US373127A - bussey - Google Patents

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US373127A
US373127A US373127DA US373127A US 373127 A US373127 A US 373127A US 373127D A US373127D A US 373127DA US 373127 A US373127 A US 373127A
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stove
air
hot
vertical
base
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B5/00Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges
    • F24B5/02Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves
    • F24B5/04Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves the air or gas passing downwards through the bottom of the stove of fire grate

Description

. 5SheetS-Sheet 1.v
(No 'Modem' RBUSSEY. 'PARLOR STOVE.
Patented Nov. 15, 1887.
(N6 Model.) 5 sneensQsheet 2,.
E. BUSSBY.
PARLOR sTovB.
N0.37s',127. PatentedNovJ, 1887.
'WTNESEEi A l VENTDR N. PETERS, PhnbLilhngmphar, Washnglm, D10.
(No Model.) 5 sheets-sheet 3.
E. BUSSEY;
PARLOR STOVB. No. 373,127; n PatentedNov. 1,5; 1887'.
ESEK BUSSEY, OF TROY, N YORK, ASSIGNOR TO THE BUSSEY 8U MCLEOD Y STOVE COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
w y PARLORLSTOVE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 373,127, dated November l5, 1887.
Application filed November 15, 1886. Serial No. 218,907. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EsEK BUssEY, of the city of Troy, county of Rensselaer, State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Parlor-Stoves, of which the following is a speciiication.
My invention relates to improvements in parlorstoves; and it has for its object the utilization of 'hot-air i'lnes arranged within the lo stove, 4by which currents of air are taken from the room at the bottom ofthe stove, are carried up through the latter in fines, to be discharged from the top of the stove in ahighlyheated condition, to thus more rapidly heat the I5 air of the room than when radiation from the exterior -walls of the stove is alone usedfor that purpose.
Where the radiating capacity of the exterior surfaces of the stove alone are used for heating the air of the room in which the stove is placed the circulation of theV air and heat is limited in the area of its operation. Where a current of air is taken from the room to be passed through hotair ilues within the stove, and when heated discharged into the room, therapidity of the heat-circulating capacity and its distributing area is increased.
My improvement upon the older method of utilizing an interior part of the stove for hotair flues consists (as will be more fully described hereinafter in connection withits illustration, and detailed in the claim)in the combination with the interior vertical ues of the stove of hot-air dues arranged therein adapted to connect with the air of the room at the bottom of the stove and to'discharge the heated air. from the top ofthe stove, and thus to dispense with using the capacity of the exterior radiatingsurfaees of the stove to heat these 4o hot-air currents.
Accompanying this specification and forming a part thereof are tive sheets o f drawings containing eleven figures illustrating my invention, with the same designation of parts by letters of reference used in all of them. Of these illustrations, Figure 1 shows a View of the rear of the stove, with the back plate of the stove removed to show the position of. the rear vertical fines of the stove, and the hot-air 5o pipes arranged therein to show the connection made at the top and bottom of said hot-air pipes. Fig. 2 is a central Vertical section of the stove, taken from side to side, with what is the front of the section'turned toward the sight. Fig. 3 is a vertical section taken cen- 55 trally through one of the rear vertical rines from front to rear, and also through one of the hot-air pipes placed therein, and showing the elbow by which 'the hot-air pipes connect with.
a chamber at the rear of the magazine. This 6o figure further illustrates the connection made between the vertically-arranged part of the hot-air pipe and the air-supplying lue in the stove-base. Fig. 4t is a plan view of thestovebase with the top plate removed. Fig. 5 is a 65 crosssection of the base taken on the line x x of Fig. 4. Fig. 6 is a side view of the stovebase with the side wall removed. Fig. 7 is a transverse section taken on the line m200? of Fig. 1. Fig. 8 is a vertical section of a part 7o of the stove, taken from side to side, illustrating the position ofthe usual rearverticalhotair ilues and a part of the hot-air iiues and the relative position of the damper and the exitpipe. Fig. 9 is a section taken from front to 75 rear of the damper of the eXit-pipe, and showing the connection between the combustionchainber and the exit-flue. Fig. 10 is a perspective of the hot-air ilues shown as removed from the'stove, andalso showing apart of the 8o elbows of each pipe, by which they connectat their upper ends with a chamber at the back of the magazine. Fig. l1 is a perspective of the upper end of one of the hot-air flues and its connection with the chamber or flue at the 8 5 back of the magazine.
The several parts of the stove thus illustrated, as Well as those containing my invention, are designated byletter-reference, and the function and operation of the parts are de- 9o' scribed as follows:
The letter C designates the tire-pot in which the fuel is burned; G, the grate at the bottom of the fire-pot; W, the outer walls of the stove;
A, the ash-pit, M, the magazine, and F Fl the rear vertical lines.
l3 designates the base-flue, with which the bottom ends of each ofthe vertical lines F F2 connect. l
The letter Il designates the dividing vertiroo cal plate of the base-flue.
The rear vertical iiues, F F2, are arranged in the body part of the stove that rearwardly and laterally projects beyond the magazinesection of the stove.
The letter D designates a damper that is hinged on a line that is at right angles to the stove-front, and this dampenwhen turned up, as indicated by the doti ed line d, allows the heat to pass directly to the exit-pipe E, and when this damper is closed, as shown at Fig. l, it causes the heat coming from the firecylinder to pass down into and through the descending` vertical iiue F', to enter the baseline, I4, moving therein around the vertical plate I3 and U-form plate U, to enter the ascendintfj,` vertical liuc F2, from whence it passes back o1' the damper D to the exit E.
The U-for1n due-plate U is arranged within the base B, and has an opening, O, which extends downwardly through the bottom of the base for the admission of air. Where extended rearwardly the concave plate U is divided into two horizontal fine parts, ffi, the lower surface of both of which in each part is downwardly concave, with the rear ends of each of these two tine parts rounded up, to each connect with one of the hot'air lines Hdlhrongh openings c, made in the base top plate, p, which latter-plate rool's in the concavity ot' the U-i`orm plate to forni the air-line U2 and that of its divided partsff, so to produce i'lueinelosures therein. Each of these hot-nir pipes II H is extended upward and through one of the vertical ilnes F/ F2, so as to pass through and out of them as separate inclosures l from the latter, each oi' said hot-air pipes, by nieaus of an elbow, el, connecting with the chamber J at the back ofthe reservoir or magazine, from the top ol" which chamber J the heat escapes by apertures a into the room wherein the stove is placed,or into a conduitpipe, whereby the heat may be carried to a rooni above.
The letter J2 indicates a chamber at the front and sides of the magazine, which chamber is separated from the chamber J by means of a Vertical partition, 6.
The operation oi' the irepot, combustionchambcr, rrar vertical ilues, and direct and base draft is the same asin the ordinary stoves of this class, and to a stove thus constructed I apply the means which I illustrate and describe to heat a current of air by passing the same up within the rear vertical lines of such a stove iuclosed and in pipes separate from said dues, but arranged within them.
The operationof the hot-air pipes thus arranged within the rear vertical lines is as follows: Air entering the due U2 through the bottoni of the latter and the bottoni of the stovebase divides in two currents, one of theni passing upwardly through that one oi' the l1otair pipes H which is arranged within the ver tical iiue F, and the other current moving upwardly through the other het-air pipe that is within the vertical tine FZ. The two enrrents of hot air both enter the chamber J, from which chamber they pass, before described. and while moving through the hotair pipes H, arranged within the lines Il" Fl, the air is heated by the het air and gases coming from the lire and passing through the latter without taking heat from the usual radiating capacity ot' the stove exterior, and by which adaptation ot' means a great improve nient is made upon older devices for the saine purpose.
Having` thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Iatent, is-
The combination, with the stove casing provided with rear vertical lines, F F2, and a covered base, B, ofthe hot-airllue plate U, formed with an air-opening, O, and convex converg ing* line parts ff, arranged within the base,
with ther upper edecsagainst the under sur-` face ol` the cover of the base, and the vertical hot-air pipes II il, arranged within the ver tical ilues oi' the stove, with their respective lower ends projectingv through the cover of the base and connected with the ends of the tineparts f f2 and their upper ends opening through the tops of the vertical ilues ot' the stove, substantially as described, and l'or the purpose stated.
Signed at Troy, New York, this Lith day of August, 1836, and in the presence of the two witnesses whose names are hereto written.
ICSEK BUSSEY.
W'itnesses:
(lunares S. BRINTNALL, Guo. A. D IRBY.
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