereto, said no selection output signal being connected to said after vote reset means to terminate said after vote reset signal.
4. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 1 wherein said interlock means produces a no selection output signal in the absence of any selection output signal thereto, said no selection output signal being connected to said after vote reset means to terminate said after vote reset signal.
5. In an electronic voting machine, in combination: a plurality of candidate selection means for accepting manual selection inputs and producing electrical selection output signals corresponding thereto; a plurality of selection logic means for receiving said selector output signals and enabling a subsequent discrete counting output electrical signal for each of said selection inputs; electromechanical counter means for receiving said discrete counting output signals and separately tallying the number of times each individual candidate is selected and voted; interlock means for receiving said selection output signals and producing a vote enabling output signal in response to a certain and only said certain number of candidate selections; control logic means for receiving said vote enabling output signal to enable a vote register output therefrom, said vote register output signal being connected to all of said selection logic means to produce said counting output signal from any thereof enabled by said selection output signals; and voter-controlled exit means for enabling said control logic means to produce said vote register output signal therefrom upon actuation of such exit means; said candidate selection means being separated into two groups, one for each of two different offices; said interlock means comprising a pair of principle interlock means for receiving the separate selection output signals of each group and expander interlock means controlled by said pair of principle interlock means, said expander interlock means having said vote enabling output signal therefrom.
6. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 5 including: remote control means for accepting a voting official manual input and producing an entrance output signal therefrom, said entrance output signal being connected to said control logic means to reset same.
7. In an electronic voting machine, in combination: a plurality of candidate selection means for accepting manual selection inputs and producing electrical selection output signals corresponding thereto; a plurality of selection logic means for receiving said selection output signals and enabling a subsequent discrete counting output electrical signal for each of said selection inputs; electromechanical counter means for receiving said discrete counting output signals and separately tallying the number of times each individual candidate is selected and voted; interlock means for receiving said selection output signals and producing a vote enabling output signal in response to a certain and only said certain number of candidate selections; control logic means for receiving said vote enabling output signal to enable a vote register output signal therefrom, said vote register output signal being connected to all of said selection logic means to produce said counting output signal from any thereof enabled by said selection output signals; voter-controlled exit means for enabling said control logic means to produce said vote register output signal therefrom upon actuation of such exit means; and remote control means for accepting a voting official manual input and producing an entrance output signal therefrom, said entrance output signal being connected to said control logic means to reset same.
8. In an electronic voting machine, in combination: a plurality of candidate selection means for accepting manual selection inputs and producing electrical selection output signals corresponding thereto; a plurality of selection logic means for receiving said selection output signals and enabling a subsequent discrete counting output electrical signal for each of said selection inputs; electromechanical counter means for receiving said discrete counting output signals and separately tallying the number of times each individual candidate is selected and voted; interlock means for receiving said selection output signals and producing a vote enabling output signal in response to a certain and only said certain number of candidate selections; control logic means for receiving said vote enabling output signal to enable a vote register output signal therefrom, said vote register output signal being connected to all of said selection logic means to produce said counting output signal from any thereof enabled by said selection output signals; and voter-controlled exit means for enabling said control logic means to produce said vote register output signal therefrom upon actuation of such exit means; said interlock means including a first pair of logic gates in which each gate receives a pair of said selection output signals and a second pair of logic gates each receiving a pair of vote selection output signals which are inputs to two gates of said first pair, and a further logic gate having the outputs of said second pair as inputs thereto.
9. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 8 wherein there are additional pairs of first and second logic gates, each having a further logic gate connected to the outputs of an associated second pair; a final pair of logic gates each having a pair of outputs from two of said further gates as inputs thereto, a second pair of logic gates each receiving a pair of outputs from a pair of further gates which are inputs to two gates of said final pair; a first output logic gate receiving the outputs of said further logic gates as inputs thereto; and a second output logic gate controlled by the outputs of all of said first pair of logic gates all of said second pair of logic gates, and said final pair of logic gates.
10. In an electronic voting machine, in combination: a plurality of candidate selection means for accepting manual selection inputs and producing electrical selection output signals corresponding thereto; a plurality of selection logic means for receiving said selection output signals and enabling a subsequent discrete counting output electrical signal for each of said selection inputs; electromechanical counter means for receiving said discrete counting output signals and separately tallying the number of times each individual candidate is selected and voted; interlock means for receiving said selection output signals and producing a vote enabling output signal in response to a certain and only said certain number of candidate selections; control logic means for receiving said vote enabling output signal to enable a vote register output signal therefrom, said vote register output signal being connected to all of said selection logic means to produce said counting output signal from any thereof enabled by said selection output signals; voter-controlled exit means for enabling said control logic means to produce said vote register output signal therefrom upon actuation of such exit means; and electronic vote count accumulating means for receiving said selection output signals and said vote register output signals electronically to accumulate the votes cast for individual candidates.
11. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 10 including: printer means for receiving and printing out the tally from said accumulator means.
12. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 11 including: security interlock means controlled by an election official for operating said printer means.
13. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 11 including: digit sequencer means controlled by said printer means for inserting vote count digits thereinto; register sequencer means controlled by said digit sequencer means for shifting from one candidate tally to the next when all the digits of the tally of said one candidate have been inserted into said printer means.
14. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 13 wherein said accumulator means includes a counter having an input each time said register sequencer means is shifted, said digit sequencer means shifting the output of said counter into said printer means for each candidate tally, whereby each candidate tally in the printer means is identified.
15. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 14 including: fIrst multiplexing means controlled by said register sequencer means for shifting out the tally of individual candidates in sequence; and second multiplexing means controlled by said digit sequencer means for inserting digits of each tally sequentially into said printer means.
16. In an electronic voting machine, in combination: a plurality of candidate selection means for accepting manual selection inputs and effecting selection output electrical signals corresponding thereto; logic means receiving said selection output signals for enabling a number of discrete counting output electrical signals corresponding to manual selection inputs which meet an allowable voting selection; electromechanical counter means responsive to said counting output signals for separately tallying the number of times each individual candidate is selected and voted; electronic accumulator means responsive to said counting output signals for accumulating the tally of votes cast for the individual candidates in duplication of the tallies made by said electromechanical counter means; first printing means associated with said electromechanical counter means for printing out the tallies indicated thereby; second printing means associated with said electronic accumulator means for printing out the tallies accumulated thereby; voting official-controlled first means for actuating said first printing means at the beginning of a voting day to print out the tally on said electromechanical counter means and open the voting machine for subsequent voting and said voting official-controlled first means actuates said first printing means at the end of a voting day to print out the tally on said electromechanical counter means, and closes the voting machine to further voting; voting official-controlled second means for actuating transfer the tally accumulated in said electronic accumulator means to said second printing means; and voter-controlled means for connecting those counting output signals corresponding to his vote to said electromechanical counter means and to said electronic accumulator means.
17. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 16 including means disabling said voting official-controlled second means until at least one vote has been recorded by the machine.
18. In an electronic voting machine as defined in claim 16 wherein said voting official-controlled first means includes a mechanical switch actuated by said first printing means in response to actuation of said voting official-controlled first means.
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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3847345A (en) * 1973-03-23 1974-11-12 Avm Corp Electronic voting machine
US3904854A (en) * 1973-06-18 1975-09-09 Int Election Systems Corp Automatic mechanical voting machine with electronic readout
US3941976A (en) * 1974-05-13 1976-03-02 Huhn M Susan Vote recording
US3980864A (en) * 1973-06-18 1976-09-14 International Election Systems Corporation Automatic mechanical voting machine with electronic readout
US4015106A (en) * 1975-05-20 1977-03-29 Evm Limited Electronic voting machine
US4021780A (en) * 1975-09-24 1977-05-03 Narey James O Ballot tallying system including a digital programmable read only control memory, a digital ballot image memory and a digital totals memory
US4025757A (en) * 1975-01-23 1977-05-24 Video Voter Inc. Voting system
US4046992A (en) * 1976-03-04 1977-09-06 Mary Susan Huhn Compact electronic voting
US4649264A (en) * 1985-11-01 1987-03-10 Carson Manufacturing Company, Inc. Electronic voting machine
US20030034393A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2003-02-20 Chung Kevin Kwong-Tai Electronic voting apparatus, system and method
US20060169778A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2006-08-03 Chung Kevin K Electronic voting apparatus, system and method
US20060202031A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2006-09-14 Chung Kevin K Reader for an optically readable ballot
US20060255145A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2006-11-16 Chung Kevin K Method for reading an optically readable sheet
US7422150B2 (en) 2000-11-20 2008-09-09 Avante International Technology, Inc. Electronic voting apparatus, system and method
US20090289115A1 (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-11-26 Kevin Kwong-Tai Chung Optically readable marking sheet and reading apparatus and method therefor
US7635087B1 (en) 2001-10-01 2009-12-22 Avante International Technology, Inc. Method for processing a machine readable ballot and ballot therefor
US20100252628A1 (en) * 2009-04-07 2010-10-07 Kevin Kwong-Tai Chung Manual recount process using digitally imaged ballots
US20110089236A1 (en) * 2009-10-21 2011-04-21 Kevin Kwong-Tai Chung System and method for decoding an optically readable markable sheet and markable sheet therefor

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3847345A (en) * 1973-03-23 1974-11-12 Avm Corp Electronic voting machine
US3904854A (en) * 1973-06-18 1975-09-09 Int Election Systems Corp Automatic mechanical voting machine with electronic readout
US3980864A (en) * 1973-06-18 1976-09-14 International Election Systems Corporation Automatic mechanical voting machine with electronic readout
US3941976A (en) * 1974-05-13 1976-03-02 Huhn M Susan Vote recording
US4025757A (en) * 1975-01-23 1977-05-24 Video Voter Inc. Voting system
US4015106A (en) * 1975-05-20 1977-03-29 Evm Limited Electronic voting machine
US4021780A (en) * 1975-09-24 1977-05-03 Narey James O Ballot tallying system including a digital programmable read only control memory, a digital ballot image memory and a digital totals memory
US4046992A (en) * 1976-03-04 1977-09-06 Mary Susan Huhn Compact electronic voting
US4649264A (en) * 1985-11-01 1987-03-10 Carson Manufacturing Company, Inc. Electronic voting machine
US20030034393A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2003-02-20 Chung Kevin Kwong-Tai Electronic voting apparatus, system and method
US20060169778A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2006-08-03 Chung Kevin K Electronic voting apparatus, system and method
US7461787B2 (en) 2000-11-20 2008-12-09 Avante International Technology, Inc. Electronic voting apparatus, system and method
US7422150B2 (en) 2000-11-20 2008-09-09 Avante International Technology, Inc. Electronic voting apparatus, system and method
US7431209B2 (en) 2000-11-20 2008-10-07 Avante International Technology, Inc. Electronic voting apparatus, system and method
US7828215B2 (en) 2001-10-01 2010-11-09 Avante International Technology, Inc. Reader for an optically readable ballot
US20060255145A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2006-11-16 Chung Kevin K Method for reading an optically readable sheet
US20060202031A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2006-09-14 Chung Kevin K Reader for an optically readable ballot
US20090020606A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2009-01-22 Kevin Kwong-Tai Chung Electronic voting method and system employing a machine readable ballot envelope
US7614553B2 (en) 2001-10-01 2009-11-10 Avante International Technology, Inc. Method for reading an optically readable sheet
US7988047B2 (en) 2001-10-01 2011-08-02 Avante International Technology, Inc. Method for decoding an optically readable sheet
US7635087B1 (en) 2001-10-01 2009-12-22 Avante International Technology, Inc. Method for processing a machine readable ballot and ballot therefor
US7635088B2 (en) 2001-10-01 2009-12-22 Avante International Technology, Inc. Electronic voting method and system employing a printed machine readable ballot
US20100170948A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2010-07-08 Kevin Kwong-Tai Chung Method for decoding an optically readable sheet
US7975920B2 (en) 2001-10-01 2011-07-12 Avante International Technology, Inc. Electronic voting method and system employing a machine readable ballot envelope
US20070170253A1 (en) * 2001-10-01 2007-07-26 Avante International Technology, Inc. Electronic voting method and system employing a printed machine readable ballot
US20090289115A1 (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-11-26 Kevin Kwong-Tai Chung Optically readable marking sheet and reading apparatus and method therefor
US8066184B2 (en) 2008-04-30 2011-11-29 Avante International Technology, Inc. Optically readable marking sheet and reading apparatus and method therefor
US20100252628A1 (en) * 2009-04-07 2010-10-07 Kevin Kwong-Tai Chung Manual recount process using digitally imaged ballots
US8261985B2 (en) 2009-04-07 2012-09-11 Avante Corporation Limited Manual recount process using digitally imaged ballots
US20110089236A1 (en) * 2009-10-21 2011-04-21 Kevin Kwong-Tai Chung System and method for decoding an optically readable markable sheet and markable sheet therefor
US8261986B2 (en) 2009-10-21 2012-09-11 Kevin Kwong-Tai Chung System and method for decoding an optically readable markable sheet and markable sheet therefor

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