US3701295A - Torque wrench - Google Patents

Torque wrench Download PDF

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Publication number
US3701295A
US3701295A US3701295DA US3701295A US 3701295 A US3701295 A US 3701295A US 3701295D A US3701295D A US 3701295DA US 3701295 A US3701295 A US 3701295A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
member
torque
tightening
springs
handle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Shirou Mende
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NAKAMURA SEISAKKUSHO KK
Original Assignee
NAKAMURA SEISAKKUSHO KK
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B23/00Details of, or accessories for, spanners, wrenches, screwdrivers
    • B25B23/14Arrangement of torque limiters or torque indicators in wrenches or screwdrivers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B23/00Details of, or accessories for, spanners, wrenches, screwdrivers
    • B25B23/14Arrangement of torque limiters or torque indicators in wrenches or screwdrivers
    • B25B23/142Arrangement of torque limiters or torque indicators in wrenches or screwdrivers specially adapted for hand operated wrenches or screwdrivers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/525Pliant or elastic hinge

Abstract

A torque wrench comprises a tightening member and a handle member. The handle member includes a sleeve having an enlarged open end and an insert block is secured in the sleeve adjacent the enlarged open end. The tightening member and the insert block are connected with each other by means of a pair of spaced trough-shaped springs each having an arcuate transverse crosssection. A pair of the trough-shaped springs are arranged with the concaved surfaces thereof confronting each other.

Description

United States Patent Mende [54] TORQUE WRENCH [72] Inventor: Shirou Meade, Tokyo, Japan [73] Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Nalramura Seisakkusho, Tokyo, Japan 221 Filed: Feb. 2, 1971 [21] Appl.No.: 111,841

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data June 3, 1970 Japan ..45/47749 [52] U.S. Cl ..81l52.4, 81/177 R, 16/150 [51] Int. Cl. ..B25b 23/14 [58] Field of Search.....8l/l77 R, 52.4, 52.5; 287/86; 306/20; 16/150, 180; 64/15 R, 15 B [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,303,411 12/1942 Van Horn ..8l/52.5 3,386,128 6/1968 Vyvyan ..16/150 2,315,521 4/1943 Hart ..81/52.5

[451 Oct. 31, 1972 OTHER PUBLICATIONS General Dynamics, Convair Aerospace Division, Space and Ground-Erectable Antenna Applications, 10/1970, p. 3, 16- 150.

Primary Examiner-Robert C. Riordon Assistant Examiner-Roscoe V. Parker, Jr. Attorney-Fleit, Gipple & Jacobson 57 ABSTRACT 4 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures l2l4l0 9 8 TORQUE WRENCH This invention relates to a torque wrench for tightening a bolt, nut or the like with a predetermined torque, and has for its primary object the provision of a torque wrench which is very simple in construction and can be produced at a low cost.

A further object of the invention is to provide a torque wrench which enables a predetermined tightening torque to be maintained constant at all times, irrespectively of a positional change of the force applied to a handle member of the torque wrench.

' According to the invention, there is provided a torque wrench in which a tightening member and a handle member are connected with each other by means of a pair of spaced trough-shaped springs arranged with the concaved surfaces thereof confronting each other.

An embodiment of the present invention will be described hereunder with reference to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a front elevation, partially shown in section, of an embodiment of the torque wrench according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a front elevation showing the manner of using the torque wrench of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a cross section taken along the line IIIIII of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 4 is a graph showing the relationship between the load P and the deflection 8 of the spring when a pair of the opposed trough-shaped springs are fixed at one end and the load P is applied to the other end.

Referring to the drawings and particularly to FIG. 1, the torque wrench of the invention comprises a tightening member 2 and a handle member 3, and the tighten ing member 2 has a spanner head 5 formed with an opening 4 engageable with a bolt head or a nut to be tightened, and a spanner shank 6. The handle member 3 includes an inner sleeve 8 having an enlarged open end 7, and a grip 9 covering said inner sleeve 8. An insert block 10 is slide-fittedin the sleeve8 and secured therein by means of a fixing pin 11 at a portion adjacent the enlarged open end 7. A pair of spaced troughshaped springs l2, 12, each having an arcuate transverse cross section, are arranged in opposed parallel relation with their concaved surfaces confronting each other. The spanner shank 6 and the insert block 10 have formed in the confronting end faces thereof arcuate slots 13, 13 and 14, 14 respectively, which are complementary to the arcuate cross-sectional shapes of the trough-shaped springs 12, 12. The trough-shaped springs l2, 12 have one of their ends inserted into the arcuate slots 13, 13 of the spanner shank 6 and at the other end inserted into the arcuate slots 14, 14 of the insert block 10, and secured therein as by screws or welding, thereby to connect the tightening member 2 and the handle member 3 with each other. It will be obviously understood that the securement of the troughshaped springs 12, 12 to the spannershank 6 and the insert block 10 may be achieved by directly securing the ends of the former to the latter as by welding or screws.

Now, the operation of the torque wrench according to the invention will be described. In using the torque wrench, the opening 4 of the spanner head 5 is engaged with the bolt head or nut 15 and the handle member 3 is turned in a clockwise direction, as-shown in FIG. 2, to tighten said bolt head or nut 15. While the tightening torque is small, the trough-shaped springs 12, 12 are not deflected and the tightening force applied to the handle member 3 is transmitted to the tightening member 2 through said trough-shaped springs l2, 12. As the tightening torque progressively increases, the trough-shaped springs l2, 12 are deflected and the handle member 3 is angularly displaced relative to the axis of the tightening member 2. When the force applied to the handle member or the load exerted on the ends of the trough-shaped springs connected to the insert block increases in proportion to the deflection of said springs and reaches a critical value, thespring l2 undergoing compressive force on the convex surface thereof is subjected to buckling, with the result that the angular displacement of the handle member 3 relative to the tightening member 2 suddenly increases and the tightening torque applied to the bolt head or nut disappears. FIG. 4 shows the relationship between the bending load P and the deflection 8 of a pair of the troughshaped springs connecting the tightening member and the handle member with each other. It will be understood from the graph that the trough-shaped springs have such a characteristic that they deflect increasingly in proportion to the increasing bending load exerted thereon and are subjected to buckling at the maximum load P According to the invention, as described above, when the buckling of the trough-shaped spring occurs, the angular displacement of the handle member to the tightening member suddenly increases namely the handle member pivots relative to the tightening member to release the tightening torque. Therefore, it is possible to positively tighten a'bolt, a nut or the like with a predetermined torque. Furthermore, according to the invention, since the tightening member and the handle member are connected by way of the trough-shaped springs, the predetermined tightening torque will not change, no matter to what position the acting point of the force applied to the handle member may be shifted on said handle member.

lclaim:

1. A torque wrench comprising, in combination, a tightening member, a handle member and a spring mechanism, said spring mechanism consisting of a pair of spaced trough-shaped springs arranged with their concave surfaces facing each other, each of said springs being affixed at one of its ends to the tightening member and at the other of its ends to the handle member, said trough-shaped springs having the characteristic of deflecting increasingly in proportion to an increasing bending load and buckling at a load corresponding to a predetermined maximum torque of the wrench, said spring mechanism retaining said tightening member and said handle member in an operative position relative to each other only as long as the load acting on the trough-shaped springs does not exceed the buckling load, said handle member pivoting relative to said tightening member to release the tightening torque when said buckling load is exceeded.

2. The torque wrench of claim 1 in which the handle member includes a sleeve having an enlarged open end and in which an insert block is fixedly disposed in said sleeve adjacent said enlarged open end.

ing member has arcuate slots of a shape complementary to the transverse cross-sectional shape of said trough-shaped springs and in which the other of the ends of said trough-shaped springs is inserted into said arcuate slots and secured therein.

Claims (4)

1. A torque wrench comprising, in combination, a tightening member, a handle member and a spring mechanism, said spring mechanism consisting of a pair of spaced trough-shaped springs arranged with their concave surfaces facing each other, each of said springs being affixed at one of its ends to the tightening member and at the other of its ends to the handle member, said trough-shaped springs having the characteristic of deflecting increasingly in proportion to an increasing bending load and buckling at a load corresponding to a predetermined maximum torque of the wrench, said spring mechanism retaining said tightening member and said handle member in an operative position relative to each other only as long as the load acting on the trough-shaped springs does not exceed the buckling load, said handle member pivoting relative to said tightening member to release the tightening torque when said buckling load is exceeded.
2. The torque wrench of claim 1 in which the handle member includes a sleeve having an enlarged open end and in which an insert block is fixedly disposed in said sleeve adjacent said enlarged open end.
3. The torque wrench of claim 2 in which the insert block has arcuate slots of a shape complementary to the transverse cross-sectional shape of said trough-shaped springs and in which one of the ends of said trough-shaped springs is inserted into said arcuate slots and secuRed therein.
4. The torque wrench of claim 3 in which the tightening member has arcuate slots of a shape complementary to the transverse cross-sectional shape of said trough-shaped springs and in which the other of the ends of said trough-shaped springs is inserted into said arcuate slots and secured therein.
US3701295A 1970-06-03 1971-02-02 Torque wrench Expired - Lifetime US3701295A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP4774970A JPS4824796B1 (en) 1970-06-03 1970-06-03

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3701295A true US3701295A (en) 1972-10-31

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3701295A Expired - Lifetime US3701295A (en) 1970-06-03 1971-02-02 Torque wrench

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US3701295A (en)
JP (1) JPS4824796B1 (en)
DE (1) DE2106263C3 (en)
GB (1) GB1327680A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5737983A (en) * 1994-03-31 1998-04-14 Torque System Sweden Ab Dynamometric wrench
US6247385B1 (en) * 2000-03-09 2001-06-19 Arthur Wu Rotatable tool handle having a recovery device
US6869000B2 (en) * 1994-08-08 2005-03-22 Synthes (U.S.A.) Apparatus for cutting bodies having a non-circular cross section
US7069816B1 (en) 1998-09-14 2006-07-04 Johannes Luebbering Ag Motor-driven screw driver
WO2010055177A1 (en) 2008-11-14 2010-05-20 Biotechnology Institute, I Mas D, S.L. Wrench for delivering maximum fixed or adjustable torque
CN102092020A (en) * 2010-09-07 2011-06-15 苏州市天迅机具科技有限公司 Curved labor-saving wrench
US9664315B1 (en) * 2014-08-20 2017-05-30 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. One-way nut fastener

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2318438C3 (en) * 1972-05-03 1980-02-28 Vereinigte Edelstahlwerke Ag (Vew), Wien Niederlassung Vereinigte Edelstahlwerke Ag (Vew) Verkaufsniederlassung Buederich, 4005 Meerbusch
JPS5223689U (en) * 1975-08-08 1977-02-19
JPS5279292U (en) * 1975-12-09 1977-06-13
GB8812527D0 (en) * 1988-05-26 1988-06-29 Bantex Ltd Improvements in & relating to fitting of aerials
DE4010775A1 (en) * 1990-04-04 1991-10-17 Wolf Gmbh Richard medical pliers
DE4338230C2 (en) * 1993-11-09 1996-07-18 Eberhard Tittel Apparatus for tightening of screw, in particular fastening screws of a load carrier for a motor vehicle
DE19841870A1 (en) * 1998-09-14 2000-03-16 Konstanze Saathoff Fa Motor driven hand screwing tool with ratchet drive, and torque limiter with ratchet drive and torque limiter arranged in head of screwing tool

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2303411A (en) * 1939-07-11 1942-12-01 Roy H Van Horn Torque wrench
US2315521A (en) * 1942-01-10 1943-04-06 Charles W Hart Torque wrench
US3386128A (en) * 1966-09-26 1968-06-04 Ryan Aeronautical Co Self-actuating, self-locking hinge

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2303411A (en) * 1939-07-11 1942-12-01 Roy H Van Horn Torque wrench
US2315521A (en) * 1942-01-10 1943-04-06 Charles W Hart Torque wrench
US3386128A (en) * 1966-09-26 1968-06-04 Ryan Aeronautical Co Self-actuating, self-locking hinge

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
General Dynamics, Convair Aerospace Division, Space and Ground Erectable Antenna Applications, 10/1970, p. 3, 16 150. *

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5737983A (en) * 1994-03-31 1998-04-14 Torque System Sweden Ab Dynamometric wrench
US6869000B2 (en) * 1994-08-08 2005-03-22 Synthes (U.S.A.) Apparatus for cutting bodies having a non-circular cross section
US7069816B1 (en) 1998-09-14 2006-07-04 Johannes Luebbering Ag Motor-driven screw driver
US6247385B1 (en) * 2000-03-09 2001-06-19 Arthur Wu Rotatable tool handle having a recovery device
WO2010055177A1 (en) 2008-11-14 2010-05-20 Biotechnology Institute, I Mas D, S.L. Wrench for delivering maximum fixed or adjustable torque
US20100126318A1 (en) * 2008-11-14 2010-05-27 Biotechnology Institute, I Mas D, S.L. Wrench for providing a fixed or adjustable maximum torque
US9545709B2 (en) 2008-11-14 2017-01-17 Biotechnology Institute, I Mas D, S.L. Wrench for providing a fixed adjustable maximum torque
CN102092020A (en) * 2010-09-07 2011-06-15 苏州市天迅机具科技有限公司 Curved labor-saving wrench
US9664315B1 (en) * 2014-08-20 2017-05-30 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. One-way nut fastener

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE2106263A1 (en) 1971-12-16 application
GB1327680A (en) 1973-08-22 application
JPS4824796B1 (en) 1973-07-24 grant
DE2106263C3 (en) 1973-09-20 grant
DE2106263B2 (en) 1973-02-22 application

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