US3734191A - Fire extinguishing system - Google Patents

Fire extinguishing system Download PDF

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US3734191A
US3734191A US3734191DA US3734191A US 3734191 A US3734191 A US 3734191A US 3734191D A US3734191D A US 3734191DA US 3734191 A US3734191 A US 3734191A
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fire extinguishing
valve
sprinkler head
reservoir
passage
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W Johnson
R Shea
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US FIRE CONTROL CORP
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US FIRE CONTROL CORP
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C37/00Control of fire-fighting equipment
    • A62C37/08Control of fire-fighting equipment comprising an outlet device containing a sensor, or itself being the sensor, i.e. self-contained sprinklers

Abstract

Disclosed is an automatic fire extinguishing system with a temperature controlled sprinkler head assembly. Included within the head is a reservoir containing a chemical fire extinguishing agent that combines with fluid flowing therethrough to form a medium with superior fire extinguishing qualities. A valve within the sprinkler head automatically and repeatedly opens in response to conditions associated with a fire and closes in response to a change in those conditions.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Johnson et al.

[54] FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM [75] Inventors: Wilfred V. Johnson, Oxford; Raymond E. Shea, Holden, both of Mass.

[73] Assignee: U.S. Fire Control Corp., Oxford,

Mass.

[22] Filed: Nov. 15,1971

211 App]. 190.: 198,673

[52] US. Cl ..l69/5, 169/41 [51] Int. Cl ..A62c 35/22 [58] Field of Search ..l69/l, 2, 5,14,

[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,87l,953 2/1959 Bray ..169/37 51 May 22,1973

736,514 8/1903 Gay ..l69/4l 2,025,782 12/1935 Seat 3,198,258 8/1965 Werner 169/37 Primary Examiner-M. Henson Wood, Jr. Assistant Examiner-Michael Mar Attorney-John E. Toupal [57] ABSTRACT Disclosed is an automatic fire extinguishing system with a temperature controlled sprinkler head assembly. Included within the head is a reservoir containing a chemical fire extinguishing agent that combines with fluid flowing therethrough to form a medium with superior fire extinguishing qualities. A valve within the sprinkler head automatically and repeatedly opens in response to conditions associated with a tire and closes in response to a change in those conditions.

18 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures FIRE EXTINGUISI-IING SYSTEM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to sprinkler heads and automatic fire extinguishing systems and more particularly to such systems that utilize a chemical fire extinguishing medium.

Automatic fire extinguishing systems are useful for quickly controlling fires. The general acceptance of such systems is evidenced by their extensive use in commercial buildings such as factories, office buildby spreading fire, smoke or the water used in conventional systems. In addition, storage of the chemical agent in each head alleviates the above noted problems associated with prior chemical ty pe extinguishing systems. A further advantage is that each individual sprinkler head in a system can be provided with a specific chemical agent most effective for protecting the materials in the area covered by that head.

The reservoir containing the solid chemical agent is positioned in the passage between the valve and the outlet so that contact between the liquid and solid fire extinguishing agents is prevented until the valve is actuated. This is advantageous in that the agents chosen for any individual application may react in such a way that the useful fire fighting properties of the resultant product persist for only a short period of time following combination. In the subject sprinkler head combination of the liquid and solid agents is prevented until the moment of use.

A feature of the invention is the inclusion of a support within the reservoir to properly center the solid insufficient to extinguish fires and these conventional systems serve only to control or inhibit the spread of fires. Various chemical agents with fire extinguishing properties more efficient than those of water are available and systems to make use of these chemicals are known. Most such systems are generally similar to the water based systems, but utilize a tank containing the chemical agent as a fluid source. For protection of large areas, however, the costs of the supply tanks are excessive. Consequently, chemical extinguishing systems are generally employed only to protect areas of limited size or those retaining special types of costly equipment such as electronics which are highly sensitive to water damage. Also, many chemical agents are unstable in liquid form and therefore require special care and periodic replacement even if unused. Or the agent may be corrosive and consequently degrade the overall system in time. Because of these and other problems chemical systems are not widely used and water remains the most common extinguishing agent in automatic sprinkler systems.

- The object of this invention therefore, is to provide an economical and efficient fire extinguishing system with enhanced fire control and extinguishing properties derived from the use of a chemical fire extinguishing agent.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention is characterized by automatic fire extinguishing system including a common source of fluid fire extinguishing agent connected to a plurality of sprinkler heads. Each sprinkler head includes a body that defines an inlet, an outlet and a fluid flow passage therebetween, and includes a reservoir within the passage. A solid chemical fire extinguishing agent in the reservoir combines with fluid flowing therethrough to provide a fire fighting medium with superior fire extinguishing qualities that can quickly contain or extinguish a fire. Also provided for each sprinkler isa valve that is responsive to a condition responsive actuator and selectively controls the flowof fluid through the passage. Theactuator may be responsive to any of the conditions associated with fire. Provision in an automatic and quickly responsive system of the composite extinguishing medium is advantageous in that prompt extinguishment of a fire reduces damage to adjacent areas agent, and thereby insure free flow of fluid through the passage and even exposure of the solid chemical agent to the fluid agent passing thereby. Two support embodiments are disclosed. One includes a cage composed of screen mesh to hold a particulate fire extinguishing agent in the path of fluid flow so as to cause the fluid to flow therethrough. The second embodiment comprises a plurality of shoulder spacers on the walls of the reservoir to maintain a predetermined minimum separation between the walls and a solid block of fire fighting agent, thereby assuring free flow of fluid agent between the block and the walls. It is obvious that free flow of the fluid fire extinguishing agent is desirable in that restricted flow will reduce the efficiency of the sprinkler head. The disclosed support systems for assuring free flow are simple, economical and reliable. In addition, the embodiments disclosed also insure proper exposure of the solid chemical fire fighting agent to the liquid fire fighting agent thereby insuring that the com bination therebetween proceeds at a desirable known rate.

Another feature of the invention is the inclusion of an automatic closure spring mechanism for stopping the flow of fluid fire fighting agent when a fire is extinguished. Most conventional sprinkler heads are of the one shot type, and once a head is activated water continues to flow until the source is stopped. A problem with these previous systems is that of resultant water damage following small fires that are quickly extinguished or false actuations. For example, a grease fire in a kitchen may be confined to one frying pan and easily extinguished simply by placing a cover over the pan. If a conventional one shot" valve were activated by the heat of that fire, fluid would continue to flow until cut off at its source. This superfluous water flow is even more significant in the present system because of the fire fighting efficiency of the chemical agent used. Although fires are rapidly extinguished by the subject system, a continued flow of fire fighting agent from a sprinkler the cause local damage equivalent to that which would be expected if the fire had been contained rather than extinguished. In order that damage may be truly minimized the subject valve is automatically closed by a condition signifying extinguishment of the fire, for example, a decrease in ambient temperature.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS These and other features and objects of the invention will become more apparent upon a perusal of the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a sectioned elevation view of a sprinkler head including a reservoir with solid fire inhibiting agent therein;

FIG. 2 is another preferred embodiment of a sprinkler head with a reservoir containing a solid fire fighting agent; and

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a preferred automatic fire extinguishing system.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring first to FIG. 1 there is shown a fire extinguishing system 21 including a sprinkler head 22 with a body 23 that defines an inlet 24, outlets 25 and a fluid flow passageway 26 therebetween. Connected to the inlet 24 is a fluid supply pipe 32 that conveys a fluid fire fighting agent from a fluid supply tank (not shown). A valve washer 27 in the passageway 26 is connected by a rod 28 to a condition sensor 29. An expansible crystalline material within the sensor 29 exhibits a substantial volume increase in response to an ambient temperature increase to a temperature above a critical melting point, and in the event of such an increase the sensor, through the rod 28, forces the valve washer 27 in an upward direction against the resistance of a bias closure spring 31 to an open position. When the ambient temperature falls below the critical melting point, the expansible material contracts, and the bias closure spring 31 forces the washer 27 to a closed position, thereby preventing further fluid flow through the passageway 26. A more complete description of resettable valves will be found in the co-applicants copending U. S. Application Ser. No. 143,394 filed May 14, 1971 and entitled Automatic Fire Sprinkler Head. Between the valve washer 27 and the outlets 25 is a reservoir 33 containing crystalline solid fire inhibiting chemicals 34 within a torroidally shaped screen mesh support 35. When the valve washer 27 is in the open position fluid flowing through the reservoir 33 also flows through the crystalline agent 34 and may react therewith. The wire mesh support 35 holds the agent 34 slightly separated from the inner walls of the reservoir 33 so that free flow of fluid therethrough is assured, yet proper interaction is provided. Disposed below the outlets 25 is a shield 36 to disperse the eflux from the sprinkler head 22.

The sensor 29 is chosen with a critical melting point above normal ambient room temperature. Therefore,

during operation of the embodiment 21 the ambient temperature is normally below the critical melting point so the sensor 29 remains inactivated, and the closure spring 31 holds the valve washer 27 in the closed position obstructing the fluid passage 26. In the event of a fire, the ambient temperature will rise, and upon the temperature reaching the critical melting point the sensor 29 will become activated and through the rod 28 move the valve washer 27 to the open position. Fluid from the supply reservoir then proceeds from the pipe 32, past the washer 27 and flows through and around the crystalline fire fighting agent 34. The fluid in the tank and the agent 34 are chosen so as to react on contact to form an effective fire fighting agent. For example, the fluid in the reservoir may be water, and the solid fire fighting agent can be Aerosol OT percent (SPS No.8866) Surface Active Agent sold by American Cyanamid Co. Often such fluid and solid fire fighting agent combinations will be effective for only a brief period of time after combination. The sprinkler head 22 is advantageous in that combination is prevented until actuation of the sensor 29 in response to the presence of a fire. In the event that the fire is extinguished before human help is available the continued flow of fluid through the sprinkler head 22 serves no useful function and only causes further damage. Consequently, when the ambient temperature drops below the critical melting point due to extinguishment of the fire, the closure spring 31 forces the washer 27 to the closed position thereby causing a cessation of fluid flow.

Referring now to FIG. 2 there is shown a portion of an alternate fire extinguishing system 41 including a sprinkler head 42 with a body 43 that defines an inlet 44 and an outlet 45 with a fluid flow passage 46 therebetween. Within the passage 46 is a reservoir 47 containing a block of solid chemical fire fighting medium 48. A plurality of spacing shoulders 49 on the inner walls of the reservoir 47 retain the chemical block 48 in a central position therein. A fluid supply pipe 51 connected to the inlet 44 provides fluid communication to a fluid supply (not shown) and a valve element 52 defining a valve opening 53 therein selectively controls the fluid flow through the passage 46. An actuator rod 54 providesmechanical coupling of the valve element 52 to a condition responsive actuator 55. In response to a specific predetermined condition the actuator 55, through the rod 54, displaces the valve element 52 so as to position the opening 53 within the passage 46, thereby permitting fluid flow. such actuation is achieved only when the force exerted by the actuator 55 overcomes a counterforce exerted by a bias closure spring 56. In response to a different predetermined temperature condition, for example, the condition of the ambient temperature falling below the critical melting point, the actuator 55 is reset by the force of the closure spring 56, thereby stopping fluid flow through the passage 46. Therefore, the valve element 52 is sensitive to a specific critical temperature and is moved to an open position in response to the ambient temperature rising above the critical temperature and is moved to a closed position in response to the ambient temperature falling below the critical temperature. A deflector (not shown) similar to those used in conventional fire extinguishing systems is attached below the outlet 45 to disperse fluid egressing therefrom. A small deflector 57 is disposed below the actuator 55 to prevent fluid from splashing onto the actuator and causing cooling. A more complete discussion of resettable valves is contained in the above cited application Ser. No. 143,394.

The critical temperature of the actuator 55 is chosen to be above normal room temperature. Therefore, during operation of the embodiment 41 the valve element 52 is normally in a closed position and there is no fluid flow within the passage 46. Consequently, the fluid and the solid chemical agent 48 can be chosen to exhibit efficient fire fighting properties when combined even if such properties are evident for only a short period of time after combination. In the event of a fire, as the ambient temperature rises above the critical temperature, the actuator 55, through the rod 54, disposes the opening 53 within the passage 46 thereby permitting fluid flow therethrough. Fluid proceeding from the pipe 51 through the passage 46 flows over and around the block 48, and may react therewith. The fire fighting agent resulting from the combination of the fluid and the chemical block 48 is dispersed upon the fire through the outlet 45. Inasmuch as the agent passing from the outlet 45 is a highly efficient fire fighter, the fire may be quickly extinguished and in order that damage be truly minimized the flow through the passage 46 must be stopped. This is accomplished automatically since the closure spring 56 moves the valve element 52 to a closed position as the ambient temperature falls after extinguishment of the fire. Consequently, the sprinkler head 42 distributes the composite fire fighting agent only in the presence of heat, and automatically ceases the distribution when such activating heat is removed. The spacing shoulders 49 insure free fluid flow around the block 48, such free flow being necessary for effective operation of the sprinkler head 42.

Referring next to FIG. 3 there is shown another view of the system 41 including the fluid supply pipe 51 and the sprinkler head 42 with a deflector 61 shown. As shown in FIG 3, the fluid supply pipe 51 connects the sprinkler head 42 to a fluid supply source 62 and also connects a plurality of other sprinkler heads 42a and 42b to the fluid supply source. In order that sufficient fluid pressure be available from the source 62, it is shown above the sprinkler heads 42, 42a and 42b in FIG 3. For example, the source 62 may be placed on the roof of the building sought to be protected. In addition to the sprinkler heads 42, 42a and 42b,-additional heads may connected to the fluid supply 51 as needed to protect the entire building. All the sprinkler heads 42a and 42b are similar to the head 42. Therefore, only the sprinkler heads 42, 42a or 42b sensing an ambient temperature rise passed the critical temperature will be activated, and those activated will automatically turn off in response to a decreasing ambient temperature, as results from the extinguishment of a fire.

Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. For example, the condition sensors 29 and 55 can be made responsive to the presence of smoke rather than changes in ambient temperature. In addition, the sprinkler head 22 can be used in a multi-head system as described with respect to FIG. It is to be understood, therefore, that the invention can be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

What is claimed is:

1. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head which in turn comprises:

a. a body portion defining an inlet, an outlet and a fluid flow passage therebetween; said passage comprising a reservoir portion adapted to retain a chemical fire extinguishing medium;

b. supply means providing a fluid communication path between said inlet and a supply of fluid;

c. a valve means disposed within said passage for selectively controlling the flow of fluids therethrough, said valve means operable to an open position to produce mixing of the extinguishing medium and fluid prior to discharge thereof through said outlet; and

d. a condition responsive actatuor coupled to said valve means and for providing actuation thereof in response to a predetermined condition.

2. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 wherein said reservoir portion is disposed in said passage between said valve means and said outlet.

5 3. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 wherein said reservoir portion encloses support means: for supporting the chemical fire extinguishing medium so as to be contacted by fluid flowing into said reservoir while permitting exit thereof from said outlet.

4. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 3 wherein said support means comprises a screen mesh.

5. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 3 wherein said support means comprises spacing means for spacing a block of fire extinguishing medium from the internal surface of said reservoir.

6. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 wherein said condition responsive means comprises a temperature responsive sensor adapted to open said valve means in response to a given ambient temperature.

7. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 further comprising closure means for automatically closing said valve in response to a different condition.

8. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 6 further comprising a closure means for automatically closing said valve in response to a different ambient temperature.

9. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 including a quantity of chemical fire extinguishing medium within said reser- 35 voir.

10. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 9 wherein said quantity of chemical is in the form of a porous block.

11. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 9 wherein said quantity of chemical is in crystalline form.

12. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 14 including supply means providing a fluid communication path between said inlet and a fluid supply.

13. Fire extinguishing apparatus according to claim 12 including a plurality of additional sprinkler heads, each of said additional heads comprising:

a. a body portion defining an inlet, an outlet and a fluid flow passage therebetween; said passage comprising a reservoir portion .adapted to retain a chemical fire extinguishing medium;

b. a valve means disposed withinsaid passage for selectively controlling the flow of fluids therethrough; and

c. a condition responsive actuator coupled to said valve means and for providing actuation thereof in response to a predetermined condition.

6 14. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head which in turn comprises:

a. a body portion defining an inlet, an outlet and a fluid flow passage therebetween; said passage comprising a reservoir portion adapted to retain a chemical fire extinguishing medium;

b. a valve means disposed within said passage for selectively controlling the flow of fluids therethrough; and

7 8 c. a combustion products responsive actuator couchemical fire extinguishing medium;

pled to said valve means and for providing actuab. a valve means disposed within said passage for setion thereof in response to a predetermined condilectively controlling the flow of fluids theretion, and wherein said reservoir portion is disposed through; and in said passage between said valve means and said c. a combustion products responsive actuator cououtlet. pled to said valve means and for providing actua- 15. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprintion thereof in response to a predetermined condikler head according to claim 14 wherein said reservoir tion, and wherein said reservoir portion is disposed portion encloses support means for supporting the in said passage between said valve means and said chemical fire extinguishing mediumso as to be con- 10 outlet. tacted by fluid flowing into said reservoir while permit- 17. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinting exit thereof from said outlet. kler head according to claim 14 including a quantity of 16. Fire extinguishing apparatus according to claim chemical fire extinguishing medium within said reser- 14 including a plurality of additional sprinkler heads, voir. each of said additional heads comprising: 15 18. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprina. a body portion defining an inlet, an outlet and a kler head according to claim 17 wherein said quantity fluid flow passage therebetween; said passage comof chemical is in the form of a porous block. prising a reservoir portion adapted to retain a

Claims (18)

1. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head which in turn comprises: a. a body portion defining an inlet, an outlet and a fluid flow passage therebetween; said passage comprising a reservoir portion adapted to retain a chemical fire extinguishing medium; b. supply means providing a fluid communication path between said inlet and a supply of fluid; c. a valve means disposed within said passage for selectively controlling the flow of fluids therethrough, said valve means operable to an open position to produce mixing of the extinguishing medium and fluid prior to discharge thereof through said outlet; and d. a condition responsive actatuor coupled to said valve means and for providing actuation thereof in response to a predetermined condition.
2. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 wherein said reservoir portion is disposed in said passage between said valve means and said outlet.
3. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 wherein said reservoir portion encloses support means for supporting the chemical fire extinguishing medium so as to be contacted by fluid flowing into said reservoir while permitting exit thereof from said outlet.
4. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 3 wherein said support means comprises a screen mesh.
5. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 3 wherein said support means comprises spacing means for spacing a block of fire extinguishing medium from the internal surface of said reservoir.
6. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 wherein said condition responsive means comprises a temperature responsive sensor adapted to open said valve means in response to a given ambient temperature.
7. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 further comprising closure means for automatically closing said valve in response to a different condition.
8. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 6 further comprising a closure means for automatically closing said valve in response to a different ambient temperature.
9. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 1 including a quantity of chemical fire extinguishing medium within said reservoir.
10. Fire extiNguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 9 wherein said quantity of chemical is in the form of a porous block.
11. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 9 wherein said quantity of chemical is in crystalline form.
12. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 14 including supply means providing a fluid communication path between said inlet and a fluid supply.
13. Fire extinguishing apparatus according to claim 12 including a plurality of additional sprinkler heads, each of said additional heads comprising: a. a body portion defining an inlet, an outlet and a fluid flow passage therebetween; said passage comprising a reservoir portion adapted to retain a chemical fire extinguishing medium; b. a valve means disposed within said passage for selectively controlling the flow of fluids therethrough; and c. a condition responsive actuator coupled to said valve means and for providing actuation thereof in response to a predetermined condition.
14. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head which in turn comprises: a. a body portion defining an inlet, an outlet and a fluid flow passage therebetween; said passage comprising a reservoir portion adapted to retain a chemical fire extinguishing medium; b. a valve means disposed within said passage for selectively controlling the flow of fluids therethrough; and c. a combustion products responsive actuator coupled to said valve means and for providing actuation thereof in response to a predetermined condition, and wherein said reservoir portion is disposed in said passage between said valve means and said outlet.
15. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 14 wherein said reservoir portion encloses support means for supporting the chemical fire extinguishing medium so as to be contacted by fluid flowing into said reservoir while permitting exit thereof from said outlet.
16. Fire extinguishing apparatus according to claim 14 including a plurality of additional sprinkler heads, each of said additional heads comprising: a. a body portion defining an inlet, an outlet and a fluid flow passage therebetween; said passage comprising a reservoir portion adapted to retain a chemical fire extinguishing medium; b. a valve means disposed within said passage for selectively controlling the flow of fluids therethrough; and c. a combustion products responsive actuator coupled to said valve means and for providing actuation thereof in response to a predetermined condition, and wherein said reservoir portion is disposed in said passage between said valve means and said outlet.
17. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 14 including a quantity of chemical fire extinguishing medium within said reservoir.
18. Fire extinguishing apparatus comprising a sprinkler head according to claim 17 wherein said quantity of chemical is in the form of a porous block.
US3734191D 1971-11-15 1971-11-15 Fire extinguishing system Expired - Lifetime US3734191A (en)

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Cited By (18)

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US3874455A (en) * 1974-06-20 1975-04-01 Gerald F Klesow Automatic sprinkler valve
US3924687A (en) * 1974-02-20 1975-12-09 Viking Corp Valve and sprinkler head for automatic fire extinguishing systems
US4258795A (en) * 1979-03-08 1981-03-31 Central Sprinkler Corporation On-off sprinkler head having an offset drive motor
US5769128A (en) * 1995-11-02 1998-06-23 Central Sprinkler Company Multilayer fluid conduits
US5775378A (en) * 1995-11-02 1998-07-07 Central Sprinkler Company Fluid conduit systems and methods for making
US6000436A (en) * 1995-11-02 1999-12-14 Central Sprinkler Company Fluid conduit systems and methods for making
US6024174A (en) * 1997-12-12 2000-02-15 Pierce; Lauvon Sprinkler head and a temperature controlled valve therefor
US6102127A (en) * 1997-12-12 2000-08-15 Pierce; Lauvon Temperature controlled valve for drip valves and sprinkler systems
US6540261B1 (en) 2000-11-28 2003-04-01 Central Sprinkler Company Fire sprinkler piping system fitting
US6851482B2 (en) 2000-11-02 2005-02-08 Kevin Michael Dolan Sprinkler assembly
US20050121206A1 (en) * 2001-11-01 2005-06-09 Dolan Kevin M. Sprinkler assembly
US9901763B2 (en) 2015-07-28 2018-02-27 Globe Fire Sprinkler Corporation Preaction sprinkler valve assemblies, related dry sprinkler devices and fire protection sprinkler systems
US10267034B1 (en) * 2017-12-02 2019-04-23 M-Fire Suppression, Inc. On-job-site method of and system for providing class-A fire-protection to wood-framed buildings during construction
US10290004B1 (en) 2017-12-02 2019-05-14 M-Fire Suppression, Inc. Supply chain management system for supplying clean fire inhibiting chemical (CFIC) totes to a network of wood-treating lumber and prefabrication panel factories and wood-framed building construction job sites
US10311444B1 (en) * 2017-12-02 2019-06-04 M-Fire Suppression, Inc. Method of providing class-A fire-protection to wood-framed buildings using on-site spraying of clean fire inhibiting chemical liquid on exposed interior wood surfaces of the wood-framed buildings, and mobile computing systems for uploading fire-protection certifications and status information to a central database and remote access thereof by firefighters on job site locations during fire outbreaks on construction sites
US10332222B1 (en) * 2017-12-02 2019-06-25 M-Fire Supression, Inc. Just-in-time factory methods, system and network for prefabricating class-A fire-protected wood-framed buildings and components used to construct the same
US10430757B2 (en) * 2017-12-02 2019-10-01 N-Fire Suppression, Inc. Mass timber building factory system for producing prefabricated class-A fire-protected mass timber building components for use in constructing prefabricated class-A fire-protected mass timber buildings
US10646736B2 (en) 2015-07-28 2020-05-12 Victaulic Company Preaction sprinkler valve assemblies, related dry sprinkler devices adapted for long travel, and fire protection sprinkler systems

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JPS51128881A (en) * 1975-03-15 1976-11-10 Shiro Okamura Fire extinghuishing device
JPS53151298U (en) * 1977-05-04 1978-11-28
JPS5496299A (en) * 1978-01-17 1979-07-30 Hachizou Kojima Method of and device for preventing fire by sprinkling and warning at once upon occurrence of fire
JPH0198386U (en) * 1987-12-21 1989-06-30
JP2528980Y2 (en) * 1989-12-29 1997-03-12 株式会社木村技研 Fire extinguisher for waste container
CN102805910A (en) * 2011-06-03 2012-12-05 沈阳慧佳电子技术服务有限公司 Linear-tube constant temperature boiling and expansion starter

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3924687A (en) * 1974-02-20 1975-12-09 Viking Corp Valve and sprinkler head for automatic fire extinguishing systems
US3874455A (en) * 1974-06-20 1975-04-01 Gerald F Klesow Automatic sprinkler valve
US4258795A (en) * 1979-03-08 1981-03-31 Central Sprinkler Corporation On-off sprinkler head having an offset drive motor
US5769128A (en) * 1995-11-02 1998-06-23 Central Sprinkler Company Multilayer fluid conduits
US6000436A (en) * 1995-11-02 1999-12-14 Central Sprinkler Company Fluid conduit systems and methods for making
US5775378A (en) * 1995-11-02 1998-07-07 Central Sprinkler Company Fluid conduit systems and methods for making
US6024174A (en) * 1997-12-12 2000-02-15 Pierce; Lauvon Sprinkler head and a temperature controlled valve therefor
US6102127A (en) * 1997-12-12 2000-08-15 Pierce; Lauvon Temperature controlled valve for drip valves and sprinkler systems
US6851482B2 (en) 2000-11-02 2005-02-08 Kevin Michael Dolan Sprinkler assembly
US6540261B1 (en) 2000-11-28 2003-04-01 Central Sprinkler Company Fire sprinkler piping system fitting
US7143834B2 (en) 2001-11-01 2006-12-05 Kevin Michael Dolan Sprinkler assembly
US20050121206A1 (en) * 2001-11-01 2005-06-09 Dolan Kevin M. Sprinkler assembly
US9901763B2 (en) 2015-07-28 2018-02-27 Globe Fire Sprinkler Corporation Preaction sprinkler valve assemblies, related dry sprinkler devices and fire protection sprinkler systems
US10653908B2 (en) 2015-07-28 2020-05-19 Victaulic Company Preaction sprinkler valve assemblies, related dry sprinkler devices and fire protection sprinkler systems
US10646736B2 (en) 2015-07-28 2020-05-12 Victaulic Company Preaction sprinkler valve assemblies, related dry sprinkler devices adapted for long travel, and fire protection sprinkler systems
US10290004B1 (en) 2017-12-02 2019-05-14 M-Fire Suppression, Inc. Supply chain management system for supplying clean fire inhibiting chemical (CFIC) totes to a network of wood-treating lumber and prefabrication panel factories and wood-framed building construction job sites
US10311444B1 (en) * 2017-12-02 2019-06-04 M-Fire Suppression, Inc. Method of providing class-A fire-protection to wood-framed buildings using on-site spraying of clean fire inhibiting chemical liquid on exposed interior wood surfaces of the wood-framed buildings, and mobile computing systems for uploading fire-protection certifications and status information to a central database and remote access thereof by firefighters on job site locations during fire outbreaks on construction sites
US10332222B1 (en) * 2017-12-02 2019-06-25 M-Fire Supression, Inc. Just-in-time factory methods, system and network for prefabricating class-A fire-protected wood-framed buildings and components used to construct the same
US10430757B2 (en) * 2017-12-02 2019-10-01 N-Fire Suppression, Inc. Mass timber building factory system for producing prefabricated class-A fire-protected mass timber building components for use in constructing prefabricated class-A fire-protected mass timber buildings
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2161561A5 (en) 1973-07-06
JPS5615914B2 (en) 1981-04-13
IT975371B (en) 1974-07-20
CA977239A (en) 1975-11-04
NL7210081A (en) 1973-05-17
BE788653A1 (en)
AU4603072A (en) 1974-03-14
AU474658B2 (en) 1974-03-14
DE2246496A1 (en) 1973-05-24
CA977239A1 (en)
GB1409256A (en) 1975-10-08
BE788653A (en) 1973-01-02
JPS4858698A (en) 1973-08-17
ES406036A1 (en) 1975-09-16

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