US3651319A - Display device - Google Patents

Display device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3651319A
US3651319A US3651319DA US3651319A US 3651319 A US3651319 A US 3651319A US 3651319D A US3651319D A US 3651319DA US 3651319 A US3651319 A US 3651319A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
lamps
light
envelope
display
device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Raymond H Norris
Richard H Bradford Jr
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RICHARD H BRADFORD
Original Assignee
RICHARD H BRADFORD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F19/00Miscellaneous advertising or display means not provided for elsewhere
    • G09F19/12Miscellaneous advertising or display means not provided for elsewhere using special optical effects
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V9/00Elements for modifying spectral properties, polarisation or intensity of the light emitted, e.g. filters
    • F21V9/40Elements for modifying spectral properties, polarisation or intensity of the light emitted, e.g. filters with provision for controlling spectral properties, e.g. colour, or intensity
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/40Lighting for industrial, commercial, recreational or military use
    • F21W2131/406Lighting for industrial, commercial, recreational or military use for theatres, stages or film studios
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S362/00Illumination
    • Y10S362/806Ornamental or decorative
    • Y10S362/811Psychedelic lighting

Abstract

A display device comprising an envelope of diffuse material enclosing a plurality of individually flashing lamps disposed within a cluster of opaque light barriers which may be the conductive wires leading the the lamps. Flashing of the lamps displays irregular patterns on the envelope which vary randomly in regard to point of origin, distinctness and character of pattern and color.

Description

United States Patent Norris et a1.

[451 Mar. 21, 1972 [54] DISPLAY DEVICE 221 Filed: Sept. 14, 1970 211 App1.No.: 46,179

[52] U.S. Cl ..240/10.1 [51] Int. Cl ..F2lp 1/03 [58] Field ofSearch 240/10, 10.1, 10 T, 10 S, 126, 240/101, 10.6, 100, 36; 84/464 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,541,687 6/1925 Cory ..240/l0.l 1,871,073 8/1932 Walker.... 240/101 1,957,763 5/1934 Dupler 240/1011 2,131,934 10/1938 Burchfield ..84/464 2,168,799 8/1939 Korkosz et al. .....240/10.1 UX 2,242,597 5/1941 Quandee ..240/10 T 2,280,684 4/1942 I Bronner, Sr. ..240/10.l

3,035,163 5/1962 Paumgardhen... ..240/10.l

3,283,136 11/1966 Dinkler et al. ....240/l26 X 3,538,323 11/1970 Ziegler ..240/10.1

OTHER PUBLICATIONS Publication: Edmund Scientific Co. Harrington, NJ. Light Boxes 1969, pp. 11.1-11.6

Primary Examiner-Louis J Capozi Attorney-Smith, Michael, Bradford & Gardiner [57] ABSTRACT A display device comprising an envelope of diffuse material enclosing a plurality of individually flashing lamps disposed 6 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENTEDMAR 21 972 FIG 1 FIGZ RAYMOND H. NOR R18 R I CHAR n H.8RADFOR012 INVENTORv I M mm DISPLAY DEVICE BACKGROUND OF INVENTION Illuminated display device comprising a globe or similar envelope enclosing an array of light sources which are independantly activated to change the color of the illumination have been suggested in such U.S. Pat. Nos. as Hay 1,283,751, issued Nov. 5, 1918 and in Dinkler, et al., 3,283,136 issued Nov. 5, 1918. It has also been known to interpose a light obstructing element between such an array and the diffuse envelope in order to augment the color display with a silhouette which is varied by movement of the light obstructing element. See, for instance, Burchfield US. Pat. No. 2,131,934 issued Oct. 4, 1938.

In the aforementioned prior art, the light sources have been arranged in an array of predetermined formal geometric disposition, as in a straight line or on a common plane, and the indicia or light obstructing element is placed remotely from the array. Hence, while the resultant light patterns have been somewhat random in their recurrance due to the random flashing of the independent light sources, the patterns are confined to relatively few variations as prescribed by the indicia or light obstructing elements and do not vary appreciably in form or significantly in location as a result of the flashing of the individual lamps. The resultant effect is one of frequently recurrent predetermined patterns.

OBJECTS OF THIS INVENTION within the display,

3. light patterns continuously varying in apparent intensity,

4. light patterns continuously varying in configuration,

5. light patterns continuously varying in distinctness of outline,

6. light patterns continuously varying in color,

7. light patterns simultaneously varying in each of the foregoing characteristics wherein the variations involve some gradual periods of change interspersed with abrupt periods of change, and

8. light patterns which may be readily changed to accommodate individual whims of the user.

These, and other self-evident advantages of this invention, will become more evident from a consideration of the ensuing specification in which,

FIG. 1 is a vertical section of a display device constructed in accordance with this invention and FIGS. 2, A, B and C are side views of the device illustrating exemplary light patterns.

Referring initially to FIG. 1, the display device comprises an envelope of light diffusing material, such as glass or plastic, in any form but here illustrated as a globe 1 having an upper opening bordered by an upstanding lip 2. The globe l is supported by a suspension comprising a housing 3 which carries a motor 4 of geared type for imparting slow speed rotation to a depending countershaft 5. A plate 6 including a hub 7 is attached to the countershaft by a set screw 8, and further includes a depending peripheral flange 9 which carries set screws 10 for supporting engagement with the lip 2 of the globe l in conventional fashion. The entire assembly is suspended from an overhead structure by a chain 11 attached to the housing 3. It is obvious that one may, without departing from the concept of this invention, omit the motor assembly and attach the plate 6 directly to the chain 11 where rotation of the device is not desired, and equally obvious that the envelope may be supported from a wall or other vertical surface or inverted and supported on a base.

The essence of this invention involves the disposition within the confines of the globe l of a cluster or entanglement comprising a plurality of lamps, as at 12, interconnected by opaque light obstructing elements such as the wires 13 interconnecting the lamps with a current source, not shown. In the illustrated rotational embodiment, this connection is established through a conventional slip ring 14 and brush l5 assembly and power cord 16.

The cluster or entanglement of wires 13 and lamps 12 may be of the conventional Christmas tree string type in which the lamps are of the individually flashing type wherein the pattern of flashing is random in nature. The cluster is preferably concentrated near the center of the enclosure of the envelope whereby sharp outlines of the wires 13 are avoided in the light patterns created on the surface of the envelope, although considerable lattitude may be exercised by the individual user in the arrangement of the cluster. To assist the user in so arranging the cluster, a skeletal support element, here shown as a wire 17 may be provided. Further individual creativeness may be exercised by supplementing the patterns to be created by the wires with indicia such as an advertising insignia. It may be desireable to place a light obstructing element (not shown) in the form of such insignia near the envelope so that a relatively well defined outline is returned.

Regardless of the particular arrangement created by the user, it is inherent in the nature of the cluster that the lamps are placed in random positions throughout a substantial 3- dimensional area of the envelope, and that their orientation, is equally random in nature. Stated more precisely, random orientation refers to a disposition of individual lamps wherein axes drawn through the respective lamps and their opaque bases are randomly disposed. Hence, each lamp tends to illuminate one portion of the globe to a greater extent than another portion which is more remote from the lamp and/or is shaded by the lamp base. In addition to the aforementioned variation in illumination and shading, variations in light patterns are introduced by distribution of the lamps throughout a surrounding cluster or entanglement of light obstructing elements including the wires 13. By virtue of this distribution,

- portions of the light obstructing elements are disposed in various positions and in random arrangements between the lamps and the envelope surface. Where these obstructing elements lie close to the envelope surface, the outlines created by shading of the surface are relatively distinct in outline and of a relatively dark nature. Conversely stated, where they are more proximate to the lamp, they are relatively indistinct in outline and intensity. Further, the entangled nature of these obstructions brings about an overlapping which in turn is multiplied by the fact that more than one lamp is generally illuminated at one time. Hence, the illumination produced on the envelope surface at any one instant presents variations throughout the surface in respect to light intensity and color depending upon the position, general shading (as by the lamp base), and color of the particular lamp which is activated at that moment, and further variation is introduced by the blending of these efiects when more than one lamp is illuminated. In addition to the variations in illumination occurring over the surface of the envelope at one time, the pattern created by the light obstructing elements varies in regard to time as the flashing of the lamps effectively changes the point of origin of the light, resulting in the aforedescribed variations of pattern in regard to nature of outline, distinctness, darkness. The combination of variations may be abrupt, as where a lamp close to the observed surface is extinguished at the same time that, by chance, a second lamp is activated. These abrupt changes are interspersed with more subtle changes which result upon changes in illumination of lamps located more remotely from the observer and where one lamp is activated prior to the extinguishment of another, thus creating an overlapping or blend in the aforementioned manner. The result is a constant change of moods between subtle changes in blends of colors and indistinct outlines to a harsh or abrupt change of more brilliant illumination and distinctly demarked patterns. The nature or preponderance of moods of the display may be controlled to some extent by distributing the cluster including the lamps throughout a greater area of the enclosure whereby portions lie closer to the envelope surface where a more harsh overall mood is desired, or by favoring one side of the display over the other if it is desirable to display a harsh mood on one side of the envelope and a preponderance of subtle changes in the other. While the number of lamps utilized is at the discretion of the user, the aforedescribed variation in moods is best accomplished with the use of from ten to twenty lamps. The more lamps that are used, the more blending and overlapping that occurs. Hence, the overall mood tends to be more subtle as the number of lamps is increased.

FIGS. 2, A, B and C present representations of a variety of patterns indicative of only a sample of the wide variation which is exhibited by the display device of invention. In FIG. 2 A, a relatively distinctly outlined elongated pattern is evident at 18, which is representative of a pattern created by a wire lying more proximate to that portion of the envelope surface than the balance of the cluster. On the other hand, more indistinct patterns created by more remote light obstructing elementsare evident at such positions as indicated by reference numeral 19 in FIG. 2B. These figures also represent various combinations of colors, such as the blend of green, red and blue symbolized in FIG. 2A and of orange and green in FIG. 28, it being understood that the transitions zones between colored areas comprises a blend of the colors involved.

From the foregoing it is evident that the illuminated display device as described provides a pattern which continuously varies in changing moods of pattern change, nature of pattern, intensity, etc., with a resultant impression of a psychodelic display nature not previously attained. The description is for illustrative purposes only and is not to be construed as limiting the basic inventive concept to the described embodiment. As it might pertain to various modifications and alternative embodiments to that described, the scope of the invention is to be determined by reference to the following claims.

Iclaim:

1. A display device comprising a three-dimensional envelope of light diffusing material defining therewithin an enclosure of substantial volume in each of said three dimensions, a cluster occupying a substantial three-dimensional area of said enclosure and comprising a plurality of lamps of the independently flashing type and an entanglement of opaque conductive elements electrically interconnecting said lamps and a power source, said conductive elements comprising wires hav ing sufficient rigidity to be self-sustaining and to support said lamps in a spaced random disposition throughout said cluster, means supporting said cluster in spaced relationship to said envelope, said entangled conductive elements including portions intermingled among said lamps to constitute light barriers disposed between individual lamps and limited random areas distributed over substantially the entire surrounding surfaceof said envelope, said structure defining a device wherein the independent flashing of said lamps illuminates said surface of said envelope from varying points throughout said substantial three-dimensional area to project thereagainst images of differing light barrier portions and thus establish changing light patterns throughout the extent of said envelope, which patterns vary randomly in regards to intensity and character of pattern dependent upon the point of light origin at a particular instant.

2. A display device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said lamps include lamps of various colorations whereby said light patterns additionally vary randomly in regard to color.

3. A display device as set forth in claim 1 including support means, said means including a rotatable member for rotating said envelope.

4. A display device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said lamps and said entanglement of conductive elements occupy substantially the inner two-thirds of the said substantial threedimensional area within said envelope surface. I

5. A display device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said lamps include opaque bases which constitute additional light barriers, the lamps and their bases being positioned so that axes drawn through each lamp and its base are randomly oriented with respect to each other whereby the respective bases shade differing respective portions of said envelope from direct illumination by said lamps.

6. A display device as set forth in claim 1 wherein the number of lamps falls within the range of 10 to 20, the individual flashing resulting in overlapping periods of illumination of different lamps interspersed with abrupt changes between periods of illumination of respective lamps whereby the mood of pattern change varies randomly between subtle and abrupt changes.

Claims (6)

1. A display device comprising a three-dimensional envelope of light diffusing material defining therewithin an enclosure of substantial volume in each of said three dimensions, a cluster occupying a substantial three-dimensional area of said enclosure and comprising a plurality of lamps of the independently flashing type and an entanglement of opaque conductive elements electrically interconnecting said lamps and a power source, said conductive elements comprising wires having sufficient rigidity to be self-sustaining and to support said lamps in a spaced random disposition throughout said cluster, means supporting said cluster in spaced relationship to said envelope, said entangled conductive elements including portions intermingled among said lamps to constitute light barriers disposed between individual lamps and limited random areas distributed over substantially the entire surrounding surface of said envelope, said structure defining a device wherein the independent flashing of said lamps illuminates said surface of said envelope from varying points throughout said substantial three-dimensional area to project thereagainst images of differing light barrier portions and thus establish changing light patterns throughout the extent of said envelope, which patterns vary randomly in regards to intensity and character of pattern dependent upon the point of light origin at a particular instant.
2. A display device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said lamps include lamps of various colorations whereby said light patterns additionally vary randomly in regard to color.
3. A display device as set forth in claim 1 including support means, said means including a rotatable member for rotating said envelope.
4. A display device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said lamps and said entanglement of conductive elements occupy substantially the inner two-thirds of the said substantial three-dimensional area within said envelope surface.
5. A display device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said lamps include opaque bases which constitute additional light barriers, the lamps and their bases being positioned so that axes drawn through each lamp and its base are randomly oriented with respect to each other whereby the respective bases shade differing respective portions of said envelope from direct illumination by said lamps.
6. A display device as set forth in claim 1 wherein the number of lamps falls within the range of 10 to 20, the individual flashing resulting in overlapping periods of illumination of different lamps interspersed with abrupt changes between periods of illumination of respective lamps whereby the mood of pattern change varies randomly between subtle and abrupt changes.
US3651319A 1970-09-14 1970-09-14 Display device Expired - Lifetime US3651319A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US4617970 true 1970-09-14 1970-09-14

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3651319A true US3651319A (en) 1972-03-21

Family

ID=21942029

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3651319A Expired - Lifetime US3651319A (en) 1970-09-14 1970-09-14 Display device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3651319A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4173038A (en) * 1977-08-30 1979-10-30 Kiefer Jeffrey N Changing image light device
FR2603413A1 (en) * 1986-09-01 1988-03-04 Claude Folliot Device for presenting business posters
US6394961B1 (en) 1999-10-28 2002-05-28 Pulsion Medical Systems Ag Method to increase transpulmonary thermodilution cardiac output accuracy by use of extravascular thermovolume to control the amount of thermal indicator
US6601964B2 (en) * 2000-12-06 2003-08-05 Ritek Corporation Lamp having a readable disk with an electro-luminescent element
US6692138B2 (en) * 2000-12-05 2004-02-17 Todd E. Chornenky Illumination display device without mirrors
US6705740B1 (en) * 1999-07-28 2004-03-16 Steve Weinreich Tracking mirror
US6712488B2 (en) * 2001-08-30 2004-03-30 Lg Electronics Inc. Globe type electrodeless lighting apparatus
US20050219842A1 (en) * 2004-03-18 2005-10-06 Chornenky T E Illumination matrix with substantially symmetrical arrangement
US20050275347A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2005-12-15 Liang Chih P Double-shielded electroluminescent panel
US20080265792A1 (en) * 2006-04-03 2008-10-30 Chih-Ping Liang Constant Brightness Control For Electro-Luminescent Lamp

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1541687A (en) * 1923-12-27 1925-06-09 Charles C Cory Illuminating device
US1871073A (en) * 1929-12-16 1932-08-09 Marriage Elsa B Walker Illuminating apparatus for display purposes
US1957763A (en) * 1932-10-12 1934-05-08 Raymond R Dupler Lamp
US2131934A (en) * 1936-03-09 1938-10-04 Robert D Burchfield Visual interpretation of electrical currents
US2168799A (en) * 1937-07-20 1939-08-08 Frank D Korkosz Projection apparatus
US2242597A (en) * 1939-02-09 1941-05-20 Alvin A Quandee Tree lighting system
US2280684A (en) * 1939-04-12 1942-04-21 Sr Cleveland Bronner Means for producing light effects
US3035163A (en) * 1960-02-24 1962-05-15 Paumgardhen Gaethy Apparatus for rotating and operating light blubs
US3283136A (en) * 1963-12-05 1966-11-01 Technical Entpr Inc Multi-color display apparatus
US3538323A (en) * 1969-07-16 1970-11-03 Robert M Ziegler Decorative light source

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1541687A (en) * 1923-12-27 1925-06-09 Charles C Cory Illuminating device
US1871073A (en) * 1929-12-16 1932-08-09 Marriage Elsa B Walker Illuminating apparatus for display purposes
US1957763A (en) * 1932-10-12 1934-05-08 Raymond R Dupler Lamp
US2131934A (en) * 1936-03-09 1938-10-04 Robert D Burchfield Visual interpretation of electrical currents
US2168799A (en) * 1937-07-20 1939-08-08 Frank D Korkosz Projection apparatus
US2242597A (en) * 1939-02-09 1941-05-20 Alvin A Quandee Tree lighting system
US2280684A (en) * 1939-04-12 1942-04-21 Sr Cleveland Bronner Means for producing light effects
US3035163A (en) * 1960-02-24 1962-05-15 Paumgardhen Gaethy Apparatus for rotating and operating light blubs
US3283136A (en) * 1963-12-05 1966-11-01 Technical Entpr Inc Multi-color display apparatus
US3538323A (en) * 1969-07-16 1970-11-03 Robert M Ziegler Decorative light source

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Publication: Edmund Scientific Co. Barrington, N.J. Light Boxes 1969, pp. 11.1 11.6 *

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4173038A (en) * 1977-08-30 1979-10-30 Kiefer Jeffrey N Changing image light device
FR2603413A1 (en) * 1986-09-01 1988-03-04 Claude Folliot Device for presenting business posters
US6705740B1 (en) * 1999-07-28 2004-03-16 Steve Weinreich Tracking mirror
US6394961B1 (en) 1999-10-28 2002-05-28 Pulsion Medical Systems Ag Method to increase transpulmonary thermodilution cardiac output accuracy by use of extravascular thermovolume to control the amount of thermal indicator
US6692138B2 (en) * 2000-12-05 2004-02-17 Todd E. Chornenky Illumination display device without mirrors
US6601964B2 (en) * 2000-12-06 2003-08-05 Ritek Corporation Lamp having a readable disk with an electro-luminescent element
US6712488B2 (en) * 2001-08-30 2004-03-30 Lg Electronics Inc. Globe type electrodeless lighting apparatus
US7344276B2 (en) 2004-03-18 2008-03-18 Todd Eric Chornenky Illumination matrix with substantially symmetrical arrangement
US20050219842A1 (en) * 2004-03-18 2005-10-06 Chornenky T E Illumination matrix with substantially symmetrical arrangement
US20050275347A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2005-12-15 Liang Chih P Double-shielded electroluminescent panel
US7816864B2 (en) 2004-06-09 2010-10-19 Ceelite, Inc. Double-shielded electroluminescent panel
US20080265792A1 (en) * 2006-04-03 2008-10-30 Chih-Ping Liang Constant Brightness Control For Electro-Luminescent Lamp
US7719210B2 (en) 2006-04-03 2010-05-18 Ceelight, Inc. Constant brightness control for electro-luminescent lamp
US20100237804A1 (en) * 2006-04-03 2010-09-23 Ceelite, Inc. Constant brightness control for electroluminescent lamp
US7990362B2 (en) 2006-04-03 2011-08-02 Ceelite, Inc. Constant brightness control for electroluminescent lamp

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4677533A (en) Lighting fixture
US4017729A (en) Decorative lamp
US6241363B1 (en) Colored light mixing device
US3721815A (en) Acylindrical ornamental illumination device and adapter
US5422801A (en) Christmas tree light ring arrangement
US4805075A (en) Artificial Christmas tree
US20010033488A1 (en) Electronic flame
US3977458A (en) Bead curtains
US5582478A (en) Food covering system with illuminating and/or moving decorations
US20030189825A1 (en) Decorative electronic lighting for Halloween pumpkin
US4734619A (en) Display device with variable color background
US3894225A (en) Tape-lamps
US6280053B1 (en) Multiple function electro-luminescent night light devices
US4209824A (en) Electrically illuminated book
US4833580A (en) Illuminated decorative ornament
US20060044788A1 (en) Illuminating necklace
US3356839A (en) Diffusion-illuminated drawing board
US20070236947A1 (en) Imitation candle with simulated lighted wick using external light source
US5577831A (en) Light-emitting structure of a decorative toy
US4339787A (en) Christmas decoration
US5092065A (en) Display device having doubly rotatable decorative articles
US5213519A (en) Electrical receptacle arrangement
US20040160769A1 (en) Cordless LED light driving wall module and night light
US5029047A (en) Lighted fiber optic mobile
US6854863B2 (en) Multi-directional reflection decorative lighting equipment