US3610480A - Aerosol dispensing apparatus - Google Patents

Aerosol dispensing apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3610480A
US3610480A US3610480DA US3610480A US 3610480 A US3610480 A US 3610480A US 3610480D A US3610480D A US 3610480DA US 3610480 A US3610480 A US 3610480A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
casing
nozzle
dispensing
position
inclined
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Donald E Lipfert
Wilfred Goldschmidt
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Geigy Chemical Corp
Original Assignee
Geigy Chemical Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M15/00Inhalators
    • A61M15/009Inhalators using medicine packages with incorporated spraying means, e.g. aerosol cans
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M15/00Inhalators
    • A61M15/0001Details of inhalators; Constructional features thereof
    • A61M15/0021Mouthpieces therefor

Abstract

A conventional aerosol dispenser of medicament as an oral spray is encased within a plastic cylindrical casing. A cylindrical dispensing nozzle is pivoted on the casing for movement to a nondispensing position in which it is an axial extension of the casing, and to a dispensing position at a right angle to the casing. In the latter position depression of the nozzle effects discharge of a medicament spray.

Description

United States Patent Donald E. Lipl'ert Woolwich, Maine;

Wilfred Goldschmidt, Syosset, N.Y. 846,402

July 31, 1969 Oct. 5, 1971 Geigy Chemical Corporation Ardsley, N.Y.

Inventors Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee AEROSOL DISPENSING APPARATUS 3 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.

U.S. Cl ..222/402.2l, ZZZ/402.11, 222/536, 222/553 Int. Cl 865d 83/00 Field of Search .111:

[56] References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS 2,023,230 12/1935 Hutton 222/537 3,184,115 5/1965 Meshberg 222/183 Primary ExaminerRobert B. Reeves Assistant Examiner-John P. Shannon, Jr. Attorney-Townshend & Meserole ABSTRACT: A conventional aerosol dispenser of medicament as an oral spray is encased within a plastic cylindrical casing. A cylindrical dispensing nozzle is pivoted on the casing for movement to a nondispensing position in which it is an axial extension of the casing, and to a dispensing position at a right angle to the casing. 1n the latter position depression of the nozzle effects discharge of a medicament spray.

PATENTEIJUET 5 I97! w m m 3 6 W W M u O m E 5 m W F H Cl U H A CL. D 7 7 l E l m mm 2 3 H\ AIL q u Wm .4l. TIL mw DW 4 5 H 1% l l M AEROSOL DISPENSING APPARATUS BACKGROUND 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to the art of atomizer medicators of the oral inhalation type, by which a fluid medicament may be selfadministered from a portable container. The medicament is discharged from the container in the form of a spray delivered as a separate, predetermined, dosage quantity at each application.

2. Description of the Prior Art The prior art with which the present invention is directly concerned is replete with portable atomizers which, in general, individually comprise a casing that houses a container of liquid medicament for discharge under pressure of a propellant gas in the container and with which it is mixed to form a spray. Valve-controlled discharge is effected through a nozzle which projects laterally from the main body of the casing. This angular relationship makes the assembly unduly bulky and militates against pocket or purse trhansportation; so that in most cases it becomes merely another home medicine cabinet encumbrance.

In an effort to eliminate the awkward lateral projection of the dispensing nozzle the prior art has developed a package arrangement in which the aerosol container casing and the dispensing nozzle are detachably coupled in axial alignment when in nondispensing, carrying position. However, in order to use the atomizer the dispensing nozzle must be removed from the casing and then reattached thereto in dispensing position extending laterally from the casing.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides an aerosol dispensing apparatus constituted as a small cylindrical package designed so that it may be carried in a pocket or purse without fear of accidental dispensing operation. The package comprises a substantially cylindrical casing which houses a medicament container of the conventional aerosol type, and a substantially cylindrical tubular dispensing nozzle coupled to the casing by means permitting manual movement of the nozzle through a limited arc of oscillation about which an axis is inclined to and intersects the longitudinal axis of the casing. At one limit of its arc of oscillation the nozzle is in nondispensing position as an axial extension of the casing, and at its other limit of oscillation the nozzle extends laterally from the upper end of the casing in dispensing position at substantially a right angle relative to the longitudinal axis of the casing. The aerosol container casing and the dispensing nozzle are pivotally connected in such manner that when it is desired to operate the aerosol the package may be converted from nondispensing carry position to fully operative dispensing position simply by turning the dispensing nozzle in a counterclockwise (unscrewing) direction. This action automatically carries the dispensing nozzle from its initial position as an axial extension of the easing into its dispensing position in which it projects laterally from the casing.

THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is perspective view of an assembled atomizer in its initial nondispensing position.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the atomizer in dispensing position.

FIG. 3 is an axial sectional view of the atomizer in its FIG. 1 position.

FIG. 4 is an axial sectional view of the atomizer in its FIG. 2 position.

FIG. 5 is a sectional view on line 5-5 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary view similar to FIG. 4, but illustrating a stage in dispensing operation of the atomizer.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A medicament container 10 of the copventional aerosol dispenser type is housed within a cylindrical casing 11 that is open at its upper end with its top edge 12 lying in a plane which intersects the longitudinal axis of the casing at an angle of substantially 45. On the known aerosol dispenser here shown, a manually depressible tubular stem 13 operates a valve (not shown) to discharge through the stem a predetermined dosage quantity of medicament mixed with propellant gas following each depression and release of the stem. The upper end of valve stem 13 has force-fit communication with a bore 14 in the body of an adapter 15. The upper end portion of bore 14 is directed laterally at substantially a right angle to the longitudinal axis of the casing 11 and opens to the apex of a conical diffusion chamber 16 from which a mixture of medicament and propellant gas is discharged as a spray upon each service operation of the aerosol.

The adapter 15 is a cylindrical tubular member freely slidable axially within the open upper end portion of the casing II but not rotatable therein. In effect, the adapter 15 is a pistonlike member having a head 17 occupying a plane parallel to the inclined plane of the top edge I2 of casing 11. A cylindrical skirt l8 depends from the head 17 and is provided, as best seen in FIG. 5, with external axial ribs 19 that slide in complemental grooves in the inner wall face of the casing 11 and prevent relative rotation between the adapter and the casing. The parts of the assembly thus far described are so dimensioned that when they are in initail, nondispensing position they occupy the relative positions shown in FIG. 3, with the upper face of the adapter head 17 lying flush with the top edge 12 of casing 11. As hereinafter explained, the adapter 15 is an operating member for the dispensing valve (not shown) of the aerosol, acting through the valve stem I3.

A tubular spray-directing nozzle 19 is carried by the adapter 15 and is connected thereto for rotation bodily on an inclined axis which intersects the longitudinal axis of the casing 11 at an angle equal to the angle at which the inclined plane of the head 17 of the adapter intersects the longitudinal axis of the casing. In the embodiment of the invention herein shown, the connection comprises a central stub axle 20 integral with the head 17 of the adapter and extending from its upper face on an axis of inclination that is normal to the plane of inclination of the face of the head. Axle member 20 is in screw-threaded engagement with a hub 21 integral with the inner end of the nozzle 19.

The foot (inner end) of the nozzle is formed with an exter' nal horseshoe-shaped flange 22 that partially encircles the foot as best shown in FIG. I; leaving a toe portion 23 unflanged In the carry position of the parts as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, the casing 11 and the nozzle 19 are in axial alignment with the toe portion 23 of the nozzle seated on and over the complemental underlying area of the casing top edge I2 at its low side, and with the horseshoe flange 22 seated on and over the remaining underlying area of the casing top edge. This relationship of the parts defines one limit position of the arc of oscillation of the dispensing nozzle. It will be apparent from FIG. 1 that when the parts are in carry position the abutting engagement of the dispensing nozzle flange 22 and toe portion 23 with the top edge 12 of the casing renders impossible any inadvertent depression of the nozzle relative to the casing; thus assuring that no discharge of medicant can possibly occur while the atomizer is in nondispensing carry position.

Furthermore, it is apparent from FIG. 3 that when the parts are in carry position, with the container 11 and the dispensing nozzle axially aligned, the interior wall of the dispensing nozzle completely covers the diffusion chamber 16 of the adapter 15 and seals it against intrusion of foreign matter.

While the package is in carry position as seen in FIGS. I and 3, it is not possible to effect a discharge of medicament from the container 10, as previously explained. When it is desired to effect a dosage discharge of medicament spray the nozzle 19 is turned counter clockwise in an unscrewing action which automatically carries the nozzle to its dispensing position as seen in FIG. 2. In this dispensing position of the parts of nozzle 19 will have been rotated through an arc of 180 so that'its toe portion 23 assumes the position shown in FlGS. 4 and 6. During this unscrewing action the hub 21 of the dispensing nozzle is backed off the stub axle 20 of the adapter to space the inner end of the nozzle from the inclined head 17 of the adapter, giving a clearance space therebetween that is sufficient to permit depression of the nozzle to its FIG. 6 position. Depression of the nozzle correspondingly depresses the adapter head 17 to push down the valve stem 13 and thus actuate its valve to condition the dispenser for discharge of a predetermined quantity of medicant spray when pressure on the nozzle is released to permit return of the nozzle to its raised position as shown in F IG. 4.

We claim:

I. A medicament-spray-dispensing package comprising in combination: an aerosol container including a value means, a cylindrical casing housing said container and include an open upper end the edge of which lies within a plane obliquely inclined to and intersecting the longitudinal axis of said casing, a closure member coaxially slideably disposed within the upper end portion of said casing the including a top face obliquely inclined in a plane parallel to the plane of the adjacent edge of said casing, means defining a discharge orifice in said closure member in communication with said medicament container, a tubular dispensing nozzle moveable between dispensing and nondispensing positions, said nozzle including a bore through which medicament may be selectively dispensed, means defining an inner end portion on said nozzle including an obliquely inclined portion complementary to said obliquely inclined portion of said casing and means interconnecting said casing and said nozzle for relative rotational movement of said nozzle circumferentially with respect to the longitudinal axis of said casing between substantially coaxial nondispensing and substantially transverse dispensing positions.

2. A medicament-spray-dispensing package comprising in combination a casing for housing an aerosol container, said casing including an open upper end the edge of which lies within a plane obliquely inclined to and intersecting the longitudinal axis of said casing, a tubular dispensing nozzle rotatively moveable between dispensing and nondispensing positions and including a bore through which medicament may be dispensed, means defining an inner end portion on said nozzle including an obliquely inclined portion complementary to said obliquely inclined portion of said casing means mounting said nozzle on said casing for rotational movement with respect thereto wherein said obliquely inclined portions of said casing and said nozzle are parallel to each other in all relative positions.

3. The dispensing package defined by claim 1 wherein said obliquely inclined portions of said casing and said nozzle are in contact with each other in said nondispensing position and in spaced parallel relation to each other in said dispensing position.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 1 610 1 Dated October 5 197].

fls) Donald E. Lipfert and Wilfred Goldschmidt It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Col. 3, line 18 "value" should be valve Col. 3, line 23 "the" should be. d

Signed and sealed this 9th day of May 1972.

(1mm) A1; be s L;

EDWARD M.FLJ:!;TCHER,JR. ROBERT GOT'I'SCHALK At to :2 Li ng Office r' Commissions of Patents ORM PO-IOSO (10-69! USCOMM-DC 6D376-PB9 U 5 GOVERNMENT PRlNTlNG OFFICE v 19.9 O366-334

Claims (3)

1. A medicament-spray-dispensing package comprising in combination: an aerosol container including a value means, a cylindrical casing housing said container and include an open upper end the edge of which lies within a plane obliquely inclined to and intersecting the longitudinal axis of said casing, a closure member coaxially slideably disposed within the upper end portion of said casing the including a top face obliquely inclined in a plane parallel to the plane of the adjacent edge of said casing, means defining a discharge orifice in said closure member in communication with said medicament container, a tubular dispensing nozzle moveable between dispensing and nondispensing positions, said nozzle including a bore through which medicament may be selectively dispensed, means defining an inner end portion on said nozzle including an obliquely inclined portion complementary to said obliquely inclined portion of said casing and means interconnecting said casing and said nozzle for relative rotational movement of said nozzle circumferentially with respect to the longitudinal axis of said casing between substantially coaxial nondispensing and substantially transverse dispensing positions.
2. A medicament-spray-dispensing package comprising in combination a casing for housing an aerosol container, said casing including an open upper end the edge of which lies within a plane obliquely inclined to and intersecting the longitudinal axis of said casing, a tubular dispensing nozzle rotatively moveable between dispensing and nondispensing positions and including a bore through which medicament may be dispensed, means defining an inner end portion on said nozzle including an obliquely inclined portion complementary to said obliquely inclined portion of said casing means mounting said nozzle on said casing for rotational movement with respect thereto wherein said obliquely inclined portions of said casing and said nozzle are parallel to each other in all relative positions.
3. The dispensing package defined by claim 1 wherein said obliquely inclined portions of said casing and said nozzle are in contact with each other in said nondispensing position and in spaced parallel relation to each other in said dispensing position.
US3610480A 1969-07-31 1969-07-31 Aerosol dispensing apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3610480A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US84640269 true 1969-07-31 1969-07-31

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3610480A true US3610480A (en) 1971-10-05

Family

ID=25297826

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3610480A Expired - Lifetime US3610480A (en) 1969-07-31 1969-07-31 Aerosol dispensing apparatus

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US3610480A (en)
CA (1) CA936137A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2594808A1 (en) * 1986-02-21 1987-08-28 Oreal Device for actuating a valve mounted on a pressurized container
US4865230A (en) * 1986-10-14 1989-09-12 Schering Corporation Fluid dispenser
US5115803A (en) * 1990-08-31 1992-05-26 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aerosol actuator providing increased respirable fraction
US5533498A (en) * 1990-08-31 1996-07-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aerosol actuator having a linearly arranged canister receiving cavity, valve stem receptacle, orifice, and deagglomeration chamber
US6397837B1 (en) * 1999-07-22 2002-06-04 Martin W. Ferris Inhaler assistive device
US20030057235A1 (en) * 2001-09-04 2003-03-27 Gueret Jean-Louis H. Device for dispensing a product
FR2836902A1 (en) * 2002-03-05 2003-09-12 Oreal Dispensing head has movable cannula intended to equip a packaging and dispensing device
US20040222245A1 (en) * 2003-04-24 2004-11-11 Lindal Ventil Gmbh Spraying cap
US20070119973A1 (en) * 2004-01-07 2007-05-31 Hedwig Van Roy Adjustable sprinkler nozzle
US20080135576A1 (en) * 2004-11-19 2008-06-12 Raymond Bacon Substance Source
US20080264981A1 (en) * 2004-09-06 2008-10-30 Claus Leonhardt Jensen Nozzle for Use in Connection with Dosing of a Material from a Container, Method and Use Thereof
US20090151723A1 (en) * 2006-07-11 2009-06-18 Friedrich Sanner Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for dosed administration of sprayable substances
GB2534986A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-08-10 Mirror 5 Ltd Inhaler housing

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2594808A1 (en) * 1986-02-21 1987-08-28 Oreal Device for actuating a valve mounted on a pressurized container
US4775081A (en) * 1986-02-21 1988-10-04 L'oreal Device for the actuator of a valve fitted on a pressurized container
US4865230A (en) * 1986-10-14 1989-09-12 Schering Corporation Fluid dispenser
US5115803A (en) * 1990-08-31 1992-05-26 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aerosol actuator providing increased respirable fraction
US5533498A (en) * 1990-08-31 1996-07-09 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aerosol actuator having a linearly arranged canister receiving cavity, valve stem receptacle, orifice, and deagglomeration chamber
US5669376A (en) * 1990-08-31 1997-09-23 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aerosol actuator having a linearly arranged canister receiving cavity, valve stem receptacle, orifice, and deagglomeration chamber
US6397837B1 (en) * 1999-07-22 2002-06-04 Martin W. Ferris Inhaler assistive device
US6681763B2 (en) 1999-07-22 2004-01-27 Martin W. Ferris Inhaler assistive device
US7168598B2 (en) * 2001-09-04 2007-01-30 L'oreal Device for dispensing a product
US20030057235A1 (en) * 2001-09-04 2003-03-27 Gueret Jean-Louis H. Device for dispensing a product
EP1352689A1 (en) * 2002-03-05 2003-10-15 L'oreal Dispensing head with movable cannula for a storing and dispensing device
FR2836902A1 (en) * 2002-03-05 2003-09-12 Oreal Dispensing head has movable cannula intended to equip a packaging and dispensing device
US7097078B2 (en) 2002-03-05 2006-08-29 L'oreal Dispensing cap with a portable cannula, designed for fitting onto a packaging and dispensing device
US20040222245A1 (en) * 2003-04-24 2004-11-11 Lindal Ventil Gmbh Spraying cap
US7004359B2 (en) * 2003-04-24 2006-02-28 Lindal Ventil Gmbh Spraying cap
US20070119973A1 (en) * 2004-01-07 2007-05-31 Hedwig Van Roy Adjustable sprinkler nozzle
US20080264981A1 (en) * 2004-09-06 2008-10-30 Claus Leonhardt Jensen Nozzle for Use in Connection with Dosing of a Material from a Container, Method and Use Thereof
US7931175B2 (en) * 2004-09-06 2011-04-26 Claus Leonhardt Jensen And Finn Holme Hjort Nozzle for use in connection with dosing of a material from a container, method and use thereof
US20080135576A1 (en) * 2004-11-19 2008-06-12 Raymond Bacon Substance Source
US9707360B2 (en) 2004-11-19 2017-07-18 Clinical Designs Limited Substance source
US9004062B2 (en) * 2006-07-11 2015-04-14 Sanner Gmbh Device for dosed administration of sprayable substances with operating and release options
US20090151723A1 (en) * 2006-07-11 2009-06-18 Friedrich Sanner Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for dosed administration of sprayable substances
GB2534986A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-08-10 Mirror 5 Ltd Inhaler housing
GB2534986B (en) * 2015-12-02 2017-03-22 Mirror 5 Ltd Inhaler housing
WO2017093721A1 (en) * 2015-12-02 2017-06-08 Mirror 5 Ltd Inhaler housing

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA936137A (en) 1973-10-30 grant
CA936137A1 (en) grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3633795A (en) Foam dispenser
US3628700A (en) Premeasured liquid spray and foam dispenser
US3361306A (en) Aerosol unit dispensing uniform amounts of a medically active ingredient
US3622053A (en) Aerosol inhaler with flip-up nozzle
US3170462A (en) Aerosol ophthalmic device
US3429483A (en) Captive actuator for pressure operated container
US3169677A (en) Valve mechanism with metering ball for aerosol pressure containers
US3260421A (en) Dispensing device for aerosol pressure containers
US5052585A (en) Dispenser
US6302101B1 (en) System and method for application of medicament into the nasal passage
US6596260B1 (en) Aerosol container and a method for storage and administration of a predetermined amount of a pharmaceutically active aerosol
US4562965A (en) Compressed fluid spraying pistol
US4006841A (en) Perfume dispenser
US4182496A (en) Actuator button for fluid dispenser
US4972969A (en) Assembly for storing mixing and dispensing preparations such as dental materials
US4515267A (en) Dental mixing and extrusion capsule
US4174811A (en) Fluid substance sprayer having propellant gas and substance refill
US4300546A (en) Hand-held atomizer especially for dispensing inhalation-administered medicaments
US4903865A (en) Push button cap containing an additive for containers
US6367473B1 (en) Medium dispenser
US6929154B2 (en) Secure dispensing apparatus
US3912132A (en) Dispenser valve assembly for a pressurized aerosol dispenser
US3946911A (en) Cap for operating dispensing valve which may be actuated from a plurality of directions
US6708846B1 (en) Dispenser for flowable media
US4487334A (en) Thrust control means mountable in a pressurized container