US3691704A - Hollow sphere and structural elements for constructing same - Google Patents

Hollow sphere and structural elements for constructing same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3691704A
US3691704A US3691704DA US3691704A US 3691704 A US3691704 A US 3691704A US 3691704D A US3691704D A US 3691704DA US 3691704 A US3691704 A US 3691704A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
structural elements
sphere
tongues
recesses
surfaces
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Phillip J Novak
Original Assignee
Phillip J Novak
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Phillip J Novak filed Critical Phillip J Novak
Priority to US3874470A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3691704A publication Critical patent/US3691704A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/06Patience; Other games for self-amusement
    • A63F9/12Three-dimensional jig-saw puzzles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/04Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts
    • A63H33/06Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements
    • A63H33/062Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts to be assembled without the use of additional elements with clip or snap mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D88/00Large containers
    • B65D88/02Large containers rigid
    • B65D88/04Large containers rigid spherical
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B1/3211Structures with a vertical rotation axis or the like, e.g. semi-spherical structures
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/06Patience; Other games for self-amusement
    • A63F9/10Two-dimensional jig-saw puzzles
    • A63F2009/1094Two-dimensional jig-saw puzzles non-planar
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/06Patience; Other games for self-amusement
    • A63F9/12Three-dimensional jig-saw puzzles
    • A63F9/1208Connections between puzzle elements
    • A63F2009/1216Connections between puzzle elements using locking or binding pins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/06Patience; Other games for self-amusement
    • A63F9/12Three-dimensional jig-saw puzzles
    • A63F2009/124Three-dimensional jig-saw puzzles with a final configuration being a sphere
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B2001/327Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures comprised of a number of panels or blocs connected together forming a self-supporting structure
    • E04B2001/3276Panel connection details
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S52/00Static structures, e.g. buildings
    • Y10S52/10Polyhedron

Abstract

A plurality of structural elements, having dished bodies presenting convex outer and concave inner surfaces and corresponding in shape to that of a geometrical subsection of an even fractional portion of a spherical shell, are closely associated and preferably interfitted by means of broad and flat tongues and corresponding recesses, that are spaced below such convex outer surfaces and preferably lie substantially wholly between the convex and concave surfaces, to form a hollow sphere. Both the tongues and recesses have mating nubs for interlocking the individual elements together when interfitted to form a sphere. The structural elements can either be positively secured to each other or left free for easy disassembly. The convex outer surfaces of various of these structural elements may be colored or otherwise treated differently to provide a patterned exterior surface for the sphere, and the mated contiguous edges of such structural elements may be joined, adhesively or otherwise.

Description

United States Patent Novak [451 Sept. 19, 1972 [54] HOLLOW SPHERE AND STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTING [21] Appl. No.: 38,744

[52] US. Cl. ..52/80, 52/591, 35/46 A, 52/81 [51] Int. Cl. ..E04b 1/32 [58] Field of Search.....52/8l, 80, 591, 589; 35/46 A; 273/157 R, 157 A [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,409,082 3/ 1922 Corbett ..273/157 R 2,406,164 8/ 1946 Raisz ..35/46 A 2,987,318 6/1961 Hammer ..35/46 A X 3,055,123 9/1962 Wiga] ..35/46 A 3,578,331 5/1971 Debast ..35/46 A 2,882,714 4/1959 Gagle ..52/591 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,164,405 2/ 1958 France ..35/46 A 81,512 10/1955 Netherlands ..52/81 Canada ..52/588 Australia ..52/144 Primary Examiner-Frank L. Abbott Assistant Examiner-Henry E. Raduazo Attorney-Mallinckrodt & Cornaby [57] ABSTRACT A plurality of structural elements, having dished bodies presenting convex outer and concave inner surfaces and corresponding in shape to that of a geometrical subsection of an even fractional portion of a spherical shell, are closely associated and preferably interfitted by means of broad and flat tongues and corresponding recesses, that are spaced below such convex outer surfaces and preferably lie substantially wholly between the convex and concave surfaces, to form a hollow sphere. Both the tongues and recesses have mating nubs for interlocking the individual elements together when interfitted to form a sphere. The structural elements can either be positively secured to each other or left free for easy disassembly. The convex outer surfaces of various of these structural elements may be. colored or otherwise treated differently to provide a patterned exterior surface for the sphere, and the mated contiguous edges of such structural elements may be joined, adhesively or otherwise.

4 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTED SEP 1 9 m2 SHEET 1 BF 2 INVENTOR.

NOVAK ATTORNEYS PHILLIP J.

PKTEN'TEDsEP 19 m2 SHEET 2 OF 2 INVENTOR. PHILLIP J. NOVAK AT TORNE Y5 HOLLOW SPHERE AND STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTING SAME BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION was a major objective to provide for easily constructing a sturdy, hollow sphere from a number of relatively small, identical structural elements, at least some of which, preferably, have their outer surfaces differently colored or otherwise treated so a pattern for the external surface of the sphere can be produced in constructing such sphere.

SUMMARY or THE INVENTION In accordance with the invention, a plurality of rigid or semi-rigid, structural elements are provided in any suitable manner, for example by injection molding of a plastic material or by molding a foamed plastic material such as Styrofoam. Each of these structural elements has a dished body corresponding in shape to that of a geometrical subsection of an even fractional portion of a spherical shell. For example and as a preferred form of the invention, the dished body may be one-third geometrical sub-section of a one-eighth section of a spherical shell of some appropriate diameter for the purpose to which the completed hollow sphere is to be put. The dished body has a convex outer surface and a series of tongues and corresponding recesses extending along its peripheral edges and lying below such outer surface and having mating nubs whereby a number of the individual structural elements can be closely interfitted and interlocked to produce a hollow sphere. The convex outer surfaces of the respective individual structural elements can be differently colored or otherwise contrastingly-finished, so various patterns can be provided in constructing the sphere.

THE DRAWINGS Several forms of structural elements and hollow spheres constructed therefrom, representing the best mode presently contemplated of carrying out the invention, are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a view in elevation of a preferred form of the sphere of the invention, showing in dotted lines hidden interfitting parts of three individual structural elements of identical form making up a one-eighth section of the sphere;

FIG. 2 a top plan view drawn to alarger scale showing one of the structural elements per se, hidden recesses being shown by dotted lines;

FIG. 3, a view in perspective of the structural element of FIG. 2, looking toward one corner thereof;

FIG. 4, a view in perspective looking toward the tops of two of the structural elements of FIG. 2 fitted together;

posite edges of the body,

FIG. 5, a fragmentary vertical section taken along the line 5--5 of FIG. 4 and drawn to a larger scale;

. FIG. 6, atop plan view showing two structural elements of complimentary but not identical form about to be interfitted, each being a one-sixth geometrical section of a one-eighth section of a sphere;

FIG. 7, a view corresponding to that of FIG. 1 but showing a sphere built up from the structural elements of FIG. 6;

FIGS. 8 and 9, similar views, but showing spheres built up from still different forms, respectively, of identical structural elements conforming to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENTS In the form shown in FIGS. 1-5, the structural element 10, FIGS. 2 and 3, of the invention comprises a dished body 11 having shape corresponding to that of a one-third geometrical subsection 12 (see A,B,C,D), FIG. 1, of a one-eighth fractional portion 13 (see A, E, F), also FIG. 1, of a spherical shell 14. Interfitting means in the form of projecting tongues 15 and corresponding receiving recesses 16 alternate in series arrangement extending around the peripheral edges l7 of such structural element. Both the tongues and the recesses lie below the convex outer surface 11a of the body 11. In this form of structural element there are four of the edges 17 and a pair of tongues 15 projecting from opposite ends, respectively, of each of two opwith a recess 16 therebetween, and a single tongue 15 projecting intermediate the length of each of the other two opposite edges of the body between two recesses 16.

The tongues 15 and recesses 16 may be formed as shown, with mating nub end members 15a and 16a,

respectively, see particularly FIG. 5, or may be formed in someother way. Other forms may also be adopted. Thus, the dished body 11 in FIG. 5 could be thinner and the recesses formed, by displacing material below the convex surface, as by stamping a metal or plastic plate. A possible disadvantage here, however, would be the intrusion of the tongues into the surface pattern of the sphere.

In FIG. 6, a triangular structural element 18 is shown about to be closely interfitted with a conforming but not identical triangular structural element designated 18a. Here, tongues 19 similar to the tongues 15 project from the peripheral edges of each of the structural elements 18 and 18a and corresponding receiving recesses 20 are formed therebetween. As shown in FIG. 7, each of these structural elements is only a one-sixth geometrical subsection of a one-eighth fractional portion of a spherical shell 21, or, stated somewhat differently, is a one-third geometrical subsection of a one-sixteenth fractional portion of the spherical shell 21. Actually, each structural element 18 constitutes one-half of the structural element 10 cut diagonally from the side of a recess at one corner of such structural element to the side of a recess at the diagonally opposite corner of such structural element, the diagonal edge of one of such structural elements being provided with a tongue and the diagonal edge of the other being provided with a receiving recess for the tongue.

In FIG. 8, triangular structural elements 22, each a one-third geometrical subsection of a one-eighth fractional portion of a spherical shell 23, as in the embodiment of FIGS. 1-5, are formed with different numbers of tongues 24 and corresponding receiving recesses 25 in association with the respective edges of the triangle.

In FIG. 9, the structural elements 26 each have four edges,'there being one tongue 27 and one corresponding receiving recess 28 associated with each edge. As in the embodiments of FIGS. l-5, and 8, the structural elements 26 of this embodiment are each a one-third geometrical subsection of a one-eighth fractional portion of a spherical shell 29.

It should be noted that the tongues and recesses may alternate in a continuous series around the peripheral edges of the structural element, as in the respective embodiments of FIGS. 1, 8, and 9, or may have interposed edge length portions without either tongue or recess as at 30 in the embodiment of FIG. 6.

In all forms of the invention the fitting or interfitting means may be secured together in various ways depending upon the material used for the structural elements and the use to which the spherical structure is to be put, but it should be realized that the individual structural elements will hold together satisfactorily for many uses by reason of the interlocking fit provided by the mating nubs.

Whereas this invention is here illustrated and described with respect to certain preferred forms thereof, it is to be understood that many variations are possible without departing from the inventive concepts particularly pointed out in the claims.

I claim:

1. A structural element adapted to fit with like structural elements to form a hollow sphere, comprising a body having broad outer and inner surfaces and shape corresponding to that of a geometrical subsection of an even fractional portion of a spherical shell, so that an assembly of a sufiicient number of similar structural elements will form a spherical shell; a series of individual broad tongues and alternating corresponding recesses disposed about the peripheral edge margins of said body as substantially planar parts thereof, said tongues and said recesses being spaced from the outer surface of said body and having mating nubs on outer broad surfaces of said tongues and on inner body surfaces defining said recesses, respectively, said nubs being arranged to interlock as structural means for holding interfitted structural elements together in the construction of a sphere which has no visible tongue and recess joinders.

2. A structural element in accordance with claim 1, molded to shape from a plastic material.

3. A plurality of the elements of claim 1 closely fitted together in the form of a hollow sphere.

4. The hollow sphere of claim 3,wherein various of I the individual elements have their respective outer convex surfaces differently finished to provide a patterned exterior surface for the sphere.

* II I!

Claims (4)

1. A structural element adapted to fit with like structural elements to form a hollow sphere, comprising a body having broad outer and inner surfaces and shape corresponding to that of a geometrical subsection of an even fractional portion of a spherical shell, so that an assembly of a sufficient number of similar structural elements will form a spherical shell; a series of individual broad tongues and alternating corresponding recesses disposed about the peripheral edge margins of said body as substantially planar parts thereof, said tongues and said recesses being spaced from the outer surface of said body and having mating nubs on outer broad surfaces of said tongues and on inner body surfaces defining said recesses, respectively, said nubs being arranged to interlock as structural means for holding interfitted structural elements together in the construction of a sphere which has no visible tongue and recess joinders.
2. A structural element in accordance with claim 1, molded to shape from a plastic material.
3. A plurality of the elements of claim 1 closely fitted together in the form of a hollow sphere.
4. The hollow sphere of claim 3, wherein various of the individual elements have their respective outer convex surfaces differently finished to provide a patterned exterior surface for the sphere.
US3691704D 1970-05-19 1970-05-19 Hollow sphere and structural elements for constructing same Expired - Lifetime US3691704A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3874470A true 1970-05-19 1970-05-19

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3691704A true US3691704A (en) 1972-09-19

Family

ID=21901646

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3691704D Expired - Lifetime US3691704A (en) 1970-05-19 1970-05-19 Hollow sphere and structural elements for constructing same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3691704A (en)

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4050184A (en) * 1976-01-28 1977-09-27 Gervasio Chiari Multi-component, spherical, assemblable toy
US4241550A (en) * 1978-06-23 1980-12-30 Sumner John S Domical structure composed of symmetric, curved triangular faces
US4267217A (en) * 1978-12-27 1981-05-12 Brooker Bernard F Ball
EP0029414A1 (en) * 1979-10-30 1981-05-27 Mario Giombini A system to realize spherical or hemispherical or partially spherical constructions
US4308698A (en) * 1980-03-10 1982-01-05 Fleishman Gregg R Interconnecting members for enclosures
US4907382A (en) * 1987-10-26 1990-03-13 Schwam Paul A Geodesic dome panel assembly and method
US5305564A (en) * 1992-04-27 1994-04-26 Fahey William E Hemispherical dome building structure
EP0755705A2 (en) * 1996-08-30 1997-01-29 Dsm N.V. modular construction toys
US5609929A (en) * 1995-12-01 1997-03-11 Huang; Yung-Chung Device shell
WO1998033158A1 (en) * 1997-01-24 1998-07-30 Giuseppe Frezza Earth globe consisting of interlocking elements
US6398221B1 (en) * 1998-05-15 2002-06-04 John Alexander Graham Polyhedron globe puzzle system
US20020166294A1 (en) * 2001-03-10 2002-11-14 Ernest Rogers Spherical and polyhedral shells with improved segmentation
US6729984B2 (en) * 2001-07-28 2004-05-04 Rhino Toys, Inc. Toy ball apparatus
US20040134136A1 (en) * 2003-01-15 2004-07-15 Shearing John Robert Spherical enclosure suitable as a building structure, pressure vessel, vacuum vessel, or for storing liquids
US6805350B1 (en) * 2003-05-06 2004-10-19 Yu Feng Wu Ball with a jigsaw cover
AU2003252927B2 (en) * 2003-10-13 2009-01-22 Shih-Hung Chuang Bladder-free spherical jigsaw puzzle
US7523938B2 (en) * 2002-07-17 2009-04-28 Shih-Hung Chuang 3D jigsaw puzzle
US20090170645A1 (en) * 2008-01-02 2009-07-02 Rhino Toys, Inc. Amusement Device Including a Fabric Formed of a Plastic Strand
US20090170643A1 (en) * 2008-01-01 2009-07-02 Rhino Toys, Inc. Toy Bat and Ball Set
US20100056310A1 (en) * 2008-01-01 2010-03-04 Rhino Toys, Inc. Apparatus With Mesh and Manducable Protrusion
ITMI20091985A1 (en) * 2009-11-12 2011-05-13 Carlo Pagani Sectional ball in the thermoplastic material
US8052552B2 (en) 2008-01-01 2011-11-08 Got I, Llc Toy apparatus with rattle
US20110285083A1 (en) * 2008-10-15 2011-11-24 Sveinn Kari Valdimarsson Three-dimensional jigsaw puzzle
WO2011114315A3 (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-12-08 Equimodus Sarl Construction kit
US20120280450A1 (en) * 2009-11-30 2012-11-08 Ravensburger Spieleverlag Gmbh Self-stabilizing jigsaw puzzle
US20140194037A1 (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-10 Mehrdad Amoozegar Spring ball toy
US20150152631A1 (en) * 2012-07-16 2015-06-04 Charles Caulder Bree Interlocking blocks and tiles for buildings
US20150321115A1 (en) * 2014-05-08 2015-11-12 James Fleet Hower Interlocking Components forming Arbitrary Solids with Complex Curvatures
US9534472B2 (en) 2012-12-19 2017-01-03 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Fabrication and use of well-based obstruction forming object
US20170049269A1 (en) * 2014-04-29 2017-02-23 Olivier Joel MIDY Combustion box
LU93289B1 (en) * 2016-11-07 2018-06-12 Roto Evolution Gmbh Receiving device for receiving at least one rotary casting mold
USD827040S1 (en) 2017-05-18 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy airplane
USD827041S1 (en) 2017-05-08 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy rocket
USD827049S1 (en) 2017-06-15 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD827039S1 (en) 2017-05-18 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy helicopter
USD827051S1 (en) 2017-06-23 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy truck
USD827048S1 (en) 2017-06-05 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD827052S1 (en) 2017-07-12 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD827053S1 (en) 2017-09-13 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD837308S1 (en) 2017-07-12 2019-01-01 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD837898S1 (en) 2017-05-08 2019-01-08 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy truck
USD840477S1 (en) 2016-09-14 2019-02-12 Got I, Llc Toy truck
USD843492S1 (en) 2017-06-05 2019-03-19 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
US10392800B1 (en) * 2015-10-21 2019-08-27 Shin Civil Engineering Consultants Inc. System and method for building structures using multilayered panel frames
FR3078263A1 (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-08-30 Decathlon Kit for assembling a game ball comprising a structural carcass

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1409082A (en) * 1921-07-13 1922-03-07 Corbett William John Spherical globe
US2406164A (en) * 1944-09-01 1946-08-20 Global Press Inc Knockdown globular shell
FR1164405A (en) * 1957-01-12 1958-10-09 Globe removable ground
US2882714A (en) * 1955-10-14 1959-04-21 Phillips Petroleum Co Laminated interlocking block
US2987318A (en) * 1957-09-17 1961-06-06 Hammer Willie Three dimensional jig saw puzzle
US3055123A (en) * 1961-04-24 1962-09-25 Tigrett Ind Inc Globe
CA835016A (en) * 1970-02-24 B. Mccready William Exterior wall panel for buildings
US3578331A (en) * 1969-02-20 1971-05-11 Hilaire G Degast Three dimensional puzzles

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA835016A (en) * 1970-02-24 B. Mccready William Exterior wall panel for buildings
US1409082A (en) * 1921-07-13 1922-03-07 Corbett William John Spherical globe
US2406164A (en) * 1944-09-01 1946-08-20 Global Press Inc Knockdown globular shell
US2882714A (en) * 1955-10-14 1959-04-21 Phillips Petroleum Co Laminated interlocking block
FR1164405A (en) * 1957-01-12 1958-10-09 Globe removable ground
US2987318A (en) * 1957-09-17 1961-06-06 Hammer Willie Three dimensional jig saw puzzle
US3055123A (en) * 1961-04-24 1962-09-25 Tigrett Ind Inc Globe
US3578331A (en) * 1969-02-20 1971-05-11 Hilaire G Degast Three dimensional puzzles

Cited By (55)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4050184A (en) * 1976-01-28 1977-09-27 Gervasio Chiari Multi-component, spherical, assemblable toy
US4241550A (en) * 1978-06-23 1980-12-30 Sumner John S Domical structure composed of symmetric, curved triangular faces
US4267217A (en) * 1978-12-27 1981-05-12 Brooker Bernard F Ball
EP0029414A1 (en) * 1979-10-30 1981-05-27 Mario Giombini A system to realize spherical or hemispherical or partially spherical constructions
US4308698A (en) * 1980-03-10 1982-01-05 Fleishman Gregg R Interconnecting members for enclosures
US4907382A (en) * 1987-10-26 1990-03-13 Schwam Paul A Geodesic dome panel assembly and method
US5305564A (en) * 1992-04-27 1994-04-26 Fahey William E Hemispherical dome building structure
US5609929A (en) * 1995-12-01 1997-03-11 Huang; Yung-Chung Device shell
EP0755705A2 (en) * 1996-08-30 1997-01-29 Dsm N.V. modular construction toys
EP0755705A3 (en) * 1996-08-30 1997-07-30 Dsm Nv modular construction toys
WO1998033158A1 (en) * 1997-01-24 1998-07-30 Giuseppe Frezza Earth globe consisting of interlocking elements
US6398221B1 (en) * 1998-05-15 2002-06-04 John Alexander Graham Polyhedron globe puzzle system
US20020166294A1 (en) * 2001-03-10 2002-11-14 Ernest Rogers Spherical and polyhedral shells with improved segmentation
US6729984B2 (en) * 2001-07-28 2004-05-04 Rhino Toys, Inc. Toy ball apparatus
US20040162171A1 (en) * 2001-07-28 2004-08-19 David Silverglate Toy ball apparatus
US7523938B2 (en) * 2002-07-17 2009-04-28 Shih-Hung Chuang 3D jigsaw puzzle
US20040134136A1 (en) * 2003-01-15 2004-07-15 Shearing John Robert Spherical enclosure suitable as a building structure, pressure vessel, vacuum vessel, or for storing liquids
US6805350B1 (en) * 2003-05-06 2004-10-19 Yu Feng Wu Ball with a jigsaw cover
US20040222588A1 (en) * 2003-05-06 2004-11-11 Wu Yu Feng Ball with a jigsaw cover
AU2003252927B2 (en) * 2003-10-13 2009-01-22 Shih-Hung Chuang Bladder-free spherical jigsaw puzzle
US9956457B2 (en) 2008-01-01 2018-05-01 Got I, Llc Mesh toy apparatus
US20090170643A1 (en) * 2008-01-01 2009-07-02 Rhino Toys, Inc. Toy Bat and Ball Set
US20100056310A1 (en) * 2008-01-01 2010-03-04 Rhino Toys, Inc. Apparatus With Mesh and Manducable Protrusion
US9101535B2 (en) 2008-01-01 2015-08-11 Got I, Llc Apparatus with mesh and manducable protrusion
US8052552B2 (en) 2008-01-01 2011-11-08 Got I, Llc Toy apparatus with rattle
US8282518B2 (en) 2008-01-01 2012-10-09 Got I, Llc Apparatus with mesh and manducable protrusion
US20090170645A1 (en) * 2008-01-02 2009-07-02 Rhino Toys, Inc. Amusement Device Including a Fabric Formed of a Plastic Strand
US20110285083A1 (en) * 2008-10-15 2011-11-24 Sveinn Kari Valdimarsson Three-dimensional jigsaw puzzle
US8544849B2 (en) * 2008-10-15 2013-10-01 Ravensburger-Spieleverlag Gmbh Three-dimensional jigsaw puzzle
ITMI20091985A1 (en) * 2009-11-12 2011-05-13 Carlo Pagani Sectional ball in the thermoplastic material
US20120280450A1 (en) * 2009-11-30 2012-11-08 Ravensburger Spieleverlag Gmbh Self-stabilizing jigsaw puzzle
US8888099B2 (en) * 2009-11-30 2014-11-18 Ravensburger Spieleverlag Gmbh Self-stabilizing jigsaw puzzle
WO2011114315A3 (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-12-08 Equimodus Sarl Construction kit
US9345983B2 (en) 2010-03-19 2016-05-24 Equimodus Sarl Construction kit
US20150152631A1 (en) * 2012-07-16 2015-06-04 Charles Caulder Bree Interlocking blocks and tiles for buildings
US9534472B2 (en) 2012-12-19 2017-01-03 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Fabrication and use of well-based obstruction forming object
US20140194037A1 (en) * 2013-01-09 2014-07-10 Mehrdad Amoozegar Spring ball toy
US20170049269A1 (en) * 2014-04-29 2017-02-23 Olivier Joel MIDY Combustion box
US10455981B2 (en) * 2014-04-29 2019-10-29 Olivier Joel MIDY Combustion box
US20150321115A1 (en) * 2014-05-08 2015-11-12 James Fleet Hower Interlocking Components forming Arbitrary Solids with Complex Curvatures
US10392800B1 (en) * 2015-10-21 2019-08-27 Shin Civil Engineering Consultants Inc. System and method for building structures using multilayered panel frames
USD840477S1 (en) 2016-09-14 2019-02-12 Got I, Llc Toy truck
LU93289B1 (en) * 2016-11-07 2018-06-12 Roto Evolution Gmbh Receiving device for receiving at least one rotary casting mold
USD827041S1 (en) 2017-05-08 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy rocket
USD837898S1 (en) 2017-05-08 2019-01-08 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy truck
USD827039S1 (en) 2017-05-18 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy helicopter
USD827040S1 (en) 2017-05-18 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy airplane
USD827048S1 (en) 2017-06-05 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD843492S1 (en) 2017-06-05 2019-03-19 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD827049S1 (en) 2017-06-15 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD827051S1 (en) 2017-06-23 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Toy truck
USD837308S1 (en) 2017-07-12 2019-01-01 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD827052S1 (en) 2017-07-12 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
USD827053S1 (en) 2017-09-13 2018-08-28 Kids Ii, Inc. Children's toy
FR3078263A1 (en) * 2018-01-10 2019-08-30 Decathlon Kit for assembling a game ball comprising a structural carcass

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP3892810B2 (en) Improved modular assembly with magnetic locking means for a structure with a stable lattice structure
US3195266A (en) Construction toy comprising blocks and coupling means
US6626727B2 (en) Magnetic construction toy
US3780469A (en) Sectional creative toy
JP3872816B2 (en) Assembly toy
US3701214A (en) Flexible, soft, foam resin assembling pieces
US3389666A (en) Furniture element
EP0653355B1 (en) Container for small objects, with mutual coupling means
EP1348473B1 (en) Set of elements for assembling structures
EP1852168B1 (en) Polyhedral toy
US3645535A (en) Block construction
US3594940A (en) Assembly toy set
DE10207244C1 (en) Construction kit used as a toy or in the manufacture of ornamental objects or architectural models comprises flat and/or three-dimensional construction elements having magnetic elements and ferromagnetic balls
US4836787A (en) Construction kit educational aid and toy
US3586405A (en) Cages for bearing rolling elements
US3981506A (en) Three dimensional relief puzzle
AU2008327315B2 (en) Toy blocks
US3546792A (en) Interlocking modular design blocks
US3464145A (en) Set of blocks for generating desgns
US6500007B2 (en) Apparatus for entertainment and education and method of use
US5061218A (en) Toy building blocks
EP0621063A1 (en) Block assembly
US5277514A (en) Block for paving and like uses
CA2102307C (en) Constructional toys
CA2357879C (en) Wall block with interlock