US3678679A - Alarm clocks and watches - Google Patents

Alarm clocks and watches Download PDF

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Publication number
US3678679A
US3678679A US3678679DA US3678679A US 3678679 A US3678679 A US 3678679A US 3678679D A US3678679D A US 3678679DA US 3678679 A US3678679 A US 3678679A
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US
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
hammer
position
trip member
member
trip
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Admond K Lee
Kwok-Ming Wong
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EASTERN TIME Ltd
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EASTERN TIME Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B23/00Arrangements producing acoustic signals at preselected times
    • G04B23/02Alarm clocks
    • G04B23/03Alarm signal stop arrangements

Abstract

An alarm clock or watch which includes a hammer pivotally mounted for reciprocal movement intermittently to engage a gong to produce an audible noise, and a trip member and a switch member each independently movable between a respective first position at which it intercepts the hammer to prevent or restrict movement of the hammer and a respective second position at which it does not so prevent or restrict movement of the hammer, the trip member being resiliently mounted and the hammer having an angled face at a portion which can contact the trip member whereby if the trip member is moved from its second position to its first position when the hammer is in a position such that the trip spring in its first position lies between the hammer and the rest position of the hammer and when, if the switch member is moved to its first position, the angled face of the hammer can cam the trip member out of the path of the hammer to permit the hammer to return to a rest position without damage to the trip member or the hammer.

Description

United States Patent Lee et al. 1 51 July 25, 1972 s41 ALARM CLOCKS AND WATCHES 117,909 6/1957 Great Britain ..ss/21.1s

" Inventors: of L: is: Wm both Primary Examiner-Richard B. Wilkinson Assistant Examiner-Lawrence R. Franklin [73] Assignee: Eaten Time Limited, Kowloon, Hong Attorney-Oberlin. Msky. Donneliy & Renner Kong 221 Filed: July 1, 1910 [571 An alarm clock or watch which includes a hammer pivotally [2|] AWL mounted for reciprocal movement intermittently to engage a gong to produce an audible noise, and a trip member and a [30] Foreign Application Priority Data switch member each independently movable between a respective first position at which it intercepts the hammer to June 26, 1969 Great Bntam ..32,386l69 maven! of mm movement at the hammer and a respccflvc 52] us. 01. ..58l2l.l5 58157.5 2 531 Field oiSenr'eh.., ..G04b/23ll2; 58/16, 21.13. 21.16, ""5 5" 58/575 mounted and the hammer having an angled face at a poruon which can contact the trip member whereby if the trip [561 Mm CM member is moved from its second position to its first position when the hammer is in a position such that the trip spring in its UNITED STATES PATENTS first position iies between the hammer and the rest position of 3,210,925 10/1965 Hepler ..S8/57.5

the hammer and when, if the switch member is moved to its first position, the angled face of the hammer can cam the trip l,206,373 l [/1916 Porter ....$8/2l.15 2,491,294 12/1949 Adduci ..58/2l.15 "3 hamm" "3 to return to a rest position without damage to the trip member FOREIGN PATENTS on APPLICATIONS or 782,720 9/1957 Great Britain ..58/2l.15 4 Cllllll, 6 Driving Figures 1 //[/7 hi i ,1), I L

\ I i l I I "i 1 I Patented July 25, 1972 4 Sheets-Shut 1 Patented JuIy 25, 1972 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented July 25, 1972 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Patented July 25, 1972 3,678,679

4 Sheets-Shut 4 ALARM CLOCKS AND WATCHES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to improvements in alarm clocks and watches.

According to the invention there is provided an alarm clock or watch including a hammer pivotally mounted for reciprocal movement intermittently to engage a gong to produce an audible noise, and a trip member and a switch each independently movable between a respective first position at which it intercepts the hammer to prevent or restrict movement of the hammer and a respective second position at which it does not so prevent or restrict movement of the hammer, in which movement of the switch member from its second to its first position is effective to ensure that the hammer m moved to a rest position adjacent a determined one of the extremities of its reciprocal movement and in which the trip member is resiliently mounted and the hammer has an angled face at a portion which contacts the trip member in the first position of the trip member, whereby if the trip member is moved from its second position to its first position when the hammer is in a position such that the trip spring in its first position lies between the hammer and the rest position of the hammer and the switch member is subsequently moved from its second position to its first position, the angled face of the hammer earns the trip member out of the path of the hammer to permit the hammer to return to its said rest position without damage to the trip member or the hammer.

The trip member is advantageously a spring, the position of which is controlled by a gear train coupled to the normal timekeeping mechanism of the clock or watch so that at a determined and settable instant the trip member is moved from its first position into its second position to permit oscillation of the hammer to strike the bell or the like. The switch member is advantageously an axially movable pin having at its outer end a button for engagement by a finger of an operator, depression of the button moving the switch member from its second position into its first position to prevent further oscillation of the hammer.

The angled face of the hammer is advantageously provided on a triangular lug projecting from the hammer and the axially movable pin forming the switch member is advantageously conically pointed at the end which engages the hammer whereby depression of the switch member when an edge of the hammer lies therebeneath causes camming of the hammer into the rest position.

PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION The invention is diagrammatically illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. I is a front view of an alarm clock or watch according to the invention with a trip member and a switch each in their respective second positions;

FIG. 2 is a plan view taken on line ll-II of FIG. I; and

FIGS. 3a to 3d illustrate a progressive changeover of relative position of a hammer and a trip member in an alarm clock or watch according to the invention.

Referring to the drawings, an alarm clock or watch comprises two gear trains 12, 15 running in pivot holes provided in parallel plates, namely a front plate 9 and a back plate 10, with a dial 8 disposed parallel to the plates 9 and I0. One of the gear trains 12 transmits a torque stored in a wound-up mainspring I3 through an escapement II to oscillate a hammer 3 through a predetermined amplitude and duration. The other gear train I transmits the torque stored in the same said wound-up mainspring 13 to rotate an hour wheel 6 at controlled angular velocity and to cause the normal movement of hands of the clock or watch by a mechanism of known kind.

The oscillation of the hammer 3 can be controlled by (a) a switch staff I and (b) a trip spring 4, as described below.

The switch staff I can be reciprocated axially by manual pressure within a bush 2 which is rivetted to the back plate thecircurnferenceoftheswitchstafflislocated within the angular oscillation limits of the hammer 3. The end of the switch staff I between the front plate 9 and the back plate 10 is formed to a conical point. In the uppermost position of the switch stall I the conical point thereof clears the hammer 3 allowing free oscillation of the hammer 3. The switch staff I is then in its second" position. (FIGS. I and 30). When the switch staff 1 is pushed in manually in the direction of arrow B of FIG. 3b, the conical point ensures a gradual engagement with the edge of the hammer 3, (FIGS. 3!: and 3:), thereby rotating the hammer 3 clockwise as shown by arrow A in FIG. 2. At the lowest position of the switch staff I (FIG. 3d), the circumference of the switch staff I lies within the angular oscillation limits of the hammer 3 and oscillation of the hammer 3 is prevented. The switch stafl' I is then in its "first" position.

The hammer 3 ha a triangular hammer lug 3a thereon. The trip spring 4 is fixed at one end to the front plate 9 (the right hand end as shown in FIG. 2), the other end being bent and extending towarch the hammer lug 3a through an opening in the front plate 9. The free position of the trip spring 4 is farther away from the front plate 9 as shown in dotted lines in FIG. 1 but it is oompresed by the hour wheel 6 to its second position as shown in FIG. I or to its first" position as shown in FIGS. 30 to 3d. The hour wheel 6 is provided with two cam lugs 7 to engage two corresponding openings in an indicator wheel 5. The hour wheel 6 is driven to rotate about the same ax'n as the indicator wheel 5 through the gear train 15 by the torque restored in the wound-up mainspring 13. The indicator wheel 5 is normally stationary but can be manually rotated to any desired angular position. Rotation of the hour wheel 6 permits the cam lugs 7 to engage in the openings in the indicator wheel 5, to permit the hour wheel 6 to move axially towards the indicator wheel 5 under the bias of the trip spring 4, to permit said other end of the trip spring 4 to move to its second" position (shown in full lines in FIG. I), in which it does not interfere with oscillation of the hammer 3. Further rotation of the hour wheel 6 beyond a determined extent will cause the cam lugs 7 to lift the hour wheel 6 away from the indicator wheel 5 to move the trip spring 4 to its first position (FIGS. 3:: and 34'), in which the end of the trip spring 4 lies within the path of oscillation of the hammer lug 3a and prevents oscillation of the hammer 3.

In operation, when the switch staff I and the trip spring 4 are respectively in their "second" positions, the hammer 3 is free to oscillate and to strike a gong 14, to produce an audible noise, until the end of its predetermined period. The hour wheel 6 rotation continues, and lifts the trip spring 4 to engage the hammer lug 30 as described above. The trip spring 4 engages the hammer lug 30 either on the inside or on the outside of hammer lug 30 depending on the final position adopted by the hammer 3 at the end of its oscillation period.

When the end of the trip spring 4 engages the hammer lug 30 on the outside of the hammer lug 3a manual push-in of the switch staff I results in a clockwise angular displacement of the hammer 3 about its pivot in the direction of arrow A of FIG. 2, with the hammer lugs 30 simultaneously moving away from the end of the trip spring 4 to the position shown in FIG. 3d.

When the end of the trip spring 4 engages the hammer lug 30 on the imide ofthe hammer lug 30, (as shown in FIG. 3a) manual push-in of the switch staff 1 results in a clockwise angular displacement of the hammer 3 about its pivot in the direction of arrow A of FIG. 2, to cause the hammer lug 3a to besragainsttheend ofthe tripspring4.

The inside face of the hammer lug 3a is angled so that, as shown sequentially in FIGS. 30 to 3d. when the hammer lug 3a bears against the end of the trip spring 4, as a result of movement of the switch staff I to its first position, the angled face of the hammer lug 30 causes the trip spring 4 to spring downwards in the direction of arrow C of FIG. 3b as the hammer 3 is turned clockwise by the switch staff I in the to predetermined limits. As shown sectioned in FIG. 2, partof direction of arrow A. Further push-in of the switch staff I forces the trip spring 4 further downwards as the hammer 3 is rotated further clockwise until a point D on the hammer lug 30 (FIG. 3b) is reached and passed and the trip spring 4 can spring upwardly and rest against the outside of the hammer lug 30.

Thus, regardless of the position of the hammer 3 at the end of its oscillation, the switch staff 1 can be pressed in, to its first position, without risk of damage to the hammer 3 or the bearings on which the hammer 3 is mounted, since movement of the hammer 3 is not prevented by the trip spring 4. The push-in section of the switch staff I always restores the hammer 3 to a rest position with the trip spring 4 always on the outside of the hammer lug 3a. as shown in FIG. 3d.

We claim:

1. An alarm mechanism comprising, a hammer pivotally mounted for reciprocal movement intermittently to engage sound producing means to produce an audible noise. a resiliently mounted trip member movable between a first hammer restricting position and a second hammer freeing position under the control of an horological movement, and a switch member. said switch member comprising an axially movable pin having an exposed outer end engageable by the operator for moving said pin independently of said trip member from a second position spaced from the plane of movement of said hammer to permit oscillation of the latter to an inner, first position engaging said hammer for moving the same to a rest position thereby restricting movement of said hammer, said hammer being formed with a lug having a straight face which cooperates with said trip member in said first position to restrict said hammer and an angled face which contacts said trip member in the first position of said trip member, whereby if said trip member is moved from its second position to its first position when said hammer is in a position such that said trip member in its first position lies between said hammer and the rest position of said hammer, and said switch member is subsequently moved from its second position to its first position. the angled face of said hammer cams said trip member out of the path of said hammer to permit said hammer to return to its said rest position without damage to said trip member or to said hammer.

2. An alarm mechanism as claimed in claim I. wherein said trip member is a spring.

3. An alarm mechanism as claimed in claim I. wherein said lug is a triangular projection from said hammer.

4. An alarm mechanism according to claim 1. wherein said axially movable pin is oonically pointed at its inner end which engages said hammer, whereby depresion of said pin when an edge of said hammer lies therebeneath causes camming of said hammer into its rest position.

i I i l

Claims (4)

1. An alarm mechanism comprising, a hammer pivotally mounted for reciprocal movement intermittently to engage sound producing means to produce an audible noise, a resiliently mounted trip member movable between a first hammer restricting position and a second hammer freeing position under the control of an horological movement, and a switch member, said switch member comprising an axially movable pin having an exposed outer end engageable by the operator for moving said pin independently of said trip member from a second position spaced from the plane of movement of said hammer to permit oscillation of the latter to an inner, first position engaging said hammer for moving the same to a rest position thereby restricting movement of said hammer, said hammer being formed with a lug having a straight face which cooperates with said trip member in said first position to restrict said hammer and an angled face which contacts said trip member in the first position of said trip member, whereby if said trip member is moved from its second position to its first Position when said hammer is in a position such that said trip member in its first position lies between said hammer and the rest position of said hammer, and said switch member is subsequently moved from its second position to its first position, the angled face of said hammer cams said trip member out of the path of said hammer to permit said hammer to return to its said rest position without damage to said trip member or to said hammer.
2. An alarm mechanism as claimed in claim 1, wherein said trip member is a spring.
3. An alarm mechanism as claimed in claim 1, wherein said lug is a triangular projection from said hammer.
4. An alarm mechanism according to claim 1, wherein said axially movable pin is conically pointed at its inner end which engages said hammer, whereby depression of said pin when an edge of said hammer lies therebeneath causes camming of said hammer into its rest position.
US3678679A 1969-06-26 1970-07-07 Alarm clocks and watches Expired - Lifetime US3678679A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB3238669A GB1217647A (en) 1969-06-26 1969-06-26 Improvements relating to alarm clock and watches

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US3678679A true US3678679A (en) 1972-07-25

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US3678679A Expired - Lifetime US3678679A (en) 1969-06-26 1970-07-07 Alarm clocks and watches

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4999821A (en) * 1989-10-30 1991-03-12 Kirkland Ephraim A Truck driver's wake-up device
US20030137902A1 (en) * 2002-01-18 2003-07-24 Mamoru Watanabe Hand motion irregularity suppressed timepiece

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB777909A (en) *
US1206373A (en) * 1915-07-02 1916-11-28 New Haven Clock Co Eight-day alarm-clock.
US2491294A (en) * 1946-09-20 1949-12-13 United States Time Corp Alarm set and stop mechanism
GB782720A (en) * 1954-08-28 1957-09-11 Tavannes Watch Co Sa Improvements in and relating to an alarum time-piece
US3210925A (en) * 1963-07-08 1965-10-12 Robert J Hepler Alarm stop watch

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB777909A (en) *
US1206373A (en) * 1915-07-02 1916-11-28 New Haven Clock Co Eight-day alarm-clock.
US2491294A (en) * 1946-09-20 1949-12-13 United States Time Corp Alarm set and stop mechanism
GB782720A (en) * 1954-08-28 1957-09-11 Tavannes Watch Co Sa Improvements in and relating to an alarum time-piece
US3210925A (en) * 1963-07-08 1965-10-12 Robert J Hepler Alarm stop watch

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4999821A (en) * 1989-10-30 1991-03-12 Kirkland Ephraim A Truck driver's wake-up device
US20030137902A1 (en) * 2002-01-18 2003-07-24 Mamoru Watanabe Hand motion irregularity suppressed timepiece
US6755567B2 (en) * 2002-01-18 2004-06-29 Seiko Instruments Inc. Hand motion irregularity suppressed timepiece

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB1217647A (en) 1970-12-31 application
DE2031131B2 (en) 1973-08-09 application
DE2031131C3 (en) 1974-02-28 grant
DE2031131A1 (en) 1971-01-28 application

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