New! View global litigation for patent families

US3709459A - Mould for casting electrode grids for electric storage batteries - Google Patents

Mould for casting electrode grids for electric storage batteries Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3709459A
US3709459A US3709459DA US3709459A US 3709459 A US3709459 A US 3709459A US 3709459D A US3709459D A US 3709459DA US 3709459 A US3709459 A US 3709459A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
mould
plates
silicon
nitride
backing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
C Bushrod
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Electric Power Storage Ltd
Original Assignee
Electric Power Storage Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22CFOUNDRY MOULDING
    • B22C3/00Selection of compositions for coating the surfaces of moulds, cores, or patterns
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D25/00Special casting characterised by the nature of the product
    • B22D25/02Special casting characterised by the nature of the product by its peculiarity of shape; of works of art
    • B22D25/04Casting metal electric battery plates or the like
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/64Carriers or collectors
    • H01M4/82Multi-step processes for manufacturing carriers for lead-acid accumulators
    • H01M4/84Multi-step processes for manufacturing carriers for lead-acid accumulators involving casting

Abstract

A mould for casting lead or lead alloy electrode grids for electric storage batteries comprises backing plates of metal faced with inserts of silicon nitride exposed to the melt.

Description

United States Patent 1 Bushrod 51 Jan. 9, 1973 [54] MOULD FOR CASTING ELECTRODE GRIDS FOR ELECTRIC STORAGE BATTERIES [75] Inventor: Charles James Buslirod, Bramhall,

England [73] Assignee: Electric Power Storage Limited, Clifton Junction, Lancashire, En gland 221 Filed: Nov. 19, 1970 21 Appl. No.: 90,889

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Primary Examiner-R. Spencer Annear Attorney-Watson, Cole, Grindle & Watson [57] ABSTRACT NOV. 21, Great Britain A mould f sting lea r lead al oy lectrode g ids for electric storage batteries comprises backing plates [52] US. Cl ..249/134, 164/138 of metal faced with inserts of silicon nitride exposed to [51] Int. Cl ..B22c 1/12 the melt i o [58] Field of Search ..164/138; 249/114, 134;

l17/5.1 8 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure I IHHHH H MOULD FOR CASTING ELECTRODE GRIDS FOR ELECTRIC STORAGE BATTERIES This invention relates to casting lead or lead alloy electrode grids for electric storage batteries.

According to the present invention in a method of casting lead or lead alloy electrode grids for electric storage batteries at least the faces of the mould exposed to the melt comprise silicon nitride. Thus the mould may comprise inserts of silicon nitride backed by backing plates of metal such as cast iron.

In one form of the invention a method of making such a mould includes pressing silicon powder between punches at least one of which has in it a form corresponding to the desired casting, and thereafter heating it in an atmosphere of nitrogen.

An object of the invention is to enable lead or lead alloy battery plate grids to be cast without using mould dressing. A customary material for moulds for making such castings is meehanite cast iron, and the usual procedure is to spray the face of the mould with cork dust, generally about twice in each shift, in order to ensure filling of the mould. If such dressing is overlooked the mould is liable to fail to fill, and a large number of rejects may be obtained before the oversight is detected.

Although silicon nitride has a low co-efficient of expansion and, for a ceramic, a relatively high thermal conductivity, resulting in high resistance to thermal shock, its thermal conductivity compared with metals is relatively low. This is of substantial advantage in casting thin lead castings such as battery plates which consist virtually of a network of wires and involve liquid metal traversing long narrow passages in order to reach all parts of the casting. Due, it is believed, to the low thermal conductivity of silicon nitride, it is found that the mould dressing can be omitted without producing a faulty casting that would result from this with a cast iron mould. V

In addition the cork dressing assists the casting to part from the mould. It is found that the casting parts readily and clearly from the mould face of silicon nitride so that in this respect also the use of this material for the facing of the mould eliminates the need for mould dressing.

Silicon nitride is sufficiently hard to stand up to the wear involved.

In some cases it may be found that the reduction of thermal conductivity is more than is required and the cooling of the casting may be unduly delayed. In this event the cooling of the mould may be increased by providing a layer of metal foil, (e.g. copper foil), of high conductivity, between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.

The invention may be put into practice in various ways but one specific embodiment will be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawing which is a sectional elevation of a mould for casting lead or lead alloy electric storage battery plate grids.

The mould includes a pair of silicon nitride facing plates 10 and 11 sandwiched between a pair of meehanite cast iron backing plates 16 and 17. Each facing plate is bevelled along two or more edges, and correspondingly bevelled clamping plates 24 and 25 are screwed, by screws 20 and 21 to the associated backing plate 16 or 17 to hold the facing plate in position. Each facing plate is provided with venting holes 12 and 13 and asbestos paper seatings 18 and 19 are interposed between the opposed faces of the backing plates 16 and 17 and facing plates 10 and 11. The usual alignment dowels 22 extend through the backing plates 16 and 17, in which they fit, and through the clamping plates 24 and 25 in which they have a clearance.

If undue delay is experienced in the warming up of the mould when casting is started, the mould may be pre-heated.

It is believed that, perhaps by eliminating the need for dressing, the use of silicon nitride moulds gives improved surface finish to the castings, resulting in reduced corrosion rate of grids and improved overcharge life.

What we claim as our invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. A mould for casting lead or lead alloy electrode grids for electric storage batteries in which the faces of the mould exposed to the melt comprise inserts of silicon nitride which are backed by backing plates 0 metal.

2. A mould as claimed in claim 1 in which the backing plates are of cast iron.

3. A mould as claimed in claim 1 which includes a layer of metal foil, of high conductivity, between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.

4. A mould as claimed in claim 3 in which the metal foil is copper foil.

5. A mould as claimed in claim 1 which includes asbestos paper between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.

6. A mould as claimed in claim 2 which includes asbestos paper between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.

7. A mould as claimed in claim 3 which includes asbestos paper between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.

8. A mould as claimed in claim 4 which includes asbestos paper between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.

Claims (7)

  1. 2. A mould as claimed in claim 1 in which the backing plates are of cast iron.
  2. 3. A mould as claimed in claim 1 which includes a layer of metal foil, of high conductivity, between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.
  3. 4. A mould as claimed in claim 3 in which the metal foil is copper foil.
  4. 5. A mould as claimed in claim 1 which includes asbestos paper between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.
  5. 6. A mould as claimed in claim 2 which includes asbestos paper between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.
  6. 7. A mould as claimed in claim 3 which includes asbestos paper between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.
  7. 8. A mould as claimed in claim 4 which includes asbestos paper between the silicon nitride inserts and the backing plates.
US3709459A 1969-11-21 1970-11-19 Mould for casting electrode grids for electric storage batteries Expired - Lifetime US3709459A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB5706669A GB1286330A (en) 1969-11-21 1969-11-21 Casting electric battery electrode grids

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3709459A true US3709459A (en) 1973-01-09

Family

ID=10478271

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3709459A Expired - Lifetime US3709459A (en) 1969-11-21 1970-11-19 Mould for casting electrode grids for electric storage batteries

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US3709459A (en)
JP (1) JPS5017178B1 (en)
FR (1) FR2069572A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1286330A (en)

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4130157A (en) * 1976-07-19 1978-12-19 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Silicon nitride (SI3 N4) leachable ceramic cores
US4195002A (en) * 1978-07-27 1980-03-25 International Lead Zinc Research Organization, Inc. Water-dispersible coatings containing boron nitride for steel casting dies
US4546951A (en) * 1982-08-19 1985-10-15 Arbo Gereedschapsmakerij B.V. Mould for encapsulating parts of elements into a plastic material
US4614630A (en) * 1984-04-02 1986-09-30 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Mold having ceramic insert, method for injection molding using the same
US4704079A (en) * 1984-04-02 1987-11-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Mold having ceramic insert
US4903753A (en) * 1982-03-05 1990-02-27 Varta Batterie Aktiengesellschaft Casting technique for lead storage battery grids
US5326652A (en) * 1993-01-25 1994-07-05 Micron Semiconductor, Inc. Battery package and method using flexible polymer films having a deposited layer of an inorganic material
USRE36843E (en) * 1993-06-21 2000-08-29 Micron Technology, Inc. Polymer-lithium batteries and improved methods for manufacturing batteries
US6782940B2 (en) 2000-06-07 2004-08-31 Romain L. Billiet Method for rapid reproduction of molds and mold components
US20050242964A1 (en) * 1992-08-12 2005-11-03 Tuttle John R Miniature radio frequency transceiver
US20070007345A1 (en) * 1997-08-20 2007-01-11 Tuttle Mark E Electronic communication devices, methods of forming electrical communication devices, and communications methods
US20110174459A1 (en) * 2010-01-19 2011-07-21 Water Gremlin Company Mold assemblies including removable inserts and associated methods of use and manufacture
US8802282B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2014-08-12 Water Gremlin Company Battery parts having retaining and sealing features and associated methods of manufacture and use
US9190654B2 (en) 2004-01-02 2015-11-17 Water Gremlin Company Battery parts and associated systems and methods
US9748551B2 (en) 2011-06-29 2017-08-29 Water Gremlin Company Battery parts having retaining and sealing features and associated methods of manufacture and use
US9935306B2 (en) 2014-07-07 2018-04-03 Water Gremlin Company Battery parts having retaining and sealing features and associated methods of manufacture and use

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3165664D1 (en) * 1981-05-29 1984-09-27 Rosenthal Technik Ag Ceramic lining for metal moulds and method of making the same
JPH03107008U (en) * 1990-02-20 1991-11-05

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2992127A (en) * 1958-12-23 1961-07-11 Texas Instruments Inc Novel graphite articles and method of making
US3286312A (en) * 1965-03-29 1966-11-22 Little Inc A Refractory coated casting mold
US3580328A (en) * 1969-05-12 1971-05-25 Gen Motors Corp Mold for improved control of heat transfer in casting plate or strip products

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2992127A (en) * 1958-12-23 1961-07-11 Texas Instruments Inc Novel graphite articles and method of making
US3286312A (en) * 1965-03-29 1966-11-22 Little Inc A Refractory coated casting mold
US3580328A (en) * 1969-05-12 1971-05-25 Gen Motors Corp Mold for improved control of heat transfer in casting plate or strip products

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4130157A (en) * 1976-07-19 1978-12-19 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Silicon nitride (SI3 N4) leachable ceramic cores
US4195002A (en) * 1978-07-27 1980-03-25 International Lead Zinc Research Organization, Inc. Water-dispersible coatings containing boron nitride for steel casting dies
US4903753A (en) * 1982-03-05 1990-02-27 Varta Batterie Aktiengesellschaft Casting technique for lead storage battery grids
US4546951A (en) * 1982-08-19 1985-10-15 Arbo Gereedschapsmakerij B.V. Mould for encapsulating parts of elements into a plastic material
US4614630A (en) * 1984-04-02 1986-09-30 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co. Mold having ceramic insert, method for injection molding using the same
US4704079A (en) * 1984-04-02 1987-11-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Mold having ceramic insert
US20070290863A1 (en) * 1992-08-12 2007-12-20 Tuttle John R Radio Frequency Identification Device And Method
US7583192B2 (en) 1992-08-12 2009-09-01 Keystone Technology Solutions, Llc Radio frequency identification device and method
US20070103316A1 (en) * 1992-08-12 2007-05-10 Tuttle John R Radio frequency identification device and method
US8018340B2 (en) 1992-08-12 2011-09-13 Round Rock Research, Llc System and method to track articles at a point of origin and at a point of destination using RFID
US20050242964A1 (en) * 1992-08-12 2005-11-03 Tuttle John R Miniature radio frequency transceiver
US7746230B2 (en) 1992-08-12 2010-06-29 Round Rock Research, Llc Radio frequency identification device and method
US5326652A (en) * 1993-01-25 1994-07-05 Micron Semiconductor, Inc. Battery package and method using flexible polymer films having a deposited layer of an inorganic material
USRE35746E (en) * 1993-01-25 1998-03-17 Micron Technology, Inc. Battery package and method using flexible polymer films having a deposited layer of an inorganic material
USRE36843E (en) * 1993-06-21 2000-08-29 Micron Technology, Inc. Polymer-lithium batteries and improved methods for manufacturing batteries
US7948382B2 (en) 1997-08-20 2011-05-24 Round Rock Research, Llc Electronic communication devices, methods of forming electrical communication devices, and communications methods
US20070007345A1 (en) * 1997-08-20 2007-01-11 Tuttle Mark E Electronic communication devices, methods of forming electrical communication devices, and communications methods
US7839285B2 (en) 1997-08-20 2010-11-23 Round Rock Resarch, LLC Electronic communication devices, methods of forming electrical communication devices, and communications methods
US20070290862A1 (en) * 1997-08-20 2007-12-20 Tuttle Mark E Electronic Communication Devices, Methods Of Forming Electrical Communication Devices, And Communications Methods
US6782940B2 (en) 2000-06-07 2004-08-31 Romain L. Billiet Method for rapid reproduction of molds and mold components
US9190654B2 (en) 2004-01-02 2015-11-17 Water Gremlin Company Battery parts and associated systems and methods
US8802282B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2014-08-12 Water Gremlin Company Battery parts having retaining and sealing features and associated methods of manufacture and use
US9917293B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2018-03-13 Water Gremlin Company Battery parts having retaining and sealing features and associated methods of manufacture and use
US20110174459A1 (en) * 2010-01-19 2011-07-21 Water Gremlin Company Mold assemblies including removable inserts and associated methods of use and manufacture
US9748551B2 (en) 2011-06-29 2017-08-29 Water Gremlin Company Battery parts having retaining and sealing features and associated methods of manufacture and use
US9935306B2 (en) 2014-07-07 2018-04-03 Water Gremlin Company Battery parts having retaining and sealing features and associated methods of manufacture and use

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPS5017178B1 (en) 1975-06-19 grant
FR2069572A5 (en) 1971-09-03 application
GB1286330A (en) 1972-08-23 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3548915A (en) New procedure for chill casting beryllium composite
US3292216A (en) Adjustable mold for continuous casting installation
US3204303A (en) Precision investment casting
US3028324A (en) Producing or refining aluminum
US4086311A (en) Methods for increasing the crushability characteristics of cores for casting advanced superalloy materials
US2225373A (en) Method and apparatus for casting metal
US3814170A (en) Apparatus for melting and casting material under pressure
US4166495A (en) Ingot casting method
US6186768B1 (en) Metal matrix composite (MMC) body
US3515201A (en) Method of casting
US2301902A (en) Method and apparatus for producing bimetallic products
US4070796A (en) Method of producing abrasive grits
US2871533A (en) Method and apparatus for melting and casting of high melting point metals or alloys
US4645534A (en) Process for control of continuous casting conditions
US2784333A (en) Cast rotor and method
US2100258A (en) Composite body of copper and aluminum or copper and magnesium, and method of making same
US3764575A (en) Salt core containing synthetic resin and water-glass as binders
US3447592A (en) Cooling apparatus for differentially cooling a continuous casting
US2670284A (en) Production of nonferrous alloys
US2951272A (en) Method and apparatus for producing grain-oriented ingots
US2825641A (en) Method for melting refractory metals for casting purposes
US2593751A (en) Igneous electrolysis cell
US2861302A (en) Apparatus for continuous casting
US3170452A (en) Valve seat
US3435881A (en) Anisotropic continuous casting mold