US362544A - Kitchen-cabinet - Google Patents

Kitchen-cabinet Download PDF

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US362544A
US362544A US362544DA US362544A US 362544 A US362544 A US 362544A US 362544D A US362544D A US 362544DA US 362544 A US362544 A US 362544A
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cabinet
drawer
box
compartment
drawers
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B88/00Drawers for tables, cabinets or like furniture; Guides for drawers
    • A47B88/40Sliding drawers; Slides or guides therefor
    • A47B88/48Drawers which can be rotated while or after sliding out

Description

2 sheets-sheet 1.
J.vs. sCoTT ap 1". HOLMES. KITCHEN CABINET. ,544. Patemed 'May 1o, 1887.
(No Model.)
compartments. onQeach UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES S. SCO'II AND FRANKLIN HOLMES, OF KING CITY, MISSOURI.
KITCHEN-CABINET.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 362,544, dated May 10, 1887. Application filed March 11, M187. Serial No. 230,529. (No model.)
To` all whom it may concern:
Beit known that we, JAMES S. SCOTT and FRANKLIN HOLMES, citizens of the United States, residing at King City,in the county of Gentry and State-of Missouri, have invented new and useful Improvements in Kitchen- Cabinets, of which the following is a speciication. i
The invention relates to improvements in kitchen-cabinets, and is intended to contain in convenient and compact arrangement the varions materials and implements used in bread, pie, and cake making, and other articles of common domestic use, such as tea and codec.
The invention consists in the construction and arrangement of the different boxes and drawers contained in the cabinet, and also in certain details of construction and arrangement, hereinafter described, illustrated in the drawings, and embraced in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a perspective View of the cabinet,-
with the kneading-board and the drawers to contain spices, extracts, coffee, tea, and sugar drawn partly out and the bread-box turntd outward. Fig. 2 represents a plan of the cabinet with the top removed, showing the spicedrawer, the utensil-drawer, and the soda and extract drawer in position within the cabinet. Fig. 3 represents avertical section on the line x a' of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 represents a vertical section on the line y y of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 represents a longitudinal vertical section on the line z z of Fig. 2, looking' toward the front.
' Referring to the drawings by letter, A represents the frame or casing of the cabinet of general rectangular form and ornamented iu any manner or to any extent desired. The interior of the cabinet is divided into compartments for the various boxes and drawers by transverse and longitudinal partitions, each drawer and box being completely separated on all sides from those adjacent to it, except that'there is no partition between the kneading-board and utensil-drawer. 'Phe transverse vertical partitions a separate the boxes from each other and from the tier of side drawers, and the horizontal longitudinal partitions a separate the drawers in said tier and the boxes from the upper row ot'- drawers, as indicated in Fig. 1.
B B are two similarboxes,enteringl into side of the central partition, a, and each constructed of the front b, the rear piece, b', the similar sides, b b2, and the bottom b. The upper edges ol' the side b2 incline downward as they iuuinward to the rear piece; but their lower edges run horizontally outward from said piece a suitable distance, and have formed on them at that point the semicircular notches b* b4, which rest upon the semi-cylindrical block b5, secured transversely across the floor of Outward from the block b5 clines upward, leaving the the front b unattached, as The bottom b from the rear piece to the lower corner of the frontedges of the sides. The lower portion of the fro'nt b enters the space between the strip bs, secured to theV lower edge of the front of the cabinet and the outer edge of the floor of the compartment, which edge is beveled downwardly` and inwardly, as seen in Fig. 3. As the compartment contains free space above the upper edges of the sides and below the parts of their lower edges outward' from the notches band as the lower part of the front can turn inward in the space made by beveling, as described, the edge of the door of the compartment, it is evidenty that by takthe said edge inlower portion ot" `seen in Fig; 3.
the compartment. I
ofthe box inclines upward- I ing hold of the handle securedto the outer surface of the front and pulling outward the box may be rotated outward on the semicylindrical block till the upper edges of its sides touch the roof of the compartment, so thatits contents may be had access to without removing` it from its compartment., To.
remove the box, it is only necessary to turn it thus outward slightly and then lift it and draw it out. The forward or outward posivtion of the' pivotal cylindrical block tends tol keep the box rotated inward or closed by gravity.` This is aided by the inclined bottom, which throws the contained material inward. One Aof the boxes B is intended to contain Hour and the other to contain cornmeal.
Cis the bread-box, identical in construction with the boxes B, but having the air-space c formedaround it by the metallic casing c',
IOO
which stands within it, and has the anges c,
standing outward from the upper edges of its sides, secured in recesses in the edges of the sides of the box, the said lianges being perforated, as seen in Fig. 1,-to communicate withv the air-space.
c is a slieet-inetal-lid hinged or pivoted at its front edge to the roof of the compartmentin which the breadbox rests, so as to incline downward therefrom. When the bread-box 5 is inserted, it lifts this lid slightly as it runs iinderit, so that the lid covers the upper opening of the box when entirely within the cabinet and condenses the moisture that arises from the bread7 preventing it getting dry and stale. The casing c acts in asimilar manner to prevent the bread frein staling. Immediately above the boxes Bis the compartment fortlie kneading-board and the utensil-drawers, the former situated below the latter.
The kncadingboard D'is of ordinary shape and slidesin between the side slips, d d, Fig. 5, which support the bottom of the utensildrawer D, the slips having the same thickness as the board, the front strip of which rests against their ends when the board is in place.
The utensildrawer is preferably divided by partitions into a front transverse compartment, d', to receive a rolling-pin, and two equal compartments, d2 d3, in rear of the saine, one to hold piepans and the other cake-cntters and such small implements.
-Immediately above the bread-box `C is the spice-drawer E in its proper compartment. The said drawer has secured within its outer end a block having semieircular or other suitablyshaped depressions c e, each to receive a different kind of spice, and a metal lid, e', slips above the same in the directing-grooves e2 11i the sides of the box. When the drawer 1s opened, the said lid can be slid backward to uncover the desired depression, and when in place the lid preserves the spices from gradually losing strength.
At the opposite end of the cabinet tothe bread-box is a tier of drawers, the lower and larger'two of which, F and G, respectively,
are equal in size and of ordinary construction, one being designed to hold cake and the other sugar.
The highest drawer, S, of the tier is divided by a transverse partitioii'dnto-two compartments, the rear one, h, tohold cooking-soda or-baking-powders, and the outer compartment, h', to hold bottles of Havering-extracts.
-- The said compartment is divided. into a number of cells, 71," h, by means of the intersecting series of partial partitions haha, each of which cells is to receive a bottlefof some such extract.
The drawer I, immediately below the drawer S, is for tea and coffee, and is lined through-- i Vout with metal i, to prevent the same losing strength. The said drawer is divided by a transverse partition into the rear teae0mpartment, t', and the front codec-compartment, i.
i isa lid secured to the rear end of the' -compartment in which the drawer I rests, and K having jits front end and edges free, so that when the drawer is slid in the said lid enters ,65 the grooves i* if in the sides thereof and snrroun'ds the tea. and coffee entirely with metal. From 'the described construction it is evident that, as the drawers and boxes are in coinpartinents closed on all sides, no dust nor foreign material can fall into any' drawer or box fromftliose abovet It is also evident that the sides, bottoms, and ends of the drawers and boxes are protected by two thicknesses. of wood, one pertaining to the case or4 frame and one to the drawer or box; hence it is much harder for rats or mice to obtain access thereto.
The cabinet thus constructed is convenient for many uses, cannot easily get out of repair, and when the-drawers and boxes are in, all points of access to the interior are closed.
Ve are aware that a kitchen-cabinet has heretofore been provided with a bin which tilted on a semicireular block secured across the bottom of the bin, and we make no claim to such construction.
Having described our invention, we claiml. In a kitchen-cabinet, the combination, with-the casing divided into a suitable uninber of compartments by the partitions a. a', and the drawers and boxes, substantially as described, of the bread-box composed of the front b, tlie rear piece, b', the sides b2, provided with the notches b" and the bottom b', the casing c', secured within the bread-box and forming an airspace, c, therewith, the strip b, secured to the lower front edge of the cabinet, the cylindrical pivotal block b5, secured transversely to the tloor of the bread-box coinpartnient,and the sheet-metal' lid c, having its front end hinged or pivoted to the roof of said compartment, substantially as specitied.
2. In a kitchen-cabinet, the coinbnation, with the casing divided by the partitions a u. into a suitable number of compartments, and the boxes and drawers, substantially as described, of the spice-drawer E, provided at its front end with a block having the depressions e e to receive different kinds of spice, and a lid, e', moving on thegroovesel e'vof the drawer to cover said depressions, substantially as specied.
3. In a kitchen-cabinet, the combination, with the casing divided into compartments by the partitions a a', and the drawers and boxes, substantially as described, of the tea and coiee drawer Ldivided into theconipartineiits i" and il bya transverse partition, and lined with the metal i, and the lid i, having its rear end secured within the compartment and its edges sliding in the`grooves i* of the drawer, sub: stantiallyasspecitied.
4. A kitchen-cabinet having an utensildrawer sliding on cleats within the casing, and a kneading-board sliding between said cleats below said drawer, substantial ly as .specified.
In testimony that weelaim the foregoing as our own we have hereto aixed our signatures in presence of two witnesses.
e JAMES S. SCOTT. Witnesses: FRANKLIN HOLMES.
CEAS. E. WRIGHT, CHRis'roPHER WALDREN.
IOO
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3008788A (en) * 1960-01-22 1961-11-14 Garner & Co Inc Canister set unit
US4993786A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-02-19 Giulio John P De Method and apparatus for retrofitting a drawer with a multiple level storage tray
US5044059A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-09-03 Giulio John P De Method and apparatus for retrofitting a drawer with a multiple level cutlery tray or a cutlery tray and cutting board
US5468062A (en) * 1993-08-04 1995-11-21 Finnegan; Richard J. H. Double tiered storage trays for a drawer
US20060261143A1 (en) * 2003-02-07 2006-11-23 Martin Sola Barbarin Refuse sorting container
US20170234057A1 (en) * 2016-02-16 2017-08-17 Keymaster Solutions, Llc Lock box assembly

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3008788A (en) * 1960-01-22 1961-11-14 Garner & Co Inc Canister set unit
US4993786A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-02-19 Giulio John P De Method and apparatus for retrofitting a drawer with a multiple level storage tray
US5044059A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-09-03 Giulio John P De Method and apparatus for retrofitting a drawer with a multiple level cutlery tray or a cutlery tray and cutting board
US5468062A (en) * 1993-08-04 1995-11-21 Finnegan; Richard J. H. Double tiered storage trays for a drawer
US20060261143A1 (en) * 2003-02-07 2006-11-23 Martin Sola Barbarin Refuse sorting container
US20170234057A1 (en) * 2016-02-16 2017-08-17 Keymaster Solutions, Llc Lock box assembly
US10415298B2 (en) * 2016-02-16 2019-09-17 Keymaster Solutions, Llc Lock box assembly

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