US3700132A - Floor hoist - Google Patents

Floor hoist Download PDF

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Publication number
US3700132A
US3700132A US3700132DA US3700132A US 3700132 A US3700132 A US 3700132A US 3700132D A US3700132D A US 3700132DA US 3700132 A US3700132 A US 3700132A
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United States
Prior art keywords
hoist
cylinder
tilt
plate
lifting arm
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Expired - Lifetime
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James R Waters
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James R Waters
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/48Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading using pivoted arms raisable above load-transporting element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/36Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes mounted on road or rail vehicles; Manually-movable jib-cranes for use in workshops; Floating cranes
    • B66C23/48Manually-movable jib cranes for use in workshops
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/065Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks non-masted

Abstract

A low profile portable hydraulic hoist for handling heavy structures in cramped quarters. It includes a castered frame, a pivoted arm mounted on the frame and an adjustable head means mounted on the end of the arm for holding the structure to be moved. Hydraulic cylinders are used to elevate the arm and tilt the head, which may also be manually rotated.

Description

United States Patent Street, Santa Paula, Calif. 93060 [22 Filed: April2l,l971

[21] Appl. No.: 136,022

[52] US. Cl ..2l4/768, 214/778, 214/] D [51] Int.C1. ..E02f 3/00 [58] Field of Search ..2l4/l40, 768, 778, 652, 149,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,024,933 3/1962 Albert ..2l4/768- X 3,549,031 12/1970 Blood ..2l4/652 3,087,630 4/1963 Karnow ..2l4/1 D Waters 1 51 Oct. 24, 1972 1541 FLOOR HOIST 3,484,004 12/1969 Hughey "214/11: .[72] Inventor: James waters, 356 Princeton 2,785,807 3/1 57 Prowinsky 214/1 D Primary Examiner-Gerald M. Forlenza Assistant Examiner.1ohn Mannix Attorney-Richard S. Sciasc'ia, Gayward N. Mann an Q. Baxter Warner [57] ABSTRACT 7 Claims 5 Drawing Figures PATENTEDHBT24 I912 3100.132

sum 1 OF 2 JAMES R. WATERS INVENTOR FLOOR HOIST STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention'relates generally to lifting equipment and more particularly to a hydraulic hoist for manipulating heavy objects in cramped quarters.

2. Description of the Prior Art The lifting and removal of heavy equipment has always involved many problems due primarily to the cramped space in which the devices needed for handling purposes must be employed. Most of the hoists which have been developed are too bulky and are not sufficiently adaptable to remove such heavy structures. The present invention, however, being of low profile and of high adaptability, may be used in most situations where other equipment can not be employed.

SUMMARY OF'THE INVENTION Briefly, the present invention involves a powerful floor hoist useful in heavy equipment shops, garages, ordnance shops, etc. The device is low profiled and includes a castered frame, a load raising arm pivotally attached to the frame and an adjustable adapter connected to the arm for engaging and hoisting heavy objects such as truck transmissions or the like. Hydraulic cylinders are used to elevate or lower the arm and to tilt the adapter, which may also be manually rotated.

STATEMENT OF THE OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a hoist of high reliability, low cost and great adaptability.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a hoist of very low profile to permit utilization in confined quarters.

Still another object'is to provide a hoist which will allow safe removal of truck differentials without damage thereto.

Another object is to provide a hoist in which the tilt and hoist mechanisms may be independently operated.

Other objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the invention when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of the hoist in a partially raised position. a

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the hoist of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged front view of the index plate but with a portion broken away.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged side view showing the details of the adjustable structure used engaging a heavy object.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view similar to FIG. 3, but with a portion broken away.

, I DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring more particularly to the drawings, the in- I vention comprises an elongated frame constructed preferably of a pair of spaced tubular members 12 which are substantially in parallel relationship. A tubular cross member 14 is welded or otherwise secured to I one end 16 of members 12 and an upwardly and rearwardly projecting support bracket 18 is mounted on the cross member 14 between members 12. A flat support plate 20 is mounted to the undersurfaces of members 12 contiguous to cross member 14. Both members 12 have end plates 22 and 24 secured thereto on which are mounted swivel casters 26.

An elongate hoist arm 28 is pivotally mounted at its lower end to the lower end of support bracket 18 welded to cross member 14. The opposite end of arm 28 is pivotally connected to a tiltable and rotatable head assembly by pin 33 received in spaced bosses 34; the bosses in turn are welded to the rear face of tilt plate 35.

A hydraulic tilt cylinder 30 is mounted on the end of arm 28 and contains a piston rod 38 which latter extends axially of the cylinder. The outer end of the piston rod bears a roller bar 40 (FIG. 4) supporting two rollers 42. The rollers are aligned with and are adapted to move along a pair of spaced parallel curved tracks 44 secured to the rear face of tilt plate 35.

The means of operating the hydraulic mechanism for piston rod 38 includes a tilt pump assembly and oil of tilt plate 35 by a series of bolts and nuts 46 and 48,

face plate-49 serving as a mounting base for a rotatable index plate centrally journalled thereon at hub portion 56. Between face plate 49 and index plate 60 are a series of peripherally located rollers 50 suitably mounted on the front face of face plate 49 by means of roller pins 52 received in spaced cheeks 54.

The index plate 60 may be in the form of a round flat disc as shown and is preferably provided with a series of spaced peripherally located holes 66 by which the angle shaped fork members 62 may be adjustably mounted utilizing the tie bolts 64.

Index plate 60 is mounted on hub 56 and is caused to rotate about such hub by a simple screw and nut mechanism. Such an arrangement is shown in detail in FIG. 3 where a portion of the index plate 60 is shown broken away to expose a screw 86 supported on face plate 49 by lug 88 which is pivotally mounted on the front surface of face plate 49. The outer end of the screw is provided with a hexagonal head 90 to receive a socket wrench or crank by which the screw may-be rotated. Collar 92 retains the parts in juxtaposition.

The inner end of screw 86 is threaded through a nut 94 which is pivotally supported on the inside face of index plate 60. Thus it will be seen that rotation of screw 86 rotates index plate 60 about its central pivot 56.

A hoist cylinder 68 may be pivotally secured at one end to the top of support bracket 18 by journal 70 and pin 71. The hoist piston rod 72 is pivotally connected by pin 74 to cheek brackets 76'welded or otherwise secured to the top portion of the hoist arm 28. Hoist cylinder 68 is employed to elevate and lower the hoist arm 28 and thus similarly move any attached structure including index plate 60 with the connected fork members 62.

To actuate hoist cylinder 68, a hoist pump assembly and associated reservoir 78 is mounted on support plate 20 and is operated by a handle 80, thereby providing hydraulic pressure to hoist cylinder 68 through lines 82 and 84 to actuate piston rod 72 into or out of cylinder 68. Such movement will effect the required up or down movement of hoist arm 28. Both pump assemblies 67 and 78 include a hydraulic valve 79 permitting return of the oil to the reservoir.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

I claim:

1. A low profile hydraulic hoist assembly capable of being positioned in an area having cramped space restrictions comprising:

an elongated andwheeled frame adapted to be easily positioned in said cramped area;

a lifting arm pivotally mounted at the inner end to said framework and with the outer end adapted to extend into an area above said frame;

hydraulic means for raising the lifting arm and causing the outer end thereof to elevate;

a load engaging head assembly pivotally mounted to the outer end of said lifting arm;

hydraulic means for effecting tilt movement to said head assembly, said means mounted on the outer end of said lifting arm and adapted to extend coaxially with the longitudinal axis of said lifting arm; and

means for allowing rotation of a portion of said head assembly about a central axis.

2. The hoist as defined in claim 1 wherein:

said means for effecting tilt movement of the head includes a tilt cylinder mounted axially on the outer end of the lifting arm and a tilt pump assembly to provide pressure to said cylinder,

said cylinder containing a piston rod adapted to extend axially out of the cylinder, and

means pivotally connecting the outer end of said tilt cylinder to said load engaging head whereupon movement of said piston rod will cause a tilting motion to be imparted to the head with respect to the axis of said lifting arm and tilt cylinder.

3. The hoist as defined in claim 2 wherein: sai means pivotally connecting the outer end of said 4. The hoist as definedin claim 1 wherein the hydraulic means for pivoting the lifting arm includes:v

a hoist cylinder pivotally mounted at one end to the frame,

a hoist cylinder piston rod pivotally connected to the lifting arm and, hoist cylinder pump means to provide pressure to said hoist cylinder whereupon movement of the hoist cylinder piston.

rod will provide vertical movement to said lifting arm. 5. The hoist as defined in claim 3 wherein the rotatable load engaging head comprises:

a tilt plate to which said pair of curved and parallel tracks are secured and which cooperates with said rollers mounted on the tilt cylinder piston rod to provide tilting movement to the head assembly;

a face plate mounted upon said'tilt plate for tilting movement therewith;

an index plate rotatably supported on said face plate having a series of spaced and peripherally located apertures therein;

means interconnecting said face plate and said index plate, said means being adjustable to allow rotation therebetween about their common centralaxis; and

angle shaped supporting members mounted in the apertures.

6. The hoist as defined in claim 5 wherein said means adjustably interconnecting said face plate and said index plate includes a nut and bolt arrangement in which the nut is attached to said index plate and the bolt is threadedly engaged with said nut, the bolt being secured to said face plate;

thus upon rotation of the bolt suitable rotation is provided to the index plate. 7. The hoist as defined in claim 3 wherein said angle shaped supporting members are in the form of forks.

Claims (7)

1. A low profile hydraulic hoist assembly capable of being positioned in an area having cramped space restrictions comprising: an elongated and wheeled frame adapted to be easily positioned in said cramped area; a lifting arm pivotally mounted at the inner end to said framework and with the outer end adapted to extend into an area above said frame; hydraulic means for raising the lifting arm and causing the outer end thereof to elevate; a load engaging head assembly pivotally mounted to the outer end of said lifting arm; hydraulic means for effecting tilt movement to said head assembly, said means mounted on the outer end of said lifting arm and adapted to extend coaxially with the longitudinal axis of said lifting arm; and means for allowing rotation of a portion of said head assembly about a central axis.
2. The hoist as defined in claim 1 wherein: said means for effecting tilt movement of the head includes a tilt cylinder mounted axially on the outer end of the lifting arm and a tilt pump assembly to provide pressure to said cylinder, said cylinder containing a piston rod adapted to extend axially out of the cylinder, and means pivotally connecting the outer end of said tilt cylinder to said load engaging head whereupon movement of said piston rod will cause a tilting motion to be imparted to the head with respect to the axis of said lifting arm and tilt cylinder.
3. The hoist as defined in claim 2 wherein: said means pivotally connecting the outer end of said tilt cylinder to the head includes a bracket and pin arrangement attaching the outer end of said tilt cylinder to the load engaging head in a movable relationship, a pair of rollers attached to the outer end of the cylinder piston rod, and a pair of curved parallel tracks secured to the load engaging head, said rollers adapted to move on the tracks when the piston rod to which they are attached moves in and out of said tilt cylinder, thus causing said tilting motion to be imparted to the head.
4. The hoist as defined in claim 1 wherein the hydraulic means for pivoting the lifting arm includes: a hoist cylinder pivotally mounted at one end to the frame, a hoist cylinder piston rod pivotally connected to the lifting arm and, hoist cylinder pump means to provide pressure to said hoist cylinder whereupon movement of the hoist cylinder piston rod will provide vertical movement to said lifting arm.
5. The hoist as defined in claim 3 wherein the rotatable load engaging head comprises: a tilt plate to which said pair of curved and parallel tracks are secured and which cooperates with said rollers mounted on the tilt cylinder piston rod to provide tilting movement to the head assembly; a face plate mounted upon said tilt plate for tilting movement therewith; an index plate rotatably supported on said face plate having a series of spaced and peripherally located apertures therein; means interconnecting said face plate and said index plate, said means being adjustable to allow rotation therebetween about their common central axis; and angle shaped supporting members adjustably mounted in the apertures.
6. The hoist as defined in claim 5 wherein said means interconnecting said face plate and said index plate includes a nut and bolt arrangement in which the nut is attached to said index plate and the bolt is threadedly engaged wIth said nut, the bolt being secured to said face plate; thus upon rotation of the bolt suitable rotation is provided to the index plate.
7. The hoist as defined in claim 3 wherein said angle shaped supporting members are in the form of forks.
US3700132D 1971-04-21 1971-04-21 Floor hoist Expired - Lifetime US3700132A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3935954A (en) * 1974-07-08 1976-02-03 Woods Donald L Compacted hay transport
US3941262A (en) * 1974-02-01 1976-03-02 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Pivotally disposable bucket
US4050752A (en) * 1976-04-12 1977-09-27 Portable Laboratories, Inc. Modular laboratory cabinets adjustable in elevation
FR2415600A1 (en) * 1978-01-30 1979-08-24 Baas Technik Gmbh PARALLEL GUIDANCE DEVICE FOR VEHICLE-MOUNTED FRONT LOADING EQUIPMENT
DE3529790A1 (en) * 1984-08-22 1986-03-06 British Aerospace DEVICE FOR RELOADING OBJECTS ON THE OPEN SEA
WO1987002727A1 (en) * 1985-11-04 1987-05-07 Holmdahl Ulf Goeran Device for a load carrying unit
US4786266A (en) * 1985-07-17 1988-11-22 British Aerospace Public Limited Company Open sea transfer of fluids
US5051056A (en) * 1990-01-10 1991-09-24 G. F. Equipment, Inc. Portable boat jacking and rotating apparatus
US5085410A (en) * 1989-12-14 1992-02-04 Jersey Nuclear-Avco Isotopes, Inc. Modular processing system
US5114301A (en) * 1991-01-10 1992-05-19 Allied Gator, Inc. Rotator for backhoe equipment
US5185757A (en) * 1989-12-14 1993-02-09 Jersey Nuclear-Avco Isotopes, Inc. Modularized replaceable vaporizer and extractor apparatus
US5486084A (en) * 1993-06-07 1996-01-23 Raymond F. Pitman Multiple purpose material handling and working apparatus
DE4427901A1 (en) * 1994-08-06 1996-02-15 Kaup Gmbh & Co Kg Freight container loading mechanism with load retainer
US5507614A (en) * 1995-03-02 1996-04-16 Cybeq Systems Holder mechanism for simultaneously tilting and rotating a wafer cassette
US5709523A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-01-20 Ware; Emmet P. Material handling lift
US20040109750A1 (en) * 2002-12-09 2004-06-10 Klassen Perry J. Hydraulic boom cart system
US20040213656A1 (en) * 2001-08-09 2004-10-28 Lear Adam Thomas Lifting and transporting device
US20110017964A1 (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-01-27 Norfolk Southern Corporation Tool, system and method for railcar maintenance
US8662814B1 (en) 2010-10-18 2014-03-04 Russell Keith McInnis Transmission lift arm
EP3228579A1 (en) * 2016-04-04 2017-10-11 Importaciones Nauticas, S.A. Hoisting jack with rotating and swivelling supporting fork
EP3670423A1 (en) * 2018-12-21 2020-06-24 GEDORE Holding GmbH Lifting device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2785807A (en) * 1953-02-03 1957-03-19 Joseph H Prowinsky Straight line lift truck
US3024933A (en) * 1958-03-03 1962-03-13 Pettibone Mulliken Corp Multi-action front end loaders
US3087630A (en) * 1961-02-10 1963-04-30 Karnow Paul Omnidirectional manipulator
US3484004A (en) * 1967-08-02 1969-12-16 Brown Eng Co Inc Article handling device
US3549031A (en) * 1968-10-09 1970-12-22 Contracting & Material Co Tractor attached vacuum lifter

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2785807A (en) * 1953-02-03 1957-03-19 Joseph H Prowinsky Straight line lift truck
US3024933A (en) * 1958-03-03 1962-03-13 Pettibone Mulliken Corp Multi-action front end loaders
US3087630A (en) * 1961-02-10 1963-04-30 Karnow Paul Omnidirectional manipulator
US3484004A (en) * 1967-08-02 1969-12-16 Brown Eng Co Inc Article handling device
US3549031A (en) * 1968-10-09 1970-12-22 Contracting & Material Co Tractor attached vacuum lifter

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3941262A (en) * 1974-02-01 1976-03-02 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Pivotally disposable bucket
US3935954A (en) * 1974-07-08 1976-02-03 Woods Donald L Compacted hay transport
US4050752A (en) * 1976-04-12 1977-09-27 Portable Laboratories, Inc. Modular laboratory cabinets adjustable in elevation
FR2415600A1 (en) * 1978-01-30 1979-08-24 Baas Technik Gmbh PARALLEL GUIDANCE DEVICE FOR VEHICLE-MOUNTED FRONT LOADING EQUIPMENT
DE3529790A1 (en) * 1984-08-22 1986-03-06 British Aerospace DEVICE FOR RELOADING OBJECTS ON THE OPEN SEA
US4854800A (en) * 1984-08-22 1989-08-08 British Aerospace Public Limited Company Open sea transfer of articles
US4786266A (en) * 1985-07-17 1988-11-22 British Aerospace Public Limited Company Open sea transfer of fluids
WO1987002727A1 (en) * 1985-11-04 1987-05-07 Holmdahl Ulf Goeran Device for a load carrying unit
US5085410A (en) * 1989-12-14 1992-02-04 Jersey Nuclear-Avco Isotopes, Inc. Modular processing system
US5185757A (en) * 1989-12-14 1993-02-09 Jersey Nuclear-Avco Isotopes, Inc. Modularized replaceable vaporizer and extractor apparatus
US5051056A (en) * 1990-01-10 1991-09-24 G. F. Equipment, Inc. Portable boat jacking and rotating apparatus
US5114301A (en) * 1991-01-10 1992-05-19 Allied Gator, Inc. Rotator for backhoe equipment
US5486084A (en) * 1993-06-07 1996-01-23 Raymond F. Pitman Multiple purpose material handling and working apparatus
DE4427901A1 (en) * 1994-08-06 1996-02-15 Kaup Gmbh & Co Kg Freight container loading mechanism with load retainer
US5507614A (en) * 1995-03-02 1996-04-16 Cybeq Systems Holder mechanism for simultaneously tilting and rotating a wafer cassette
US5709523A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-01-20 Ware; Emmet P. Material handling lift
US20040213656A1 (en) * 2001-08-09 2004-10-28 Lear Adam Thomas Lifting and transporting device
US7195104B2 (en) * 2001-08-09 2007-03-27 Austech And Design Pty Ltd Lifting and transporting device
US20040109750A1 (en) * 2002-12-09 2004-06-10 Klassen Perry J. Hydraulic boom cart system
US20110017964A1 (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-01-27 Norfolk Southern Corporation Tool, system and method for railcar maintenance
US8308136B2 (en) 2009-07-24 2012-11-13 Norfolk Southern Corporation Tool, system and method for railcar maintenance
US8662814B1 (en) 2010-10-18 2014-03-04 Russell Keith McInnis Transmission lift arm
EP3228579A1 (en) * 2016-04-04 2017-10-11 Importaciones Nauticas, S.A. Hoisting jack with rotating and swivelling supporting fork
EP3670423A1 (en) * 2018-12-21 2020-06-24 GEDORE Holding GmbH Lifting device

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