US3648690A - Hydrotherapy tank liner and method of giving hydrotherapy treatments - Google Patents

Hydrotherapy tank liner and method of giving hydrotherapy treatments Download PDF

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Publication number
US3648690A
US3648690A US3648690DA US3648690A US 3648690 A US3648690 A US 3648690A US 3648690D A US3648690D A US 3648690DA US 3648690 A US3648690 A US 3648690A
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Prior art keywords
liquid
tank
hydrotherapy
gas
liner
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Expired - Lifetime
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Robert C Miller
Carl K Miller
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Borg-Warner Corp
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Borg-Warner Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H33/00Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes
    • A61H33/02Bathing devices for use with gas-containing liquid, or liquid in which gas is led or generated, e.g. carbon dioxide baths
    • A61H33/025Aerating mats or frames, e.g. to be put in a bath-tub
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S4/00Baths, closets, sinks, and spittoons
    • Y10S4/18Bathroom fixture liners

Abstract

A hydrotherapy tank liner of a plastic film is provided with longitudinal conduits for connection with a source of pressurized and/or pulsating gas. When used, the liner is placed in a hydrotherapy tank and filled with the treating liquid. Holes are punched or opened in the conduits for passage of the gas therethrough to agitate the liquid closely adjacent thereto. The location of the holes is selected according to the needs of the patient.

Description

TJTT

iliTer et a1.

ies Tatet [54] ll-TTDROTHERAPY TANK LINER AND METHOD UT GTVING HYDRfiTll-TEAPY TREATMENTS [72] Inventors: Robert C. Miller, Elgin; Carl K. Miller,

Libertyville, both of 111.

[73] Assignee: Borg-Warner Corporation, Chicago, 111.

[22] Filed: Feb. 18, 1970 [21] Appl. No.: 12,216

[52] US. Cl ..128/66, 4/180 [51] int. Cl. .AtSlh 9/00 [58] lField ofSearch ..128/66, 38;4/18O [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,031,685 5/1962 Baumann ..4/180 1 Mar. M, 1972 Popp ..4/ l 80 Von Orth ..4/180 X Primary Examiner-L. W. Trapp Att0mey--Donald W. Banner, William S. McCurry and John W. Butcher ABSTRACT A hydrotherapy tank liner of a pliustic film is provided with longitudinal conduits for connection with a source of pressurized and/or pulsating gas. When used. the liner is placed in a hydrotherapy tank and filled with the treating liquid. Holes are punched or opened in the conduits for passage of the gas therethrough to agitate the liquid closely adjacent thereto. The location of the holes is selected according to the needs of the patient.

4 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures Patented March 14, 1972 INVENTORS ROBE/@763 M/Zlf? 044% K M/ZAEA 5Y6 (44% ATTORNEY HYDROTHERAPY TANK LINER AND METHOD OF GIVING HYDROTHERAPY TREATMENTS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Generally, hydrotherapy treatments are given to patients by agitating hydrotherapy liquid in which the patient is at least partially immersed. The liquid may be warm water and can be agitated by passing a gas, such as air, therethrough. In the past, a pad or the like having one or more conduits with a series of holes along the length thereof and generally evenly spaced there along is immersed in the hydrotherapy tank prior to putting the patient therein. The conduit or conduits are connected to an air source whereby the hydrotherapy liquid is agitated by passing air through the holes.

According to the invention herein to be described a disposable plastic film with conduits adhered thereto or formed integrally therewith is placed in a hydrotherapy tank so as to form a liner for the tank. The conduits are connected to a source of pressurized and perhaps pulsating gas and the tank is filled with the hydrotherapy liquid, as for example warm water. The hydrotherapist'places the patient in the tank and then selects where and only where agitation of the liquid is desirable, such selection being based upon the needs of the patient. The hydrotherapist then selectively punches or opens holes in the conduits, so that the air can pass therethrough and agitate the hydrotherapy liquid adjacent to the hole or holes. After the hydrotherapy treatment an opening is made in the liner at the location of the tank drain, so that the liquid can flow through the drain and be disposed of. The plastic film liner is then removed from the hydrotherapy tank and is disposed of. This insures a sanitary hydrotherapy bath for each patient and eliminates the necessity of sterilizing the hydrotherapy tank for each patient.

THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a hydrotherapy tank with a liner made according to this invention therein, illustrating the conduits connected to a source of pressurized gas;

FIG. 2 is a sectional taken on line 2-2 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary view of another embodiment of the invention.

THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The drawings illustrate a hydrotherapy tank having a drain 12 for the passage of waste liquid therethrough. A liner 14 constructed of a plastic film and having longitudinal conduits l6 and 18, each closed at one terminal end and 22 respectively covers the interior of the tank 10. The conduits l6 and 18 are joined at the other end, in a connection 24 which is connected to a source of pressurized and perhaps pulsating gas, such as a pump 26.

In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 3, the longitudinal conduits 28 and 30 of the liner 32 are provided with a plurality of openings 34 spaced along their lengths which are covered by a pressure sensitive cover 36. To use, selected portions of the tape cover 36 are removed to expose the desired openings 34.

OPERATION The liner 14 is placed over the tank 10 and the conduits are joined to the pump 26. The liner is filled with hydrotherapy liquid and a patient is placed therein. The hydrotherapist selects the zone or zones in which agitation of the liquid is desired depending upon the requirements and needs of the patient. Holes are punched or opened at the selected locations by any suitable punching means, such as a common paper punch, or probe or a pressure sensitive cover is removed from selected pre-formed openings. The pressurized and perhaps pulsating gas flows through the holes and agitates the liquid adjacent thereto. After the treatment, the pump is inactivated, the patient removed from the tank and an opening is formed in the liner adjacent the drain, so that the liquid may be disposed of. The liner is removed and is disposed of.

There are at least three requirements on the plastic used for the tank liner:

A. Safety. No potentially harmful compounds may be leached or otherwise removed from the plastic under con ditions of use. This places certain limits on plasticizers and pigments. It need only be remembered that nerve endings are essentially exposed in burn cases, for exam ple, and free acid radicals could hurt. Moreover, the plastic surface should be no more slippery than the present stainless steel now used for hydrotherapy tanks, in order to avoid slips and fails when patients are entering and leaving the tank.

. Physical strength. Sufficient strength to resist tearing and accidental puncturing are necessary. The liner must also be flexible to conform to the tank shape.

. Cost. Since the liner is disposable, cost is evidently an important factor. Plastic films of polyethylene of about 0.00l inch to 0.008 inch and above in thickness have proved to be successful and can be used. As long as puncture and tear resistance remain high, thin films are preferred from the standpoint of flexibility and cost. Low density, no-slip polyethylene without added pigment in a thickness of 0.002 inch has proved successful and has been found to be less slippery than stainless steel when wet.

In addition to polyethylene films, polyvinyl chloride films can be used. In all cases, the requirements set out above must be considered.

What is claimed is:

1. A method of giving hydrotherapy treatments to localized areas only of a patients body, as determined by the particular requirements and needs of that patient, by agitating a liquid in a hydrotherapy tank in which the patient is at least partially immersed comprising:

providing a hydrotherapy tank with a liquid therein;

disposing a conduit in the tank for the passage of a gas therethrough;

supplying gas to said conduit;

selecting the zone or zones in which agitation of the liquid is desired in order to treat only those localized areas of the patients body requiring treatment; and

making openings in said conduit adjacent said zone or zones, so that gas flows through the openings and agitates the liquid adjacent thereto.

2. A hydrotherapy tank liner for containing a liquid bath comprising:

a plastic film covering the liquid containing area of the tank;

tubular portions associated with the liner;

said tubular portions being closed at one terminal end and open at the other end for connection to a source of gas; and

said tubular portions being selectively provided with openings therethrough for passage of said gas to agitate liquid of said bath closely adjacent thereto.

3. A method of preparing a hydrotherapy bath having selected zones of agitation comprising:

placing a disposable liner in a hydrotherapy tank;

said liner covering the interior of said tank and having conduits for the passage of a gas;

flowing liquid into said tank and liner and over said conduits;

connecting said conduits to a source of said gas;

punching holes in said conduits at selected locations where agitation of the liquid is desired; and

flowing said gas through said holes to agitate the liquid adjacent thereto.

4. A method of preparing a hydrotherapy bath having selected zones of agitation comprising:

placing a disposable liner in a hydrotherapy tank;

said liner covering the interior of said tank and having conduits for the passage of a gas;

said conduits having openings therethrough covered by a removable cover;

flowing liquid into said tank and liner and over said conduits;

connecting said conduits to a source of said gas; removing said cover over said openings at selected locations where agitation of the liquid is desired; and flowing said gas through said openings having the cover removed to agitate the liquid adjacent thereto. 5

Claims (4)

1. A method of giving hydrotherapy treatments to localized areas only of a patient''s body, as determined by the particular requirements and needs of that patient, by agitating a liquid in a hydrotherapy tank in which the patient is at least partially immersed comprising: providing a hydrotherapy tank with a liquid therein; disposing a conduit in the tank for the passage of a gas therethrough; supplying gas to said conduit; selecting the zone or zones in which agitation of the liquid is desired in order to treat only those localized areas of the patient''s body requiring treatment; and making openings in said conduit adjacent said zone or zones, so that gas flows through the openings and agitates the liquid adjacent thereto.
2. A hydrotherapy tank liner for containing a liquid bath comprising: a plastic film covering the liquid containing area of the tank; tubular portions associated with the liner; said tubular portions being closed at one terminal end and open at the other end for connection to a source of gas; and said tubular portions being selectively provided with openings therethrough for passage of said gas to agitate liquid of said bath closely adjacent thereto.
3. A method of preparing a hydrotherapy bath having selected zones of agitation comprising: placing a disposable liner in a hydrotherapy tank; said liner covering the interior of said tank and having conduits for the passage of a gas; flowing liquid into said tank and liner and over said conduits; connecting said conduits to a source of said gas; punching holes in said conduits at selected locations where agitation of the liquid is desired; And flowing said gas through said holes to agitate the liquid adjacent thereto.
4. A method of preparing a hydrotherapy bath having selected zones of agitation comprising: placing a disposable liner in a hydrotherapy tank; said liner covering the interior of said tank and having conduits for the passage of a gas; said conduits having openings therethrough covered by a removable cover; flowing liquid into said tank and liner and over said conduits; connecting said conduits to a source of said gas; removing said cover over said openings at selected locations where agitation of the liquid is desired; and flowing said gas through said openings having the cover removed to agitate the liquid adjacent thereto.
US3648690A 1970-02-18 1970-02-18 Hydrotherapy tank liner and method of giving hydrotherapy treatments Expired - Lifetime US3648690A (en)

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US1221670 true 1970-02-18 1970-02-18

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US3648690A true US3648690A (en) 1972-03-14

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US (1) US3648690A (en)
JP (1) JPS5249273Y2 (en)
CA (1) CA953051A (en)
DE (1) DE2107235C3 (en)
FR (1) FR2078772A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1342118A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4207877A (en) * 1978-04-17 1980-06-17 Marquardt Arthur F Bathtub aerator
DE3926867A1 (en) * 1989-08-16 1991-02-21 Gernot E Engelhardt Water reservoir for hydrotherapy - has a base and separate acrylic] walls with a plastic film seal
US5551101A (en) * 1993-01-27 1996-09-03 Leach; Sheryl S. Bath mat for use in bathing others
US20080310768A1 (en) * 2007-05-04 2008-12-18 Millipore Corporation Disposable processing bag with alignment feature
US20090094739A1 (en) * 2006-05-10 2009-04-16 Footsiebath, Llc Soaking basin having disposable liner and support frame
US20150297446A1 (en) * 2014-02-14 2015-10-22 Footsiebath, Llc Soaking basin having magnetic jet

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB8818760D0 (en) * 1988-08-08 1988-09-07 Hahn A B Portable spa bath
DE3922213C1 (en) * 1989-07-06 1991-02-28 Mag Dr. Frenkel Gmbh Med. Apparate Und Geraete, 7483 Inzigkofen, De Air bubble generator for bubble bath - has nozzle fitted, porous hoses fed from air distributor

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US743025A (en) * 1901-12-09 1903-11-03 Ludwig Von Orth Means for introducing gases into bath fluids.
US1777982A (en) * 1928-02-20 1930-10-07 Popp Karl Hot-air mat
US3031685A (en) * 1958-12-16 1962-05-01 Interpatent A G Bathtub bubbling device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US743025A (en) * 1901-12-09 1903-11-03 Ludwig Von Orth Means for introducing gases into bath fluids.
US1777982A (en) * 1928-02-20 1930-10-07 Popp Karl Hot-air mat
US3031685A (en) * 1958-12-16 1962-05-01 Interpatent A G Bathtub bubbling device

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4207877A (en) * 1978-04-17 1980-06-17 Marquardt Arthur F Bathtub aerator
DE3926867A1 (en) * 1989-08-16 1991-02-21 Gernot E Engelhardt Water reservoir for hydrotherapy - has a base and separate acrylic] walls with a plastic film seal
US5551101A (en) * 1993-01-27 1996-09-03 Leach; Sheryl S. Bath mat for use in bathing others
US20090094739A1 (en) * 2006-05-10 2009-04-16 Footsiebath, Llc Soaking basin having disposable liner and support frame
US8387175B2 (en) * 2006-05-10 2013-03-05 Footsiebath Llc Soaking basin having disposable liner and support frame
US20080310768A1 (en) * 2007-05-04 2008-12-18 Millipore Corporation Disposable processing bag with alignment feature
US9090398B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2015-07-28 Emd Millipore Corporation Disposable processing bag with alignment feature
US9187240B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2015-11-17 Emd Millipore Corporation Disposable processing bag with alignment feature
US9272840B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2016-03-01 Emd Millipore Corporation Disposable processing bag with alignment feature
US9999568B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2018-06-19 Emd Millipore Corporation Disposable processing bag with alignment feature
US20150297446A1 (en) * 2014-02-14 2015-10-22 Footsiebath, Llc Soaking basin having magnetic jet
US9700483B2 (en) * 2014-02-14 2017-07-11 Footsiebath, Llc Soaking basin having magnetic jet

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB1342118A (en) 1973-12-25 application
DE2107235A1 (en) 1971-09-16 application
DE2107235B2 (en) 1973-08-02 application
JPS4633U (en) 1971-09-13 application
DE2107235C3 (en) 1974-02-28 grant
JPS5249273Y2 (en) 1977-11-09 grant
CA953051A (en) 1974-08-20 grant
CA953051A1 (en) grant
FR2078772A5 (en) 1971-11-05 application

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