US3664014A - Universal modular printed circuit magnetic reed keyboard switch assembly - Google Patents

Universal modular printed circuit magnetic reed keyboard switch assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
US3664014A
US3664014A US3664014DA US3664014A US 3664014 A US3664014 A US 3664014A US 3664014D A US3664014D A US 3664014DA US 3664014 A US3664014 A US 3664014A
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United States
Prior art keywords
switch
magnet
printed circuit
leads
switches
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Expired - Lifetime
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Peter A Peroni
John Paul Jones Jr
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NAVIGATION COMPUTER CORP
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NAVIGATION COMPUTER CORP
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Priority to US85010069A priority
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H36/00Switches actuated by change of magnetic field or of electric field, e.g. by change of relative position of magnet and switch, by shielding
    • H01H36/0006Permanent magnet actuating reed switches
    • H01H36/004Permanent magnet actuating reed switches push-button-operated, e.g. for keyboards
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H1/00Contacts
    • H01H1/12Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage
    • H01H1/36Contacts characterised by the manner in which co-operating contacts engage by sliding
    • H01H1/40Contact mounted so that its contact-making surface is flush with adjoining insulation
    • H01H1/403Contacts forming part of a printed circuit
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/49004Electrical device making including measuring or testing of device or component part
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/49105Switch making
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49764Method of mechanical manufacture with testing or indicating
    • Y10T29/49778Method of mechanical manufacture with testing or indicating with aligning, guiding, or instruction
    • Y10T29/4978Assisting assembly or disassembly

Abstract

At least one glass tube enclosed magnetic reed switch is mounted on a planar printed circuit board which is removably inserted into a hollow housing member in grooves on either side of an axially movable planar key member with a magnet thereon actuating the switch contacts during a limited range of movement. This provides a universal mounting arrangement wherein one to four switches and other circuit elements may be located upon the printed circuit cards for operation by a single manually depressed key at one or more positions of its stroke. Each switch is standardized for predetermined operation timing during the magnet movement by selectively bending the leads and inserting into registration apertures in the printed circuit boards. The switch is thus precisely located within the magnetic field by simplified structure affording strain relief at closed ends of the glass tubes. The leads are bent normal to the reed switch axis for this purpose at calibrated positions to thereby precisely locate the magnetic switch gaps by means of punched hole pairs easily located to close tolerances in the printed circuit board.

Description

Imited States Patent Peroni et a1.
[4 1 May 23, 1972 [72] Inventors: Peter A. Peroni, Pottstown; John Paul Jones, Jr., Wayne, both of Pa.
Navigation Computer Corporation, Norristown, Pa.
[22] Filed: 'Aug. 14,1969
[21] Appl.No.: 850,100
[73] Assignee:
Related US. Application Data [62] Division of Ser. No. 678,336, 0 26, 1967, Pat. No.
[52] US. Cl ..29/622, 29/624, 29/626, 29/593, 29/407 [51] Int. Cl. ..H01h 11/00 [58] Field of Search ..29/622, 203 B, 407; 335/15l154, 206; 140/105; 227/90; 317/101 C [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,902,691 9/ l 959 Kwasniewski ..29/509 2,978,707 4/1961 Runciman ...29/203 B 3,167,780 2/1965 Mueller ..227/90 X 3,215,794 ll/l965 Zielinski..... 317/101 C X 3,268,686 8/1966 Waver.... ..335/154 3,222,758 12/1965 Marks ..29/622 X Primary Examiner.lohn F. Campbell Assistant Examiner-Robert W. Church Attorney-Laurence R. Brown ABSlRACT At least one glass tube enclosed magnetic reed switch is mounted on a planar printed circuit board which is removably inserted into a hollow housing member in grooves on either side of an axially movable planar key member with a magnet thereon actuating the switch contacts during a limited range of movement. This provides a universal mounting arrangement wherein one to four switches and other circuit elements may be located upon the printed circuit cards for operation by a single manually depressed key at one or more positions of its stroke. Each switch is standardized for predetermined operation timing during the magnet movement by selectively bending the leads and inserting into registration apertures in the printed circuit boards. The switch is thus precisely located within the magnetic field by simplified structure affording strain relief at closed ends of the glass tubes. The leads are bent normal to the reed switch axis for this purpose at calibrated positions to thereby precisely locate the magnetic switch gaps by means of punched hole pairs easily located to close tolerances in the printed circuit board.
2 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures la n J! Patented May 23, 1972 2 sheets sheet l INVENTOIS PETER A PERONI JOHN PAUL JONES, JR.
ATTORNEY Patented May 23, 1972 3,6fi4h014 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l8 0 16B 45 r a M j 1 D 78 MAGNET IOA l6 1 I08 I4 I NV ENTORS PETER A PERONI JOHN PAUL JoNLgJH.
ATTORNEY UNIVERSAL MODULAR PRINTED CIRCUIT MAGNETIC REED KEYBOARD SWITCH ASSEMBLY This is a divisional application of U.S. Ser. No. 678,336 filed Oct. 26, 1967, U.S. Pat. No. 3,462,719, granted Aug. 19,
This invention relates to keyboard switching apparatus and manufacturing methods. More particularly, it relates to switch mounting assemblies containing one or more glass enclosed magnetic reed switches operated by a magnet moved adjacent thereto.
This general type of keyboard switch together with attendant problems and features of operation is known in the art as may be seen from U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,251,962 J. P. Jones, Jr., and 3,311,210 P. Peroni. However, certain problems and deficiencies exist in prior art switches of this type, particularly in view of demand for various complex configurations of switching contacts and conditions in electronic keyboard operated equipment such as computers and control systems. For example, it has been difficult in the prior art to operate uniformly in a single standardized mounting arrangement a plurality of as many as four switches which may be connected in completely isolated circuits to operate at similar or different timing under control of a single moving magnet. Also, interference problems can exist when a large number of switches are mounted close together on a keyboard so that they come near the magnetic fields of magnets moving in adjacent switches.
In addition, mounting and disassembly techniques are important, not only for ease of manufacture, and repair, but for reliability. Thus, the mounting of a tubular glass enclosed reed switch can provide stresses on the glass causing failure or abnormal contact resistance and bounce.
1n switches of this class using moving magnets, care must be taken in precise location of the magnetic gaps in the reed switches relative to movement of the magnet, particularly if two separate reeds need be actuated substantially identically at the same time or at precisely spaced stroke intervals where the magnet position cannot be adjusted to compensate for differences in position. Also, differences in spacing of the reeds from the axis of the magnet are important as well as the spacing of the switch gaps along the axis, and precise but inexpensive switch locations means has not heretofore existed.
Thus, it is an object of this invention to produce an improved magnetically operated switch which can precisely and uniformly operate a plurality of isolated contacts.
It is a further object of the invention to provide magnetic switches and manufacturing methods for establishing uniformity of response from switch to switch when multiple switching sets are operated by a single magnet.
A still further object of the invention is to provide improved switch housing universal in nature for holding modular inserts for various semicustom switch configurations.
Thus, there is provided by the disclosed embodiment of the invention a magnetic switch assembly including a substantially cubic hollow housing with three grooved slideways to accept and register in removable position two planar printed circuit boards and a movable magnet assembly within the housing. The printed circuit boards may be mounted symmetrically on both sides of the magnet assembly in grooves which precisely locate the circuit board positions. The board itself may have affixed thereto one or more magnetically operated reed switches which are actuated by the movement of a magnet held in an assembly positioned therebetween to slide in a further precisely located groove which defines the magnet axis and degree of movement. The reed switches enclosed in glass envelopes have their leads bent normally to their axis to precisely locate the position of the gap along the 'axial movement of the magnet. These are spaced in apertures punched in the printed circuit assembly within very close tolerances both with respect to spacing from the magnet and along its axial movement path. Furthermore, this provides a mounting with strain relief at the ends of the reed switch glass tubes, since extreme pressures or strains from temperature damages or shocks are absorbed in the elastic leads, which suspend the switch and eliminate any stiff mounts near the glass tube.
The preferred embodiment of the invention is described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. I is a partially cut away perspective view of a keyboard switch and housing assembly embodiment provided by the invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the switch housing looking into the top opening;
FIG. 3 is a side view in section of the switch housing;
FIG. 4A is a plan view of a removable modular printed circuit switch array provided by the invention and FIG. 4B is a variation;
FIG. 5 is a side view, partly in section, of a movable magnet keying assembly;
FIG. 6 is a simplified top section view of two side-by-side switches as arranged in a keyboard; and
FIG. 7A is a sketch illustrating the standardization procedure for locating switches in the key switch assembly of the invention with FIG. 78 showing a variation.
As may be seen from FIGS. 1 to 3, a substantially cubic thinwalled hollow housing 10 is provided from a suitable plastic material. The housing 10 has on its internal walls a set of three pairs of grooves 11, 12, etc. for receiving a magnet holding key assembly 14 (seen in FIG. 5) in the central groove pair sandwiched between two planar printed circuit cards 15 (seen in FIG. 4). Each printed circuit card has mounted thereon one or more glass enclosed tubular magnetic reed switches 16 by means of registering bent leads extending axially from each end into precisely spaced apertures l7, 18, etc. in the printed circuit boards 15. A cap 20 is frictionally held in registering grooves 19 in the top opening of the housing to retain the printed circuit cards 17 and key assembly after insertion into grooves 11.
The bottom of the housing 10 is closed and stiffened with braces 21, and is slanted for mounting in a keyboard arrangement on a sloping laminated printed circuit wiring panel 22 with registration tab 23 locating the housing in aperture 24 of the panel 22. Apertures (not shown) in the panel register with the extending circuit connectors 25, 26, 27 extending from the switch mounting cards 15, so that they may be processed by dip soldering for example, to join to a wiring panel in the cooper lamination 28 of panel 22. The switch housing 10 may be afiixed in place by a screw 29 registering in aperture 30 coaxially centered within boss 31 at the bottom of the housing. An arrangement for mounting on the sloping panel as described in the hereinbefore mentioned Peroni patent may be used if desired. A coiled spring 32 seated about boss 31 engages the movable key assembly 15 to bias it upwardly with shoulder 33 resting against the cap 20. When the key cap 34, frictionally fit upon shaft 35 extending externally from the housing 20, is depressed against the bias of spring 32, the bottom prongs 35 of the key assembly 14 strike the bottom of housing 10 to limit the motion or keystroke over a predetermined range.
A magnet 36 is held centrally in the key assembly in a position which moves therewith to operate the contacts of the surrounding magnetic reed switches 16 somewhere in the range of motion of the,keystroke. For purposes of precisely positioning the magnetic action of this stroke the magnet may be frictionally held for movement in the manner described in the hereinbefore mentioned Jones patent. For example, if the key assembly is made of plastic, it may have frictionally engaging tabs 40 holding magnet 36 but permitting longitudinal movement under force of a calibration instrument as shown in FIG. 5. If the key assembly (as shown in FIG. 6) is made of ferrous shielding material, then a brass clip 41 may be affixed thereto for retaining magnet 368 in a frictionally held longitudinally movable position. If only one switch card 15 is included, this mounting may be desirable since a shield is introduced to prevent interaction of the magnet with switches in an adjacent keyboard switch assembly when switches are mounted closely together. Otherwise, the central positioning of the magnet 36A puts it in the most remote position and is desirable because four switches 16 on circuit cards 15A and 158 can be symmetrically arranged for identical switching characteristics under the influence of movable magnet 36A.
As shown in FIG. 4, switching, phasing, time or position in the switch elements 16A and 16B may be chosen for make-before-make sort of switching requirements, simply by staggering the mounting of the switches in different mounting holes, 17 and 18, for example. Thus, the overlapping reeds of the switches are at two different levels 45, 46 and the magnet operates them at different positions along its movable stroke. Wiring patterns are shown on both FIGS. 4A and 43 to show wiring variations and terminals of either printed circuit type 25, 26, 27 or of extending wire type 25', 26', 27.
This switching feature can be coupled with a second heavier coil spring 48 or equivalent leaf spring 48 as shown in FIG. 5, which is engaged after a part of the key stroke to give a manual feel and provide a double-action key where increased key pressure can provide a second function in a completely isolated switching circuit after the first circuit is switched. For ready assembly of spring 32 inside the housing to slip over boss 31, it may be frictionally retained on a groove 49 in tab 50 before assembly.
In this improved switch arrangement where it is desirable to operate a plurality of switches from a single magnet to provide complex switching functions in isolated circuits, it is sometimes necessary to operate the switches at close phasing. For example, it is desirable on a typewriter keyboard to have all keys operated at the same stroke depth. Also, some electronic circuits may require substantially identical timing of the switch closures in two or more reed switch assemblies 16. As may be visualized in FIG. 6, part of this problem is related to the spacing of the magnet from the switches, and the concentric arrangement of symmetrically positioned switches around centrally located magnet 36A permits standardization of switch operation position within a small degree of error. In this respect accuracy of switching is possible with the precise location of apertures 17, 18, etc. in switch mounting board when the procedure described in connection with FIG. 7 is followed. In the described switches, magnetic reeds are sealed within a tubular glass envelope and the leads 55 and 56 axially extend therefrom. A visual inspection readily shows the nominal location of the overlap section 54 which can be gauged for positioning in a jig at marks 59. Then by use of simple fixed anvil 57 and movable brake 58 over a reciprocal motion cycle indicated at 60, the leads are bent into positions 55A and 56A. Thus, the switches are calibrated for the predetermined switching timing, location or sequence by selection of the desired standard lead configurations and matching holes l7, 18 to provide a whole series ofmodules for diverse switching requirements.
Note that stresses at the glass seals are not great when mounted in printed circuit cards 15 as compared with the holding ofa switch in position in a switch by means of one lead extending through the bottom of the switch housing. Also note that the bending configuration of FIG. 7A provides for lead bending without stress at the glass to metal seal where the leads leave the tube, when clamps 62 hold the leads tight before anvil 58 is moved.
As shown in FIG. 7B, the leads are preferably bent in relation to a fixed test magnet which provides for closure of the contacts when positioned a variable distance a from one anvil. This permits individual switch assemblies ofiering different characteristics to be made uniform with respect to movement of magnets along the switch axis.
It is clear therefore that the present invention provides a modular keyboard switch housing offering improved and advantageous features. Thus, a large range of custom switching configurations may be assembled with standard modules. and the printed circuit mounting arrangement further increases life and reliability of the switches. Having therefore disclosed a novel multiple purpose universal switch assembly wherein a single movable magnet may precisely operate a multiplicity of surrounding switches, those features of novelty believed descriptive of the spirit and nature of the invention are defined with articularity in the algpended claims.
W AT IS CLAIMED 1. The method of establishing a standardized switching position of at least one magnetic reed switch taken from a group of switches of varying characteristics, said switch constructed with leads extending axially from a set of contacts through opposite ends ofa tubular glass enclosure, wherein said switch is operated to switch at a predetermined position of a magnet movable over a limited range alongside the axis of said leads comprising the steps of:
gauging accurately a gauged position on each lead extending from the switch contacts,
bending the two leads of the switch to make a reference marker while at said gauged position to provide means for mounting the switch in a referenced position, establishing a set of registration apertures in a circuit board positioned to receive the bent leads, and affixing the switch in a standard position in the circuit board through the apertures by extending the bent leads therethrough,
mounting the switch adjacent said magnet range in a station position fixed relative to the axis of the switch by said reference marker on the lead, and
moving the magnet in said range adjacent said switch at a distance therefrom causing the reed to switch at a predetermined standard position of the magnet in the range.
2. The method defined in claim 1, including the step of mounting two switches on a circuit board in apertures positioned relative to the magnet range so that the magnet operates the switch contacts of the respective switches at different positions in the range.

Claims (2)

1. The method of establishing a standardized switching position of at least one magnetic reed switch taken from a group of switches of varying characteristics, said switch constructed with leads extending axially from a set of contacts through opposite ends of a tubular glass enclosure, wherein said switch is operated to switch at a predetermined position of a magnet movable over a limited range alongside the axis of said leads comprising the steps of: gauging accurately a gauged position on each lead extending from the switch contacts, bending the two leads of the switch to make a reference marker while at said gauged position to provide means for mounting the switch in a referenced position, establishing a set of registration apertures in a circuit board positioned to receive the bent leads, and affixing the switch in a standard position in the circuit board through the apertures by extending the bent leads therethrough, mounting the switch adjacent said magnet range in a station posiTion fixed relative to the axis of the switch by said reference marker on the lead, and moving the magnet in said range adjacent said switch at a distance therefrom causing the reed to switch at a predetermined standard position of the magnet in the range.
2. The method defined in claim 1, including the step of mounting two switches on a circuit board in apertures positioned relative to the magnet range so that the magnet operates the switch contacts of the respective switches at different positions in the range.
US3664014D 1967-10-26 1969-08-14 Universal modular printed circuit magnetic reed keyboard switch assembly Expired - Lifetime US3664014A (en)

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US85010069A true 1969-08-14 1969-08-14

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4177439A (en) * 1978-02-27 1979-12-04 Standex International Corporation Reed relay and method of assembly
US20030067373A1 (en) * 2001-10-05 2003-04-10 Wieger George S. Modular reed switch assembly and method for making

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2855017A (en) * 1954-12-28 1958-10-07 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Device for adjusting the relative position of the contacts in a glass enclosed contact switch
US2902691A (en) * 1956-12-03 1959-09-08 Gen Mills Inc Bending mechanism
US2978707A (en) * 1958-06-19 1961-04-11 Gen Electric Co Ltd Automatic machines for mounting electrical components on base members
US3030451A (en) * 1958-11-04 1962-04-17 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Switching device
US3167780A (en) * 1962-12-05 1965-02-02 Burroughs Corp Machine for cutting, forming and inserting leads of electrical components
US3215794A (en) * 1961-11-09 1965-11-02 Clare & Co C P Reed relay mounting assembly
US3222758A (en) * 1962-01-31 1965-12-14 Clare & Co C P Method of making a switching assembly
US3266124A (en) * 1962-05-01 1966-08-16 Rca Corp Method of and apparatus for sealing glass-type envelopes
US3268686A (en) * 1964-11-27 1966-08-23 Albert F Dormeyer Split bobbin reed relay
US3308527A (en) * 1962-07-23 1967-03-14 Allen Bradley Co Method of manufacturing relays
US3345593A (en) * 1966-04-25 1967-10-03 Oak Electro Netics Corp Reed switch contact construction
US3388463A (en) * 1965-05-03 1968-06-18 Clare & Co C P Process of sealed switch manufacture
US3418611A (en) * 1966-08-01 1968-12-24 George Risk Ind Inc Magnetically actuatable switch having non-linear contacts embedded within resinous switch housing

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2855017A (en) * 1954-12-28 1958-10-07 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Device for adjusting the relative position of the contacts in a glass enclosed contact switch
US2902691A (en) * 1956-12-03 1959-09-08 Gen Mills Inc Bending mechanism
US2978707A (en) * 1958-06-19 1961-04-11 Gen Electric Co Ltd Automatic machines for mounting electrical components on base members
US3030451A (en) * 1958-11-04 1962-04-17 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Switching device
US3215794A (en) * 1961-11-09 1965-11-02 Clare & Co C P Reed relay mounting assembly
US3222758A (en) * 1962-01-31 1965-12-14 Clare & Co C P Method of making a switching assembly
US3266124A (en) * 1962-05-01 1966-08-16 Rca Corp Method of and apparatus for sealing glass-type envelopes
US3308527A (en) * 1962-07-23 1967-03-14 Allen Bradley Co Method of manufacturing relays
US3167780A (en) * 1962-12-05 1965-02-02 Burroughs Corp Machine for cutting, forming and inserting leads of electrical components
US3268686A (en) * 1964-11-27 1966-08-23 Albert F Dormeyer Split bobbin reed relay
US3388463A (en) * 1965-05-03 1968-06-18 Clare & Co C P Process of sealed switch manufacture
US3345593A (en) * 1966-04-25 1967-10-03 Oak Electro Netics Corp Reed switch contact construction
US3418611A (en) * 1966-08-01 1968-12-24 George Risk Ind Inc Magnetically actuatable switch having non-linear contacts embedded within resinous switch housing

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4177439A (en) * 1978-02-27 1979-12-04 Standex International Corporation Reed relay and method of assembly
US20030067373A1 (en) * 2001-10-05 2003-04-10 Wieger George S. Modular reed switch assembly and method for making
US6729016B2 (en) * 2001-10-05 2004-05-04 Honeywell International Inc. Method for making a modular reed switch assembly
US20050151608A1 (en) * 2001-10-05 2005-07-14 Wieger George S. Modular reed switch assembly and method for making
US7227436B2 (en) * 2001-10-05 2007-06-05 Honeywell International Inc. Modular reed switch assembly and method for making

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