US3611884A - Box making machine - Google Patents

Box making machine Download PDF

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US3611884A
US3611884A US3611884DA US3611884A US 3611884 A US3611884 A US 3611884A US 3611884D A US3611884D A US 3611884DA US 3611884 A US3611884 A US 3611884A
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path
means
mounted
plane
creasing
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William J Hottendorf
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WILLIAM J HOTTENDORF
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WILLIAM J HOTTENDORF
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31FMECHANICAL WORKING OR DEFORMATION OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31F1/00Mechanical deformation without removing material, e.g. in combination with laminating
    • B31F1/08Creasing
    • B31F1/10Creasing by rotary tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B2100/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers made by folding single-piece sheets, blanks or webs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B2100/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers made by folding single-piece sheets, blanks or webs
    • B31B2100/002Rigid or semi-rigid containers made by folding single-piece sheets, blanks or webs characterised by the shape of the blank from which they are formed
    • B31B2100/0022Rigid or semi-rigid containers made by folding single-piece sheets, blanks or webs characterised by the shape of the blank from which they are formed made from tubular webs or blanks, including by tube or bottom forming operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B2120/00Construction of rigid or semi-rigid containers
    • B31B2120/30Construction of rigid or semi-rigid containers collapsible; temporarily collapsed during manufacturing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/003Straightening the side walls of boxes; Squaring collapsed folded box blanks; Deforming boxes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/02Feeding or positioning sheets, blanks or webs
    • B31B50/10Feeding or positioning webs
    • B31B50/12Feeding or positioning webs by air pressure or suction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/14Cutting, e.g. perforating, punching, slitting or trimming
    • B31B50/20Cutting sheets or blanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/14Cutting, e.g. perforating, punching, slitting or trimming
    • B31B50/20Cutting sheets or blanks
    • B31B50/22Notching; Trimming edges of flaps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/25Surface scoring
    • B31B50/254Surface scoring using tools mounted on belts or chains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/25Surface scoring
    • B31B50/256Surface scoring using tools mounted on a drum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/26Folding sheets, blanks or webs
    • B31B50/36Folding sheets, blanks or webs by continuously feeding the sheets, blanks or webs to stationary members, e.g. plates, ploughs or cores
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/26Folding sheets, blanks or webs
    • B31B50/58Folding sheets, blanks or webs by moving endless belts or chains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/60Uniting opposed surfaces or edges; Taping
    • B31B50/64Uniting opposed surfaces or edges; Taping by applying heat or pressure, e.g. by welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/60Uniting opposed surfaces or edges; Taping
    • B31B50/72Uniting opposed surfaces or edges; Taping by applying and securing strips or sheets
    • B31B50/726Uniting opposed surfaces or edges; Taping by applying and securing strips or sheets for uniting meeting edges of collapsed boxes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/74Auxiliary operations
    • B31B50/88Printing; Embossing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B50/00Making rigid or semi-rigid containers, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B31B50/74Auxiliary operations
    • B31B50/92Delivering
    • B31B50/94Delivering singly or in succession
    • B31B50/96Delivering singly or in succession in an overlapping arrangement

Abstract

Apparatus for moving paperboard boxes continuously along a path while performing the following operations on the box blanks: feeding, printing, creasing, slotting, trimming, taping, folding, and delivering. The apparatus may be adjusted for handling box blanks of different lengths and widths. Vacuum support means for the box blanks are provided in the feeding, printing and folding sections. The feeder may be operated to deliver box blanks to the path either continuously or periodically.

Description

United States Patent William J. l-lottendorf Box 566, Sunnyvale, Calif. 94086 [21] Appl. No. 5,635

[22] Filed Jan. 26, 1970 [45] Patented Oct. 12, 1971 Division of Ser. No. 627,041, Mar. 30, 1967.

[72] lnventor [54] BOX MAKING MACHINE 6 Claims, 20 Drawing Figs.

52 us. Cl 93/36.9, 93/1G, 93/34, 93/58.2, 93/58.4, 93/73 [51] Int.Cl B3lb 1/22, B3lb l/60, B3113 1/88 [50] Field of Search 93/1 G, 34, 36.9, 58.2, 58.4, 73

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,547,603 7/1925 Metz 93/34 X 2,720,162 lO/l955 Currivan 93/34 X 2,734,454 2/1956 Pabst 93/58.4 X 3,153,991 10/1964 Goodrich 93/58.2 X 3,308,723 3/1967 Bergh 93/1 G 3,332,326 7/1967 Haas 93/58.2 3,443,490 5/1969 Bish0p..... 93/58.2 3,529,516 9/1970 Dorsey 93/73 X FOREIGN PATENTS 483,953 6/1952 Canada 93/36.9

1,182,038 11/1964 Germany 93/58.4

Primary ExaminerWayne A. Morse, Jr. AttorneyNaylor and Neal ABSTRACT: Apparatus for moving paperboard boxes continuously along a path while performing the following operations on the box blanks: feeding, printing, creasing, slotting, trimming, taping, folding, and delivering. The apparatus may be adjusted for handling box blanks of different lengths and widths. Vacuum support means for the box blanks are provided in the feeding, printing and folding sections. The feeder may be operated to deliver box blanks to the path either continuously or periodically.

slow "I6 113 (ms 942) 1554 5' 1 age 1 a SHEET 01 0F PATENIEU nan 2m:

PATENIEU um 1 21971 SHEET 02 0F INVENTOR. WILL/AM J. "HOTTENDOKf PATENTED our 1 2 I971 SHEET 0 3 OF m -UHHH INVENTOR. WILLIAM J. HUTTENDOKF PATENTEDUEHZB?! 3.611.884

SHEET 09 [1F 10 336 I 5/326 PIE.- .1 s.

j 326 460 INVENTOR. L LN WILL/AM J. Harm/00M PATENIEUucmmr: 3 51 8 sum mm 10 v INVENTOR. W/LL/AM J HOUf/VDOKF BOX MAKING MACHINE This application is a division of my copending application, Ser. No. 627,041, filed March 30, I967.

BRIEF SUMMARY Box making machines are available for high-speed slotting and folding of paperboard boxes, and these machines may be equipped with attachments for either taping or gluing the box blanks as they are folded. However, such machines have not been available heretofore in which the box blanks can also be printed, and the available machines are so constructed that they are not readily adapted for the incorporation of printing units because a printing unit in such machines would either in terfere with other sections of the machine or required very long setup times. Thus, a single-box-making machine is used for making many different kinds of boxes, and it is necessary to set up the machine for a new kind of box whenever a run of a different kind of box is completed. The time necessary for and difficulty of this set up is a very important characteristic of a box-making machine.

In accordance with this invention, I have provided a boxmaking machine which operates very rapidly and performs on box blanks all of the operations mentioned above. The setup time of this machine is very short, and the printing sections do not interfere with the other sections of the machine.

The printing section includes a vacuum device for supporting and transporting the box blanks leaving one entire side of the box blank untouched except by the printingroller so that printing ink is not smeared and so that it is unnecessary during set up to move box holddown devices out of the path of printed parts of the box.

The apparatus includes a single section for slotting, creasing, trimming and taping of the box blanks. This slotter section is so constructed that its knives can be laterally adjusted for different boxes very easily. The adjustment structure which is used permits all sizes of the box blanks to be aligned against one side of the machine, and adjustments are provided at that side of the machine for positioning all knives. Thus, an operator standing inone convenient place is able to effect all set up operations of the slotter section.

The printer section includes a lateral adjustment for the vacuum transport which prevents excessible airflow through perforated transport belts when box blanks narrower than the belts are used. Additionally this lateral adjustment of the printer is connected directly to means in the slotter section for laterally adjusting a trimming knife so that lateral adjustments of the vacuum transport in the printer are made automatically when the slotter is adjusted.

The folding section of the apparatus includes a new vacuum transport system-which eliminates physical supports on one side of the box blanks at a critical point in the folding operation. Thus, in prior folders, box blanks have been transported between pairs of belts which grip the blanks. Where two panels of the blank are'folded from coplanar to face-to-face positions, it has been necessary to use undesirable devices such as swords between the panels to hold one of the panels to a transport belt while the other panel is pressed against the first panel. In the apparatus of this invention, one panel of the box blank is supported solely by a vacuum belt on one of its faces while another panel is folded onto the other of its faces.

The apparatus of this invention includes a unique feeder which delivers box blanks to other components of the machine. This feeder includes the component of d may be operated as a conventional kicker and delivers box blanks to the machine periodically and in precise timed relation with other components of the machine. This feeder also employs, however, a selectively operable continuous feeder which feeds box blanks to the machine in a continuous stream and much more rapidly than does the kicker. Where precise timing may not be needed on a particular kind of box, as where the box is not to be slotted or is preslotted, the continuous feeder greatly increases the production capacity of the machine.

Other features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description read in conjunction with the attached drawings in which:

DRAWINGS FIG. I is a view in side elevation of apparatus constructed in accordance with this invention for feeding, printing, slotting and scoring, taping and folding paperboard box blanks with the figure including perspective views of a box blank at progressive positions in the apparatus;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the apparatus of FIG. 1 illustrating in phantom outline an adjusted position of the apparatus;

FIG. 2A is a plan view of a box blank handled by the apparatus when the apparatus is in the full-line position of FIG.

FIG. 2B is a phantom plan view of a box blank handled by the apparatus when the apparatus is in thephantom line position of FIG. 2;

FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the right-hand portion of the apparatus of FIG. I on a larger scale than FIG. 1 and with sidewalls removed to illustrate the drive train of the apparatus;

FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view through the box blank feeder taken along the plane indicated at 4--4 in FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a vertical sectional view taken along the plane indicated at 5-5 in FIG. 4; machine belt and prevent the FIG. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view taken through the printing and slotting sections of the apparatus along the composite plane indicated at 6-6 in FIG. 2 and showing the apparatus on a larger scale than FIG. 2;

FIG. 7 is a vertical sectional view taken along the plane indicated at 7-7 in FIG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a plan view of the apparatus of FIG. 7 partially broken away;

FIG. 9 is a plan view of the slotting apparatus as indicated at 9-9 in FIG. 6;

FIGS. Ill-l2 are sectional views taken along the planes indicated by corresponding numbers in FIG. 9;

FIG. 13 is a plan view of the folding apparatus as indicated at 13-13 in FIG. I and showing the apparatus on a larger scale;

FIGS. 14-16 are sectional views taken along the planes indicated by corresponding numbers in FIG. 13;

FIG. I7 is a vertical sectional view taken along the plane indicated at l717 in FIG. 2, and

FIG. 18 is a vertical sectional view taken along the planeindicated at 18-18 in FIG. 2.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION General Arrangement Referring now in detail to FIGS. I and 2, the preferred apparatus of this invention therein illustrated includes a feeder section 10 carrying a stack of paperboard box blanks 12 with the feeder adapted to feed the box blanks individually and sequentially to the remaining sections of the machine. A pair of printing sections 14 and 16 are mounted adjacent to the discharge end of the feeder 10 to receive box blanks-from the feed and print those box blanks with patterns which may be different and differently colored. The box blanks pass continuously through the printing sections 14 and I6 to a machine section 18 where the box blanks are trimmed, creased, slotted, and taped. The box blanks pass from the slotting section to an elongated transport and folding section 20 and hence to a delivery section 22.

As illustrated in FIG. I, the box blank undergoes progressive operations in each section of themachine. More specifically, the box blank 24 fed from the feeder 10 is printed with one pattern 26 in the printer section I4 and with another pattern 28 in the printer section 16. In the slottersection 18, the edges of the box blank are trimmed as indicated at 30, and the box blank is provided with leading and'trailing slots 32 and 34, respectively. The box is also provided with longitudinal and transverse creases 36 and 38, respectively, and a strip of adhesive tape 40 is applied to one edge of the box blank. The positions of the leading and trailing slots 32 and 34 and the positions of the longitudinal creases 36 divide the box blank into four panels 42, 44, 46 and 48.

As the box blank moves from the slotting section through the folding section, the panels 42 and 48 are pivoted downwardly while the panels 44 and 46 are supported from both sides, and the panels 42 and 48 are then further folded onto the undersides of the panels 44 and 46 while the panels 44 and 46 are supported only from the top. As this final folding is accomplished, the free edges of the panels 42 and 48 come into abutting relation with each other, and the two panels are attached together by the adhesive tape 40. Preferably, the adhesive on the tape 40 sets at a sufficiently slow speed that the box may be squared in the delivery section as explained hereinafter, and the adhesive tape 40 permanently binds the panels 42 and 48 together as the box blanks move out through the delivery section.

As indicated in FIGS. l-3, this apparatus is adapted to be connected to a prime mover as by means of a chain and sprocket mechanism 50, and a line shaft 52 driven by the prime mover extends through the feeding, printing and slotting sections with the line shaft formed in segments which are coupled by couplings 54. A right-angle drive is provided in each of the sections of the machine connected to the line shaft 52 for driving the individual section of the machine in synchronization with the other sections of the machine.

As explained in detail hereinafter, the feeding section is provided with kicker arms 58 which may be reciprocated periodically toward and away from the printing section 14 to start movement of a box blank down an elongated path through the machine. As a box blank starts through the printer, it is gripped by a pair of conventional drive rolls 60 and further advanced through the machine. The drive rolls 60 are driven from the right-angle drive 56 in the feeder by conventional means.

The printing sections 14 and 16 are provided with opposed printing and pressure rollers 62 and 64 on opposite sides of the path of the box blanks, and suitable printing plates or rubber mats 66 are mounted on the printing rolls for transferring printing ink to box blanks. Each printing unit includes a pair of reservoir and ink transfer rolls 68 which periodically transfer ink to the printing plates 66.

An elongated perforated belt 70 extends through the printing sections 14 and 16 along the plane of the path of travel of box blanks, and the belt 70 is supported and driven by a pair of rolls 74. One of the rolls 74 is driven by a sprocket 72 which is in turn driven by a chain 76 and a sprocket on the output shaft 78 of the right-angle drive 56 in the slotter section 18.

As explained in greater detail hereinafter, and as illustrated schematically in FIG. 1, a plenum chamber 80 is mounted in the printing sections 14 and 16 underneath the perforated belt 70, and the plenum chamber is connected to the suction side of a fan so that suction in the plenum chamber 80 holds box blanks against the perforated belt 70 while the box blanks are transported through printing sections 14 and 16.

Drive Train The slotter section 18 includes two pairs of upper and lower shafts 82 and 84 on which are mounted slotting knives as explained in greater detail hereinafter. A pair of shafts 86 and 88 are mounted on opposite sides of the path of box blanks for supporting creasing knives. The lower slotting knife shaft 84 and the lower creasing knife shaft 86 are driven by sprockets which engage the chain 76 as illustrated in FIG. 3, and the upper knife shafts 82 are driven by a separate chain 90 which is driven by a sprocket on the output shaft of the right-angle drive 56 in the slotter section as illustrated in FIG. 3. For the sake of clarity it should be noted that the chain 76 extends along an endless path from a sprocket on the output shaft 78 of the right-angle drive 56 hence over an idler sprocket 92, hence over the sprocket 74 on the drive roll 72 of the vacuum belt 70, hence sequentially over sprockets 94, 96, 98 and 100, hence over a drive sprocket on the shaft 84 which supports the trailing edge slotter knives, hence over an idler sprocket 102 and over drive sprockets on the shafts 88 and 86, hence over an idler sprocket 184 and over a drive sprocket on the shaft 84 which supports leading edge slotting knives and finally back to the sprocket on shaft 78.

The second-chain extends from a second sprocket on the shaft 78 hence over a drive sprocket on the shaft 82 which supports the upper trailing edge slotting knives, hence over a drive sprocket on the shaft 82 which supports the upper leading edge slotting knives, and hence over an idler sprocket 106 to the sprocket on shaft 78.

As indicated in FIG. 3 by the section marks on shaft 82, the machine is provided with conventional running registers on those shafts which may need phase adjustments with respect to other rotating shafts in the machine, Thus, the gear and sprocket and teeth ratios in the drive train described above are selected so that the drive rolls 60 in the feeder are driven at the same peripheral speed as the linear speed of belt 70, and the printing rollers 62 and the slotting and creasing knives on shafts 82-88 are driven at the same peripheral speed as the linear speed of the belt 70. While these components of the machine operate at the same speeds, it is necessary during set up to adjust the phase relations of some of these shafts so that the patterns printed by the printing rolls are located in the proper positions on the box blanks and so that the slots made by slotting knives on the shafts 82-84 are properly located on the box blanks. For this reason, running registers are provided on the shafts 82 and on the shafts 108 within the drive train of the printing roller.

As best indicated in FIg. 3, the printing roller 62 is mounted on a shaft 110 and driven by a sprocket 112 from a sprocket 114 on the shaft 108. The shaft 108 is driven by a chain 116 which extends over sprockets 118 and 120 and over a sprocket 122 on the output shaft of the right-angle drive unit 56 in the printer. The sprocket 118 is connected to the pressure roller 64 (see FIG. 1) to drive the pressure roller at the same peripheral speed as the printing roller, and drive means, not shown, are provided for driving the inking rollers 68.

The folding and delivery sections of the machine include three main frame sections 124, 126 and 128. An elongated frame 138 extends between all three of these frame sections and projects forwardly to the discharge area of the slotting section 18. An elongated frame 132 extends between the frame sections 124 and 126 and projects to the discharge area of the slotting section 18 with the two frame sections 130 and 132 defining the box blank path between them. As illustrated in FIG. 2, two pairs of frame sections 130 and 132 are pro vided, and during setup of the machine, the positions of these frame sections are laterally adjusted so that the panels 44 and 46 of the box blank (FIG. 1) are embraced between the frame sections 130 and 132 at locations adjacent to the edges of panels 142 and 148. Thus, as illustrated in phantom outline in FIG. 2, one of the pairs of frame sections 130 and 132 may be moved laterally by means described in greater detail hereinafter to the phantom line position 134.

The delivery section of the machine includes a conveyor 136 arranged at right angles to the path of box blanks through the remainder of the machine and a holddown mechanism 138 is mounted above the conveyor 136 for holding box blanks in shingled relation on the conveyor 136 under pressure while the adhesive on tape strips 40 sets. The driving mechanism for the moving parts in the folding and delivery sections of the apparatus is independent of the drive for the other sections and will be described in connection with the detailed description which follows.

Feeding Section As illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5, the feeding section includes two side frame members 140 connected by a bottom frame portion 142 and supporting the feed rolls 60. A table top 144 extends between the side frame members 140 and is provided with a pair of slots in which the kicker arms 58 are mounted. The kicker arms are pivotally connected at 146 to a pair of links 148 which are in turn pivotally connected to a pair of rockers 150. The rockers 150 are pivotally mounted on the frame of the machine at a pivot shaft 152, and the shaft 152 is connected to a telescopic arm 154 pivotally connected to a gear 156 so that the arm 154 and rocker 150 rock between the positions illustrated in FIG. 4 as the gear 156 rotates.

Gear 156 is rotated by a pinion 158 on a shaft 160 which is driven by a gear 162. The gear 162 is driven by a shifting gear 164 which is in turn driven by a gear 166 on the output shaft of the right-angle drive 56 in the feeder unit.

A vertical wall 168 extends between side frame members 140 and has a lower edge 170 which is positioned above the top of table top 144 by a distance equal to the thickness of one paperboard box blank to be handled. The wall 168 may be adjusted vertically by conventional means to accommodate for box blanks of different thicknesses. As mentioned above, the kicker operates to deliver box blanks periodically at accurately timed intervals, and the kicker operates in this way by reciprocating the arms 58 to the left and to the right as indicated in FIG. 4 responsive to rocking of the arms 150 and 154 in synchronization with rotation of the gear 166 and drive shaft 52.

An open topped plenum chamber 172 is mounted adjacent to the top surface of table 144 in an opening provided in the table 144, and the plenum chamber includes an exhaust port 174 which in operation of the machine is connected to the suction side of a fan. A perforated belt 176 extends across the open top of the plenum chamber 172 and is supported on three rollers 178, 180 and 182. As indicated in FIG. 3, the roller 178 is connected to a sprocket 184 which is driven by a chain 186 entrained over a drive sprocket 188. The drive sprocket 188 is driven by means of a gear 190, and the gear 190 is mounted adjacent to the shifting gear 164 so that the shifting gear may be moved axially of the shaft on which it is mounted out of engagement from the gear 162 into engagement with the gear 190. When the shifting gear 164 is thus shifted, the kicker arms 158 are not operated, and instead roller 178 is rotated to move the perforated belt 176 along its endless path. This movement of the belt 176 causes paperboard box blanks to be fed in a continuous stream under the lower edge 170 of the wall 168 with the box blanks being held to the top surface of the belt by suction.

As indicated in FIG. 5, the belt 176 is divided into three segments entrained over the roller 178 with the three segments extending parallel to each other along the upper surface of the table top to provide operating room for the kicker arms 158. When the feeder is in operation with the kicker arms 158 reciprocating and the perforated belt 176 stationary, a steel plate may be placed across the top of the belt 176 to prevent frictional engagement between the box blanks and the belt 176 in the area adjacent to the bottom edge of the wall 168.

Printing Section With reference to FIGS. 6, 7, and 8, each of the printing units 14 and 16 includes a pair of side frame members 192 between which the printing rollers 62 are mounted. The ink reservoir and transfer rollers 68A and 68B are also mounted between the side frame members 192 and define between them an ink reservoir. Ink is transferred by the roller 683 from the ink reservoir to the printing plates on the printing roller 62. The pressure rollers 64 are also mounted between the side frame members 192 with the pressure rollers 64 directly undemeath the printing rollers 62 for supporting box blanks while they are printed. As mentioned above, the elongated perforated belt 70 mounted on roller 74 has a top belt run which extends along the plane of movement of box blanks in the machine and between the printing roller 6.2 and pressure roller 64. Three sections of plenum chamber 194, 196 and 198 are mounted between the side frame members 192 undemeath the upper reach of the perforated belt 70. The plenum chambers 194-198 are provided with lateral passageways which communicate with a manifold 200 which is in turn connected to an'exhaust port 202. The exhaust port 202 is connected to the suction side of a fan during operation of the machine so that box blanks are held onto the upper run of the belt 70 through the printing rollers. As illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 8, a series of support rods 204 are mounted on the plenum chambers 194-198 extending across their open tops to support the top run of the belt and prevent the belt from caving in under the effect of the vacuum in the plenum chamber, and a pair of ribs 206 on the belt 70 extend in between the support rods 204 for keeping the belt 70 aligned with its path.

As illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 8, each of the plenum chambers 194-198 is divided into two compartments 208 and 210 by means of an interior baffle 212. Only the compartment 208 on the left-hand side of the baffle, as illustrated in FIG. 7, is connected to the exhaust port 202 so that the suction fan does not draw any substantial amount of air from the compartment 210 during operation of the device.

An elongated screw 214, 216 and 218 extends through each of the plenum chambers 194-198, respectively, supported for rotation therein by means of bearings 220, and the baffles 212 are threadedly mounted on the screws 214-218 by threaded sleeves 222. A sprocket is mounted on each of the screws 214-218 as indicated at 224 in FIG. 7, and as explained in greater detail hereinafter, all of the sprockets 224 are connected together by a chain and sprocket mechanism 246'so that all of the sprockets 224 rotate simultaneously to move the baffles 212 laterally of the path of box blanks.

Slotting Section With reference to FIGS. 6 and 9l2, the slotting section includes a pair of side frame members 228 and 230 in which the shafts 82-88 are rotatably mounted. A pair of trimming knives are rotatably mounted on the shafts 86 and 88 (FIG. 10) for trimming one edge of the box blanks moving through the path. The trimming knives 232 are keyed to the shafts 86 an 88 so that they rotate with the shafts, but they may be moved longitudinally of the shafts to adjust the width of the box blank which will be trimmed by the knives. This adjustment is accomplished by means of a yolk 234 above the path of box blanks and slidably supported on a pair of rods 236. A lower yolk 238 is slidably mounted on a pair of rods 240, and means are provided outside of the path of travel of box blanks for supporting the yolks 234 and 238 in fixed relation with each other to maintain the upper and lower knives 232 in engagement with each other. An elongated screw 242 extends between the side frame members 228 and 230 of the slotting section and is journaled in those frame members to permit the screw to be rotated without moving axially, and a threaded sleeve 244 threaded onto the screw 242 is mounted in the' yolk 234 so that the yolks 234 and 238 move laterally of the machine when the screw 242 is rotated. As illustrated in FIG. 6, the screw 242 is connected by a chain and sprocket linkage 246 to the sprockets 224 on the screws 214-218 in the printer section so that rotation of the screw 242 causes not only lateral adjustment of the trimming knives, but also lateral adjustment of the baffles 212 in the printing section transport, In this way, the baffles 212 andtrimming knives 232 are maintained in substantially the same plane which extends along the length of the path of box blanks perpendicular to the belt 70.

A pair of creasing knives 248 are also mounted on the shafts 86 and 88 for rotation in a second plane parallel to the plane of rotation of the trimming knives 232, and the creasing knives 248 are mounted on upper and lower yolks 250 and 252 which are supported on the rods 236 and 240 in a manner similar to the support of the yolks 234 and 238. An elongated screw 254 extends between the side frame members in a manner similar to the screw 242 and is threadedly mounted in a sleeve 256 attached to the upper yolk 250. A screw 258 also extends between the side frame members below the path of box blanks and is threadedly received in a threaded sleeve (not shown) on the lower yolk 252. As illustrated in FIG. 12, a chain 260 extends sequentially over a sprocket on screws 254, hence over a sprocket on the screw 258, hence over a sprocket 262 and an idler sprocket 264 so that the screws 254and 258*are rotated in synchronizationwith each other. An electric motor 266is mounted on the frame member 230 for rotating the sprocket 262, and an electrical switch, not shown, is mounted on the frame ember 228 so that an operator may manipulate the switch to cause lateral adjustment of the creasing knives 248.

In a similar manner, a screw 268 is connected by a chain 270 to a sprocket 272 connected to electric motor 274, and the chain 270 also passes over a sprocket on the screw 242. The shaft 268 is threaded into a threaded sleeve in the yolk 238 so that operation of the electric motor 274 moves both of the trimming knives 232 simultaneously.

A second set of trimming knives 276 (FIG. 9) are mounted on the shafts 86 and 88 at the left-hand end of the machine illustrated in FIG. 9, and these trimming knives 276 are nonadjustably mounted on the shafts 86 and 88 in the sense that they are not readily adjustable axially of the shafts. The trimming knives 276 rotate in a third plane parallel to the plane in which the trimming knives 232 rotate.

A pair of creasing knives 278 are also mounted on the shafts 86 and 88 in a fourth plane between the second and third plane mentioned above with the creasing knives 278 mounted on upper and lower yolks 280 and 282 on the rods 236 and 240. In a manner similar to the mounting of the other yolks, the yolks 280 and 282 are threadedly connected to threaded rods 284 and 286 which are driven in synchronization with each other by a chain 288 and electric motor 290 (FIG. 12).

A third set of creasing knives 292 are mounted on the shafts 86 and 88 for rotation in a fifth plane between the second and fourth planes mentioned above. As best seen in FIG. 11, the creasing knives 292 may be adjusted longitudinally of the shafts 86 and 88 by means of a pair of yolks 294 and 296 which are mounted on the rods 236 and 240. A pair of screws 298 and 300 extending between the side frame members are threadedly received in threaded sleeves 302 and 304, respec tively, in the yolks 194 and 196, respectively, and the screws 298 and 300 carry sprockets connected by a chain 302 (FIG. 12) which is driven by a sprocket 304 and electric motor 306 so that operation of the electric motor 306 causes the creasing knives 292 to move laterally of the machine. The controls for all of the electric motors 266, 274, 290, and 306 are mounted on the frame member 228 so that an operator standing at this position can effect all of the lateral adjustments in the slotting section of the apparatus.

As illustrated in FIGS. 9-11, conventional slotting knives are mounted on the shafts 82 and 84 for rotation in the plane of rotation of each of the pairs of creasing knives 248, 278, and 292. The various sets of slotting knives are similar to each other and for the purpose of illustration, FIG. 11 illustrates the slotting knives which operate in the plane of creasing knives 292.

Thus, with reference to FIG. 11, a male slotting knife 308 is mounted on each of the shafts 92, and a pair of female slotting knives 310 is mounted on each of the shafts 84. The slotting knives are keyed to their respective shafts and are supported by the yolks 294 and 296 so that the slotting knives are moved laterally of the machine with the creasing knives on those yolks. In this regard, it may be noted in FIG. 11 that the rods 236 and 240 are provided with elongated rack gears 312, and a shaft 314 is mounted in the yolk for rotation an provided with a pair of pinion gears 316 on its ends with the pinion gears 316 in engagement with the rack gears 312 to prevent skewing of the yolks as the yolks move along the rods 236 and 240.

As illustrated in FIG. 11, the lower drive shafts 84 and 86 are vertically adjustable to permit adjustment of the slotter section to accommodate paperboard blanks of different thickness. It will also be noted that conventional stripper fingers 318 extend in between the female slotting knives to remove pieces of paperboard which are forced in between the female slotting knives by the male slotting knives.

With reference to FIG. 11, the slotting section of the apparatus also includes means For taping flaps of the box blank together when the box blank is subsequently folded. Thus, as illustrated in FIG. 10, a pair of crusher rolls 320 are mounted on the shafts 82 and 84 generally in the plane of the trimmer knives 276, and additional crushing rolls 322 are mounted on the shafts 82 and 84 generally in the plane of the other trimming knives 232. The crusher rolls 320 and 322 engage paperboard box blanks between them and reduce the thickness of the paperboard by a distance equal to the thickness of adhesive tape subsequently to be applied to the box blank. The pressure rolls 320 may also be adjusted to completely crush an edge flap on the box blank where it may be desirable to secure the box flaps together by gluing instead of taping.

A taping wheel 234 is mounted on the shaft 82 which carries the leading edge slotting knives, and the taping wheel is provided with a hollow interior connected to a manifold 236 which is adapted to be connected to the suction side of a fan. Means including a feed wheel 238 are provided for applying to the periphery of the taping wheel 234 short segments of adhesive tape in timed relation with the arrival at the taping wheel of portions of the edges of the box blanks so that a strip of adhesive tape is applied to the edge of the box blank as illustrated at 40 in FIG. 1.

Folding Section Referring now in detail to FIGS. 13-18, it will be recalled that the folding section includes vertical pairs of frame members 124, 126 and 128 with two pairs of elongated frames 130 above the path of travel of box blanks and two pairs of frames 132 below the path of travel of box blanks. The upper frame members 130 are made in the form of inverted U-shaped channels with rollers 320 mounted in the bottom open side of the channel. The interior of the channel 130 is connected by exhaust conduits to the suction side of a fan, and an elongated perforated belt 326 extends around each of the channels 130 with a flat run of the belt extending across the rollers 320 on the bottom open side of the channel. In this way, box blanks are held against the underside of the channels 130 by suction. As indicated in FIG. 15, the upper side of the lower frame member 132 is provided with a plurality of spring fingers 328 which also hold the box blanks upwardly against the underside of the channel 130. The lower frame member 132 extends only part way along the length of the upper frame member 130, and the interiors of the U-shaped channels 130 are connected to a suction supply near their upper ends by means of air ducts 330 communicating with the interior of the channels 130 and connected by flexible conduits 332 to the suction side ofa fan 334 (FIG. 1).

As indicated above, the upper and lower frames I30 and 132 are mounted on the vertical frames 124-128 for lateral adjustment, Thus, each pair of frames 124-128 are connected by cross beams 336 which have rack gears cut in their undersides. The frames 130 are supported on these beams 336 by means of sleeves 338, and the lower frames 132 are supported on the upper frames 130 by means of support beams 322 which extend from the upper frames 130 out around the sides of the path of box blanks and up under the lower frames 132.

An elongated rod 340 is mounted above each of the frame members 130 journaled in the support which holds the frame 130 to each of the sleeves 338, and a pinion gear 342 is mounted on the rod 340 engaging each of the racks on the beams 336. Thus, when one of the rods 340 is rotated, the supports for the frame 130 on all of the beams 336 move uniformly across the beams 336. A stationary screw 344 is mounted on the vertical frames 126 adjacent to and parallel to the beam 338 thereon. A frame 346 is mounted on each of the upper frames 130 adjacent to this stationary screw 344, and a sprocket 348 is mounted on each of the supports 346 threadedly received on this stationary screw 344 so that rotation of each of the sprockets 348 will cause one of the frames 130 with its depending frame 132 to move laterally of the machine. An electric motor 350 is connected by a chain 352 to each of the sprockets 348 to cause rotation of the sprockets 348, and electrical controls for the motor 350 are provided adjacent to the controls for the slotting section so that all lateral adjustments in the machine may be made simultaneously.

As illustrated in FIG. 18, the perforated belt 326 passes around a roller 354 at the upper end of each channel 130 and hence over a drive roller 356 which is driven by a shaft 358 and a motor, not shown, for driving both belts 326 in synchronization with each other. In this way, the perforated belts on the channels 130 move box blanks from the discharge area of the slotting station 18 toward the delivery station of the machine, and during travel of the box blanks from the slotting section to the vertical frames 126, the box blanks are held from below by spring fingers 328 urging the box blanks upwardly against the belts 326. As illustrated in FIGS. 13 and 15, a folding rod 360 is mounted on each of the channels 130 positioned to engage the side flaps of the box blanks and fold them through an angle of 90 from a first position parallel to the plane of the belts 326 to a second position perpendicular to that plane, That is, the folding rails 360 move from a first position adjacent to the slotting station where the rails are above the path of box blanks and spaced outwardly from the vertical planes of rotation of the creasing knives 248 and 278 as illustrated in FIG. 9. From this initial position, the folding rails move through the plane of the path of box blank travel to a position adjacent to the vertical planes through creasing knives 248 and 278. This second position is illustrated at the position of the folding rails adjacent to the vertical frame members 126. As box blanks move along the length of the folding rails, the laterally projecting box flaps are folded through an angle of 90 while the box blanks are supported from below adjacent to the fold line by the lower frames 132 and spring fingers 328. At the vertical frames 126, however, the lower frames 132 terminate thereby exposing the undersides of the panels of the box blanks which are directly in contact with the belts 326. At this position, folding belts 362 are mounted to fold the partially folded flaps through an additional 90 into positions underlying the box blank panels which directly engage the belt 326. Thus, as illustrated in FIGS. 13, 14, 17 and 18, a roller 364 is mounted adjacent to each of the channels 130 at the vertical frames 126 with the axles of the rollers 364 extending generally vertically and positioned at the side of the channels 130. A second roller 366 is mounted on a bracket 368 underneath the channel 130 adjacent to its terminal end, and the belt 362 is entrained over rollers 364 and 366 in a twisted path where the belts first engage the flap which has been folded through 90 and then folds the flap through an additional 90 until the flap is pressed against the underside of the remainder of the box blank by the belt and roller 366. At this condition, the box blank has been folded to the final condition illustrated in FIG. 1, and the box blank passes beyond the end of the belts 326 onto the delivery conveyor 136. The delivery conveyor 136 is moving laterally at a speed much slower than the speed of the belts 326 so that the folded boxes are deposited on the delivery belts 136 in shingled relation. A pair of rods 370 are mounted above the delivery conveyor 136, and a metal plate 372 is adjustably mounted on the rods 370 by means of a pair of sleeves 374. Facing toward the plate 372 is a rocker plate 376 which rocks between the full-line position illustrated in FIG. 18 and the phantom line position. The plate 376 and linkage pivoted back and forth by its pivotal mounting at axis 378 on the frame and an eccentric drive 380 and linkage 382. During set up of the machine, the position of the plate 372 is adjusted so that the distance from the plate 372 to the rocker plate 376 corresponds to the length of the folded box. After the folded boxes have passed on to the delivery conveyor 136, they are repeatedly squeezed between the plates 372 and 376 as the plate 376 moves back and forth, and this squeezing action squares the boxes. As the boxes are being squared, and after they have been squared, they move outwardly along the delivery conveyor 136 under the pressure holddown mechanism 138 described above.

While one specific embodiment of this invention has been illustrated and described in detail herein, it is obvious that many modifications thereof may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Accordingly, I claim:

1. Apparatus for transporting paperboard box blanks along a path and printing, creasing, and folding said blanks while they are moving along said path which comprises:

A. box blank feeding means mounted at one end of said path and having delivery means for delivering box blanks to said path,

B. printing means mounted adjacent to said path for receiving box blanks moving in said path and continuously advancing said box blanks along said path with said printing means having,

1. a printing roller mounted on one side of said path and having a peripheral surface adjacent to said path and mounted for movement along said path away from said feeding means,

2. a plenum chamber mounted adjacent to said roller on the opposite side of said path from said roller with said plenum chamber having an exhaust port adapted to be connected to the suction side of a fan,

3. an endless perforated belt having arun forming the side of said plenum chamber adjacent to said roller and mounted for movement along said path in the same direction as and at substantially the same speed as the adjacent surface of said roller, and 1 4. an interior baffle in said plenum chamber engaging said belt along a first plane parallel to the direction of motion of said belt run and dividing said plenum chamber into two compartments on opposite sides of said plane with one of said compartments communicating with said exhaust port,

C. box blank creasing and trimming means mounted adjacent to said path for receiving box blanks moving in said path and continuously advancing said blanks along said path with said means having,

I. a pair of trimming knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in said first plane and engaging each other in said path for trimming box blanks in said plane,

2. a pair of creasing knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in a second plane parallel to said first plane with said creasing rolls extending into said path adjacent to each other for creasing box blanks moving between them in said path,

D. box blank folding means mounted adjacent to said path in a position to receive and continuously move box blanks moving in said path after said box blanks have moved through said creasing means and said printing means with said folding means having,

1. an elongated plenum chamber extending along said path adjacent to one side of said path and adjacent to the side of said second plane opposite to said first plane with said plenum chamber adapted to be connected to the suction side of a fan,

2. a second endless perforated belt having one run thereof forming the side of said plenum chamber adjacent to said path with said belt run mounted on said plenum chamber for continuous movement away from said printing and creasing means, and

3. elongated flap folding means mounted adjacent to said plenum chamber with said flap folding means extending along the length of said plenum'chamber,

a. from a first position between said first and second planes on the same side of said path as said second belt run,

b. hence through said path and said second plane,

0. to a second position adjacent to said path on the opposite side of said path from said second belt run and on the side of said second plane opposite to said first plane,

E. first adjusting means for moving said bafile and said trimming knives in a direction perpendicular to said second plane, and

F. second adjusting means for moving said elongated plenum chamber and said creasing knives in a direction perpendicular to said first plane.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 in which said creasing and trimming means includes:

A. two pairs of guide rods with said pairs mounted on opposite sides of said path perpendicular to said planes,

B. a yoke mounted on each of said pairs of guide rods with one knife of said pair of trimming knives mounted on each of said yokes, and

C. screw and chain means forming said first adjusting means with said screw and chain means comprising,

1. a first screw rotatably mounted on one side of said path perpendicular to said planes and connected to one of said yokes for moving said yoke perpendicular to said planes when said screw is rotated,

2. a second screw rotatably mounted on the other side of said path perpendicular to said planes and connected to the other of said yokes for moving said yoke perpendicular to said planes when said screw is rotated,

3. a third screw extending through said first plenum chamber perpendicular to said planes and connected to said baffle for moving said baffle perpendicular to said planes when said screw is rotated, and

4. chain and sprocket means connected to said first, second and third screws for rotating all of said screws simultaneously.

3. The apparatus of claim 2 characterized further in that,

A. said compartment of said printing mean plenum chamber which is in communication with said exhaust port has a stationary edge in a third plane which is parallel to said first and second planes and on the side of said second plane opposite to said first plane,

B. said creasing and trimming means includes,

1. a second pair of trimming knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in said third plane,

2. a second pair of creasing knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in a fourth plane parallel to and between said second and third planes,

3. a third pair of creasing knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in a fifth plane parallel to and between said second and fourth planes,

4. additional yokes mounted on said guide rods for movement perpendicular to said planes with a separate one of said yokes connected to each of said creasing knives,

5. a screw connected to each one of said additional yokes and rotatably mounted perpendicular to said planes for moving said additional yokes perpendicular to said planes when said screws are rotated,

6. connecting means interconnecting said screws which are connected to the yokes supporting each pair of said creasing knives for rotating said screws in synchronization and moving the knives of said pair in synchronization, and

7. adjusting means positioned adjacent to said third plane for rotating all of said screws, and

C. said box blank folding means includes a planes elongated plenum chamber, perforated belt and flap-folding means for folding flaps on said box blank from positions located between said third and fourth planes to positions between said fourth and first planes on the opposite side of said path from said elongated plenum chamber.

4. The apparatus of claim 3 in which,

A. the distance between said first and second planes equals the distance between said fourth and fifth planes,

B. the distance between said second and fifth planes equals the distance between said third and fourth planes, and

C. stationary taping means are positioned for applying to box blanks in said path strips of tape which extend along the length of said path straddling said third plane.

5. The apparatus of claim 1 in which said box blank feeding means comprise,

A. a frame,

B. a plenum chamber having an open top and an exhaust port adapted to be connected to the suction side of a fan,

C. an endless perforated belt having one run thereof extending across said open top of said plenum chamber, D. a generally vertlcal wall mounted on said frame above said belt run with said wall having a lower edge extending along the width of said belt run and spaced above said belt run for permitting individual box blanks to pass between said edge and said belt run,

E. kicker means mounted on said frame above said belt run for reciprocal movement over the top of said belt run toward said wall for driving individual box blanks under said edge of said wall, and

F. drive means for said belt and said kicker means with said drive means comprising,

1. selectively operable means for continuously moving said belt along its length and,

2. selectively operable means for reciprocating said kicker over said belt run toward and away from said wall.

6. Apparatus for creasing and slotting paperboard box blanks which comprises,

A. transport means for moving box blanks along a path and in a predetermined direction,

B. a plurality of pairs of creasing knives mounted in different planes with the knives of each pair mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in a plane perpendicular to said path and parallel to said predetermined direction and with said knives of each pair extending into said path adjacent to each other for creasing box blanks moving along said path,

C at least one pair of slotting knives mounted for rotation in each of said planes in which said creasing knives rotate with the slotting knives of each pair mounted on opposite sides of said path and engaging each other in said path for slotting box blanks moving along said path,

D. rotary drive shafts extending perpendicular to said planes with said knives mounted on said shafts for longitudinal movement thereon,

E, a pair of guide rods mounted on each side of said path parallel to said drive shafts,

F. a pair of yokes for each of said pairs of creasing knives with one yoke of each pair mounted for longitudinal movement on one of said pairs of guide rods and with the other yoke of each pair mounted for longitudinal movement on the other of said pairs of guide rods,

G. guide means connecting a pair of said creasing knives and the pair of slotting knives which rotate coplanar therewith to each of said pairs of yokes for positioning said knives in planes determined by the positions of said yokes,

H. screw means connected to each of said yokes for moving said yokes parallel to said drive shafts responsive to rotation of said screw means, and

I. drive means for rotating said screw means with said drive means including means for synchronously rotating the screw means connected to the yokes of each pair of yokes.

Claims (22)

1. Apparatus for transporting paperboard box blanks along a path and printing, creasing, and folding said blanks while they are moving along said path which comprises: A. box blank feeding means mounted at one end of said path and having delivery means for delivering box blanks to said path, B. printing means mounted adjacent to said path for receiving box blanks moving in said path and continuously advancing said box blanks along said path with said printing means having, 1. a printing roller mounted on one side of said path and having a peripheral surface adjacent to said path and mounted for movement along said path away from said feeding means, 2. a plenum chamber mounted adjacent to said roller on the opposite side of said path from said roller wIth said plenum chamber having an exhaust port adapted to be connected to the suction side of a fan, 3. an endless perforated belt having a run forming the side of said plenum chamber adjacent to said roller and mounted for movement along said path in the same direction as and at substantially the same speed as the adjacent surface of said roller, and 4. an interior baffle in said plenum chamber engaging said belt along a first plane parallel to the direction of motion of said belt run and dividing said plenum chamber into two compartments on opposite sides of said plane with one of said compartments communicating with said exhaust port, C. box blank creasing and trimming means mounted adjacent to said path for receiving box blanks moving in said path and continuously advancing said blanks along said path with said means having, 1. a pair of trimming knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in said first plane and engaging each other in said path for trimming box blanks in said plane, 2. a pair of creasing knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in a second plane parallel to said first plane with said creasing rolls extending into said path adjacent to each other for creasing box blanks moving between them in said path, D. box blank folding means mounted adjacent to said path in a position to receive and continuously move box blanks moving in said path after said box blanks have moved through said creasing means and said printing means with said folding means having, 1. an elongated plenum chamber extending along said path adjacent to one side of said path and adjacent to the side of said second plane opposite to said first plane with said plenum chamber adapted to be connected to the suction side of a fan, 2. a second endless perforated belt having one run thereof forming the side of said plenum chamber adjacent to said path with said belt run mounted on said plenum chamber for continuous movement away from said printing and creasing means, and 3. elongated flap folding means mounted adjacent to said plenum chamber with said flap folding means extending along the length of said plenum chamber, a. from a first position between said first and second planes on the same side of said path as said second belt run, b. hence through said path and said second plane, c. to a second position adjacent to said path on the opposite side of said path from said second belt run and on the side of said second plane opposite to said first plane, E. first adjusting means for moving said baffle and said trimming knives in a direction perpendicular to said second plane, and F. second adjusting means for moving said elongated plenum chamber and said creasing knives in a direction perpendicular to said first plane.
2. a plenum chamber mounted adjacent to said roller on the opposite side of said path from said roller wIth said plenum chamber having an exhaust port adapted to be connected to the suction side of a fan,
2. The apparatus of claim 1 in which said creasing and trimming means includes: A. two pairs of guide rods with said pairs mounted on opposite sides of said path perpendicular to said planes, B. a yoke mounted on each of said pairs of guide rods with one knife of said pair of trimming knives mounted on each of said yokes, and C. screw and chain means forming said first adjusting means with said screw and chain means comprising,
2. a second screw rotatably mounted on the other side of said path perpendicular to said planes and connected to the other of said yokes for moving said yoke perpendicular to said planes when said screw is rotated,
2. a second pair of creasing knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in a fourth plane parallel to and between said second and third planes,
2. a pair of creasing knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in a second plane parallel to said first plane with said creasing rolls extending into said path adjacent to each other for creasing box blanks moving between them in said path, D. box blank folding means mounted adjacent to said path in a position to receive and continuously move box blanks moving in said path after said box blanks have moved through said creasing means and said printing means with said folding means having,
2. a second endless perforated belt having one run thereof forming the side of said plenum chamber adjacent to said path with said belt run mounted on said plenum chamber for continuous movement away from said printing and creasing means, and
2. selectively operable means for reciprocating said kicker over said belt run toward and away from said wall.
3. The apparatus of claim 2 characterized further in that, A. said compartment of said printing mean plenum chamber which is in communication with said exhaust port has a stationary edge in a third plane which is parallel to said first and second planes and on the side of said second plane opposite to said first plane, B. said creasing and trimming means includes,
3. elongated flap folding means mounted adjacent to said plenum chamber with said flap folding means extending along the length of said plenum chamber, a. from a first position between said first and second planes on the same side of said path as said second belt run, b. hence through said path and said second plane, c. to a second position adjacent to said path on the opposite side of said path from said second belt run and on the side of said second plane opposite to said first plane, E. first adjusting means for moving said baffle and said trimming knives in a direction perpendicular to said second plane, and F. second adjusting means for moving said elongated plenum chamber and said creasing knives in a direction perpendicular to said first plane.
3. a third pair of creasing knives mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in a fifth plane parallel to and between said second and fourth planes,
3. a third screw extending through said first plenum chamber perpendicular to said planes and connected to said baffle for moving said baffle perpendicular to said planes when said screw is rotated, and
3. an endless perforated belt having a run forming the side of said plenum chamber adjacent to said roller and mounted for movement along said path in the same direction as and at substantially the same speed as the adjacent surface of said roller, and
4. an interior baffle in said plenum chamber engaging said belt along a first plane parallel to the direction of motion of said belt run and dividing said plenum chamber into two compartments on opposite sides of said plane with one of said compartments communicating with said exhaust port, C. box blank creasing and trimming means mounted adjacent to said path for receiving box blanks moving in said path and continuously advancing said blanks along said path with said means having,
4. chain and sprocket means coNnected to said first, second and third screws for rotating all of said screws simultaneously.
4. additional yokes mounted on said guide rods for movement perpendicular to said planes with a separate one of said yokes connected to each of said creasing knives,
4. The apparatus of claim 3 in which, A. the distance between said first and second planes equals the distance between said fourth and fifth planes, B. the distance between said second and fifth planes equals the distance between said third and fourth planes, and C. stationary taping means are positioned for applying to box blanks in said path strips of tape which extend along the length of said path straddling said third plane.
5. The apparatus of claim 1 in which said box blank feeding means comprise, A. a frame, B. a plenum chamber having an open top and an exhaust port adapted to be connected to the suction side of a fan, C. an endless perforated belt having one run thereof extending across said open top of said plenum chamber, D. a generally vertical wall mounted on said frame above said belt run with said wall having a lower edge extending along the width of said belt run and spaced above said belt run for permitting individual box blanks to pass between said edge and said belt run, E. kicker means mounted on said frame above said belt run for reciprocal movement over the top of said belt run toward said wall for driving individual box blanks under said edge of said wall, and F. drive means for said belt and said kicker means with said drive means comprising,
5. a screw connected to each one of said additional yokes and rotatably mounted perpendicular to said planes for moving said additional yokes perpendicular to said planes when said screws are rotated,
6. connecting means interconnecting said screws which are connected to the yokes supporting each pair of said creasing knives for rotating said screws in synchronization and moving the knives of said pair in synchronization, and
6. Apparatus for creasing and slotting paperboard box blanks which comprises, A. transport means for moving box blanks along a path and in a predetermined direction, B. a plurality of pairs of creasing knives mounted in different planes with the knives of each pair mounted on opposite sides of said path for rotation in a plane perpendicular to said path and parallel to said predetermined direction and with said knives of each pair eXtending into said path adjacent to each other for creasing box blanks moving along said path, C. at least one pair of slotting knives mounted for rotation in each of said planes in which said creasing knives rotate with the slotting knives of each pair mounted on opposite sides of said path and engaging each other in said path for slotting box blanks moving along said path, D. rotary drive shafts extending perpendicular to said planes with said knives mounted on said shafts for longitudinal movement thereon, E. a pair of guide rods mounted on each side of said path parallel to said drive shafts, F. a pair of yokes for each of said pairs of creasing knives with one yoke of each pair mounted for longitudinal movement on one of said pairs of guide rods and with the other yoke of each pair mounted for longitudinal movement on the other of said pairs of guide rods, G. guide means connecting a pair of said creasing knives and the pair of slotting knives which rotate coplanar therewith to each of said pairs of yokes for positioning said knives in planes determined by the positions of said yokes, H. screw means connected to each of said yokes for moving said yokes parallel to said drive shafts responsive to rotation of said screw means, and I. drive means for rotating said screw means with said drive means including means for synchronously rotating the screw means connected to the yokes of each pair of yokes.
7. adjusting means positioned adjacent to said third plane for rotating all of said screws, and C. said box blank folding means includes a planes elongated plenum chamber, perforated belt and flap-folding means for folding flaps on said box blank from positions located between said third and fourth planes to positions between said fourth and first planes on the opposite side of said path from said elongated plenum chamber.
US3611884A 1970-01-26 1970-01-26 Box making machine Expired - Lifetime US3611884A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3771425A (en) * 1970-09-30 1973-11-13 M Matsuo Cardboard box blank and apparatus for making the same
US3803992A (en) * 1971-10-19 1974-04-16 Precision Industries Apparatus for folding and taping box blanks
US3882764A (en) * 1972-04-27 1975-05-13 Simon Ltd Henry Case making machinery
US4332579A (en) * 1979-08-06 1982-06-01 Simon Container Machinery Limited Production of cases
US4368052A (en) * 1980-08-18 1983-01-11 Peerless Metal Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for lining bulk box blanks
US4524557A (en) * 1984-01-09 1985-06-25 Pitney Bowes Inc. Sheet processing apparatus
US4563169A (en) * 1982-06-01 1986-01-07 Virta Arthur W Method and apparatus for folding container blanks
US4604083A (en) * 1983-02-21 1986-08-05 Bobst Sa Machine for manufacturing folded boxes
US4608038A (en) * 1984-10-30 1986-08-26 A. W. Virta & Associates, Inc. Apparatus and method for lining, folding and gluing container blanks
US4807428A (en) * 1986-05-16 1989-02-28 Vega Automation Packing machine for American boxes
US5035683A (en) * 1989-04-07 1991-07-30 Kabushiki Kaisha Ishikawa Seisakusho Ltd. Folding device in a corrugated cardboard box making machine
US5624369A (en) * 1994-12-15 1997-04-29 Griffin Automation, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming slotted and creased box blanks
WO1997015439A1 (en) * 1995-10-23 1997-05-01 Lawrence Paper Company Box blank printer/slotter apparatus
US5699710A (en) * 1995-08-10 1997-12-23 Lawrence Paper Company Slotter wheel mechanism having selectively rotatable slotter blade
US6026727A (en) * 1996-03-07 2000-02-22 Lawrence Paper Company Rotary scoring apparatus having retractable scoring blade
WO2000050227A1 (en) * 1999-02-26 2000-08-31 United Engineering S.A.S. Method for feeding flat or tubular flattened blanks to carton forming or packaging machines
US6682469B1 (en) * 2000-11-17 2004-01-27 Recot, Inc. Inside printing of flexible packages
US20040110621A1 (en) * 2002-12-05 2004-06-10 Katilas Leonard T. Printing machine with flexible folding guide
US20040121891A1 (en) * 2002-12-19 2004-06-24 Sonoco Development, Inc. Stage cut patterns for linear drawn composite containers
US20040138037A1 (en) * 2001-04-23 2004-07-15 Karl-Heinz Kruger Machine for the production of ready-glued folding boxes arranged in a planar manner
US20150024917A1 (en) * 2012-02-20 2015-01-22 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Printing &Packaging Machinery, Ltd. Sheet folding device and carton former
US20160243784A1 (en) * 2015-02-20 2016-08-25 Kabushiki Kaisha Isowa Folder-gluer

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US1547603A (en) * 1924-07-08 1925-07-28 F X Hooper Company Cutting attachment for printing presses
US2720162A (en) * 1949-04-05 1955-10-11 Emhart Mfg Co Cartoning machine with printer
DE1182038B (en) * 1961-10-27 1964-11-19 Koppers Co Inc od apparatus for generating slots to cardboard blanks for the carton. like.
US3153991A (en) * 1963-03-04 1964-10-27 St Regis Paper Co Apparatus for the manufacture of composite carton blanks
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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3771425A (en) * 1970-09-30 1973-11-13 M Matsuo Cardboard box blank and apparatus for making the same
US3803992A (en) * 1971-10-19 1974-04-16 Precision Industries Apparatus for folding and taping box blanks
US3882764A (en) * 1972-04-27 1975-05-13 Simon Ltd Henry Case making machinery
US4332579A (en) * 1979-08-06 1982-06-01 Simon Container Machinery Limited Production of cases
US4368052A (en) * 1980-08-18 1983-01-11 Peerless Metal Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for lining bulk box blanks
US4563169A (en) * 1982-06-01 1986-01-07 Virta Arthur W Method and apparatus for folding container blanks
US4604083A (en) * 1983-02-21 1986-08-05 Bobst Sa Machine for manufacturing folded boxes
US4524557A (en) * 1984-01-09 1985-06-25 Pitney Bowes Inc. Sheet processing apparatus
US4608038A (en) * 1984-10-30 1986-08-26 A. W. Virta & Associates, Inc. Apparatus and method for lining, folding and gluing container blanks
US4807428A (en) * 1986-05-16 1989-02-28 Vega Automation Packing machine for American boxes
US5035683A (en) * 1989-04-07 1991-07-30 Kabushiki Kaisha Ishikawa Seisakusho Ltd. Folding device in a corrugated cardboard box making machine
US5624369A (en) * 1994-12-15 1997-04-29 Griffin Automation, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming slotted and creased box blanks
US5699710A (en) * 1995-08-10 1997-12-23 Lawrence Paper Company Slotter wheel mechanism having selectively rotatable slotter blade
US5816994A (en) * 1995-10-23 1998-10-06 Lawrence Paper Company Box-blank printer/slotting apparatus
WO1997015439A1 (en) * 1995-10-23 1997-05-01 Lawrence Paper Company Box blank printer/slotter apparatus
US6026727A (en) * 1996-03-07 2000-02-22 Lawrence Paper Company Rotary scoring apparatus having retractable scoring blade
WO2000050227A1 (en) * 1999-02-26 2000-08-31 United Engineering S.A.S. Method for feeding flat or tubular flattened blanks to carton forming or packaging machines
US6682469B1 (en) * 2000-11-17 2004-01-27 Recot, Inc. Inside printing of flexible packages
US20040138037A1 (en) * 2001-04-23 2004-07-15 Karl-Heinz Kruger Machine for the production of ready-glued folding boxes arranged in a planar manner
US20040110621A1 (en) * 2002-12-05 2004-06-10 Katilas Leonard T. Printing machine with flexible folding guide
US20040121891A1 (en) * 2002-12-19 2004-06-24 Sonoco Development, Inc. Stage cut patterns for linear drawn composite containers
US20150024917A1 (en) * 2012-02-20 2015-01-22 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Printing &Packaging Machinery, Ltd. Sheet folding device and carton former
US9833963B2 (en) * 2012-02-20 2017-12-05 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Printing & Packaging Machinery, Ltd. Sheet folding device and carton former
US20160243784A1 (en) * 2015-02-20 2016-08-25 Kabushiki Kaisha Isowa Folder-gluer

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