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US3683350A - Electrical circuit breaker with illuminated trip indicator - Google Patents

Electrical circuit breaker with illuminated trip indicator Download PDF

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Publication number
US3683350A
US3683350A US3683350DA US3683350A US 3683350 A US3683350 A US 3683350A US 3683350D A US3683350D A US 3683350DA US 3683350 A US3683350 A US 3683350A
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US
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
circuit
breaker
lamp
member
trip
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Wayne A Shedenheim
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Schneider Electric USA Inc
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Schneider Electric USA Inc
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H73/00Protective overload circuit-breaking switches in which excess current opens the contacts by automatic release of mechanical energy stored by previous operation of a hand reset mechanism
    • H01H73/02Details
    • H01H73/12Means for indicating condition of the switch
    • H01H73/14Indicating lamp structurally associated with the switch
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/18Distinguishing marks on switches, e.g. for indicating switch location in the dark; Adaptation of switches to receive distinguishing marks
    • H01H2009/188Distinguishing marks on switches, e.g. for indicating switch location in the dark; Adaptation of switches to receive distinguishing marks with indication of rating

Abstract

The circuit breaker has a window in a cover of its molded case through which light from a neon lamp is visible. The lamp is connected in an RC flashing circuit energized from the line side of the circuit breaker through a circuit controlled by a small snap switch. The snap switch is operated upon release of a releasably latchable member of the circuit breaker operating mechanism to cause flashing of the lamp whenever the circuit breaker is in its tripped condition.

Description

[72] Inventor:

United States Patent Shedenheim 54] ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT BREAKER WITH ILLUMINATED TRIP INDICATOR Wayne A. Shedenlheim, Villa Park, 111.

[73] Assignee: Square D Company, Park Ridge, 111.

[22] Filed: Nov. 6, 1969 [21] Appl. No.: 874,517

[52] US. Cl ..340/253 A, 335/10, 335/17 [51] Int. Cl. ..H0lh G08b 21/00 [58] Field of Search...340/248, 253, 267; 200/167 A,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,171,927 3/1965 Klein et a1. ....337/79 3,341,791 9/1967 Leonard ..335/174 1 1 Aug. 8, 1972 742,547 Wright et al. ..340/248 C 1,480,306 1/1924 Scott ..340/248 C 1,649,011 11/1927 Bakken ..340/248 C 1,848,853 3/1932 Thumim.- ..340/248 C 2,202,535 5/1940 Pedatella ..340/248 C 3,518,485 6/1970 Leathem ..200/167 A X Primary ExaminerHarold Broome Attorney-Harold .I. Rathbun and Paul .1. Rose 57 ABSTRACT The circuitbreaker has a window in a cover of its molded case through which light from a neon lamp is visible. The lamp is connected in an RC flashing circuit energized from the line side of the circuit breaker through a circuit controlled by a small snap switch. The snap switch is operated upon release of a releasably latchable member of the circuit breaker operating mechanism to cause flashing of the lamp whenever the circuit breaker is in its tripped condition.

3 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PATENTEDMIB 8 9 2 3.683; 350

SHEET 1 OF 4 FIG. 2

INVENTOR.

WAYNE A. SHEDENHELM ATTORNEYS PATENT ED AUG 8 I972 SHEET 2 BF 4 INVENTOR.

WAYNE A. SHEDENHELM WWW/f M T I'OHNFW PATENTEDws 8 I972 3. 683; 350

sum 3 BF 4 FIG. 4

INVENTOR.

WAYNE A SHEDENHELM ATfQRNEY s PATENTED 8 i973 3. 6 83, 350

saw u or 4 FIG. 5

FIG. 6

INVENTOR. WAYNE A. SHEDENHELM fiK Z/zZ 4AW 4 (AMP g) ARM.

[ATTORNEYS ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT BREAKER WITH- ILLUMINATED TRIP INDICATOR FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a molded circuit breaker provided with means to indicate the tripped or untripped condition thereof and more particularly to a molded case circuit breaker including a lamp which flashes whenever the circuit breaker is in its tripped condition.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR Molded case circuit breakers have been provided with a member movable to a position wherein it is visible through a window in a cover of the circuit breaker to indicate that the circuit breaker is tripped. It has also been proposed that such circuit breakers be equipped with a pilot light connected across a pair of contacts of the circuit breaker thereby to indicate whether the contacts are open or closed. This latter form of indication is not satisfactory because it does not distinguish between the tripped condition of the circuit breaker and an off condition that has been selected manually, and because the lamp circuit provides an undesired path for current to continue to flow through the circuit breaker to a load.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION There is need for an illuminated indicating means that will show whether a molded case circuit breaker is tripped or untripped independently of the on or ofi' position of the contacts, and which permits the circuit breaker to isolate the load completely. Preferably, the lamp should flash on and 011' in order to attract attention.

In accordance with this invention, a movable member of the operating mechanism of a molded-case circuit breaker, upon movement to a tripped position, effects closure of the contacts of a small snap switch thereby to complete a circuit from the line side of the circuit breaker through a flashing circuit to a neon lamp positioned behind a window in the circuit breaker case. More specifically, the window in the circuit breaker cover is positioned in a front wall of a recess formed on the inner side of the cover. Directly behind the window within the recess is the neon lamp which is arranged to be fed through a diode and a resistor from the line side of the circuit breaker. A capacitor is connected in parallel with the lamp in a charging circuit including the diode and the resistor, and the capacitor, the resistor, and the diode are all confined within the recess adjacent the lamp. A circuit from these circuit components to the line side of the circuit breaker passes through a small, normally-closed snap switch so mounted in the circuit breaker that its operating button is depressed by a releasably latchable intermediate latch member to hold the snap switch open only when the circuit breaker is in its latched or untripped condition. Closure of the snap switch upon release of its operating button by the releasably latchable member completes the charging circuit for the capacitor which, upon reaching the break down voltage of the lamp, discharges to'cause ignition of the lamp. The capacitor immediately starts to recharge. Thus, the lamp flashes intermittently as long as the circuit breaker is tripped.

2 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front view of a molded case circuit breakerincluding an indicating lamp in accordance with this invention;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 2-2 of FIG. 1, some parts of the circuit breaker being omitted;

FIG. 3 is a view of the circuit breaker of FIG. 1 with a cover and certain other parts removed and showing the wiring and certain components of a lamp flashing circuit out of their normal position within a recess in the cover;

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT With reference to the drawings, the circuit breaker illustrated is similar to that described in U. S. Pat. No.

of the flash- 3,341,791 issued in the name of James H. Leonard on Sept. 12, 1967, and comprises a molded case including a base 10 and a cover 11, line terminals 12',- load terminals l4, movable contact arms 15, movable contacts 16, stationary contacts 17, and an operating mechanism 18. The operating mechanism 18 includes a handle 19 that protrudes through an opening 19a in the cover 11. Operation of the handle 19 causes selective opening and closing of the contacts 16 and 17. The circuit breaker also includes current responsive tripping mechanism including a pivotally mounted common trip bar 21 (FIGS. 3 and 5), armature members 22, armature rods 23 connected respectively to the armatures, trip bar actuating members 24 adjustably threaded respectively on the armature rods, a latch plate 25 mounted on the trip bar 21, a pivotally mounted releasably Iatchable intermediate latch member 26, and a pivotally mounted releasably latchable trip lever 27. Upon the flow of a fault current in a circuit through the circuit breaker, a magnetizable core member (not shown) magnetically associated with that circuit attracts a respective one of the armature members 22 to pivot the trip bar 21 clockwise, as viewed in FIG. 5, by means of the respective actuating member 24. The latch plate 25 is thereby moved out of latching relationship with the intermediate latch member 26, which in turn is moved out of latching relationship with the trip lever 27 to trip the circuit breaker. Reference may be had to the aforementioned patent for a more detailed description of the operating mechanism 18, the current responsive tripping mechanism, and other details of the circuit breaker.

In accordance with this invention, means are provided to. cause a neon lamp 28 to flash intermittently when the circuit breaker is in tripped condition. The lamp 28 is adhesively secured in a recess 1 la formed in the inner side of the cover 11 so as to be visible through a transparent window 30 closing an opening in a front wall of the recess 11a. The supply circuit for the lamp 3 28 includes a normally closed snap switch 31 having a depressible operating button 32, a resistor 33, a capacitor 34, and a diode 36 connected as shown in FIGS. 3

and 6. The power for illuminating the lamp is obtained through leads 37 and 38 connected to respective ones of the line terminals 12. The switch 31'is secured to a bracket 40 in the circuit breaker by a pair of screws 41 having nuts 42 threaded respectively thereon. The operating button 32 is depressed by the intermediate latch member 26 in the latched position thereof.

With reference to FIGS. 3 and 6, the diode 36, the resistor 33, and the capacitor 34 are connected in series with eachother in a charging circuit through the snap switch 31 across a pair of the line terminals 12. The lamp 28 is connected directly in parallel with the capacitor 34. Upon tripping of the circuit breaker, the intermediate latch member 26 rotates clockwise, as viewed in FIG. 5, to an unlatched position, thereby releasing the operating button 32 of the snap switch 31. The snap switch 31 thereupon closes to complete the circuit through the capacitor 34. The capacitor 34 accumulates a charge during a time interval determined by its capacity, the voltage at the terminals 12 and the resistance of the resistor 33. When the charge on the' capacitor 34 reaches the break down voltage of the through a center one of the compartments into each of trip bar pivotally'mounted in the case and extending two outer ones of the compartments, three pairs of separable contacts disposed respectively in the compartments, a releasably latchable trip lever pivotally mounted in the center compartment and releasable from a latched position to effect separation of the three pairs of contacts, an intermediate latch member pivotally mounted in the center compartment and lamp 28, the capacitor discharges through the lamp 28 causing the lamp 28 to become illuminated. Upon discharge of the capacitor 34, the lamp 28 is extinguished and the capacitor 34 starts to recharge through the same circuit that provided its initial charge. This operation is repeated so long as the intermediate latch member 26 is in its unlatched position. Flashing of the lamp 28 thus indicates that the circuit breaker has tripped because of an abnormal current condition.

I claim:

1. A three-pole electric circuit breaker comprising a molded case having three compartments, a common latchable by the common trip bar, the trip lever being latchable by the intermediate latch member, and a switch in the center compartment having a depressible operating button held in a depressed position by the interrnediate latch member, when the trip lever is latched by the intermediate latch member and the intermediate latch member is latched by the common trip bar, to hold the switch in an open-contact condition, and released bythe intermediate latch member to allow the switch to assume a closed-contact condition when the intermediate latch member is released by the common trip bar and the trip lever is released by the intermediate 'latch member.

2. An electric circuit breaker as claimed in claim 1 wherein the case has a window therein, and including an electric lamp in the case visible through the window, a pair of line terminals mounted on the case, and flashing means effecting repetitive on-and-off flashing of the l on! hen the circuit breaker is in a tri d condi t i n, th e i lashing means including a diode, zi r esistor,

Claims (3)

1. A three-pole electric circuit breaker comprising a molded case having three compartments, a common trip bar pivotally mounted in the case and extending through a center one of the compartments into each of two outer ones of the compartments, three pairs of separable contacts disposed respectively in the compartments, a releasably latchable trip lever pivotally mounted in the center compartment and releasable from a latched position to effect separation of the three pairs of contacts, an intermediate latch member pivotally mounted in the center compartment and latchable by the common trip bar, the trip lever being latchable by the intermediate latch member, and a switch in the center compartment having a depressible operating button held in a depressed position by the intermediate latch member, when the trip lever is latched by the intermediate latch member and the intermediate latch member is latched by the common trip bar, to hold the switch in an open-contact condition, and released by the intermediate latch member to allow the switch to assume a closed-contact condition when the intermediate latch member is released by the common trip bar and the trip lever is released by the intermediate latch member.
2. An electric circuit breaker as claimed in claim 1 wherein the case has a window therein, and including an electric lamp in the case visible through the window, a pair of line terminals mounted on the case, and flashing means effecting repetitive on-and-off flashing of the lamp only when the circuit breaker is in a tripped condition, the flashing means including a diode, a resistor, and a capacitor in a series circuit with the switch across the line terminals, the lamp being connected in parallel with the capacitor.
3. An electric circuit breaker as claimed in claim 2 wherein the case includes a cover having an interior recess, and the diode, resistor, capacitor, and lamp are mounted in the recess.
US3683350A 1969-11-06 1969-11-06 Electrical circuit breaker with illuminated trip indicator Expired - Lifetime US3683350A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4518957A (en) * 1983-03-31 1985-05-21 Wheeler Rex W Circuit breaker warning device
US4519657A (en) * 1980-02-19 1985-05-28 Common Sense Products Pty. Ltd. Multiple service unit
DE3525227A1 (en) * 1984-09-25 1986-04-03 Oscar Vila Masot alarm device
US4596980A (en) * 1983-08-22 1986-06-24 B.W.B. Controls, Inc. Light-emitting indicator
US4652867A (en) * 1984-09-25 1987-03-24 Masot Oscar V Circuit breaker indicator
US4706073A (en) * 1984-09-25 1987-11-10 Oscar Vila Masot Circuit breaker panels with alarm system
US4969063A (en) * 1989-05-16 1990-11-06 Square D Company Circuit breaker with status indicating lights
EP1646060A1 (en) * 2004-10-06 2006-04-12 Smart Di Martino Sandro Cover for current switch equipped with emergency lighting means
WO2010091322A1 (en) * 2009-02-06 2010-08-12 Aerospace Optics, Inc. Illuminated pushbutton switch with electronic latching and blinking feature
US8624442B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2014-01-07 Aerospace Optics, Inc. Illuminated pushbutton switch with embedded interface and driver logic

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US742547A (en) * 1903-02-16 1903-10-27 Stanley Electric Mfg Co Electrical switching system.
US1480306A (en) * 1919-10-02 1924-01-08 William M Scott Electrical-switching apparatus
US1649011A (en) * 1920-11-26 1927-11-15 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Circuit breaker
US1848853A (en) * 1932-03-08 Electric switch
US2202535A (en) * 1937-03-25 1940-05-28 Pedatella Frank Wall box switch
US3171927A (en) * 1962-11-09 1965-03-02 Gen Electric Circuit breaker with remote tripindicating means
US3341791A (en) * 1964-06-16 1967-09-12 Square D Co Electric circuit breaker with improved operating mechanism
US3518485A (en) * 1967-04-14 1970-06-30 United Carr Inc Switch-controlled dual function indicator

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1848853A (en) * 1932-03-08 Electric switch
US742547A (en) * 1903-02-16 1903-10-27 Stanley Electric Mfg Co Electrical switching system.
US1480306A (en) * 1919-10-02 1924-01-08 William M Scott Electrical-switching apparatus
US1649011A (en) * 1920-11-26 1927-11-15 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Circuit breaker
US2202535A (en) * 1937-03-25 1940-05-28 Pedatella Frank Wall box switch
US3171927A (en) * 1962-11-09 1965-03-02 Gen Electric Circuit breaker with remote tripindicating means
US3341791A (en) * 1964-06-16 1967-09-12 Square D Co Electric circuit breaker with improved operating mechanism
US3518485A (en) * 1967-04-14 1970-06-30 United Carr Inc Switch-controlled dual function indicator

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4519657A (en) * 1980-02-19 1985-05-28 Common Sense Products Pty. Ltd. Multiple service unit
US4518957A (en) * 1983-03-31 1985-05-21 Wheeler Rex W Circuit breaker warning device
US4596980A (en) * 1983-08-22 1986-06-24 B.W.B. Controls, Inc. Light-emitting indicator
DE3525227A1 (en) * 1984-09-25 1986-04-03 Oscar Vila Masot alarm device
US4652867A (en) * 1984-09-25 1987-03-24 Masot Oscar V Circuit breaker indicator
US4698621A (en) * 1984-09-25 1987-10-06 Masot Oscar V Circuit breaker panels with alarm system
US4706073A (en) * 1984-09-25 1987-11-10 Oscar Vila Masot Circuit breaker panels with alarm system
US4969063A (en) * 1989-05-16 1990-11-06 Square D Company Circuit breaker with status indicating lights
EP1646060A1 (en) * 2004-10-06 2006-04-12 Smart Di Martino Sandro Cover for current switch equipped with emergency lighting means
WO2010091322A1 (en) * 2009-02-06 2010-08-12 Aerospace Optics, Inc. Illuminated pushbutton switch with electronic latching and blinking feature
US20100327943A1 (en) * 2009-02-06 2010-12-30 Aerospace Optics, Inc. Illuminated pushbutton switch with electronic latching and blinking feature
US8222771B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2012-07-17 Aerospace Optics, Inc. Illuminated pushbutton switch with electronic latching and blinking feature
US8624442B2 (en) 2009-02-06 2014-01-07 Aerospace Optics, Inc. Illuminated pushbutton switch with embedded interface and driver logic

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CA941452A1 (en) grant
GB1306427A (en) 1973-02-14 application
CA941452A (en) 1974-02-05 grant

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