Uni tates Troy et all ate [4 1 ,llan..5,l972
 APPARATUS AND METHOD FUR WEAVJING FABRIC Wl'llil HNTH'CATE lPllLlE FURMATIIONS  Inventors: James E. Troy; John T. Macllsaac, Jun,
both of Eden, NC.
lFieldcrest Mills, llnc., Eden, Rockingham,
221 Filed: Deofi, 1969 21 Appl.No.: 882,851
 US. Cl ..139/46  Km. Cl. ..D03d 39/20  Field olSearch ..l39/38,46, 1,402,403
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,437,378 3/1948 Clark i 1 39/46 3,001,552 9/1961 Park et a1 ..l39/46 3,369,569 2/1968 Troy 139/46 Primary ExaminerHenry S. Jaudon Attorney- Parrott, Bell, Seltzer, Park & Gibson [5 7] ABSTRACT Utilizing the principle of shogging pile yarns above and across warpwise extending pile formers or wires in the weaving of pile fabrics this invention is directed to a method and apparatus in which a plurality of weftwise rows of vertically movable and weftwise movable pile yarn guides are employed and wherein the rows of pile yarn guides and the respective pile yarns are shogged weftwise varying amounts independently of each other under control ofa pattern mechanism 51 Claims, 38 Drawing Figures PATENTED m2 51972 SHEET 010? $2 //\/VEA/TOE.S.' JAMEs E. Tsaov d JOHNT MACISAAQ,-IE.
ATTORNEYS PATENTED JANZSISTZ 3.638.988
sum 02 or 12 INVENTORS; JAME-s Et'T Of and ISoHNT MACISAAQJR.
ATTORNEYS WENTED M25 m SHEET BEEF 12 y u A 1 NJ 121 4 95 J AMEs E. TROY 2nd JOHN T MACISAAQIQ ATTORNEYS.
PATENTEU M25 872 SHEET BMW 12 JAMES E. TEQY and JOHN T. MAQISAA IR.
mwzdtgfle, M 9 4m PATTERN be-mce- I ATTORNEYS PATENIED M25 1972 SHEET OSOF 12 mvmons:
JAMES ETEQY 2nd.
JOHN T. MAcTsA .BY M6513,
ATTORNEYS PATENTED M825 I872 SHEET 080! 12 mvmoasc JAMEE E. TROY and Joku T- MAMEAA JQ.
ATTORNEYS PATENTEUJAHZSISYE SHEET Um 12 $636,988
3 a2 m 3% f A Di mfi 1: E .M WWW JJ 0 m 5 a 6 Q] a 0% PATENTED JAN25 r972 SHEET UBUF 12 mvmom- JAMEs E. TROY and To PATTERN Dela JOHN T. MAQEAAQJE.
ATTORNEY PATENTEDJANZSIQTZ 3.638.988 sum USUF 12 mvsmoas:
JAMEs E. TROY and Joan T. MAQISAAQJR,
ATTORNEYS PATENTED mas m2 SHEET 100F112 mvmons: JAMES E. TROY and I: F-ZOJZDHN T MAc LsAAcJE.
WMJWMQMW ATTORNEYS PATENTED JANZS I972 31,636,988
SHEET 11 0F 12 PATENTED JANZS 1972 SHEET 120F 12 INVENTORS 5 FAME; E- Y F Elf-3% .Zl 57 55 JBHNT. Madsmjk hwzmadgx M9: 4%
ATTORNEYS AlPlPAlltATlUS AND METHOD FDR WEAVENG FABM'C Wl'lllll lNTlltll CA'llE PHLE FORMATIIONS The art of weaving pile fabrics on a loom by shogging pile yarns weftwise over stationary and/or movable warpwise extending pile formers or pile wires of uniform and/or variable heights is well known. Also, it is known to utilize two weftwise rows of pile yarn guides for shogging respective sets of pile yarns reciprocally across and above pile wires, and which dip into and out of the Warp shed following each shogging movement thereof to form warpwise rows of double pile loops which may be parallel or wherein one loop of each pair crosses over the other, as disclosed, for example, in Clark's US. Pat. No. Re. 24,949 dated Mar. 21, 196].
We have now discovered that much more intricately variegated designs in pile arrangements may be produced in pile fabrics than have been known heretofore by constructing and controlling plural weftwise rows of pile yarn guides in such manner that each such row may be shogged varying amounts weftwise of the loom independently of and/or in unison with the other row or rows of pile yarn guides during continuous operation of the loom in accordance with a predetermined pattern.
It is therefore an object of this invention to provide an improved apparatus for and method of weaving pile fabrics on a loom so as to produce many difierent pile patterns or designs which have not been obtainable heretofore to our knowledge.
It is another object of this invention to provide an improved apparatus and method for weaving novel variegated pile fabrics from different colors or kinds of pile yarns on a loom of the type in which pile yarn feed guides are utilized to shog pile yarns across and above pile formers and are dipped into and out of the ground warp shed during each pick or certain spaced picks of the loom, and wherein at least some or all of the pile yarns may be shogged weftwise of the loom varying distances during selected pile forming picks of the loom ac cording to a predetermined pattern.
It is still another object of this invention to provide an improved apparatus and method for weaving on a loom of the character described, wherein at least two substantially parallel weftwise rows of pile yarn feed guides are so controlled that any one or more of the following different operations of the pile yarns being guided through the pile yarn guides may be effected in any desired sequence according to a predetermined pattern:
I. At times, shog all of the pile yarns simultaneously the same distance in the same weftwise direction, and at other times, shog some of the pile yarns weftwise relative to other of the pile yarns;
2. Shog certain pile yarns weftwise of the loom while maintaining certain other pile yarns stationary as to weftwise movement and/or vice versa during at least one pile-forming picks, and preferably during several successive pile-forming picks of the loom, so as to form floats of said certain pile yarns while forming pile loops of the certain other pile yarns;
3. Shog at least some of the pile yarns weftwise at times a given distance and at other times a different distance from the given distance during successive pile-forming picks of the loom;
4. Shog each of certain pile yarns weftwise over a greater number of pile formers than that over which each of certain other pile yarns are being shogged during a single pile forming pick or a plurality of successive pile-forming picks of the loom; and
5. Shog the pile yarns weftwise at times in unison, and at other times, shog certain of the pile yarns in one weftwise direction while shogging certain others of the pile yarns in the opposite weftwise direction.
Still another object of this invention is to provide a novel pattern mechanism for imparting the various shogging motions to pile yarns as described above.
in its preferred embodiment, the apparatus for carrying out the method of this invention is provided in combination with a loom and includes two weftwise extending, substantially parallel rows of spaced pile yarn feed guides mounted above a weftwise series of pile formers which are preferably in the form of elongate pile wires extending warpwise through an oscillatable reed and forwardly of the fell of the fabric being woven. The ground warps of the loom are preferably divided into spaced groups with one of the pile wires being aligned with each group of ground warps. Pattern control means are provided for selectively shogging in two rows of pile yarn guides weftwise independently of each other across and above the groups of ground warps and corresponding pile: wires in the course of each pile-forming pick of the loom.
It should be noted that a shogging motion of either or both rows of pile yarn guides may occur during each pick, or during each of certain spaced picks of the loom, referred to herein as a pile-forming pick," depending upon whether a single-shot or a multiple-shot pile fabric is being woven. in any event, following each such shogging motion of either or both rows of pile yarn guides in effecting the corresponding pile forming operation, the pile yarn guides are dipped downwardly into the ground warp shed between the pile wires and forwardly of the reed to position pile yarns extending through eyelets of the guides beneath the path of a weft-inserting means. A shot of weft yarn then is inserted in the warp shed over the pile yarns, whereupon the pile yarn guides are withdrawn upwardly out of the shed to draw the pile yarns, under tension, upwardly between the pile wires to form continuous pile loops from all or certain of the pile yarns over corresponding pile wires and grounds of ground warps, with the pile yarns, or the certain pile yarns, as the case may be, looped beneath corresponding weft yarns.
All the pile yarns, or certain groups of the pile yarns may be of different colors, shades, and/or kinds with respect to each other, or all of them may be of the same: color or kind, and/or alternate pile yarns may be of a different color or kind from the intervening pile yarns therebetween. Each pile yarn guide may have a single pile yarn or two or more pile yarns threaded therethrough, and each row of pile yarn guides may have one or more pile yarns threaded through each guide thereof and corresponding to each pile wire and/or group of ground warps. Alternatively, one row of pile yarn guides may be arranged to feed one or more pile yarns to each of certain alternately spaced pile wires and respective groups of ground warps with the other row of pile yarn guides being arranged to feed one or more other pile yarns to each intervening pile wire and respective intervening group of ground warps between the altemately spaced pile wires and groups of ground warps.
By arranging the pattern mechanism to cause the two rows of pile yarn guides to manipulate the pile yarns in various sequences such as have been described above, and by choosing and varying the arrangement of the pile yarns through the pile yarn guides substantially as indicated above, a wide range of variegated different designs of pile fabrics may be obtained many of which could only be produced on conventional Axminster or gripper-types of looms heretofore. The range of pile designs may be further increased by utilizing pattern controlled warpwise movable pile wires provided with pile supporting surfaces thereon of varying heights which are selectively moved into and out of pile forming position relative to the rows of pile yarn guides to form correspondingly varying heights of pile loops or pile loop areas in the fabric. Such pile wires also may be selectively withdrawn entirely from pile forming position so that corresponding pile yarn guides will form ground-engaging pile loops over respective groups of ground warps. Certain or all of the pile wires may be provided with cutting blades for severing the corresponding loops formed thereover, and where high loops and relatively low or short loops are being formed in alternation over any particular pile wires, corresponding cutting blades thereon may be ar ranged so as to sever either or both the high and the low loops. It is also contemplated that shearing equipment may be employed for severing the entire pile surface of the fabric or for severing the pile surface of the fabric at random after the pile fabric has been removed from the loom. Of course, where the fabric includes pile loops of different heights, only the relatively high loops may be severed by such shearing equipment.
Some of the objects of the invention having been stated, other objects will appear as the description proceeds when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic side elevation of a loom embodying the invention, the right-hand side of this view illustrating the portion of the loom at which the cloth being woven is being taken up, and which shall be considered the front of the loom for the purposes of this disclosure;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged vertical sectional view, mostly in elevation, looking substantially along line 22 in FIG. 1, but wherein many of the parts are broken away for purposes of clarity;
FIG. 3 is a further enlarged transverse vertical sectional view through the loom taken substantially along line 33 in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged perspective view of one of two heads of the pattern mechanism of the instant invention, looking in the general direction of the arrow indicated at 4 in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary plan view taken substantially along line 5-5 in FIG. 2, showing one of the pattern heads partially in cross section;
FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 are fragmentary vertical sectional views taken substantially along the respective lines 6-6, 77 and 88 in FIG. 5;
FIG. 9 is a fragmentary perspective view looking in the general direction of the arrow indicated at 9 in FIG. 5;
FIG. 10 is a fragmentary longitudinal vertical sectional view through the relatively axially movable shogging rocker shafts for the pile yarn guide means, taken substantially along line I0l0 in FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is a transverse vertical sectional view through the pile yarn guide means taken substantially along line 11l1 in FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a schematic perspective view of drive means for various movable components of the loom;
FIG. 13 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view taken substantially along line 13l3 in FIG. 9, wherein the guides for the two sets of pile yarns occupy a lowered position in the shed such that all the pile yarns are looped beneath the weft strands;
FIG. 13A is a warpwise fragmentary vertical sectional view through a portion of pile fabric produced by the arrangement of the pile yarn guides in FIG. 13;
FIG. 14 is a view similar to FIG. I3, but wherein the rear set of pile yarn guides is positioned on a higher level than the front set of pile yarn guides such that the respective pile yarns thereof straddle the lowermost of a pair of upper and lower weft inserters or needles, resulting in the lower bights of some of the pile tufts being positioned between upper and lower weft strands, and the lower bights of others of the pile tufts being positioned beneath all of the weft strands;
FIG. 14A is a warpwise vertical sectional view through a portion of pile fabric produced by the arrangement of the pile yarn guides in FIG. 14;
FIG. 15 is a view similar to FIGS. 13 and 14, wherein the positions of the pile yarn guides are such relative to the supporting bars therefor that all the pile yarns extend between the upper and lower weft inserters when the pile yarn guides occupy their lowermost positions, and so that the lower bights of all the pile tufts are positioned between the upper and lower weft strands in the resulting fabric;
FIG. 15A is a warpwise fragmentary vertical sectional view through the pile fabric produced by the pile yarn guides as arranged in FIG. 15;
FIGS. l6l9 are perspective views of various forms of pile wires over which pile loops may be formed in the weaving of various types of pile fabrics according to the instant invention;
FIG. is a schematic plan view of a portion of pile fabric in which certain pile yarns are floated adjacent certain other pile yarns, and particularly illustrating how the floats may be bound intermediate their ends to the base fabric by crossing the said certain other pile yarns beneath the floats;
FIG. 21 is a perspective view showing the arrangement of only two of the pile yarns of FIG. 20 with one lower bight of that pile yarn from which loops are being formed extending beneath the floated portion of the adjacent pile yarn;
FIG. 22 is a fragmentary view similar to FIG. 21 showing how the pile yarn guides cause the pile yarn from which loops are being formed to extend across and beneath a medial portion of the float then being formed of the next adjacent pile y FIG. 23 is another schematic view of a portion of pile fabric illustrating a few variations of loop pile patterns which may be produced with the apparatus of this invention, this view also serving to aid in the description of the pattern mechanism controlling the pile yam guides; and
FIGS. 24 to 35 are schematic views illustrating some of many different loop pile designs or patterns which may be produced individually or in various combinations according to the instant invention, but wherein only one of the pile yarns from each of the two sheets A, B are shown along with grids representing the groups of ground warps and the weft yarns so that the paths traced by each pile yarn in each sheet may be clearly understood.
Referring more specifically to the drawings, the loom for carrying out the method of the instant invention may be of the general type disclosed in Clarks said U.S. Pat. No. Re. 24,949, and in Mobergs U.S. Pat. No. 2,860,664, dated Nov. 18, 8, modified in a novel manner as will be later described. For purposes of brevity, many details of the loom are omitted from the drawings. Therefore, the disclosures of the Clark and Moberg patents, along with the disclosures of Clarks U.S. Pat. No. 2,860,666, dated Nov. l8, I958, and Brannocks U.S. Pat. No. 2,890,725, dated June 16, 1959, are incorporated in the present disclosure by reference.
Generally, the looms disclosed in the above-mentioned patents are characterized by having at least one weftwise row of pile yarn guides which shog pile yarns weftwise back and forth above and across pile formers which extend warpwise of the loom in front of the harness or heddles and over respective groups of ground warps. Following each shogging motion of the pile yarn guides, they dip between the pile formers into the warp shed and a shot of weft is inserted through the open warp shed and above the pile yarns extending through the guides to the fell of the fabric. As the pile yarn guides subsequently are raised and withdrawn from the warp shed, they tighten the loops over the pile formers, and the loops and weft shot are beaten up against the fell. Such looms are adapted to weave one-shot, two-shot or three-shot fabrics in which one, two or three shots of weft are inserted in the warp shed and corresponding beat-ups of the reed are eflected in forming each weftwise row of pile loops. The instant loom will be described hereinafter as adapted for weaving a one-shot pile fabric for purposes of illustration only, it being understood that the loom may be readily adapted to weave multishot pile fabrics, if desired. It should be noted that, in view of the fact that pile loops are formed completely during each pick of the loom in weaving a one-shot fabric, but are formed completely during only every second and only every third pick of the loom in weaving two-shot and three-shot fabrics, respectively, those particular picks of the loom which occur as the loops are being completely formed are termed in the description and the claims as pile-forming picks."
Essentially, the loom comprises the usual weaving instrumentalities, namely, beating-up means embodied in an oscillatable reed 20, (FIG. 3), shed forming means embodied in relatively movable harnesses 21, and weft-inserting means which may take the form of a single weft inserter or needle, but preferably is in the form of a pair of closely vertically spaced or superposed lower and upper weft inserters or needles 22, 23. Although two double weft yarns 22a, 23a (FIGS. 13A, 14A and 15A) are inserted in the warp shed during each reciprocation of the weft inserters 22, 23, the illustrated fabrics are each of a one-shot weave, since there are no weft strands below the upper bights of any of the pile loops; Le, a
weftwise row of loops is formed during each pick of the loom. Therefore, each set or pair of double weft yarns 22a, 22b may be termed collectively as a single weft shot."
A weftwise series of spaced pile formers, preferably in the form of elongate warpwise extending pile wires 24, and plural sets or rows of vertically movable and weftwise shiftable pile yarn guides cooperate with the weaving instrumentalities to weave pile fabric F from ground warps, weft yarns and pile yarns. Two weftwise rows of pile yarn guides 95, 96 are shown in the instant embodiment of the invention, although one or more additional independently controlled rows of pile yarn guides may be used if desired. The ground warps may include chain or hinder warps C1, C2 taken from one source represented by a warp beam 30 (FIG. 1), and relatively highly tensioned stuffer warps S taken from another source represented by a warp beam 31.
Ground warps C1, C2, S are guided forwardly from warp beams 30, 31 beneath suitable respective lower guide rolls 32, 33 (FIG. 3), then pass upwardly over respective whip rolls 34, 35, and then pass forwardly in a generally horizontal plane through harnesses 21 and reed to the fell of the fabric F. The fabric F passes over a breast beam 36 and is taken up by a cloth takeup roll 37, from whence it is suitably guided to a suitably driven cloth roll 40 (FIG. 1).
Since the stuffer warps S need not be shedded upwardly and downwardly, they need not extend through the eyes of the heddles. However, the chain warps CI, C2 extend through the eyes of corresponding heddles of the harnesses 2I to form a double warp shed in cooperation with the stuffer warps S. The use of stuffer warps S is not entirely necessary. However, when used, the stuffer warps S preferably extend forwardly between the two weft inserters 22, 23, as best shown in FIG. 13, in their course to the fell of the fabric F.
With the exception of there being two weft inserters 22, 23 employed in association with the instant invention, the reed 20, the harnesses 21, the weft inserters 22, 23, the tension controls or letoff mechanisms for warp beams 30, 31, the pile wires 24, the takeup roll 37, and the fabric roll 40 may be constructed and operated in substantially the manner disclosed in said Moberg U.S. Pat. No. 2,860,664. Accordingly, only so much of such structures will be described as is deemed necessary to a clear understanding of the instant invention.
By way of example, it will be observed in FIG. I2 that a suitable motive means, in the form of an electric motor 43, drives the input shaft of a gear unit 44 having three output shafts 45, 46, 47. Output shaft 45 is operatively connected to cloth takeup roll 37 by means of a suitable intervening takeup mechanism generally designated at 50. Suitable gearing 51 drivingly connects output shaft 46 to one end of a main camshaft 52, and output shaft 47 is connected, by suitable linkage 53, to a weft-inserter reciprocating mechanism 54, including a block 55 (FIG. 2) in which corresponding outer ends of weft inserters or needles 22, 23 are fixedly mounted, one above the other. The weft-inserter reciprocating mechanism 54 may be of the type disclosed in the aforementioned Brannock or Moberg patents.
A harness cam 59, shown in the form of a face cam in FIG. 12, is fixed on main camshaft 52 and engaged by a follower 60 on a follower arm 61. The lower end of follower arm 61 is connected, by means of a link 62 and a crank 63, to a harness rocker shaft 64 having a pair of rocker arms 65 fixed thereon, only one of which is shown in FIG. 12, but the other of which is shown in the left-hand portion of FIG. 2. Connecting rods 66 are secured to harnesses 21 and are suitably guided for vertical movement in the frame of the loom.
The lower ends of connecting rods 66 at each side of harnesses 21 are connected, as by links 67, to rocker arms 65. In this instance, only two harnesses 21 need be used, one of the harnesses being in the up" or raised position, and the other of the harnesses being in the down" or lowered position during the insertion of alternate shots of weft yarn in the double warp shed. During insertion of intervening shots of weft yarn in the warp shed, the harnesses occupy the reverse positions. It is apparent that additional harnesses may be employed or heddles, controlled by a dobby or a jacquard mechanism, may be employed in lieu of harnesses 2I, without departing from the inventron.
As shown in FIG. 3, reed 20 is carried by a lay or beam 70 mounted on swords 'ill fixed on a reed rocker shaft 72. Rocker shaft 72 has a crank or follower arm 73 fixed thereon whose follower 74 engages the groove of a face cam 75 fixedly mounted on main camshaft 52.
The front ends of pile wires 24 overlie breast beam 36 and the ground fabric or base formed of the ground warps C1, C2, S and the double- strand weft yarns 22a, 23a (FIG. 13A). The ground warps may be arranged in spaced groups of two or more, and a pile wire 24 usually overlies each group of ground warps. In the weaving of the particular type of fabrics shown in FIGS. 13A, 14A and ISA, each group of ground warps may include one of each of the three ground warps C1, C2, S.
lPile wires 24 may be of uniform height as shown in FIG. 16, and/or they may be of the types such as are disclosed in Stovalls US. Pat. No. 2,808,072, dated Oct. 1, 1957, wherein each of the pile wires has two or more pile-forming surfaces of different heights on the forward end thereof which are presented selectively to the loop-forming zone for forming successive loops of different heights according to a predetermined pattern. Typical pile wires having pile-forming surfaces of two different heights are indicated at 24a, 24b, 24c in respective FIGS. 17, 13 and 19. Also, such pile wires may be selectively withdrawn from the loop-forming zone to form ground-engaging loops of the corresponding pile yarns; i.e., loops whose upper bights engage corresponding groups of ground warps. Selected pile wires, or all the pile wires may be provided with suitable severing means or cutting blades thereon, such as are indicated at 24b, 24c in FIGS. 13 and 19, for severing all the pile loops, or only the relatively low pile loops. Other forms of pile wires with cutting blades thereon are described in detail in said Clark US. Pat. No. 2,860,666. Further, conventional shearing equipment may be employed for randomly or entirely shearing the tops of the loops after the fabric is removed from the loom. Of course, where the fabric includes loops of different heights, the shearing equipment would be used for severing relatively high loops only.
As shown in FIG. 3, pile wires 24 extend rearwardly through reed 20 and between the heddles of harnesses 21 and are suitably guided for longitudinal movement on a transverse frame member 30 extending between and being suitably secured to opposing substantially upright loom side frame members till, 82 (FIGS. 1, 2 and 3). In order to present selected loop-forming surfaces of each pile wire to the loop forming zone forwardly of reed 20 in the event of pile wires of the type shown in FIGS. I7 and 16 being used, each pile wire may be connected, by a pliable element or cable 34 (FIG. 3), to a suitable main pattern device 65, such as a jacquard pattern mechanism (FIG. 1).
File yarns pass from a creel or other suitable source, not shown, through a suitable pile yarn tensioning or slack takeup device (FIGS. 1 and 3) where they are split into primary and secondary sheets of pile yarns broadly designated at A, B. The slack takeup device 90 may be of a type such as is shown in FIG. 4-A or 4-B of said Moberg US. Pat. No. 2,860,664, for example. From the slack takeup device 90, the pile yarn sheets A, B extend rearwardly over and in engagement with respective transverse guide bars or rollers 91, 92 and then downwardly against respective guide bars or rollers 93, 94 and through eyelets in the lower portions of respective front and rear, primary and secondary, weftwise rows or sets of spaced elongate, substantially vertically disposed, pile yarn guides or dip needles 95, 96. File yarns A, B extend from guides 95, 96 to the fell of the fabric F.
During the weaving operation, guides 95, 96 are dipped downwardly from a raised or withdrawn position above the level of the pile wires 24 and into the double warp shed below the path of at least the upper weft inserter 23 prior to each weft-inserting operation, assuming that the fabric F is to be a one-shot weave. Following withdrawal of the weft inserters 22, 23, the pile yarn guides 95, 96 then are returned to the withdrawn position to loop the tensioned pile yarns beneath and partially around corresponding weft yarns as reed 20 beats the last-inserted weft yarns 22a, 23a against the fell of fabric F. Such dipping operation of pile yarn guides, coupled with the shogging thereof over pile formers during each pick or spaced picks of the loom, is conventional. The aforementioned Clark US. Pat. No. Re. 24,949 also discloses the use of two adjacent weftwise rows of pile yarn guides with manually adjustable, cam-operated, linkage for imparting simultaneous equal weftwise movement to both rows of pile yarn guides over pile formers, and wherein the two rows either move in the same weftwise direction in each instance or, by manual adjustment of the linkage, the two rows may move like amounts in opposite weftwise directions relative to each other. However, to our knowledge, prior looms of this type have been incapable of selectively shogging one row of pile yarn guides, at times, independently of another adjacent row, and at other times, shogging both rows of pile yarn guides unitarily, and/r shogging both rows varying distances relative to each other in accordance with a predetermined pattern and during uninterrupted weaving operation of the loom.
According to the instant invention, pattern control means are provided for selectively successively shogging the rows of pile yarn guides 95, 96 weftwise independently of each other according to a predetermined pattern such that; for example, (a) each guide in either row may be shogged across and above one or more of the pile wires or groups of ground warps as the other guide row remains stationary as to weftwise movement thereof during a given loop forming pick of the loom or during each of a series of successive loop-forming picks of the loom; (b) each pile yarn guide in either row may be shogged weftwise over a greater number of pile wires or groups of ground warps in either direction than that number of pile wires or groups of ground warps over which any given guide of the other pile yarn guide row is shogged during a given loop-forming pick or series of successive loop-forming picks of the loom; (c) both pile yarn guide rows may move simultaneously in the same or opposite directions equal amounts; and/or (d) both guide rows may move in either the same or opposite directions with respect to each other and the same or different amounts during the weaving of any given series of successive picks of the loom. Additionally, the rows of pile yarn guides are mounted for adjustment relative to the supporting means therefor so that the extent to which each row is dipped into the warp shed may be predetermined. In other words, all the pile yarns may be dipped into the shed below the path of the lowermost weft inserter 22 as in FIG. 13, or the pile yarns guided by one pile yarn guide row may be dipped into the shed below the level of the upper weft inserter 23 only, while the remaining pile yarns are dipped below the path of both weft inserters 22, 23 as shown in FIG. 14, or both rows of pile yarn guides may be dipped into the warp shed at an intermediate position to position all the pile yarns between the paths of travel of the two weft inserters 22, 23 as shown in FIG. 15.
The manner in which the pile yarn guide rows 95, 96 are supported and mounted so as to permit relative shogging movement therebetween, and the related pattern mechanism for controlling the various shogging movements of the pile yarn guides according to this invention will now be described.
As best shown in FIGS. 9, 10, 11 and 13, the upper ends of the primary and secondary rows of pile yarn guides 95, 96 are fixedly mounted in respective series of blocks 100, 101. Generally, blocks 100, 101 may be made from a suitable plastic material or metal molded about the upper portions of groups of the guides 95, 96, and each such block usually has about pile yarn guides depending therefrom. The rear face of each block 100 and the front face of each block 101 have respective elongate, substantially horizontally disposed keys or tongues 102, 103 projecting therefrom to facilitate positioning blocks 100, 101 at the desired level relative to respective front and rear, lower yarn guide support bars 104, 105, in a manner to be presently described. The support bars 104, 105 are parts of respective primary and secondary movable guide supporting frames and may take the form of rigid metal angle bars. Bars 104, 105 may be of a length about equal to the width of the fabric F being woven.
The front face of front support bar 104 and the rear face of rear support bar 105 are provided with respective pairs of vertically spaced, longitudinally extending, lower and upper, keyways or grooves 106, 107 and 108, 109 for snugly receiving therein the respective keys 102, 103 of blocks I00, 101. As shown in FIGS. 9, 11 and 13, the keys 102, 103 of blocks 100, 101 are positioned in the lower keyways 106, 108 of the respective support bars 104, I05, and the blocks 100, 101 are removably secured against the respective front and rear faces of the respective support bars 104, 105 by suitable screws 112. Thus both rows of pile yarn guides 95, 96 then occupy their lowermost positions with respect to the support bars 104, 105.
It is apparent, by referring to FIGS. 14 and 15, that either or both rows of pile yarn guides 95, 96 may be positioned to occupy relatively high positions with respect to support bars 104, 105 by positioning the keys 102, 103 of blocks 100, 101 in the upper keyways 107, 109 and securing the blocks 100, 101 in the corresponding positions with respect to support bars 104, 105 by means of the screws 112.
Referring to FIG. 13, it will be observed that, when both rows of pile yarn guides 95, 96 occupy their lowermost positions with respect to support bars 104, 105 and the pile yarn guides are dipped into the warp shed, this positions all the pile yarns A, B below the paths of both the lower and upper weft inserters 22, 23. By referring to FIG. 14, it will be seen that, when the rear row of pile yarn guides 96 occupies a relatively high position with respect to support bar 105 and the front pile yarn guides occupy the lowered position with respect to support bar 104, the pile yarns A are lowered beneath the path of lower weft inserter 22 and the pile yarns B are lowered between the paths of the weft inserters 22, 23 when the pile yarn guides 95, 96 are dipped into the shed. Referring to FIG. 15, when both rows of pile yarn guides 95, 96 occupy the relatively high position with respect to support bars 104, all the pile yarns A, B are lowered between the paths of the weft inserters 22, 23 when the pile yarn guides are dipped into the warp shed.
The extent to which the pile yarns A, B project into the base fabric may thus be varied to suit the customer. It may be desirable to have all the pile yarns A, B looped beneath the lower weft yarns 22a, as in FIGS. 13 and 13A, to enhance the appearance of the back of the pile fabric, especially when such fabric is to be used in the manufacture of carpet material which may be moved from place to place, such as throw rugs. To reduce the cost of the pile fabric, it is apparent that, by looping the pile yarns A, B between the lower and upper weft yarns 22a, 22b, as in FIGS. 15 and 15A, the length of pile yarn forming each tuft of given height above the base fabric may be less than that required to loop the pile yarns beneath the lower weft yarns 22a, as in FIGS. 13 and 13A.
The arrangement of the pile yarn guides 95, 96 shown in FIG. 14 and the resulting fabric of FIG. 14A may be particularly desirable in the event of the pile yarns of one sheet being of different size from the pile yarns of the other sheet, since in the fabrics of FIGS. 13A and 14A, relatively large pile yarns might be gripped more firmly between the adjacent weft yarns than would adjacent relatively small pile yarns. Thus, tufts of the relatively small pile yarns might be easily pulled out of the base fabric unintentionally at least until the usual backsizing material has been applied to the lower surface of the base fabric. Accordingly, in FIGS. 14 and 14A, the pile yarns A are looped beneath the lower weft yarns 22a, and the pile yarns B are looped beneath the upper weft yarns 23a and between the lower and upper weft yarns 22a, 23a. Assuming that primary pile yarns A are larger than secondary pile yarns B and that all the pile yarns A, B are larger than the ground warps, it can be seen that the lower bights of the smaller pile yarns will be gripped firmly between each respective pair of lower and upper weft yarns 22a, and 23a, and the legs of all the larger pile yarns will be gripped firmly between successive adjacent weft shots or pairs of weft yarns 22a, 23a.
By constructing the fabric as shown in any of FlGS. 13A, 11A and A, a one'shot pile fabric is produced having the weight per unit length of a conventional two'shot pile fabric woven of yarns of similar weights. Also, each of the fabrics of FIGS. 13A, MA and 15A may be woven at the same speed as a conventional one-shot fabric, but the base fabrics thereof may be nearly twice as heavy per unit length as a conventional one-shot pile fabric woven of yarns of similar weights, as is desirable.
The front and rear lower shogging support bars 111 1, 1115 are mounted for relative longitudinal movement weftwise of the loom. Accordingly, the rearwardly projecting upper flanges of the support bars 111d, 1115 are provided with respective longitudinally spaced ears or projections 114, 115 thereon penetrated by a common guide bar or rod 116 spaced between the upper flanges of support bars 191, 1115. Guide bar 116 may be suitably secured to one or more of the ears 115 and may be loosely positioned in the ears 114. Each end portion of the upper flange of front support bar 111d has the front lower portion of a substantially L-shaped crank arm 1211 suitably secured thereto, and the upper rear portions of crank arms 1211 are fixedly secured to a primary, external or tubular shogging rocker shaft 121 which extends substantially throughout the width of the loom and is mounted for both axial and angular motion in suitable bearings 122 carried by loom side frame members 91, 82 (FIGS. 2 and 5).
An internal or. secondary shogging rocker shaft 123, preferably of somewhat greater length than external rocker shaft 121, is mounted for longitudinal or axial sliding move ment within primary shogging rocker shaft 121. Each end of the upper flange of rear support bar 1115 also has a front lower portion of a crank arm 125 pivotally connected thereto which extends upwardly and rearwardly at an angle and is suitably secured to a cuff member 126 which surrounds and is mounted for longitudinal sliding movement on primary shogging rocker shaft 121. Each cuff member 126 is spaced outwardly from the adjacent crank arm 1211.
The row of secondary pile yarn guides 96 must be shogged transversely of the cloth being woven in fixed relation to secondary shaft 123. External rocker shaft 121 also must be free to move axially to shog the front or primary pile yarn guides 95 transversely of the loom relative to the rear or secondary pile yarn guides. However, both rows of pile yam guides 95, 96 are raised and lowered in unison. Therefore, means are provided for transmitting axial shogging movement from inner rocker shaft 1231 to cuff members 126 relative to external rocker shaft 121 and for transmitting pivotal or angular motion from crank arms 1211 through external rocker shaft 121 to cuff members 126. To this end, and as best shown in FIGS. 9 and 11, each cuff member 126 has one end of a composite bracket 127 welded or otherwise suitably secured thereto. Each bracket 127 extends upwardly from the cor responding cuff member 126 over and across the corresponding crank arm 1219 and then downwardly and has its inner end portion welded or otherwise suitably secured to a key member 1311. Each key member is slidably mounted in a corresponding elongate key slot 131 in external rocker shaft 121 and has its inner portion suitably secured to internal shaft 122.
In the weaving of a one-shot pile fabric, pile yam guides 95, 96 are lowered from a raised, inactive position to a lowered, active position in the warp shed in front of reed 211 (FIG. 3) and rearwardly of the paths of weft inserters 221, 241 during each rearward stroke of reed 211. Also, guides 95, 96 are returned to inactive position above the level of reed 29 and warps C1, C2, 8 during each beat-up stroke of reed 211. Accordingly, the upper end of a link 1133 is pivotally connected to each crank arm 1211 (FIGS. 2, 31, 9 and 11) and has its lower end pivotally connected to a corresponding crank arm 13141. Crank arms 1% extend forwardly from links 13131 and are fixedly mounted on reed rocker shaft 72. Thus, the reed oscillating cam 75 also serves to lower and raise the pile yarn guides 95, 96 during respective rearward and forward or beat-up strokes of reed 211.
If the desired fabric is to be a two-shot weave or a three-shot weave, separate cams may be used for oscillating the reed and moving the pile yarn guides 95, 96 into and out of the warp shed so that the guides will be dipped into and out of the shed during alternate picks only or during every third pick only of the loom.
lPattern means is provided for shogging the primary and secondary pile yarn guide rocker shafts 121, 1231 longitudinally of their axis to effect corresponding shogging movements of pile yarn guides 95, 96 while they occupy raised positions above the level of pile wires or formers 241. Such pattern means is shown in the form of a dual pattern mechanism comprising two substantially identical, but oppositely positioned, first and second or primary and secondary pattern heads broadly designated at 14111, M11. Primary pattern head M9 is carried by and extends outwardly from side frame member 91 adjacent one end of the shogging rocker shafts 121, 123 (FIG. 2) and secondary pattern head 1 111 is carried by and extends outwardly from loom side frame member 112 adjacent the other end of shogging rocker shafts 121, 123. Since both the primary and secondary pattern heads 1111, 1419 may be of identical construction, except being opposite hand to each other, only the primary pattern head 1 16 will be described in detail, and similar parts of secondary pattern head 14111 shall bear the same characters, where applicable, in order to avoid repetitive description.
As best shown in FIGS. 1 and 5, each pattern head 1 111 comprises a composite carriage 1411 mounted for inward and outward substantially horizontal movement. on a pair of slide bars 1 12, 143 whose inner ends are suitably secured to a plate 141 1 secured to side frame member 91 of the loom. Slide bars 142, 1413 also are carried by an outboard plate 145 secured to suitable braces 1 16 which extend downwardly and inwardly in FIGS. 2 and 1 and are suitably secured. to the corresponding loom side frame member 81. Inner and outer pattern shafts 1511, 151 are journaled in pairs of bearings 152, 153 suitably secured to opposing side rails of carriage M1. Substantially rectangular sprocket wheels 155, 156 are fixed on shaft 1511, 151 and are engaged by an endless pattern member or pattern chain 157.
Each link of pattern chain 157 is in the form of a substan tially flat rectangular plate and has a pair of pattern lugs 1611, 161 removably secured to and projecting outwardly therefrom. Thus, pattern chain 157 has two rows of pattern lugs thereon, one for each shogging rocker shaft 121, 123. The pattern lugs 1611, 161 may be threaded into or otherwise removably secured to corresponding links of pattern chain 157. As each successive pair of pattern lugs 166, 161 occupies a ready position adjacent the then inner surface of the inner sprocket wheel 155, corresponding lugs 1611, 161 are aligned substantially with, and are adapted to be moved inwardly to active position against, the respective primary and secondary shogging rocker shafts 121, 1211. Accordingly, the lugs 1611 may be termed as primary lugs and the lugs 161 may be termed as secondary lugs.
Means are provided for moving carriage 1 11 inwardly from a normally inactive position to an active position during that portion of each corresponding pick of the loom in which pile yarn guides 95, 96 occupy withdrawn position above the level of the pile wires or formers 2 1. During the course of each such inward movement of carriage 1 11, pattern chain 15'! moves inwardly with carriage 1411 to move the then innermost or ready pair of pattern lugs 1611, 161 into engagement with the corresponding ends of shogging rocker shafts 121, 123, as will be more fully described hereinafter.
To effect movement of carriage 1411, opposing sides of carriage M1 are provided with vertically grooved blocks 163 engaged by respective followers 16 on the lower ends of follower arms 165. Medial portions of follower arms 165 have respective followers 166 thereon positioned in the grooves of respective face cams 167. The upper ends of follower arms 165 are mounted on opposing end portions of a shaft 170 (FIG. 4) joumaled in bearings 171 carried by a pair of brackets 172 suitably secured to and projecting outwardly from side frame member 81. Face cams 167 are fixedly mounted on a camshaft 173 journaled in brackets 172. The rear end of camshaft 173 is connected to the output side of a suitable gear unit 175.
As best shown in FIG. 12, both gear units 175 of the two pattern heads 140, 140' are interconnected by a shaft 176 connecting one output portion of the gear unit 175 of secondary pattern head 140 to the input side of gear unit 175 of primary pattern head 140. The input shaft of gear unit 175 of secondary pattern head 140 is driven from the main camshaft 52 through intervening sprocket wheels 180-183 and corresponding endless sprocket chains 184, 185. It will be observed in FIG. 12 that a jackshaft 187, on which sprocket wheels 181, 182 are fixedly mounted, also has a sprocket wheel 190 fixed thereon engaged by a sprocket chain 191 drivingly connected to the main pattern device or jacquard mechanism 85 so that the operation of the main pattern device is maintained in proper relation to the operating components of the loom, including the shogging pattern heads 140, 140. It is apparent that the cams 167 associated with each shogging pattern head 140, 140' are driven to rotate a single revolution during each pick of the loom so as to impart an inward stroke and then an outward stroke to each carriage 141 and its respective pattern chain 157 each time that the pile yarn guides 95, 96 are withdrawn upwardly out of the ground warp shed. Both pattern carriages 141 move inwardly at the same time and move outwardly at the same time.
As will be later described, the pattern lugs in each row extending longitudinally of pattern chain 157 are of varying thicknesses or effective heights relative to each other, according to the desired pattern of pile loops of different aesthetic characteristics to be formed in the fabric. Such different aesthetic characteristics may include different colors, textures, twists, or other characteristics of certain pile yarns relative to other pile yarns such as to produce certain pile loops of different or contrasting appearance with respect to other adjacent pile loops in the fabric being woven.
Means are provided for imparting a stepwise movement to each pattern chain 157 during each pick of the loom. Since sprocket wheel 155 (FIG. 7) is of rectangular configuration, a quarter revolution may be imparted to shaft 150 during each outward stroke of carriage 141. Accordingly, a rotor or disc 194 (FIGS. and 8) is fixed on shaft 150 and has four equally circularly spaced pins 195 projecting axially therefrom which are adapted to be engaged, one at a time, by the hook 196 of a main indexing pawl or latch 197 (FIG. 8) during each or certain selected outward strokes of carriage 141. The inner end of indexing pawl 197 is pivotally mounted on an angle bracket 200 suitably secured to plate 144.
A cam surface 201 on indexing pawl 197 normally rests against one of the pins 195 so that, during each inward stroke of carriage 141, the latter pin 195 slides against cam surface 201 until such pin 195 moves inwardly beyond the hook 196 of indexing pawl 197, during the corresponding movement of disc 194 and shaft 150 with carriage 141, to the dotted line position of FIG. 8. Thereupon, hook 196 drops into registration with the latter pin 195 so that, during the next succeeding outward stroke of carriage 141, the latter pin 195 is engaged by hook 196 and substantially a quarter revolution is thus imparted to pattern chain 157 by the time the carriage 141 has reached the fully inactive position.
To ensure that the succeeding link of pattern chain 157 and the corresponding lugs 160, 161 thereon are properly located in the ready position for subsequent engagement with the adjacent ends of shogging rocker shafts 121, 123, shaft 150 also has a substantially rectangular block 203 fixed thereon, provided with chamfered corners, and against the successive peripheral surfaces of which a pad 204 on a locking arm 205 is biased by a tension spring 206 (FIG. 6). Locking arm 205 is pivotally mounted, as at 207, on an inner portion of carriage 141. The inner end of tension spring 206 is connected to the upper end of locking arm 205, and the outer end of tension spring 206 is connected to a spring anchor rod 210 which loosely penetrates a post 211 carried by carriage 141. A nut 212 is threaded onto the front portion of spring anchor rod 210 to facilitate adjusting the pressure applied to rectangular block 203 by tension spring 206.
As long as main indexing pawl 197 occupies operative position with respect to the pins 195 of disc 194, a quarter revolution will be imparted to pattern chain 157, in a forward direction, during each successive outward stroke of carriage 141. However, main indexing pawl 197 is connected by a cord or cable 215 to main pattern device so that the main pattern device may raise pawl 197 out of operative relation to rotor pins 195 to enlarge upon the patterning capacity of each pattern chain 157 without the necessity of increasing the length thereof. Since it is unlikely that a particular pattern of pile loops being formed would ever call for both rows of pile yam guides to remain in the same positions with respect to the weftwise direction during formation of any two immediately successive weftwise rows of pile loops, an auxiliary, pattern reversing, indexing pawl 216 is raised from a normally inoperative position into operative relation to rotor pins 195 (FIG. 8) whenever main indexing pawl 197 is raised to inoperative position.
Auxiliary indexing pawl 216 is of similar construction to pawl 197 and it is also pivotally mounted on angle bracket 200. A link 217 interconnects indexing pawls 197, 216. The hook 218 on the outer portion of pawl 218 is adapted to engage a corresponding pin 195 on rotor 194 to impart a reverse stepwise movement of one-quarter of a revolution to pattern chain 157 during each outward stroke of carriage 147 occurring during such times as main indexing pawl 197 is withdrawn or raised to inoperative position. Thus, it can be seen that each pattern chain 157 may be moved alternatively in the forward and reverse directions and with one of such movements occurring during each pick of the loom.
As heretofore stated, the pattern lugs 160, 161 forming each row on each pattern chain 157 are of varying heights or thicknesses according to the desired pattern of pile loops to be formed in the fabric. There are instances, however, in which two or more immediately successive lugs brought into ready position in a given row may be of the same effective height, such as in the weaving of multishot pile fabrics or in floating corresponding pile yarns. Whenever there is a variation in the height of two immediately successive lugs in either row of each pattern chain 157, the difference in the height of such two immediately successive lugs may be termed as one gauge or a multiple thereof.
The term gauge" is used herein to indicate that distance between the centers of any two immediately adjacent pile wires or pile formers 24. In some instances, but not in all instances, the loom would be provided with the same number of pile yarn guides 95, 96 in each row as there are pile formers 24. Obviously, the gauge of the pile fabric F being produced also indicates that distance between centers of two immediately adjacent warpwise rows of pile loops, the gauge of most carpet fabrics being about three-sixteenths inch to one-fourth inch. In the particular portions of fabrics shown in FIGS. 13A, 14A and 15A, a group of three ground warps, each group including one of each of the warps C1, C2, S, is positioned between each adjacent pair of warpwise rows of pile loops and, accordingly, the gauge of the fabric also may be defined as that distance between the centers of two immediately ad jacent groups of ground warps defining a warpwise row of loops therebetween.
In weaving some fabrics, such as that shown at F-a in FIG. 23, one or more pile yarns are threaded through each pile yarn guide 95, 96, there is a pile former 24 corresponding to each group of ground warps, and there is a pile yarn guide and a pile yarn guide 96 corresponding to each pile former 24.
Other pile fabrics may be woven by omitting alternate pile yarn guides in each row or, preferably, by simply omitting alternate pile yarns in each sheet A, B so that one or more-ends of pile yarn A are threaded through each alternate primary guide 95, and one or more ends of pile yarn B are threaded through each intervening secondary guide 96. In either event, and as is preferred, the guides 95 through which pile yarns A extend are arranged in alternating relation to the guides 96 through which pile yarns B extend. There are other instances in which it may be desirable to omit pile formers 24 and corresponding pile yarns A, B at certain weftwise spaced groups of ground warps and to arrange the loop pattern so that none of the pile yarns will cross over such certain spaced groups of ground warps. Thus, when the pile fabric is being installed in a building, it may be cut along such certain spaced groups of ground warps, as needed, without cutting any pile loops of the fabric.
FIGS. and 23-35 illustrate schematically some of the many different loop pile patterns which may be produced on the loom by appropriate arrangements of the pattern lugs 160, 1611 on the chains 157 of pattern heads ll tltl, 140'. An illustrative pattern arrangement of lugs I60, 161 will now be given with reference to the fabric F-a shown in FIG. 2.3. Although certain immediately successive lugs in either row may be of the same effective height, and although there normally is only one gauge difference in the relative height between any two adjacent pattern lugs 160 or I61, it is important to note that any given series of the lugs in each row may be of progressive ly increasing or progressively decreasing heights. To explain further, assume, for illustrative purposes, that the majority of the pile yarns of each set A, B are grey and that the yarns A, B extending through the centerrnost pile yarn guides 95, 96 in each row are of different colors; e.g., red and blue. Assume further that zero-gauge indicates the optimum or centermost position of the respective rows of pile yarn guides 95, 96. Many forms of pattern lines of red and blue pile loops may be interspersed with the grey background loops of the fabric by various arrangements of the pattern lugs I60, 1611 on each pattern chain 157, it being understood that lugs 160, 161 of secondary pattern head 1410 must complement the pattern lugs of primary pattern head Mt).
More specifically, in the portion of pile fabric Fa shown schematically in FIG. 23, the straight vertical lines each represent a group of ground warps Cll, C2, S and the straight horizontal lines each represent a weft shot each of which may include the two-strand upper and lower weft yarns 22a, 230 (FIG. 113A). To foml fabric section F-I of FIG. 23, the lugs of a first series of pattern lugs in each row are arranged in alternating one-gauge and zero-gauge heights with both lugs I60, 1161 of each pattern chain link in the series being of the same height in each instance. Thus, during alternate pile-forming picks of the loom, both rows of pile yam guides 95, 96 will be shogged simultaneously the same distance and in the same weftwise direction with each pile yarn guide being shogged above and across a single corresponding pile wire or former 24L Also through intervening pile-forming picks of the loom both rows of pile yarn guides will be shogged simultaneously the same distance and together in the opposite weftwise direction with each pile yarn guide being shogged above and across the same respective single pile wire or former 24. Following each such shogging motion of the pile yarn guides 95, 96 the eyelets of the pile yarn guides are dipped into the warp shed, a weft shot then is inserted in the warp shed over the pile yarns, and the pile yarn guides are withdrawn from the warp shed as the reed beats the corresponding weft shot against the fell of the fabric. This will fon'n double parallel loops of complementary pairs of pile yarns A, B throughout fabric section F-I.
To distinguish the pile loops formed from primary pile yarns A from the pile loops formed from secondary pile yarns B in FIG. 23, each pile loop formed from a primary pile yam A is not shaded, and each pile loop formed from a secondary pile yarn B is shaded by diagonal lines. Also, the effect or contrasting pile loops formed from the red and blue pile yarns A, B of the respective sheets A, B are shown in heavy lines as compared to the background loops formed from the grey pile yarns. Thus, it can be seen that the parallel double loops of effect yarns A, B define a zigzag line or row of red and blue pile loops warpwise along the center of fabric section FI in FIG. 23.
In order to form the third fabric section F-El of FIG. 23, it is necessary, in producing the illustrated patterns, to first cross each one of the pile yarns of one sheet over a corresponding pile wire 2A, or at least over a corresponding group of ground warps, without crossing the pile yarns of the other sheet over the pile wires or groups of ground warps. In other words, the primary row of pile yarn guides would remain in a fixed vertical plane during shogging of the secondary row of pile yarn guides 96. Thus, a second fabric section lF-Z is formed in which the blue yarn lB' crosses over the centerrnost pile wire 24 as the red yarn A remains on one side of the same pile wire and is formed as a float beneath or within the base fabric. The second fabric section may embrace several weftwise rows of loops or, as shown, a single weftwise row of loops. In this instance, a single link of pattern head M9 having a zero-gauge lug 16th and a one-gauge lug 1611 thereon, would be moved into ready position, assuming that both of the lugs I160, 11611 of the immediately preceding link previously occupying ready position were of zero-gauge height. Upon forming the weftwise row of loops in fabric section F-Z, each pile yarn guide 95 is now positioned adjacent the opposite side of each respective pile wire 24 from that of the respective pile yarn guides 96, preparatory to forming the third fabric section F-El.
In forming the third fabric section F-3l (FIG. 23), a third set or series of pattern lugs in each row is again arranged in alternating zero-gauge and one-gauge heights, but with the lugs of each pattern chain link in such third series being of relatively different heights. That is, the first lug of the third series would be one-gauge and the first lug 1611 of the third series would be zero-gauge. The second lugs I60, I61 of the third series would be zero-gauge and one-gauge, respectively etc. Therefore, each primary pile yarn guide 95 and its pile yarn A then will be shogged in one weftwise direction above and across a single respective pile wire or pile former 24, and each secondary pile yarn guide 96 will be shogged a like amount in the opposite weftwise direction during alternate picks of the loom and the direction of shogging the respective pile yarn guides 95, 96 will be reversed during each intervening pick of the loom. Here again, at the end of each shogging stroke of the pile yarn guides 95, 96 in each direction, the pile yarn guides will be dipped into and then out of the warp shed. Thus, the arrangement of the third series of pattern lugs as described will result in the formation of warpwise rows of loops in which the loops formed of pile yarns A may extend. diagonally across the loops formed of the respective pile yarns B. It is apparent that the red and blue yams A, B then would form a single warpwise row of crisscrossing double loops along a corresponding central portion of the fabric section F-3 with each red loop crossing a blue loop. Generally, the pile yarns A are guided over the pile yarns B because of the relative positions of the guides 95, 96 as shown in FIGS. 113, M and 15.
It is apparent that in weaving a one-shot pile fabric the first and third series of pattern lugs I69, I611 may, in each instance, comprise only two adjacent links of each pattern chain 157 being alternatively moved into ready position by alternating the position of the two indexing pawls I97, 216 (FIG. 8) from pick to pick of the loom under control of main pattern device 55.
As heretofore stated, the pattern lugs I69, T61 of secondary pattern head M0 must complement the pattern lugs 169, 1l6ll of primary pattern head Mil. To explain further in this respect, whenever either row of pile yarn guides 95, 96 is to be shogged to the right in FIG. 9, this is effected by shogging the respective shogging rocker shafts 11211, 123 to the right in FIG. 5. Conversely, whenever either row of pile yarn guides 95, 96 is to be shogged to the left in FIG. 9, this is accomplished by