US3675760A - Roller slat conveyor - Google Patents

Roller slat conveyor Download PDF

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Publication number
US3675760A
US3675760A US3675760DA US3675760A US 3675760 A US3675760 A US 3675760A US 3675760D A US3675760D A US 3675760DA US 3675760 A US3675760 A US 3675760A
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Prior art keywords
roller
conveyor
driven
rollers
slat conveyor
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Benjamin S Burrage
George S Blair
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GERRARD CO Ltd
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GERRARD CO Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING; SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS; PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/24Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface comprising a series of rollers which are moved, e.g. over a supporting surface, by the traction element to effect conveyance of loads or load-carriers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING; SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS; PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles

Abstract

The speed of articles carried on a conveyor formed of freeturning rollers may be modified by applying to the rollers a driven brake.

Description

United States Patent Burrage et al.

[4 1 July 11,1972

[54] ROLLER SLAT CONVEYOR |72| Inventors. Benjamin S. Burrage, Scarborough. Ontario; George S. Blair, Willowdale, Ontario, both of Canada Gerrard Company Ltd., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada [22] Filed: Nov. 25, 1969 [21] Appl.No.: 879,812

[73] Assignee:

..l98/l83 [51] Int. Cl ..B65g 17/12 [58] Field ofSearch 198/183 Primary Examiner-Edward A. Sroka AttameyDouglas S. Johnson ABSTRACT The speed of articles carried on a conveyor formed of freetuming rollers may be modified by applying to the rollers a driven brake.

ZCIaimsJDrawingFigure PATENTEBJUL 1 1 m2 INVENTORS GEORGE S. BLAIR ENJAMIN S BU RAGE Attorney ROLLER SLAT CONVEYOR FIELD OF THE INVENTION carried on a roller slat conveyor.

DESCRIPTION OF PRIOR ART Conveyors of the chain-carrying roller slat type 'have proved very satisfactory in newspaper dispatch rooms for many years,

such conveyors carrying stacked bundles of newspapers supplied from stacks fed in turn from the presses.

Application of top and bottom brake shoes to roller slat conveyors, see U.S. Pats. No. 2,959,273 and No. 3,406,810, have permitted control of their speed for spacing, stopping, starting, etc. of the stacks of newspapers, which control assists in the packaging process. All such conveyors modified by brake shoes as described in the above-mentioned patents have worked in the speed range of 50 to 70 ft./min.

With the advent of high-speed presses providing about 70,000 copies per hour, hand flying from the standard paper dispatch conveyor on to the mailing room conveyor is no longer possible and stacking machines have been developed to automatically take care of this function. They are arranged to deliver stacks of newspapers at rates up to one stack per second. Discharge rates of stacks of newspapers from the stacker are as high as 240 ft./min. Because each newspaper in the stack has a double fold, one comer of the stack is high and the other low. As a result, stacks of newspapers delivered from a stacker on to a standard roller slat conveyor tend to spill when they are subjected to deceleration, this tendency increasing with increased change in speed.

Stacker manufacturers have endeavoured to overcome this problem by transporting the stacks over a series of belts with each belt being run at a somewhat slower speed than the previous belt. However it has been found that the results with this arrangement are sufficiently inconsistent to still make it necessary to employ a man at the stack output to manually ensure that none of the stacks is spilled.

As already mentioned, roller slat conveyors have been developed using brake shoes whereby the speed of movement of the article thereon may be varied. However, the control of such conveyors is not sufficiently accurate at a high speed of stacking in order to prevent spillage because the support rail on the underside of the conveyor imparts various degrees of spin to the rollers as they move along and off the rail to the position where the stacks are received.

Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a roller slat conveyor in which the reverse spin imparted to the rollers as a result of their movement on the support rail 0n the underside of the conveyor is corrected and a forward spin imparted to the rollers.

SUMMARY The invention consists in providing a driven friction member, located on the conveyor frame, which member is rotatable at any desired speed, the member being in contact with the rollers of the conveyor after they leave the support rail.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The invention will now be described in relation to the accompanying drawing which is a perspective view, with parts cut away, of one end portion of a roller slat conveyor, including a driven friction member constructed. according to a preferred embodiment of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT With reference to the drawing, an end portion of a roller slat conveyor, generally denoted by the numeral 10, is shown, this conveyor being of the type illustrated in US. Pat. No. 2,959,273 issued Nov. 8, 1960. It will be understood that the invcntion is equally applicable to any endless roller slat conveyor in which the rollers translated during conveyor operation are mounted for rotation.

The moving operation of the conveyor 10 comprises a pair of spaced-apart, endless, chain-like forms, generally denoted by the numeral 12. These endless elements 12 comprise a plurality of triangular bearing links 14 connected together by coupling links 16.

As illustrated, the links 14 and 16 are supported by rails 18 mounted on a suitable support, not shown. The links 14 and 16 of each chain-like form 12 pass over end sprockets 20 I which are mounted on a suitable drive shaft 24.

As illustrated more particularly in the drawing, the endless conveyor 10 comprises in addition to the spaced-apart endless elements 12, cross slats in the form of rollers 26 carried by shafts 28 joumaled in opposed bearing links 14 of the endless chain elements 12.

The roller slat conveyor 10 so far described is of conventional design and in itself forms no part of the present invention and in this arrangement the rollers 26 aregiven a reverse spin in relation to the forward movement due to contact with the support rail 18. Consequently, when these rollers 26 leave the support rail 18 they continue to spin in this manner so that when they arrive at the top, the spin is in the reverse direction to that of the forward translation of the rollers 26.

The. invention consists in providing a rotatable friction member 30which is illustrated more particularly in the drawing. The rotatable friction member 30 is in the form of a hollow roller provided at each end with bearings 32 which are in 0 contact with the drive shaft 24. The rotatable member 30 is prevented from transverse movement along the drive shaft 24 by means of collars 36 and 38 which are fixedly secured to the shaft 24 be means of keys 40 and 42, respectively.

The surface of the rotatable member 30 is provided with a rubber or other friction covering 46 and is of a thickness which ensures its contact with the conveyor rollers 26 at the end of the conveyor 10 and after the rollers 26 leave the support rail 18.

As illustrated more particularly in the drawing, the rotatable member 30 is driven by a suitable sprocket 50 and a chain 52, the other end of the latter surrounding a sprocket 54 held in place by a collar 56 located on a drive shaft 58. For simplicity of operation, the drive shaft 58 is driven by means of cooperating gears 60 and 62, the latter being secured to a sprocket 64 with surrounding chain 66, the other end of the latter surrounding a sprocket 68 which is keyed to the drive shaft 24, which in turn drives the endless elements 12.

The action of the rotatable friction member 30 and the rollers 26 is as follows. The support rail 18 provides the rollers 26 with reverse spin in relation to the forward movement and if this is not corrected, the result would be that the rollers 26 could have a zero surface speed when they come to the top of the conveyor, though this would eventually change to provide a surface speed which matches the speed of the chain links 14. However, as already indicated, the reverse spin makes it impossible for the conveyor 10 to remove stacks of newspapers without spillage. In order to correct this spin, a forward spin is given to the rollers through operation of the rotatable friction member 30, this being driven in the same direction as the chain links 14 with the result that the rollers 26 as they arrive at the top of the conveyor 10 are provided with a desired surface speed depending on the ratio of the drive gears and and said drive means for driving said roller slat conveyor includes a sprocket engageable with said chain links at one side of said conveyor; said sprocket being secured to a drive shaft, alrlid said driven friction member being connected to said drive s aft.

Claims (2)

1. A roller slat conveyor having upper and lower reaches and having the roller slats thereof rotatable and freely supported at their ends; drive means for driving said roller slat conveyor; and driven friction member means to drive the roller slats of said conveyor, one at a time, seriatim, so that the driven direction of rotation of the upper side of each driven roller slat, in turn, is in the same direction as the direction of travel of the roller slats in said upper reach; wherein said driven friction member is a friction roller.
2. A roller slat conveyor according to claim 1, wherein the ends of said roller slats are bearingly engaged in chain links; and said drive means for driving said roller slat conveyor includes a sprocket engageable with said chain links at one side of said conveyor; said sprocket being secured to a drive shaft, and said driven friction member being connected to said drive shaft.
US3675760A 1969-11-25 1969-11-25 Roller slat conveyor Expired - Lifetime US3675760A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5123522A (en) * 1991-02-11 1992-06-23 Sks Equipment Company Sealing head bridging conveyor
US20060070857A1 (en) * 2004-09-28 2006-04-06 Fourney Matthew L Apparatus and methods for high speed conveyor switching
US20070034481A1 (en) * 2005-08-15 2007-02-15 Materials Handling Systems, Inc. Systems and methods for providing an improved timing conveyor
US20080023301A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2008-01-31 Laitram, L.L.C. Apparatus and methods for conveying objects
US7360641B1 (en) * 2007-04-13 2008-04-22 Laitram, L.L.C. Conveyor belt having rollers that displace objects
US20080128246A1 (en) * 2006-11-27 2008-06-05 Richard Anderson Compressing and conveying article through shrink packaging machine
US8225922B1 (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-07-24 Laitram, L.L.C. Transverse driven-roller belt and conveyor
US8424675B2 (en) 2010-06-15 2013-04-23 Laitram, L.L.C. Conveyor belt with wear-tolerant stacked rollers
US9010523B2 (en) 2011-05-02 2015-04-21 Laitram, L.L.C. Low back-pressure accumulation system
US9908705B2 (en) 2016-02-04 2018-03-06 Fruit Growers Supply Company Apparatus for conveying items and drive system therefor

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2124010A (en) * 1936-04-25 1938-07-19 Thermal Engineering Corp Apparatus for treating canned materials
NL6605454A (en) * 1966-04-22 1967-10-23
US3373860A (en) * 1965-06-02 1968-03-19 Greer J W Co Conveyor system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2124010A (en) * 1936-04-25 1938-07-19 Thermal Engineering Corp Apparatus for treating canned materials
US3373860A (en) * 1965-06-02 1968-03-19 Greer J W Co Conveyor system
NL6605454A (en) * 1966-04-22 1967-10-23

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5123522A (en) * 1991-02-11 1992-06-23 Sks Equipment Company Sealing head bridging conveyor
US7537106B2 (en) 2003-11-21 2009-05-26 Laitram, L.L.C. Apparatus and methods for conveying objects
US20080023301A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2008-01-31 Laitram, L.L.C. Apparatus and methods for conveying objects
US7249669B2 (en) 2004-09-28 2007-07-31 Laitram, L.L.C. Apparatus and methods for high speed conveyor switching
US20060070857A1 (en) * 2004-09-28 2006-04-06 Fourney Matthew L Apparatus and methods for high speed conveyor switching
US20070034481A1 (en) * 2005-08-15 2007-02-15 Materials Handling Systems, Inc. Systems and methods for providing an improved timing conveyor
US7311192B2 (en) 2005-08-15 2007-12-25 Laitram, L.L.C. Systems and methods for providing an improved timing conveyor
US20080067038A1 (en) * 2005-08-15 2008-03-20 Laitram, L.L.C. Systems and Methods for Providing an Improved Timing Conveyor
US7426992B2 (en) * 2005-08-15 2008-09-23 Laitram, L.L.C. Systems and methods for providing an improved timing conveyor
US20080128246A1 (en) * 2006-11-27 2008-06-05 Richard Anderson Compressing and conveying article through shrink packaging machine
US7690174B2 (en) * 2006-11-27 2010-04-06 Kpc-Master's Craft International, Inc. Compressing and conveying article through shrink packaging machine
US20080251359A1 (en) * 2007-04-13 2008-10-16 Laitram, L.L.C. Conveyor Belt Having Rollers that Displace Objects
WO2008127805A1 (en) * 2007-04-13 2008-10-23 Laitram, L.L.C. Conveyor belts having rollers that displace objects
US7360641B1 (en) * 2007-04-13 2008-04-22 Laitram, L.L.C. Conveyor belt having rollers that displace objects
US7588137B2 (en) 2007-04-13 2009-09-15 Laitram, L.L.C. Conveyor belt having rollers that displace objects
US8424675B2 (en) 2010-06-15 2013-04-23 Laitram, L.L.C. Conveyor belt with wear-tolerant stacked rollers
US8225922B1 (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-07-24 Laitram, L.L.C. Transverse driven-roller belt and conveyor
US9010523B2 (en) 2011-05-02 2015-04-21 Laitram, L.L.C. Low back-pressure accumulation system
US9908705B2 (en) 2016-02-04 2018-03-06 Fruit Growers Supply Company Apparatus for conveying items and drive system therefor

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