US3620881A - Apparatus for printing both sides of single or multiple layer textile articles - Google Patents

Apparatus for printing both sides of single or multiple layer textile articles Download PDF

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Publication number
US3620881A
US3620881A US3620881DA US3620881A US 3620881 A US3620881 A US 3620881A US 3620881D A US3620881D A US 3620881DA US 3620881 A US3620881 A US 3620881A
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US
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
printing
station
textile
conveyor
belt
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Herbert Kannegiesser
Jean Pierre Niederst
Richard Juraschek
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Kannegiesser Maschinenfabrik GmbH
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Kannegiesser Maschinenfabrik GmbH
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41FPRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
    • B41F16/00Transfer printing apparatus
    • B41F16/02Transfer printing apparatus for textile material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/17Surface bonding means and/or assemblymeans with work feeding or handling means
    • Y10T156/1702For plural parts or plural areas of single part
    • Y10T156/1705Lamina transferred to base from adhered flexible web or sheet type carrier

Abstract

The invention provides a method of and an apparatus for printing both sides of single or multiple layer textile articles, which method comprises the steps of covering both sides of a single or multiple layer textile article with a transfer printing sheet, conveying said article and said sheets between two relatively spaced heated pressing platens, and closing the platens and thereby simultaneously transferring impressions from said transfer printing sheets to each side of said article.

Description

O United States Patent 0 1 3,620,881

[72] Inventors Herbert Kannegiener [56] k f i fid UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,583,286 1/1952 Albini'Colombo 156/240 [21] AP I No 799 836 2,688,579 10/1954 Meyer 156/230 F 1969 2,776,509 1/1957 Kienel.... 156/358 [22] PM 2,914,875 12/1959 Levy 156/540 [45] Patented Nov. 16,1971 [73] Assignee Knnnegiesser Muchinenhbrik Gesemchalt Primary Examiner-Benjamin A. Borchelt mit beschrnnkter Haltung Assistant Examiner--G. E. Montone Vlotho/Weser, Germany A1torneySughrue, Rothwell, Mion, Zinn 8t Macpeak 32 Priority 066.5,1968 [33] Germany [31] P l8 12 839.7

[54] APPARATUS FOR PRINTING BOTH SIDES OF SINGLE OR MULTIPLE LAYER TEXTILE ABSTRACT: The invention provides a method of and an apparatus for printing both sides of single or multiple layer textile articles, which method comprises the steps of covering both sides of a single or multiple layer textile article with a transfer printing sheet, conveying said article and said sheets between two relatively spaced heated pressing platens, and closing the platens and thereby simultaneously transferring impressions from said transfer printing sheets to each side of said article.

PATENTEDunv 16 l9?! 3, 620 881 SHEET 1 BF 2 Fig./

PATENTEDunv 16 I911 SHEET 2 OF 2 APPARATUS FOR PRINTING BOTH SIDES OF SINGLE OR MULTIPLE LAYER TEXTILE ARTICLES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION already known in the art. The process is carried out by placing a sheet which has been provided with an impression of specially prepared colored inks on the textile fabric that is to be printed, and by then conducting the fabric and the transfer sheet in combination between special calender rollers. One of the two-cooperating rollers is heated. Between the rollers the inks on the transfer sheet are transferred to the textile fabric by sublimation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is the object of the present invention to provide a method as well as apparatus which will permit both sides of a single or multiple layer textile article to be simultaneously printed efficiently in one operation.

The method according to the present invention for achieving this object comprises the steps of covering both sides of a single or multiple layer textile article with a transfer printing sheet, conveying said article and said sheets between two relatively spaced heated pressing platens, and closing the platens and thereby simultaneously transferring impressions from said transfer printing sheets to each side of said article.

This method permits both sides of a single or multilayered textile article, primarily an article consisting wholly or partly of synthetic fibers to be simultaneously printed in one operation. The proposed method is therefore a substantial improvement on the conventional method in which the two sides of a fabric were printed in succession. Time is thus saved and the process is cheaper.

The present invention also concerns apparatus for perfonning the above-described method. The proposed apparatus comprises two separately heatable pressing platens forming a printing station and adapted to be separately or jointly moved to close on each of a continuous succession of textile articles which have been previously provided on each side with a transfer printing sheet, and means for intermittently feeding said textile articles between said platens.

The proposed apparatus permits the method proposed by the invention to be performed in an extremely efficient way. One advantage consists in that a single machine comprising relatively simple means can be used for simultaneously printing both -sides of single or multiple layer textile articles.

According to another feature of the invention a multilayer textile article covered on each side with a transfer printing sheet may first be drawn on a form. This will ensure that the textile article retains its shape during the printing process.

According to yet another feature of the apparatus proposed by the invention a feeding station may precede the printing station and a conveyor belt made of high-temperature-resistant fabric may be arranged to run in intermittent steps through both stations. Moreover, a delivery station may follow the printing station and an intermittently feeding conveyor belt made of high-temperature-resistant fabric may be arranged to run through the printing station and the delivery station. Both these arrangements may be combined and the apparatus provided with a feeding station preceding the printing station and a delivery station following the same, the conveyor belt running through all three stations. However, the printing station may be associated either with only a preceding feeding station or conversely with only a following delivery station, the conveyor belt travelling through whichever two stations are employed.

The above features of the invention make a highly efficient machine. This can be even further improved if, according to yet another proposal, a reciprocating receiving table is also provided, preferably of a kind that can be raised and lowered for consecutively receiving the printed single or multiple layer textile articles in a pile. Such a self-stacking receiving table improves the efficiency of the machine inasmuch as it permits the operating rate to be increased and an attendant at the delivery end of the machine to be dispensed with.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS An embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example and with reference to the accompanying schematic drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a section through the apparatus for printing both sides of a succession of textile articles conveyed through the apparatus by an intermittently feeding conveyor belt;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of a two-layer textile article (a pullover) which has been drawn on a fonn and covered on each side with a transfer printing sheet, and

FIG. 3 is a section taken on the line A-A in FIG. 2.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT FIG. 1 shows an apparatus 30 (a platen press) for printing both sides of textile articles 31, such as pullovers, which functions in consecutive working steps. Substantially the machine comprises a printing station 32 provided with printing tools, i.e., pressing platens 33 and 34, a feeding station 35, a delivery station 36, a conveyor belt 37 which runs in succession through all three stations 35, 32 and 36 in the direction of the arrow 49 and a self-stacking receiving table 38.

The conveyor belt 37 which consists of a high-temperatureresistant woven fabric is endless and deflected over rollers 39. The drive means of the conveyor belt are not shown since these are of conventional kind. At the feeding station 35 and the delivery station 36 tables 40 and 41 are located below the conveyor belt 37 for the purpose of supporting the belt. At least one of the two pressing platens 33 and 34 which function as printing tools, preferably the bottom platen 34, is padded, whereas the other which in the drawing is the upper platen 33 is covered with a high-temperature-resistant cloth 42.

At the feeding station 35 the textile articles 31 (pullovers) are covered on each side with a transfer printing sheet 43 or 44. However, with advantage the textile article 31 is first drawn over a so-called form 45 (FIG. 3). The entire assembly 46, consisting of the two transfer printing sheets 43 and 44 enclosing the textile article 31 between them and possibly the form 45, is then placed on the conveyor belt 37 which conveys it stepwise to the printing station 32. When the assembly 46 has been thus fed between the open pressing platens 33 and 34 at the printing station 32, the conveyor belt 37 stops and the upper platen 33 is lowered into cooperation with the bottom platen 34 by a hydraulic cylinder 47.

When the printing operation has been completed, the upper platen 33 is raised. The conveyor belt 37 advances and conveys the assembly 46 to the delivery station 36, where the assembly may either be removed by attendant personnel or where it may remain on the conveyor belt 37 to be delivered during the next step of the conveyor belt 37 to the self stacking receiving table 38. The provision of a self-stacking table 38 which is adapted to be reciprocated as indicated by the arrow 48 and which is fitted with means for raising and lowering the table has the advantage that the assembly 46 is automatically stacked in a pile and that fewer operatives are thus required for working the machine.

The platen 33 may be forced down on the assembly 46 at modest or high pressure as the circumstances may require.

What is claimed is:

1. Apparatus for printing both sides of single textile articles or both outer sides of multiple layer textile articles, each of said articles being covered on each of said sides by a transfer printing sheet having indicia thereon, said apparatus comprisrng:

a conveyor belt of high-temperature resistant material,

a feed station at which said articles covered by said transfer printing sheets are placed on said conveyor,

a printing station,

means for intermittently driving said conveyor belt so as to consecutively advance articles covered by said transfer printing sheets from said feeding station to said printing station,

said printing station comprising a pair of independently heatable pressing platens, one on each side of said conveyor belt,

means for heating said platens,

means for moving one of said platens towards the other platen when a textile article covered by said transfer printing sheets is moved on said conveyor to said printing station, whereby said article and transfer sheets are compressed between said heated platens to transfer the indicia from said transfer printing sheets to said sides of said article,

a delivery station following said printing station,

said conveyor belt being adapted to travel in intermittent feeding steps consecutively through said printing and delivery stations, and

said delivery station comprising a self-stacking receiving table adapted to reciprocate in a plane parallel to the plane of the portion of said conveyor belt on which said articles are supported in synchronism with the intermittent movement of said conveyor belt, said receiving table having means for raising and lowering it for the purpose of receiving and mechanically stacking printed single or multiple layered textile articles.

US3620881A 1968-12-05 1969-02-17 Apparatus for printing both sides of single or multiple layer textile articles Expired - Lifetime US3620881A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19681812839 DE1812839A1 (en) 1968-12-05 1968-12-05 Method and device for one- or two-sided printing multilayer Textilstuecke

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US3620881A true US3620881A (en) 1971-11-16

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US3620881A Expired - Lifetime US3620881A (en) 1968-12-05 1969-02-17 Apparatus for printing both sides of single or multiple layer textile articles

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US (1) US3620881A (en)
DE (1) DE1812839A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2020503A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1257109A (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3868214A (en) * 1972-05-04 1975-02-25 Ashfield Dyeing & Finishing Co Process for producing decorated fabrics
US3874846A (en) * 1973-06-20 1975-04-01 John M Ashe Transfer printing method
US3961388A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-06-08 Precision Screen Machines Inc. Method and apparatus for effecting transfer printing
US4008998A (en) * 1973-05-11 1977-02-22 Sublistatic Holding S.A. Transfers dyeing by rolling up webs with a conductor
US4172418A (en) * 1978-05-01 1979-10-30 Freeman Transfer Printing Company, Inc. Electrostatic printing apparatus and method
US4174250A (en) * 1978-04-10 1979-11-13 Freeman Transfer Printing Company, Inc. Apparatus for sublimation imprinting tiles
US4177750A (en) * 1977-09-14 1979-12-11 Ted Scarlet Pennant and method of making a pennant
US4759818A (en) * 1985-09-17 1988-07-26 Sakurai Hiroshi Thermo-transfer printing equipment
US5318660A (en) * 1992-05-01 1994-06-07 Kensol-Olsenmark, Inc. Method and apparatus for generating hot stamped single and multi-color images
US5362348A (en) * 1992-12-24 1994-11-08 Gutherie William T Method and apparatus for applying foil indicia on a video cassette
US5643387A (en) * 1988-09-06 1997-07-01 Berghauser; Donald C. Instant color sublimation transfers
US20030217685A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-11-27 Aldridge James E. Flag printing method
US20070124870A1 (en) * 2005-12-06 2007-06-07 Nike, Inc. Printed textile element
US20070163057A1 (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-07-19 Andrea Bertele System and method for simultaneous sublimation printing on both sides of a single layer of fabric and double-sided garment produced thereby
CN102717593A (en) * 2012-06-13 2012-10-10 浙江理工大学 Cold transfer printing gasbag pressure device
CN103448360A (en) * 2013-08-30 2013-12-18 西安航天华阳印刷包装设备有限公司 Automatic bar tacking machine for double-side flat pressing flat cold transfer screen printing machine
CN105252893A (en) * 2015-09-14 2016-01-20 无锡豪思纺织品有限公司 Novel hydraulic hot stamping machine
US9297097B2 (en) 2012-06-22 2016-03-29 Nike, Inc. Knit article of apparel and apparel printing system and method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2583286A (en) * 1952-01-22 Process for printing textile fabrics
US2688579A (en) * 1950-05-23 1954-09-07 Lacrinoid Products Ltd Heat-transfer and method of using same
US2776509A (en) * 1952-06-02 1957-01-08 Joseph E Kienel Transfer applicator
US2914875A (en) * 1956-03-01 1959-12-01 Levy Maurice Ornamentation of textile fabrics

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2583286A (en) * 1952-01-22 Process for printing textile fabrics
US2688579A (en) * 1950-05-23 1954-09-07 Lacrinoid Products Ltd Heat-transfer and method of using same
US2776509A (en) * 1952-06-02 1957-01-08 Joseph E Kienel Transfer applicator
US2914875A (en) * 1956-03-01 1959-12-01 Levy Maurice Ornamentation of textile fabrics

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3868214A (en) * 1972-05-04 1975-02-25 Ashfield Dyeing & Finishing Co Process for producing decorated fabrics
US4008998A (en) * 1973-05-11 1977-02-22 Sublistatic Holding S.A. Transfers dyeing by rolling up webs with a conductor
US3874846A (en) * 1973-06-20 1975-04-01 John M Ashe Transfer printing method
US3961388A (en) * 1975-01-03 1976-06-08 Precision Screen Machines Inc. Method and apparatus for effecting transfer printing
US4177750A (en) * 1977-09-14 1979-12-11 Ted Scarlet Pennant and method of making a pennant
US4174250A (en) * 1978-04-10 1979-11-13 Freeman Transfer Printing Company, Inc. Apparatus for sublimation imprinting tiles
US4172418A (en) * 1978-05-01 1979-10-30 Freeman Transfer Printing Company, Inc. Electrostatic printing apparatus and method
US4759818A (en) * 1985-09-17 1988-07-26 Sakurai Hiroshi Thermo-transfer printing equipment
US5643387A (en) * 1988-09-06 1997-07-01 Berghauser; Donald C. Instant color sublimation transfers
US5318660A (en) * 1992-05-01 1994-06-07 Kensol-Olsenmark, Inc. Method and apparatus for generating hot stamped single and multi-color images
US5362348A (en) * 1992-12-24 1994-11-08 Gutherie William T Method and apparatus for applying foil indicia on a video cassette
US20030217685A1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-11-27 Aldridge James E. Flag printing method
WO2007067428A3 (en) * 2005-12-06 2007-08-16 Nike Inc Printed textile element
WO2007067428A2 (en) 2005-12-06 2007-06-14 Nike, Inc. Printed textile element
US20070124870A1 (en) * 2005-12-06 2007-06-07 Nike, Inc. Printed textile element
US20070163057A1 (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-07-19 Andrea Bertele System and method for simultaneous sublimation printing on both sides of a single layer of fabric and double-sided garment produced thereby
CN102717593A (en) * 2012-06-13 2012-10-10 浙江理工大学 Cold transfer printing gasbag pressure device
US9944095B2 (en) 2012-06-22 2018-04-17 Nike, Inc. Apparel printing system and methods for printing on articles with repeating patterns
US9297097B2 (en) 2012-06-22 2016-03-29 Nike, Inc. Knit article of apparel and apparel printing system and method
US9365959B2 (en) 2012-06-22 2016-06-14 Nike, Inc. Knit article of apparel and apparel printing system and method
US9676208B2 (en) 2012-06-22 2017-06-13 Nike, Inc. Knit article of apparel and apparel printing system and method
CN103448360B (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-10-14 西安航天华阳印刷包装设备有限公司 A double-sided printing platen cold transfer mechanism automatically sets flowers
CN103448360A (en) * 2013-08-30 2013-12-18 西安航天华阳印刷包装设备有限公司 Automatic bar tacking machine for double-side flat pressing flat cold transfer screen printing machine
CN105252893A (en) * 2015-09-14 2016-01-20 无锡豪思纺织品有限公司 Novel hydraulic hot stamping machine

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Publication number Publication date Type
DE1812839A1 (en) 1970-11-05 application
FR2020503A5 (en) 1970-07-10 application
GB1257109A (en) 1971-12-15 application

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