US3721437A - Walking trainer - Google Patents

Walking trainer Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3721437A
US3721437A US3721437DA US3721437A US 3721437 A US3721437 A US 3721437A US 3721437D A US3721437D A US 3721437DA US 3721437 A US3721437 A US 3721437A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
transverse frame
fastened
frame arm
trainee
cable
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
K Skaricic
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lee Raymond Organization Inc
Original Assignee
Lee Raymond Organization Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lee Raymond Organization Inc filed Critical Lee Raymond Organization Inc
Priority to US23162972A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3721437A publication Critical patent/US3721437A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/008Using suspension devices for supporting the body in an upright walking or standing position, e.g. harnesses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/04Wheeled walking aids for disabled persons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0165Damping, vibration related features
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/1614Shoulder, e.g. for neck stretching
    • A61H2201/1616Holding means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/1619Thorax
    • A61H2201/1621Holding means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/165Wearable interfaces
    • A61H2201/1652Harness

Abstract

A training device for a young child, accident victim or such other person who requires assistance in learning to walk. The device, mounted on wheels, suspends the trainee in a harness, with a shock absorber and tension spring acting to counterbalance the suspended harness. The shock absorber action is adjustable to vary the rate of falling so as to correspond to the weight of the trainee, and his degree of attained walking skill.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Skaricic 1March 20, 1973 541 WALKING TRAINER 775,133 11 1904 Gaines ..297 275 2,261,172 11/1941 Maxwell [75] Inventor, Krunoslav Skancic, Toronto, On- 2,625,202 1/1953 Richardson et 3] Canada 3,612,042 10 1971 Fry Assignee: The Raymond Lee Organization Kulkens 1 4 R Inc., New York, NY. Primary ExaminerRichard C. Pinkham [22] plied: March 1972 Assistant ExaminerR. T. Stouffer [21] Appl. No.: 231,629 Attorney-Howard I. Podell [52] US. Cl. ..272/70.3, 5/86, 297/5, [57] ABSTRACT 297/275, 280/87.02 W, 248/123, 248/204, A training device for a young child, accident victim or 248/292 such other person who requires assistance in learning [51] Int. Cl. ..A61h 3/00, A47d 13/04 to walk. The device, mounted on wheels, suspends the [58] Field of Search ..272/70, 70.3, 70.4, 80, 83 R; trainee in a harness, with a shock absorber and tension 5/81, 86, 89; 248/122, 123, 204, 280, 292, spring acting to counterbalance the suspended har- 3 9, 254/8 8 230/37-02 ness. The shock absorber action is adjustable to vary 2 2 5 the rate of falling so as to correspond to the weight of the trainee, and his degree of attained walking skill. [56] References Cited 4 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures UNITED STATES PATENTS 38,028 3/1863 Brown ..297/274 X WALKING TRAINER SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

This invention relates to an apparatus for use in the training of the skill of walking, and particularly for use of young children, accident victims and others who require assistance in learning to walk.

The purpose of this apparatus is to permit a trainee to walk, while suspended in a harness from a wheeled frame, with the suspended harness balanced by an adjustable shock absorber and tension spring to control the rate of falling of the trainee.

The apparatus consists of a frame mounted on three wheels, with a harness for strapping about the trainee suspended from a cable attached to a transverse frame member pivotably spring mounted to the apparatus. The transverse frame member is fitted with a tension spring applying a rotating moment in one direction between the transverse frame member and the main apparatus, with a shock absorber fastened so as to apply a rotating moment in the opposite direction between said transverse member and the apparatus. The reaction of the tension spring and of the shock absorber are adjustable to match the weight and the walking skill of the trainee, suspended in the harness.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING:

The objects and features of the invention may be understood with reference to the following detailed description of an illustrative embodiment of the invention, taken together with the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the apparatus being used by a trainee walker;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a harness for holding the trainee in the apparatus;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary side view of the mounting of the transverse frame member of the apparatus;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary side view of an alternate mounting of the transverse frame member of the apparatus;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary side view of the adjustment device regulating spring tension on the transverse frame member; and

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary side view of an alternate means of regulating spring tension on the transverse frame member of the device.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT:

Turning now descriptively to the drawing, in which similar reference characters denote similar elements throughout the several views, FIG. 1 illustrates the apparatus 10, mounted on caster wheels l3, l4 and 15, suspending the walker-trainee by means of cable 27 attached to harness about trainee 20.

The apparatus 10 is essentially supported by vertical members 11 and 12 which are welded to upper horizontal member 16 to which pulley 28 is fastened. Suspension cable 27, fastened to the book 26 of harness 25, is fastened to transverse frame member 18 after passing about pulley 28.

Transverse frame member 18 is rotatably mounted by pin to vertical member 12 of the apparatus 10, with the rotation of the transverse frame member 18 about pin 35 balanced in equilibrium by tension spring 31 in one direction of rotation and shock absorber 33 and suspension cable 27 in the other direction. Variation of the moment of forces created by tension spring 31 on transverse frame member 18 is achieved by axial movement of collar 19, to which the tension spring 31 is fastened, along transverse frame member 18 with alternate locations 19A and 19B of collar 19 illustrated in FIG. 1 in dotted lines.

Tension spring 31 is fastened to the apparatus by means of pin 32 which fastens the spring 31 to horizontal frame member 16.

The harness 25 is illustrated in FIG. 2. Alternate means of applying counter balance to transverse arm 18 is shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4. In FIG. 3, the counterbalance force is applied by weight 44 attached by cable 41 about pulley 42 to collar 19 mounted on transverse frame arm 18. Pulley 42 is rotatably fastened to vertical frame member 12 by pin 43. FIG. 4 illustrates tension spring 45 attached to collar 19 mounted on transverse frame arm 18. The other end of tension spring 45 is attached to pin 46 in bracket 47 rigidly fixed to vertical member 12.

As shown in FIG. 5, collar 19 may be slid along the length of transverse frame arm 18, to vary the effective moment of forces produced on transverse frame arm 18, by means of rotation of shaft 53 which rotates helical gear 52 mating in teeth 51 of transverse frame arm 18. Markings 55 on transverse frame arm 18 may indicate the variation of the force achieved by adjusting the location of collar 19.

FIG. 6 illustrates an alternate means of varying the location of collar 19 on transverse frame arm 18, by means of rotation of gear 56 which mates with teeth 51 in frame arm 18.

In use, the trainee 20 is placed in the harness 25 and the effect of the spring tension of spring 31 or tension 41 or tension spring 45 is adjusted by the shift in location of collar 19 so that the trainee is suspended by sufficient force to hold his weight, but allowing him freedom to move his limbs. Shock absorber 33 is adjusted to the weight of trainee 20 to absorb any sudden loads which might be caused by trainee 20 suddenly losing control and falling.

Since obvious changes may be made in the specific embodiment of the invention described herein, it is indicated that all matter contained herein is intended as illustrative and not as limiting in scope.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. Apparatus for use in the training of the skill of walking, comprising a frame of vertical and horizontal members mounted on castered wheels, a cable, a harness for suspending a walker trainee fastened to said cable, said cable being trained about a free turning pulley fastened in the horizontal frame member above the position of the trainee and said cable being fastened to a transverse frame arm which is pivotally mounted to a vertical frame member, said transverse frame arm being balanced in rotation about said vertical frame member by the force of the cable suspending the walker trainee and the force of a tension spring fastened to said transverse frame arm from the horizontal frame member.

the transverse frame arm to which the tension spring is fastened.

4. The combination recited in claim 3 in which the collar may be slid along the length of the transverse frame arm by means of rotation of a toothed gear which is rotatably fastened to the collar, the teeth of said gear meshing with teeth notched into one edge of the transverse frame arm.

Claims (4)

1. Apparatus for use in the training of the skill of walking, comprising a frame of vertical and horizontal members mounted on castered wheels, a cable, a harness for suspending a walker trainee fastened to said cable, said cable being trained about a free turning pulley fastened in the horizontal frame member above the position of the trainee and said cable being fastened to a transverse frame arm which is pivotally mounted to a vertical frame member, said transverse frame arm being balanced in rotation about said vertical frame member by the force of the cable suspending the walker trainee and the force of a tension spring fastened to said transverse frame arm from the horizontal frame member.
2. The combination recited in claim 1 in which the said transverse frame arm is also restricted in rotational torque by a shock absorber fastened to said transverse frame arm and to a vertical frame member of the apparatus.
3. The combination recited in claim 1 in which the effect of the force of the tension spring in terms of the counter balance torque exerted on said transverse frame arm is varied by means of a sliding collar about the transverse frame arm to which the tension spring is fastened.
4. The combination recited in claim 3 in which the collar may be slid along the length of the transverse frame arm by means of rotation of a toothed gear which is rotatably fastenEd to the collar, the teeth of said gear meshing with teeth notched into one edge of the transverse frame arm.
US3721437D 1972-03-03 1972-03-03 Walking trainer Expired - Lifetime US3721437A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US23162972A true 1972-03-03 1972-03-03

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3721437A true US3721437A (en) 1973-03-20

Family

ID=22870029

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3721437D Expired - Lifetime US3721437A (en) 1972-03-03 1972-03-03 Walking trainer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3721437A (en)

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3007926A1 (en) * 1980-03-01 1981-09-17 Friedrich Hauenstein Crippled child support and treatment equipment - has protruding ends on base frame accommodating hinging lockable supporting tubes
GB2193648A (en) * 1986-05-22 1988-02-17 Rachel Anne Brown Walking aid, e.g. for children
US4795151A (en) * 1987-09-30 1989-01-03 Mulcaster Donald L Baby walker with safety track feature
US4844452A (en) * 1988-04-15 1989-07-04 Tomosky Thomas K Self-supporting infant jumper device
US4883249A (en) * 1987-02-04 1989-11-28 Garland Thomas A Counterbalancing
US5174590A (en) * 1991-07-03 1992-12-29 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics & Space Administration Compliant walker
US5409246A (en) * 1993-07-14 1995-04-25 Ali; Abdulkadir H. Tethered baby walker
US5540188A (en) * 1995-06-15 1996-07-30 Heinrichs; Stephen C. Toddler harness
US5662560A (en) * 1995-07-10 1997-09-02 Bjorn W. Svendsen Bilateral weight unloading apparatus
US5766114A (en) * 1995-11-03 1998-06-16 Campbell; Douglas O. Infant walking and swimming aid
WO1998042258A1 (en) * 1997-03-27 1998-10-01 Cook (Canada) Inc. Personal apparel support system
US6035465A (en) * 1994-11-14 2000-03-14 Elliot Kelman Patient lifting and support system
US6062173A (en) * 1998-07-27 2000-05-16 Heinrichs; Stephen C. Upper body harness system
US6093024A (en) * 1998-06-15 2000-07-25 Sokolowski; Michelle M. Suspended motor-skill training apparatus
US6273844B1 (en) * 2000-08-25 2001-08-14 Paradigm Health Systems International, Inc. Unloading system for therapy, exercise and training
US20040063550A1 (en) * 2002-07-19 2004-04-01 Harris Robert D. Mobile body suspension exercise device
US20050176342A1 (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-08-11 Kids Ii, Inc. Orbital walker with activity table
US20050268397A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2005-12-08 Avinoam Nativ Apparatus for assisting a person to stand and walk
US20070298944A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-27 Dream Visions, Llc Single rider teeter-totter
US7494450B2 (en) 2004-05-14 2009-02-24 Solomon Richard D Variable unweighting and resistance training and stretching apparatus for use with a cardiovascular or other exercise device
US20090062082A1 (en) * 2007-08-29 2009-03-05 Angela Spencer-Kramer Slip resistant stationary baby walker
US7507162B2 (en) 2004-01-16 2009-03-24 Kids Ii, Inc. Orbital walker with activity table
US20090291768A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2009-11-26 Dream Visions, Llc Bungee teeter-totter
US20110225728A1 (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-09-22 Lyn Thornhill Tym-lyn portable lift system
US20150115556A1 (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-04-30 Roberto Ledea Mobility Walker with Spring and Exercise Straps

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3007926A1 (en) * 1980-03-01 1981-09-17 Friedrich Hauenstein Crippled child support and treatment equipment - has protruding ends on base frame accommodating hinging lockable supporting tubes
GB2193648A (en) * 1986-05-22 1988-02-17 Rachel Anne Brown Walking aid, e.g. for children
GB2193648B (en) * 1986-05-22 1989-12-13 Rachel Anne Brown Walking aid
US4883249A (en) * 1987-02-04 1989-11-28 Garland Thomas A Counterbalancing
US4795151A (en) * 1987-09-30 1989-01-03 Mulcaster Donald L Baby walker with safety track feature
US5050504A (en) * 1987-09-30 1991-09-24 Mulcaster Donald L Baby walker with safety track feature
US4844452A (en) * 1988-04-15 1989-07-04 Tomosky Thomas K Self-supporting infant jumper device
US5174590A (en) * 1991-07-03 1992-12-29 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics & Space Administration Compliant walker
US5409246A (en) * 1993-07-14 1995-04-25 Ali; Abdulkadir H. Tethered baby walker
US6035465A (en) * 1994-11-14 2000-03-14 Elliot Kelman Patient lifting and support system
US5540188A (en) * 1995-06-15 1996-07-30 Heinrichs; Stephen C. Toddler harness
US5662560A (en) * 1995-07-10 1997-09-02 Bjorn W. Svendsen Bilateral weight unloading apparatus
US5766114A (en) * 1995-11-03 1998-06-16 Campbell; Douglas O. Infant walking and swimming aid
WO1998042258A1 (en) * 1997-03-27 1998-10-01 Cook (Canada) Inc. Personal apparel support system
AU725347B2 (en) * 1997-03-27 2000-10-12 Cook (Canada) Inc. Personal apparel support system
US6093024A (en) * 1998-06-15 2000-07-25 Sokolowski; Michelle M. Suspended motor-skill training apparatus
US6062173A (en) * 1998-07-27 2000-05-16 Heinrichs; Stephen C. Upper body harness system
US6273844B1 (en) * 2000-08-25 2001-08-14 Paradigm Health Systems International, Inc. Unloading system for therapy, exercise and training
US20040063550A1 (en) * 2002-07-19 2004-04-01 Harris Robert D. Mobile body suspension exercise device
US7247100B2 (en) 2004-01-16 2007-07-24 Kids Ii, Inc. Orbital walker with activity table
US20050176342A1 (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-08-11 Kids Ii, Inc. Orbital walker with activity table
US7507162B2 (en) 2004-01-16 2009-03-24 Kids Ii, Inc. Orbital walker with activity table
US7494450B2 (en) 2004-05-14 2009-02-24 Solomon Richard D Variable unweighting and resistance training and stretching apparatus for use with a cardiovascular or other exercise device
US20070219069A1 (en) * 2004-05-27 2007-09-20 Nativ Apparatus for assisting a person to stand and walk
US7540045B2 (en) 2004-05-27 2009-06-02 Avinoam Nativ Sit-to-stand apparatus including pulley, handle, and leg brace mounted above supporting structure on adjacent, differing height vertical members
US20050268397A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2005-12-08 Avinoam Nativ Apparatus for assisting a person to stand and walk
US7572190B2 (en) * 2006-06-23 2009-08-11 Dream Visions, Llc Single rider teeter-totter
US8100776B2 (en) 2006-06-23 2012-01-24 Dream Visions, Llc Single rider teeter-totter
US20070298944A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-27 Dream Visions, Llc Single rider teeter-totter
US20090291768A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2009-11-26 Dream Visions, Llc Bungee teeter-totter
US8033921B2 (en) 2006-06-23 2011-10-11 Dream Visions, Llc Bungee teeter-totter
US20090062082A1 (en) * 2007-08-29 2009-03-05 Angela Spencer-Kramer Slip resistant stationary baby walker
US20110225728A1 (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-09-22 Lyn Thornhill Tym-lyn portable lift system
US20150115556A1 (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-04-30 Roberto Ledea Mobility Walker with Spring and Exercise Straps
US9452102B2 (en) * 2013-10-29 2016-09-27 Roberto Ledea Mobility walker with spring and exercise straps

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3532356A (en) Therapeutic creeping device
US3563541A (en) Foot pedal exercise machine for simulating jogging
US3378259A (en) Exercising cot
US3213852A (en) Exercising apparatus
US3581739A (en) Motor-driven muscle-building machine
US3778052A (en) Walker with adjustable crutch head supports
DE69912627T2 (en) Liege exercise machine for the whole body
US5242356A (en) Exercise and toning apparatus
JP2867341B2 (en) Gymnastics equipment
US4456245A (en) Rotary torso exercise apparatus
US3432164A (en) Exercising machine
Clément et al. Centrifugation as a countermeasure during actual and simulated microgravity: a review
EP1964485A1 (en) Proprioceptive/kinesthetic apparatus and method
US4185622A (en) Foot and leg exerciser
US5201694A (en) Squat-pull exercise apparatus
CA2464128C (en) Closed-loop force controlled body weight support system
US5209712A (en) Proprioceptive exercise, training and therapy apparatus
US3408067A (en) Sking simulator device
US3824994A (en) Reciprocating walker
US4953858A (en) Sloping rotatable exerciser
US2772881A (en) Exercising apparatus
US3112108A (en) Exercising apparatus with crankshaft operable selectively by foot pedals or hand levers
EP1819405B1 (en) Training apparatus
US4222376A (en) Exercise machine
US5792028A (en) Running exercise machine