US3696951A - Refuse collection vehicles - Google Patents

Refuse collection vehicles Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3696951A
US3696951A US3696951DA US3696951A US 3696951 A US3696951 A US 3696951A US 3696951D A US3696951D A US 3696951DA US 3696951 A US3696951 A US 3696951A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
panel
plate
packer plate
support surface
hopper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Charles R Toppins
Samuel E Harvey
Harvey W Liberman
Houston Ratledge
Steven C Voorhees
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dempster Systems Inc
Dempster Brothers Inc
Original Assignee
Dempster Brothers Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority claimed from US5945370A external-priority
Application filed by Dempster Brothers Inc filed Critical Dempster Brothers Inc
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3696951A publication Critical patent/US3696951A/en
Assigned to DEMPSTER SYSTEMS, INC. reassignment DEMPSTER SYSTEMS, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: CARRIER CORPORATION
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Assigned to SANWA BUSINESS CREDIT CORPORATION A DE CORPORATION reassignment SANWA BUSINESS CREDIT CORPORATION A DE CORPORATION SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: DEMPSTER, INC., A CORPORATION OF OH
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F3/00Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse
    • B65F3/24Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse with devices for unloading the tank of a refuse vehicle
    • B65F3/28Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse with devices for unloading the tank of a refuse vehicle by a lengthwise movement of a wall, e.g. a plate, a piston, or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F3/00Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse
    • B65F3/14Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse with devices for charging, distributing or compressing refuse in the interior of the tank of a refuse vehicle
    • B65F3/20Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse with devices for charging, distributing or compressing refuse in the interior of the tank of a refuse vehicle with charging pistons, plates, or the like

Abstract

A rear loader for refuse collection vehicles. The rear loader includes a housing with an opening through which refuse is deposited in a hopper. A movable packer plate in the housing moves in opposition to the bottom of the hopper to partially compress the material and subsequently to convey the material through a discharge opening into the body of the vehicle. The packer plate in the housing also cooperates with an ejector plate in the body to further compress the refuse contained within the body.

Description

United States Patent Toppins et a].
[ 1 Oct. 10,1972
[ REFUSE COLLECTION VEHICLES [72] Inventors: Charles R. Toppins; Samuel E. Har-' vey; Harvey W. Liberman, all of Knoxville; Houston Rutledge, Maryville; Steven C. Voorhees, Oak .Ridge, all of Tenn.
73 Assignee: Dempster Brothers, IIl., Knoxville,
Tenn.
221 Filed: July so, 1970 21 Appl.No.: 59,453
[52] US. Cl. ..214/83.3 [51] Int. Cl. ..B65f 3/00 [58] Field of Search ..2l4/83.3, 518-522,
[56] 0 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Boissonnault ...214/5 l 3 2,767,867 10/1956 Wood ..2l4/83.3 3,034,672 5/1962 Barrett ..2 1 4/5 1 8 X 3,092,269 6/ 1963 Brown et a1. ..2l4/83.3 3,455,471 7/1969 Merther ..2l4/83.3
Primary Examiner-Albert J. Makay Attorney-Bums, Doane, Swecker& Mathis [57] ABSTRACT A rear loader for refuse collection vehicles. The rear loader includes a housing with an opening through which refuse is deposited in a hopper. A movable packer plate in the housing moves in opposition to the bottom of the hopper to partially compress the material and subsequently to convey the material through a discharge opening into the body of the vehicle. The packer plate in the housing also cooperates with an ejector plate in the body to further compress the refuse contained within the body.
17 Clains, 11 Drawing Figures PATENTED OCT 10 I972 SHEET 2 BF 5 INVENTORS STEVEN c. VOORHEES Eur/u, bow, Emma, .Qdea
SAMUEL E. HARVEY, HARVEY UBERMAN, HOUSTON RATLEDGE, CHARLES R. TOPPINS,
FIG.3
MQ MMZ ATTORNEYS PATENTEUom 10 m2 SHEET 3 8F 5 FIG. 8
INVENTORS SAMUEL E. HARVEY HARVEY W. LlBERMAhL HOUSTON RATLEDGFZ, CHARLES RJUPPINS, STEVEN C. VOORHEES BY i Pa /1:. bow, mddli, sank zr nnnv' PATENTEBHBHOIHR 3.696.951
SHEET l4 0F 5 FIG. 9
INVENTORS SAMUEL E. HARVEY, HARVEY W. LIBERMAN HOUSTON RATLEDGE, CHARLES R. TOPPINS, STEVEN C.VO0RHEES ar/u, 30:1 waa'dj \Qoedce/ Mmr ATTORNEYS PATENIED OUT 10 3.696, 851
SHEET 5 BF 5 INVENTORS SAMUEL E.'HARVEY, HARVEY W. LIBERMAN, HOUSTON RATLEDGE, CHARLES R. TOPPINS, STEVEN C. VOORHEES 24am, A0211, Emma, Luce cu. a Mm:
ATTORNEYS REFUSE COLLECTION VEHICLES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to refuse collection vehicles and more particularly to apparatus for loading and packing refuse from the rear of a vehicle into the body of the vehicle.
Refuse collection trucks of the rear loader type are often used for collection of trash and other refuse in residential areas. Typically, a rear loader mechanism is provided on the tailgate of a truck having an enclosed body. workmen collect refuse at each house in large containers and carry these containers to the truck where they are dumped into the hopper located in the tailgate assembly of the truck. The rear loader mechanism is usually operated by manual controls located adjacent the hopper opening. The operator causes the rear loader to run through a loading cycle each time the hopper has been filled. Some types of conventional rear loader mechanisms do not permit refuse to be dumped into the hopper during the loading cycle. Therefore, workmen may have to wait at the truck for a considerable length of time before emptying their containers and returning to pick up the next load.
The frequency of operation of the rear loader mechanism depends upon the capacity of the hopper. A large hopper can store temporarily a larger volume of refuse and accordingly less time is lost while waiting for the loading mechanism to complete its cycle. The height of the sill of the bottom of the tailgate opening is one factor that limits hopper capacity. The higher the refuse receiving opening is above the ground, the more effort is required by the workmen in dumping their containers into the hopper. Accordingly, the sill over which the refuse is dumped into the hopper should be as low as possible.
Another problem encountered in using rear loaders for residential collection is that often relatively large objects are included in the refuse and the rear loader must be capable of handling these objects without jamming. Furthermore, the rear loader mechanism should effe stively reduce the volume of refuse, so that the refuse can be packed into the interior of the truck body at a maximum density.
The controls of the rear loader should be easy to operate and permit the operator to stop the mechanism at any point in the cycle and to repeat the cycle, if necessary. Some conventional rear loader mechanisms must run through the entire cycle before it can be repeated. This means that a longer time is required for the loading and packing operation.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION controls.
These objects are accomplished in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention by rear loader apparatus including a housing with a refuse receiving opening at the rear and a discharge opening at the front side communicating with the interior of the vehicle body. A hopper is positioned in the bottom of the housing and has a support surface between the refuse receiving opening and the discharge opening. A panel extends across the housing and is supported on arms for swinging movement about a shaft. A packer plate is pivotally mounted on the panel for swinging about an axis parallel to the panel pivot axis. Power means moves the packer plate in opposition to the hopper surface to compress the refuse, and subsequently along the hopper surface to sweep the compressed refuse through the discharge opening into the vehicle body, where it is subjected to further compression.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Certain embodiments are illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a refuse collection vehicle incorporating the rear loader apparatus of this invention:
FIG. 2 is a rear elevational view of the vehicle in FIG.
FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view, partially schematic, along the line 3-3 in FIG. 2, showing in full lines the starting and the final position of the packer plate at the completion of the compaction step in the cycle, and showing in phantom lines the packer plate in a raised position;
FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view of the apparatus along the line 4-4 in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a cross sectional view, partially schematic, of the rear loader apparatus, with the panel and packer plate in a raised position;
FIG. 6 is a cross sectional view, partially schematic, as in FIG. 5, but showing the panel and packer plate during the second phase of the cycle;
FIG. 7 is a cross sectional view, partially schematic, as in FIG. 5, but showing the panel and packer plate in the intermediate phase of the cycle;
FIG. 8 is a cross sectional view, partially schematic, as in FIG. 5, but showing the panel and packer plate during the final phase of the cycle;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the hydraulic circuit for operating the rear loader apparatus of this invention;
FIG. 10 is a detail cross sectional view of the hopper and packer plate as in FIG. 7, but showing the apparatus modified to include bag opening teeth; and
FIG. 1 1 is a section at right angles thereto on the line 1l-ll in FIG. 10.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A vehicle in which the rear loader apparatus of this invention is incorporated, is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. The vehicle includes a chassis 2 on which a refuse body 4 is secured. The body 4 has opposite side walls 6 and a top wall 8, which are suitably braced to resist deflection due to the pressures exerted by the contents of the body 4.
An ejector plate 10 is mounted in the interior of the body 4 for reciprocating movement between front and rear positions. The ejector plate is shown in the rear position in FIG. 1. The ejector plate extends across the full width of the body 4 between the side walls 6 and between the top 8 and the bottom of the body 4. Thus, the ejector plate forms a movable front wall for the body 4. A telescoping hydraulic ram 12 extends between a bracket on the top 8 of the body and a bracket at the bottom of the ejector plate 10. Extension of the ram 12 displaces the ejector plate 10 toward the rear of the body 4, while retraction of the ram 12 displaces the ejector plate toward the front of the body.
A tailgate assembly 14 is mounted on hinges 16 at the rear of the body 4. The tailgate assembly 14 has side walls 18 and a top 20. The side walls 18 are spaced apart approximately the same distance as the side walls 6 of the body, so that the tailgate assembly 14 forms a closure for the rear end of the body 4. Latches 22 adjacent the bottom of the body 4 are provided on opposite sides of the tailgate assembly 14. These latches are preferably of the type having screw threads for drawing the tailgate assembly 14 firmly against the rear edge of the side walls 6 and the bottom of the body 4. A sealing strip 24 (FIG. 4) extends along the front edge of the side walls 18 and across the bottom edge of the tailgate assembly to prevent leakage between the edges of the tailgate assembly 14 and the body 4. By tightening the latches 22, the sealing strip is compressed to provide an effective seal.
A pair of hydraulic rams 26 are provided on opposite sides of the tailgate assembly 14. The rams 26 are attached at one end to a brace on the side wall 18 and at the opposite end to a bracket on the side wall 6 of the body. By releasing the latches 22 and extending the rams 26, the tailgate assembly 14 can be made to swing vertically about the hinges 16 for dumping the contents of the body 4 as the ejector plate 10 is displaced rearwardly.
The tailgate assembly 14 includes a transverse beam 28 and a transverse sill 30 extending between the side walls 18. The refuse receiving opening 32 at the rear of the tailgate assembly 14 is bounded by the beam 28, the sill 30 and the side walls 18. The assembly 14 also includes a front wall 34 (FIGS. 3 and 4) that extends downwardly from the top and across the width of the assembly between the side walls 18, and terminates in a transverse edge 36 along which a scraper bar 38 is attached. The edge 36 of the front wall 34 is spaced above the uppermost edge of the front surface 46 of the hopper 42 to define a discharge opening 41 between the interior of the tailgate assembly and the interior of the vehicle body at the rear of the ejector plate 10. The tip of the hopper projecting up within the body assists in holding trash inside the body. The scraper bar 38 mounted on the lower edge 36 of the front wall 34, projects rearwardly through the opening 41, as shown in FIG. 3.
A hopper 42 is provided in the bottom of the tailgate assembly 14. The hopper includes a rear support surface 44 and a front support surface 46. The surfaces 44 and 46 extend across the width of the tailgate assembly transversely of the vehicle. The rear surface 44 is curved downwardly from the sill 30 and the front surface 46 is curved upwardly from the rear surface 44 to the bottom 40 of the body, where it terminates in an edge that projects through the opening 41.
A transverse shaft 48 is rigidly supported in brackets 49 that are suspended from the beam 28 adjacent each side wall 18. Arms 50 are pivotally mounted on shafts 48 adjacent the opposite sides of the hopper 42. A rigid panel 52 extends between the side walls 18 and is supported at opposite ends on the arms 50. The panel 52 has a curved forward surface preferably formed by a curved metal plate 53 secured upon a skeleton frame 53. A brace 54 extends between each arm 50 and the upper edge of the panel, as shown in FIG. 3. Another brace 54 is secured between each arm 50 and the panel 52 adjacent the lower edge thereof. Thus, the panel 52 is fixed relative to the arms 50 and swings in an are about the shafts 48. The scraper plate 38 is secured to a reinforcing bar on the lower edge of the wall 34 for wiping engagement with the plate 53.
The position of the panel 52 is controlled by a hydraulic ram 55 adjacent each arm 50. Each ram 55 is pivotally mounted at one end on the top wall 20 by a bracket 56, as shown schematically in FIG. 3. A shaft 58 is mounted at the lower edge of the panel 52 adjacent each end of the panel. The end of the piston rod of each ram 55 is pivotally secured on the respective shaft 58. Extension of the pistons in the rams 55 causes the panel 52 to swing downwardly from the position shown in full lines in FIG. 3 to the position shown in FIG. 7. r
A packer plate 60 extends across the tailgate assembly 14 between the side walls 18 and is mounted on a skeleton frame 62 that is suspended for swinging movement on the respective shafts 58. The central axis of the shafts 58 about which the plate 60 and frame 62 swing relative to the panel 52 is parallel to the shaft 48. The cylinder end of a hydraulic ram 64 is pivotally mounted on the axis of the shafts 48 between each arm 50 and the adjacent side wall 18. The piston rod of each ram 64 is pivotally secured to the supporting frame 62 of the plate 60 by a pin 66. Retraction of the pistons in the rams 64 swings the plate 60 upwardly from the position shown in full lines to the position shown in phantom lines in FIG. 3.
Movement of the panel 52 and the packer plate 60 is controlled by the hydraulic circuit shown schematically in FIG. 9. The principal control is a lever operated spool valve 68 having a neutral position B at the center, a cross flow position A at the right end of the spool and a straight flow position C at the left end of the spool. A control handle 70 for operating the spool valve 68 is positioned on the side wall 18 (FIG. 2). When the panel 52 and the plate 60 are in the positions shown in FIG. 3, and the spool valve 68 is positioned as shown in FIG. 9, hydraulic fluid does not flow to either pair of cylinders 55 and 64, and the panel 52 and the packer plate 60 remain stationary. With the panel and packer plate in the positions shown in full lines in FIG. 3, the packer plate 60 may be raised by retracting the piston rods in the rams 64.
A limit switch 72 is mounted under the top wall 20 and has a lever in position to open the switch when the panel is raised to the position shown in FIG. 3. Another limit switch 74 is mounted on the panel brace 54'. A lever on the switch 74 is in position to be engaged by a projection 76 fixed on the frame 62. The switch 74 is open when the lever is engaged by the projection 76. A third limit switch 78 is normally open, but is in position to be closed whenthe handle 70 is displaced to align position C with the inlet and outlet ports for the valve. The limit switches 72, 74 and 78 are connected in parallel circuit with each other. A control valve 80 has a spool that is operated by a solenoid 82. When the solenoid 82 is energized, the cross flow position of the valve is aligned with the inlet and outlet ports. When the solenoid 82 is deenergized, a spring returns the spool to the position shown in FIG. 9. The solenoid 82 is connected with a source of electrical current through the switches 72, 74 and 78, so that if any one of the switches is closed, the solenoid is energized.
Fluid under pressure is supplied by a pump 83 from a tank 84. The fluid flows through a conduit 86 to a manually controlled valve 88 which is normally positioned as shown in FIG. 9 to conduct fluid under pressure to the control valve 68. A solenoid on the engine of the vehicle is connected with the limit switches 72, 74 and 78 so as to advance the throttle when any one of the solenoids is closed to move the spool of the valve 88 to the open position shown in FIG. 9.
Assuming that the packer plate 60 and panel 52 are in the positions shown in full lines in FIG. 3, the cycle is started by moving the handle 70 to displace the straight flow position C of the valve 68 into alignment with the inlet and outlet ports of the valve. This movement of the valve spool closes the limit switch 78, thereby energizing the solenoid 82 to align the cross flow position of the spool with the ports in the valve 80. Hydraulic fluid is conducted under pressure through the conduit 90 to displace the spool of a two-position valve 92 toward the right as viewed in FIG. 9 to align the straight flow section of the spool with the inlet and outlet ports.
Fluid under pressure passes through the conduit 94 and through the valve 92 and a conduit 98 to the end of a three-position spool valve 96. The valve 96 is shown in the neutral position B in which fluid from the pump 83 is returned to the tank 84. Fluid flowing through the conduit 98 displaces the spool valve 96 toward the right as viewed in FIG. 9 to align the position A with the inlet and outlet ports thereby conducting fluid under pressure through the conduit 100 to the rod ends of the rams 64. Fluid is exhausted from the head ends of the rams 64 through a conduit 102 and through the valve 96 to the tank 84. In this condition, the piston rods of the rams 64 pull the packer plate 60 upwardly from the position shown in full lines in FIG. 3 to the position shown in FIG. 5. As soon as the plate 60 swings sufficiently to close the limit switch 74, this switch maintains the solenoid 82 energized and the handle 70 can be released.
Fluid flowing through the conduit 100 to the rod end of the rams 64 is tapped through a conduit 104 which communicates with the end of a spool valve 106 to displace the straight flow section of the spool into alignment with the inlet and outlet ports, as shown in FIG. 9. As soon as the packer rams 64 begin to retract the packer plate, the operating handle 70 can be released to allow the springs to return the spool to the center position, as shown in FIG. 9. Fluid flowing through the valve 92 to the conduit 98 maintains the valve 96 at the cross flow position and the pistons in the rams 64 continue to retract.
When the packer plate 60 has retracted to the position shown in phantom lines in FIG. 3, the frame 62 engages stops 107 mounted on the side walls 18. As a result, the pressure in the conduit 100 increases sufficiently to open an adjustable relief valve 108 which allows fluid to flow under pressure through the conduit 110 to the valve 92, thereby displacing the spool of the valve toward the left (FIG. 9) until the cross flow portion of the valve is aligned with the inlet and outlet ports. This causes fluid under pressure to be conducted through the conduit 112 and through the valve 80 to the valve 96, resulting in the spool of the valve 96 being displaced toward the left until the straight flow section C of the valve spool is aligned with the inlet and outlet ports.
Fluid is then conducted under pressure through the conduit 102 to the head end of the packer rams 64, causing the packer plate 60 to swing downwardly toward the position shown in FIG. 6. At the same time, fluid pressure in the conduit 102 opens the pilot pressure operated check valve 1 14, so that as the pistons in the ram cylinders 64 move outwardly, fluid is exhausted from the rod end and passes through the valve 114 and through the conduit 116 to the conduit 118 which is connected with the head ends of the panel rams 55. As the pistons in the rams 55 extend, fluid exhausted through the rod ends passes into the conduit 120, but the flow to the valve 96 through the conduit 120 is blocked by a check valve 122. Pressure in the conduit 1 18 opens the valve 124, thereby allowing fluid to flow from the conduit 120 through the conduit 118 to the head ends of the panel rams 55.
The differential area between the head ends and rod ends of the pistons in the rams 55 creates a pressure differential which causes fluid to flow through the valve 124 to the panel cylinders 55. Since the head ends of the rams 55 is receiving fluid from the rod ends of both the packer rams 64 and the panel rams 55, it is not necessary to pump fluid from the valve 96 to the rams 55. All of the fluid from the pump 83 is conducted to the packer rams 64. Thus, this system permits the use of a smaller pump without a corresponding decrease in the rate of movement of the packer plate 60 and panel 52.
Both the panel 52 and the packer plate 60 swing downwardly in a coordinated manner along the path shown in FIG. 5 until the free edge of the plate 60 has moved from the position A to the position B. In moving toward the position B, the panel 52 and the plate 60 pass through the position shown in FIG. 6, where it can be seen that refuse in the hopper 42 is compressed between the contoured bottom surfaces 44 and 46 and the descending plate 60 and panel 52.
When the pistons in the rams 55 reach the end of their stroke, movement of the panel 52 stops. Fluid pressure in the conduits and 116 is sufficient to overcome the bias on the relief valve 128 to allow the valve to open and conduct fluid at a predetermined pressure from the rod end of the packer rams 64 to the tank 84. The pressure required to open the valve 128 is adjusted to provide a selected packing force exerted by the plate 60 against the surfaces 44 and 46. Fluid under pressure continues to flow through the conduit 102 to the head end of the packer cylinders 64, thereby causing the free edge of the packer plate 60 to swing through a circular path about the pins 58, as indicated by the path from B to C in FIG. 5. The surface of the hopper 42 is curved to correspond to the path of the free edge of the packer plate as it sweeps along the surface 44 of the hopper. The packer plate 60 is shown in FIG. 7 during its sweeping motion along the surface 44. The location of the hinge pins 58 during this motion causes material to be compressed against the surface 46 as it is conveyed toward the discharge opening 41.
If the material in the hopper 42 prevents the packer plate from swinging downwardly, a check valve 126 the flow of fluid from the valve 96 through the line 116 to the relief valve 128, and a spring biased check valve 132 opens at a predetermined pressure to conduct fluid under pressure through the conduit 134 to the spool valve 106, causing the spool to shift toward the left until the cross flow section is aligned with the inlet and outlet ports. Fluid is then conducted through the conduit 136 to open the pilot operated unloading valve 138, thereby allowing fluid from the head end of the cylinders 55 to flow through the valve 138 to the tank 84.
As soon as the fluid pressure at the head end of the pistons in the rams 55 decreases, the valve 124 closes and the flow from the valve 96 opens the check valve 122 to conduct fluid under pressure to flow to the rod end of the rams 55. At the same time, fluid flows to the head end of the packer rams 64 through the conduit 102 to maintain a predetermined high pressure on the pistons in the rams 64 to urge the packer plate downwardly when the plate reaches a position spaced from the curved front support surface 44 of the hopper. The surface 46 is substantially concentric with the shafts 48, and as the packer plate is carried upwardly by the panel 52, the free edge of the packer plate sweeps along the surface of the hopper 42, as shown schematically by the path c-D in FIG. 5. The final forward position D of the plate 60 is shown in full lines in FIG. 3.
When the panel 52 reaches the position shown in full lines in FIG. 3, the limit switches 72 and 74 are opened by the panel 52 and by the projections 76 on the frame 62. The opening of these switches deenergizes the solenoid 82, thereby allowing the spring to displace the valve spool of the valve 80 to align the straight flow section with the inlet and outlet ports of the valve. Thus, fluid at both ends of the spool in the valve 96 is at tank pressure and the opposing springs cause the valve spool to be centered, thereby shutting off flow of fluid to both the panel cylinders and the packer cylinders. Movement of the panel and packer, therefore, stops and fluid is recirculated through the control valve 96 to the tank 84. A safety relief valve 140 is also included in the circuit supply.
The movement of the panel 52 and packer plate 60 can be stopped at any position of the cycle by lifting an operating lever 142 (FIG. 2) which is adjacent the main lever 70. The lever 142 is connected with the spool of the valve 88, which automatically equalizes the pressure at opposite ends of the spool in the valve 96 to shut off flow of fluid to the panel and packer cylinders. Furthermore, when the valve 88 is in the position shown in FIG. 9, by operating the lever 70 to shift the spool of the valve 68 from one extreme position to the other, the extending movement of the pistons in the panel cylinders 55 followed by retracting movement of the pistons in the panel cylinders can be repeated while the panel 52 is over the support surface 46 (FIG. 7) to agitate the refuse material between the curved surface 53 of the panel and the surface 46. This action tends to break up agglomerated material that otherwise might interfere with compacting in the vehicle body. Similarly, downward movement of the packer plate can be repeated to crush articles in the hopper against the surfaces 44 and 46.
In the event that the refuse in the hopper is so resistant to compression that motion of the packer plate stops, fluid continues to flow to the head ends of the rams 64, but since the refuse prevents movement of the pistons in the rams 64, the relief valve 132 opens, causing the panel rams 55 to swing the panel 52 away from the hopper surface, while maintaining the packer plate at its relative position when its swinging motion is stopped. Thus, the edge of the plate rakes across the refuse in the hopper toward the discharge opening 41 and the cycle can be repeated until the refuse is crushed to a volume small enough to press through the discharge opening. An important feature of the hydraulic system is that the packer plate continues through its cycle even though the refuse is not reduced to its minimum volume. The entire cycle, or portions of the cycle, can be repeated as necessary, and jamming does not occur.
, In operation, the packer plate and panel are initially held stationary in the positions shown in full lines in FIG. 3, and refuse is dumped over the sill 30 into the hopper 42. Upon lifting the handle 70, the packer plate 60 swings away from the opening 41 until it reaches the position shown in FIG. 5. In this position, it is spaced above the refuse in the hopper. The compaction of refuse within the body 4 of the vehicle is usually sufficient to keep most of the material from falling rearwardly through the opening 41.
After the panel and packer plate reach the positions shown in FIG. 5, the rams 55 and 64 extend simultaneously causing the panel 52 to be displaced downwardly, while the packer plate 60 swings downwardly and this coordinated movement causes the edge of the plate 60 to move along the path A-B in FIG. 5. Any objects in the hopper 42 that project into the path of the packer plate are compressed against the hopper surfaces 44 and 46, as shown in FIG. 6. Also, the curved surface 53 of the panel 52 cooperates with the hopper surface 46 to agitate material in the hopper, thereby reducing the column effect and improving subsequent compaction within the body of the vehicle.
When the packer plate reaches the position B shown in FIG. 5, further downward movement of the panel 52 stops. The packer plate 60 then swings downwardly, further compressing the refuse in the hopper and when the packer plate reaches the position shown in FIG. 7, the panel begins to swing upwardly carrying with it; the packer plate which conveys the compressed refuse from the hopper 42 through the discharge opening 41 into the body of the vehicle. The packer plate 60 works in opposition to the ejector head 10 to compress the refuse within the body. The ejector head 10' progressively moves forwardly in the vehicle body to provide increased capacity for the refuse as successive batches of refuse are packed into the body.
The rear loader apparatus of this invention can be conveniently operated by means of the handle and if large objects of refuse are deposited in the hopper 42, the packer plate 60 can be recycled as necessary to reduce the volume of the refuse to a size that will pass through the discharge opening 41, without having to repeat the entire cycle. The crushing action between the packer plate and the bottom of the hopper 42 is sufficient to crush articles of furniture and small appliances, and other bulky articles usually encountered in residential collections.
The shape of the hopper 42 provides a large capacity immediately adjacent the sill 30 of the refuse receiving opening 32. This allows the workmen to dump their containers easily into the hopper without the problem of the hopper overflowing and littering the streets. The panel 52 also swings in opposition to the curved surface 46 of the hopper. This action tends to break up compacted refuse that otherwise might produce a column effect within the vehicle body.
Since the hydraulic fluid from the discharge side of the respective rams 55 and 64 is conducted back to the pressure side of the rams 55, fluid is conserved and the rams are capable of moving the panel and packer plate at a greater rate than otherwise would be possible with a pump of the same capacity. This reduces the overall cost of the rear loader and provides an efficient operatin g cycle.
Refuse is sometimes set out along the route of the loader, in disposable bags of paper or plastic. Plastic bags of refuse can be compacted in the loader, if there is sufficient opening to allow escape of the entrapped air. Paper bags have greater tensile strength and present more of a packing problem unless the bags are opened.
If opening of the bags, either paper or plastic, is desirable, means may be provided in the hopper for opening the bags as the latter are moved through the hopper toward the opening. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, a hopper corresponding to the hopper 42 of FIG. 3 is illustrated, but the hopper of this embodiment has one or more rows of teeth 144 mounted on the bottom surface 46a of the hopper. These teeth may be sufficiently pointed or provided with sharpened edges to assume tearing open of the bags as they are moved by the packer plate 60a.
The packer plate 60a may extend in overlapping relation with the row of teeth 144, if desired. In that I event, a notch 146 is provided for each row of teeth, as
shown in FIG. 11, formed in the lower edge of the packer plate 600.
Thus, upon operation of the packer plate 600 in the manner described above, the bags will be dragged over the row or rows of teeth 144 as shown in FIG. 10, to tear open the bags and thereby allow the refuse to be compacted effectively in the body.
While the invention has been illustrated and described in certain embodiments, it is recognized that other variations and changes may be made therein without departing from the invention as set forth in the claims.
What is claimed is: t
1. Rear loader apparatus comprising:
housing means having a refuse receiving opening at one end and a discharge opening at the opposite end, and having a hopper including a bottom support surface between said receiving and discharge openings;
a panel adjacent said discharge opening, means mounting a plurality of arms in said housing means for swinging movement about a pivot axis, said pivot axis being fixed on said housing means adjacent said refuse receiving opening, said panel being rigidly secured on said arms,
a packer plate, bearing means carried with said panel, said plate being hingedly mounted on said bearing means for swinging about a second axis parallel to said pivot axis;
first power means for swinging said panel in a circular path about said pivot axis toward and away from said support surface, and second power means for swinging said plate about said second axis toward and away from said support surface, whereby movement of said panel and packer plate toward said hopper support surface crushes refuse before being conveyed by said packer plate through said discharge opening.
2. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said arm mounting means includes a transverse shaft adjacent said refuse receiving opening, at least one of said arms being pivotally supported on said shaft.
3. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said panel has an upper edge and a lower edge, said upper edge being spaced a greater distance from said hopper support surface than said lower edge, said second axis being adjacent said plate lower edge.
4. Rear loader apparatus comprising:
housing means having a refuse receiving opening at one end and wall means defining a discharge opening at the opposite end, and having a hopper including a support surface between said receiving and discharge openings;
means mounting a plurality of arms in said housing means for swinging movement about a pivot axis, said pivot axis being fixed on said housing means adjacent said refuse receiving opening;
barrier means secured on said arms and spaced from said pivot axis;
a packer plate, means mounting said plate for movement with said arms and for swinging about a second axis parallel to said pivot axis;
first power means for swinging said arms in a circular path about said pivot axis toward and away from said support surface, and second power means for swinging said plate about said second axis toward and away from said support surface, said barrier means cooperating with said wall means and said packer plate to prevent the entry of refuse between said packer plate and said wall means when said first power means swings said arms toward said support surface,
said hopper support surface includes a rear portion adjacent said refuse receiving opening and a front portion adjacent said discharge opening, said rear portion being substantially concentric with said second axis when said plate is adjacent said hopper support surface, said front portion being arranged in opposition to said packer plate while said plate sweeps along said rear portion, whereby material on said support surface is compressed by said packer plate.
5. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 4 wherein said front portion of said support surface is substantially concentric with said pivot axis for the arms, whereby raising said arms, while holding said packer plate at a predetermined position relative to said arms, causes the edge of the packer plate to sweep along said hopper surface to covey refuse through said discharge opening.
6. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said first power means includes a hydraulic ram mounted between said panel and said housing means, and said second power means includes a hydraulic ram mounted for swinging said packer plate about said pivot axis, whereby operation of said hydraulic rams controls the movement of said panel and packer plate.
7. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 6 wherein said panel is movable between a raised position and a lowered position relative to said hopper surface, said packer plate being movable between a raised position and a lowered position relative to said panel, and means for controlling said panel ram and said plate ram for simultaneous lowering of said panel from said raised position and lowering of said packer plate, whereby the coordinated motion of said panel and said packer plate toward said hopper support surface effectively crushes refuse material against said hopper support surface.
8. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said panel includes a tamping surface, said tamping surface being substantially concentric with said pivot axis for the arms, whereby swinging said panel toward said support surface agitates refuse compressed between said tamping surface and said hopper support surface.
9. In rear loader apparatus of the type having housing means including a refuse receiving opening at one end and a discharge opening at the opposite end communicating with the interior of a vehicle body, and having a hopper with a support surface extending between the receiving and discharge openings, and a packer plate in said housing, means for transferring material from said receiving opening to said discharge opening and packing said material within said vehicle body, the improvement comprising:
a panel, means mounting said panel for swinging movement about an axis adjacent said one end of said housing means, said panel having an upper edge and a lower edge, said upper edge being spaced a greater distance from said hopper support surface than said lower edge, said mounting means maintaining said upper and lower edges at a constant radius from said axis while said panel swings toward and away from said support surface,
said packer plate being hingedly connected with said panel for swinging movement toward and away from said hopper support surface, and
means for simultaneously swinging said panel and said packer plate toward said support surface, whereby said packer plate moves sequentially toward said refuse receiving opening and into engagement with said support surface while compressing any refuse material on said support surface.
10. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 9,
wherein said swinging means include a hydraulic ram connected with said packer plate and a hydraulic ram connected with said panel, and means for conducting fluid under pressure to said packer ram and said panel ram for coordinated movement of the panel and the packer plate.
11. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 10 wherein extending movement of the piston rods of the respective rams moves said packer plate and said panel toward said hopper support surface, said conducting means including means for transferring fluid from the rod end of said packer plate ram combining with fluid from the rod end of said panel ram, whereby the flow of fluid from the packer plate ram to the panel ram coordinates the movement of the packer plate and the panel.
12. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 10, wherein said swinging means includes a manual selector valve for operating both said panel ram and said packer plate ram, and includes means for extending said panel ram and said packer plate ram simultaneously, and subsequently retracting said panel ram while maintaining said packer plate ram extended, whereby the retracting motion of the panel ram causes the packer plate to sweep along the hopper surface toward the discharge opening.
13. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 12 wherein said swinging means includes valve switching means operating in response to fluid pressure in said rams for changing the flow of fluid to and from said rains.
14. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 12 wherein said swinging means includes means for selectively swinging said packer plate away from said support surface by operation of said selector valve.
15. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 12 wherein said swinging means includes a valve having a movable member controlled by a solenoid, a plurality of normally open electrical switches in parallel circuit with each other and in series circuit with said solenoid to energize said solenoid when one of said switches is closed, said switches being mounted for deenergizing said solenoid when both said packer plate is fully lowered and said panel is fully raised relative to said housing means, whereby displacement of said valve member shuts off flow of fluid to said panel and packer rams at the completion of a packing cycle.
16. In a refuse vehicle having a storage body with an opening in its rear end, a tailgate assembly mounted on the body at said rear opening, said assembly comprising a housing having a hopper in the bottom thereof and having a front wall with a discharge opening and having an inlet opening at the rear of said assembly above the hopper, an upright packer plate in the housing extending from side-to-side thereof, support arms in the housing extending from the back of the housing substantially to the front wall thereof, pivotal supports for the arms in suspended relation adjacent the rear of the housing, means pivotally supporting the packer plate on the forward ends of the arms for bodily movement in an up and down direction with the arms and for swinging movement forward and backward in the hopper relative to the arms, power means for swinging the arms on the pivotal supports thereof, and expansible fluid rams adjacent each side of said housing for moving the packer plate on the pivotal supports thereof, said rams being joumalled at one end of the respective pivotal pansible fluid ram journalled at one end adjacent the top of said housing and being journalled at the opposite end on said means pivotally supporting the packer plate.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,696,951 Dated October 10, 1972 Inventor(s) CHARLES R. TOPP INS, ET AL It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column 7, line 9, following "126" insert --prevents--.
Column 7, lines 53 and 54, "circuit su l should read --supply circuit--.
Signed and sealed this 16th day of April 197M.
(SEAL) Attest:
EDWARD PLFLETCHERJR. G. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer y, Commissioner of Patents USCOMM-DC 6037 6-P69 FORM PO-10SO (10-69) x: u.s. GOVERNMENT mmrmc OFFICE: 1909 0-365-33

Claims (17)

1. Rear loader apparatus comprising: housing means having a refuse receiving opening at one end and a discharge opening at the opposite end, and having a hopper including a bottom support surface between said receiving and discharge openings; a panel adjacent said discharge opening, means mounting a plurality of arms in said housing means for swinging movement about a pivot axis, said pivot axis being fixed on said housing means adjacent said refuse receiving opening, said panel being rigidly secured on said arms, a packer plate, bearing means carried with said panel, said plate being hingedly mounted on said bearing means for swinging about a second axis parallel to said pivot axis; first power means for swinging said panel in a circular path about said pivot axis toward and away from said support surface, and second power means for swinging said plate about said second axis toward and away from said support surface, whereby movement of said panel and packer plate toward said hopper support surface crushes refuse before being conveyEd by said packer plate through said discharge opening.
2. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said arm mounting means includes a transverse shaft adjacent said refuse receiving opening, at least one of said arms being pivotally supported on said shaft.
3. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said panel has an upper edge and a lower edge, said upper edge being spaced a greater distance from said hopper support surface than said lower edge, said second axis being adjacent said plate lower edge.
4. Rear loader apparatus comprising: housing means having a refuse receiving opening at one end and wall means defining a discharge opening at the opposite end, and having a hopper including a support surface between said receiving and discharge openings; means mounting a plurality of arms in said housing means for swinging movement about a pivot axis, said pivot axis being fixed on said housing means adjacent said refuse receiving opening; barrier means secured on said arms and spaced from said pivot axis; a packer plate, means mounting said plate for movement with said arms and for swinging about a second axis parallel to said pivot axis; first power means for swinging said arms in a circular path about said pivot axis toward and away from said support surface, and second power means for swinging said plate about said second axis toward and away from said support surface, said barrier means cooperating with said wall means and said packer plate to prevent the entry of refuse between said packer plate and said wall means when said first power means swings said arms toward said support surface, said hopper support surface includes a rear portion adjacent said refuse receiving opening and a front portion adjacent said discharge opening, said rear portion being substantially concentric with said second axis when said plate is adjacent said hopper support surface, said front portion being arranged in opposition to said packer plate while said plate sweeps along said rear portion, whereby material on said support surface is compressed by said packer plate.
5. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 4 wherein said front portion of said support surface is substantially concentric with said pivot axis for the arms, whereby raising said arms, while holding said packer plate at a predetermined position relative to said arms, causes the edge of the packer plate to sweep along said hopper surface to covey refuse through said discharge opening.
6. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said first power means includes a hydraulic ram mounted between said panel and said housing means, and said second power means includes a hydraulic ram mounted for swinging said packer plate about said pivot axis, whereby operation of said hydraulic rams controls the movement of said panel and packer plate.
7. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 6 wherein said panel is movable between a raised position and a lowered position relative to said hopper surface, said packer plate being movable between a raised position and a lowered position relative to said panel, and means for controlling said panel ram and said plate ram for simultaneous lowering of said panel from said raised position and lowering of said packer plate, whereby the coordinated motion of said panel and said packer plate toward said hopper support surface effectively crushes refuse material against said hopper support surface.
8. Rear loader apparatus according to claim 2 wherein said panel includes a tamping surface, said tamping surface being substantially concentric with said pivot axis for the arms, whereby swinging said panel toward said support surface agitates refuse compressed between said tamping surface and said hopper support surface.
9. In rear loader apparatus of the type having housing means including a refuse receiving opening at one end and a discharge opening at the opposite end communicating with the interior of a vehicle body, and having a hoPper with a support surface extending between the receiving and discharge openings, and a packer plate in said housing, means for transferring material from said receiving opening to said discharge opening and packing said material within said vehicle body, the improvement comprising: a panel, means mounting said panel for swinging movement about an axis adjacent said one end of said housing means, said panel having an upper edge and a lower edge, said upper edge being spaced a greater distance from said hopper support surface than said lower edge, said mounting means maintaining said upper and lower edges at a constant radius from said axis while said panel swings toward and away from said support surface, said packer plate being hingedly connected with said panel for swinging movement toward and away from said hopper support surface, and means for simultaneously swinging said panel and said packer plate toward said support surface, whereby said packer plate moves sequentially toward said refuse receiving opening and into engagement with said support surface while compressing any refuse material on said support surface.
10. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said swinging means include a hydraulic ram connected with said packer plate and a hydraulic ram connected with said panel, and means for conducting fluid under pressure to said packer ram and said panel ram for coordinated movement of the panel and the packer plate.
11. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 10 wherein extending movement of the piston rods of the respective rams moves said packer plate and said panel toward said hopper support surface, said conducting means including means for transferring fluid from the rod end of said packer plate ram combining with fluid from the rod end of said panel ram, whereby the flow of fluid from the packer plate ram to the panel ram coordinates the movement of the packer plate and the panel.
12. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 10, wherein said swinging means includes a manual selector valve for operating both said panel ram and said packer plate ram, and includes means for extending said panel ram and said packer plate ram simultaneously, and subsequently retracting said panel ram while maintaining said packer plate ram extended, whereby the retracting motion of the panel ram causes the packer plate to sweep along the hopper surface toward the discharge opening.
13. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 12 wherein said swinging means includes valve switching means operating in response to fluid pressure in said rams for changing the flow of fluid to and from said rams.
14. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 12 wherein said swinging means includes means for selectively swinging said packer plate away from said support surface by operation of said selector valve.
15. In rear loader apparatus according to claim 12 wherein said swinging means includes a valve having a movable member controlled by a solenoid, a plurality of normally open electrical switches in parallel circuit with each other and in series circuit with said solenoid to energize said solenoid when one of said switches is closed, said switches being mounted for deenergizing said solenoid when both said packer plate is fully lowered and said panel is fully raised relative to said housing means, whereby displacement of said valve member shuts off flow of fluid to said panel and packer rams at the completion of a packing cycle.
16. In a refuse vehicle having a storage body with an opening in its rear end, a tailgate assembly mounted on the body at said rear opening, said assembly comprising a housing having a hopper in the bottom thereof and having a front wall with a discharge opening and having an inlet opening at the rear of said assembly above the hopper, an upright packer plate in the housing extending from side-to-side thereof, support arms in the housing extending from the back of the housing substantially to the fronT wall thereof, pivotal supports for the arms in suspended relation adjacent the rear of the housing, means pivotally supporting the packer plate on the forward ends of the arms for bodily movement in an up and down direction with the arms and for swinging movement forward and backward in the hopper relative to the arms, power means for swinging the arms on the pivotal supports thereof, and expansible fluid rams adjacent each side of said housing for moving the packer plate on the pivotal supports thereof, said rams being journalled at one end of the respective pivotal supports for said arms and at the opposite end on said plate.
17. A refuse vehicle according to claim 16 wherein said pivotal supports for the arms are positioned above said inlet opening, said power means including an expansible fluid ram journalled at one end adjacent the top of said housing and being journalled at the opposite end on said means pivotally supporting the packer plate.
US3696951D 1970-07-30 1970-07-30 Refuse collection vehicles Expired - Lifetime US3696951A (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US5945370A 1970-07-30 1970-07-30

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3696951A true US3696951A (en) 1972-10-10

Family

ID=22023048

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3696951D Expired - Lifetime US3696951A (en) 1970-07-30 1970-07-30 Refuse collection vehicles

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US3696951A (en)
CA (1) CA938252A (en)
DE (1) DE2126780C3 (en)
FR (1) FR2097711A5 (en)
GB (2) GB1326109A (en)
NL (1) NL155505B (en)

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS496614A (en) * 1972-05-08 1974-01-21
US3819071A (en) * 1973-03-02 1974-06-25 Carrier Corp Refuse collection vehicle packing head
US3899091A (en) * 1972-06-19 1975-08-12 Sargent Industries Refuse collection apparatus
US3917085A (en) * 1974-05-06 1975-11-04 City Tank Corp Refuse packer control system
US3999669A (en) * 1972-06-19 1976-12-28 Sargent Industries, Inc. Refuse collection apparatus
US4016988A (en) * 1974-12-09 1977-04-12 Norba Aktiebolag Apparatus for introducing waste or the like into a collecting container
US4020962A (en) * 1974-02-18 1977-05-03 Societe D'equipements, Manutentions Et Transports (S.E.M.A.T.) Ejection bottom control device for refuse collection body
US4042133A (en) * 1975-06-06 1977-08-16 Sargent Industries, Inc. Refuse compactor
US4065008A (en) * 1976-08-05 1977-12-27 Carrier Corporation Refuse collection vehicles
US4225277A (en) * 1975-08-28 1980-09-30 Martin Johannes Josef Charging device for furnaces
US4460307A (en) * 1982-08-02 1984-07-17 Dempster Systems Inc. Refuse collection vehicle compaction apparatus
JPS59165806U (en) * 1983-04-20 1984-11-07
US4522551A (en) * 1983-04-18 1985-06-11 Henneberry James W Refuse storage and discharge apparatus
USRE33602E (en) * 1972-06-19 1991-06-04 Sargent Industries, Inc. Refuse collection apparatus
USRE33730E (en) * 1972-06-19 1991-10-29 Sargent Industries, Inc. Refuse collection apparatus
US5158340A (en) * 1991-09-05 1992-10-27 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Tailgate mechanism for rear loading compactor
WO1995030608A1 (en) * 1994-05-05 1995-11-16 The Heil Company Programmable controlled tailgate compaction mechanism
US5478188A (en) * 1994-05-05 1995-12-26 The Heil Company Programmable controlled tailgate compaction mechanism for rear-loading refuse vehicles
US5498067A (en) * 1994-01-14 1996-03-12 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Lifting latch hinge for tailgate on refuse hauler/compactor
US6234739B1 (en) * 1997-05-16 2001-05-22 Wayne Engineering Corporation Compaction mechanism for refuse and recyclables collection vehicles
US6478527B2 (en) * 1999-02-12 2002-11-12 Eckhard Silvan Loading and compacting device for the trash container of a trash-collecting vehicle and a working method therefor
US6485244B1 (en) 2001-07-28 2002-11-26 The Heil Company Dual track assembly for refuse collection equipment
US6719349B2 (en) 2002-03-08 2004-04-13 Caterpillar S.A.R.L. Tailgate assembly
US20040091345A1 (en) * 2002-07-30 2004-05-13 Gary Flerchinger Rear loader collection vehicle with detachable container
CN101676094B (en) * 2008-09-18 2013-06-19 扬州市金威机械有限公司 Compressing head of trash compressing box

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2444771C3 (en) * 1974-09-19 1983-12-01 Fahrzeugbau Haller Gmbh, 7000 Stuttgart Conveyor device for conveying bulk material into a collecting container, in particular garbage container
FR2483372B1 (en) * 1980-05-30 1983-07-18 Colin Marcel
IT1152779B (en) * 1982-05-27 1987-01-14 Bergomi Spa TRUCK FOR WASTE COLLECTION
US4642019A (en) * 1984-12-19 1987-02-10 General Signal Corporation Hydraulic control system and valve therefor
FR2575143B1 (en) * 1984-12-20 1987-03-06 Gruelles Maurice DEVICE FOR COLLECTING AND COMPACTING WASTE OR GARBAGE
DE3821843C2 (en) * 1988-04-08 1990-02-01 Schoerling Gmbh & Co Waggonbau, 3000 Hannover, De
EP0336003A3 (en) * 1988-04-08 1990-06-20 SCHÖRLING GMBH & CO. WAGGONBAU Refuse vehicle
FR2687386B1 (en) * 1992-02-13 1994-05-27 Maurice Gruelles COMPACTION DEVICE FOR VEHICLE FOR TRANSPORTING AND COLLECTING GARBAGE AND WASTE.

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2430973A (en) * 1945-07-16 1947-11-18 Arthur Sicard Vehicular load carrier and collector
US2767867A (en) * 1954-05-07 1956-10-23 David D Wood Refuse vehicle loading device
US3034672A (en) * 1958-09-22 1962-05-15 Edward R Barrett Load packing mechanism for carriers
US3092269A (en) * 1959-04-28 1963-06-04 City Tank Corp Packer assembly
US3455471A (en) * 1967-04-17 1969-07-15 Eagle Eng Co Ltd Refuse collecting vehicles

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2430973A (en) * 1945-07-16 1947-11-18 Arthur Sicard Vehicular load carrier and collector
US2767867A (en) * 1954-05-07 1956-10-23 David D Wood Refuse vehicle loading device
US3034672A (en) * 1958-09-22 1962-05-15 Edward R Barrett Load packing mechanism for carriers
US3092269A (en) * 1959-04-28 1963-06-04 City Tank Corp Packer assembly
US3455471A (en) * 1967-04-17 1969-07-15 Eagle Eng Co Ltd Refuse collecting vehicles

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5139733B2 (en) * 1972-05-08 1976-10-29
JPS496614A (en) * 1972-05-08 1974-01-21
US3884372A (en) * 1972-05-08 1975-05-20 Takehiko Kunii Refuse loader
US3999669A (en) * 1972-06-19 1976-12-28 Sargent Industries, Inc. Refuse collection apparatus
US3899091A (en) * 1972-06-19 1975-08-12 Sargent Industries Refuse collection apparatus
USRE33602E (en) * 1972-06-19 1991-06-04 Sargent Industries, Inc. Refuse collection apparatus
USRE33730E (en) * 1972-06-19 1991-10-29 Sargent Industries, Inc. Refuse collection apparatus
US3819071A (en) * 1973-03-02 1974-06-25 Carrier Corp Refuse collection vehicle packing head
US4020962A (en) * 1974-02-18 1977-05-03 Societe D'equipements, Manutentions Et Transports (S.E.M.A.T.) Ejection bottom control device for refuse collection body
US3917085A (en) * 1974-05-06 1975-11-04 City Tank Corp Refuse packer control system
US4016988A (en) * 1974-12-09 1977-04-12 Norba Aktiebolag Apparatus for introducing waste or the like into a collecting container
US4042133A (en) * 1975-06-06 1977-08-16 Sargent Industries, Inc. Refuse compactor
US4225277A (en) * 1975-08-28 1980-09-30 Martin Johannes Josef Charging device for furnaces
US4065008A (en) * 1976-08-05 1977-12-27 Carrier Corporation Refuse collection vehicles
US4460307A (en) * 1982-08-02 1984-07-17 Dempster Systems Inc. Refuse collection vehicle compaction apparatus
US4522551A (en) * 1983-04-18 1985-06-11 Henneberry James W Refuse storage and discharge apparatus
JPS6326331Y2 (en) * 1983-04-20 1988-07-18
JPS59165806U (en) * 1983-04-20 1984-11-07
US5158340A (en) * 1991-09-05 1992-10-27 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Tailgate mechanism for rear loading compactor
US5498067A (en) * 1994-01-14 1996-03-12 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Lifting latch hinge for tailgate on refuse hauler/compactor
WO1995030608A1 (en) * 1994-05-05 1995-11-16 The Heil Company Programmable controlled tailgate compaction mechanism
US5478188A (en) * 1994-05-05 1995-12-26 The Heil Company Programmable controlled tailgate compaction mechanism for rear-loading refuse vehicles
US6234739B1 (en) * 1997-05-16 2001-05-22 Wayne Engineering Corporation Compaction mechanism for refuse and recyclables collection vehicles
US6398478B2 (en) 1997-05-16 2002-06-04 Wayne Engineering Corporation Compaction mechanism for refuse and recyclables collection vehicles
US6478527B2 (en) * 1999-02-12 2002-11-12 Eckhard Silvan Loading and compacting device for the trash container of a trash-collecting vehicle and a working method therefor
US6485244B1 (en) 2001-07-28 2002-11-26 The Heil Company Dual track assembly for refuse collection equipment
US6719349B2 (en) 2002-03-08 2004-04-13 Caterpillar S.A.R.L. Tailgate assembly
US20040091345A1 (en) * 2002-07-30 2004-05-13 Gary Flerchinger Rear loader collection vehicle with detachable container
US7066705B1 (en) 2002-07-30 2006-06-27 The Heil Company Rear loader collection vehicle with detachable container
CN101676094B (en) * 2008-09-18 2013-06-19 扬州市金威机械有限公司 Compressing head of trash compressing box

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE2126780B2 (en) 1973-04-19
GB1326109A (en) 1973-08-08
NL155505B (en) 1978-01-16
DE2126780C3 (en) 1973-11-08
GB1326108A (en) 1973-08-08
CA938252A (en) 1973-12-11
NL7101525A (en) 1972-02-01
FR2097711A5 (en) 1972-03-03
DE2126780A1 (en) 1972-02-03

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3696951A (en) Refuse collection vehicles
US4085857A (en) Front end loader with improved apparatus for operating the lifting arms
US4230359A (en) Front end loader
US4422814A (en) Ground level dump unit
US5316430A (en) Material collecting and hauling apparatus
US3921839A (en) Packing and ejecting means for a refuse truck
US3490631A (en) Refuse collecting apparatus
US2750055A (en) Refuse compressor mechanism for vehicles
US5427496A (en) Apparatus for packing separated materials
US3252600A (en) Cycling compactor and ejection system for bulk material
US3143230A (en) Refuse vehicle
US3232463A (en) Refuse collection and packer body
US3837512A (en) Refuse truck container handling mechanism
US4260316A (en) Refuse collection vehicle
US4065008A (en) Refuse collection vehicles
US3767068A (en) Packer blade for a rear loader refuse vehicle
US3325024A (en) Trash loading and transporting vehicle
US4406573A (en) Device for loading and compacting rubbish in a fixed or mobile receptacle
US3786946A (en) Refuse collection vehicles
US2767867A (en) Refuse vehicle loading device
US3746192A (en) Tailgate for a rear loader refuse vehicle
US3779409A (en) Container dumping mechanism for a rear loader refuse vehicle
US3647098A (en) Dump body pivot system and lock
US3905497A (en) Automated refuse collection vehicle
US3280994A (en) Refuse collecting vehicle

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
STCF Information on status: patent grant

Free format text: PATENTED FILE - (OLD CASE ADDED FOR FILE TRACKING PURPOSES)

AS Assignment

Owner name: SANWA BUSINESS CREDIT CORPORATION A DE CORPORATI

Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DEMPSTER, INC., A CORPORATION OF OH;REEL/FRAME:005709/0052

Effective date: 19910304