US364457A - Vehicle-spring attachment - Google Patents

Vehicle-spring attachment Download PDF


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US364457A US364457DA US364457A US 364457 A US364457 A US 364457A US 364457D A US364457D A US 364457DA US 364457 A US364457 A US 364457A
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    • B60G11/00Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs
    • B60G11/02Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs having leaf springs only
    • B60G11/10Resilient suspensions characterised by arrangement, location or kind of springs having leaf springs only characterised by means specially adapted for attaching the spring to axle or sprung part of the vehicle
    • B60G11/12Links, pins, or bushes


(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
VEHICLE SPRING ATTACHMENT. No. 364,457. Patented Jung 7, 1887.
N PETERS. PhotoLNpm-iphar. Wnhinhm D.C.
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
VEHICLE SPRING ATTAGHMENT. No. 364,457. Patented June 7, 1887.
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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 364,457, dated June 7, 1887.
Application filed March 7, 1887. Serial No. 229,963. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, STEPHEN M. WIER, of New Haven, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a new and Improved Vehicle Spring Attachment, of which the following is a specification,referenee being had to the annexed drawings, forming a part thereof, in which- Figure 1 is a front elevation, partly in section, of a vehiclespring attachment constructed according to my improvement. Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical transverse section taken on line a" a: in Fig. 1, with parts broken away to more clearly show the construction. Fig. 3 is a front sectional elevation of a modified form of my improved attachment; and Fig. 4 is an enlarged vertical transverse section taken on line 3 y in Fig. 3, with parts broken away to show the internal construction.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
The object of my invention is to provide an efficient device for attaching vehicle-springs to the axles which will permit of the use of a very long spring and will cause the pressure of the load of the wagon to be exerted on the axles near the Wheelbearings, thus removing the strain from the center of the axles.
My invention consists in yokes resting upon or suspended from the axles near the wheelbearings, and provided with stirrups for receiving the ends of the springs, the stirrups being capable of swinging, to permit of the elongation of the spring due to its compression, all as hereinafter more fully described.
In carrying out my invention I provide a bar carrying a yoke and adapted to rest upon or to be suspended from the axle, and in the said yoke I suspend a stirrup for-receiving the end of the vehicle-spring.
In one form of myinvention I provideabar, A, which is fitted to the axle B and is provided with a yoke, C, projecting upward from the bar and arranged at right angles with the axle B. The yoke O is situated near one end of the bar A, and the said bar is secured to the axle B by clips a, placed on opposite sides of the yoke C, and also by a bolt, b, extending through the innerend of the bar A and through the axle B.
In the yoke C (which, in the present case, is
substantially rectangular) is suspended a rectangular stirrup, D, upon a bolt, 0, passing transversely through the yoke and through the tubular upper bar, (I, of the stirrup. Upon the lower bar, 0, of the stirrup D is received the curved end f of the spring E. In this case the yoke G is placed as near the bearing of the vehicle-wheel as possible and rests directly upon the axle, and is held in its place by the clips and bolt, as before described.
In the form shown in Figs. 3 and 4. the construction is substantially the same; but the yoke, instead of resting upon the axle, is suspended therefrom by the elips, and, furthermore, the stirrup is provided at its lower end with a removable bolt. The yoke O of this form is approximately of trapezoidal form and is attached to or formed upon the bar A, which is suspended from the under surface of the axle B by the clips to. The stirrup D is suspended upon the bolt 0, as in the other case, and the lower ends of the arms h of the stirrup are apertured to receive the bolt 6, which supports the spring end f. The trapezoidal form of the yoke 0 provides spaces ifor the passage through the yoke of the stirrup D and bolt 6.
By means of my improvement all woodwork on the running-gear is avoided, and the gear is made considerably lighter.
The attachment of the spring to the axle at a point near the wheel allows of making the middle portion of the axlewery light without impairing its strength. It also permits of the use of a long spring, thus rendering the vehicle very easy-riding.
The use of wooden pieces, bolts, clips, king bolts, and fifth-wheels is avoided by my invention, and the expense of manufacture is redueed.
Having thus fully described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent.-
1. In an attachment for vehicle-springs, the combination, with the stirrup having a tubular crossbar and carrying aspring-eonnecting bolt, of the yoke within which is suspended the said stirrup and which yoke has an integrally-formed bottom piece or plate, said plate having extensions to aid in the connection of the yoke to the axle, and adapted to be applied to either the upper or lower side of the axle,
substantially as and for the purpose set forth 2. In an attachment for vehicle-springs, the
combination, with the axle and the fastening- 5 clips embracing the same, of the yokeprovided with the integrally-formed base-plate interposed between the coupling-plate of the free ends of the said clip and axle, the stirrup provided with the tubular bar, the bolt 0, passing 10 through the yoke and through the tubular bar of the stirrup, and the bolt a, passing through the arms of the stirrup, said base-plate being" adapted to be applied either to the upper or lower side of the axle, substantially as and for the purpose set forth STEPHEN M. WIER.
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