US364922A - Safe-lock - Google Patents

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US364922A
US364922A US364922DA US364922A US 364922 A US364922 A US 364922A US 364922D A US364922D A US 364922DA US 364922 A US364922 A US 364922A
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springs
bolts
plate
door
actuating
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B43/00Time locks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/70Operating mechanism
    • Y10T70/7006Predetermined time interval controlled
    • Y10T70/7034Clockwork control
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/80Parts, attachments, accessories and adjuncts
    • Y10T70/8892Silencers or mufflers

Description

(ModeL) 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 J. O. HARRIS.

SAFE LOOK.

No. 364,922. 4 Patented June 14, 1887.

N. PETERS, Phulo-Mhcgnpher, Washingloll. DJ;

3 Sheets-Sheet 2.

J O. HARRIS.

SAFE LOOK.

, Patented June 14, 1887.

' ww: 0 M

N. PETERS. Fhaio-Lilhogmphcr. washingmn. DA;

(ModeL) 3 Sheets--Sheet 3,

J. G. HARRIS.

SAFE LOOK.

No. 364,922. Patented June 14, 1887.

II B 1 N, PETERS, Phowmhugnphor. Washmpion. D. c

UNITED STATES PATE T JAMES C. HARRIS, OF DAYTON, OHIO.

SAFE-LOCK.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 364,922, dated June 14, 1887.

Serial No. 218,860. (ModeLl To all whom, it may concern.-

Be it known that I, J AMES 0. Hnnms, of Dayton, in the county of Montgomery and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Safe-Locks; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

This invention relates to that class of locks for safe-doors in which the lock-bolts are actuated solely by means located inside of the safe, and more especially to locks of that class in which the bolt works are cast and retracted by springs, and in which a time mechanism is employed for controlling the springs by which the bolts are retracted to unlock the safe automatically at a desired time.

The object of my invention is to provide an improved construction in the devices for compressing and releasing the springs by which the bolt-work is actuated, in means for controlling the springs by which the bolts are cast in looking the safe, and in other details of construction in devices of the character described, as will hereinafter appear.

The invention consists in the matters hereinafter described, and pointed out in the appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings, illustrating my invention, Figure 1 is a view in elevation of the inner side of a safe-door, showing the bolt-works, and an exterior view of a device embodying my invention for actuating the same, the bolts being shown in their retracted position. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the parts with the bolts in their position when the door is locked, a part of the casing of the actuating devices being broken away to show the springs thereof. Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the actuating device, taken upon line 00 (r of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a sectional view of the same, taken upon line 00 ac of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is an elevation ofthe actuating device removed from the door, as viewed from the rear. Fig. 6 is a view of the inner side of a safe-door, illustrating a novel means for releasing the springs by which the bolts are retracted.

As illustrated in said drawings, A is the safedoor, which is provided with the usual clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3.

vertical bars, A A, in which the bolts B B are supported and constructed to slide.

B is a vertical carrier-bar, which is attached to the bolts B B, and by which the latter are moved.

0 is a shell or case containing the bolt-actuating devices, said ease, as herein shown, being formed by an integral casting, open at its inner side and provided at its top and bottom with flanges c 0, through which are inserted screws for securing the case to the inner surface of the door.

D is a sliding plate or casting located with in the case 0 and provided with a stem, D, which extends through a slot at the end of the case adjacent to the carrying-bar B, and is connected with the latter by means of a head, (I, on the stem, engaged with an L- shaped plate, B which is attached to the outer surface of the said bar B,and isbent inwardly and provided with a notch, 7), adapted to receive the part of the shank adjacent to the head (I, as At the end of the case 0 nearest the carrying-bar B the part of the end wall, 0, of the said case 0 adjacent to the safe-door is absent, and the opening thus formed is occupied by a sliding plate or casting, E, adapted to rest against the adjacent surface of the plate 13.

F F are a series of springs interposed between the end wall, c, of the case 0 adjacent to the bar B and the sliding plate D, said springs being for the purpose of retracting the bolts, and being arranged to operate thereon through the medium of the plate D, the stem D, the plate B and carrying-bar B.

G Gare a second series of springs employed to throw the bolts in locking the door. These springs G G are located between the plate D and the sliding plate E, and operate by their expansion to thrust the plate E toward the plate B and to thereby move the carryingbar B and the bolts B B.

In connection with the springs and connected parts, arranged as above stated, a detent is provided for holding the bolts in their retracted position against the action of the springs G G while the door is being closed, together with means for automatically moving the said detent to allow the said springs G G to act when the door is fully closed, and devices are also provided for moving the plate for compressing the several springs, together with carrying-bar B,to retract the bolts, the sliding.

plate E and springs G G being carried bodily backward with the plates D and B when the latter are moved by the springsF F, in a manner heretofore well known.

The novel devices for compressing and releasing the actuating-springs, together with the particular details of construction present in the device shown, will now be described. 7

D is a horizontal rack-bar cast upon or attached to the plateD, and extending toward the rear end of the case 0, and H is a revolving toothed pinion, mounted to rotate in the said case 0, and arranged to inter-mesh with the rack-bar D". The pinion H is, as herein shown, provided with a bearing, 0 in the front wall, C, of the case 0, and a bearing, 0 for the inner end of the pinion is provided in a plate, 0, which is secured by screws 0 c .to projecting parts or lugs G 0* 0 0 cast in the said case 0. At the outer end of the pinion H, exterior to the wall 0 of the case, is located a metal disk, H, which is rigidly attached to the pinion H, said disk being provided with a central orifice, h, and with an aperture, it, near its periphery, for engagement with studs or projections .upon a lever, whereby the pinion maybe turned for moving the plate D and compressing the springs F F and G G. A compressing-lever suitable for the purpose is indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 1.

For holding the pinion from rotation after the springs have been compressed, the disk H is provided with a spring-strip, H attached at one end to the edge of the disk and adapted to stand normally outside of the periphery of the disk at its opposite and free end, so as to form a shoulder, which is adapted to engage the short arm t of a lever, I, which is pivoted to the case 0 at a point adjacent to the disk, an'd'is constructed to engage at the end of its opposite and longer arm, 2', a movable stop, J, which is connected with and actuated by a time mechanism, (indicated in the drawings as a whole by the letter K.) In the particular construction of the parts herein shown the stop J is formed upon adisk, J, which is pivotally supported upon the wall 0 of the case O by means of aheaded stud, j, said disk being provided with an upwardly-extending ar'm, .J', which is connected by means of a rod or bar, J, with the movable arm of the time mechanism. The arm t of the lever I is preferably made in the form of a pointed tooth or projection upon a hub, I, through which the pivot 1 supporting the lever, passes; and the parts are so arranged that when the time mechanism has been set for operation and the stop J placed in position to prevent the movement of the arm t" upward or in a direction to release the springs, and the disk H'is rotated to compress thesprings, the spring-strip H will be compressed or th rust inwardly toward the disk until its free end has passed the arm 2', when it will spring outwardly and engage said arm, so as to prevent the disk from turning backwardly, and thereby hold the springs F F and G G from expanding. The placing of the lever I in the position described before the springs are compressed is desirable, both for convenience in manipulation and to insure that the time mechanism shall invariably be set in operation before the door is closed.'

L L are stops upon the case 0 for limiting the movements of thelever I, said stopsbeing desirably provided with buffers or cushions Z Z, to rcceivethe impact of the lever.

L is a roller, mounted upon a stud, Z, and adapted to bear upon the spring-stri p H Said roller serves to aid in pressing the springstrip inwardly as the disk is rotated; but its main purpose is to hold the said spring-strip from bending or yielding outwardly in its middle part under the strain thereon incident to the retention of the actuating-springs in their compressed condition.

To prevent excessive shock or strain upon the parts when the springs F F are released for opening the safe, I preferably provide cushions or buffers M M M within the case 0, in position to engage the plate D when the latter reaches the inner or rearward limit of its movement. As herein shown, the said cushions consist of blocks of rubber held in sockets or recesses formed in the case. The block M is-located at the bottom of the case, and is held ina recess formed in the integral projection or lug C in position for engagement with thelower end ofthe plate D. The cushion M is held in a recess in the rear wall of the casein position to engage the end of the rackbar D The cushion M is located in a space or opening formed between the top wall ofthe case 0 and lug or projection 0 adjacent thereto, said cushion being exposed at its opposite the plate D strikes the opposite face of said cushion. .By this'nieans the impetus of the the pivot 1 of the lever I.

essential, as the same general result may be obtained by separate cushions arranged to engage the parts.

As a preferred construction in the plate D, the said plate is provided with a central vertical plate or flange, (1, Figs. 3 and 4, extending between the two groups of springs F F and G G, and the said plate or flange d is provided with lateral flanges d d at both sides, forming eells,in which the ends of the said several springs are located.

The casting E is preferably made with flanges e e at both its inner and outer edges and at its ends, said flanges affording broad exterior bearing-surfaces, which, slide in contact with the face of the door and the adjacent edge of the end wall, 0, as clearly shown in Figs. 3 and 4.

To keep the springs F F and G G straight while being compressed,eylindric rods or bars f f and g g are preferably inserted therein, said rods being preferably made of suitable length to form stops to limit the movement of the plate D in compressing the springs.

In order to prevent the possibility of the springs F F being released by movement of the pinion H sufficient to free the disk H from the lever Zsuch as may be produced by the shock or concussion caused by the explosion of dynamite against the outer surface of the door-I preferably attach to the outer face of the wall 0 of the case 0 a plate, N, which is arranged adjacent to the disk 11, and is provided with a notch, a, in position to engage the end of the springstrip H when the pinion is moved endwise in its bearings. In connection with a plate thus arranged, the pinion H is preferably held in place in its bearings by a relatively weak connection, adapted to break and allow the pinion to moveinwardly in case an attempt is made to shift the working parts by concussion, with a view of causing the re traction of the bolts.

The fastening device for holding the pinion in place, herein illustrated, consists of a plate or washer, H*, which is secured to the end of the pinion by a screw, H", and extends at its edges over and bears against the plate 0. The plate N, as shown, is secured in place by a screw-stud, a, passing through said plate and Said plate N also serves to hold the roller L and cushions ZZ in place.

To prevent the shifting of the devices by which the actuatingsprings are held by the eoncussive action of an explosive upon the time mechanism, the arm 7t of the said mechanism is preferably connected with the rod J by means of a joint consisting of a cylindric enlargement, 75, upon the end of the arm in engaging a socket, j, in the end of the red, the said eylindrie enlargement being arranged with its central axis at right angles to the face of the safe-door, so that thejoint may become disengaged by a shock tending to force the time mechanism inwardlywithout moving the parts in a direction to release the actuatinginward movement in case the time mechanv ism or a partthercof is shifted.

The inner face of the case 0 is preferably provided with hinged cover 0, Figs. 1, 3, and 4, for the purpose of protecting the several parts outside of the ease. Said cover 0 serves also to limit the inward movement of the disk H in case the latter is dislodged and thrown inwardly by concussion, thereby preventing said disk from being carried past and entirely disengaged from the plate N.

The device herein shown and preferably employed by me for holding the bolts retracted against the action of the springs G G consists of the following parts:

-P is a swinging dog oivotally supported upon the vertical frame-bar A of the door, and constructed to engage a stud, P, fixed in the carrying-bar B, the said dog being constructed by its engagement with the stud to hold the bolts free from the safe-jamb. As shown in Fig. 1, the dog P is provided with a shoulder, p, in its lower edge to engage the stud P; but in another form of the device (shown in Fig. 6) the free end of the dog is arranged to engage the said stud.

Q is a horizontal shaft or arbor which extends through the carrying-bar B, and is provided at its outer end with a cam, Q, constructed to act upon the dogP in such a manner as to raise the latter free from the stud P when the shaft is turned. The ,said shaft is connected at its inner end, as clearly shown in Fig. 4, with a clock-work or train of gears actuated by a spring,(indicated as a whole by 1%,) the train being provided with a rotating fan or other escape device-controllin g its speed when its actuating-spring is allowed to un wind. The shaft Q, preferably forms an extension of the mainspring-arbor of the train, this being the arbor which is acted upon by the spring with the greatest force.

Q is a handle attached to the shaft Q for winding the spring, and Q an arm rigidly attached to the shaft and constructed to engage a stationary stop, Q, for the purpose of arresting the motion of the shaft after each rotation of the latter. Said arm Q? is made of spring metal, so that it may be released from the stop Q when it is desired to allow the cam to rotate for the purpose of moving the dog P.

The operation of the several parts, made as hereinbefore described, is as follows: \Vhen the safe is unlocked and the door open, the cam Q will be turned with its prominent part free from the dog P, so that the dog may engage the stud P. The arm Q, at this time rests in contact with the stop Q, thereby holding the shaft and cam from turning, as clearly shown in Fig. 1, which represents the several parts in the position which they occupy after the door has been automatically unlocked, the actuatingsprings being expanded and the re- The actuating leasing devices disengaged.

device is set for again closing the door by first setting the time mechanism and the stop J and lever I, controlled thereby, and then turning the pinion H by power applied to the disk H, so as to compress both sets of springs F E and G G. Any movement of the carrying-bar B under the action of the springs G G against the movable plate E, which rests against the plate 13 attached to the said carrying-bar, is prevented at this time by the engagement of the dog 1? with the stud I on said carryingbar.

When the parts are set in the manner above stated, and it is desired to close and lock the.

by the contact of the arm Q" with the stop Q" until it is again desired to allow the cam to move in the next locking of the door. The

. position of the parts when the door is closed and locked is shown in Figs. 2 and 3. The bolts are retracted automatically for opening the door at a time determined by the time mechanism, which moves the stop J, so as'to release the lever I and allow the rotation of the pinion H and the inward movement of the sliding plate D and the carrying-bar and bolts connected therewith, in a manner heretofore explained and readily understood.

It is sometimes found in automatic boltactuating devices of the general character herein described that the force required to move the stop or detent by which the springs are held in their retracted condition is greater than desirable for the perfect working of the time mechanism. The force required may of course be lessened by increasing the number of levers interposed between the springs and the stop which is directly actuated by the time the actuating-springs of the bolt-work are held.

compressed a spring or spring-motor, which is adapted to actuate the said movable stop, and is held from movement, when wound up or compressed, by a part engaged with the moving part of the time mechanism. In the particular embodiment of this feature of my invention illustrated in Fig. 6 a train of gears actuated by a spring forms the connecting devices made otherwise than as shown.

vice between the time mechanism K and the stop J of the spring actuating apparatus, the said train of gears being indicated as awhole by the letter S.

' S is the main or spring arbor of the train, which arbor is provided with a cam, S", arranged in position to operate upon the arm J by which the stop J is moved. 1

S is an arbor of the train of gears, which is connected with and actuated from the arbor S by suitable intermediate gearings, and S is an arm upon the said arbor S adapted to engage the hooked end k of the movable arm is of the time mechanism K. An arm, 8, is desirably attached to the arbor S in position to engage a stationary stud, s, for the purpose'of stopping the rotation of the said arbor and the" cam after the latter has made one complete rotation, the spring being wound by a single rotation of the arbor, which brings the arm S against the rear side of the stud S.

In setting the device for operation, the.

loo

erate the stop for releasing the bolt-actuating springs; and my invention, as it relates to this feature of the device, is not therefore restricted to a device of the particular kind shown, but includes any. device actuated by a spring, weight, or otherwise, which is applied to operate the said stop, and is controlled by connection with a time mechanism. It will of course be understood that the bolt-actuating devices herein shown may be employed in connectionwith devices for releasing the bolts for locking the door, either when said devices embrace a spring as a means of moving the detent by which the bolts are held retracted or when other well-known or preferred devices are used for the purpose. The employment, for the purpose last above referred to, of a spring-motor arranged tofmove at such speed as to allow time for closing, the door after it is put in motion, as above described, is, however, herein broadly claimed as part of my invention, and said motor may obviously be used in connection with bolt-actuating de- The said motor for actuating'the detent by which the bolts are held retracted may, furthermore, embrace, instead of an actuating-spring, an equivalent weight or other prime mover, and the said detent and motor may be mounted upon the bolt-work or upon the safe-door otherwise than in the particular manner herein illustrated. V

The means for compressing the springs,

IIO

herein shown and comprising, mainly, a rackbar and pinion, has the important advantage over the toggle joints and levers heretofore employed for the purpose,of embracing fewer moving parts, whereby the device is made more simple in construction, and the parts thereof are rendered less liable to become worn and injured by the shock and strain produced by the sudden expansion of tle springs; and a device embracing the features of construction above mentioned, therefore, is also herein broadly claimed as part of myinvention in actuating devices embracing levers and toggles for compressing the springs as heretofore made. Furthermorapower applied to the toggle for compressing the springs must obviously be much greater at the beginning of the movement of the togglepvhen its arms are flexed, than when the arms are approaching a position in alignment with each other,so that a considerable exertion is required in the beginning of the act of compressing the springs, and much less when the springs are nearly compressed.

An apparatus made as proposed by me,and embracing a rack and pinion as a means of applying power to the springs for the purpose of compressing the same, has the in'lportant advantage that the pinion acts upon the rack at all times with the same power, and the force necessary to suitably compress the springs is thus the same at all points in the movement of the parts. It follows that the exertion of much less force at any one time is required in winding or compressing the springs of my device than is required for compressing the springs in a device embracing toggles at the beginning ofthe movement of the said toggles.

The disk H, shown as attached to the pinion H, may obviously be replaced by an arm or arms carrying the spring-strip H and the pin H when the latteris used. The main purpose ofthesaid springstrip HE is obviously to afford a yielding shoulder or tooth adapted to engage the lever I, and said strip may therefore be replaced by ayielding part or tooth, sustained or mounted in the disk or arm in any manner found convenient or desirable, with the same general result as is obtained by the device constructed in the particular manner shown.

With regard to the springmotor herein shown as applied to move the dog P, which operates as a detentto hold the bolts retracted while the door is being closed, it is obviously not essential that the rotation of the arbor to which the cam is attached should be limited to a single rotation, it being entirely obvious that the spring by which the cam is actuated may be wound up and then allowed to unwind or expand each time the door is closed, the rotation of the cam after the dog has been lifted obviously having no effect thereon.

I claim as my invention- 1. The combinatiomwith the bolts of asafedoor, of actuating devices for said bolts, comprising actuating-springs, a movable rack-bar acting on the springs, and a pinion mounted on the door and inter-meshing with said rackbar, said pinion being constructed for the attachment of a hand-lever, whereby the pinion may be turned for compressing the springs, substantially as described.

2. The combination,with the bolts of a safedoor,of an actuating device for the said bolts, comprising a movable casting or plate, as D, connected with the bolts,springs located between said movable casting or plate and a stationary surface of or upon the door, a second set of springs interposed between the said movable plate and .a part attached to the bolts, a rackbar attached to said movable plate, and a pinion intermeshing with the said rack-bar, said pinion being constructed for the attachment of a hand-lever, whereby the pinion may be turned for compressing the springs, substantially as described.

3. The combination, with the bolts of a safedoor and springs for actuating said bolts, of means for holding the springs eompressed,comprising a rotating disk or arm, H, provided with a yielding tooth or shoulder, and a movable part constructed to engage said tooth or shoulder, substantially as described.

4. The combination,with the bolts of asafedoor and springs for actuating said bolts, of means for holding the springs compressed, comprising a rotating disk or arm ,H ,a springstrip, H attached to said disk or arm and forming a yielding tooth or shoulder thereon, and a movable part or lever constructed to en gage the free end of said strip, substantially as described.

5. The combination,with the'bolts of a safedoor and springs for actuating said bolts, of means for holding the springs compressed, comprising a rotating disk or arm, H, a springstrip, H attached to said disk or arm, a movable part or lever constructed to engage the said arm, and a stationary stud or roller con structed to bear against the outer surface of said strip, substantially as described.

6. The combination, with the bolts of a safe and actuatingsprings for said bolts, of means for compressing the spring,comprising a rack bar and a pinion intermeshing therewith, a shoulder or projection rigidly connected with the pinion, and a stationary part located in position to engage the said shoulder or projection when the pinion is thrust endwise in its bearings,whereby the pinion will be held from rotation except when in its normal position, substantially as described.

7. The combination, with the bolts of a safe and actuating-springs for said bolts, of means for compressing the bolts, comprising a rotating arm or disk, H, provided with a yielding tooth or shoulder, means connecting said arm or disk with the springs, a lever engaging said tooth or shoulder, and a stationary plate, N, provided with a notch, or, to engage the said tooth or shoulder when the arm or disk is shifted from its place, substantially as described.

8. The combination, with the bolts of a safe door and actuating-springs for said bolts, a movable plate or casting, as D, engaged with the springs and connected with the bolts, a racli-bar attached to the said plate or casting, a p1n1on intermeshing with said rack-bar, and an arm or stud attached to and turning with the pinion, of a cushion or cushions located in position to engage the said plate or casting D and the said arm or" stud, substantially as described.

9. The combination, with the bolts of a safedoor and springs for actuating the-bolts, of means for holding the bolts in their retracted position while the door isbeing closed, comprising a detent, and a spring-motor for moving the same, substantially as described.

10. The combination, with the bolts of a safe-door and springs for actuating the bolts, of means for holding the bolts in their retracted position while the door is being closed, comprising a detent, a rotating cam applied to move the detent, and a spring-motor for actuating the cam, substantially as described.

safe-door and actuating-springs for the bolts, of means for holding the springs compressed, comprising a' movable stop, a time mechanism, and a spring controlled by the time mechanism for actuating said movable stop, substantially as described.

13. The combination, with the bolts of a safe-door and actuating-springs for said bolts,

of means for holding the springs'compr'essed, 7

comprising a movable stop, a time mechanism, a cam applied to move the said stop, a spring for actuating the cam, and means for holding the cam from rotation, controlled by the time mechanism, substantially as described.

14. The combination, with the stop J of a bolt-actuating mechanism, of a rotating cam In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I aftix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

JAMES o. HARRIS.

Witnesses:

O. CLARENCE PooLE, AUGUSTUS S. BURTON.

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060184128A1 (en) * 1997-11-14 2006-08-17 Bierman Steven F Medical line securement device
US20060247577A1 (en) * 2005-04-19 2006-11-02 Wright Clifford A Flexible IV site protector
US20110213310A1 (en) * 1997-05-29 2011-09-01 Venetec International, Inc. Medical line anchoring system
US8177756B2 (en) 2005-09-19 2012-05-15 Venetec International, Inc. Medical tubing securement assembly and methods of use

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110213310A1 (en) * 1997-05-29 2011-09-01 Venetec International, Inc. Medical line anchoring system
US20060184128A1 (en) * 1997-11-14 2006-08-17 Bierman Steven F Medical line securement device
US20060247577A1 (en) * 2005-04-19 2006-11-02 Wright Clifford A Flexible IV site protector
US8177756B2 (en) 2005-09-19 2012-05-15 Venetec International, Inc. Medical tubing securement assembly and methods of use

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