US3639917A - Heat recoverable article - Google Patents

Heat recoverable article Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3639917A
US3639917A US3639917DA US3639917A US 3639917 A US3639917 A US 3639917A US 3639917D A US3639917D A US 3639917DA US 3639917 A US3639917 A US 3639917A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
material
heat
elastomeric
block
fabric
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Victor E Althouse
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Procter and Gamble Co
Original Assignee
Raychem Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date
Family has litigation

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D13/00Professional, industrial, or sporting protective garments, e.g. garments affording protection against blows or punches, surgeon's gowns
    • A41D13/12Surgeons' or patients' gowns or dresses
    • A41D13/1209Surgeons' gowns or dresses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D27/00Details of garments or of their making
    • A41D27/24Hems; Seams
    • A41D27/245Hems; Seams made by welding or gluing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C61/00Shaping by liberation of internal stresses; Making preforms having internal stresses; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C61/02Thermal shrinking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/48Wearing apparel

Abstract

Heat recoverable elastomeric materials are used to form gathers in fabrics, especially disposable garments of nonwoven fabrics.

Description

nlted States Patent [151 3,639,917

Althouse [45] Feb. 3, 1 972 [54] HEAT RECOVERABLE ARTICLE 3,353,189 11/1967 Zimmon ..2/270 X 1,102,408 7/1914 Hubner ....2/DlG. 7 [72] Inventor. Victor E. Althouse, Los Altos, Calif. 1,408,373 2/1922 Lustganen "2/228 Ux [73] Assignee: Raychem Corporation, Menlo Park, Calif. 2,027,962 1/1936 Currie 3,086,242 4/1963 Cook et a1. ..264/95 [22] Filed: Apr. 7, 1970 Primary Examinr-Alfred R. Guest [2]] App! 26347 Attorney-Lyon & Lyon [52] US. Cl. ..2/270, 2/DIG. 7 57 BSTRACT [51] Int. Cl. ..A4ld 27/11 v [58] Field Of Search ..2/DIG. 7, 270, 125, 128, 228 Heat recoverable elastomeric materials are used to f gathers in fabrics, especially disposable garments of nonwoven [56] References Cited fabrics.

UNITED STATES PATENTS 8 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures 1,544,312 6/1925 G 'ay "12/228 ux PATENTEU FEB 81972 3,6390% INVENTOR V/CTOR E. ALTHOUSE A r (JP/YE Y5 HEAT RECOVERABLE ARTICLE FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to fabrics, and more especially to garments and other articles portions of which are gathered.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In recent years, increased costs of laundering, and the deliberately introduced changes in fashions, especially women s fashions, have combined to cause or accelerate the introduction of garments and other articles of fabrics which are designed to be worn or used only once or a relatively small number of times and then discarded. Such articles are generally referred to as disposable garments although it will be appreciated that some of the articles, such as sheets, are not worn. Among the many examples of such articles there may be mentioned party dresses and hospital and clean room garments.

The known reluctance of a lady to arrive at a dance or party in a dress identical to that worn by another or, indeed, identical to the dress she herself wore to any previous such occasion has led to the manufacture of garments of relatively cheap materials. Exemplary of such materials are paper, plastic, or nonwoven fabrics which can be dyed or printed in a variety of ways. Such garments can be worn on only one occasion and then be economically discarded.

Hospitals are using an increasing number of disposable articles of all types since it is often found to be cheaper or more convenient to purchase new items then clean and where necessary sterilize them before reuse. This applies to garments" of all types, whether for use by patients or staff, including fitted sheets and other shaped fabric articles.

Since an important feature of disposable garments is economic price, production costs must needs be reduced to a minimum. Thus, such materials as nonwoven fabrics and paper are used as bases for the garments, and the materials are cut and joined, such as by sewing or glueing, in the simplest manner possible. Where, however, it is necessary that a part of the garment should fit relatively tightly but resiliently over the user, such as at a wrist or waist band, it is necessary to incorporate elastic or similar material into the garment. This has been found to add considerably to the cost of such garments since the elastic has to be sewn, often by hand, into the material by a time'consuming process. Further, when such elastic is sewn into the garment, it tends to produce tear-sensitive holes, especially in plastics or nonwoven fabrics. In those cases where sewing can be tolerated, it is necessary that the elastic material be held in tension during sewing so that after sewing elastic recovery will cause the fabric to gather. That necessity naturally complicates the sewing step.

It has also been found that hospital patients become depressed if they have to wear ill-fitting, shapeless garments, so that gathers which improve the fit would be desirable if they could be economically incorporated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, there is provided an economic process for gathering a fabric which comprises attaching a heat recoverable material which is elastomeric in its heat stable form to a portion of the fabric and heating the material to cause it to recover and gather the fabric. There is also provided by this invention a gathered fabric comprising a heat recovered elastomeric material. One object of the present invention is to provide a new and economic means and method of gathering fabrics.

A further object of the invention is to provide disposable garments having elastic portions capable of accommodating a variety of sizes.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the detailed description of the invention and the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a side view, partly in section, of a garment sleeve having an attached band of heat shrinkable elastomeric material.

FIG. 2 is a view of the sleeve shown in FIG. 1 after recovery of the material.

FIG. 3 is a pictorial view of a hospital gown whose cuffs have been gathered according to the invention.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a hospital gown whose sleeves have not been gathered by the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION As used in the present specification an elastomeric material is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least about twice its length and which after removal of the stretching load will immediately return to approximately its original length.

It is not necessary that the material be elastomeric when in its heat shrinkable form, i.e., prior to heat recovery, although in practice it may be. To give a gather that has give" it is only required that the material be elastomeric after recovery.

The material may be rendered heat recoverable by any of the methods known for imparting this property. In general, the material may be formed into an article having an original configuration, then deformed at an elevated temperature, and subsequently cooled while maintaining the deforming force. Such an article will retain its new configuration until it is again heated to an elevated temperature. Upon heating to the temperature of recovery, the material recovers to its previously held, heat stable configuration. Methods of achieving these results are disclosed, for example, in US. Pat. No. 2,027,962 to L. M. Currie and in US. Pat. No. 3,086,242 to P. M. Cook et al., the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference.

The heat recoverable material can be applied to the fabric by any conventional means, for example by using contact cements, pressure-sensitive adhesives, and heat sealing provided of course that the temperature required for heat sealing is lower than that of the recovery, or provided that recovery is prevented during the application. It is however within the scope of the invention to apply and recover in one step so long as the adhesion between the fabric and the material is sufficiently strong immediately after application to enable the material to carry the fabric with it during recovery. Where sewing can be employed, the recoverable material can be sewn to the fabric without need for the simultaneous application of tension necessary with conventional elastic elements used in garment manufacture. Of course, the particular preferred method will depend both on the material and the nature of the fabric to which it is being applied.

The shape of the heat recoverable material varies with the particular application. For example, if a sleeve of a garment is to have an elastic wristband, then a piece of recoverable material may be applied to the inside or the outside of the sleeve. The piece may be a strip or an endless band. If, for example, a garment is simply to be shaped by gathering a small portion of the fabric, a shrinkable strip may be applied to an appropriate portion of the garment. A band may be made by expanding tubing, for example, as described in the abovementioned US. Patents, and cutting off suitably sized lengths of the expanded tubing. A strip may be formed from, for example, tubing or sheet. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that a variety of effects may be achieved using recoverable material of different shapes. Further, the degree of recovery may be made to differ from one part of the material to another, so that different extents of gathering may be achieved when the material is recovered.

The material may be covered, either by the fabric itself or by other covering materials, to enhance the appearance of the garment. For example, the band to tighten a wristband may be applied to the inside of the sleeve a short distance from the end of the sleeve, and part of the end region turned in to form a hem containing the recoverable band.

The material may be caused to recover by many of the commonly used methods for recovery of such materials, such as by use ofa hot-air gun, an iron, or an oven.

In general, materials suitable for use in the invention are those containing elastomeric regions and nonelastomeric regions. It is believed that, below a transition temperature of the nonelastomeric regions, the elastomeric regions can be held in a deformed state (such as that achieved by imparting heat recoverability to the material) by the nonelastomeric regions while still allowing the gross material to display elastomeric properties. Above the transition temperature, e.g., a glass transition or crystalline melting point, the nonelastomeric regions have insufficient strength to maintain the deformation.

As elastomeric materials suitable for use in this invention, there can be mentioned by way of example those described in US Pat. No. 3,265,765 to Holden et al., the disclosure of which is incorporated by reference herein. Briefly, these materials are elastomeric block copolymers of the formula A-BA wherein each A is an independently selected nonelastomeric polymer block and B is an elastomeric polymer block. Preferably each terminal A block is formed from the same monomer or monomers. Advantageously, each end block A has an average molecular weight of 2,000 to 100,000 (preferably 5,00050,000) and has a glass transition above about 25 C. (preferably above 50 C. while the center block B has an average molecular weight of 25,000 to 1,000,000 (preferably 50,000 to 500,000) and a glass transition temperature below 10 C. (preferably below C. and more preferably below 25 C.). Advantageously the difference in glass transition temperatures of the end and center blocks is at least 40 C., and preferably above 100 C. The end blocks together advantageously constitute to 50 percent (preferably to 40 percent) by weight of the polymer.

Preferred for block B are polymers of aliphatic conjugated dienes, e.g., isoprene, methyl isoprene, butadiene homopolymers and styrene/butadiene and butadiene/acrylonitrile copolymers.

Preferred for blocks A are polymers of styrene'type monomers, e.g., styrene itself, methyl styrene and chlorostyrene.

A preferred copolymer is one in which B represents an elastomeric polyisoprene block while each A represents a polystyrene block.

Also suitable are materials disclosed in US. Pat. application No. 65,953, filed Oct. 31, 1960, by P. M. Cook (British Patent Specification No. 1,010,064), crystalline neoprene rubbers like those manufactured by E. l. du Pont de Nemours and Co., Inc., under the designation Neoprene HC, and high-ethylene content crystalline ethylene-propylene copolymer elastomers, e.g., Vistalon 3708, available from Enjay Corporation.

For use in the present invention, the polymers are preferably cross-linked by conventional techniques, e.g., by ir radiation or by chemical cross-linking agents, prior to impartation of heat recoverability.

Of course, the polymers can contain any of the usual additives, e.g., fillers, antioxidants, flame retardants, pigments, so long as such additives do not unduly interfere with the elastomeric properties of the material.

With reference now to the drawings, FIGS. 3 and 4 depict hospital gowns generally indicated at l. The gowns are preferably of the disposable variety and manufactured from nonwoven fabric. For reasons of economy, the sleeves 2 of the gowns are not shaped in any way and hence do not taper toward the wrists. Instead, such gowns have large diameter cuffs, as shown at 3. Those cuffs constitute a danger, as they may drag surgical instrument trays, tables, and other surfaces. Referring now to FIG. 1, there is shown a sleeve 2 ofa gown of the type illustrated in FIG. 4 to the inside of the cuff 3 of which has been attached a band 4 of heat shrinkable elastomeric material. FIG. 2 shows the same sleeve after recovery of the band 4 by heating, while FIG. 3 shows at 5 the effect on the gown 1. In similar fashion, the head band of the cap, waist, and cuffs (particularly for clean room use) of such garments can be gathered by the application of this invention.

The invention is further illustrated by the following examples ofcurrently preferred embodiments.

EXAMPLE 1 A styrene/butadiene block copolymer sample (Kraton 3125, available from the Shell Oil Co.) is formed into a slab. The slab was 3 inches X 5 inches 0.020 inches. It was then irradiated in a 1 MeV beam to a dose of 15 Mrad and expanded at 1 10 C. so that the 5-inch length became 15 inches, i.e., an expansion of 3X, and cooled while maintaining it expanded. The slab was cut in the expansion direction into strips 0.25 inches wide. Using a contact cement (Roberts' Anchor Weld 0308) one strip was bonded to each cuff ofa nonwoven fabric (du Pont Tyvek) disposable garment. The sleeve section was then heated to C., when the strip recovered to its original length and gathered the cuff. The cuff was found to be elastically deformable, i.e., it could be readily stretched to allow a hand to pass through it and thereafter form a snug fit around the wrist. The properties of Kraton 3 are described in Shell Chemical Company Technical Bulletin SCR 68-193.

Example 2 A strip of Thermofit SFR tubing, 2 inches long, 025 inches diameter and 0.020 inch wall thickness was irradiated to a dose of 20 Mrad in a 1 MeV beam. Thermofit is a trademark of Raychem Corporation. The material is a blend of a silicone rubber with a thermoplastic material, the blend being elastomeric and capable of having heat recoverability imparted to it. The tubing was heated to C. in an oven, stretched to 4 inch in length, and cooled to room temperature, while maintaining that length. It was then attached, with General Electric Silicone Contact Cement 516 to Kimlon, a cellulosic nonwoven fabric manufactured by Kimberly-Clark Corporation. Reheating to 150 C. caused the tubing to shrink, resulting in a gathered material which was elastically stretchable.

Example 3 A strip of Neoprene HC, 6 inch X 0.25 inch X 0.020 inch was irradiated as described in example 2 and similarly stretched to 12 inches at 75 C. The cooled, elongated strip was attached to Kimlon with a contact cement (Roberts Anchor-Weld 0308). Reheating to 75 C. resulted in an elastic-gathered fabric article.

Example 4 Example 3 was repeated, with the change that Vistalon 3708, an ethylene-propylene elastomer manufactured by Enjay Corporation (Standard Oil of New Jersey) was expanded at 100 C. The adhesive used was General Electric Silicone Contact Cement 576. Reheating the assembly to 100 C. produced an elastic-gathered article.

lclaim:

1. A shaped element gathered in at least one region at tached to a heat shrunk material selected from the group of materials which are elastomeric following heat recovery from a dimensionally heat unstable state to a dimensionally heat stable state.

2. An article according to claim 1 wherein said material is an elastomeric block copolymer having the general formula A-B-A in which each A is an independently selected nonelastic polymer block and B is an elastomeric polymer block.

3. A shaped fabric article gathered in at least one region attached to a heat shrunk material selected from the group of materials which are elastomeric following heat recovery from a dimensionally heat unstable state to a dimensionally heat stable state.

4. An article according to claim 3 wherein said material is an elastomeric block copolymer having the general formula AB-A in which each A is an independently selected nonelastomeric polymer block and B is an elastomeric polymer block.

5. A garment attached in at least one region to a heat shrinkable material, which material is selected from the group of materials which are elastomeric following heat recovery from a dimensionally heat unstable state to a dimensionally heat stable state.

8. An article according to claim 7 wherein said material is an elastomeric block copolymer having the general formula A-B-A in which each A is an independently selected nonelastomeric polymer block and B is an elastomeric polymer block.

Claims (8)

1. A shaped garment gathered in at least one region attached to a heat shrunk material selected from the group of materials which are elastomeric following heat recovery from a dimensionally heat unstable state to a dimensionally heat stable state.
2. An article according to claim 1 wherein said material is an elastomeric block copolymer having the general formula A-B-A in which each A is an independently selected nonelstomeric polymer block and B is an elastomeric polymer block.
3. A shaped fabric article gathered in at least one region attached to a heat shrunk material selected from the group of materials which are elastomeric following heat recovery from a dimensionally heat unstable state to a dimensionally heat stable state.
4. An article according to claim 3 wherein said material is an elastomeric block copolymer having the general formula A-B-A in which each A is an independently selected nonelastomeric polymer block and B is an elastomeric polymer block.
5. A garment attached in at least one region to a heat shrinkable material, which material is selected from the group of materials which are elastomeric following heat recovery from a dimensionally heat unstable state to a dimensionally heat stable state.
6. An article according to claim 5 wherein said material is an elastomeric block copolymer having the general formula A-B-A in which each A is an independently selected nonelastomeric polymer block and B is an elastomeric polymer block.
7. A fabric article attached in at least one region to a heat shrinkable material, which material is selected from the group of materials which are elastomeric following heat recovery from a dimensionally heat unstable state to a dimensionally heat stable state.
8. An article according to claim 7 wherein said material is an elastomeric block copolymer having the general formula A-B-A in which each A is an independently selected nonelastomeric polymer block and B is an elastomeric polymer block.
US3639917A 1970-04-07 1970-04-07 Heat recoverable article Expired - Lifetime US3639917A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2634770 true 1970-04-07 1970-04-07

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3639917A true US3639917A (en) 1972-02-08

Family

ID=21831300

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3639917A Expired - Lifetime US3639917A (en) 1970-04-07 1970-04-07 Heat recoverable article

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US3639917A (en)
BE (1) BE765387A (en)
CA (1) CA939128A (en)
DE (1) DE2117113A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2089311A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1300682A (en)
NL (1) NL7104382A (en)

Cited By (67)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3694815A (en) * 1970-09-25 1972-10-03 Kimberly Clark Co Method for applying elastic ribbon to fabrics
US3819401A (en) * 1970-11-13 1974-06-25 Fmc Corp Method of preparing shirred, elastic, flexible articles
US3912565A (en) * 1972-01-24 1975-10-14 Fmc Corp Method of preparing shirred, elastic, flexible articles
US3921221A (en) * 1974-05-24 1975-11-25 Kendall & Co Hospital gown having fitting means
JPS51107871U (en) * 1975-02-28 1976-08-28
US4040124A (en) * 1974-05-24 1977-08-09 The Kendall Company Hospital gown having fitting means
US4226238A (en) * 1978-06-05 1980-10-07 Fameccanica S.P.A. Disposable diaper
US4337771A (en) * 1978-01-27 1982-07-06 Johnson & Johnson Baby Products Company Conformable disposable diaper having reinforced portions
US4407284A (en) * 1980-02-11 1983-10-04 Johnson & Johnson Baby Products Company Laminated structures having gathered and ungathered marginal portions and method of manufacturing the same
US4446189A (en) * 1983-05-12 1984-05-01 Phillips Petroleum Company Textured nonwoven textile fabric laminate and process of making said
US4450026A (en) * 1979-12-21 1984-05-22 Johnson & Johnson Baby Products Company Method of forming a conformable garment with "killed" elastic portions
US4515595A (en) * 1982-11-26 1985-05-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable diapers with elastically contractible waistbands
US4527990A (en) * 1982-09-30 1985-07-09 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Elasticized garment and method for its manufacture
US4543154A (en) * 1983-11-04 1985-09-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for severing a laminated web containing a dimensionally heat unstable layer to produce non-linear shirred edges
FR2563769A1 (en) * 1984-05-01 1985-11-08 Kimberly Clark Co Method of manufacturing a heat-shrinkable elastomer, application of such a method has an article shirring pleats, and section thus forms
US4563185A (en) * 1983-11-04 1986-01-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable diaper having elasticized waistband with non-linear severed edge
US4573991A (en) * 1979-07-25 1986-03-04 Personal Products Company Gatherable laminated structure including an apertured elastic member
EP0189911A2 (en) * 1985-02-01 1986-08-06 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method and apparatus for applying hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive to a heat sensitive web
US4640726A (en) * 1985-06-27 1987-02-03 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Heat activation process and apparatus for heat shrinkable material
US4655760A (en) * 1985-07-30 1987-04-07 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Elasticized garment and method of making the same
US4663106A (en) * 1984-05-01 1987-05-05 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Formation of elasticized portions of disposable garments and other articles
US4665306A (en) * 1985-04-04 1987-05-12 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for activating heat shrinkable ribbon on disposable garments and other articles
US4680450A (en) * 1985-07-30 1987-07-14 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for controlling the heating of composite materials
US4726807A (en) * 1986-04-10 1988-02-23 Weyerhaeuser Company Diaper with elastic margins
US4734311A (en) * 1985-01-16 1988-03-29 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Elasticized non-woven fabric and method of making the same
US4801485A (en) * 1986-03-17 1989-01-31 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Article which includes an elastic member comprising a hot melt-pressure-sensitive adhesive applied to a heat sensitive web
JPS6432805A (en) * 1987-04-24 1989-02-02 Procter & Gamble Clamp jig and loop material for clamp jig and its production
US4816094A (en) * 1984-05-01 1989-03-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method of producing a heat shrinkable elastomer and articles utilizing the elastomer
US4846827A (en) * 1985-02-01 1989-07-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method and apparatus for applying an article which includes an elastic member comprising hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive applied to a heat sensitive web
US4857067A (en) * 1987-12-04 1989-08-15 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Disposable diaper having shirred ears
US4883549A (en) * 1988-12-06 1989-11-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method of attaching a composite elastic material to an article
US4908247A (en) * 1986-04-15 1990-03-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Article including segment which is elastically shirrable after manufacture
US5000806A (en) * 1988-04-19 1991-03-19 Paper Converting Machine Company Method and apparatus for applying an elastic strand to a disposable diaper
US5032121A (en) * 1984-02-21 1991-07-16 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Absorbent article having a cup-shaped configuration
US5032122A (en) * 1987-04-24 1991-07-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Loop fastening material for fastening device and method of making same
US5043036A (en) * 1990-03-30 1991-08-27 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Width stretching device
US5074856A (en) * 1986-01-13 1991-12-24 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Three-dimensional shaped absorbent article with a bicomponent baffle
US5092862A (en) * 1988-03-23 1992-03-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Elastic securement of an article with segments capable of being elastically shirred
US5140757A (en) * 1990-10-09 1992-08-25 Terada Stanley H Elastic band heat activation system
US5232777A (en) * 1987-12-23 1993-08-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Elastic strand construction
US5296080A (en) * 1988-04-19 1994-03-22 Paper Converting Machine Company Apparatus for applying an elastic waistband to a disposable diaper
US5380313A (en) * 1987-06-19 1995-01-10 The Proctor & Gamble Company Loop fastening material for fastening device and method of making same
WO1995001134A1 (en) * 1993-06-30 1995-01-12 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Surgical stockinette
US5429856A (en) * 1990-03-30 1995-07-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Composite materials and process
US5599334A (en) * 1993-11-12 1997-02-04 Confab, Inc. Absorbent article with substantial volume capacity and retainable shape
US5773374A (en) * 1995-04-24 1998-06-30 Wood; Leigh E. Composite materials and process
US6204207B1 (en) 1996-08-01 2001-03-20 Leucadia, Inc. Extruded netting exhibiting stretch and bonding
US20030026948A1 (en) * 2001-05-30 2003-02-06 Dieter Groitzsch Laminated material and method for its production
US6946172B2 (en) * 1996-11-18 2005-09-20 Charles S. Munn Rubbery products that shrink due to the application of energy and hypo-allergic rubbery products
FR2869504A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-04 Kermel Soc Par Actions Simplif Anti Jacket "chimney effect"
US20050273072A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Bryn Hird Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery elastomer
US20050273071A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Mckiernan Robin L Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery stretch laminate
US20060008603A1 (en) * 2002-01-25 2006-01-12 The Glad Products Company Shirred elastic sheet material
US20060117452A1 (en) * 2004-12-04 2006-06-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Protective garment containing malleable insert
US20060155255A1 (en) * 2005-01-10 2006-07-13 Mckiernan Robin L Absorbent articles with stretch zones comprising slow recovery elastic materials
US20070248290A1 (en) * 2002-01-25 2007-10-25 Melvan Jack F Shirred elastic sheet material
US20080003910A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-01-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Latent elastic nonwoven composite
US20080119102A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Hughes Janis W Nonwoven-film composite with latent elasticity
US20080119103A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Wing-Chak Ng Strand composite having latent elasticity
US20080221540A1 (en) * 2007-03-09 2008-09-11 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article containing a crosslinked elastic film
US20090061732A1 (en) * 2007-08-27 2009-03-05 Elisabeth Simpson Brassiere
US20090286444A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-11-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Latent Elastic Composite Formed from a Multi-Layered Film
US8029488B2 (en) 2005-01-26 2011-10-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable pull-on diaper having a low force, slow recovery elastic waist
US8323257B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2012-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery stretch laminate and method for making the same
US9017305B2 (en) 2010-11-12 2015-04-28 The Procter Gamble Company Elastomeric compositions that resist force loss and disintegration
US20160219955A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 Reginald Uy Performance Hem for an Athletic Shirt Including Compression Material
CN106174719A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-07 青岛新维纺织开发有限公司 Manufacturing method of socks with adjustable welt tightness

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES247063U (en) * 1978-01-27 1980-08-16 Johnson & Johnson A usable and disposable diaper
GB2278267B (en) * 1993-05-28 1997-02-12 Philip Joseph Hartley An armlet and a gown incorporating the armlet
FR2835709B1 (en) * 2002-02-12 2004-06-18 Evelyne Altounian A method of making a fabric wrinkles or crumples

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1102408A (en) * 1913-02-05 1914-07-07 Ida Marie Maximiliane Ernestine Huebner Interconvertible coverlet and wrapper.
US1408373A (en) * 1920-10-30 1922-02-28 Lustgarten Bernard Garment
US1544312A (en) * 1923-02-21 1925-06-30 Plymouth Rubber Company Inc Elastic border band and ruffle and method of producing same
US2027962A (en) * 1933-03-03 1936-01-14 Nat Carbon Co Inc Production of articles from plastic compositions
US3086242A (en) * 1960-07-15 1963-04-23 Raychem Corp Process and apparatus for producing materials having plastic memory
US3353189A (en) * 1965-06-07 1967-11-21 Zimmon & Company Inc Disposable gown with one-piece body and sleeves having elastic sleeve closure

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1102408A (en) * 1913-02-05 1914-07-07 Ida Marie Maximiliane Ernestine Huebner Interconvertible coverlet and wrapper.
US1408373A (en) * 1920-10-30 1922-02-28 Lustgarten Bernard Garment
US1544312A (en) * 1923-02-21 1925-06-30 Plymouth Rubber Company Inc Elastic border band and ruffle and method of producing same
US2027962A (en) * 1933-03-03 1936-01-14 Nat Carbon Co Inc Production of articles from plastic compositions
US3086242A (en) * 1960-07-15 1963-04-23 Raychem Corp Process and apparatus for producing materials having plastic memory
US3353189A (en) * 1965-06-07 1967-11-21 Zimmon & Company Inc Disposable gown with one-piece body and sleeves having elastic sleeve closure

Cited By (95)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3694815A (en) * 1970-09-25 1972-10-03 Kimberly Clark Co Method for applying elastic ribbon to fabrics
US3819401A (en) * 1970-11-13 1974-06-25 Fmc Corp Method of preparing shirred, elastic, flexible articles
US3912565A (en) * 1972-01-24 1975-10-14 Fmc Corp Method of preparing shirred, elastic, flexible articles
US3921221A (en) * 1974-05-24 1975-11-25 Kendall & Co Hospital gown having fitting means
US4040124A (en) * 1974-05-24 1977-08-09 The Kendall Company Hospital gown having fitting means
JPS51107871U (en) * 1975-02-28 1976-08-28
JPS5348876Y2 (en) * 1975-02-28 1978-11-22
US4337771A (en) * 1978-01-27 1982-07-06 Johnson & Johnson Baby Products Company Conformable disposable diaper having reinforced portions
US4226238A (en) * 1978-06-05 1980-10-07 Fameccanica S.P.A. Disposable diaper
US4573991A (en) * 1979-07-25 1986-03-04 Personal Products Company Gatherable laminated structure including an apertured elastic member
US4450026A (en) * 1979-12-21 1984-05-22 Johnson & Johnson Baby Products Company Method of forming a conformable garment with "killed" elastic portions
US4407284A (en) * 1980-02-11 1983-10-04 Johnson & Johnson Baby Products Company Laminated structures having gathered and ungathered marginal portions and method of manufacturing the same
US4527990A (en) * 1982-09-30 1985-07-09 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Elasticized garment and method for its manufacture
US4515595A (en) * 1982-11-26 1985-05-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable diapers with elastically contractible waistbands
US4446189A (en) * 1983-05-12 1984-05-01 Phillips Petroleum Company Textured nonwoven textile fabric laminate and process of making said
US4543154A (en) * 1983-11-04 1985-09-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for severing a laminated web containing a dimensionally heat unstable layer to produce non-linear shirred edges
US4563185A (en) * 1983-11-04 1986-01-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable diaper having elasticized waistband with non-linear severed edge
US5032121A (en) * 1984-02-21 1991-07-16 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Absorbent article having a cup-shaped configuration
US4663106A (en) * 1984-05-01 1987-05-05 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Formation of elasticized portions of disposable garments and other articles
FR2563769A1 (en) * 1984-05-01 1985-11-08 Kimberly Clark Co Method of manufacturing a heat-shrinkable elastomer, application of such a method has an article shirring pleats, and section thus forms
US4816094A (en) * 1984-05-01 1989-03-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method of producing a heat shrinkable elastomer and articles utilizing the elastomer
US4734311A (en) * 1985-01-16 1988-03-29 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Elasticized non-woven fabric and method of making the same
US4846827A (en) * 1985-02-01 1989-07-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method and apparatus for applying an article which includes an elastic member comprising hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive applied to a heat sensitive web
EP0189911A3 (en) * 1985-02-01 1987-09-23 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method and apparatus for applying hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive to a heat sensitive web
EP0189911A2 (en) * 1985-02-01 1986-08-06 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method and apparatus for applying hot melt pressure sensitive adhesive to a heat sensitive web
US4665306A (en) * 1985-04-04 1987-05-12 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for activating heat shrinkable ribbon on disposable garments and other articles
US4640726A (en) * 1985-06-27 1987-02-03 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Heat activation process and apparatus for heat shrinkable material
US4680450A (en) * 1985-07-30 1987-07-14 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for controlling the heating of composite materials
US4655760A (en) * 1985-07-30 1987-04-07 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Elasticized garment and method of making the same
US5074856A (en) * 1986-01-13 1991-12-24 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Three-dimensional shaped absorbent article with a bicomponent baffle
US4801485A (en) * 1986-03-17 1989-01-31 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Article which includes an elastic member comprising a hot melt-pressure-sensitive adhesive applied to a heat sensitive web
US4917682A (en) * 1986-04-10 1990-04-17 Weyerhaeuser Company Leak resistant elastic waist diaper
US4726807A (en) * 1986-04-10 1988-02-23 Weyerhaeuser Company Diaper with elastic margins
US4908247A (en) * 1986-04-15 1990-03-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Article including segment which is elastically shirrable after manufacture
JPH0458323B2 (en) * 1987-04-24 1992-09-17 Procter & Gamble
JPS6432805A (en) * 1987-04-24 1989-02-02 Procter & Gamble Clamp jig and loop material for clamp jig and its production
US5032122A (en) * 1987-04-24 1991-07-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Loop fastening material for fastening device and method of making same
US5380313A (en) * 1987-06-19 1995-01-10 The Proctor & Gamble Company Loop fastening material for fastening device and method of making same
US4857067A (en) * 1987-12-04 1989-08-15 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Disposable diaper having shirred ears
US5431644A (en) * 1987-12-23 1995-07-11 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Elastic strand construction
US5232777A (en) * 1987-12-23 1993-08-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Elastic strand construction
US5092862A (en) * 1988-03-23 1992-03-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Elastic securement of an article with segments capable of being elastically shirred
US5000806A (en) * 1988-04-19 1991-03-19 Paper Converting Machine Company Method and apparatus for applying an elastic strand to a disposable diaper
US5296080A (en) * 1988-04-19 1994-03-22 Paper Converting Machine Company Apparatus for applying an elastic waistband to a disposable diaper
US4883549A (en) * 1988-12-06 1989-11-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method of attaching a composite elastic material to an article
US5620780A (en) * 1990-03-30 1997-04-15 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Composite materials and process
US5429856A (en) * 1990-03-30 1995-07-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Composite materials and process
US5043036A (en) * 1990-03-30 1991-08-27 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Width stretching device
US5840412A (en) * 1990-03-30 1998-11-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Composite materials and process
US5800903A (en) * 1990-03-30 1998-09-01 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Composite materials and process
US5368666A (en) * 1990-10-09 1994-11-29 Paragon Trade Brands, Inc. Elastic band heat activation system
US5140757A (en) * 1990-10-09 1992-08-25 Terada Stanley H Elastic band heat activation system
US5340431A (en) * 1990-10-09 1994-08-23 Paragon Trade Brands, Inc. Elastic band heat activation system
WO1995001134A1 (en) * 1993-06-30 1995-01-12 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Surgical stockinette
US5599334A (en) * 1993-11-12 1997-02-04 Confab, Inc. Absorbent article with substantial volume capacity and retainable shape
US5773374A (en) * 1995-04-24 1998-06-30 Wood; Leigh E. Composite materials and process
US6204207B1 (en) 1996-08-01 2001-03-20 Leucadia, Inc. Extruded netting exhibiting stretch and bonding
US6692606B1 (en) 1996-08-01 2004-02-17 Leucadia, Inc Extruded netting exhibiting stretch and bonding
US6946172B2 (en) * 1996-11-18 2005-09-20 Charles S. Munn Rubbery products that shrink due to the application of energy and hypo-allergic rubbery products
US20030026948A1 (en) * 2001-05-30 2003-02-06 Dieter Groitzsch Laminated material and method for its production
US7008685B2 (en) * 2001-05-30 2006-03-07 Carl Freudenberg Kg Laminated material and method for its production
US7459191B2 (en) 2002-01-25 2008-12-02 The Glad Products Company Shirred elastic sheet material
US7300395B2 (en) 2002-01-25 2007-11-27 The Glad Products Company Method for manufacturing a bag
US20070248290A1 (en) * 2002-01-25 2007-10-25 Melvan Jack F Shirred elastic sheet material
US20060008603A1 (en) * 2002-01-25 2006-01-12 The Glad Products Company Shirred elastic sheet material
US20060009339A1 (en) * 2002-01-25 2006-01-12 The Glad Products Company Shirred elastic sheet material
US7946765B2 (en) 2002-01-25 2011-05-24 The Glad Products Company Shirred elastic sheet material
US6994469B2 (en) 2002-01-25 2006-02-07 The Glad Products Company Shirred elastic sheet material
FR2869504A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-04 Kermel Soc Par Actions Simplif Anti Jacket "chimney effect"
WO2005115186A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-12-08 Kermel Anti-chimney-effect jacket
US20050273072A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Bryn Hird Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery elastomer
US20050273071A1 (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-08 Mckiernan Robin L Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery stretch laminate
US7905872B2 (en) * 2004-06-04 2011-03-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery stretch laminate
US7717893B2 (en) 2004-06-04 2010-05-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery elastomer
US20060117452A1 (en) * 2004-12-04 2006-06-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Protective garment containing malleable insert
US20060155255A1 (en) * 2005-01-10 2006-07-13 Mckiernan Robin L Absorbent articles with stretch zones comprising slow recovery elastic materials
US8419701B2 (en) 2005-01-10 2013-04-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with stretch zones comprising slow recovery elastic materials
US8029488B2 (en) 2005-01-26 2011-10-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable pull-on diaper having a low force, slow recovery elastic waist
US7585382B2 (en) 2006-06-30 2009-09-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Latent elastic nonwoven composite
US20080003910A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-01-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Latent elastic nonwoven composite
US7938921B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2011-05-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Strand composite having latent elasticity
US7582178B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2009-09-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nonwoven-film composite with latent elasticity
US20080119102A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Hughes Janis W Nonwoven-film composite with latent elasticity
US20080119103A1 (en) * 2006-11-22 2008-05-22 Wing-Chak Ng Strand composite having latent elasticity
US20080221540A1 (en) * 2007-03-09 2008-09-11 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article containing a crosslinked elastic film
US7910795B2 (en) 2007-03-09 2011-03-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article containing a crosslinked elastic film
US7963822B2 (en) * 2007-08-27 2011-06-21 Triumph Intertrade Ag Brassiere with reinforced edges
US20090061732A1 (en) * 2007-08-27 2009-03-05 Elisabeth Simpson Brassiere
US8323257B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2012-12-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles comprising a slow recovery stretch laminate and method for making the same
US9724248B2 (en) 2008-05-15 2017-08-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Latent elastic composite formed from a multi-layered film
US20090286444A1 (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-11-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Latent Elastic Composite Formed from a Multi-Layered Film
US8709191B2 (en) 2008-05-15 2014-04-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Latent elastic composite formed from a multi-layered film
US9017305B2 (en) 2010-11-12 2015-04-28 The Procter Gamble Company Elastomeric compositions that resist force loss and disintegration
US20160219955A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 Reginald Uy Performance Hem for an Athletic Shirt Including Compression Material
CN106174719A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-07 青岛新维纺织开发有限公司 Manufacturing method of socks with adjustable welt tightness

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA939128A (en) 1974-01-01 grant
CA939128A1 (en) grant
DE2117113A1 (en) 1971-10-28 application
BE765387A (en) 1971-10-06 grant
NL7104382A (en) 1971-10-11 application
BE765387A1 (en) grant
FR2089311A5 (en) 1972-01-07 application
GB1300682A (en) 1972-12-20 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3335719A (en) Surgical drape
US3594818A (en) Folded belt package for hospital gowns
US3245407A (en) Disposable articles
US2832346A (en) Diaper holder
US4857067A (en) Disposable diaper having shirred ears
US4517910A (en) Embroidered design for securement to an article and method of making the same
US4450026A (en) Method of forming a conformable garment with "killed" elastic portions
US4344240A (en) Identification snap
US4430086A (en) Disposable diaper with improved body conformity and liquid retention
US5699557A (en) Embroidered applique fastening system clothing articles
US4938754A (en) Disposable diaper with improved body comformity and liquid retention
US4801485A (en) Article which includes an elastic member comprising a hot melt-pressure-sensitive adhesive applied to a heat sensitive web
USD328369S (en) Padded baseball batting glove
US4631752A (en) Disposable garment shield
US3402323A (en) Disposable overshoes of flexible film material
US3721997A (en) Protective garment
US3977025A (en) Belt closure for sterile back surgical gown or the like
US2523565A (en) Bib
US4388075A (en) Disposable diaper with wide elastic gathering means for improved comfort
US4337771A (en) Conformable disposable diaper having reinforced portions
US5097534A (en) Protective garment
US4662874A (en) Body member conformable disposable articles
US4058853A (en) Socks with flexible self-contained fastener patches
EP0023804A1 (en) A gatherable laminated structure including an apertured elastic member and method of making the same
US4525407A (en) Elastic composites

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY THE, CINCINNATI, OHIO, A

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:RAYCHEM CORPORATION, A CORP OF CA.;REEL/FRAME:004454/0475

Effective date: 19850801