US3719014A - Wall system - Google Patents

Wall system Download PDF

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US3719014A
US3719014A US3719014DA US3719014A US 3719014 A US3719014 A US 3719014A US 3719014D A US3719014D A US 3719014DA US 3719014 A US3719014 A US 3719014A
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horizontal
fragmentary
mullion
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illustrating
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R Sukolics
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Amax Inc
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American Metal Climax Inc
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/54Fixing of glass panes or like plates
    • E06B3/58Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like
    • E06B3/5807Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like not adjustable
    • E06B3/5842Fixing of glass panes or like plates by means of borders, cleats, or the like not adjustable fixed by a tongue-and-groove or mortise-and-tenon connection substantially parallel to the pane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/88Curtain walls
    • E04B2/96Curtain walls comprising panels attached to the structure through mullions or transoms

Abstract

THERE IS PROVIDED AN IMPROVED WALL SYSTEM WHEREIN THE STRUCTURAL PORTIONS OF THE VERTICAL MULLIONS ARE SEPARATE FROM THE REMAINING PORTION OF THE WALL. THUS, THERE IS PROVIDED A STRUCTURAL MULLION PORTION WITH HORIZONTAL THROUGH MEMBERS WHEREIN THE INTERIOR JULLION PORTION SNAPS TO THE STRUCTURAL MULLION PORTION TO LOCK THE THROUGH HORIZONTAL MEMBERS IN POSITION. THE SHAPE OF THE STRUCTURAL PORTION MAY BE VARIED WITHOUT CHANGING THE OTHER MEMBERS OF THE SYSTEM.

Description

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@www QM QQN.\\QMMN M\\\\ WN\w UV N f nmwwmm www mmm Mmmm @m www @www United States Patent Office 3,719,014 Patented Mar. 6, 1973 3,719,014 WALL SYSTEM Ronald D. Sukolics, Elkhart, Ind., assignor to American Metal Climax, Inc., New York, NY. Filed Aug. 3, 1971, Ser. No. 168,610 Int. Cl. E041) 2/88 U.S. Cl. 52-235 14 Claims ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE There is provided an improved wall system wherein the structural portions of the vertical mullions are separate from the remaining portion of the wall. Thus, there is provided a structural mullion portion with horizontal through members wherein the interior mullion portion snaps to the structural mullion portion to lock the through horizontal members in position. The shape of the structural portion may be varied without changing the other members of the system.
The present invention relates to a new and improved wall construction, and particularly, to a new and improved framing system for exterior wall construction for a building and the like.
More specifically, the present invention is directed to a stick wall system for use on single and multi-story buildings. The term stick wall as applied to a wall system is defined as one wherein all the components thereof are factory fabricated with a horizontal member running past the vertical members and installed in long lengths. The lengths of the horizontal are limited by the stock lengths available. The factory fabricated components are shipped to the job site in lengths, or sticks. The sticks are assembled piece by piece, into a grid directly on the building. The grid is then glazed from either the inside or outside depending upon Ajob conditions. The spandrel panels may be installed along with the metal if desirable.
In accordance with the present invention, there is provided an improved stick wall system, wherein fabricanon savings are obtainable by the elimination of parts, the elimination of fasteners and the holes required for their installation, the elimination of notches in the mullions at the horizontals, and by the fabrication largely on the short pieces of the system, thereby reducing handling problems. Moreover, elimination of notches, commonly present in the mullions at the horizontals retains the full structural potential of the mullion.
Moreover, material savings have been obtained by the elimination of members and by the consolidation of several members, thereby generally resulting in a more eilicient structural member with less metal.
Although low cost is desirable in a wall system, other things must be considered. Performance is important. The framing system according to the present invention exceptionally inhibits air infiltration. Its drainage and pressure relief system functions substantially better than the required standards. The wall system provides good appearance and is versatile so as to meet the customers needs at the lowest cost.
In accordance with the present invention, the wall system also solves two other annoying problems which occur in many wall systems. One is in the entrance area. Itis desirable that a framing system or wall construction incorporates readily available entrances. Additionally, the same feature has been carried into the window area in certain embodiments of the present system. A special inswing window has been designed which does not require the buildup of material common in other systems, and accordingly the sight line does not change in the window area. An object of the present invention is the provision of a new and improved framing system for a wall construction.
Another object of the present invention is the provision of a new and improved stick Wall system.
Still another object of the present invention is the provision of a framing system for a wall construction which is economical and which combines good performance, good appearance, and versatility to meet the customers need.
Briefly, the foregoing and other objects and advantages of the present invention are accomplished by the provision of a wall system wherein the structural portions of the mullion are separate from the remaining portion of the wall. The horizontals are provided in stock lengths and run pass the mullions. The interior mullion sections snap to the structural mullion portions and lock the through horizontals into position, thereby eliminating fastenings wherever practical. l
For a better understanding of the present invention, reference may be had to the following detailed description taken in connection with the drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is an elevational view, somewhat diagrammatic of a wall system according to the present invention;
FIGZ is a fragmentary sectional view of the wall system of FIG. 1, taken along line 2 2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of the wall system of FIG. 1, taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of the wall system of FIG. 1, taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of the wall system of FIG. 1, taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a cross ectional view of the wall section of FIG. 1, taken along line 6-6 of FIG. l;
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view of the wall system of FIG. 1, taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view of the wall systern of FIG. 1, illustrating mullion to the sill connection;
FIG. Y9 is a fragmentary perspective view of the wall system of FIG. 1, illustrating the connection of an intermediate horizontal;
FIG. 10 is a fragmentary perspective exploded view of the wall system of FIG. 1, illustrating the mullion to header connection;
FIG. 11 is a fragmentary sectional view of a wall system illustrating an exterior glazed horizontal with a condensation trough or gutter;
FIG. 12 is a fragmentary sectional view of a wall system having an externally removable face;
FIG. 13 is a fragmentary plan sectional view of a wall system illustrating termination of the wall system against a building wall;
FIGS. 14 and 15 illustrate glazing alternatives of the present wall system;
FIG. 16 is `a fragmentary elevational view, somewhat diagrammatic illustrating termination of a horizontal at a mullion;
FIG. 17 is a cross sectional plan view of the wall system of FIG. 16 taken along line 17-17 of FIG. 16;
FIG. 18 is an exploded perspective view illustrating termination of an intermediate horizontal of the wall system of FIG. I6;
FIG. 19 is a perspective view illustrating the cope of the interior mullion section at the termination of an intermediate horizontal;
FIG. 20 is a fragmentary elevational view of the wall system according to the present invention illustrating a horizontal expansion joint;
FIG. 21 is a fragmentary sectional view of the wall section of FIG. 20 taken along line 21--21 of FIG. 20;
FIG. 22 is a fragmentary cross sectional view of the wall system of FIG. 20 taken along line 22--22 of FIG. 20;
FIG. 23 is an exploded perspective view of an expandable horizontal in accordance with the embodiment of FIG. 20;
FIG. 24 is a fragmentary elevational view of a wall system according to the present invention illustrating a vertical expansion joint and anchor;
FIG. 25 is a fragmentary cross sectional view of the wall system of FIG. 24 taken along line 25-25 of FIG. 24;
FIG. 26 is a fragmentary cross sectional View of the wall system of FIG. 24 taken along line 26-26 of FIG. 24;
FIG. 27 is a fragmentary cross sectional view of the wall system of FIG. 24 taken along line 27-27 of FIG. 24;
FIG. 28 is an exploded perspective view of the wall system of FIG. 24 illustrating the expansion and anchor;
FIG. 29 is a fragmentary elevational sectional view of a wall system according to another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 30 is a fragmentary cross sectional elevational View of the wall system of FIG. 29;
FIG. 31 is a cross sectional plan view of the wall system of FIG. 29;
FIG. 32 is a fragmentary cross sectional elevational view illustrating a modied form of horizontal member for use with the embodiment of FIG. 29;
FIG. 33 is a fragmentary cross sectional plan view illustrating a modified form of vertical mullion for use with the wall system of FIG. 29;
FIG. 34 is a fragmentary elevational view illustrating a modified form of horizontal member for use with the wall system of FIG. 29;
FIG. 35 is a fragmentary plan sectional view illustrating a modified form of vertical mullion according to the present invention;
FIGS. 36 and 37 are fragmentary sectional views illustrating the transition from one sized panel to another sized panel in accordance with the present invention;
FIGS. 38 and 39 are cross sectional views illustrating a further transition between panel sizes in accordance with the present embodiment;
FIG. 40 is a cross sectional plan view illustrating a modified form of mullion arrangement adapted for the transition between panel sizes according to the present embodiment;
FIG. 41 is a cross sectional plan view of an externally glazed horizontal member;
FIG. 42 is a fragmentary elevational view of wall system including a concealed window;
FIG. 43 is a cross sectional elevational view of the window of FIG. 42 taken along line 43-43 of FIG. 42;
FIG. 44 is a cross sectional elevational View of the wall system of FIG. 42, taken along line 44-44 of FIG. 42;
FIG. 45 is a cross sectional plan view of the wall system of FIG. 42 taken along line 45-45 of FIG. 42;
FIG. 46 is an exploded perspective view of a mullion in a horizontal joint at a window;
FIG. 47 is an exploded perspective view of a window frame construction;
FIG. 48 is a fragmentary elevational sectional view of a wall construction according to the present invention and illustrating an insulated through horizontal arrangement according to another embodiment;
FIG. 49 is a fragmentary cross sectional elevational view of a wall construction according to FIG. 48 illustrating a header construction;
FIG. 50 is a cross sectional plan view of the insulated wall construction of FIG. 48; and
FIGS. l and 52 are fragmentary cross sectional plan views of the insulated wall system illustrating adaptation to intermediate and thin panels.
Referring now to the drawings, and particularly to the embodiment 0f FIGSe 1-32, there is illustrated a frame 75 4 system for a building wall and the like adapted to receive thin panels. In one commercial embodiment of the system, the thickness of the horizontal is 11/2" and the system has been designated as a 11/2 stick wall system, and will receive panels 1A" to 1/2 thick.
More specifically, there is illustrated a wall construction 6G, FIG. l, including a sill member 61, a head member 62, horizontal members 63, 64 and 65, and a plurality of vertical mullions 66, 67 and 68 contained within an opening 69 of a building wall 70. The horizontal members 63, 64, 65 with the vertical mullions 66, 67, 63 form a plurality of openings which may be glazed with glass or other suitable panels 73, 74, and 76. As best illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 8 to 10, the structural portion of the mullion is separate from the remaining portion` O the wall. Considering for example, mullion 67 as typical, the mullion 67 includes a structural portion 67a here shown as a structural T mullion, but which may have any desired form such as a box, or tapered structure, and an interior mullion portion 67h.
The inner edge of the structural portion is provided with a T slot or pocket 67a` for receiving an appropriate mullion anchor. The structural portion 67a and the interior portion 67h interlock through a one way snap lock as indicated at 67d. In the common configuration of the interior mullion section 67b, there is provided a pair of opposed glazing pockets 67e, 67j of general U shape to provide for glazing in a known manner, and each containing one or more glazing or gasket grooves 67g on its inner surface adjacent its open end. As best illustrated in FIGS. 14 and l5 the panels, shown here as panels 76, may be glazed by conventional glazing gaskets 78, 79 or may be wet glazed if desired by suitable glazing gaskets 80, 81 and wet glazing 82.
The basic horizontal member is best illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3 as members 63, 64, and 65. Considering members 64 as typical, the member 64 is of somewhat H-shape, having an upwardly opening glazing pocket 64a, provided with glazing recesses 64b along the upper inner surface of its side walls. The horizontal member 64 is also provided with a somewhat downwardly opening pocket 64o which when completed by a glass stop 84 forms a glazing pocket also having glazing recesses 64d 84a along the inner surface of the pocket legs. The glazing pockets 64a and 64d will receive the panels 74 and 76 respectively in a known manner. Where it is desired t0 provide a condensation gutter, the horizontal 64 may be modified, as shown at 64 FIG. ll, bythe addition of an external horizontally extending condensation gutter 64e dening a generally trough shape spillway S6.
The horizontal member 64 has extruded longitudinally extending splines 64f for receiving screw fasteners and the like. A drainage or pressure relief slot 85 may be provided in the horizontal member 64 opening into the upper glazing pocket 64a.
FIG. l2 illustrates a horizontal member 88, provided with a face, 88a, or glass stop removable from the outside and which, when assembled, provides a mem-ber appearance and function quite similar to members 63, 64, and 65. Advantageously, the removable face 88 provides for removal of the spandrel panel in case of damage. Suitable drainage and pressure relief slots 88h are provided on the lower edge of the removable face 88.
A typical sill assembly is illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 8. The sill or flashing member 61 is fastened to the building wall 76 in any suitable manner as with the fasteners 89. A standard horizontal is used with the sill member 61, here identied as the horizontal member 63, and which is identical to the horizontal members 64 and 65. If desired, a dry seal 92 may be used between the horizontal 63 and the sill member 61.
A typical head assembly is illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 10. The head member 62 is fastened to the building Wall 70 in any suitable manner, as by the fasteners 93. The head member 62 is of generally U-shape having a down-
US3719014D 1971-08-03 1971-08-03 Wall system Expired - Lifetime US3719014A (en)

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SE (1) SE387150B (en)

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3858377A (en) * 1972-12-26 1975-01-07 Warren G Browne Wall panel joint structure
JPS50100832U (en) * 1974-01-18 1975-08-21
US4006573A (en) * 1975-08-29 1977-02-08 Howmet Corporation Narrow frame wall structure
US4283895A (en) * 1978-10-16 1981-08-18 Swiss Aluminium Ltd. Thermally improved expanded store front system
US4448001A (en) * 1982-08-13 1984-05-15 Kawneer Company, Inc. Moisture dam system for curtain walls
FR2586440A1 (en) * 1985-08-21 1987-02-27 Costa C C & Cia Srl System for laying reinforced glass insulation glasses on metal support frames
US4821476A (en) * 1982-09-07 1989-04-18 Phoenix Interiors Limited Demountale partitioning system
US5048254A (en) * 1989-10-31 1991-09-17 Valders Stone And Marble, Inc. Prefabricated building panel
US5063718A (en) * 1990-05-28 1991-11-12 Al Nonis Curtain wall for a building
US5603789A (en) * 1991-07-16 1997-02-18 Kawneer Company, Inc. Last lite retainer and weather seal for structurally bonded glazing
EP1188873A1 (en) * 2000-09-13 2002-03-20 Don Reynolds Limited Curtain walling
US6430883B1 (en) * 2000-08-08 2002-08-13 Paz Systems, Inc. Wall system
CZ297148B6 (en) * 1999-07-23 2006-09-13 Ultraframe (Uk) Limited System for forming glazed structure
CN102296731A (en) * 2011-06-14 2011-12-28 江苏锦绣铝业有限公司 Heat insulation curtain wall
US20120096784A1 (en) * 2010-10-22 2012-04-26 Daniel Cashman Window trim having integrated window box gasket
US20140331579A1 (en) * 2013-05-07 2014-11-13 Elston Window & Wall, Llc Systems and methods for providing a window wall with flush slab edge covers
US8955285B2 (en) 2012-12-07 2015-02-17 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Embedment attachment system
US9068347B2 (en) 2012-12-07 2015-06-30 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Curtain wall panel bracket leveling system
US9316040B2 (en) 2013-07-16 2016-04-19 Milgard Manufacturing Incorporated Field mulling system for windows and doors
US9663961B2 (en) 2012-12-07 2017-05-30 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Curtain wall panel installation system
US9752319B1 (en) 2016-03-03 2017-09-05 Kurtis E. LeVan Building facade system
US10017980B2 (en) 2010-06-04 2018-07-10 Milgard Manufacturing Incorporated Window mull system
US10724234B2 (en) 2016-03-03 2020-07-28 Talon Wall Holdings Llc Building facade system

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2172911B (en) * 1985-03-30 1988-09-01 James Alan Macey Curtain walling
US6378253B1 (en) * 1999-07-23 2002-04-30 Ultraframe (Uk) Limited Glazed structures
US7676999B2 (en) 2005-03-15 2010-03-16 Muridal Inc. Curtain wall system and method

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3858377A (en) * 1972-12-26 1975-01-07 Warren G Browne Wall panel joint structure
JPS50100832U (en) * 1974-01-18 1975-08-21
JPS534665Y2 (en) * 1974-01-18 1978-02-06
US4006573A (en) * 1975-08-29 1977-02-08 Howmet Corporation Narrow frame wall structure
US4283895A (en) * 1978-10-16 1981-08-18 Swiss Aluminium Ltd. Thermally improved expanded store front system
US4448001A (en) * 1982-08-13 1984-05-15 Kawneer Company, Inc. Moisture dam system for curtain walls
US4821476A (en) * 1982-09-07 1989-04-18 Phoenix Interiors Limited Demountale partitioning system
FR2586440A1 (en) * 1985-08-21 1987-02-27 Costa C C & Cia Srl System for laying reinforced glass insulation glasses on metal support frames
US5048254A (en) * 1989-10-31 1991-09-17 Valders Stone And Marble, Inc. Prefabricated building panel
US5063718A (en) * 1990-05-28 1991-11-12 Al Nonis Curtain wall for a building
US5603789A (en) * 1991-07-16 1997-02-18 Kawneer Company, Inc. Last lite retainer and weather seal for structurally bonded glazing
CZ297148B6 (en) * 1999-07-23 2006-09-13 Ultraframe (Uk) Limited System for forming glazed structure
US6430883B1 (en) * 2000-08-08 2002-08-13 Paz Systems, Inc. Wall system
EP1188873A1 (en) * 2000-09-13 2002-03-20 Don Reynolds Limited Curtain walling
US10017980B2 (en) 2010-06-04 2018-07-10 Milgard Manufacturing Incorporated Window mull system
US20120096784A1 (en) * 2010-10-22 2012-04-26 Daniel Cashman Window trim having integrated window box gasket
CN102296731A (en) * 2011-06-14 2011-12-28 江苏锦绣铝业有限公司 Heat insulation curtain wall
US9410315B2 (en) 2012-12-07 2016-08-09 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Curtain wall panel bracket leveling system
US9677265B2 (en) 2012-12-07 2017-06-13 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Curtain wall panel bracket leveling system
US9663961B2 (en) 2012-12-07 2017-05-30 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Curtain wall panel installation system
US9068347B2 (en) 2012-12-07 2015-06-30 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Curtain wall panel bracket leveling system
US8955285B2 (en) 2012-12-07 2015-02-17 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Embedment attachment system
US10053859B2 (en) 2013-05-07 2018-08-21 Reflection Window Company, Llc Systems and methods for providing a window wall with flush slab edge covers
US20150240488A1 (en) * 2013-05-07 2015-08-27 Elston Window & Wall, Llc Systems and methods for providing a window wall with flush slab edge covers
US9611643B2 (en) * 2013-05-07 2017-04-04 Reflection Window Company, Llc Systems and methods for providing a window wall with flush slab edge covers
US20150113891A1 (en) * 2013-05-07 2015-04-30 Elston Window & Wall, Llc Systems and methods for providing a window wall with flush slab edge covers
US9663945B2 (en) * 2013-05-07 2017-05-30 Reflection Window Company, Llc Systems and methods for providing a window wall with flush slab edge covers
US8959855B2 (en) * 2013-05-07 2015-02-24 Elston Window & Wall, Llc Systems and methods for providing a window wall with flush slab edge covers
US20140331579A1 (en) * 2013-05-07 2014-11-13 Elston Window & Wall, Llc Systems and methods for providing a window wall with flush slab edge covers
US9316040B2 (en) 2013-07-16 2016-04-19 Milgard Manufacturing Incorporated Field mulling system for windows and doors
US9752319B1 (en) 2016-03-03 2017-09-05 Kurtis E. LeVan Building facade system
US10094111B2 (en) 2016-03-03 2018-10-09 Kurtis E. LeVan Building facade system
US10202764B2 (en) 2016-03-03 2019-02-12 Kurtis E. LeVan Method of installing building facade
US10233638B2 (en) 2016-03-03 2019-03-19 Talon Wall Holdings Llc Building facade system
US10724234B2 (en) 2016-03-03 2020-07-28 Talon Wall Holdings Llc Building facade system

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CA1009902A (en) 1977-05-10
SE387150B (en) 1976-08-30
GB1395086A (en) 1975-05-21
CA1009902A1 (en)
IE37064B1 (en) 1977-04-27
IE37064L (en) 1973-02-03

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