US3632149A - Connection for prefabricated sheets - Google Patents

Connection for prefabricated sheets Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3632149A
US3632149A US3632149DA US3632149A US 3632149 A US3632149 A US 3632149A US 3632149D A US3632149D A US 3632149DA US 3632149 A US3632149 A US 3632149A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
spaced
members
defined
structural assembly
portions
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Gustav Konig
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUSTAV KONIG
Original Assignee
GUSTAV KONIG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DEK0061168 priority Critical
Application filed by GUSTAV KONIG filed Critical GUSTAV KONIG
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3632149A publication Critical patent/US3632149A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/6166Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with protrusions on both frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/617Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with protrusions on both frontal surfaces with one protrusion on each frontal surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/20Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products of plastics
    • E04C2/205Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products of plastics of foamed plastics, or of plastics and foamed plastics, optionally reinforced

Abstract

A building or structural assembly comprising boards held in spaced relationship between one another by connection plates and/or spacing material wherein the edges of the boards have undulated or wavy formations which are matched with similar undulations and formations of the connecting plates, said connecting plates being joined with the boards by the matching of the undulations by any suitable means such as screws, rivets or adhesives. A covering may be provided over the undulations of the boards and connecting plates to give the appearance of a plain smooth wall surface. The connection plates may also be formed and provide for latterly extending window constructions, at least one of which may be hingeable to the wall structure and guide surfaces for slidable doors. The boards may be press-formed with spacing material and the connection plates can be press-formed therewith.

Description

United States Patent [72] Inventor Gustav Konig Doll'ingen, Knpeller l ergstnjz WifiiliefgTGermany [2]] Appl. No. 696,571 [22] Filed Jan. 9, 1968 [45] Patented Jan. 4, 1912 [32] Priority Jan. 14, 19,67 [33] Germany [3 l K 61168 [54] CONNECTION FOR PREFABRICATED SHEETS 12 Claims, 13 Drawing Figs.

[52] US. Cl 287/ 189.36 B,

52/582 [51] Int. Cl. Fl6b 5/00 [50] Field otSearch 287/189.35, 189.36 D, 20.92 K, 20.92 C, 20.92 D; 52/586, 585, 489, 458, 589, 509, 582, 496

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,263,355 11/1941 Fould 52/582 X .2151/222291 5 2,414,628 1/1947 Battin......

Primary Examiner-David J. Williamowsky Assistant Examiner-Wayne L. Shedd Attorney-Spencer & Kaye ABSTRACT: A building or structural assembly comprising boards held in spaced relationship between one another by 1 connection plates and/or spacing material wherein the edges of the boards have undulated or wavy formations which are matched with similar undulations and formations of the connecting plates, said connecting plates being joined with the boards by the matching of the undulations by any suitable means such as screws, rivets or adhesives. A covering may be provided over the undulations of the boards and connecting plates to give the appearance of a plain smooth wall surface. The connection plates may also be formed and provide for latterly extending window constructions, at least one of which may be hingeable to the wall structure and guide surfaces for slidable doors. The boards may be press formed with spacing material and the connection plates can be press-formed therewith.

PATENTEUJAN 4m V I 316321149 mi 1 qr 3 INVENTOR .7

GUSTAV w'kw'a CONNECTION FOR PREFABRICATED SHEETS This invention relates to a building or structural assembly, and more particularly to a connection for prefabricated boards with special edges which are engaged by corresponding parts of connection plates.

The prefabricated boards at present used in the building industry, particularly in the construction of prefabricated buildings, are fastened by means of tongue and groove connections or by clamping adjacent opposing flanges directly to each other, whereby in the first case the connection lies within the edge of the board and in the second case outside said edge. In both cases joints and tensions can arise in the boards, depending upon temperature oscillations, and this necessitates expensive scaling measures at the joined edges. Tension peaks result at the recesses by the angular rabbet and flange recesses respectiviely. Furthermore mounting the sheets to form walls always takes place from one connection side so that it is not possible at a later date to interchange individual boards without incurring great difficulties. In these known construction elements, special recesses and grooves must be planned for their mounting, which grooves and recesses are different from wall to wall.

It is the principal object of the present invention to provide a building of flat surface structural assembly in which the elements are assembled by rigid connection plates adapted to lie flush with the wall surface and provide a structure that will not give way along the joining of the elements together.

It is another object of the invention to provide a structural assembly in which the connecting plates that join together the board elements may be altered to provide for window cons'tructions extending laterally therefrom, either in rigid or hingeable manner, a door hinge arrangement connectable to the wall, or for connection of slidable doors therewith.

It is the object of the present invention to provide a building or structural assembly comprising, in combination, at least two prefabricated boards, at least one edge of each of which has an undulated formation, and a connection plate having at least two limbs which have an undulated formation corresponding to said board edges whereby each sheet can engage a limb of said connection plate by engagement of the respective undulated formation.

The invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGS. 1 to 3 are respectively fragmentary end views of three structures, straight wall, T- shape and L- shape, of a building assembly embodying features of the present invention;

FIGS. 4 to 6 are respectively end views of modified connection plates;

FIGS. 7, 8 and 9 are respectively transverse sectional views of still further modified forms of the invention;

FIG. 10 is section view of ,an assembly adapted as a double window;

FIG. 11 is a transverse sectional view of an assembly adapted as a swinging door;

FIGS. 12 and 13 are respectively transverse sectional views of assemblies adapted as sliding doors.

The construction consists generally of two boards having undulated or wavy edges and a connecting plate having corresponding undulating edges matched with and secured to the undulating edges of the boards. The construction may take the form of a double wall construction elements joined by connecting plates, in which the limbs are provided with undulating surfaces for matching the undulating surfaces of the boards. The boards can be joined and held in spaced relationship by spacing material such as plastic or the like and this material may also fill the space between the connecting plates that join the boards together. The cover can be extended over the connecting plates or the plates themselves may be plain outer surfaces flush with the surfaces of the boards and joining with the undulating or wavy formations of the connecting plates. The connecting plates can be adapted to support windows, hinged doors or sliding doors all in the manner set forth in detail hereinafter.

Referring firstly to FIGS. I to 3, prefabricated boards I are shown having formations at their undulated edges 2. Adjacent coplanar boards are connected by means of coplanar connection plate 3 as shown in FIG. I, while T- or L- shaped structures are made by connecting three or two boards I by a connection plate 4 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 respectively. The connection plates 3 and 4 each has a central nonundulating portion and limbs 5 for engaging the edges 2 of the boards I. The limbs 5 have undulations corresponding to those of the board edges 2. The connection plates may be screwed, riveted or glued to the board edges 2 or they may be snapped into position. Furthermore, covering sheets 6 and 7 (FIGS. 2 and 3 respectively) are provided to conceal the connection plate 4. The connection plates may be filled with foam material.

The prefabricated boards I may be formed of plastic material or any other suitable material and comprise two spaced layers, and a foam material sheet la may be used as the spacing material to hold the layers apart. Alternatively, the space between the layers may be used to contain installations such as lighting fixtures and so forth. Pressure pieces 2a are located between the undulated layers and may be made in one single piece together with the foam material sheets la or the latter may be laid, glued, pressed or cast between the undulated layers. The undulations of the edge connections are spaced apart by distances as seen in FIG. I.

In the hollow spaces 8 which are created between the limbs 5 of the connection plates 3, 4, stiffeners may be arranged in a sealed or insulated manner. Alternatively, stiffeners may be mounted in the boards or in their undulated edges 2. In the board consisting of two layers a perfect accuracy in the outside dimensions can be reached by a corresponding pressing and glueing the parts together.

In FIG. 4 parts of a plate 9 between the limbs 2 are shortened. By corresponding configuration of the intermediate undulation a certain elasticity can be obtained in the connection plate 10 according to FIG. 5 or by corresponding ribs 11 according to FIG. 6.

In FIG. 7, flat solid connecting plates 12 with rib stifieners are provided and according to FIG. 8 internally curved solid connection plates 13 are used. In FIG. 9, solidshortened connection plates 14 having a stiffener tube 15 is provided.

FIG. 10 shows the connection of the prefabricated boards 1, with parallel boards 16, which are mounted perpendicularly to the boards 1 to form double walls extending laterally therefrom. Connection plates l7, l8 serve to engage the edges 2 of the boards 1. The parallel boards 16 are so mounted as to be angularly movable relative to the connection plates l7, 18 as shown in dot-dash lines. FIG. 11 shows a swinging door, whereby between stationary boards 1 and swinging boards I are joined by articulated connection plates 19, 20.

In FIG. 12 a sliding door is shown with a roller guide 22 between the ends of the boards I, located in a connection plate 21 with an enlarged sliding guide 24 in a connection plate 23, as shown in FIG. 13.

In each case an easy and quick mounting as well as a simple interchanging of individual prefabricated boards is made possible. The edges of the boards are concealed by the connection plates. By using double layer prefabricated plates with undulated edges and intennediate pressure pieces excessive tensions at the connection points are avoided and also a connection is achieved which can be highly stressed for tension, pressure, bending, and warping, whereby also the sheets themselves are resistant against warping.

Iclaim:

I. A structural assembly comprising in combination:

a. a plurality of board members interconnected along their edges in spaced relation, each of said board members having laterally spacedapart sidewalls in parallel planes terminating, at least at one side edge, in projecting portions with laterally spaced undulating sidewalls, said spaced undulating sidewalls lying wholly within the space defined between the planes of said spacedapart sidewalls;

b. connecting means adapted to encompass the projecting edge portions of said board members which are directed toward each other in spaced relationship, said connecting means including a plurality of separate members having spaced limb portions with undulating surfaces adapted to mate with said spaced undulating walls on said projecting portions, said spaced limb portions being joined by a nonundulating portion; and

c. means for securing said limb portions of said members to said projecting portions and with said nonundulating portions of said members extending between said projecting portions which are in spaced relationship to form a hollow space therebetween.

2. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said members are plates having a uniform wall thickness throughout their length.

3. A structural assembly as defined in claim 2, wherein cover sheets are secured between the spacedapart sidewalls of adjacent board members to contact portions of the undulating surfaces of said limb portions not in contact with said projecting portions and with the outer walls surface of a cover sheet lying flush with the outer wall surfaces of the sidewall to which it is secured.

4. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said spaced limb portions are longitudinally aligned with said nonundulating portions.

5. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said spaced limb portions are offset angularly with respect to said nonundulating portion.

6. A structural assembly as defined in claim I, wherein said members are solid pieces with a flat outer wall surface.

7. A structural assembly as defined in claim 6, wherein said solid pieces have ribs which contact each other adjacent the spacedapart projecting portions.

8. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein spacing means are disposed between said spaced undulating sidewalls.

9. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein stiffening means are disposed between said connecting members at the hollow space therebetween.

10. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said nonundulating portions of one of said members is shaped to form a hinge joint with the nonundulating portion of another of said members at the hollow space therebetween.

11. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said nonundulating portion of one of said members is formed as a guide surface over which an associated section of the nonundulating portion of another of said members is adapted to move.

12. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said associated section includes roller means.

Claims (12)

1. A structural assembly comprising in combination: a. a plurality of board members interconnected along their edges in spaced relation, each of said board members having laterally spaced-apart sidewalls in parallel planes terminating, at least at one side edge, in projecting portions with laterally spaced undulating sidewalls, said spaced undulating sidewalls lying wholly within the space defined between the planes of said spaced-apart sidewalls; b. connecting means adapted to encompass the projecting edge portions of said board members which are directed toward each other in spaced relationship, said connecting means including a plurality of separate members having spaced limb portions with undulating surfaces adapted to mate with said spaced undulating walls on said projecting portions, said spaced limb portions being joined by a nonundulating portion; and c. means for securing said limb portions of said members to said projecting portions and with said nonundulating portions of said members extending between said projecting portions which are in spaced relationship to form a hollow space therebetween.
2. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said members are plates having a uniform wall thickness throughout their length.
3. A structural assembly as defined in claim 2, wherein cover sheets are secured between the spaced-apart sidewalls of adjacent board members to contact portions of the undulating surfaces of said limb portions not in contact with said projecting portions and with the outer walls surface of a cover sheet lying flush with the outer wall surfaces of the sidewall to which it is secured.
4. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said spaced limb portions are longitudinally aligned with said nonundulating portions.
5. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said spaced limb portions are offset angularly with respect to said nonundulating portion.
6. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said members are solid pieces with a flat outer wall surface.
7. A structural assembly as defined in claim 6, wherein said solid pieces have ribs which contact each other adjacent the spaced-apart projecting portions.
8. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein spacing means are disposed between said spaced undulating sidewalls.
9. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein stiffening means are disposed between said connecting members at the hollow space therebetween.
10. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said nonundulating portions of one of said members is shaped to form a hinge joint with the nonundulating portion of another of said members at the hollow space therebetween.
11. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said nonundulating portion of one of said members is formed as a guide surface over which an associated section of the nonundulating portion of another of said members is adapted to move.
12. A structural assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said associated section includes roller means.
US3632149D 1967-01-14 1968-01-09 Connection for prefabricated sheets Expired - Lifetime US3632149A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DEK0061168 1967-01-14

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3632149A true US3632149A (en) 1972-01-04

Family

ID=7229953

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3632149D Expired - Lifetime US3632149A (en) 1967-01-14 1968-01-09 Connection for prefabricated sheets

Country Status (12)

Country Link
US (1) US3632149A (en)
AT (1) AT282911B (en)
BE (1) BE709272A (en)
CH (1) CH467400A (en)
DE (1) DE1609430A1 (en)
FI (1) FI47002C (en)
FR (1) FR1553232A (en)
GB (1) GB1184521A (en)
NL (1) NL6800102A (en)
NO (1) NO122149B (en)
OA (1) OA2710A (en)
SE (1) SE322609B (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3879916A (en) * 1974-07-22 1975-04-29 Us Air Force Fatigue resistant spanwise splice
US3942290A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-03-09 Sheeran John H O Integrated building construction
US3943672A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-03-16 Sheeran John H O Prefabricated, modular structure formed by laterally spaced cantilever arch frame assemblies
US3953949A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-05-04 Sheeran John H O Prefabricated, modular building structure
US4184302A (en) * 1978-04-17 1980-01-22 Swiss Aluminium Ltd. Bonded assembly
US4310992A (en) * 1979-09-20 1982-01-19 Construction Murox, Inc. Structural panel
US4435935A (en) 1980-10-08 1984-03-13 Perfil En Frio, S.A. (Perfrisa) Panel joining system
US4641468A (en) * 1982-11-16 1987-02-10 Cano International, N.V. Panel structure and building structure made therefrom
EP0467107A1 (en) * 1990-07-13 1992-01-22 ISOTECNICA S.p.A. A jointing arrangement between adjacent panels for erecting heat-insulative structures, and structure incorporating said arrangement
US20070147962A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2007-06-28 Rob Wendt Building made of sheet piles
CN106836513A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-06-13 福建金竹竹业有限公司 Wall board made of reconstituted bamboo

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2003010C3 (en) * 1970-01-23 1974-07-25 G Konig
US5293728A (en) * 1992-09-17 1994-03-15 Texas Aluminum Industries, Inc. Insulated panel

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2263355A (en) * 1939-05-27 1941-11-18 Strasbourg Forges Construction of walls, partitions, and the like
US2414628A (en) * 1943-12-11 1947-01-21 Harold T Battin Building structure
US2567554A (en) * 1947-06-11 1951-09-11 Dietzgen Co Eugene Straightedge construction
US3432196A (en) * 1965-07-10 1969-03-11 Giovanni Marchiorello Process for constructing high-insulation panels,particularly sandwich panels for prefabricated freezers,and panels produced by this process

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2263355A (en) * 1939-05-27 1941-11-18 Strasbourg Forges Construction of walls, partitions, and the like
US2414628A (en) * 1943-12-11 1947-01-21 Harold T Battin Building structure
US2567554A (en) * 1947-06-11 1951-09-11 Dietzgen Co Eugene Straightedge construction
US3432196A (en) * 1965-07-10 1969-03-11 Giovanni Marchiorello Process for constructing high-insulation panels,particularly sandwich panels for prefabricated freezers,and panels produced by this process

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3879916A (en) * 1974-07-22 1975-04-29 Us Air Force Fatigue resistant spanwise splice
US3942290A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-03-09 Sheeran John H O Integrated building construction
US3943672A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-03-16 Sheeran John H O Prefabricated, modular structure formed by laterally spaced cantilever arch frame assemblies
US3953949A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-05-04 Sheeran John H O Prefabricated, modular building structure
US4184302A (en) * 1978-04-17 1980-01-22 Swiss Aluminium Ltd. Bonded assembly
US4310992A (en) * 1979-09-20 1982-01-19 Construction Murox, Inc. Structural panel
US4435935A (en) 1980-10-08 1984-03-13 Perfil En Frio, S.A. (Perfrisa) Panel joining system
US4641468A (en) * 1982-11-16 1987-02-10 Cano International, N.V. Panel structure and building structure made therefrom
EP0467107A1 (en) * 1990-07-13 1992-01-22 ISOTECNICA S.p.A. A jointing arrangement between adjacent panels for erecting heat-insulative structures, and structure incorporating said arrangement
TR25160A (en) * 1990-07-13 1992-11-01 Isotecnica Spa INSULATION Harareet the EDIC of structures adjacent to the IC SET UP ASSEMBLY PANELS AND ADDING A ARAKS the structure containing the aforementioned ASSEMBLY
US20070147962A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2007-06-28 Rob Wendt Building made of sheet piles
CN106836513A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-06-13 福建金竹竹业有限公司 Wall board made of reconstituted bamboo

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR1553232A (en) 1969-01-10
GB1184521A (en) 1970-03-18
AT282911B (en) 1970-07-10
SE322609B (en) 1970-04-13
FI47002C (en) 1973-08-10
OA2710A (en) 1970-12-15
DE1609430A1 (en) 1972-01-27
NL6800102A (en) 1968-07-15
NO122149B (en) 1971-05-24
FI47002B (en) 1973-05-02
CH467400A (en) 1969-01-15
BE709272A (en) 1968-07-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3583123A (en) Foamed-in-place double-skin building construction panel
US3553918A (en) Insulated curtain wall construction
US3386218A (en) Building panel with ribbed sealing element between overlapping edges
US3380768A (en) Profile rail and corner connecting piece
US3483665A (en) Dry wall two-piece stud structure
US3594028A (en) Sheet metal joint for panels and sheets
US3570205A (en) Panel jointure
US3512819A (en) Connector structure for modular panels and the like
CA1325705C (en) Light-transmitting wall panels
EP0321183B1 (en) Building frame construction
US6438919B1 (en) Building component structure, or building components
US3184013A (en) Interlocked panel structure
US4028859A (en) Heat-insulating panels
US5373678A (en) Structural panel system
US1660480A (en) Parquet-floor panels
US6408594B1 (en) Reinforced structural insulated panels with plastic impregnated paper facings
US2363164A (en) Structural joining of walls for cases, partitions, and the like
US3750333A (en) Insulated prime door
US2508032A (en) Structural metal member
US2362252A (en) Wall structure
US3077703A (en) Roof deck structure
US3303626A (en) Connecting means for framed panels
US5062250A (en) Insulating panel system, panels and connectors therefor
US4575981A (en) Roof panel construction
US4020611A (en) Wall assembly