US3724319A - Fax minefield clearing device - Google Patents

Fax minefield clearing device Download PDF

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Publication number
US3724319A
US3724319A US3724319DA US3724319A US 3724319 A US3724319 A US 3724319A US 3724319D A US3724319D A US 3724319DA US 3724319 A US3724319 A US 3724319A
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Prior art keywords
fuel
area
containers
cloud
elongated
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Expired - Lifetime
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R Zabelka
L Smith
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US Secretary of Navy
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US Secretary of Navy
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H11/00Defence installations; Defence devices
    • F41H11/12Means for clearing land minefields; Systems specially adapted for detection of landmines
    • F41H11/14Explosive line charges, e.g. snakes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/36Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information
    • F42B12/56Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information for dispensing discrete solid bodies
    • F42B12/68Line-carrying missiles, e.g. for life-saving

Abstract

A plurality of fuel containers, series connected together by lines, are deposited along a mine field by a towing projectile, such as a rocket. The containers are then explosively ruptured, forming an elongated fuel-air cloud contiguous to the mine field. Shortly thereafter, the cloud is detonated by a high explosive wave, producing overpressure on the mine field which detonates mines sensitive to such overpressure.

Description

United States Patent [191 Zabelka et al.

[111 3,724,319 [4 1 Apr. 3, 19 73 [54] FAX MINEFIELD CLEARING DEVICE [75] Inventors: Richard J. Zabelka, Sault Sainte Marie, Mich.; Lloyd 11. Smith, China Lake, Calif.

[73] Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy [22] Filed: Mar. 8, 1967 [21] Appl. No.1 621,707

[52] US. Cl. ..89/1 M, 102/6, 102/22, 102/89 [51] Int. Cl. ..F4lf l/00 [58] Field of Search "89/1, 1.01; lO2/34.4, 6, 22, 102/89 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Firth .L ..102/6 2,535,309 12/1950 Mari ..lO2/34.4 2,771,841 11/1956 De Fino ..102/22 3,114,316 12/1963 Littleton i ..89/1 M 3,242,862 4/1966 Stegbeck et a1 ..89/1 M Primary Examiner-Samuel W. Engle Attorney-G. J. Rubens, R. Miller and V. C. Muller [5 7] ABSTRACT A plurality of fuel containers, series connected together by lines, are deposited along a mine field by a towing projectile, such as a rocket. The containers are then explosively ruptured, forming an elongated fuelair cloud contiguous to the mine field. Shortly thereafter, the cloud is detonated by a high explosive wave, producing overpressure on the mine field which detonates mines sensitive to such overpressure.

2 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATENTEDhPR 3 I973 I I mm INVENTORS- RICHARD J. ZABELKA LLOYD H. SMITH V. C. MULLER ROY MILLER ATTORNEYS.

FAX MINEFIELD CLEARING DEVICE The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

This invention relates to clearing of land areas and more particularly to improvements employing a fuel-air cloud for producing the requisite pressure.

It is common practice in warfare to mine land areas to thus deter the passage of personnel and equipment across such areas. To render such areas passable, many proposals have been made for clearing them, usually by detonating high explosives over the field, or in direct contact with the field, to produce pressure and shock waves intended to detonate the mines. These have not proven to be completely reliable for their intended purpose since the explosives were fully effective only at spaced points in the field, and thus covered it only in a spotty manner. The US. Pat. No. to Stegbeck et al., 3,242,862, is exemplary of the prior art referred to.

One of the objects of this invention is to provide method and apparatus for producing substantially uniform overpressure on a mine field, as distinguished from the variable pressures produced by a plurality of spaced high explosives.

Another object is to produce the overpressure by delivering only a hydrocarbon to the area, and utilizing available atmospheric oxygen to produce an explosive mixture, as distinguished from high explosives which carry both a fuel and oxidizer, thus decreasing the quantity of material to be delivered and also utilizing a material which is relatively inexpensive.

Still further objects, advantages and salient features will become more apparent from the description to follow, the appended claims, and the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 illustrates method and apparatus for projecting and depositlng fuel canisters on a mine field;

FIG. 2 is a like illustration after the canisters have been deposited;

FIG. 3 illustrates the detonation of a fuel-air cloud; and

FIG. 4 is a side elevation, partly in section, of one of the canisters.

Referring now to the drawing, and first to FIG. 1, the apparatus forming the subject of the invention comprises a projectile which is connected by lines 12 to a plurality of canisters 14, the canisters being towed by the projectile during its launch and trajectory to a mine field 16. The projectile may be launched from a mortar or be in the form of a rocket launched from a suitable launcher 18, the patent to Stegbeck being illustrative of suitable apparatus for depositing the canisters in the desired position on a mine field. A cloud detonator is similarly connected to the rearmost canister, the purpose of which will be subsequently described.

The canisters, as shown in FIG. 4, are of generally conventional design comprising a scored cylindrical shell 22, closed at opposite ends, and containing a liquid hydrocarbon 24. A burster tube 26, containing a burster change 28, is disposed axially of the shell and serves the purpose of bursting the shell and projecting the fuel at high velocity, in the form of highly divided 6 partlcles, through the air In conventional well known manner such as disclosed in the patent application of Frank G. Crescenzo et al., Ser. No. 551,842, filed May 17, 1966. Each canister may contain an individual burster charge initiated by an electric squib, the squibs being parallel connected by wires extending through lines 12 and connected to a source of electric current, such as a battery, serially connected through a delay fuze. In a simplified embodiment as illustrated, the burster charge is primacord 30, extending through the canister which, when detonated, serves as a detonator for detonating the canisters substantially simultaneously. The primacord is preferably encased within a sheath 32 of sufficient strength to withstand the forces encountered during launch and towing of the canisters to their desired position.

The rearmost device 20 contains a high explosive, a suitable detonator for same, and a fuze for initiating the detonator at a desired time after the canisters have been ruptured. Preferably, its time delay is initiated by the detonation of the primacord so that the high explosive is detonated a fixed time after rupture of the canisters and at a time at which the fuel has mixed with the air to an optimum explosive fuel-air ratio.

In operation, the canisters are projected as illustrated in FIG. 1- and come to rest on the mine field as shown in FIG. 2. At a time later, which normally will not be critical, the primacord is detonated, projecting the fuel into a series of clouds which mingle and form a single elongated cloud 34 in juxtaposition with the mine field. When the could has formed to optimum fuel air ratio (40-100 microseconds later), the high explosive in device 20 is detonated producing a detonation wave 36 through the cloud which detonates same and produces overpressure on the mine field (250-300 psi for a duration of several milliseconds), detonating any mines which are sensitive to the overpressure.

While a specific environment of use has been so far described, it will now be apparent that the apparatus and method may also be employed for defoliation of trees and shrubs, antipersonnel operations, defense of advancing troops and breaking of ice jams.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

What is claimed is:

1. The process of forming and detonating an elongated fuel-air mixture (FAX) cloud contiguous to an elongated area on the ground comprising the steps of:

a. launching a missile to the forward end of said area while towing a plurality of spaced fuel containers by the missile and depositing same on the ground in spaced relation along the length of said area,

b. explosively rupturing the containers substantially at the same time after they have been deposited to initially produce a series of spaced fuel-air clouds, which thence mingle to form a single elongated cloud disposed over and contiguous with said area, and

c. detonating the single cloud after it has formed to an optimum fuel-air ratio, producing substantially uniform overpressure upon said area.

2. Apparatus for forming and detonating an elongated fuel-air mixture contiguous to an elongated area on the ground which comprises:

a. a rocket and launcher for same,

b. a plurality of fuel containers,

clouds which thence mingle to form a single elongated cloud disposed over and contiguous with said area, and means for detonating the single cloud after it has formed to an optimum fuel-air ratio to thereby produce substantially uniform overpressure upon said area.

Claims (2)

1. The process of forming and detonating an elongated fuel-air mixture (FAX) cloud contiguous to an elongated area on the ground comprising the steps of: a. launching a missile to the forward end of said area while towing a plurality of spaced fuel containers by the missile and depositing same on the ground in spaced relation along the length of said area, b. explosively rupturing the containers substantially at the same time after they have been deposited to initially produce a series of spaced fuel-air clouds, which thence mingle to form a single elongated cloud disposed over and contiguous with said area, and c. detonating the single cloud after it has formed to an optimum fuel-air ratio, producing substantially uniform overpressure upon said area.
2. Apparatus for forming and detonating an elongated fuel-air mixture contiguous to an elongated area on the ground which comprises: a. a rocket and launcher for same, b. a plurality of fuel containers, c. towing lines for connecting the rocket and containers together so constructed to tow the containers by the rocket in spaced relation to thereby deposit same on the ground in spaced relation along the length of the area. d. means for explosively rupturing the containers at substantially the same time after they have been deposited, producing a series of spaced fuel-air clouds which thence mingle to form a single elongated cloud disposed over and contiguous with said area, and e. means for detonating the single cloud after it has formed to an optimum fuel-air ratio to thereby produce substantially uniform overpressure upon said area.
US3724319D 1967-03-08 1967-03-08 Fax minefield clearing device Expired - Lifetime US3724319A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4273048A (en) * 1979-03-26 1981-06-16 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Surface-launched fuel-air explosive minefield clearance round
US4297949A (en) * 1979-07-31 1981-11-03 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Cloud detonator in surface-launched fuel-air explosive minefield clearance round
US4776255A (en) * 1986-09-19 1988-10-11 Smith John L C Minefield breaching
EP0305160A2 (en) * 1987-08-24 1989-03-01 Science Applications International Corporation Apparatus and method for neutralizing mine fields
US4901644A (en) * 1989-04-03 1990-02-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Lane marker
EP0360234A1 (en) * 1988-09-23 1990-03-28 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Minefield clearing device
US5168123A (en) * 1989-07-20 1992-12-01 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Of Her Majesty's Canadian Government Chemical initiation of detonation in fuel-air explosive clouds
US5417139A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-05-23 Unisys Corporation Delivery system and method for flexible array
WO1996012928A1 (en) * 1994-10-24 1996-05-02 Tracor Aerospace, Inc. Aerial deployment of an explosive array
US5932835A (en) * 1997-09-12 1999-08-03 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Line charge insensitive munition warhead
US5970841A (en) * 1997-04-01 1999-10-26 Trocino; Joseph L. Humanitarian demining device
DE19714133C2 (en) * 1997-04-05 2000-02-03 Rheinmetall W & M Gmbh Process for the destruction of buried landmines and device for carrying out this process
US6152010A (en) * 1998-04-27 2000-11-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Wide-area slurry mine clearance
US6202531B1 (en) * 1998-02-27 2001-03-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Land mine killer
US6321630B1 (en) * 2000-03-27 2001-11-27 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Thermoset/thermoplastic line charge with contoured fabric fastening and detonating cord management system and assembly process
US6324957B1 (en) * 2000-06-07 2001-12-04 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Detonating cord stowage system
US6540175B1 (en) * 2001-12-03 2003-04-01 Lockheed Martin Corporation System for clearing buried and surface mines
US20110062281A1 (en) * 2008-05-13 2011-03-17 Bae Systems Plc Launch system
US20120001020A1 (en) * 2009-09-09 2012-01-05 Carlos Thomas Miralles Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable rf transparent launch tube
JP2012132623A (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-07-12 Ihi Aerospace Co Ltd Detonating cord and detonating code projection system using the same
JP2014211284A (en) * 2013-04-19 2014-11-13 株式会社Ihiエアロスペース Obstacle removing device and obstacle removing method
US8904937B2 (en) * 2012-04-13 2014-12-09 C-2 Innovations Inc. Line charge
US9175933B2 (en) 2014-02-21 2015-11-03 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Simple low-cost hand-held landmine neutralization device
US9969504B1 (en) * 2015-09-08 2018-05-15 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Automated multi-plane propulsion system
US10703506B2 (en) * 2019-09-18 2020-07-07 Aerovironment, Inc. Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable RF transparent launch tube

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2372264A (en) * 1942-02-04 1945-03-27 Stephen W Firth Bomb
US2535309A (en) * 1947-03-04 1950-12-26 Mari Charles Napoleon Rocket
US2771841A (en) * 1947-08-15 1956-11-27 Fino Anthony J De Belt line charge
US3114316A (en) * 1953-04-29 1963-12-17 Leonidas R Littleton Mine clearing device
US3242862A (en) * 1959-11-17 1966-03-29 Comet Appbau G M B H Method of and apparatus for sweeping of mine fields

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2372264A (en) * 1942-02-04 1945-03-27 Stephen W Firth Bomb
US2535309A (en) * 1947-03-04 1950-12-26 Mari Charles Napoleon Rocket
US2771841A (en) * 1947-08-15 1956-11-27 Fino Anthony J De Belt line charge
US3114316A (en) * 1953-04-29 1963-12-17 Leonidas R Littleton Mine clearing device
US3242862A (en) * 1959-11-17 1966-03-29 Comet Appbau G M B H Method of and apparatus for sweeping of mine fields

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4273048A (en) * 1979-03-26 1981-06-16 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Surface-launched fuel-air explosive minefield clearance round
US4297949A (en) * 1979-07-31 1981-11-03 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Cloud detonator in surface-launched fuel-air explosive minefield clearance round
US4776255A (en) * 1986-09-19 1988-10-11 Smith John L C Minefield breaching
EP0305160A2 (en) * 1987-08-24 1989-03-01 Science Applications International Corporation Apparatus and method for neutralizing mine fields
US4823672A (en) * 1987-08-24 1989-04-25 Science Applications International Corporation Apparatus and method for neutralizing mine fields
EP0305160A3 (en) * 1987-08-24 1989-06-14 Science Applications International Corporation Apparatus and method for neutralizing mine fields
EP0360234A1 (en) * 1988-09-23 1990-03-28 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Minefield clearing device
US4967636A (en) * 1988-09-23 1990-11-06 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Fuel-air line-charge ordnance neutralizer
US4901644A (en) * 1989-04-03 1990-02-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Lane marker
US5168123A (en) * 1989-07-20 1992-12-01 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Of Her Majesty's Canadian Government Chemical initiation of detonation in fuel-air explosive clouds
US5417139A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-05-23 Unisys Corporation Delivery system and method for flexible array
WO1996012928A1 (en) * 1994-10-24 1996-05-02 Tracor Aerospace, Inc. Aerial deployment of an explosive array
US5524524A (en) * 1994-10-24 1996-06-11 Tracor Aerospace, Inc. Integrated spacing and orientation control system
US5675104A (en) * 1994-10-24 1997-10-07 Tracor Aerospace, Inc. Aerial deployment of an explosive array
US5970841A (en) * 1997-04-01 1999-10-26 Trocino; Joseph L. Humanitarian demining device
DE19714133C2 (en) * 1997-04-05 2000-02-03 Rheinmetall W & M Gmbh Process for the destruction of buried landmines and device for carrying out this process
US5932835A (en) * 1997-09-12 1999-08-03 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Line charge insensitive munition warhead
US6202531B1 (en) * 1998-02-27 2001-03-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Land mine killer
US6152010A (en) * 1998-04-27 2000-11-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Wide-area slurry mine clearance
US6321630B1 (en) * 2000-03-27 2001-11-27 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Thermoset/thermoplastic line charge with contoured fabric fastening and detonating cord management system and assembly process
US6324957B1 (en) * 2000-06-07 2001-12-04 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Detonating cord stowage system
US6540175B1 (en) * 2001-12-03 2003-04-01 Lockheed Martin Corporation System for clearing buried and surface mines
US8584985B2 (en) * 2008-05-13 2013-11-19 Bae Systems Plc Launch system
US20110062281A1 (en) * 2008-05-13 2011-03-17 Bae Systems Plc Launch system
US10124909B2 (en) * 2009-09-09 2018-11-13 Aerovironment, Inc. Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable RF transparent launch tube
US8505430B2 (en) 2009-09-09 2013-08-13 Aerovironment, Inc. Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable RF transparent launch tube
US20190023415A1 (en) * 2009-09-09 2019-01-24 Aerovironment, Inc. Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable rf transparent launch tube
US10450089B2 (en) * 2009-09-09 2019-10-22 Aerovironment, Inc. Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable RF transparent launch tube
US20160039536A1 (en) * 2009-09-09 2016-02-11 Aerovironment, Inc. Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable rf transparent launch tube
US20120001020A1 (en) * 2009-09-09 2012-01-05 Carlos Thomas Miralles Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable rf transparent launch tube
US9187184B2 (en) * 2009-09-09 2015-11-17 Aerovironment, Inc. Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable rf transparent launch tube
JP2012132623A (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-07-12 Ihi Aerospace Co Ltd Detonating cord and detonating code projection system using the same
US8904937B2 (en) * 2012-04-13 2014-12-09 C-2 Innovations Inc. Line charge
JP2014211284A (en) * 2013-04-19 2014-11-13 株式会社Ihiエアロスペース Obstacle removing device and obstacle removing method
US9175933B2 (en) 2014-02-21 2015-11-03 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Simple low-cost hand-held landmine neutralization device
US9797693B1 (en) 2014-02-21 2017-10-24 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Adjustable stand for holding a liquid explosive
US9506729B2 (en) 2014-02-21 2016-11-29 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Field mixable two-component liquid explosive
US9969504B1 (en) * 2015-09-08 2018-05-15 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Automated multi-plane propulsion system
US10703506B2 (en) * 2019-09-18 2020-07-07 Aerovironment, Inc. Systems and devices for remotely operated unmanned aerial vehicle report-suppressing launcher with portable RF transparent launch tube

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