Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Medical data processing

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3656473A
US3656473A US3656473DA US3656473A US 3656473 A US3656473 A US 3656473A US 3656473D A US3656473D A US 3656473DA US 3656473 A US3656473 A US 3656473A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
label
patient
data
identification
specimen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Lester A Sodickson
Martin J Rubin
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
American Science and Engineering Inc
Original Assignee
American Science and Engineering Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/02Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor using a plurality of sample containers moved by a conveyor system past one or more treatment or analysis stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/54Labware with identification means
    • B01L3/545Labware with identification means for laboratory containers
    • B01L3/5453Labware with identification means for laboratory containers for test tubes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00584Control arrangements for automatic analysers
    • G01N35/00722Communications; Identification
    • G01N35/00732Identification of carriers, materials or components in automatic analysers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00584Control arrangements for automatic analysers
    • G01N35/00722Communications; Identification
    • G01N35/00732Identification of carriers, materials or components in automatic analysers
    • G01N2035/00742Type of codes
    • G01N2035/00772Type of codes mechanical or optical code other than bar code
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00584Control arrangements for automatic analysers
    • G01N35/00722Communications; Identification
    • G01N35/00732Identification of carriers, materials or components in automatic analysers
    • G01N2035/00742Type of codes
    • G01N2035/00782Type of codes reprogrammmable code
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/00584Control arrangements for automatic analysers
    • G01N35/00722Communications; Identification
    • G01N35/00732Identification of carriers, materials or components in automatic analysers
    • G01N2035/00861Identification of carriers, materials or components in automatic analysers printing and sticking of identifiers

Abstract

A test tube bearing a label for receiving identifying marks is keyed into a label marking unit in the presence of the patient. Unique patient identification information is transcribed from his charge plate or wrist bracelet. Specimen description information and processing directions generated by keyboard, automatic modules, or auxiliary cards are also encoded on the label. Such cards may also receive the identification information. The label is decoded in keyed reading units in the laboratory and the indicated procedures performed. The identification information is read at process junctures and transcribed automatically to additional aliquot containers as required to maintain positive identification of the specimen.

Description

United States Patent Sedickson et a1.

58 Field Inventors:

Assignee:

Filed:

Appl.

tin J. Rubin, Chevy Chase, Md.

American Science & Engineering, Inc.,

Cambridge, Mass.

Aug. 28, 1969 US. Cl. ..128/2 R, 73/423 A, 128/2 G,

A6lb 10/00 ofSearch ..l28/2,2 R,2G,2F;

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Young ..73/423 A Conrad Whitehead et al.. Engelhardt et al..

15] 3,656,473 [451 Apr. 18, 1972 Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant Examiner-Kyle L. Howell AttorneyCharles Hieken [5 7] ABSTRACT A test tube bearing a label for receiving identifying marks is keyed into a label marking unit in the presence of the patient. Unique patient identification information is transcribed from his charge plate or wrist bracelet. Specimen description information and processing directions generated by keyboard, automatic modules, or auxiliary cards are also encoded on the label. Such cards may also receive the identification information. The label is decoded in keyed reading units in the laboratory and the indicated procedures perfonned. The identification information is read at process junctures and transcribed automatically to additional aliquot containers as required to maintain positive identification of the specimen.

8 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures SHEET 10F 2 INVENTORS R SODI C KS ON ATTORNEYS RTIN RUBIN STE PATENTEDAPR 18 I972 HOSPI 18% WARD ADMITTING ROOM 7 mmOCmmd 0 PORTABLE LABEL ENCODER F l G. 2

FIG.

PATENTEDAPR 18 I972 SHEET 2 UF 2 ORIG NA L BLANK 00 N TAINERS LABELED SAMPLE CONTAINER WITH UNMARICED LABELS LABEL 8\ ALIQUOT TRANSFER UNI T ORIGINAL SAMPLE LABELED CONTAINER .ALIQUOT CONTAINER OUT FIG. 4

ENTO R s CKSO N R N M ATTORNEYS MEDICAL DATA PROCESSING The present invention relates in general to the processing of medical data and more particularly concerns apparatus and techniques for insuring positive identification of a sample throughout the processing system in which test procedures are performed to aid in medical diagnosis of the patients ailment and the monitoring of his response to therapy. The invention facilitates accurately identifying a specimen-bearing container associated with a particular patient with a minimum of error.

Considerable effort has been devoted to increasing the speed and efficiency of hospital clinical laboratories by using computerized data retrieval and manipulation systems and by coupling computers to existing automated analysis instruments. The overall time for processing collected samples and the burden of routine record-keeping functions once in the laboratory has been materially reduced. Despite these advances, serious problems remain. To date the sample labeling problem has not been adequately solved, with all known manual and automated technique subject to a numerous variety of possible circumstances in which an accurately analyzed sample can be associated with the wrong patient. For example, blood may be drawn from the wrong patient, a sample tube may be wrongly marked, the label may be accidentally transposed during transit or processing, or the label may be misinterpreted. Accordingly, it is an important object of this invention to minimize the opportunities for such errors by the use of a specially prepared damage resistant permanently attached label, and by performing the labeling operation substantially at the time and place the specimen is withdrawn from a patient in a manner that facilitates automatic processing of the specimen and association of the test results with the patient.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to the invention, there is a label imprinter adapted to receive a specimen container with a permanently attached encodable label thereon and at least a patient identifying card or wrist bracelet kept with the patient so that a nurse or technician may insert the card or bracelet and cause the patient identification data to be directly impressed on the specimen container label, preferably with other indicia further identifying the specimen such as the nature of the specimen, the date and/or time taken.

The label is not detachable from the tube nor subject to damage or alteration under normal hospital conditions. The information is transcribed onto the. tube in the form of digitally encoded dots or other kinds of markings and may thus be either numeric or alphanumeric in content. These marks can both be written and read by machine and the information which they carry is therefore in a form compatible with but not limited to automatic data processing systems.

The unique patient identification information is transferred from coded holes or marks on the patients hospital charge plate or from a similarly prepared wrist bracelet when these are inserted into the aforementioned marking unit. The related background information is encoded onto the test tube from a keyboard on the marking unit. Special handling instructions e. g., diagnostic test requests) may also be encoded onto the tube from the keyboard or from a previously prepared card which contains the instructions in machine readable form and which is inserted into the marking unit. The same card or an auxiliary card may also receive all or part of the information transcribed onto the sample container for subsequent correlation with the container.

Once the label is complete and the specimen drawn, the tube (and additional card if used) are delivered to the processing laboratory. The sample container can then be keyed into a device which decodes the marks previously transcribed onto the tube and transfers the identification and other information into storage in a data processing system. Satellite reading units can be employed for operator verification of paachieve the desired tient identity at any stage of the processing. The same or similar reading and previously mentioned writing units can be combined to form a transfer unit which automatically transcribes and reverifies the coded information from the original sample container to another test tube, a procedure which can be employed simultaneously with the automatic or manual transfer of part or all of the sample from one tube to another.

Numerous other features, objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following specification when read in connection with the accompanying drawing in which:

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating the logical flow of elements into a portable label encoder according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a suitable label encoder according to the invention;

FIG. 2 A is a bottom view of test tube 15.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a suitable test tube reader according to the invention; and

FIG. 4 is a block diagram illustrating the logical fiow of elements into a label transfer module.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRE EMBODIMENTS With reference now to the drawing and more particularly FIG. 1 thereof, there is shown a portable label encoder 11 which may receive a test tube at input 12, a patient identification card at input 13 and a test request card at input 14 for encoding identification and other data on the test tube label 16 and preferably for simultaneous transcribing information on to the request card 24 concerning the tests to be made on the specimen. In an alternate embodiment a wrist bracelet may be read in a hand held unit connected to label encoder 11 by cable.

Referring to FIG. 2 there is shown a perspective exploded view of an exemplary embodiment of the portable label encoder 11. Test tube input 12 may include the circular opening with alignment pin 37 at the bottom so that test tube 15 with its label 16 and alignment indent 38 is keyed in position with the label 16 (best seen in FIG. 3) facing label encoder 17 to insure correct labeling of test tube 15. Vacutainer tubes adapted in manufacture to include this indent have been used to alignment. Test tube 15 preferably contains a permanent label in a well-defined orientation relative to the indent that is temperature sensitive so that label encoder 17 may appropriately encode with controlled heating elements the test tube label 16 with information such as patient identification, and other pertinent data such as the specimen type, the test to be performed, the ward, the time, the date and an accession number which also identified the particular portable label encoder 11. Temperature sensitive label 16 is preferably affixed to test tube 15 with a high melting point transparent plasticized adhesive tape which permanently bonds label 16 onto test tube 15, protects label 16 from spillage and other hazards, and facilitates the encoding of uniform marks on label 16 by diffusing the heat from the heating elements in label encoder 17. A preferred combination of materials uses an under layer of the Nashua Corporations OWT thermal sensitive paper beneath a self-adhering layer of the Connecticut Hard Rubber Company's KAPTON type 250 teflon tape. An alternate approach uses a thermosensitive paint such as one of the Tempil Corporation's TEMP- ALARM series which is applied directly to the tube by brush, spray, or dip and subsequently covered by a similarly applied protective and sealing overcoat. The label marks are imprinted by exposure to a set of multitum coils of nichrome wire whose temperature is elevated for a controlled time interval by a current source and time delay relay. The coil construction, exposure time, and operating temperature are adjusted to optimize the size and uniformity of the marks.

A patient identification card 21 may be inserted into input recess 13 so that the apparatus may read patient I. D. card 21 and actuate label encoder l7 accordingly to record this information on test tube label 16. Similarly, information such as the ward, date, time and accession number may be encoded on label 16 by label encoder 17 along with test requests that may be designated by the selection keys 18. In an alternate embodiment, the test request information could be read from card 24 rather than via the keyboard if such a card has been previously prepared elsewhere in the hospital system. The specific logical apparatus for reading the I. D. card may be any of the well-known card reader systems and is not a part of this invention.

Preferably the portable label encoder 11 includes a label verifier scanner 22 in recess 23 so that test tube may be placed in recess 23, and appropriate scanning mechanism actuated to effect readout of the permanent label identifying all the information on the label 16 to insure no error. The readout of these results may be on an associated CRT display, printed out or otherwise suitably displayed. The specific means for displaying the label information may be any well-known technique and is not a part of this invention.

Referring to FIG. 3, there is shown a perspective view of a suitable mechanism for effecting scanning of permanent label 16 of test tube 15. The unit reads the marks using reflected light. The linear array of marks is read in serial fashion as the read head is mechanically scanned along the tube. An alternate embodiment would employ an array of sensors, one for each mark to produce parallel read out. Label 16 is shown with two rows of binary data that may be optically read.

Scanner 22 resides in slot 23. A rack and pinion scanner 25 driven by a motor (not shown) causes the two rows 26 and 27 to be scanned by means including fiber optical cords 31 and 32, respectively, each energized at an input end 33 and 34, respectively, by a suitable light source (not shown) and delivering data representative light energy at output ends 35 and 36, respectively, to respective photocells (not shown) whose outputs may be suitably decoded by well known logical apparatus and converted into alphanumeric data corresponding to that imprinted upon label 24 by label encoder 17. Similar scanning apparatus and logical apparatus may be used at the input to individual test instruments to recover the identification information encoded on the label and correlate this information with the results of the analytical procedure on the specimen in the test tube 15. In addition such reading apparatus can be used to recover the information encoded on the test tube for visual display in the laboratory or elsewhere using a CRT, printer or other well known technique.

To facilitate the maintenance of absolute sample identity through normal laboratory processes such as the separation of cellular and fluid components by centrifugation and the division of the sample into numerous aliquots for a large number of discreteanalytic channels the above described reading and writing methods may be readily combined in a transfer module in which both the appropriate specimen component and the identification information are simultaneously transferred to a new test tube. The transcribed data is then automatically read and verified as in the bedside unit. The logical flow of material through this unit is shown in FIG. 4. The physical positioning of all test tubes within the transfer module may be performed either manually or automatically with the label transcription fully automated in the same fashion as in the bedside label marking unit, with the exception that the identification information is obtained from the original test tube instead of a card.

There has been described novel apparatus and techniques for insuring proper association of a specimen with a patient and the test to be performed on that patient. The invention is especially useful in connection with automatic testing and reporting systems using digital data techniques.

It is evident that those skilled in the art may now make numerous uses and modifications of any departures from the specific embodiments described herein without departing from the inventive concepts. Consequently, the invention is to be construed as embracing each and every novel feature and novel combination of features present in or possessed by the apparatus and techniques herein disclosed.

What is claimed is:

l. A method of medical data processing which method includes the steps of,

placing a specimen from a patient in a specimen container having a permanently attached encodable label thereon, placing said container in a code impressing means, then impressing encoded patient identification data from a patient identification means associated with and uniquely identifying said patient upon said encodable label to provide on said label an automatically readable identification of the patient from whom said specimen was taken, and

immediately after said impressing step and before said specimen is subjected to testing, placing said container in a code reading means associated with said code impressing means, scanning said encodable label to read out all the information encoded thereon and comparing the information thus read out with said patient identification data just previously impressed to insure the absence of error.

2. A method of medical data processing in accordance with claim 1 and further including the step of impressing encoded data on said label identifying the test to be performed upon said specimen to also provide on said label an automatically readable identification of the test to be performed upon said specimen.

3. A method of medical data processing in accordance with claim 2 and further including,

the scanning of said label being with said code reading means to provide an encoded output signal that both identifies said patient and the test to be performed upon said specimen.

4. Medical data processing apparatus comprising,

a specimen container having a permanently attached encodable label thereon,

patient identification means for providing encoded patient identification data uniquely identifying an associated patient, means for receiving both said specimen container and said patient identification means and responding to said patient identification means for impressing said encoded patient identification data upon said encodable label to provide on said label an automatically readable identification of the patient from whom the specimen in said container was taken,

said means for receiving also including separate means for receiving said specimen container for scanning said encodable label immediately after impressing encoded data by said means for impressing for reading out all the information encoded on said encodable label to provide an output indication for comparison with said patient identification data to insure the absence of error.

5. Medical data processing apparatus in accordance with claim 4 wherein said means for receiving includes means for impressing encoded data on said label identifying the test to be performed upon said specimen to also provide on said label an automatically readable identification of the test to be performed upon said specimen.

6. Medical data processing apparatus in accordance with claim 4 wherein said label includes thermosensitive material, and

said means for impressing includes means for selectively heating predetermined portions of said thermosensitive pizterial to visibly impress said encoded data upon said 7. Medical data processing apparatus in accordance with claim 6 wherein said thermosensitive material is secured to said container with a high melting point transparent plasticized adhesive tape.

8. Medical data processing apparatus in accordance with claim 6 wherein said therrnosensitive material is applied directly to said container as a layer of paint which is then covered by a suitable layer of protective and sealing material.

Claims (8)

1. A method of medical data processing which method includes the steps of, placing a specimen from a patient in a specimen container having a permanently attached encodable label thereon, placing said container in a code impressing means, then impressing encoded patient identification data from a patient identification means associated with and uniquely identifying said patient upon said encodable label to provide on said label an automatically readable identification of the patient from whom said specimen was taken, and immediately after said impressing step and before said specimen is subjected to testing, placing said container in a code reading means associated with said code impressing means, scanning said encodable label to read out all the information encoded thereon and comparing the information thus read out with said patient identification data just previously impressed to insure the absence of error.
2. A method of medical data processing in accordance with claim 1 and further including the step of impressing encoded data on said label identifying the test to be performed upon said specimen to also provide on said label an automatically readable identification of the test to be performed upon said specimen.
3. A method of medical data processing in accordance with claim 2 and further including, the scanning of said label being with said code reading means to provide an encoded output signal that both identifies said patient and the test to be performed upon said specimen.
4. Medical data processing apparatus comprising, a specimen container having a permanently attached encodable label thereon, patient identification means for providing encoded patient identification data uniquely identifying an associated patient, means for receiving both said specimen container and said patient idenTification means and responding to said patient identification means for impressing said encoded patient identification data upon said encodable label to provide on said label an automatically readable identification of the patient from whom the specimen in said container was taken, said means for receiving also including separate means for receiving said specimen container for scanning said encodable label immediately after impressing encoded data by said means for impressing for reading out all the information encoded on said encodable label to provide an output indication for comparison with said patient identification data to insure the absence of error.
5. Medical data processing apparatus in accordance with claim 4 wherein said means for receiving includes means for impressing encoded data on said label identifying the test to be performed upon said specimen to also provide on said label an automatically readable identification of the test to be performed upon said specimen.
6. Medical data processing apparatus in accordance with claim 4 wherein said label includes thermosensitive material, and said means for impressing includes means for selectively heating predetermined portions of said thermosensitive material to visibly impress said encoded data upon said label.
7. Medical data processing apparatus in accordance with claim 6 wherein said thermosensitive material is secured to said container with a high melting point transparent plasticized adhesive tape.
8. Medical data processing apparatus in accordance with claim 6 wherein said thermosensitive material is applied directly to said container as a layer of paint which is then covered by a suitable layer of protective and sealing material.
US3656473A 1969-08-28 1969-08-28 Medical data processing Expired - Lifetime US3656473A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US85364969 true 1969-08-28 1969-08-28

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3656473A true US3656473A (en) 1972-04-18

Family

ID=25316569

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3656473A Expired - Lifetime US3656473A (en) 1969-08-28 1969-08-28 Medical data processing

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US3656473A (en)
CA (1) CA952078A (en)
DE (2) DE7032075U (en)
FR (1) FR2060333B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1285115A (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3735902A (en) * 1971-07-22 1973-05-29 Instrumentation Labor Inc Dispenser apparatus
US4121574A (en) * 1977-04-11 1978-10-24 Medicgraph Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for measuring and recording vital signs of a patient
EP0027886A1 (en) * 1979-10-29 1981-05-06 E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Method and system for reproducing identification characters
US4279861A (en) * 1979-05-09 1981-07-21 Eastman Kodak Company Cartridge discriminator for an automated analysis system
US4460824A (en) * 1980-02-26 1984-07-17 Olympus Optical Co. Ltd. Test requisition card for automatic analyzing apparatus
US4476381A (en) * 1982-02-24 1984-10-09 Rubin Martin I Patient treatment method
FR2555744A1 (en) * 1983-11-30 1985-05-31 Philips Ind Commerciale Test piece with means for storing the results of analysis
US4678894A (en) * 1985-04-18 1987-07-07 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Sample identification system
WO1988001234A1 (en) * 1986-08-20 1988-02-25 Coulter Electronics, Inc. Automatic printing apparatus utilizing turnaround document
US4855909A (en) * 1987-11-20 1989-08-08 Hewlett-Packard Company Forensic sample tracking system and print station therefor
US5468022A (en) * 1994-06-14 1995-11-21 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Sample tube identification flag
US5879628A (en) * 1996-05-06 1999-03-09 Helena Laboratories Corporation Blood coagulation system having a bar code reader and a detecting means for detecting the presence of reagents in the cuvette
US6058876A (en) * 1998-09-17 2000-05-09 Keene; Douglas Blood type-specific safety labeling system for patients and blood products
WO2001008040A1 (en) * 1999-07-23 2001-02-01 Pathology Institute Of Middle Georgia System for labeling and encoding pathology specimens
EP1142643A2 (en) * 2000-04-03 2001-10-10 Becton, Dickinson and Company Self-aligning blood collection tube with encoded information
WO2002056121A2 (en) * 2000-12-16 2002-07-18 Paul Schmidt Sample tracking systems
US6575364B1 (en) * 1999-01-04 2003-06-10 Pharmacopeia, Inc. Methods and apparatus for embedded magnetically recordable labeling
US20040243336A1 (en) * 2001-08-17 2004-12-02 Kazushi Ootsuka Examination request management apparatus
EP1770399A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-04-04 Arkray, Inc. Inspection instrument
US20080217391A1 (en) * 2007-01-31 2008-09-11 Intellidot Corporation Optical markings
EP1986927A2 (en) * 2006-02-08 2008-11-05 Becton, Dickinson and Company, Wagner, Jaconda Improved label processor and method relating thereto
US8973293B2 (en) 2010-11-19 2015-03-10 Becton, Dickinson And Company Specimen container label for automated clinical laboratory processing systems

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1511258A (en) * 1976-06-03 1978-05-17 Secr Social Service Brit Vial and carrier therefor
JPS58189558A (en) * 1982-04-28 1983-11-05 Mochida Pharmaceut Co Ltd Vessel for immunological measurement
DE3242458A1 (en) * 1982-11-12 1984-05-17 Lange Gmbh Dr Bruno Sample distribution device

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2951121A (en) * 1954-04-26 1960-08-30 Conrad Ivan Willard High speed telegraph system
US3161457A (en) * 1962-11-01 1964-12-15 Ncr Co Thermal printing units
US3266298A (en) * 1963-07-30 1966-08-16 Technicon Instr Means and method for the identification of samples for blood typing
US3308010A (en) * 1960-07-26 1967-03-07 Magnavox Co Cryogenic and thermal seal for electrical members
US3437793A (en) * 1965-02-11 1969-04-08 Posterijen Telegrafie En Telef Information bearer and photo-electric reading device therefor
US3453648A (en) * 1967-08-29 1969-07-01 Milgo Electronic Corp Thermal printing device
US3470357A (en) * 1963-06-07 1969-09-30 Wilhelm Ritzerfeld Method of producing a printing form and of evaluating data contained therein
US3508879A (en) * 1966-12-15 1970-04-28 Xerox Corp Aliquotting device
US3523522A (en) * 1964-12-24 1970-08-11 Technicon Corp Apparatus for correlating body fluid samples with respective source individuals
US3526125A (en) * 1967-12-19 1970-09-01 Gilford Instr Labor Inc Test sample identifying system and apparatus for use in connection therewith
US3565582A (en) * 1967-11-30 1971-02-23 Robert R Young Methods and means for handling blood test specimens

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2951121A (en) * 1954-04-26 1960-08-30 Conrad Ivan Willard High speed telegraph system
US3308010A (en) * 1960-07-26 1967-03-07 Magnavox Co Cryogenic and thermal seal for electrical members
US3161457A (en) * 1962-11-01 1964-12-15 Ncr Co Thermal printing units
US3470357A (en) * 1963-06-07 1969-09-30 Wilhelm Ritzerfeld Method of producing a printing form and of evaluating data contained therein
US3266298A (en) * 1963-07-30 1966-08-16 Technicon Instr Means and method for the identification of samples for blood typing
US3523522A (en) * 1964-12-24 1970-08-11 Technicon Corp Apparatus for correlating body fluid samples with respective source individuals
US3437793A (en) * 1965-02-11 1969-04-08 Posterijen Telegrafie En Telef Information bearer and photo-electric reading device therefor
US3508879A (en) * 1966-12-15 1970-04-28 Xerox Corp Aliquotting device
US3453648A (en) * 1967-08-29 1969-07-01 Milgo Electronic Corp Thermal printing device
US3565582A (en) * 1967-11-30 1971-02-23 Robert R Young Methods and means for handling blood test specimens
US3526125A (en) * 1967-12-19 1970-09-01 Gilford Instr Labor Inc Test sample identifying system and apparatus for use in connection therewith

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3735902A (en) * 1971-07-22 1973-05-29 Instrumentation Labor Inc Dispenser apparatus
US4121574A (en) * 1977-04-11 1978-10-24 Medicgraph Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for measuring and recording vital signs of a patient
US4279861A (en) * 1979-05-09 1981-07-21 Eastman Kodak Company Cartridge discriminator for an automated analysis system
EP0027886A1 (en) * 1979-10-29 1981-05-06 E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Method and system for reproducing identification characters
US4268179A (en) * 1979-10-29 1981-05-19 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Method and system for reproducing identification characters
US4460824A (en) * 1980-02-26 1984-07-17 Olympus Optical Co. Ltd. Test requisition card for automatic analyzing apparatus
US4476381A (en) * 1982-02-24 1984-10-09 Rubin Martin I Patient treatment method
FR2555744A1 (en) * 1983-11-30 1985-05-31 Philips Ind Commerciale Test piece with means for storing the results of analysis
US4678894A (en) * 1985-04-18 1987-07-07 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Sample identification system
US4746233A (en) * 1986-08-20 1988-05-24 Coulter Electronics, Inc. Automatic printing apparatus utilizing turnaround document
WO1988001234A1 (en) * 1986-08-20 1988-02-25 Coulter Electronics, Inc. Automatic printing apparatus utilizing turnaround document
US4855909A (en) * 1987-11-20 1989-08-08 Hewlett-Packard Company Forensic sample tracking system and print station therefor
US5468022A (en) * 1994-06-14 1995-11-21 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Sample tube identification flag
US5879628A (en) * 1996-05-06 1999-03-09 Helena Laboratories Corporation Blood coagulation system having a bar code reader and a detecting means for detecting the presence of reagents in the cuvette
US6058876A (en) * 1998-09-17 2000-05-09 Keene; Douglas Blood type-specific safety labeling system for patients and blood products
US6363878B1 (en) 1998-09-17 2002-04-02 Douglas Keene Blood type-specific safety labeling system for patients and blood products
US6575364B1 (en) * 1999-01-04 2003-06-10 Pharmacopeia, Inc. Methods and apparatus for embedded magnetically recordable labeling
WO2001008040A1 (en) * 1999-07-23 2001-02-01 Pathology Institute Of Middle Georgia System for labeling and encoding pathology specimens
US20040091401A1 (en) * 2000-04-03 2004-05-13 Golabek Robert S. Self-aligning blood collection tube with encoded information
EP1142643A2 (en) * 2000-04-03 2001-10-10 Becton, Dickinson and Company Self-aligning blood collection tube with encoded information
EP1142643A3 (en) * 2000-04-03 2003-07-02 Becton, Dickinson and Company Self-aligning blood collection tube with encoded information
WO2002056121A3 (en) * 2000-12-16 2002-12-05 Kobus Preller Sample tracking systems
WO2002056121A2 (en) * 2000-12-16 2002-07-18 Paul Schmidt Sample tracking systems
US20040243336A1 (en) * 2001-08-17 2004-12-02 Kazushi Ootsuka Examination request management apparatus
EP1770399A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-04-04 Arkray, Inc. Inspection instrument
EP1770399A4 (en) * 2004-12-03 2012-03-14 Arkray Inc Inspection instrument
US20100279397A1 (en) * 2006-02-08 2010-11-04 Becton, Dickinson And Company Biological specimen collection and storage devices
US20090130646A1 (en) * 2006-02-08 2009-05-21 Becton, Dickinson And Company Blood collection device, method, and system for using the same
US20100067024A1 (en) * 2006-02-08 2010-03-18 Becton, Dickinson And Company Label processor and method relating thereto
EP1986927A2 (en) * 2006-02-08 2008-11-05 Becton, Dickinson and Company, Wagner, Jaconda Improved label processor and method relating thereto
EP1986927A4 (en) * 2006-02-08 2011-03-30 Becton Dickinson Co Improved label processor and method relating thereto
US8630016B2 (en) * 2006-02-08 2014-01-14 Becton, Dickinson And Company Label processor and method relating thereto
US9724690B2 (en) 2006-02-08 2017-08-08 Becton, Dickinson And Company Blood collection device, method, and system for using the same
US20080217391A1 (en) * 2007-01-31 2008-09-11 Intellidot Corporation Optical markings
US8973293B2 (en) 2010-11-19 2015-03-10 Becton, Dickinson And Company Specimen container label for automated clinical laboratory processing systems
US9604217B2 (en) 2010-11-19 2017-03-28 Becton, Dickinson And Company Specimen container label for automated clinical laboratory processing systems

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE7032075U (en) 1971-08-19 grant
CA952078A1 (en) grant
CA952078A (en) 1974-07-30 grant
FR2060333A1 (en) 1971-06-18 application
DE2042540A1 (en) 1971-04-22 application
GB1285115A (en) 1972-08-09 application
FR2060333B1 (en) 1976-03-05 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3565582A (en) Methods and means for handling blood test specimens
US3643348A (en) System and method for individually programmed automatic test grading and scoring
US5401059A (en) Process and unit for univocal pairing of drugs corresponding to a prescribed treatment with a given patient
US5468022A (en) Sample tube identification flag
US4116775A (en) Machine and process for reading cards containing medical specimens
US3679875A (en) Medical test data entry terminal
US4133642A (en) Pipetting apparatus for automatic analyzer
US5193541A (en) Health examination method and system using plural self-test stations and a magnetic card
US6599481B2 (en) Specimen label
US3027079A (en) Data handling system
US5166498A (en) Procedure and assembly for drawing blood
US6173154B1 (en) System and method for imaging test answer sheets having open-ended questions
US5153416A (en) Procedure and assembly for drawing blood
US20050184153A1 (en) Apparatus and methods for monitoring transfusion of blood
DE19621179A1 (en) System for identification, handling and recording of medical samples
US20040267562A1 (en) Method for taking a sample from a system
US6144304A (en) Methods and apparatus for the secure identification of infants and parents in health care institutions
US3693166A (en) Data interpretation terminal
US5164575A (en) Blood sampling procedure and apparatus
US3177470A (en) Character sensing system
US3970996A (en) Apparatus for collecting medical data
US5412706A (en) Mammogram marking system
US3909203A (en) Analysis system having random identification and labeling system
US20050149350A1 (en) Patient information management system and method
US20040096363A1 (en) Point-of-care assay reader and analyzer