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US3668367A - Electrically heated pads or blankets - Google Patents

Electrically heated pads or blankets Download PDF

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Publication number
US3668367A
US3668367A US3668367DA US3668367A US 3668367 A US3668367 A US 3668367A US 3668367D A US3668367D A US 3668367DA US 3668367 A US3668367 A US 3668367A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
blanket
pad
element
heated
connected
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Frederick R Williams
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DREAMLAND ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES Ltd
DREAMLAND ELECTRICAL APPLIANCE
Original Assignee
DREAMLAND ELECTRICAL APPLIANCE
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B3/00Ohmic-resistance heating
    • H05B3/20Heating elements having extended surface area substantially in a two-dimensional plane, e.g. plate-heater
    • H05B3/34Heating elements having extended surface area substantially in a two-dimensional plane, e.g. plate-heater flexible, e.g. heating nets or webs
    • H05B3/342Heating elements having extended surface area substantially in a two-dimensional plane, e.g. plate-heater flexible, e.g. heating nets or webs heaters used in textiles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/002Heaters using a particular layout for the resistive material or resistive elements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B2203/00Aspects relating to Ohmic resistive heating covered by group H05B3/00
    • H05B2203/002Heaters using a particular layout for the resistive material or resistive elements
    • H05B2203/005Heaters using a particular layout for the resistive material or resistive elements using multiple resistive elements or resistive zones isolated from each other

Abstract

An electrically heated pad or blanket having two heating elements defining two separate electrical circuits, each circuit being connected to a multi-position switch so that they can be connected to a supply of electricity in series or parallel or selectively one at a time, one of the heating elements being longer than the other and having the greater length part disposed in a region not containing the runs of the shorter element so that when placed in parallel there is an even heat distribution over the pad or blanket, when placed in series there is an even heat distribution of less heat and when only one circuit is connected to the supply one area of the pad or blanket is heated at a different temperature to the remaining area of the pad or blanket.

Description

o United States Patent 1151 Williams 1 1 June 6, 1972 [541 ELECTRICALLY HEATED PADS 0R 1,275,225 8/1968 Germany .219/212 BLANKETS 1,105,031 4/1961 Germany.... ...219/212 I 1,] W274 7/1961 Germany.... ...2l9/2l2 2] Inventor: Frederick Williams, Wokmg, England 461,193 2/1937 Great Britain.. ...2l9/486 [73] Asian: Dreamland Electrical Appliances Limied, 586,745 3/ 1947 Great Britain ..2l9/486 Hythe, Southampton, Hampshne, England Primary Examiner C L Albrmon [22] Filed: May 15, 1969 Attorney-Fleit, Gipple & Jacobson [2]] Appl. No.: 824,962 [57] ABSTRACT An electrically heated pad or blanket having two heating ele- [52] U.S.Cl ..2l9/2l2,2l9/486,2l9/529 mems defining two Separate electrical circuits each circuit [51 Int. Cl. ..H05b 1/00 being connected to a multi posmon switch so that they can be [58] FieldofSeai-ch ....2l9/20l,2l2, 486, 482, 529, connected to a suppb, f electricity in Series or paraucl or 5 15 1 527 selectively one at a time, one of the heating elements being longer than the other and having the greater length part [56] References Cit disposed in a region not containing the runs of the shorter element so that when placed in parallel there is an even heat dis- UNITED STATES-PATENTS I tribution over the pad or blanket, when placed in series there 3 385 958 5/1968 Lauck ..219/212 is an even heat distribufim less heat and when only i 2I771Z537 1 1/1956 Lichtenstein ....219 529 9* is the supply blanket is heated at a different temperature to the rernammg area of FORElGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS I the pad r blanket- 979,85l 5/1951 France .7219/212 3 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure [:l mn-Pos/r/o/v sm'rcn F r F r l J r 9 1-1 J J J J DISCLOSURE Electrically Heated Pads or Blankets This invention relates to electrically heated pads or blankets. energized.

Known electrically heated padsor blankets are arranged to be heated substantially uniformly over the whole area of the pad or blanket when the electric heating element is energized.

The present invention aims at providing an electrically heated pad or blanket in which different areas of the pad or blanket can be heated selectively.

According to the present invention there is provided an electrically heated pad or blanket having two heating elements defining two separate electrical circuits, each circuit being connected to a switch adapted to be connected to a supply of electricity and having at least three operating positions so that the two circuits can be connected to the supply either in series or in parallel or connect only one circuit to the supply, the length of one of the heating elements being greater than the other, the elements being disposed in substantially parallel U- shaped runs with a part of the runs of the longer element disposed'in a region of the pad or blanket not containing the runs of the other element, the resistivities of the elements being such that when placed in parallel there is an even heat distribution over the pad or blanket, when placed in series there is an even heat distribution of less heat and when one circuit only is connected to the supply one area of the pad or blanket is heated at a'different temperature to the remaining area of the pad or blanket.

In a pad or blanket of the present invention a portion of the longer element extends over an area different from that over which the other element extends. These areas can be oriented relatively to a designated head and foot of the pad or blanket so that when fitted on a bed and connected appropriately to a source of electrical energy, either the head and the foot of the bed can be heated to different temperatures by the blanket, or the head of the blanket can be heated, or alternatively the blanket can be heated uniformly overall.

The length or electrical characteristics or both of the elements can be chosen so that the heat dissipated per unit area over the area associated with one element or portion is different from the heat dissipated per unit area over the area associated with the other element or portion.

To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, the invention then comprises the features hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in'the claims, the following description and annexed drawing setting forth in detail an illustrative embodiment of the invention, this being indicative, however, of but one way in which the principle of the invention may be employed.

in said annexed drawing the single figure is the plan view of a blanket showing the paths of two different heating elements. One of the ends of the blanket 2 is designated the head portion, while the opposite end of the blanket is designatedthe foot portion. The two ends are differentiated from each other 'by the provision of;a four core electrical supply lead 4 which projects from the head portion of the blanket 2.

Externally of the blanket 2 the lead 4 is connected to a multi-position operating switch, and internally of the blanket the lead 4 is secured to the material of the blanket in a manner which prevents tension on the lead from being applied to the electrical connections between each core 6 in the lead and the respective end of its associated element.

As shown, the blanket 2 comprises separate heating elements 8 and 10 which have different resistances. per unit length. Element 8 defines a U-shaped path having the element extending between the ends of the limbs of the U bent to form a series of U-shaped portions 9 of uniform length.

Element 10 lies within the space defined by element 8, and

comprises a similar U-shaped portion uniformly spaced from the U-shaped portion of element 8.

Extending between the limbs of the U-shaped portion of element 10 are a series of portions which are alternately of greater and shorter lengths, the extensions of shorter length being aligned with the portions 9 of element 8, and with the extensions of greater length lying in the spaces defined between the portions 9.

Because of this configuration the length of element 10 is about one-third longer than the length of element 8, and the resistivities of the material forming the elements 8, 10 is chosen so that when connected to a source of electrical energy the elements 8, l0 dissipatethe same amount of heat. Thus, when both elements 8, 10 are energized in parallel, the blanket 2 is heated uniformly over-all. When energized in series, the blanket 2 is heated uniformly at approximately one quarter heat, but because the elements are distributed nonuniformly different areas of the blanket are heated at different temperatures when the elements are energized selectively.

Other modes of applying the principle of the invention may be employed, change being made as regards the details described, provided the features stated in any of the following claims, or the equivalent of such, be employed.

1, therefore, particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention:

1. An electrically heated pad or blanket having two heating elements defining two separate electrical circuits, each circuit being disposed within said blanket connected to a switch adapted to be connected to a supply of electricity and having at least three operating positions so that thetwo circuits can be connected to the supply either in series or in parallel or connect only one circuit to the supply, the length of one of said heating elements being greater than the other, the elements being disposed in substantially parallel U-shaped runs with a part of the runs of the longer element disposed in a region of the pad or blanket not containing the runs of the other element and another part of the runs of the longer element disposed in a region of the pad or blanket containing the runs of the other element, the resistivities of the elements being such that when placed in parallel there is an even heat distribution over the pad or blanket, when placed in series there is an even heat distribution of less heat and when one circuit is connected to the supply, two areas of said pad or blanket are heated at different temperatures.

I 2. An electrically heated pad or blanket as claimed in claim 1 in which the one circuit which can be connected to the supply is the one including the longer heating element.

3. An electrically heated pad or blanket as claimed in claim 1 in which the circuits can be selectively connected to the supply.

Claims (3)

1. An electrically heated pad or blanket having two heating elements defining two separate electrical circuits, each circuit being disposed within said blanket connected to a switch adapted to be connected to a supply of electricity and having at least three operating positions so that the two circuits can be connected to the supply either in series or in parallel or connect only one circuit to the supply, the length of one of said heating elements being greater than the other, the elements being disposed in substantially parallel U-shaped runs with a part of the runs of the longer element disposed in a region of the pad or blanket not containing the runs of the other element and another part of the runs of the longer element disposed in a region of the pad or blanket containing the runs of the other element, the resistivities of the elements being such that when placed in parallel there is an even heat distribution over the pad or blanket, when placed in series there is an even heat distribution of less heat and when one circuit is connected to the supply, two areas of said pad or blanket are heated at different temperatures.
2. An electrically heated pad or blanket as claimed in claim 1 in which the one circuit which can be connected to the supply is the one including the longer heatiNg element.
3. An electrically heated pad or blanket as claimed in claim 1 in which the circuits can be selectively connected to the supply.
US3668367A 1969-05-15 1969-05-15 Electrically heated pads or blankets Expired - Lifetime US3668367A (en)

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US3668367A Expired - Lifetime US3668367A (en) 1969-05-15 1969-05-15 Electrically heated pads or blankets

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3846620A (en) * 1973-09-24 1974-11-05 Corning Glass Works Electrical heating unit
US3848111A (en) * 1973-09-24 1974-11-12 Corning Glass Works Electrical heating unit
US4230930A (en) * 1979-01-25 1980-10-28 Ford Motor Company Laser welding method for electrical wire connection to a terminal pin of an exhaust gas sensor
US4617453A (en) * 1984-05-22 1986-10-14 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Thyristor controlled power source for gradually decreasing loads
US4659905A (en) * 1985-09-26 1987-04-21 Kenneth Gabrosek Electric blanket
US4675509A (en) * 1983-02-02 1987-06-23 Herbert Kannegiesser Gmbh & Co. Heating device for appliances for gluing sheet-like textile articles
US4902877A (en) * 1984-12-21 1990-02-20 Micropore International Limited Power control for multiple heating elements
WO1994012004A1 (en) * 1992-11-13 1994-05-26 Bruder Healthcare Company Electric heating pad and method of making
GB2355120A (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-04-11 Burco Dean Appliances Ltd Electrically powered heating panel
US6617550B2 (en) * 2002-01-14 2003-09-09 Yoshiji Sowa Electrically heated blanket
US6794610B2 (en) * 2001-09-11 2004-09-21 Sunbeam Products, Inc. Heating blankets with low-current multiple heating elements
US20050016982A1 (en) * 2002-08-05 2005-01-27 Campf Melvin F. Personnel heating assembly
US20060289472A1 (en) * 2002-12-24 2006-12-28 Jean-Claude Beisser Flexible heating mat and production method thereof
US7566846B1 (en) 2006-04-07 2009-07-28 Cynthia Sorensen Multi-zone blanket arrangement
US20140263267A1 (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-18 Certainteed Corporation Roofing product including a heater

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB461193A (en) * 1935-08-09 1937-02-09 Diamond H Switches Ltd Improvements in and relating to supply and switching systems for electric heating apparatus
GB586745A (en) * 1944-09-07 1947-03-28 Albert Streets Improvements in electrically heated blankets and the like
FR979851A (en) * 1949-02-01 1951-05-04 Electric blanket
US2771537A (en) * 1954-06-04 1956-11-20 Morris D Lichtenstein Thermal floor covering
DE1105031B (en) * 1960-02-25 1961-04-20 Busch Jaeger Duerener Metall electrical Heizkissenschalter
DE1110274B (en) * 1957-12-06 1961-07-06 Busch Jaeger Duerener Metall Electric switch for parallel, single and series connection of two resistors of electric Waermegeraete, in particular heating pad
US3385958A (en) * 1965-05-10 1968-05-28 Robert H Myers Electric blanket
DE1275225B (en) * 1964-03-11 1968-08-14 Monette Kabel & Elektro Strangfoermiges electrical heating element

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB461193A (en) * 1935-08-09 1937-02-09 Diamond H Switches Ltd Improvements in and relating to supply and switching systems for electric heating apparatus
GB586745A (en) * 1944-09-07 1947-03-28 Albert Streets Improvements in electrically heated blankets and the like
FR979851A (en) * 1949-02-01 1951-05-04 Electric blanket
US2771537A (en) * 1954-06-04 1956-11-20 Morris D Lichtenstein Thermal floor covering
DE1110274B (en) * 1957-12-06 1961-07-06 Busch Jaeger Duerener Metall Electric switch for parallel, single and series connection of two resistors of electric Waermegeraete, in particular heating pad
DE1105031B (en) * 1960-02-25 1961-04-20 Busch Jaeger Duerener Metall electrical Heizkissenschalter
DE1275225B (en) * 1964-03-11 1968-08-14 Monette Kabel & Elektro Strangfoermiges electrical heating element
US3385958A (en) * 1965-05-10 1968-05-28 Robert H Myers Electric blanket

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3846620A (en) * 1973-09-24 1974-11-05 Corning Glass Works Electrical heating unit
US3848111A (en) * 1973-09-24 1974-11-12 Corning Glass Works Electrical heating unit
US4230930A (en) * 1979-01-25 1980-10-28 Ford Motor Company Laser welding method for electrical wire connection to a terminal pin of an exhaust gas sensor
US4675509A (en) * 1983-02-02 1987-06-23 Herbert Kannegiesser Gmbh & Co. Heating device for appliances for gluing sheet-like textile articles
US4617453A (en) * 1984-05-22 1986-10-14 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Thyristor controlled power source for gradually decreasing loads
US4902877A (en) * 1984-12-21 1990-02-20 Micropore International Limited Power control for multiple heating elements
US4659905A (en) * 1985-09-26 1987-04-21 Kenneth Gabrosek Electric blanket
WO1994012004A1 (en) * 1992-11-13 1994-05-26 Bruder Healthcare Company Electric heating pad and method of making
US5432322A (en) * 1992-11-13 1995-07-11 Bruder Healthcare Company Electric heating pad
GB2355120A (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-04-11 Burco Dean Appliances Ltd Electrically powered heating panel
US6794610B2 (en) * 2001-09-11 2004-09-21 Sunbeam Products, Inc. Heating blankets with low-current multiple heating elements
US6617550B2 (en) * 2002-01-14 2003-09-09 Yoshiji Sowa Electrically heated blanket
US20050016982A1 (en) * 2002-08-05 2005-01-27 Campf Melvin F. Personnel heating assembly
US7319207B2 (en) * 2002-08-05 2008-01-15 Thermogear, Inc. Personnel heating assembly
US20060289472A1 (en) * 2002-12-24 2006-12-28 Jean-Claude Beisser Flexible heating mat and production method thereof
US7566846B1 (en) 2006-04-07 2009-07-28 Cynthia Sorensen Multi-zone blanket arrangement
US20140263267A1 (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-18 Certainteed Corporation Roofing product including a heater

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