Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Flowable dunnage apparatus and method of packaging with flowable and compliable inflated dunnage material

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3667593A
US3667593A US3667593DA US3667593A US 3667593 A US3667593 A US 3667593A US 3667593D A US3667593D A US 3667593DA US 3667593 A US3667593 A US 3667593A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
container
capsules
dunnage
outer
fig
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
John M Pendleton
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JOHN M PENDLETON
Original Assignee
John M Pendleton
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/02Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by heating, with or without pressure
    • B29C65/18Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by heating, with or without pressure using heated tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/74Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor by welding and severing, or by joining and severing, the severing being performed in the area to be joined, next to the area to be joined, in the joint area or next to the joint area
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/03After-treatments in the joint area
    • B29C66/032Mechanical after-treatments
    • B29C66/0326Cutting, e.g. by using waterjets, or perforating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/05Particular design of joint configurations
    • B29C66/10Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint cross-sections
    • B29C66/11Joint cross-sections comprising a single joint-segment, i.e. one of the parts to be joined comprising a single joint-segment in the joint cross-section
    • B29C66/112Single lapped joints
    • B29C66/1122Single lap to lap joints, i.e. overlap joints
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/05Particular design of joint configurations
    • B29C66/20Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines
    • B29C66/24Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight
    • B29C66/242Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours
    • B29C66/2422Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours being circular, oval or elliptical
    • B29C66/24221Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours being circular, oval or elliptical being circular
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/05Particular design of joint configurations
    • B29C66/20Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines
    • B29C66/24Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight
    • B29C66/242Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours
    • B29C66/2424Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours being a closed polygonal chain
    • B29C66/24241Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours being a closed polygonal chain forming a triangle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/05Particular design of joint configurations
    • B29C66/20Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines
    • B29C66/24Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight
    • B29C66/242Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours
    • B29C66/2424Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours being a closed polygonal chain
    • B29C66/24243Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours being a closed polygonal chain forming a quadrilateral
    • B29C66/24244Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint lines, e.g. of the weld lines said joint lines being closed or non-straight said joint lines being closed, i.e. forming closed contours being a closed polygonal chain forming a quadrilateral forming a rectangle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/40General aspects of joining substantially flat articles, e.g. plates, sheets or web-like materials; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles; Joining single elements to substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/41Joining substantially flat articles ; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles
    • B29C66/43Joining a relatively small portion of the surface of said articles
    • B29C66/439Joining sheets for making inflated articles without using a mould
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/81General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/814General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/8141General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/81427General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined comprising a single ridge, e.g. for making a weakening line; comprising a single tooth
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/81General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/814General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/8141General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/81431General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined comprising a single cavity, e.g. a groove
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/83General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof characterised by the movement of the joining or pressing tools
    • B29C66/834General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof characterised by the movement of the joining or pressing tools moving with the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/8341Roller, cylinder or drum types; Band or belt types; Ball types
    • B29C66/83411Roller, cylinder or drum types
    • B29C66/83413Roller, cylinder or drum types cooperating rollers, cylinders or drums
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/83General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof characterised by the movement of the joining or pressing tools
    • B29C66/834General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof characterised by the movement of the joining or pressing tools moving with the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/8351Jaws mounted on rollers, cylinders, drums, bands, belts or chains; Flying jaws
    • B29C66/83511Jaws mounted on rollers, cylinders, drums, bands, belts or chains; Flying jaws jaws mounted on rollers, cylinders or drums
    • B29C66/83513Jaws mounted on rollers, cylinders, drums, bands, belts or chains; Flying jaws jaws mounted on rollers, cylinders or drums cooperating jaws mounted on rollers, cylinders or drums and moving in a closed path
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31DMAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B31B OR B31C
    • B31D5/00Multiple-step processes for making three-dimensional articles ; Making three-dimensional articles
    • B31D5/0039Multiple-step processes for making three-dimensional articles ; Making three-dimensional articles for making dunnage or cushion pads
    • B31D5/0073Multiple-step processes for making three-dimensional articles ; Making three-dimensional articles for making dunnage or cushion pads including pillow forming
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/40Packages formed by enclosing successive articles, or increments of material, in webs, e.g. folded or tubular webs, or by subdividing tubes filled with liquid, semi-liquid, or plastic materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/02Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage
    • B65D81/05Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents
    • B65D81/09Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents using flowable discrete elements of shock-absorbing material, e.g. pellets, popcorn
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2793/00Shaping techniques involving a cutting or machining operation
    • B29C2793/0009Cutting out
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C2793/00Shaping techniques involving a cutting or machining operation
    • B29C2793/0027Cutting off
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/70General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material
    • B29C66/71General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material characterised by the composition of the plastics material of the parts to be joined
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/81General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/814General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/8141General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/81411General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined characterised by its cross-section, e.g. transversal or longitudinal, being non-flat
    • B29C66/81421General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined characterised by its cross-section, e.g. transversal or longitudinal, being non-flat being convex or concave
    • B29C66/81423General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the surface geometry of the part of the pressing elements, e.g. welding jaws or clamps, coming into contact with the parts to be joined characterised by its cross-section, e.g. transversal or longitudinal, being non-flat being convex or concave being concave
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2022/00Hollow articles
    • B29L2022/02Inflatable articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/712Containers; Packaging elements or accessories, Packages
    • B29L2031/7138Shock absorbing
    • B29L2031/714Shock absorbing for use in loose form

Abstract

Flowable dunnage apparatus characterized by discrete inflated capsules formed of elastic impervious webs in facing relationship and sealed along their edges with a quantity of air under pressure captured therein, the discrete capsules being of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of an outer container, and the dimensions of smaller articles or containers disposed within the outer container. The discrete capsules are adapted to flow into a partly filled container and to partly fill the interstices thereof, and to fill the outer container to a surcharged condition before the closing thereof. The closing of the outer container, either by placing flaps into position, or by placing a separable closure thereover, exerts pressure on the compliant capsules, causing them to fill the interstices of the outer container substantially completely, and to prevent migration or shifting of smaller containers or articles within the outer container. The invention herein also comprehends a method of packaging with flowable and compliant dunnage material.

Description

United States Patent Pendleton 1 June 6,1972

[72] Inventor: John M. Pendleton, 5080 Maplewood,

Greendale, Wis. 53129 [22] Filed: Mar. 30, 1970 [21] Appl.No.: 23,650

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 777,940, Oct. 1, 1968, abandoned, which is a continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 617,977, Feb. 23, 1967, abandoned.

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,112,365 11/1955 France ..206/46 FR Primary Examiner-William T. Dixson, Jr. Attorney-Richard C. Lindberg [5 7] ABSTRACT Flowable dunnage apparatus characterized by discrete inflated capsules formed of elastic impervious webs in facing relationship and sealed along their edges with a quantity of air under pressure captured therein, the discrete capsules being of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of an outer container, and the dimensions of smaller articles or containers disposed within the outer container. The discrete capsules are adapted to flow into a partly filled container and to partly fill the interstices thereof, and to fill the outer container to a surcharged condition before the closing thereof. The closing of the outer container, either by placing flaps into position, or by placing a separable closure thereover, exerts pressure on the compliant capsules, causing them to fill the interstices of the outer container substantially completely, and to prevent migration or shifting of smaller containers or articles within the outer container.

The invention herein also comprehends a method of packaging with flowable and compliant dunnage material.

5 Claims, 22 Drawing Figures [52] US. Cl. ..206/46 FR, 53/36, 217/53, 206/DIG. 30, 229/14 C [51] Int. Cl. ..B65d 77/26, B65d 81/02, B65d 85/30 [58] Field of Search ..206/46 FR, 46 FC, DIG. 30, 206/56 AA; 229/14 C; 217/53; 156/292; 161/72; 53/36, 37

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,011,930 12/1961 Dworak ..206/DIG. 30 3,285,795 ll/l966 Stein ..206/46 FC PATENTEDJUH s \972 SHEET 10F 5 INVENTOR JOHN MPENDLETON ATTORNEY PATENTED 5 I572 SHEET 2 BF 5 INVENTOR JOHN M. PENDLETON ATTORNEY PATENTEDJUH 6 m2 3,667, 593

SHEET u 0F 5 ENTOR 78 JOHN ENDLETON BY 78 F1619 @Q. M

ATTORNEY PATENTEBJUH 5 1972 3.667, 593

sum 5 OF 5 INVENTOR JOHN M. PEN LETON ATTO R N EY FLOWABLE DUNNAGE APPARATUS AND METHOD OF PACKAGING WITH FLOWABLE AND COIWPLIABLE INFLATED DUNNAGE MATERIAL This application is a continuation in part of PENDLETON application Ser. No. 777,940, filed Oct. 1, 1968, now abandoned, which in turn was a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 617,977, filed Feb. 23, 1967, now abandoned, for Dunnage Article.

The invention herein relates to improvements in special receptacles and packages classified in class 206 and subclass 46 thereof.

The invention herein finds special application where a number of small packages or articles are assembled at a central shipping department and placed into a larger container for shipment to a single consignee. Mail order houses have carried on this practice for many years, and it is the practice to fill the voids or interstices of the outer shipping container with excelsior or shredded newspaper. More recent developments in dunnage for this purpose have included small paper cylinders as disclosed in Stanley U.S. Pat. No. 3,074,543, and Graham U.S. Pat. No. 3,047,136, stranded olefin polymer foam as disclosed in Humbert et al. U.S. Pat. No. 3,251,728, elastomer covered fiber glass as shown in Edelman U.S. Pat. No. 2,579,036, and formed thermoplastic as shown in Holden U.S. Pat. No. 3,188,264.

The use of excelsior or shredded newspaper always presents the problem of storage as well as fire hazard, as do some of the other dunnage materials of the patent art. On the other hand, the dunnage material according to the present invention can be prepared as needed by simple machines, and the storage requirements can thereby be maintained at a minimum.

This application is related to Pendleton application Ser. No. 487,848, filed Sept. 16, 1965 for MACHINE FOR MAKING CUSHIONING PACKAGING MATERIAL OR THE LIKE now U.S. Pat. No. 3,389,534, issued June 25, 1968. Said patent discloses apparatus for making a dunnage article as claimed herein.

Inflated dunnage devices are known in the art, these usually taking the forms as shown in U.S. Pat. Nos. to Cushman 2,978,119; Cushman 2,990,070; Seger 3,131,648; Langenberg 3,145,853; and Feldkamp 3,199,689. The dunnage devices shown in these devices are reuseable, are of large size for cushioning heavy freight loaded into cars, and are inflated to size after being positioned in the car.

The prior art also shows thermoplastic sheet material formed with air bubbles in a vacuum forming process. This material is used as a sheet wrapping material and is not flowable. This material does not lend itself to the formation of discrete capsules and is always used in sheet form.

The flowable dunnage according to the present invention is adapted for use in cushioning a frangible object or smaller cartons shipped in an outer carton or other container. In some cases the flowable dunnage can completely isolate the object or small containers from the sides and top and bottom of such carton or container. In the more common applications where smaller cartons are placed within a larger shipping container, the pressure exerted against the contents keeps them from migrating or shifting in the rough handling encountered in transit. The flowable dunnage herein is in the form of discrete capsules formed from films having good bursting strength and having a quantity of air entrapped therein under pressure. The capsules are formed preferably in a heat sealing process. Polyethylene or polyvinylchloride, poly coated cellophane film materials are examples of films having the property of being heat sealable, the property of good bursting strength, as well as the property of being impervious, so that the capsules may be inflated and remain so until used.

With the foregoing considerations in mind, it is a principal object of this invention to provide flowable dunnage apparatus consisting of discrete inflated capsules formed by the sealing of elongated webs along one or both edges thereof, and transversely sealing the webs during the sealing process to provide a series of joined capsules containing occluded air under pressure, and capable of being severed along a transverse seal to provide the discrete dunnage article.

Another object is to provide a method of packaging with discrete elastic inflated, impervious and compliant dunnage articles, the method comprehending flowing the dunnage articles into a partly filled container to surcharge the container and then closing the surcharged container in such a fashion as to place pressure on the capsules whereby their compliance will cause the capsules to flow" about the articles in the container and substantially eliminate all voids within the container.

Yet another object comprehends dunnage apparatus characterized by extremely light weight dunnage capsules or minuscule dimension as compared to the outer container and the articles within the container, such capsules being formed of elastic, impervious and compliant films in facing relationship, sealed along their edges and containing a quantity of air under pressure.

IN THE DRAWINGS:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a discrete dunnage capsule adapted to be used with the dunnage apparatus according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing the dunnage capsule of FIG. 1 connected as a strip thereof;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing an alternate form of the dunnage capsule;

FIG. 4 shows the manner in which the discrete dunnage capsules may be distributed about a frangible object to isolate the same from the walls of a container;

FIG. 5 shows the manner in which a strip of the discrete dunnage capsules may be wound about an object to isolate the same from the walls of a container; FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a pair of moving webs being sealed along their edges, and showing the introduction of air between the webs for the purpose of inflating the tube formed by sealing of the webs along their edges prior to transversely sealing the tube to form the series of inflated capsules, which later are adapted to be severed into discrete dunnage capsules;

FIG. 7 is a similar view to that shown in FIG. 6 in which a single web of material is folded longitudinally and sealed at one longitudinal edge in the formation of the dunnage capsule;

FIG. 8 is an isometric view showing an outer flapped container partly filled with smaller containers and ready to receive the dunnage capsules;

FIG. 9 shows the container of FIG. 8 filled to a surcharged condition with capsules;

FIG. 10 is a vertical section through the container of FIG. 8, showing the smaller containers placed therein, and the dunnage capsules flowing into the outer container and around the smaller containers therein;

FIG. 11 shows the container of FIG. 10 filled to a surcharged condition with the dunnage capsules;

FIG. 12 shows the outer container of FIGS. 9 to 11 with the flaps thereof closed to exert pressure against the dunnage capsules with the containers within the outer container held against movement by such pressure;

FIG. 13 is an isometric view of structure for forming a dunnage capsule having a difi'erent configuration from that seen in the previous figures;

FIG. 14 is a vertical section taken through the capsule forming rollers of FIG. 13;

FIG. 15 is a plan view of a series of connected capsules formed in the apparatus of FIGS. 13 and 14, before the severing of same into discrete capsules;

FIG. 16 is a view similar to FIG. 13 showing apparatus for forming a dunnage capsule of still another configuration;

FIG. 17 is a plan view of a series of connected capsules formed in the apparatus of FIG. 16;

FIG. 18 is a schematic isometric view of apparatus for forming a capsule substantially in the form of a tetrahedron;

FIG. 19 is an isometric view showing a connected series of capsules before severing of same;

FIG. 20 is a perspective of a discrete capsule formed in the apparatus of FIG. 18;

FIG. 21 shows another form of sealing and severing apparatus for forming the discrete dunnage capsules; and

FIG. 22 is a cross section through a form of web material having thermoplastic or other sealable film, and a second film of paper or the like.

In FIG. I there is shown a completed dunnage capsule l1 constructed of a single sheet of material folded upon itself, so that the sheets are in facing relationship, as seen in FIG. 7, and sealed along a longitudinal edge 12 by electrically heated sealing wheels 13. A blast of air as shown by the arrows is directed between the two plies of material in facing relationship to puff out the plies as seen at 14 prior to sealing the two plies transversely at regularly spaced intervals as denoted at 15 in FIG. 2. Such sealing is achieved by electrically heated anvil members 16 and 17 while the folded material travels in the direction shown by the arrows as it is dispensed from a supply roll, not shown.

Alternately, the dunnage article 1 1 may be formed from two plies of material 10 and 10' as seen in FIG. 6. In such cases the two plies are sealed along their longitudinal edges 18 and 19 by heated sealing anvil rollers 20. A blast of air enters between the webs l and as shown by the arrows in FIG. 6 to form an inflated tube 21 prior to the operation of the heated anvils l6 and 17 in providing transverse seals 22.

Irrespective of whether the two moving webs are joined along one or both of the longitudinal edges 12, or 18 and 19, and sealed at intervals transversely as at or 22 there is supplied a strip of dunnage capsules made up of a strip of the same, or a discrete dunnage capsule as seen in FIGS. 1 and 3, when the strip is severed transversely.

The strip of dunnage capsules 1 1 may be wrapped about an article 23 as seen in FIG. 5 prior to placing the so wrapped article in a container 24. Preferably, they are in the form of discrete capsules as seen in FIGS. 1 and 3, and in such cases they may be distributed as seen in FIG. 4 about an irregularly shaped frangible object 26 to isolate such article from the walls and top and bottom of a container 27.

The important aspects of the invention, however, reside in placing a degree of pressure against one or more articles placed within an outer shipping container. Such is a common practice in catalogue mail order houses, and as disclosed herein the dunnage provided is extremely light in weight, compliant, resilient and elastic. Moreover, the films from which the dunnage is formed are inexpensive, and can be made as needed at the working site from film material sealed as described.

Referring to FIG. 8, there is shown an outer walled container 31 having closure flaps 32. Container 31 is loaded with smaller containers 33, 34 and 36 which may be spaced in the manner shown or placed side by side in contact with each other. A number of such small containers are disposed within container 31 and they can be filled into position on the container bottom with greater or less interstitial volume therebetween depending on the size of such small containers. As seen in FIGS. 9 and 10, container 31 is filled with the dunnage capsules 11 which flow into container 31 from an overhead hopper, not shown, or from some other storage source.

The size of the dunnage capsules 1 1 is an important feature of the invention. As a general rule, the smaller they are, the more readily they accommodate themselves to the contours and surface irregularities of the containers 33, 34 and 36 or other articles placed within the container 31. For example, the dunnage capsules 11 may be made from webs of polyethylene or polypropylene. If the dunnage capsules are made from 4 inch wide webs in facing relationship the resulting inflated capsule will be approximately 3% inch wide, 4% inch long and 1% inch thick. The use of 3 inch wide webs gives a resulting capsule of a size approximately 2X2 l inch. Webs 2% inch wide give a resulting capsule of a size approximately 2 2 l inch.

As a general proposition, the smaller the inflated capsule the more desirable it is for dunnage use. The smaller capsules more readily fill the interstices between the containers or objects in the outer container.

When the outer container 31 is surcharged as seen in FIG. 9 and 11 and flaps 32 folded down, the inflated capsules 1] are pressed together as seen in FIG. 12 with substantially no volume within container 31 not filled with either the small containers or capsules 11. The capsules are compliant and adopt positions and configurations substantially eliminating the interstices in container 31. Good pressure is thereby maintained between capsules 11 and against the inner containers or articles.

At times the closing of the flaps 32 causes the pressure against a capsule l1 situated at a sharp comer of the inner containers or articles may be such as to perforate the capsule thereat as indicated by reference numeral 11F. Upon its collapse at such position perforated capsule 1 IP has a protective contour conforming web to prevent puncture and collapse of adjacent capsules.

The container 31 need not be of the flap type and may have a separate lid or closure. Prior to placing the closure on the container the latter is surcharged as previously described, and the placing of the closure in position atop the container 31 places pressure against the capsules for the purposes as described.

Irrespective of whether a flap type container is employed, or one with a separable closure, the pressure on the dunnage capsules and the containers or articles within the outer container prevents shifting. By reason of the innate elasticity of the dunnage capsules, shock incident to shipping is kept to a minimum.

Referring to FIGS. 13 to 15 there is shown another form of apparatus for making a dunnage capsule of still another configuration. Said apparatus is denoted generally by the reference numeral 40 and comprises a pair of mating forming rollers 41 and 42 turning at identical speeds upon respective drive shafts 43 and 44. Each of the rollers has a number of essentially hemispherical pockets 46 therein. The pockets 46 of each roller moving in conjugate relationship with like pockets of the other.

A folded web 47 of thermoplastic material is fed between rollers 41 and 42, and a current of air is introduced between the web folds as the same moves between the rollers 41 and 42. The latter are heated and thereby seal the web folds together except for an inflated capsule 48 formed at each of the conjugate pockets 46. v

The strip of connected capsules 48 may be severed into discrete capsules by mating cutting rollers 49 and 51 turning synchronously on respective shafts 52 and 53. Each roller has pockets 54 therein to receive the inflated capsule 48 formed by rollers 41 and 42. Roller 49 has transversely extending knives 56 in the surface thereof between the pockets 54 thereof, these knives 56 each cooperating with roller 51, which acts as an anvil roller, to sever the strip into discrete capsules.

In FIGS. 16 and 17 there is shown another form of apparatus denoted by the reference numeral 60. In this form of the apparatus the heated forming rollers 41 and 42 have essentially prismatic shaped conjugate pockets 62 therein. The web 47 fed between rollers 41 and 42 results in inflated capsules 63, each generally in the form of a prism of triangular cross section, and connected as a strip as seen in FIG. 17.

As with the embodiment seen in FIGS. 13 to 15, the strip seen in FIG. 17 may be severed between knife and anvil rollers 49 and 51 having conjugate pockets 62 in the periphery of each. Knife roller 49 in this case has pitched knives 64 between the pockets 62 and mating with corresponding anvil surfaces 66 on anvil roller 51 to sever the strip into discrete capsules 63.

In FIGS. 18 to 20 there is shown another embodiment of a capsule forming structure indicated by the reference numeral 70. In this embodiment a tube 71 of thermoplastic material moves in the direction shown, a jet of air impinging into the tube to inflate the same. The moving tube is sealed transverse- Iy thereof between heating sealing anvils 72 extending in a vertical plane and movable horizontally toward and away from each other in such plane to effect a vertical heat seal 73. When the vertical seal is completed, and the tube is still inflated, a pair of heated sealing anvils 74 extending in a vertical plane and movable vertically toward and away from each other effect a horizontal heat seal 76 spaced from the vertical heat seal 73.

It will be understood that the anvil members move alternately in their heat sealing function to provide a strip 77 of connected capsules 78, each being essentially in the form of a tetrahedron. It will be understood that the tube 71 may be formed of a pair of plies as seen in FIG. 7 and air introduced between such plies as the tube 71 is formed, and that the tube 71 moves in a continuous fashion.

Severing means, not shown, may be employed to sever the strip 77 into discrete capsules as seen in FIG. along the horizontal and vertical heat seals seen.

In FIG. 21 there is shown another embodiment of apparatus indicated by the reference numeral 80. It comprises cusped sealing rollers 81 and 82 having cooperating heated sealing surfaces 83 at the peripheries thereof. Surfaces 83 effect transverse seals 84 in a moving tube 86 which is inflated as described and which moves between the sealing rollers 81 and 82.

Rollers of this configuration are especially indicated where polyethylene films are sealed, and it is important that the capsules 87 formed thereby do not thereafter contact the heated rollers, each of which has the cavities 88 permitting clearance of the inflated capsules 87.

Similar knife and anvil rollers 89 and 91 sever the dunnage strip fonned by rollers 81 and 82 into discrete dunnage articles 87 as shown.

In FIG. 22 there is shown a double web 95 capable of being inflated and sealed along its edges. The double web may consist of an outer paper, glassine or cloth layer and an inner layer 97 capable of self adhesion as heat sealing or subject to a gluing operation.

I claim:

1. Flowable dunnage apparatus composed of a plurality of lightweight flowable dunnage articles filling the interstices between articles packed within an outer container, including a closure therefor having a closure member movable to closing position, said dunnage apparatus comprising a plurality of discrete inflated capsules, each of said capsules being of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of said outer container, each of said capsules comprising impervious and pliable films in facing relationship and sealed peripherally and encapsulating a gaseous medium under pressure therebetween to provide a substantially freely compliant capsule substantially filling completely the interstices of said outer container, said capsules being flowed into said outer container and creating a surcharged filling of said outer container prior to closing thereof, said capsules being positioned and forming configurations substantially eliminating any interstices within the said outer container and placing pressure against said capsules and the articles within said outer container upon movement of said closure member to closing position to prevent shifting of said articles and said capsules.

2. A package for articles comprising an outer container having a closure therefor, packing material for said outer container consisting of discrete impervious and pliable inflated capsules of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of said articles and said outer container, said capsules being flowed into said outer container to create a surcharged condition thereof and being thereafter placed under pressure by movement of said closure member to closing position with respect to said outer container, to cause said capsules to adopt positions and configurations substantially eliminating any interstices within the said outer container, the pressure against said capsules, said articles and said outer container preventing shifting of said articles.

3. A method of packing an outer container having a closure therefor including a closure member movable to closing position with articles placed within said outer container with flowable and compliant inflated dunnage capsules of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of said outer container and the articles placed within said outer container which comprises the steps of placing articles to be shipped in said outer container, filling said outer container to surcharged condition with said dunnage capsules so as to fill in part the interstices in said outer container, moving said closure member to closing position to thereby place pressure against said inflated capsules to cause the same to adopt positions and configurations substantially eliminating any interstices within the said outer container and to thereby place pressure against said capsules and the articles within said container to prevent shifting of said articles and said capsules.

4. The combination of a container having a closure with flowable and compliant dunnage capsules for imposing pressure against an article enclosed with a container, said capsules being of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of said container and said article, said capsules being part of a large group thereof and being adapted to be flowed into said container and to have pressure placed thereon while a part of said group by movement of said closure to closing position to eliminate substantially any interstices between said capsules to prevent movement of said article within said container.

5. The combination according to claim 4 wherein each of said dunnage capsules is formed from a pair of impervious webs in confronting relationship and sealed along the periphery thereof.

Claims (5)

1. Flowable dunnage apparatus composed of a plurality of lightweight flowable dunnage articles filling the interstices between articles packed within an outer container, including a closure therefor having a closure member movable to closing position, said dunnage apparatus comprising a plurality of discrete inflated capsules, each of said capsules being of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of said outer container, each of said capsules comprising impervious and pliable films in facing relationship and sealed peripherally and encapsulating a gaseous medium under pressure therebetween to provide a substantially freely compliant capsule substantially filling completely the interstices of said outer container, said capsules being flowed into said outer container and creating a surcharged filling of said outer container prior to closing thereof, said capsules being positioned and forming configurations substantially eliminating any interstices within the said outer container and placing pressure against said capsules and the articles within said outer container upon movement of said closure member to closing position to prevent shifting of said articles and said capsules.
2. A package for articles comprising an outer container having a closure therefor, packing material for said outer container consisting of discrete impervious and pliable inflated capsules of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of said articles and said outer container, said capsules being flowed into said outer container to create a surcharged condition thereof and being thereafter placed under pressure by movement of said closure member to closing position with respect to said outer container, to cause said capsules to adopt positions and configurations substantially eliminating any interstices within the said outer container, the pressure against said capsules, said articles and said outer container preventing shifting of said articles.
3. A method of packing an outer container having a closure therefor including a closure member movable to closing position with articles placed within said outer container with flowable and compliant inflated dunnage capsules of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of said outer container and the articles placed within said outer container which comprises the steps of placing articles to be shipped in said outer container, filling said outer container to surcharged condition with said dunnage capsules so as to fill in part the interstices in said outer container, moving said closure member to closing position to thereby place pressure against said inflated capsules to cause the same to adopt positions and configurations substantially eliminating any interstices within the said outer container and to thereby place pressure against said capsules and the articles within said container to prevent shifting of said articles and said capsules.
4. The combination of a container having a closure with flowable and compliant dunnage capsules for imposing pressure against an article enclosed with a container, said capsules being of minuscule dimension as compared to the dimensions of said container and said article, said capsules being part of a large group thereof and being adapted to be flowed into said container and to have pressure placed thereon while a part of said group by movement of said closure to closing position to eliminate substantially any interstices between said capsules to prevent movement of said article within said container.
5. The combination according to claim 4 wherein each of said dunnage capsules is formed from a pair of impervious webs in confronting relationship and sealed along the periphery thereof.
US3667593A 1970-03-30 1970-03-30 Flowable dunnage apparatus and method of packaging with flowable and compliable inflated dunnage material Expired - Lifetime US3667593A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2365070 true 1970-03-30 1970-03-30

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3667593A true US3667593A (en) 1972-06-06

Family

ID=21816408

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3667593A Expired - Lifetime US3667593A (en) 1970-03-30 1970-03-30 Flowable dunnage apparatus and method of packaging with flowable and compliable inflated dunnage material

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3667593A (en)

Cited By (72)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4235065A (en) * 1979-03-23 1980-11-25 Harry Freeman Method of packaging fragile articles
US4384442A (en) * 1978-04-27 1983-05-24 Pendleton John M Apparatus for making cushioning packaging material
US4644733A (en) * 1984-04-26 1987-02-24 The Dow Chemical Company Dunnage material
US4793123A (en) * 1987-11-16 1988-12-27 Pharo Daniel A Rolled-up packaging system and method
US4872558A (en) * 1987-08-25 1989-10-10 Pharo Daniel A Bag-in-bag packaging system
US4880214A (en) * 1986-03-29 1989-11-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Cushioning and protecting members
US4882893A (en) * 1988-02-26 1989-11-28 Spencer Herbert C Container for the transport of diagnostic specimens
US4885811A (en) * 1986-09-23 1989-12-12 Hayes Michael L Protecting bodies during transit
US4947903A (en) * 1988-10-21 1990-08-14 Beckwith Robert H Material recovery apparatus
US4999975A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-03-19 Insta-Foam Products, Inc. Apparatus and methods for dispensing foamable products
US5022217A (en) * 1988-11-14 1991-06-11 Bull, S.A. Packaging method, packaging bolster, and packaging line
US5035104A (en) * 1990-07-09 1991-07-30 Helling Robert W Method of packaging easily damaged articles
US5042663A (en) * 1989-05-05 1991-08-27 Richard Heinrich Joinable inflatable bladders for packaging
US5116550A (en) * 1990-03-27 1992-05-26 Perkins Newton B Method of making biodegradable free fill foam packing material
US5149065A (en) * 1989-04-28 1992-09-22 Insta-Foam Products, Inc. Foam cushion with labyrinthine side seams
EP0518820A1 (en) * 1991-06-11 1992-12-16 Greither, Peter Packaging dunnage
US5216868A (en) * 1992-01-28 1993-06-08 Andrew K. Cooper Packaging product and machine for making same
US5315811A (en) * 1991-05-30 1994-05-31 Drug Plastics & Glass Company, Inc. Method of packaging with an outer container having a container insert for holding a predetermined volume of material
US5487470A (en) * 1990-05-04 1996-01-30 Puff Pac Industries, Inc. Merchandise encapsulating packaging system and method therefor
US5544468A (en) * 1994-08-17 1996-08-13 Preferred Packaging Systems, Inc. Portable shipping station
US5651232A (en) * 1992-10-13 1997-07-29 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral product
US5740655A (en) * 1992-10-13 1998-04-21 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US5937614A (en) * 1994-02-01 1999-08-17 Watkins; David Leonard Bag sealing apparatus
WO2000059784A1 (en) * 1999-04-08 2000-10-12 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Tear-off cushions of loose fill packing material, and machine and method for making the same
US6199701B1 (en) * 1998-03-23 2001-03-13 Negesat Di Boer Fabrizio & C. Snc. Structure and a method for housing equipment pieces in space vehicles such as telecommunication satellites
US6202390B1 (en) * 1997-09-19 2001-03-20 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging process
US6209286B1 (en) 1999-03-09 2001-04-03 Novus Packaging Corporation Machine and method for manufacturing a continuous production of pneumatically filled inflatable packaging pillows
US6234311B1 (en) * 1998-11-23 2001-05-22 Transnucleaire Sa Shock-absorbing system for containers of radioactive material
US6243936B1 (en) 1991-05-30 2001-06-12 Drug Plastics And Glass Company, Inc. Method for assembling an outer container having a container insert therein for holding a predetermined volume of material
US6298637B1 (en) * 1997-09-19 2001-10-09 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6401436B2 (en) 1997-09-19 2002-06-11 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6410119B1 (en) 2000-11-21 2002-06-25 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Inflatable, cushioning, bubble wrap product having multiple, interconnected, bubble structures
US6428246B1 (en) 2000-06-22 2002-08-06 Sealed Air Corporation System and method of conveying, storing, and dispensing packing material
US6453644B1 (en) * 1999-06-14 2002-09-24 Storopack, Inc. Method and means for producing, conveying, storing and utilizing air pillows
US6565946B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2003-05-20 Free-Flowing Packaging International, Inc. Web of film formed with a pattern of pillows to be inflated and sealed and used in packaging
US6591582B2 (en) 1995-05-11 2003-07-15 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US20030163976A1 (en) * 2002-03-01 2003-09-04 Andrew Perkins Machine and method for inflating and sealing air-filled packing cushions
US6672037B2 (en) * 2000-12-12 2004-01-06 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Apparatus and process for dispensing dunnage
US20040050021A1 (en) * 2000-04-27 2004-03-18 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Cushions of loose fill packing material
US20040154728A1 (en) * 2003-02-07 2004-08-12 Selle Paul A. Devices and methods for manufacturing packaging materials
US6789376B1 (en) 1999-09-22 2004-09-14 Pactiv Corporation Method and machine for the manufacture of air pillows
US20040200561A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2004-10-14 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Fluid filled unit formation machine and process
US20040202804A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2004-10-14 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web for fluid filled unit formation
US20040206050A1 (en) * 2000-01-20 2004-10-21 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. System, method and material for making pneumatically filled packing cushions
US20050199730A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2005-09-15 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Camera for encoding audio signals
US20050204700A1 (en) * 1999-09-22 2005-09-22 Greenwood John S Method and machine for the manufacture of air pillows
US20050266189A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2005-12-01 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20060010835A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-01-19 Shaw Kenneth L Apparatus for and method of producing and/or separating a string of interconnected packing cushions
US20060042184A1 (en) * 2004-08-30 2006-03-02 Andrew Perkins Machine for inflating and sealing air-filled cushioning materials
US20060086064A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2006-04-27 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20060230635A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2006-10-19 Nike, Inc. Fluid-filled bladder for footwear and other applications
US20060292320A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-12-28 Greenwood John S Machine and methods for the manufacture of air-filled cushions
US7257935B1 (en) * 2000-12-12 2007-08-21 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. System for dispensing inflated plastic dunnage
WO2008042929A1 (en) 2006-10-04 2008-04-10 Pregis Innovative Packaging Inc. Automated air-pillow dispenser
US20080098699A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2008-05-01 Ranpak Corp. Automated Dunnage Filling System and Method
US20080115461A1 (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-05-22 Liqui-Box Canada Inc. Resilient backing member for the use with an impulse heating element
US20080141620A1 (en) * 2006-09-15 2008-06-19 Bela Szabo Air Packing Machine Using Ultrasonic Sealing And Methods And Products Relating To Same
US20090110864A1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-04-30 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20090151197A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2009-06-18 Nike, Inc. Fluid-Filled Bladder For Footwear And Other Applications
US20090293427A1 (en) * 2005-08-01 2009-12-03 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20090302085A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-12-10 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Automated air pillow dispenser
US20100221466A1 (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-09-02 Automated Packaging Systems Web and Method for Making Fluid Filled Units
US7814733B2 (en) * 2006-04-10 2010-10-19 Ranpak Corp. Packaging system with volume measurement
US7862870B2 (en) 2005-05-06 2011-01-04 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Films for inflatable cushions
USD630945S1 (en) 2009-02-27 2011-01-18 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Inflatable packing material
US20110139668A1 (en) * 2008-07-08 2011-06-16 Christopher Michael Baker Protective devices
US20140047796A1 (en) * 2012-08-15 2014-02-20 Air-Bag Packing Co., Ltd. Continuous sealing device and storing and feeding table thereof
US20150101289A1 (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-16 Akrofire, Inc. Loose fill fire-protective packing media
US9266300B2 (en) 2011-07-07 2016-02-23 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Air cushion inflation machine
US20160257474A1 (en) * 2015-03-04 2016-09-08 Storopack, Inc. Air Cushion Machine and Method
US20160340064A1 (en) * 2015-05-20 2016-11-24 Ncps Research, Llc High performance insulation packaging and disbursement system
US9844911B2 (en) 2013-11-21 2017-12-19 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Air cushion inflation machine

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1112365A (en) * 1954-07-10 1956-03-13 New packaging materials, protection, insulation, etc., flexible and way of manufacturing
US3011930A (en) * 1960-03-25 1961-12-05 Theodore A Dworak Laminated quilted material and method of making the same
US3285795A (en) * 1962-06-18 1966-11-15 Stefan M Stein Heat curable plastic sheets and laminates

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1112365A (en) * 1954-07-10 1956-03-13 New packaging materials, protection, insulation, etc., flexible and way of manufacturing
US3011930A (en) * 1960-03-25 1961-12-05 Theodore A Dworak Laminated quilted material and method of making the same
US3285795A (en) * 1962-06-18 1966-11-15 Stefan M Stein Heat curable plastic sheets and laminates

Cited By (172)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4384442A (en) * 1978-04-27 1983-05-24 Pendleton John M Apparatus for making cushioning packaging material
US4235065A (en) * 1979-03-23 1980-11-25 Harry Freeman Method of packaging fragile articles
US4644733A (en) * 1984-04-26 1987-02-24 The Dow Chemical Company Dunnage material
US4880214A (en) * 1986-03-29 1989-11-14 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Cushioning and protecting members
US4885811A (en) * 1986-09-23 1989-12-12 Hayes Michael L Protecting bodies during transit
US4872558A (en) * 1987-08-25 1989-10-10 Pharo Daniel A Bag-in-bag packaging system
US4793123A (en) * 1987-11-16 1988-12-27 Pharo Daniel A Rolled-up packaging system and method
US4882893A (en) * 1988-02-26 1989-11-28 Spencer Herbert C Container for the transport of diagnostic specimens
US4947903A (en) * 1988-10-21 1990-08-14 Beckwith Robert H Material recovery apparatus
US5022217A (en) * 1988-11-14 1991-06-11 Bull, S.A. Packaging method, packaging bolster, and packaging line
US5149065A (en) * 1989-04-28 1992-09-22 Insta-Foam Products, Inc. Foam cushion with labyrinthine side seams
US4999975A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-03-19 Insta-Foam Products, Inc. Apparatus and methods for dispensing foamable products
US5042663A (en) * 1989-05-05 1991-08-27 Richard Heinrich Joinable inflatable bladders for packaging
US5116550A (en) * 1990-03-27 1992-05-26 Perkins Newton B Method of making biodegradable free fill foam packing material
US5487470A (en) * 1990-05-04 1996-01-30 Puff Pac Industries, Inc. Merchandise encapsulating packaging system and method therefor
US5035104A (en) * 1990-07-09 1991-07-30 Helling Robert W Method of packaging easily damaged articles
US5315811A (en) * 1991-05-30 1994-05-31 Drug Plastics & Glass Company, Inc. Method of packaging with an outer container having a container insert for holding a predetermined volume of material
US6243936B1 (en) 1991-05-30 2001-06-12 Drug Plastics And Glass Company, Inc. Method for assembling an outer container having a container insert therein for holding a predetermined volume of material
EP0518820A1 (en) * 1991-06-11 1992-12-16 Greither, Peter Packaging dunnage
US5216868A (en) * 1992-01-28 1993-06-08 Andrew K. Cooper Packaging product and machine for making same
US6357204B1 (en) 1992-10-13 2002-03-19 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US5651232A (en) * 1992-10-13 1997-07-29 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral product
US6052968A (en) * 1992-10-13 2000-04-25 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US5740655A (en) * 1992-10-13 1998-04-21 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US5937614A (en) * 1994-02-01 1999-08-17 Watkins; David Leonard Bag sealing apparatus
US5544468A (en) * 1994-08-17 1996-08-13 Preferred Packaging Systems, Inc. Portable shipping station
US6591582B2 (en) 1995-05-11 2003-07-15 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US20030200724A1 (en) * 1995-05-11 2003-10-30 Weder Donald E. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US6202390B1 (en) * 1997-09-19 2001-03-20 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging process
US6401436B2 (en) 1997-09-19 2002-06-11 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6298637B1 (en) * 1997-09-19 2001-10-09 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6199701B1 (en) * 1998-03-23 2001-03-13 Negesat Di Boer Fabrizio & C. Snc. Structure and a method for housing equipment pieces in space vehicles such as telecommunication satellites
US6234311B1 (en) * 1998-11-23 2001-05-22 Transnucleaire Sa Shock-absorbing system for containers of radioactive material
US20090217620A1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2009-09-03 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus For Inflating And Sealing Pillows In Packaging Cushions
US7536837B2 (en) 1999-03-09 2009-05-26 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for inflating and sealing pillows in packaging cushions
US20050235600A1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2005-10-27 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for inflating and sealing pillows in packaging cushions
US20060110581A1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2006-05-25 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Film Material For Air-Filled Packing Cushions
US7059097B2 (en) 1999-03-09 2006-06-13 Free-Flow Packaging International Inc. Apparatus for inflating and sealing air-filled packing cushions
US20030118778A1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2003-06-26 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Film material for air-filled packing cushions
US20100068430A1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2010-03-18 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus For Inflating And Sealing Air-Filled Packing Cushions
US7090912B2 (en) 1999-03-09 2006-08-15 Free-Flow Packaging International Inc. Film material for air-filled packing cushions
US7832562B2 (en) 1999-03-09 2010-11-16 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for inflating and sealing air-filled packing cushions
US20060218876A1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2006-10-05 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for Inflating and Sealing Pillows in Packaging Cushions
US20050236295A1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2005-10-27 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Film material for air-filled packing cushions
USRE40288E1 (en) 1999-03-09 2008-05-06 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for inflating and sealing air-filled packing cushions
US7361397B2 (en) 1999-03-09 2008-04-22 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Film material for air-filled packing cushions
US20060257601A1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2006-11-16 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Film Material For Air Filled Packing Cushions
US6209286B1 (en) 1999-03-09 2001-04-03 Novus Packaging Corporation Machine and method for manufacturing a continuous production of pneumatically filled inflatable packaging pillows
US20040134164A1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2004-07-15 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for inflating and sealing air-filled packing cushions
US7223462B2 (en) 1999-03-09 2007-05-29 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc Film material for air-filled packing cushions
US8323774B2 (en) 1999-03-09 2012-12-04 Free-Flowing Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for inflating and sealing pillows in packaging cushions
US9003743B2 (en) 1999-03-09 2015-04-14 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for inflating and sealing pillows in packaging cushions
US20050244613A9 (en) * 1999-03-09 2005-11-03 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Film material for air-filled packing cushions
US6560948B1 (en) 1999-04-08 2003-05-13 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Tear-off cushions of loose fill packing material, and machine and method for making the same
US6623829B1 (en) 1999-04-08 2003-09-23 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Tear-off cushions of loose fill packing material
WO2000059784A1 (en) * 1999-04-08 2000-10-12 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Tear-off cushions of loose fill packing material, and machine and method for making the same
US6453644B1 (en) * 1999-06-14 2002-09-24 Storopack, Inc. Method and means for producing, conveying, storing and utilizing air pillows
US8627637B2 (en) 1999-09-22 2014-01-14 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Method and machine for the manufacture of air pillows
US6789376B1 (en) 1999-09-22 2004-09-14 Pactiv Corporation Method and machine for the manufacture of air pillows
US20050204700A1 (en) * 1999-09-22 2005-09-22 Greenwood John S Method and machine for the manufacture of air pillows
US20080022630A1 (en) * 2000-01-20 2008-01-31 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. System For Making Pneumatically Filled Packing Cushions
US7325377B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2008-02-05 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for making pneumatically filled packing cushions
US8776483B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2014-07-15 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. System for making pneumatically filled packing cushions
US7526904B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2009-05-05 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for making pneumatically filled packing cushions
US20040206050A1 (en) * 2000-01-20 2004-10-21 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. System, method and material for making pneumatically filled packing cushions
US20040050021A1 (en) * 2000-04-27 2004-03-18 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Cushions of loose fill packing material
US6428246B1 (en) 2000-06-22 2002-08-06 Sealed Air Corporation System and method of conveying, storing, and dispensing packing material
US6659150B1 (en) 2000-08-14 2003-12-09 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Apparatus for inflating and sealing air-filled packing cushions
US6605169B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2003-08-12 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Method of making air-filled packing cushions
US6565946B2 (en) 2000-08-14 2003-05-20 Free-Flowing Packaging International, Inc. Web of film formed with a pattern of pillows to be inflated and sealed and used in packaging
US20050199730A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2005-09-15 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Camera for encoding audio signals
US6410119B1 (en) 2000-11-21 2002-06-25 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Inflatable, cushioning, bubble wrap product having multiple, interconnected, bubble structures
US6761960B2 (en) 2000-11-21 2004-07-13 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Inflatable, cushioning, bubble wrap product having multiple, interconnected, bubble structures
USRE42240E1 (en) 2000-11-21 2011-03-22 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Inflatable, cushioning, bubble wrap product having multiple, interconnected, bubble structures
US6672037B2 (en) * 2000-12-12 2004-01-06 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Apparatus and process for dispensing dunnage
US7257935B1 (en) * 2000-12-12 2007-08-21 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. System for dispensing inflated plastic dunnage
US7174696B2 (en) 2002-03-01 2007-02-13 Free-Flow Packaging International, Inc. Machine and method for inflating and sealing air-filled packing cushions
US20060112663A1 (en) * 2002-03-01 2006-06-01 Free Flow Packaging International, Inc. Machine And Method For Inflating And Sealing Air Filled Packing Cushions
US20030163976A1 (en) * 2002-03-01 2003-09-04 Andrew Perkins Machine and method for inflating and sealing air-filled packing cushions
US7150136B2 (en) 2002-03-01 2006-12-19 Free-Flow Packaging International Inc. Machine and method for inflating and sealing air filled packing cushions
US20040154728A1 (en) * 2003-02-07 2004-08-12 Selle Paul A. Devices and methods for manufacturing packaging materials
US6932134B2 (en) 2003-02-07 2005-08-23 Pactiv Corporation Devices and methods for manufacturing packaging materials
US20050224160A1 (en) * 2003-02-07 2005-10-13 Pactiv Corporation Devices and methods for manufacturing packaging materials
US7347911B2 (en) 2003-02-07 2008-03-25 Pregis Innovative Packaging Inc. Devices and methods for manufacturing packaging materials
US8038348B2 (en) 2003-04-08 2011-10-18 Automated Packaging, Systems, Inc. Fluid filled units
US20040202804A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2004-10-14 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web for fluid filled unit formation
US20060110553A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2006-05-25 Hershey Lerner Web for fluid filled unit formation
US7767288B2 (en) 2003-04-08 2010-08-03 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web for fluid filled unit formation
US6889739B2 (en) 2003-04-08 2005-05-10 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Fluid filled unit formation machine and process
US7718028B2 (en) 2003-04-08 2010-05-18 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Fluid filled unit formation process
US6955846B2 (en) 2003-04-08 2005-10-18 Automated Packaging Systems Web for fluid filled unit information
US20040200561A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2004-10-14 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Fluid filled unit formation machine and process
US7125463B2 (en) 2003-04-08 2006-10-24 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Fluid filled unit formation machine and process
US7550191B2 (en) 2003-04-08 2009-06-23 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web for fluid filled unit formation
US20090186175A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2009-07-23 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web for fluid filled unit formation
US20050188659A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2005-09-01 Hershey Lerner Fluid filled unit formation machine and process
US20060266461A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2006-11-30 Hershey Lerner Fluid filled unit formation process
US20060262997A1 (en) * 2003-04-08 2006-11-23 Hershey Lerner Fluid filled units
US7897220B2 (en) 2004-06-01 2011-03-01 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US7897219B2 (en) 2004-06-01 2011-03-01 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US7757459B2 (en) 2004-06-01 2010-07-20 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20110151159A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2011-06-23 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US8357439B2 (en) 2004-06-01 2013-01-22 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US8425994B2 (en) 2004-06-01 2013-04-23 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20060086064A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2006-04-27 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20050266189A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2005-12-01 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20110165352A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2011-07-07 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20070054074A1 (en) * 2004-06-01 2007-03-08 Rick Wehrmann Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20090294501A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2009-12-03 Storopack, Inc. Apparatus For And Method Of Producing And/Or Separating A String Of Interconnected Packing Cushions
US7571589B2 (en) 2004-07-15 2009-08-11 Storopack, Inc. Apparatus for and method of producing and/or separating a string of interconnected packing cushions
US20060010835A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-01-19 Shaw Kenneth L Apparatus for and method of producing and/or separating a string of interconnected packing cushions
WO2006019773A1 (en) * 2004-07-15 2006-02-23 Storopack, Inc. Apparatus for and method of producing and/or separating a string of interconnected packing cushions
US8430147B2 (en) 2004-07-20 2013-04-30 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Machine and methods for the manufacture of air-filled cushions
US9242748B2 (en) 2004-07-20 2016-01-26 Pregis Innovative Packaging Llc Machine and methods for the manufacture of air-filled cushions
US20100051202A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2010-03-04 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Machine and methods for the manufacture of air-filled cushions
US8905110B2 (en) 2004-07-20 2014-12-09 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Machine and methods for the manufacture of air-filled cushions
US7578333B2 (en) 2004-07-20 2009-08-25 Pregis Corporation Machine and methods for the manufacture of air-filled cushions
US20060292320A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-12-28 Greenwood John S Machine and methods for the manufacture of air-filled cushions
US7040073B2 (en) 2004-08-30 2006-05-09 Free-Flow Packaging International Machine for inflating and sealing air-filled cushioning materials
US20060042184A1 (en) * 2004-08-30 2006-03-02 Andrew Perkins Machine for inflating and sealing air-filled cushioning materials
US7185474B2 (en) 2004-08-30 2007-03-06 Free Flow Packaging International, Inc. Machine for inflating and sealing air filled cushioning materials
US20100293898A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2010-11-25 Ranpak Corp. Automated dunnage filling system and method
US20080098699A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2008-05-01 Ranpak Corp. Automated Dunnage Filling System and Method
US7788884B2 (en) * 2004-11-05 2010-09-07 Ranpak Corp. Automated dunnage filling system and method
US9321234B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2016-04-26 Ranpak Corp. Automated dunnage filling system and method
WO2006113212A3 (en) * 2005-04-14 2007-03-29 Nike Inc Fluid-filled bladder for footwear and other applications
US20060230635A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2006-10-19 Nike, Inc. Fluid-filled bladder for footwear and other applications
US7845038B2 (en) 2005-04-14 2010-12-07 Nike, Inc. Fluid-filled bladder for footwear and other applications
WO2006113212A2 (en) * 2005-04-14 2006-10-26 Nike, Inc. Fluid-filled bladder for footwear and other applications
US20100077556A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2010-04-01 Nike, Inc. Fluid-Filled Bladder for Footwear and Other Applications
EP2510820A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2012-10-17 Nike International Ltd. method of manufacturing a plurality of bladders for footwear and other applications
US20080110047A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2008-05-15 Nike, Inc. Fluid-Filled Bladder for Footwear and Other Applications
CN101920571B (en) * 2005-04-14 2016-08-03 耐克创新有限合伙公司 For footwear and other purposes in fluid-filled bladder
US8060964B2 (en) 2005-04-14 2011-11-22 Nike, Inc. Fluid-filled bladder for footwear and other applications
US7401369B2 (en) 2005-04-14 2008-07-22 Nike, Inc. Fluid-filled bladder for footwear and other applications
US20090151197A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2009-06-18 Nike, Inc. Fluid-Filled Bladder For Footwear And Other Applications
US8667710B2 (en) 2005-04-14 2014-03-11 Nike, Inc. Fluid-filled bladder for footwear and other applications
US7694439B2 (en) 2005-04-14 2010-04-13 Nike, Inc. Fluid-filled bladder for footwear and other applications
US8906478B2 (en) 2005-05-06 2014-12-09 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Films for inflatable cushions
US20110097521A1 (en) * 2005-05-06 2011-04-28 Pregis Innovative Packaging Inc. Films for inflatable cushions
US7862870B2 (en) 2005-05-06 2011-01-04 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Films for inflatable cushions
US20090293427A1 (en) * 2005-08-01 2009-12-03 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US7814733B2 (en) * 2006-04-10 2010-10-19 Ranpak Corp. Packaging system with volume measurement
US20080141620A1 (en) * 2006-09-15 2008-06-19 Bela Szabo Air Packing Machine Using Ultrasonic Sealing And Methods And Products Relating To Same
US8881962B2 (en) 2006-10-04 2014-11-11 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Automated air-pillow dispenser
EP2404833A1 (en) * 2006-10-04 2012-01-11 Pregis Innovative Packaging Inc. Automaded air-pillow dispenser
US20080193263A1 (en) * 2006-10-04 2008-08-14 Thomas David Wetsch Automated air-pillow dispenser
EP2404834A1 (en) 2006-10-04 2012-01-11 Pregis Innovative Packaging Inc. Automated air-pillow dispenser
US8240533B2 (en) 2006-10-04 2012-08-14 Pregis Innovative Packaging Inc. Automated air-pillow dispenser
WO2008042929A1 (en) 2006-10-04 2008-04-10 Pregis Innovative Packaging Inc. Automated air-pillow dispenser
US20080115461A1 (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-05-22 Liqui-Box Canada Inc. Resilient backing member for the use with an impulse heating element
US7726103B2 (en) 2006-11-17 2010-06-01 Liqui-Box Canada Inc. Resilient backing member for the use with an impulse heating element
US9550339B2 (en) 2007-10-31 2017-01-24 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US8354150B2 (en) 2007-10-31 2013-01-15 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20090110864A1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-04-30 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US9283729B2 (en) 2007-10-31 2016-03-15 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US8567653B2 (en) 2008-05-15 2013-10-29 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Automated air pillow dispenser
US20090302085A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-12-10 Pregis Innovative Packaging, Inc. Automated air pillow dispenser
US9434086B2 (en) 2008-05-15 2016-09-06 Pregis Innovative Packaging Llc Automated air pillow dispenser
US20110139668A1 (en) * 2008-07-08 2011-06-16 Christopher Michael Baker Protective devices
US9205622B2 (en) 2009-02-27 2015-12-08 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
USD646972S1 (en) 2009-02-27 2011-10-18 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Inflatable packing material
USD630945S1 (en) 2009-02-27 2011-01-18 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Inflatable packing material
US9598216B2 (en) 2009-02-27 2017-03-21 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Web and method for making fluid filled units
US20100221466A1 (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-09-02 Automated Packaging Systems Web and Method for Making Fluid Filled Units
US9266300B2 (en) 2011-07-07 2016-02-23 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Air cushion inflation machine
US9566757B2 (en) * 2012-08-15 2017-02-14 Air-Bag Packaging Co., Ltd. Continuous sealing device and storing and feeding table thereof
US20140047796A1 (en) * 2012-08-15 2014-02-20 Air-Bag Packing Co., Ltd. Continuous sealing device and storing and feeding table thereof
US20150101289A1 (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-16 Akrofire, Inc. Loose fill fire-protective packing media
US9844911B2 (en) 2013-11-21 2017-12-19 Automated Packaging Systems, Inc. Air cushion inflation machine
US20160257474A1 (en) * 2015-03-04 2016-09-08 Storopack, Inc. Air Cushion Machine and Method
US20160340064A1 (en) * 2015-05-20 2016-11-24 Ncps Research, Llc High performance insulation packaging and disbursement system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3554434A (en) Free-standing flexible package
US3608815A (en) Opening aid for packages
US3289386A (en) Method of making labeled package
US3360382A (en) Method of packaging meat
US3460671A (en) Package for cylindrical articles or objects
US3589506A (en) Plastics containers and packages
US3601252A (en) Burst pack
US3534520A (en) Thermoplastic bag and process of forming,filling and closing the same
US6460313B1 (en) Packaging filler product and machine for producing same
US4088264A (en) Multiwall pouch bags for detached packaging of commodities
US4270658A (en) Breathable, sterilizable receptacles for storing articles in sterile condition
US3762628A (en) Coupon-confining bag, method and apparatus
US3254828A (en) Flexible container strips
US3274004A (en) Laminated food package
US4267928A (en) Composite container structure
US2898027A (en) Container for fluent materials
US4593518A (en) Flexible wrapping apparatus
US3374599A (en) Method for packaging and apparatus therefor
US4273549A (en) Process for making multi-walled plastic bag
US3620774A (en) Plastics containers and packages
US3511435A (en) Laminated container and method of making a laminated container
US4944603A (en) Reclosable package with encompassing tamper-evident band
US4036362A (en) Package
US4136205A (en) Container and method for packaging meat articles
US3353325A (en) Packaging of free flowing materials