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US3691964A - Pallet - Google Patents

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Publication number
US3691964A
US3691964A US3691964DA US3691964A US 3691964 A US3691964 A US 3691964A US 3691964D A US3691964D A US 3691964DA US 3691964 A US3691964 A US 3691964A
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US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
pallet
foot
platform
body
end
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Louis P Larson
Edward F Repking
Gary L Wagner
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Gaylord Container Corp
Original Assignee
James River Corp of Nevada
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/0004Rigid pallets without side walls
    • B65D19/0006Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/0008Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface
    • B65D19/002Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element
    • B65D19/0024Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces
    • B65D19/0028Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces and each contact surface having a discrete foot-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/0004Rigid pallets without side walls
    • B65D19/0006Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/0008Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface
    • B65D19/001Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/0012Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K13/00Conveying record carriers from one station to another, e.g. from stack to punching mechanism
    • G06K13/02Conveying record carriers from one station to another, e.g. from stack to punching mechanism the record carrier having longitudinal dimension comparable with transverse dimension, e.g. punched card
    • G06K13/08Feeding or discharging cards
    • G06K13/10Feeding or discharging cards from magazine to conveying arrangement
    • G06K13/103Feeding or discharging cards from magazine to conveying arrangement using mechanical means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
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    • B65D2519/00009Materials
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    • B65D2519/00019Paper
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    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00084Materials for the non-integral separating spacer
    • B65D2519/00104Plastic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00084Materials for the non-integral separating spacer
    • B65D2519/00114Combination, e.g. different elements made of different materials, laminates
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00263Overall construction of the pallet
    • B65D2519/00273Overall construction of the pallet made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00263Overall construction of the pallet
    • B65D2519/00278Overall construction of the pallet the load supporting surface and the base surface being identical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00283Overall construction of the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00293Overall construction of the load supporting surface made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00318Overall construction of the base surface made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00343Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface being substantially in the form of a panel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00368Overall construction of the non-integral separating spacer
    • B65D2519/00373Overall construction of the non-integral separating spacer whereby at least one spacer is made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00398Overall construction reinforcements
    • B65D2519/00432Non-integral, e.g. inserts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
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    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00557Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00557Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements
    • B65D2519/00562Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements chemical connection, e.g. glued, welded, sealed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
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    • B65D2519/00557Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements
    • B65D2519/00567Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements mechanical connection, e.g. snap-fitted
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    • B65D2519/00736Details
    • B65D2519/0098Dismountable elements
    • B65D2519/00985Dismountable elements the pallet being not usable as a pallet after dismounting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S108/00Horizontally supported planar surfaces
    • Y10S108/901Synthetic plastic industrial platform, e.g. pallet
    • Y10S108/902Made with deformable integral fastening elements

Abstract

A pallet with single or double decks detachably fastened to pallet feet. The feet are anchored to an upper deck by twisting them into place. The upper deck is apertured on its under side to present tabs for anchoring the feet. The feet are hollow conical frustum bodies and may be stiffened by internally carried cores.

Description

United States Patent Larson et a1.

[s41 PALLET [72] Inventors: Louis P. Larson, Glendale; Edward F. Repking, St. Louis, both of Mo.; Gary L. Wagner, Covington, La.

[73] Assignee: Crown Zellerbaeh Corporation, San Francisco, Calif.

[22 Filed: Oct. 19, 1970 21 Appl. No.: 81,803

[52] US. Cl ..108/51, 108/58 [51] Int. Cl. ..B65d 19/18 [58] Field of Search ..248/188; 85/1 L;

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS [151 3,691,964 I451 Sept. 19,1972

Primary Examiner-Bobby R. Gay

Assistant Examiner-Glenn O. Finch Attorney-Kolisch & Hartwell [57] ABSTRACT A pallet with single or double decks detachably fastened to pallet feet. The feet are anchored to an upper deck by twisting them into place. The upper deck is apertured on its under side to present tabs for anchoring the feet. The feet are hollow conical frustum bodies and may be stiffened by internally car- 3,407,758 10/ 1968 v Simkins ..108/51 fled cores.

2,398,374 5/1946 Hartman ..151/41 2,255,649 9/1941 Burke ..-......l5 1/41 9 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENTED I972 3.691. 964

sum 1 or 2 GARY L..WAGNER LOUIS I? LARSON EDWARD F REPKING INVENTORS BY km 1 HM HHys.

PATENTED E? I 9 I SHEET 2 [IF 2 GARY L.WAGNER LOUIS P. LARSON EDWARD EREFKING INVENTORS BY KM 4 NM PALLET This invention relates to a pallet, and more particularly, to a pallet having detachable feet supporting a deck or platform therein in an elevated position.

A general object of the invention is to provide a new and useful pallet with detachable feet. With the construction contemplated, the feet are readily attached to a platform or deck in the pallet to provide a serviceable unit.

Another object of the invention is to provide a pallet which may be constructed'primarily of fiberboard and the like, rendering the pallet producible at relatively low'cost. The pallet contemplated can withstand normal wear and tear over a substantial period of time.

Another and more specific object of the invention is to provide a pallet with detachable feet, where a foot is secured in place projecting from the underside of a platform in the pallet through means which becomes interengaged through applying a twisting action to the foot. This eliminates the need for gluing, taping, stitching, or using other auxiliary fastening means in securing a foot in place.

Pallets may be constructed according to the invention which require little space during storage. Thus, the feet in the pallet may be stored separately from the platform with multiple feet fitting one within another to form a nested stack. The platforms, which are substantially flat with the feet removed, may be stacked one against the other in a pile.

Not only may the feet be readily secured to a platform, but they also may easily be removed at some later date if it should be desired to break down the pallet, or in the event replacement of a foot is necessary.

A further feature and object of the invention is the provision of a pallet which may be produced either as a single or a double deck unit, the particular type of construction which is selected depending upon the conditions under which the pallet is used.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention, will become more fully apparent as the following description, read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a side elevation of a double-deck pallet constructed according to an embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a view of the bottom of the pallet shown in FIG. 1, with portions of the bottom deck in the pallet broken away and a foot removed to illustrate details of construction;

FIG. 3 illustrates, on a somewhat larger scale, one of the feet in the pallet, with portions of such foot broken awa FIG. 4 is a view looking at the base of the foot illustrated in FIG. 3; and

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view, on an even larger scale, further illustrating how a foot is secured in place.

Referring initially to FIGS. 1 and 2, the pallet illustrated is a double deck, four-way entry pallet including a top deck or platform 10 upon which the load to be supported is deposited, multiple feet 12 anchored to the top deck and serving to support the top deck in an elevated position, and a lower deck or platform 14 secured to the bottom of feet 12. The pallet is referred to as a four-way entry pallet, since the distribution of the feet, as shown in FIG. 2, permits the usual tines or forks of a lift truck to be inserted under the upper deck with such moved inwardly from either of four sides of the pallet.

As indicated earlier, the pallet may be'constructed primarily of material such as fiberboard with such a construction resulting in a relatively lightweight, and economies in the production of the pallet. A construction such as might be utilized is perhaps best illustrated in FIG. 5, where portions of the upper deck or platform are shown in cross section. Referring to this FIG. the construction illustrated comprises a panel made up of a solid fiberboard sheet 16, and bonded to the underside of the sheet one sheet of doublewall corrugated fiberboard shown at 20. These various sheets normally are imperforate', and collectively constitute what is referred to herein as an upper layer in the platform or deck. Suitably bonded to the lower face of sheet 20 is another solid fiberboard sheet 22. This sheet, which formsthe underside of the platform, is apertured in a manner to be described, for the purpose of enabling the anchoring of feet to the platform. Sheet 22 is also referred to herein as a lower layer in the platform.

Considering now in more detail the construction of a foot, and referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, each comprises a hollow, conical frustum body 24 having an open top, as perhaps best illustrated by the edge 26 in FIG. 3 which defines such opening. The body is closed off at its bottom or base by a wall 28. Such body is preferably made of a light weight, stiff material, such as a polyethylene or polystyrene plastic. Such material is scuff and wear resistant, and has a limited degree of flexibility.

Integrally joined to the larger diameter or upper end of body 24, and equally circumferentially distributed about the bodys axis are multiple, arcuate, peripheral thread segments 30. These are carried radially outwardly on the body. In the particular embodiment of the invention herein described, as shown with reference to foot 12a in FIG. 2 which is shown in its entirety by reason of breaking away portions of the underside of deck 10 in FIG. 2, three of such are provided. Each resembles the thread segment shown in its entirety and in a larger scale in FIG. 4. Each thread segment takes the form of an arcuate flange or flange portion, the major portion 30a of which lies in a plane disposed normal to the axis of the body. This plane is common for all the thread segments. Each thread segment terminates in an inclined, partially freed lead end portion, represented by portion 30b shown in FIGS. 3 and 4. Each inclined portion inclines axially outwardly of the larger diameter end of the body 24, and the lead ends of the three flange portions terminate in a common plane extending normal to the axis of body 24.

Formed along the side of body 24 are channel regions 36, with one being located between the trailing end 300 of a thread segment and the lead end 30b of a circumferentially adjacent thread segment. Each channel region terminates adjacent the larger diameter end of the hollow body in a skirt such as that shown at 38, which parallels major portions 30a of the segments but is spaced a slight distance axially inwardly on the body 24 from the larger diameter end of the body. Each skirt at one end joins with the trailing end of a thread segment which is immediately adjacent one end, through a shoulder 40 (see FIG. 3). The opposite end 41 of a skirt is unjoined.

Continuing with a description of a foot, wall 28 at the smaller diameter or lower end of body 24 is formed with a substantially cylindrically shaped recessed region or indent 42. As seen in FIG. 3, extending about the interior of the indent is an annular ridge 44.

A foot may be stiffened by including within the interior of its body 24 a core, such as the one shown at 46 in FIG.- 3 in dashed outline. The core may take the form of a winding of corrugated board, the winding having a hollow center48 whereby it may sit as shown in FIG. 3 with its lower end seated over the protrusion within the body formed by indent 42. The core when seated within the hollow body has atop face lying substantially in the plane of the tops of portions 30a of the thread segments and edge 26.

Considering again the panel forming the upper platform or deck in the pallet, and referring to FIG. 2, the lower layer in the panel, i.e., fiberboard sheet 22, is apertured in the region where a foot is to be anchored, by a cutout 50. As shown in FIG. 2, such includes arcuate sweeps 50a curving on. a common radius about point 51, and notched regions 50b. By the provision of such a cutout, between adjacent notched regions cir-' cumferentially spaced tabs 52 are formed. In the region of these tabs sheet 22 on the underside of the panel is left unjoined to the layer formed of sheets 16, 18 and 20.

- A foot is detachably anchored to the panel forming the upper deck in the pallet by placing the larger diameter end of the-body in the foot over cutout 50, with inclined lead end portions 30b disposed over notched regions 50b. The foot portion is also properly centered, by placing the axis of its body 24 over point 51 at the center of the cutout. Prior to placement of the foot, the stiffener, if it is to be used, may be properly seated within the interior of body 24. If the foot is then turned by twisting the body about its longitudinal axis, the thread segments are caused to be advanced under the tabs- 52. The lead end portions, by inclining outwardly beyond the plane of portions 300 facilitate initial movement of the thread segments under the tabs. Such movement is continued until skirts 38, which have substantially the outline of notched regions 50b, move into registry with these notched regions. On this occurring, shoulders 40 move up against edges 52a of the tabs, to limit further movement. Such shoulders, therefore, function as stop portions in the construction. At this time, edges 52b of the tabs are in approximately the plane of skirt ends 41 whereby they function to inhibit turning in the opposite direction.

With a foot detachably anchored as described, the top face of a core 46 snugly engages the under surface of inner sheet 20. In this way, when the stiffener core is used it provides additional support for a load.

In constructing a single deck pallet, i.e., one that includes only the top deck or platform 10, once the various feet have been anchored to the panel forming the platform the pallet is complete. To prepare a doubledeck pallet including lower deck or platform 14, another panel is secured to the bottom of the various feet, using fastener devices of the type illustrated in FIG. 3.

Referring to FIG. 3, lower deck 14 may take the form of a panel constructed of the same type of material as the panel making up upper deck 10. The panel is provided with a circular cutout 56 in the region of the panel which is to underlie indent 42 of a foot. Shown at 58 is a fastener plug, which may be made of the same material as body 24. The plug comprises a post portion 60 which is substantially cylindrical but slightly tapered, and a terminating flange 62 extending circumferentially about the base of the post portion. Such plug is inserted within the circular aperture, with the post extending therethrough and flange 62 coming up against the bottom face of the panel. The plug is insertable into indent 42, with the posting functioning as a detent when so inserted. To produce a faster grip, an annular groove, such as that shown at 64, may be provided about the post, which register with inner flange or ridge 44 about the interior of indent 42 with the parts in their finally seated position.

From the above, it should be apparent that a very unique pallet has been described, having a number of features and advantages. The same is really assembled from panels and separated feet, through a mechanical anchoring system wherein relative twisting produces interengagement of the parts. The pallet is versatile, being constructible either as a single or double-deck unit. The detachable feet provided are extremely durable, and well enabled to take heavy loading. The'pallet is susceptible of being manufactured from low cost materials, such as the fiberboard material described. The pallet is light, is easily decorated or painted, and can be made moisture resistant by treatment. Once assembled, it can be as easily disassembled with reverse twisting of the various feet. 1

Because the feet are formed of hollow, conical frustum bodies, which are open at the top ends, and because the thread segments or flanges are carried radially outwardly of the larger diameter ends of the bodies, the interior of the bodies are left unencumbered and multiple bodies may be readily stacked one within another in a nested relationship. This is also a contributing factor in space saving during storage periods.

While a particular embodiment of the invention has been described, it is appreciated that changes and variations are possible. It is desired to cover all such modifications of the invention as would be apparent to one skilled in the art.

It is claimed and desired to secure by Letters Patent:

1. A pallet comprising a platform including at least two sheet layers lying against each other with one forming the underside of the platform, an aperture in said one layer defining tabs circumferentially distributed about a point on the pallet platform, and a detachable foot for the pallet including peripheral flange portions at one end thereof insertable under said tabs to hold the foot in place, said foot comprising a hollow conical frustum body and said peripheral flange portions being carried radially outwardly on the larger diameter end of said body, said body being open at its larger diameter end thus to accommodate nesting of multiple bodies, one within the other.

2. The pallet of claim 1, which further comprises another platform disposed against the smaller diameter end of said body in said foot, said foot includes an indent at its said smaller diameter end, and detent means on said other platform fits within said indent to secure said other platform to said foot.

3. The pallet of claim 1, wherein said foot further comprises a stiffener core mounted within said body which bears against the other layer in said platform, and the smaller diameter end of said body has a wall closing it off to retain the core within said body.

4. A pallet comprising a platform providing a worksupporting surface in the pallet and having an underside, and

feet adapted to be anchored to said plateform serving to elevate the platform during use of the pallet,

a foot in said pallet including a body having an axis which is normal to the platform with the foot in operative position, and thread means extending about said axis of said body, said thread means comprising multiple thread segments equally circumferentially distributed about the axis of the foot having lead ends terminating in a substantially common plane normal to said axis,

said platform including thread complementing means exposed on the underside thereof engageable with the thread means of the foot for the purpose of detachably securing the foot to the platform, said thread complementing means of the pallet platform comprising radially projecting tabs equally circumferentially distributed about a point on the underside of the platform engageable with the thread segments of a foot, said platform including portions overlying said tabs cooperating with said tabs in engaging sides of said segments.

5. The pallet of claim 1, wherein a foot includes stop portions interspersed with said thread segments limiting turning movement of the foot. 1

6. The pallet of claim 1, wherein the thread means in a foot comprises thread segments carried extemaily thereon and the complementing thread means of the pallet platform comprises tabs projecting radially inwardly and providing an internally engaging construction for said thread means of a' foot.

7. The pallet of claim 1, wherein the underside of the platform is formed by a sheet apertured to present said tabs.

8. The pallet of claim 1, wherein the platform comprises at least two sheet layers lying against each other, one forming the underside of the platform and such one layer being apertured to present said tabs, the other layer forming an abutment surface which the foot bears against.

9. A pallet comprising a platform including at least two sheet layers lying against each other with one forming the underside of the platform, an aperture in said one layer defining tabs circumferentially distributed about a point on the pallet platform, a detachable foot for the pallet including peripheral flange portions at one end thereof insertable under said tabs'to hold the foot in place, said foot comprising a hollow body and said flange portions extending radially outwardly of said body at said one end of the foot, said body being opened at said one end of the foot and the opposite end of said body forming the opposite end of the foot having a wall closing off said body, the foot further comprising a stiffener core mounted within said body which bears against the other layer in said platform and which is retained by said wall in said body, said wall having an indent and said core being recessed to receive the indent of said wall, and another platform disposed against said opposite end of said foot, said other platform having a detent which fits within said indent.

Claims (9)

1. A pallet comprising a platform including at least two sheet layers lying against each other with one forming the underside of the platform, an aperture in said one layer defining tabs circumferentially distributed about a point on the pallet platform, and a detachable foot for the pallet including peripheral flange portions at one end thereof insertable under said tabs to hold the foot in place, said foot comprising a hollow conical frustum body and said peripheral flange portions being carried radially outwardly on the larger diameter end of said body, said body being open at its larger diameter end thus to accommodate nesting of multiple bodies, one within the other.
2. The pallet of claim 1, which further comprises another platform disposed against the smaller diameter end of said body in said foot, said foot includes an indent at its said smaller diameter end, and detent means on said other platform fits within said indent to secure said other platform to said foot.
3. The pallet of claim 1, wherein said foot further comprises a stiffener core mounted within said body which bears against the other layer in said platform, and the smaller diameter end of said body has a wall closing it off to retain the core within said body.
4. A pallet comprising a platform providing a work-supporting surface in the pallet and having an underside, and feet adapted to be anchored to said plateform serving to elevate the platform during use of the pallet, a foot in said pallet including a body having an axis which is normal to the platform with the foot in operative position, and thread means extending about said axis of said body, said thread means comprising multiple thread segments equally circumferentially distributed about the axis of the foot having lead ends terminating in a substantially common plane normal to said axis, said platform including thread complementing means exposed on the underside thereof engageable with the thread means of the foot for the purpose of detachably securing the foot to the platform, said thread complementing means of the pallet platform comprising radially projecting tabs equally circumferentially distributed about a point on the underside of the platform engageable with the thread segments of a foot, said platform including portions overlying said tabs cooperating with saiD tabs in engaging sides of said segments.
5. The pallet of claim 1, wherein a foot includes stop portions interspersed with said thread segments limiting turning movement of the foot.
6. The pallet of claim 1, wherein the thread means in a foot comprises thread segments carried externally thereon and the complementing thread means of the pallet platform comprises tabs projecting radially inwardly and providing an internally engaging construction for said thread means of a foot.
7. The pallet of claim 1, wherein the underside of the platform is formed by a sheet apertured to present said tabs.
8. The pallet of claim 1, wherein the platform comprises at least two sheet layers lying against each other, one forming the underside of the platform and such one layer being apertured to present said tabs, the other layer forming an abutment surface which the foot bears against.
9. A pallet comprising a platform including at least two sheet layers lying against each other with one forming the underside of the platform, an aperture in said one layer defining tabs circumferentially distributed about a point on the pallet platform, a detachable foot for the pallet including peripheral flange portions at one end thereof insertable under said tabs to hold the foot in place, said foot comprising a hollow body and said flange portions extending radially outwardly of said body at said one end of the foot, said body being opened at said one end of the foot and the opposite end of said body forming the opposite end of the foot having a wall closing off said body, the foot further comprising a stiffener core mounted within said body which bears against the other layer in said platform and which is retained by said wall in said body, said wall having an indent and said core being recessed to receive the indent of said wall, and another platform disposed against said opposite end of said foot, said other platform having a detent which fits within said indent.
US3691964A 1970-10-19 1970-10-19 Pallet Expired - Lifetime US3691964A (en)

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Cited By (28)

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US3804032A (en) * 1972-10-02 1974-04-16 L Baucom Pallet and pallet leg
US3915099A (en) * 1972-10-02 1975-10-28 Wonder Ind Inc Support column and disposable pallet structure
US4799433A (en) * 1987-02-06 1989-01-24 Menasha Corporation Large capacity shipping pallet assembly
US4843976A (en) * 1988-08-09 1989-07-04 Pigott Maurice J Plastic pallet
DE4100405A1 (en) * 1990-08-11 1992-02-13 Stabernack Gmbh Gustav Pallet of folded corrugated paper - has baseplate to which are fixed legs made of elongated spiral coils of corrugated material
US5097951A (en) * 1990-10-16 1992-03-24 Nucon Corporation Unit load assembly for spools
US5191843A (en) * 1991-12-24 1993-03-09 Asaa Technologies, Inc. Pallet with molded plastic pallet spacer feet
US5197396A (en) * 1991-08-05 1993-03-30 Penda Corporation Double deck plastic pallet
DE4134849A1 (en) * 1991-10-22 1993-04-29 Oeco Team Unternehmens Und Umw Transport and storage system
US5320048A (en) * 1990-04-02 1994-06-14 Gideon Feiner Panel structures formed by extrusion
US5413052A (en) * 1991-08-05 1995-05-09 Trienda Corporation Plastic pallet with two decks
US5492069A (en) * 1994-07-18 1996-02-20 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Pallet assembly
US5555820A (en) * 1988-03-01 1996-09-17 Shuert; Lyle H. Pallet with plastic legs
WO1996035620A1 (en) * 1995-05-10 1996-11-14 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Loading platform with dismountable legs
US5579686A (en) * 1988-08-09 1996-12-03 Nucon Corporation Plastic pallet assembly
US5588374A (en) * 1991-10-22 1996-12-31 Oeco-Team Unfernehmens-Und Umweltberatung Gmbh Transport and storage system and applicable support and mounting equipment
US5666886A (en) * 1994-07-18 1997-09-16 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Pallett assembly
US5676064A (en) * 1996-04-22 1997-10-14 Shuert; Lyle H. Pallet and pallet package
ES2117539A1 (en) * 1995-05-10 1998-08-01 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Loading platform with dismantleable feet
US5794544A (en) * 1996-04-22 1998-08-18 Shuert; Lyle H. Plastic pallet
ES2130021A2 (en) * 1996-01-18 1999-06-16 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Method for manufacturing loading platforms with replaceable feet.
US5996508A (en) * 1992-11-13 1999-12-07 Cadillac Products, Inc. Plastic pallet
US6357366B1 (en) * 1999-02-05 2002-03-19 Menasha Corporation Rackable molded pallet
US20050229819A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-10-20 Hollander David S Hybrid shipping pallet system
US20060130712A1 (en) * 2004-12-20 2006-06-22 Shih-Chieh Wang Pallet structure
US20080210138A1 (en) * 2005-01-13 2008-09-04 Satoru Ishibashi Paperboard Three-Dimensionally Molded Pallet
DE102008047856A1 (en) * 2008-09-18 2010-04-01 Schoeller Arca Systems Gmbh large containers
FR2966440A1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-04-27 Sogemap Injection Foot for transporting wooden pallet, has upper part located adjacent to main radial edge of lower flange, and ramp engaged in radial slot of orifice of plate to guide radial edge of plate in groove by rotation of foot around vertical axis

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US2673700A (en) * 1951-10-22 1954-03-30 Daniel A Eberhardt Pallet
US2973233A (en) * 1958-10-02 1961-02-28 John E Mcphee Disengageable leg assembly
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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3804032A (en) * 1972-10-02 1974-04-16 L Baucom Pallet and pallet leg
US3915099A (en) * 1972-10-02 1975-10-28 Wonder Ind Inc Support column and disposable pallet structure
US4799433A (en) * 1987-02-06 1989-01-24 Menasha Corporation Large capacity shipping pallet assembly
US5555820A (en) * 1988-03-01 1996-09-17 Shuert; Lyle H. Pallet with plastic legs
US4843976A (en) * 1988-08-09 1989-07-04 Pigott Maurice J Plastic pallet
US5579686A (en) * 1988-08-09 1996-12-03 Nucon Corporation Plastic pallet assembly
US5320048A (en) * 1990-04-02 1994-06-14 Gideon Feiner Panel structures formed by extrusion
DE4100405A1 (en) * 1990-08-11 1992-02-13 Stabernack Gmbh Gustav Pallet of folded corrugated paper - has baseplate to which are fixed legs made of elongated spiral coils of corrugated material
US5097951A (en) * 1990-10-16 1992-03-24 Nucon Corporation Unit load assembly for spools
US5197396A (en) * 1991-08-05 1993-03-30 Penda Corporation Double deck plastic pallet
US5413052A (en) * 1991-08-05 1995-05-09 Trienda Corporation Plastic pallet with two decks
DE4134849A1 (en) * 1991-10-22 1993-04-29 Oeco Team Unternehmens Und Umw Transport and storage system
US5588374A (en) * 1991-10-22 1996-12-31 Oeco-Team Unfernehmens-Und Umweltberatung Gmbh Transport and storage system and applicable support and mounting equipment
US5191843A (en) * 1991-12-24 1993-03-09 Asaa Technologies, Inc. Pallet with molded plastic pallet spacer feet
US5996508A (en) * 1992-11-13 1999-12-07 Cadillac Products, Inc. Plastic pallet
US5492069A (en) * 1994-07-18 1996-02-20 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Pallet assembly
US5666886A (en) * 1994-07-18 1997-09-16 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Pallett assembly
US5799586A (en) * 1995-05-10 1998-09-01 Videcart S.A. Loading platform with dismountable legs and method for manufacturing loading platforms with dismount legs
ES2117539A1 (en) * 1995-05-10 1998-08-01 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Loading platform with dismantleable feet
WO1996035620A1 (en) * 1995-05-10 1996-11-14 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Loading platform with dismountable legs
ES2130021A2 (en) * 1996-01-18 1999-06-16 Casanovas Jaime Teixidor Method for manufacturing loading platforms with replaceable feet.
US5794544A (en) * 1996-04-22 1998-08-18 Shuert; Lyle H. Plastic pallet
US5676064A (en) * 1996-04-22 1997-10-14 Shuert; Lyle H. Pallet and pallet package
US6357366B1 (en) * 1999-02-05 2002-03-19 Menasha Corporation Rackable molded pallet
US20050229819A1 (en) * 2004-03-03 2005-10-20 Hollander David S Hybrid shipping pallet system
US20060130712A1 (en) * 2004-12-20 2006-06-22 Shih-Chieh Wang Pallet structure
US20080210138A1 (en) * 2005-01-13 2008-09-04 Satoru Ishibashi Paperboard Three-Dimensionally Molded Pallet
DE102008047856A1 (en) * 2008-09-18 2010-04-01 Schoeller Arca Systems Gmbh large containers
CN102159466B (en) 2008-09-18 2013-06-12 舒乐阿卡系统有限公司 Large container
FR2966440A1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-04-27 Sogemap Injection Foot for transporting wooden pallet, has upper part located adjacent to main radial edge of lower flange, and ramp engaged in radial slot of orifice of plate to guide radial edge of plate in groove by rotation of foot around vertical axis

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