US3636957A - Cigar smoke filter and method for improving the quality of cigar smoke - Google Patents

Cigar smoke filter and method for improving the quality of cigar smoke Download PDF

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US3636957A
US3636957A US3636957DA US3636957A US 3636957 A US3636957 A US 3636957A US 3636957D A US3636957D A US 3636957DA US 3636957 A US3636957 A US 3636957A
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cigar
activated carbon
smoke
filter
percent
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Charles M Saffer Jr
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Charles M Saffer Jr
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/06Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/16Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters of inorganic materials
    • A24D3/163Carbon

Abstract

Improving the taste and flavor of cigar smoke which involves using a filter employing an activated carbon filter material having a high-adsorptive capacity for the volatile organic components of cigar smoke and particularly between about 0.04 and 0.17 weight parts per weight part of tobacco of activated carbon filter material having a pore volume of at least about 0.3 cm.3/gm. in the pore diameter range from about 10 to 40 angstrom units and containing between about 8 percent and 35 percent by weight of adsorbed moisture.

Description

tried States Patent Salter, .11".

[15] 1 .Ian. 25,

[ CIGAR SMOKE FILTER AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF CIGAR SMOKE [21] Appl. No.: 121,521

Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 728,314, May 10,

1968, abandoned.

[52] 111.8. CI. ..13l/l0 R, 131/10.7, 131/266, 131/9 [51] Int. Cl. ..A24b 15/02 [58] FieldotSearch ..131/10,10.1,261-269 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,968,305 1/1961 Barnett ..131/265 3,236,244 2/1966 Irby et a1 3,251,365 5/1966 Keith et a1...

3,339,557 9/1967 Karalus ..131/10.1 X

Sublett et al ..13l/266 X 3,390,686 7/1968 lrby et a1 ..131/10.1

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 932,570 7/1963 Great Britain ..13l/262- OTHER PUBLICATIONS Witco Chemical Co., N.Y.C., Abstracts (publication) Activated Carbon Abstracts, article entitled Adsorption Processes" by J. W. Carter, p. 14, Spring 1967.

Primary Examiner-Melvin D. Rein Attorney-Wallenstein, Spangenberg, Hattis & Strampel [57] ABSTRACT Improving the taste and flavor of cigar smoke which involves using a filter employing an activated carbon filter material having a high-adsorptive capacity for the volatile organic components of cigar smoke and particularly between about 0.04 and 0.17 weight parts per weight part of tobacco of activated carbon filter material having a pore volume of at least about 0.3 em /gm. in the pore diameter range from about 10 to 40 angstrom units and containing between about 8 percent and 35 percent by weight of adsorbed moisture.

2 Claims, N0 Drawings CHGAIR SMOKE FllLTlEllt AND METHOD :FOR IMPROVING THE QUAlLllTY k QIIGAR SMOKE This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 728,314, filed May 10, 1968 now abandoned.

This invention relates to the filtering of tobacco smoke and more particularly to certain activated-carbon filtering materials for removing undesirable volatile organic constituents from cigar tobacco smoke and the like to improve the flavor of the smoke, and to afford a means of introducing moisture into the smoking article and the smoke.

It has long been recognized that activated carbon has a certain utility as a filter material for tobacco smoke, being nontoxic and inexpensive and having a high absorptive capacity for the noxious elements of tobacco smoke. Various tobacco filter elements using activated carbon and other materials have been proposed as disclosed, for instance, in US. Pat. Nos. 1,985,840; 2,792,006; 2,933,420; 2,988,088; 3,054,410; 3,236,244; 3,251,365, and 3,319,629. Such filters and filter materials, generally speaking, are concerned chiefly with the elimination of tar and other undesirable materials from tobacco smoke. it has been noted in U.S. Pat. Nos. 1,985,840 and 3,251,365, however, that when highly adsorbing materials such as activated carbon are incorporated in a tobacco smoke filter in sufficient quantities to reduce significantly the levels of undesirable smoke constituents, the taste and flavor of the smoke are adversely affected. Hence, a careful balance has had to be attained between maximum removal of harmful materials and minimum alteration of taste.

in accordance with the present invention, 1 have discovered that the taste and flavor of cigar smoke can be substantially improved by using filtering material for said tobacco smoke comprising certain activated carbons hereinafter described. The said filtering materials not only remove undesirable constituents from tobacco smoke but also afford a means for introducing advantageous quantities of moisture into the smoke and the smoking article.

it is known that activated carbons differ markedly in various of their adsorption characteristics, these differences being not only dependent upon the physical form of the carbon, but, even more so, on the method of manufacturing and the source and type of raw material from which the activated carbon is prepared.

The report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the US. Public Health Service, Smoking and Health," Public Health Service Publication No. l 103, advises on p. 61 that activated carbons differ markedly in their adsorption characteristics. Carbon filters previously employed in cigarettes do not have the specific power to scrub the gas phase." While most varieties of activated carbon will adsorb certain constituents found in tobacco smoke, it has been found, pursuant to the present invention, that optimum adsorption of the volatile organic components of the smoke is realized by the use of only certain activated carbons which have the pore size distribution requisite to efficient adsorption over the entire spectrum of the many molecular configurations in the smoke.

Activated Carbon is a complex network of pores of varied shapes and sizes, the pore sizes ranging from diameters of less than A. to over 100,000 A. The pore size distributions will depend to a great extent on the raw material source and on the method and extent of activation. The power of activated carbon to adsorb the volatile organic components, i.e., gas or vapor phase, and/or the nongaseous liquid phase constituents of cigar smoke is definitely related to the pore volume and the pore diameter distribution within the carbon.

A typical analysis of the pore diameter and pore volume distribution of activated carbon samples derived from petroleum base and lignite base raw materials is summarized in table 1 and points out the variations that can be generally expected between gas phase and liquid phase carbons.

TABLE 1 Pore Volume Distribution Liquid phase carbon Lignite base Gas phase carbon Pore diameter Petroleum base The activated carbons suitable for use in accordance with the practice of the present invention are those carbons having a pore volume of at least about 0.25 cmt lg. and preferably at least about 0.3 cm. /g. in the pore diameter range of between about 10 A. and 40 A. Such activated carbons have been found to exhibit an unusually high adsorptive capacity for those volatile components of cigar smoke which impart an unpleasant taste or flavor to cigar smoke, and, thus, are most advantageously employed as a filter material for improvement of the taste and flavor of cigar smoke. Petroleum-based materials are generally the most desirable source for said activated carbons, which can be prepared by any one of various known procedures.

Activated carbons suitable for use in accordance with the present invention generally contain small amounts of adsorbed moisture as a result of normal contact with the atmosphere. However, it has been discovered, further, that it is particularly advantageous to humidify the activated carbon to the extent that said carbon contains from about 8 percent to about 35 percent by weight and, better yet, between about 20 percent and 30 percent by weight of adsorbed moisture based on the weight of the activated carbon. Activated carbon which has been so humidified not only has been found to remove certain objectionable volatile organic constituents from cigar smoke effectively, thereby improving its flavor and taste, but, further, the taste is improved by said addition of moisture. Still another advantage derived from the humidification of the activated carbon pursuant to the present invention is the maintenance of freshness and softness of the smoking article for extended periods when the humidified activated-carbon filter material is packaged as an integral part of the smoking article.

illustrative of the effectiveness of the activated carbon cigar smoke filter material of the present invention in removing volatile organic constituents from cigar tobacco smoke are the results summarized in table 11 obtained from a laboratory smoking machine."

TABLE 11 Wt. of tobacco Puffs Wt. of carbon in smoking 5-13 14-22 23-30 Avg. in filter (g) Article (3) Total Organic Volatiles A pufltaken every minute; alternate puffs measured.

"Total organic volatiles expressed as equivalent i1: methane.

about 50 percent of the volatile organic material from the cigar smoke, determined that a mild, pleasant smoke was obtained of improved quality over that of the unfiltered cigar.

It has been found advantageous to employ activated carbon as hereinabove described as a filter material for cigar smoke in accordance with the practice of the present invention in amounts ranging between about 0.04 and 0.17 and preferably between about 0.1 and 0.15 weight parts of carbon per weight part of cigar tobacco. Cigar filters utilizing activated carbon in accordance with the present invention may be prepared in various ways well known in the art. The filter, for example, may be prepared from very finely divided carbon combined with cellulose acetate to form a filter plug, or coarse granules of carbon may be retained in a filter tip between two wads of cellulose acetate, cotton and the like, or incorporated in one end of a cigar by rolling the tobacco leaf around it during the cigar manufacture.

Evaluation of the taste and flavor of cigar smoke by a taste panel of five members experienced in the art of describing and evaluating the taste and aroma of tobacco smoke was carried out generally according to the description in Perfumery and Essential Oil Record, 49,130 (1958) and in an article by E. l. Salzman in Bulletin Corseta, No. 1961-1. Each member of the panel evaluated the desirable, i.e., sweet fragrance and smoothness, and undesirable taste elements, i.e., bitter taste and irritation, on a scale of 1 to 5 where 1 indicates the taste and flavor of unfiltered smoke and 5 indicates substantial improvement in taste and flavor. The average of the numerical ratings by the panel members is calculated and recorded as the Taste Panel Rating. The panel also evaluated the draw resistance for each sample since this is another significant factor in smoker enjoyment and acceptance, and recorded their determination as satisfactory (S) or unsatisfactory (U).

The following examples are given by way of illustration and not of limitation.

Two styles of cigars available to the public were used in this example. One style weighed 9 grams and is hereinafter called H, the other style weighed 3.5 grams and is hereinafter called L. A plastic cigar holder capable of holding each size of cigar was used as a retainer for the activated carbon filter material.

The following samples were prepared:

1.11: A 9-gram cigar inserted in cigar holder without any filter material.

IL: A 3.5-gram cigar inserted in cigar holder without any filter material.

21-1: A 9-gram cigar inserted in cigar holder containing 1.25 grams of activated carbon which consisted of 1 gram of activated carbon and 0.25 gram of adsorbed moisture. The activated carbon used in this sample had a pore volume of 0.380 cm. /g. in the pore diameter range of 10 to 40 A. and is available under the Trade Name WITCO GRADE 637.

2L: A 3.5-gram cigar inserted in a cigar holder containing 0.5 gram of activated carbon which consisted of 0.4 gram of carbon and 0.1 gram of adsorbed moisture. The activated carbon used is sample 2H was used in this sample.

3H: A 9-gram cigar inserted in cigar holder containing 2.5 grams of the activated carbon which consisted of 2 grams of the activated carbon of sample 2H and 0.5 gram of adsorbed moisture.

4H: A 9-gram cigar inserted in cigar holder containing 0.6

gram of activated carbon consisting of 0.5 gram of the activated carbon of sample 2H and 0.1 gram of adsorbed moisture.

5H: A 9-gram cigar inserted in cigar holder containing 1.25

grams of activated carbon consisting of 1 gram of activated carbon have a pore volume of 0.190 cm. /g. in the pore diameter range of 10 to 40 A. and 0.25 gram of adsorbed moisture.

6H: A 9-gram cigar inserted in cigar holder containing 2.5

grams of activated carbon consisting of 2 grams of the activated carbon of sample 5H and 0.5 gram of adsorbed moisture. 7H: A 9-gram cigar inserted in cigar holder containing 1 gram of the dry-activated carbon of sample 2H. Results of the taste panel evaluation of the samples of this example are given in table 111.

TABLE 111 Sample 1H IL 2H 2L 3H 4H 5H 6H 7H Smoke quality 1 l 5 S 3 3 2 2 4 Draw Resistance S S S S U S S U S The filter material of the present invention, a gas-phase activated carbon, is markedly superior to the liquid phase type of activated carbon for improving the taste and flavor of cigar smoke and such improvement can be realized without adversely affecting the draw resistance of the cigars.

Although various embodiments have been described in the foregoing discussion and experiments for purpose of illustration, many modifications will occur to those skilled in the art and can be made without departing from the scope of this invention except as is limited in the appended claims.

1 claim:

1. In combination with a cigar, a filter section attached to one end of said cigar, said filter section comprising an activated carbon filter material having a pore volume of at least about 0.25 cm. per gram in the pore diameter range of from about 10 to 40 A., the weight ratio of the activated carbon in the filter ranging between 0.04 and 0.17 parts of activated carbon per weight part of tobacco, the activated carbon in said filter section containing between 8 percent and 35 percent of adsorbed moisture.

2. The method of improving the taste and flavor of cigar smoke which comprises conducting the cigar smoke from a burning cigar through a filter section, said filter section comprising an activated carbon filter material having a pore volume of at least about 0.25 cm. per gram in the pore diameter range of from about 10 to 40 A., the weight ratio of the activated carbon in the filter ranging between 0.04 and 0.17 parts of activated carbon per weight part of tobacco, the activated carbon in said filter section containing between 8 percent and 35 percent of adsorbed moisture.

Claims (1)

  1. 2. The method of improving the taste and flavor of cigar smoke which comprises conducting the cigar smoke from a burning cigar through a filter section, said filter section comprising an activated carbon filter material having a pore volume of at least about 0.25 cm.3 per gram in the pore diameter range of from about 10 to 40 A., the weight ratio of the activated carbon in the filter ranging between 0.04 and 0.17 parts of activated carbon per weight part of tobacco, the activated carbon in said filter section containing between 8 percent and 35 percent of adsorbed moisture.
US3636957D 1971-03-05 1971-03-05 Cigar smoke filter and method for improving the quality of cigar smoke Expired - Lifetime US3636957A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4205658A1 (en) * 1992-02-25 1993-08-26 Reemtsma H F & Ph ventilated filter
US20030005940A1 (en) * 2000-11-28 2003-01-09 Dyakonov Alexander J. Smoking article including a selective carbon monoxide pump
GB2395650A (en) * 2002-11-27 2004-06-02 Filtrona Int Ltd Activated carbon cigarette filter

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2968305A (en) * 1957-08-12 1961-01-17 Filtox S A Filter cigarette
GB932570A (en) * 1960-11-17 1963-07-31 British American Tobacco Co Improvements relating to tobacco smoke filters
US3236244A (en) * 1961-09-19 1966-02-22 American Tobacco Co Tobacco smoke filter element
US3251365A (en) * 1963-03-04 1966-05-17 Ii Charles H Keith Tobacco smoke filter
US3339557A (en) * 1965-03-12 1967-09-05 Lew W Karalus Cigarette and smoke filter and flavor means
US3381070A (en) * 1964-09-08 1968-04-30 Eastman Kodak Co Method of producing a filter element
US3390686A (en) * 1965-12-21 1968-07-02 American Tobacco Co Tobacco smoke filter element

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2968305A (en) * 1957-08-12 1961-01-17 Filtox S A Filter cigarette
GB932570A (en) * 1960-11-17 1963-07-31 British American Tobacco Co Improvements relating to tobacco smoke filters
US3236244A (en) * 1961-09-19 1966-02-22 American Tobacco Co Tobacco smoke filter element
US3251365A (en) * 1963-03-04 1966-05-17 Ii Charles H Keith Tobacco smoke filter
US3381070A (en) * 1964-09-08 1968-04-30 Eastman Kodak Co Method of producing a filter element
US3339557A (en) * 1965-03-12 1967-09-05 Lew W Karalus Cigarette and smoke filter and flavor means
US3390686A (en) * 1965-12-21 1968-07-02 American Tobacco Co Tobacco smoke filter element

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Witco Chemical Co., N.Y.C., Abstracts (publication) Activated Carbon Abstracts, article entitled Adsorption Processes by J. W. Carter, p. 14, Spring 1967. *

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4205658A1 (en) * 1992-02-25 1993-08-26 Reemtsma H F & Ph ventilated filter
US20030005940A1 (en) * 2000-11-28 2003-01-09 Dyakonov Alexander J. Smoking article including a selective carbon monoxide pump
GB2395650A (en) * 2002-11-27 2004-06-02 Filtrona Int Ltd Activated carbon cigarette filter
WO2004047571A2 (en) * 2002-11-27 2004-06-10 Filtrona International Limited Tobacco smoke filter
WO2004047571A3 (en) * 2002-11-27 2004-09-16 Filtrona Int Ltd Tobacco smoke filter
GB2395650B (en) * 2002-11-27 2005-09-07 Filtrona Int Ltd Tobacco smoke filter
US20060130856A1 (en) * 2002-11-27 2006-06-22 Mccormack Anthony D Tobacco smoke filter
CN100475066C (en) 2002-11-27 2009-04-08 菲尔特隆纳国际有限公司 Tobacco smoke filter
US8402977B2 (en) 2002-11-27 2013-03-26 Filtrona International Limited Tobacco smoke filter

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