US3726582A - Electric discharge lamp comprising container of densely sintered aluminum oxide - Google Patents

Electric discharge lamp comprising container of densely sintered aluminum oxide Download PDF

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US3726582A
US3726582A US3726582DA US3726582A US 3726582 A US3726582 A US 3726582A US 3726582D A US3726582D A US 3726582DA US 3726582 A US3726582 A US 3726582A
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envelope
aluminum oxide
sealing
current lead
gas
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T Tol
Vrijer B De
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US Philips Corp
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B37/00Joining burned ceramic articles with other burned ceramic articles or other articles by heating
    • C04B37/02Joining burned ceramic articles with other burned ceramic articles or other articles by heating with metallic articles
    • C04B37/023Joining burned ceramic articles with other burned ceramic articles or other articles by heating with metallic articles characterised by the interlayer used
    • C04B37/025Joining burned ceramic articles with other burned ceramic articles or other articles by heating with metallic articles characterised by the interlayer used consisting of glass or ceramic material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B37/00Joining burned ceramic articles with other burned ceramic articles or other articles by heating
    • C04B37/003Joining burned ceramic articles with other burned ceramic articles or other articles by heating by means of an interlayer consisting of a combination of materials selected from glass, or ceramic material with metals, metal oxides or metal salts
    • C04B37/005Joining burned ceramic articles with other burned ceramic articles or other articles by heating by means of an interlayer consisting of a combination of materials selected from glass, or ceramic material with metals, metal oxides or metal salts consisting of glass or ceramic material
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J61/00Gas-discharge or vapour-discharge lamps
    • H01J61/02Details
    • H01J61/36Seals between parts of vessels; Seals for leading-in conductors; Leading-in conductors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
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    • C04B2237/00Aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/02Aspects relating to interlayers, e.g. used to join ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/10Glass interlayers, e.g. frit or flux
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2237/00Aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/30Composition of layers of ceramic laminates or of ceramic or metallic articles to be joined by heating, e.g. Si substrates
    • C04B2237/32Ceramic
    • C04B2237/34Oxidic
    • C04B2237/343Alumina or aluminates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2237/00Aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/30Composition of layers of ceramic laminates or of ceramic or metallic articles to be joined by heating, e.g. Si substrates
    • C04B2237/32Ceramic
    • C04B2237/34Oxidic
    • C04B2237/345Refractory metal oxides
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    • C04B2237/00Aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/50Processing aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to the joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/62Forming laminates or joined articles comprising holes, channels or other types of openings
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2237/00Aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/50Processing aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to the joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/76Forming laminates or joined articles comprising at least one member in the form other than a sheet or disc, e.g. two tubes or a tube and a sheet or disc
    • C04B2237/765Forming laminates or joined articles comprising at least one member in the form other than a sheet or disc, e.g. two tubes or a tube and a sheet or disc at least one member being a tube
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
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    • C04B2237/00Aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/50Processing aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to the joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/84Joining of a first substrate with a second substrate at least partially inside the first substrate, where the bonding area is at the inside of the first substrate, e.g. one tube inside another tube
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2237/00Aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/50Processing aspects relating to ceramic laminates or to the joining of ceramic articles with other articles by heating
    • C04B2237/88Joining of two substrates, where a substantial part of the joining material is present outside of the joint, leading to an outside joining of the joint

Abstract

Method of making an electric gas discharge lamp having an envelope of densely sintered aluminum oxide and employing an alkali metal vapor as the discharge medium. A current lead-in member for an electrode envelope by means of a sealing element of densely sintered aluminum oxide which is sintered to the inner wall of the envelope and is provided with an aperture into which a cylindrical current lead-in supporting at one end an electrode assembly is secured in a gastight manner. The current lead-in member is provided with a cover for the envelope which is sealed to the latter by a sealing glass having a melting point higher than 800*C. and lower than the melting point of the aluminum oxide or the current lead-in member.

Description

United States Patent 11 1 1 1 3,726,582 T01 et a1. 5] Apr. 10, 1973.
[54] ELECTRIC DISCHARGE LAW [56] References Cited CONIPRISING CONTAINER OF t UNITED STATES PATENTS DENSELY SINTERED ALUNHNUM OXIDE 3,363,134 1/1968 Johnson ..313/22O 3,385,463 5/1968 Lange ....313/220 UX Inventors: Taeke o ms e fier of 3,453,477 7/1969 Hanneman et a1 ..3l3/22l X E g Emdhoven Nether Primary Examiner-Charles W. Lanham Assistant Examiner.l. W. Davie [73] Ass1gnee: U.S. Philips Corporation, New Atwmey ]:rank R T if i York, N.Y.
[22] Filed: July 20, 1970 TR T [21] Appl. No 63,964 Method of making an electric gas discharge lamp having an envelope of densely sintered aluminum oxide and employing an alkali metal vapor as the discharge Related Appllcamm Data medium. A current lead-in member for an electrode [62] Division of Ser. No. 711,763, March 8, 1968, Pat. envelope y means of a Sealing element of densely No. 3,609,437. tered aluminum oxide which is sintered to the inner wall of the envelope and is provided with an aperture into which a cylindrical current lead-in supporting at [30] Foreign Application Priority Data one end an electrode assembly is secured in a gastight Mar 31 1967 Netherlands 6704681 manner. The current lead-in member is provided with n a cover for the envelope which is sealed to the latter 52 U.S. c1 ..3l6/17 313/220 by a Sealihg glass having a melting Piht higher than 51 1m. (:1. 31 101 9/00 800C and lower than the melting Pohtt the [58] Field of Search ..316/3, 17, 184, 220, mihhm oxide or the current lead-in member- 4 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATEHTED AFR] 01573 SHEET 1 OF 3 FIG.1
PATENTED APR 1 01973 SHEET 2 OF 3 FIG.&
PATENTEDAPR 1 0197s SHEET 3 [IF 3 Page FIG.5
ELECTRIC DISCHARGE LAMP COMPRISING CONTAINER F DENSELY SINTERED ALUMINUM OXIDE This is a division of application Ser. No. 711,763, filed Mar. 8, 1968 now U.S. Pat. No. 3,609,437.
The invention relates to electric gas discharge lamps having an envelope of the discharge space consisting of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide and to a method of manufacturing such a lamp.
The wall of a gas discharge lamp must consist of a material which at the operating temperature during the whole lifetime of the lamp is resistant to the chemical action of the gas atmosphere in the discharge space. If the temperature during operation is high, and the gas atmosphere contains constituents of an aggressive nature, as is the case, for example, in high pressure sodium vapor lamps in which the temperature during operation is between 700C and l500C, materials such as normal glass or quartz glass, can no longer be used. Actually they are strongly attacked during operation and then show a considerable discoloration which deteriorates the light radiation. In addition the attack reduces the mechanical resistance of the envelope so that the possibility of fracture of the lamp is increased. In order to check these drawbacks as much as possible it is known to manufacture the envelope of such lamps from translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide. This is to be understood to mean a material which consists for at least 95 percent by weight of aluminum oxide and is formed by heating a mixture of mainly aluminum oxide and a temporary binder at a very high temperature after it has been given a shape in a manner conventionally used in the ceramic industry.
Besides for the use in high pressure sodium vapor lamps it is of advantage to manufacture the envelope of high pressure mercury vapor lamps also, and in particular of high pressure mercury vapor lamps which contain iodine or iodides in the discharge space, from a densely sintered translucent aluminum oxide. In fact, this material is better resistant to the aggressive influences of the gas atmosphere than quartz glass which has so far been frequently used for such lamps.
As materials for the electrodes and the current leadin members to be sealed in a gas-tight manner in the envelope, only a few metals are to be considered for these lamps, for example, tungsten, molybdenum and niobium; in particular niobium is particularly suitable for use as a current lead-in member since its coefficient of expansion readily matches the coefficient of expansion of the densely sintered aluminum oxide.
The manufacture of the gas-tight seals remains a very difficult operation also in the case of a suitable choice of the metal for the current lead-in members, in particular niobium. The main reason for this is the particularly high melting point of the aluminum oxide (higher than l925C) and the fact that aluminum oxide has no melting range, such as glass or quartz glass. Therefore a variety of constructions for the gas-tight seals are al-' ready known.
One of the conventional means to improve the seals consists in using a tubular current supply member. Actually such a tubular current supply member has a certain flexibility as a result of which small differences in coefficients of expansion can more easily be conipensated for. It is difficult to secure such a tube directly in the envelope and therefore the tube in a known construction is provided, in a separate operation and in a gas-tight manner, in a plug of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide, which plug is again secured in a gas-tight manner in the envelope which consists of the same material as the plug.
In another construction a cover of densely sintered aluminum oxide is used instead of a plug placed in the envelope, said cover being secured in a gas-tight manner on the outside against an opening of the envelope.
In another construction a likewise tubular current lead-in member is provided with a rather thin radial flange having a large diameter and said flange is directly secured in an aperture of the envelope of the discharge lamp. Such a seal is, of course, very flexible. A variation of said seal is a construction in which the flange is not sealed in an aperture of the envelope, but on the outside against it.
a Most of the above described constructions use a connection glass between the component parts of the seal since without such a glass substantially no gas-tight connection can be obtained. Of course, high requirements must be imposed on the glass in connection with the high temperatures and the aggressive atmosphere to which the compounds are exposed both during the manufacture and during operation of the lamps.
Lamps with the above construction are satisfactory in practice, but as a result of the particularly difficult manufacture the percentage of rejects right after the manufacture is always very high. It is the object of the invention to improve this.
An electric gas discharge lamp according to the invention comprises an envelope of the discharge space consisting of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide and at least one current lead-in member secured in a gas-tight manner in the envelope, said envelope having a cylindrical part at the area of the current leadin member which, is characterized in that a sealing element which consists of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide is arranged in the cylindrical part and is sintered in a gas-tight manner to the envelope. This sealing element is provided with an aperture in which the current lead-in member is secured in a gas-tight manner by means of a sealing glass having a melting point higher than 800C and lower than the melting point of the translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide and of the metal of the current lead-in member. The lamp further comprises a cover having an aperture for the current lead-in member and consists of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide and bears against the end of the cylindrical part of the envelope and against the sealing element arranged therein. This cover is secured in a gas-tight manner to the envelope, the sealingelement and the current supply member by a sealing glass having a melting point higher than 800C and lower than the melting point of the translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide and of the metal of the current lead-in member.
As already explained above, constructions are known in which a plug is-secured in a tube of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide in order to seal the discharge space therewith. In the known construction This plug is secured by means of a glass or a lowmelting-point ceramic material in the tube which consists of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide.
Such a structure is not particularly reliable which is mainly due to the fact that the coefficient of expansion of the sealing material used is not always the same. As a result of this strains easily occur in the seals which may give rise to cracks. In addition, a rim of sealing material is formed in the corner joint between the plug and the envelope on the inner side. During operation of the gas discharge lamp this material is exposed to the aggressive gas atmosphere at the high operating temperature. As a result of this not only discoloring often occurs but frequently cracking of the sealing material often just sets in at that place and then continues in the material between the plug and the envelope. In a construction according to the invention in which the sealing element is sintered in the envelope all these drawbacks are avoided.
The cover of densely sintered translucent aluminum oxide which according to the invention is secured to the cylindrical part of the envelope and the sealing element with a sealing glass, provides a" particularly large certainty that no leakage can occur, particularly not along the current lead-in member. Because also between the cover and the envelope and between the cover and the sealing element a thin glass layer is present, an even more reliable gas-tight seal is obtained. If desired, an extra glas rim may be arranged in the comer joint between the current leadin member and the cover. This glass rim in fact is arranged on the outside of the whole construction and consequently cannot be attacked by the aggressive atmosphere in the discharge space.
The sealing glass with which the various parts are secured together must have a melting point above 800C because lamps according to the invention are often loaded so high that the temperature of the lamp increases to above 700C. This is the case in particular when a high pressure discharge is produced in the discharge space in an atmosphere which contains at least an alkali metal, mercury and at least a rare gas. The invention may be used in particular in so-called high pressure sodium vapor lamps in which the alkali metal is sodium and the rare gas is xenon.
In lamps according to the invention, as in the known lamp constructions, the current lead-in member, at least that portion which is secured in a gas tight manner in the sealing member and in the cover, preferably consists of the metal niobium.
In a particularly advantageous embodiment of a gas discharge lamp according to the invention the cover projects beyond the cylindrical part and a rim of sealing glass is provided in the corner joint formed between these two parts. As a result of this an even more reliable gas-tight seal is obtained.
As in low pressure sodium lamps, an evacuated outer envelope or an outer envelope filled with an inert gas, for example, argon, within which the envelope of the actual discharge container is arranged, may be used in lamps according to the invention. This outer bulb serves as a heat insulator as is the case in the low pressure sodium lamps. In a particularly advantageous embodiment of a discharge lamp according to the invenin member and is rigidly secured to the outer bulb. As a result of the fact that the pin-like supporting member is arranged with some clearance in the tubular current lead-in member, the actual discharge space can easily extend without forces being exerted on the current lead-in member which might result in breakage of the seal and/or the current lead-in member. Since the electric connection between the current lead-in member and the pin-like supporting member sometimes leaves much to be desired as a result of the clearance'between said two parts, according to a particular embodiment of a lamp according to the invention aflexible electrically conductive connection is provided between the current lead-in member on the one hand and a pole wire which is provided in the outer bulb, for example, in a pinch thereof on the other hand.
The invention will now be described in greater detail,
with reference to the accompanying drawings, in
discharge lamp according to the invention, and in particular for manufacturing the gas tight seals;
FIG. 6 shows a variation of the construction shown in FIG. 1.
Referring now to FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes the envelope of a discharge space 2, in which a gas discharge can be generated in an atmosphere which consists, for example, of sodium vapor, mercury vapor and a rare gas, for example, xenon. The envelope 1 consists of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide. The electrodes 3 and 4 which are constructed in known manner and comprise inter alia a tungsten coil are arranged at the ends of the discharge space 2. The electrodes 3 and 4 are secured to current lead-in members 5 and 6 which consist of niobium tubes. 7 and 8 denote two sealing elements which likewise consist of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide; they are secured in the envelope 1 by sintering. 9 and I0 denote two covers which likewise consist of densely sintered translucent aluminum oxide and which are secured both to the envelope 1 and to the sealing elements 7 and 8. The discharge tube 1 is arranged within an outer bulb 11 which consists, for example, of hard glass. Said outer bulb comprises a pinch 12 in which two supporting wires 13 and 14 are secured which likewise serve as current lead-in members for the electrodes 4 and 3, respectively. 15 and 16 denote two strip-like connection members which connect the electrodes 3 and 4, respectively, to the supporting wires 14 and 13, respectively. A quartz tube 17 is arranged around the supporting wire 14 for protection. 18 and 19 denote two gettering rings which maintain the vacuum in the outer bulb 11. r
FIG. 2 shows on an enlarged scale the construction of the upper end of the gas discharge tube 1 shown in FIG. 1. In this Figure, corresponding components bear the same reference numerals as in FIG. 1. The thick black lines denote that the sealing element 7 of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide is sintered in the envelope 1 which consists of the same material. 21 denotes a sealing glass with which, as shown in the Figure, the current lead-in member 6 is secured both to the cover 9 and to the sealing element 7. This sealing glass is also arranged between the cover 9 on the one hand and the envelope 1 and the sealing element 7 on the other hand. As a result of the large length and the favorable position of this sealing glass an excellent vacuum-tight seal is obtained. In the corner joint inside the discharge space, between the current lead-in member 6 and the sealing element 7, substantially no glass is provided which could be attacked by the aggressive atmosphere in the gas discharge space. In the corner joint on the outside there is a glass rim but there exists no danger of attack by the aggressive atmosphere there. The actual electrode consists of an element 22 secured in the current lead-in member 6, and consisting, for example, of molybdenum. This element is secured, for example, in known manner with titanium, to the tube 6 which may consist of niobium. The extremity of the element 22 is constructed as a pin and is connected to a tungsten pin 23. 24 denotes a tungsten coil which is coiled around the pin-like part andthe pin. This tungsten coil may be coated, if desired, with a material which readily emits electrons.
The variation of the seal shown in FIG. 3 comprises the same elements as in FIG. 2 and these are referred to by the same reference numerals. In this embodiment the cover 9 has a larger diameter than the envelope 1. As a result of this a glass rim 28 can be formed in the corner joint between the cover 9 and the envelope 1 which is an extra guarantee for a ready gas-tight seal.
In manufacturing a gas discharge lamp according to the invention the envelope 1 is first provided with the sealing elements 7 and 8. These sealing elements comprise an aperture in which the current lead-in member is to be secured. This is preferably carried out as follows. An assembly as shown in FIG. 6 is manufactured consisting of the tubular current lead-in member 6 with the electrode 22, 23, 24 secured thereto. The cover of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide 9 is placed around the tube 6. Above and below this cover, rings 25 and 26, respectively, of a vitreous or glassforming material are arranged, having a composition essentially consisting of aluminum'oxide, calcium oxide, barium oxide, silicon oxide, magnesium oxide and strontium oxide. 27 denotes a narrow strip or wire, for example, of molybdenum, which is secured to the current-lead-in member 6. It serves to prevent the current lead-in member 6 from falling through the aperture of the cover 9 and to ensure the correct position of the electrode in the envelope 1. After having manufactured the assembly as shown in the Figure, it is arranged on the sealing element in which the current lead-in member 6 is slid through the aperture in this sealing element. The rings 25 and 26 are then melted by heating. The melted glass secures both the current lead-in member 6 and the cover 9 in the sealing element. At the same time a glass layer is formed between the sealing element and the cover as already shown in FIG. 2.
FIG. 5 shows an apparatus with which the seals of a gas discharge lamp according to the invention can be made. This apparatus consists of a bell 30'which is connected to a base by means of packings 31. The bell 30 contains an inner tube 32 which at its upper side is provided with an aperture. A metal block 36 which can be cooled by water is arranged in the tube 32. This water can be supplied at 37 and can be conducted away at 38. A collar 39 of quartz having four tungsten pins 40 is arranged around the block 36. These pins 40 in turn support with their upper sides a cylinder 41 consisting of graphite. A high frequency heating coil 42 is arranged around the bell 30 near the graphite cylinder 41.
The manufacture of the gas-tight seal of the envelope 43 consisting of translucent densely sintered aluminum oxide is carried out as follows. Starting material is the envelope 43 in which the sealing elements 44 and 45, respectively, are already sintered and on which the assembly shown in FIG. 4 is placed at one end. The whole is placed in the metal block 36. The tube 32 is then provided followed by the pin 35, the intermediate member 33 and the spring 34. The bell 30 is then provided as a result of which the pin 35 simultaneously presses the assembly shown in FIG. 4. After all these parts have been provided, the cooling water is supplied at 37 and the whole space inside the bell 30 and the envelope 43 is filled with an inert gas, for example, argon. The graphite cylinder 41 is then heated by means of a high frequency coil 42, until the rings 48 of glass-forming material melts and the cover 49 and the current lead-in member 50 are connected in a gas-tight manner to the envelope 43 and the sealing element 44. After cooling, the bell 30 and the inner tube 32 may be removed. The envelope 43 with the manufactured seal may then be removed.
Manufacturing the seal at the other end is done in a similar manner. Before this seal is made, however, the required quantity of mercury may be provided in the envelope. This need not be effected in an inert atmosphere. The introduction of alkali metal must be carried out in an inert atmosphere. The same apparatus may be used for that purpose. The procedure in this case is as follows. The envelope which is sealed at one end is introduced into the block 36. The tube 32 is then provided after which through the supply 46 an inert gas, for example, argon is supplied. The outlet 47 is closed. The gas fills the whole space inside the tube 32 and it is ensured that the envelope 43 also is filled with this gas. The inert gas flows out of the tube 32 at the upper end. Then the required quantity of alkali metal, for example, sodium, is introduced into the envelope 43 through this aperture. The assembly shown in FIG. 4 is then arranged on the envelope. The flow of inert gas continues. The pressure device 33, 34, 35 and thebell 30 are then provided. The supply 46 is closed, and the whole space inside the bell 30 is evacuated through 47. The rare gas, for example, xenon, which is necessary in the finished tube is then supplied through 46. The second seal is then made in a similar manner as the first seal by heating.
In the embodiment shown in FIG. 6 which largely corresponds to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1 a pin 61 is provided in the uppermost tubular current lead-in member 60 and is secured in the outer bulb at 62. This pin 61 fits the tubular member 60 with some clearance. During operation of the lamp in which the actual discharge tube 63 may become very warm, it can expand without hindrance at the upper side. The pin 61 and the tube 60 slide relative to one another. The current lead-in to the member 60 takes place through the flexible wire 64 at one end is connected to said member and at the other end is connected to the pole wire 66 sealed in the pinch 65.
We claim:
1. A method of manufacturing an electric gas discharge lamp having two gas-tight seals comprising the steps of:
separately sintering two sealing elements in opposite ends of an elongated tubular envelope, each sealing element having an aperture therein; inserting a tubular current lead-in member supporting an electrode assembly at the first end ofthe' tubular envelope into a firstone of said apertures;
sealing a cover provided with an aperture, which cover surrounds the current lead-in member, to the lead-in member and to the said first end of the tubular envelope;
introducing mercury, a rare gas and an alkali metal through the aperture in the sealing element at the second and opposite end of the envelope;
thereafter introducing an electrode assembly in said second end of said envelope; and
sealing a second cover provided with an aper-ture to said second end of the envelope in like manner as the first cover to the first end of said envelope.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein the introduction of the alkali metal, the connection of the second current supply member and the second cover are carried out in a bell containing an inert atmosphere of the rare gas.
3. The method of claim 2 wherein the connection of the current supply member is effected by uniting said member, the cover and a given quantity of glass-forming material into one handleable assembly which is placed on the sealing element, the current supply member being threaded through the aperture in the sealing element.
4. The method of manufacturing an electric gas discharge'lamp as in claim 1 wherein the alkali metal is sodium and the rare gas is xenon.

Claims (3)

  1. 2. The method of claim 1 wherein the introduction of the alkali metal, the connection of the second current supply member and the second cover are carried out in a bell containing an inert atmosphere of the rare gas.
  2. 3. The method of claim 2 wherein the connection of the current supply member is effected by uniting said member, the cover and a given quantity of glass-forming material into one handleable assembly which is placed on the sealing element, the current supply member being threaded through the aperture in the sealing element.
  3. 4. The method of manufacturing an electric gas discharge lamp as in claim 1 wherein the alkali metal is sodium and the rare gas is xenon.
US3726582D 1967-03-31 1970-07-20 Electric discharge lamp comprising container of densely sintered aluminum oxide Expired - Lifetime US3726582A (en)

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US3866280A (en) * 1973-12-26 1975-02-18 Gte Sylvania Inc Method of manufacturing high pressure sodium arc discharge lamp
US4198586A (en) * 1977-04-15 1980-04-15 U.S. Philips Corporation High pressure metal vapor discharge lamp and seal structure therefor
EP0122052A1 (en) * 1983-03-10 1984-10-17 GTE Products Corporation Arc tube fabrication process
US4560903A (en) * 1982-02-26 1985-12-24 U.S. Philips Corporation High pressure discharge lamp
EP0188229A2 (en) * 1985-01-14 1986-07-23 General Electric Company Ceramic lamp end closure and inlead structure
US4702717A (en) * 1987-01-30 1987-10-27 Gte Products Corporation Method of making electric lamp with internal conductive reflector
US4721886A (en) * 1984-12-18 1988-01-26 U.S. Philips Corporation High-pressure discharge lamp with precision end seal structure
EP0122050B1 (en) * 1983-03-10 1988-12-28 GTE Products Corporation Unsaturated vapor high pressure sodium lamp arc tube fabrication process
US4988318A (en) * 1983-03-10 1991-01-29 Gte Products Corporation Unsaturated vapor high pressure sodium lamp arc tube fabrication process
US5026311A (en) * 1983-03-10 1991-06-25 Gte Products Corporation Arc tube fabrication process

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US3895248A (en) * 1969-03-11 1975-07-15 Philips Corp Gas discharge device with glow discharge igniting structure
NL7003667A (en) * 1970-03-14 1971-09-16
DE2209868C3 (en) * 1972-03-01 1982-03-11 Patent-Treuhand-Gesellschaft Fuer Elektrische Gluehlampen Mbh, 8000 Muenchen, De
JPS4893180A (en) * 1972-03-08 1973-12-03
US3967871A (en) * 1972-06-23 1976-07-06 Egyesult Izzolampa Es Villamossagi Resvenytarsasag Process for manufacturing tubeless vacuum electric discharge lamps
US3845343A (en) * 1973-05-02 1974-10-29 Gen Electric Inside bulb coating for ultraviolet lamp
US3855494A (en) * 1973-08-29 1974-12-17 Westinghouse Electric Corp Ceramic arc lamp construction
US3996487A (en) * 1975-05-14 1976-12-07 Westinghouse Electric Corporation Ceramic discharge lamp with reduced heat drain
US3992642A (en) * 1975-12-15 1976-11-16 Mcvey Charles I Ceramic envelope plug and lead wire and seal
US4034252A (en) * 1975-12-15 1977-07-05 General Electric Company Ceramic lamp seal and control of sealing frit distribution
NL183092C (en) * 1976-08-05 1988-07-18 Philips Nv Gas discharge lamp.
NL7612120A (en) * 1976-11-02 1978-05-05 Philips Nv ELECTRIC GAS DISCHARGE LAMP.
HU174714B (en) * 1977-01-06 1980-03-28 Egyesuelt Izzolampa Electric discharge tube
NL178108C (en) * 1978-04-10 1986-10-16 Philips Nv Electric gas discharge lamp.
JPS53166577U (en) * 1978-04-27 1978-12-27
US4281274A (en) * 1979-08-01 1981-07-28 General Electric Co. Discharge lamp having vitreous shield
HU178880B (en) * 1980-06-20 1982-07-28 Egyesuelt Izzolampa Sodium discharge lamp with aluminium oxide discharge tube and process for the production thereof
JPS5739116A (en) * 1980-08-18 1982-03-04 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Jig for heat treatment
US4382205A (en) * 1980-09-02 1983-05-03 General Electric Company Metal vapor arc lamp having thermal link diminishable in heat conduction
GB2105904B (en) * 1981-09-04 1985-10-23 Emi Plc Thorn High pressure discharge lamps
HU183876B (en) * 1982-04-02 1984-06-28 Egyesuelt Izzolampa Metal halogenid lamp
US4774431A (en) * 1986-09-29 1988-09-27 North American Philips Lighting Corp. Arc tube wire support
HU196531B (en) * 1986-09-29 1988-11-28 Philips Nv High-pressure discharge lamp with wire-suspended discharge tube
US4804889A (en) * 1987-12-18 1989-02-14 Gte Products Corporation Electrode feedthrough assembly for arc discharge lamp
US5198722A (en) * 1990-10-31 1993-03-30 North American Philips Corporation High-pressure discharge lamp with end seal evaporation barrier
DE4037721C2 (en) * 1990-11-27 2003-02-13 Patent Treuhand Ges Fuer Elektrische Gluehlampen Mbh Process for producing a high pressure sodium lamp and device suitable therefor
US20020117965A1 (en) * 2001-02-23 2002-08-29 Osram Sylvania Inc. High buffer gas pressure ceramic arc tube and method and apparatus for making same
US6641449B2 (en) * 2001-04-24 2003-11-04 Osram Sylvania Inc. High pressure lamp bulb and method of induction sealing
GB2383486B (en) * 2001-12-19 2005-02-16 Microwave Solutions Ltd Detector device
US7040121B2 (en) * 2002-10-31 2006-05-09 Corning Incorporated Sealing lighting device component assembly with solder glass preform by using infrared radiation
US6976372B2 (en) * 2002-10-31 2005-12-20 Corning Incorporated Sealing lighting device component assembly with solder glass preform by using induction heating

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US3363134A (en) * 1965-12-08 1968-01-09 Gen Electric Arc discharge lamp having polycrystalline ceramic arc tube
US3385463A (en) * 1965-03-11 1968-05-28 Patent Treuhand Ges Fuer Elektrische Gluehlampen Mbh Alkali metal vapor lamp
US3453477A (en) * 1967-02-16 1969-07-01 Gen Electric Alumina-ceramic sodium vapor lamp

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US3385463A (en) * 1965-03-11 1968-05-28 Patent Treuhand Ges Fuer Elektrische Gluehlampen Mbh Alkali metal vapor lamp
US3363134A (en) * 1965-12-08 1968-01-09 Gen Electric Arc discharge lamp having polycrystalline ceramic arc tube
US3453477A (en) * 1967-02-16 1969-07-01 Gen Electric Alumina-ceramic sodium vapor lamp

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3866280A (en) * 1973-12-26 1975-02-18 Gte Sylvania Inc Method of manufacturing high pressure sodium arc discharge lamp
US4198586A (en) * 1977-04-15 1980-04-15 U.S. Philips Corporation High pressure metal vapor discharge lamp and seal structure therefor
US4560903A (en) * 1982-02-26 1985-12-24 U.S. Philips Corporation High pressure discharge lamp
EP0122052A1 (en) * 1983-03-10 1984-10-17 GTE Products Corporation Arc tube fabrication process
US5026311A (en) * 1983-03-10 1991-06-25 Gte Products Corporation Arc tube fabrication process
EP0122050B1 (en) * 1983-03-10 1988-12-28 GTE Products Corporation Unsaturated vapor high pressure sodium lamp arc tube fabrication process
US4988318A (en) * 1983-03-10 1991-01-29 Gte Products Corporation Unsaturated vapor high pressure sodium lamp arc tube fabrication process
US4721886A (en) * 1984-12-18 1988-01-26 U.S. Philips Corporation High-pressure discharge lamp with precision end seal structure
EP0188229A3 (en) * 1985-01-14 1988-10-19 General Electric Company Ceramic lamp end closure and inlead structure
EP0188229A2 (en) * 1985-01-14 1986-07-23 General Electric Company Ceramic lamp end closure and inlead structure
US4702717A (en) * 1987-01-30 1987-10-27 Gte Products Corporation Method of making electric lamp with internal conductive reflector

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Publication number Publication date
DE1639086A1 (en) 1970-05-27
JPS6213792B1 (en) 1987-03-28
AT279734B (en) 1970-03-10
DK139050B (en) 1978-12-04
GB1205871A (en) 1970-09-23
US3609437A (en) 1971-09-28
DE1639086B2 (en) 1975-10-23
NL154865B (en) 1977-10-17
SE333607B (en) 1971-03-22
NL6704681A (en) 1968-10-01
CH483117A (en) 1969-12-15
FR1557527A (en) 1969-02-14
NO124400B (en) 1972-04-10
ES352137A1 (en) 1970-04-16
BE713016A (en) 1968-09-30
DK139050C (en) 1979-05-14

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