US3626956A - Item transport deviation detection device - Google Patents

Item transport deviation detection device Download PDF

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US3626956A
US3626956A US3626956DA US3626956A US 3626956 A US3626956 A US 3626956A US 3626956D A US3626956D A US 3626956DA US 3626956 A US3626956 A US 3626956A
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switching
electrical
pathway
item
electrical signal
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Oran A J Sauder
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Unisys Corp
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Burroughs Corp
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Assigned to BURROUGHS CORPORATION reassignment BURROUGHS CORPORATION MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). DELAWARE EFFECTIVE MAY 30, 1982. Assignors: BURROUGHS CORPORATION A CORP OF MI (MERGED INTO), BURROUGHS DELAWARE INCORPORATED A DE CORP. (CHANGED TO)
Assigned to UNISYS CORPORATION reassignment UNISYS CORPORATION MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BURROUGHS CORPORATION
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K13/00Conveying record carriers from one station to another, e.g. from stack to punching mechanism
    • G06K13/02Conveying record carriers from one station to another, e.g. from stack to punching mechanism the record carrier having longitudinal dimension comparable with transverse dimension, e.g. punched card
    • G06K13/06Guiding cards; Checking correct operation of card-conveying mechanisms
    • G06K13/067Checking presence, absence, correct position, or moving status of cards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C1/00Measures preceding sorting according to destination
    • B07C1/02Forming articles into a stream; Arranging articles in a stream, e.g. spacing, orientating

Abstract

A device and method for detecting interruptions or deviations of normal item transport in an item transport pathway wherein a signal indicative of an interruption or deviation is generated whenever a transported item takes longer than a predetermined time to be transported between two stations in the pathway, or whenever an item remains longer than a predetermined time at the second of the stations, the two consecutive time conditions being imposed by the same timing element.

Description

Hated States atent [i 3,626,956

[72] Inventor Oran A. J. Sauder [56 References Cited [21] A I No lg 'gg UNITED STATES PATENTS {22] Augdl 1970 2,963,293 [2/1960 Klein 340/259 [45] Patented Dec 14:1971 9/1965 Hanchett,.lr. 340/259 I. ,1 8/1967 M le ,1 340/259 [73] Ass'gnee Eggfi'gg' 3,341,837 9/1967 wzihihgtbn 340/259 Primary ExaminerJohn W. Caldwell Assistant Examiner-J. Michael Bobbitt Arromeys- Kenneth L. Miller and Edwin WI Uren [54] ERANSPORT DEVIATION DETECTION ABSTRACT: A device and method for detecting interruptions DE D or deviations of normal item transport in an item transport sclmmss rawmg pathway wherein a signal indicative of an interruption or [52] U.S.Cl 340/259, deviation is generated whenever a transported item takes 271/57, 340/309?) longer than a predetermined time to be transported between [51] Int. Cl ..G08b 21/00 two stations in the pathway. or whenever an item remains [50] Field of Search 340/259, longer than a predetermined time at, the second of the stations, 309.3,42l,420; 271/57 the two consecutive time conditions being imposed by the same timing element.

GEFIERATE A SIGIiAL COIFICIDEFIT WITH THE LEADIRG EDGE OF A DOCLEZGEFJT AT POIBIT A mmm A TIEiII'GG SEGUEIAGE TIMING TIAiIIIG SEGUEIGGE SEQUENCE NOT EXPIRED EXPIRED GEAERATE A SIGHAL GEAHWE HE DURATIOM INTERRUPT SIGAAL I DF DOCUMENT TRAVEL L sEoumcE AT LEADIAG EDGE OF SIGI IAL DELAY SIGIIIAL REIPIITIATE TIAIIIIG SEQUEFIGE GOIIICIDEiIT WITH LEADIIIG EDGE DE DELAYED SIGNAL TIMING TIIAIIIG SEQUENCE SEQUEEGE NOT EXPIRED EXPIRED END REIIIITIATED GEFIERATE mmg SEQUENCE II-ITERIIUPT SIGFIAL AT TRAILIFIG EDGE OF DELAYED SIGNAL PATENTEO 0E8 I #811 SHEET 1 OF 3 FIGI.

I GENERATE A SIGNAL COINCIDENT WITH THE LEADING EDGE OF A DOCUMENT AT POINT A INITIATE ATIMING SEQUENCE TIMING SEQUENCE NOT EXPIRED TIMING SEQUENCE EXPIRED GENERATE A SIGNAL FOR THE DURATION OF DOCUMENT TRAVEL PAST POINT B GENERATE INTERRUPT SIGNAL END TIMING DELAY SIGNAL SEQUENCE AT LEADING EDGE OF SIGNAL REINITIATE TIMING SEQUENCE COINCIDENT WITH LEADING EDGE OF DELAYED SIGNAL TIMING SEQUENCE NOT EXPIRED TIMING EXPIRED SEQUENCE END REINITIATED TIMING SEQUENCE INTERRUPT SIGNAL GENERATE AT TRAILING EDGE OF DELAYED SIGNAL INVENTOR. ORAN A. J. SAUDER.

AGENT.

PATENTEI] DEC! 4 I97! SHEET 2 [IF 3 INTERRUPT SIGNAL RESETABLE TIMING CIRCUIT C RCU T B STABILEL PATENTEU m1 4 an SHEET 3 BF 3 FIG.4.

VOUT

ITEM TRANSPORT DEVIATION DETECTION DEVICE BACKGROUND The invention relates generally to item transport monitoring systems and specifically to circuits for detecting jams in document passageways of document-handling equipment.

In the art of high-speed handling of thin, pliable items such as paper documents, precision is required in driving and maneuvering the items through various guides and passageways of the handling equipment. The occurrence of any malfunction in the document transport section of such document-handling equipment generally leads to serious consequences, as when a check inadvertently becomes lodged in the transport passage of a check reader/sorter and causes a large number of following checks to be destroyed, disfigured or misread.

A common method of preventing such adverse consequences of transport malfunctions is to provide means for detecting an initial interruption or deviation in document flow, and to shut off the document-driving mechanism before a large number of documents are destructively impelled into the obstructed area. With the document-driving apparatus so disabled, the dislodged or obstructing document may be removed before a serious jam condition develops.

The antecedents of the present invention serve to detect interruptions in normal document flow, and upon such detection, to generate a signal that is effective to initiate a shutting down of the document-driving mechanism. Known prior art jam detection devices commonly combine two switching members such as phototransistors at selected predetermined locations in the document passageway, to detect the presence of documents at these specific selected locations. Document travel time between these two phototransistors is measured by means of circuitry combining a flip-flop and a timing circuit such as a resettable delay. If the measured time exceeds a predetermined time, either a coincidence detection circuit coupled to the flip-flop and the resettable delay, or the delay itself, serves to generate an electrical signal indicative of an interrupted or deviated document flow condition between the two phototransistors. Prior art jam detection devices accordingly impose one precedent condition to the recognition of an interrupted or delayed document; that is, that the document travel between two fixed positions in a predetermined time. It is obvious that the greater the number of interruption detection circuits that are provided in the document passageway, in order to increase the probability of detecting any document delay occurrences, the greater the number of stations and phototransistors that would need to be used, and the greater the number of precedent conditions that would need to be imposed. A highly reliable detection system of the prior art type would accordingly require more space than is normally available, and be exceedingly costly to build.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is generally an object of the present invention to provide a reliable document flow interruption detection system that requires a minimum of space in the transport area, and a minimum number of circuit components per precedent condition imposed.

The invention accomplishes this and other objects by enabling a single timing element or resettable delay to measure the duration of document travel in two contiguous segments of a transport pathway, a precedent condition being imposed for each segment. The time required for the leading edge of a document to be transported between a first and a second point in the transport pathway, and the time interval between the passage of the leading edge and the trailing edge of the document past the second of the points are each measured by the timing element. If either measured time is greater than the predetermined times, as established by the timing element, a signal is generated indicating a deviated document transport condition.

The invention provides that the timing element is reset after measuring the transport duration of the leading edge of a document between the first and second points in the transport pathway, and that an item detection signal from the second switching member is delayed in order to reset the timing element for measuring the interval of time between the passage of the leading and trailing edges of the document past the second switching member.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a flow chart showing the method by which a deviated condition of item flow is detected;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing the basic composition of a preferred item transport deviation detection device;

FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram of the transport deviation detection device;

FIG. 4 is a timing diagram illustrating the operation of the transport deviation detection circuit under normal item flow conditions; and

FIG. 5 is a timing diagram illustrating the operation of the transport deviation detection circuit when an item fails to traverse the second switching member in the predetermined time interval.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION To facilitate a more complete understanding of the subject invention, a specific example or preferred embodiment will hereinafter be described in connection with the drawings. For the purpose of illustration, the jam detection device will be described in conjunction with a check sorter, although it is to be understood that the fundamental concept of the invention may be applied with equal success to any type of documenthandling equipment. The check sorter envisioned has a pathway for guiding checks past a series of pockets. Associated with each pocket along the pathway is a diverting gate which is selectively activatable by control circuitry to intercept a check traveling at a high rate of speed down the pathway and to direct it into an associated pocket. Although one or more jam detection devices may be positioned anywhere along the transport path of the envisioned check sorter, for our present purposes it is assumed a single such device is so positioned as to detect a deviation in document flow past a diverting gate, the probability of a document jam at such location being relatively high due to the variable forces that are applied to a document in this area.

The concept of jam detection that is embodied in the present invention imposes two precedent conditions under which a jam or interruption of document flow is detected. The conditions are:

I. That a check travel from a predetermined first point (point A) positioned anteriorly of the gate to a second point (point B) positioned posteriorly of the gate in a prescribed time;

2. That the trailing edge of a check departs from point B in a prescribed time interval following the arrival of its leading edge at point B.

Should either of these conditions not obtain during the flow of a check down the transport pathway, the device would generate an interrupt signal effective either for shutting off the document transport mechanism or for alerting the operator to the time deviation at the associated gate.

The method by which the aforementioned precedent conditions are imposed is illustrated in the flow chart of FIG. 1. First, a switching means detects the leading edge of a document as it passes point A and generates an electrical signal that begins a timing sequence. The duration of the timing sequence is a period of time slightly greater than the time required for the leading edge of a check to pass point A and arrive at point B under normal document transport conditions. If the duration of the timing sequence expires before the leading edge of the check arrives at point B, an interrupt signal is generated indicating that the check travel has been slower than normal or totally interrupted between point A and point B. If the check arrives at point B before the timing sequence has expired, switching means at point B will serve to generate an electrical pulse during the period that the check passes in front of the switching means at point B. The electrical signal from the switching means at point B is delayed for a period of time that is relatively short compared with its normal duration, thereby permitting the timing circuit that was used to initiate the timing sequence to be reset so that it can be reinitiated at the leading edge of the delayed signal from the switching means at point B. If the reinitiated timing sequence expires before the trailing edge of the delayed signal, an interrupt signal is generated indicating that the check has not passed point B within the prescribed time. if the check has passed point B before the timing sequence has expired the check has arrived in its pocket within the normal and prescribed time.

The circuit components that are combined to carry out the above-described process are shown in FIG. 2. A first switching means 11 located at point A in the document transport pathway is electrically connected to a bistable circuit 12. A second switching means 13 located at point B in the pathway is also electrically connected to the bistable circuit 12. The first switching means 11 activates an electrical signal when the leading edge of a check enters its associated position in the transport pathway, or, in other words, passes point A. The second switching means 13 responds electrically to the passage of the entire length of the check past its associated position in the pathway, or in other words, past point B, thus generating an electrical signal that begins with the passage of the leading edge of the check by point B. The electrical signal from the first switching means ll triggers the bistable circuit 12 to its Q state. Following the electrical signal from the first switching means 11, a signal from the second switching means 13 triggers the flip flop to its 6 state. The output from the second switching means 13 at point B in the pathway is also electrically connected to a delay circuit 14. The output from the delay 14 is electrically connected to the bistable circuit 12 for triggering the circuit to the Q state. The state of the bistable circuit 12 is electrically connected to a resettable timing circuit 15 that serves to generate an electrical signal when the Q state of the bistable circuit 12 is maintained for longer than a predetermined time.

As shown in FIG. 3 phototransistors l6 and 17 have been chosen as the switching means at points A and B in the transport pathway. As described above. it is not necessary that the first switching means 11 of the first phototransistor l6 electrically respond to the full length ofa bypassing check, but only to the leading edge. A phototransistor nevertheless has been chosen as the preferred switching means at point A, as it achieves the desired operational characteristics while its extraneous characteristic (i.e., that it activates a pulse for the full duration of a bypassing check) has no deleterious effect upon its required characteristics in the circuit design.

The bistable circuit 12 of the jam detection device as illustrated in FIG. 3 includes a common RS flip-flop having two cross-coupled NOR-gates l8 and 19. A first of the NOR-gates I8 is electrically connected to an appropriately amplified collector output of the first phototransistor l6 and to the output of the second NOR-gate 19. The second NOR-gate 19 of the flip-flop is electrically connected with the output of the first NOR-gate l8 and an appropriately amplified collector output of the second phototransistor 17. The bistable circuit 12 has a third NOR-gate 20 that electrically gates the output from the second NOR-gate l9 and a delayed output from the second phototransistor 17. The delay element 14 of the invention is a capacitor 21 having its positive plate electrically connected to the second phototransistor 17 output and its negative plate to ground.

The resettable timing circuit 15, as shown in FIG. 3 has an NPN control transistor 22 connected at its base to the output From the third NOR-gate 20 of the bistable circuit 12. The colector of the control transistor 22 is electrically connected to :he emitter ofa PNP output transistor 23. A positive voltage source +V is electrically connected at a common node to the collector of the control transistor 22 and to the emitter of the output transistor 23. The base element of the output transistor is electrically connected to the positive side of the diode 24. The negative side of the diode 24 is connected to a positive voltage source V The value of V in volts is less than the value of V,. A timing capacitor 25 has its positive plate connected at the common node with the collector of the control transistor 22 and the emitter of the output transistor 23. The negative plate of the timing capacitor is electrically connected to ground.

OPERATION The operation of the subject device will first be described under normal operating conditions; that is, when the document or check travels past point A and point B in the transport pathway in a normal predetermined time interval. With reference to the timing diagram of FIG. 4, a document passing the first phototransistor at point A in the check transport pathway will cause the first phototransistor to generate a pulse (PT having a leading edge at I and a trailing edge atj2. Assuming the output of the second NOR-gate I9 is low at time I, the output of the first NOR-gate 18 of the bistable circuit 12 goes low at the leading edge of the output pulse from the first phototransistor. The output (V from the third NOR-gate 20 of the bistable circuit 12 goes low at the leading edge of the output (PT,) from the first phototransistor 16 thus beginning a timing sequence. At the trailing edge of the pulse from the first phototransistor 16 no other changes in states occur. When a document proceding along the pathway of the check sorter reaches the second phototransistor 17 at point B in the pathway, the second phototransistor generates a pulse (PT,). This pulse occurring at I is delayed for a short period of time by the delay capacitor 21 thus allowing the output (V from the third NOR-gate 20 to go high until the delay capacitor charges to a predetermined voltage at which time the output from the third NOR gate again goes low. It is this short positive-going pulse occurring at the leading edge of the output from the second phototransistor that permits the timing circuit 15 to reset. When the output (V,,,) from the third NOR-gate 20 of the bistable circuit 12 is high the base of the control transistor 22 is high thereby biasing the transistor in a conducting state and dropping the voltage at the common node. As the emitter of the output transistor 23 is electrically connected to the common node, the low voltage at the node serves to bias the output transistor in a nonconducting state. When the output (V from the third NOR-gate 20 goes low the control transistor 22 is biased to a nonconducting state. As both the control and the output transistors are nonconducting, the voltage across the timing capacitor 25 increases with time. If it attains a high enough voltage before the control transistor 22 again turns on and discharges the timing capacitor 25 the output transistor will turn on, thus generating an interrupt signal (V When the normal flow of documents past the two phototransistors l6 and 117 takes place the period of time in which the output from the third NOR-gate 20 remains low is less than the time required for the timing capacitor 25 to charge to a sufi'icient voltage value to bias the output transistor 23 in a conducting state. When the second phototransistor 17 at point B in the transport path ofa check generates a pulse, a short positive going pulse is displayed at the output of the third NOR-gate 20 of the bistable circuit 12. This positive-going pulse biases the control transistor 22 to a conducting state which allows the timing capacitor 25 to discharge. After a short delay the output from the third NOR- gate 20 of the bistable circuit 12 again goes low and the charging of the timing capacitor 25 or timing sequence begins again. If the time between the leading edge ofa check and the trailing edge of a check passing the second phototransistor 17 is less than the time required for the timing capacitor 25 of the resettable timing circuit 15 to charge to an extent that the output transistor 23 will be biased in a conducting state, the output voltage from the output transistor will remain low until some abnormally slow document in the flow either takes longer than the charging time to travel from the first to the second phototransistor or to traverse the second phototransistor.

In the latter case, for example, the output (PTg) from the second phototransistor 17 would occur for longer than the duration 1 to 1 in FIG. 4. As shown in the timing diagram of FIG. 5, the trailing edge of the output pulse (PT,) from the second phototransistor 17 has not occurred, at time meaning that the document passing in front of it has been somehow slowed from its normal rate of movement while passing point B. After the delay has been reset at time I the timing capacitor 25 of the resettable timing circuit is again begins to charge. At time 1-, the second phototransistor l7 still has not detected the trailing edge of the document passing thereby and the timing capacitor has charged to a voltage that biases the output transistor 23 in a conducting state. Under these conditions an output pulse (v or interrupt signal from the collector of the output transistor 23 indicates a deviation from normal document flow.

What is claimed is:

1. ln document handling apparatus having a pathway for guiding transported documents, a method for detecting a deviation in normal document transport between a first and a second stationary point in the pathway comprising the steps of:

generating a first electrical signal coincident with the leading edge of a document passing said first stationary point, initiating a timing sequence of predetermined duration coincident with said first electrical signal, generating a second electrical signal for the duration of said document passing said second stationary point,

generating an interrupt signal if the predetermined duration of said timing sequence expires before the beginning of said second electrical signal,

delaying said second electrical signal for a short period of time relative to the full duration thereof, reinitiating said timing sequence coincident with the delayed beginning of said second electrical signal, and

generating an interrupt signal if the predetermined duration of said reinitiated timing sequence expires before the delayed ending of said second electrical signal.

2. ln apparatus for transporting an item along a predetermined pathway, a device for detecting a deviation from a normal rate of item transport comprising:

first switching means stationed adjacent the pathway for electrically responding to the leading edge of an item passing thereby,

second switching means stationed adjacent the pathway at a predetermined distance in' the direction of item transport from said first switching means, said second switching means being electrically responsive to the passage of the full length of an item thereby,

means electrically coupled with said second switching means for delaying the electrical response of said second switching means for a substantially short duration relative to the duration of the normal electrical response of said second switching means,

bistable means electrically coupled with said first switching means, said second switching means, and said delaying means for manifesting a first stable electrical state upon an electrical response from said first switching means, for manifesting a second stable electrical state upon an electrical response from said second switching means, and for again manifesting said first stable electrical state for the duration of the delayed electrical response from said delaying means, and

timing means electrically coupled with said bistable means for generating an electrical signal when said bistable means remains in said first stable electrical state for longer than a predetermined period of time, whereby said electrical signal indicates a deviation In the rate of normal item transport between said first and said second switching means or past said second switching means.

3. A device as defined by claim 2 wherein said first and said second switching means are each characterized by a photoelectric element stationed on said pathway and a source of light for switching said element in response to an item passing thereby.

4. A device as defined by claim 2 wherein said delaying means is a capacitor.

5. A device as defined by claim 2 wherein said bistable means includes a flip-flop switchable by an electrical response from said first switching means to a first electrical state and by an electrical response from said second switching means to a second electrical state, and a NOR logical operator electronically gating said first electrical state with said delayed electrical response of said second switching means.

t 8K t i t

Claims (5)

1. In document handling apparatus having a pathway for guiding transported documents, a method for detecting a deviation in normal document transport between a first and a second stationary point in the pathway comprising the steps of: generating a first electrical signal coincident with the leading edge of a document passing said first stationary point, initiating a timing sequence of predetermined duration coincident with said first electrical signal, generating a second electrical signal for the duration of said document passing said second stationary point, generating an interrupt signal if the predetermined duration of said timing sequence expires before the beginning of said second electrical signal, delaying said second electrical signal for a short period of time relative to the full duration thereof, reinitiating said timing sequence coincident with the delayed beginning of said second electrical signal, and generating an interrupt signal if the predetermined duRation of said reinitiated timing sequence expires before the delayed ending of said second electrical signal.
2. In apparatus for transporting an item along a predetermined pathway, a device for detecting a deviation from a normal rate of item transport comprising: first switching means stationed adjacent the pathway for electrically responding to the leading edge of an item passing thereby, second switching means stationed adjacent the pathway at a predetermined distance in the direction of item transport from said first switching means, said second switching means being electrically responsive to the passage of the full length of an item thereby, means electrically coupled with said second switching means for delaying the electrical response of said second switching means for a substantially short duration relative to the duration of the normal electrical response of said second switching means, bistable means electrically coupled with said first switching means, said second switching means, and said delaying means for manifesting a first stable electrical state upon an electrical response from said first switching means, for manifesting a second stable electrical state upon an electrical response from said second switching means, and for again manifesting said first stable electrical state for the duration of the delayed electrical response from said delaying means, and timing means electrically coupled with said bistable means for generating an electrical signal when said bistable means remains in said first stable electrical state for longer than a predetermined period of time, whereby said electrical signal indicates a deviation in the rate of normal item transport between said first and said second switching means or past said second switching means.
3. A device as defined by claim 2 wherein said first and said second switching means are each characterized by a photoelectric element stationed on said pathway and a source of light for switching said element in response to an item passing thereby.
4. A device as defined by claim 2 wherein said delaying means is a capacitor.
5. A device as defined by claim 2 wherein said bistable means includes a flip-flop switchable by an electrical response from said first switching means to a first electrical state and by an electrical response from said second switching means to a second electrical state, and a NOR logical operator electronically gating said first electrical state with said delayed electrical response of said second switching means.
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US3734604A (en) * 1970-09-22 1973-05-22 Agfa Gevaert Ag Failsafe system for electrostatic copying apparatus
US3747918A (en) * 1971-11-22 1973-07-24 Addressograph Multigraph Document feeder control circuit
US3833896A (en) * 1971-12-28 1974-09-03 Ricoh Kk Device for detecting a transport mishap of a copy paper in a reproducing apparatus
US3837484A (en) * 1972-10-31 1974-09-24 Licentia Gmbh Mail sorting system
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US3887052A (en) * 1973-11-07 1975-06-03 Faro Gordon P Del Machine tool monitoring unit
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US4457617A (en) * 1980-04-16 1984-07-03 Pitney Bowes Inc. Electrostatic copier having a control system for preventing jams
EP0130810A1 (en) * 1983-07-01 1985-01-09 The Post Office Conveyor sorting system
US5116035A (en) * 1990-11-23 1992-05-26 Eastman Kodak Company Recirculating document feeder with sequential control of the document sheet transport mechanisms and method
US5121914A (en) * 1989-10-27 1992-06-16 Hargreaves Edward W Apparatus for controlling the spacing, counting and batching of sheets fed by a machine
US5156385A (en) * 1990-11-28 1992-10-20 Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Printer having automatic paper feed mechanism and manual paper feed mechanism
US5228680A (en) * 1991-06-14 1993-07-20 Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Sheet feed device capable of facilitating sheet removal from sheet feed path
US5247058A (en) * 1992-01-24 1993-09-21 Cargill, Incorporated Continuous process for manufacture of lactide polymers with controlled optical purity
US5618037A (en) * 1995-05-22 1997-04-08 Pitney Bowes Inc.World Headquarters Method for maintaining mailpiece integrity
US6087934A (en) * 1997-12-26 2000-07-11 Golab; Thomas Velocity-discriminating cable motion transducer system
US20040013158A1 (en) * 2002-06-20 2004-01-22 Mykhaylo Bazhenov Motion sensor for flat objects
DE102008035915A1 (en) * 2008-07-31 2010-02-04 Wincor Nixdorf International Gmbh Tamper detection system for cash dispensers deployable in ATMs
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Cited By (33)

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US3734604A (en) * 1970-09-22 1973-05-22 Agfa Gevaert Ag Failsafe system for electrostatic copying apparatus
US3747918A (en) * 1971-11-22 1973-07-24 Addressograph Multigraph Document feeder control circuit
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