New! View global litigation for patent families

US3587560A - Biopsy instrument and method of obtaining biopsy - Google Patents

Biopsy instrument and method of obtaining biopsy Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3587560A
US3587560A US3587560DA US3587560A US 3587560 A US3587560 A US 3587560A US 3587560D A US3587560D A US 3587560DA US 3587560 A US3587560 A US 3587560A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
needle
bone
sleeve
marrow
biopsy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Jacob A Glassman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JACOB A GLASSMAN
Original Assignee
Jacob A Glassman
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • A61B10/02Instruments for taking cell samples or for biopsy
    • A61B10/0233Pointed or sharp biopsy instruments
    • A61B10/025Pointed or sharp biopsy instruments for taking bone, bone marrow or cartilage samples
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • A61B10/02Instruments for taking cell samples or for biopsy
    • A61B10/0233Pointed or sharp biopsy instruments
    • A61B10/025Pointed or sharp biopsy instruments for taking bone, bone marrow or cartilage samples
    • A61B2010/0258Marrow samples
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T408/00Cutting by use of rotating axially moving tool
    • Y10T408/89Tool or Tool with support
    • Y10T408/895Having axial, core-receiving central portion

Abstract

A BIOPSY INSTRUMENT COMPRISED OF AN INNER TUBULAR BONE PIERCING NEEDLE FOR OBTAINING A BONE MARROW SPECIMEN, AND AN OUTER TUBULAR BONE PENETRATING NEEDLE, THE LATTER HAVING SAW TEETH ON ITS EFFECTIVE END FOR SEVERING A SPECIMEN OF BONE, AND THE METHOD OF OBTAINING MARROW AND BONE SPECIMENS FOR BIOPSY STUDY.

Description

United States Patent [72] Inventor JacobA.Glasman 1680 Meridian Ave., Miami Beach, Fla.

n m m wa mh 1 w nu u rrkfl a UU r. CHTTAT 627008 934566 899999 111111 l/ll/l 078 7 645126 923 99 .5 976690 6629 9 58 34 33 2223 9- 9 l 8 9m7 2 3 7 ls-In a-lpu SSA-J o. d N m n d p e mm AFP 1.1.1 25 224 1.12.1

Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant Examiner-Kyle L. Howell Attorney-Elmer L. Zwickel W 1 m 0 G4 We 1% MC om [54] BIOPSY INSTRUMENT AND METHOD OF [52] U.S. 128/2, ABSTRACT: A biopsy instrument comprised ofan inner tubu- 77/69, 128/310 lar bone piercing needle for obtaining a bone marrow [51] Int. A6lb 10/00 specimen, and an outer tubular bone penetrating needle, the [$0] 128/2,2 latter having saw teeth on its effective end for severing a (B), 310, 317, 305, 303.19, 303.15, 329; 77/69; specimen of bone; and the method of obtaining marrow and 30I( inquired); 83/(lnquired) bone specimens for biopsy study.

PATENTED JUH28 I971 1 Imfen. or.

Jami 14. Glass/Mn BIOPSY INSTRUMENT AND METHOD OF OBTAINING BIOPSY The invention relates to improvements in biopsy instruments and their method of use and is more particularly concerned with the arrangement of telescopically related tubular needles designed to obtain hard tissue biopsy specimens such as bone and its marrow. Heretofore, such biopsy specimens were obtained by initially forcing a heavy tubular needle through the bone and into the marrow. A second thinner needle was inserted into the lumen of the heavy tubular needle to cut or saw its way through the bone. This resulted in distortion or total destruction of the bony histological architecture.

In the present herein disclosed structure and method a relatively smaller bore tubular needle is pushed through the bone cortex into the marrow space or cancellous bone and the marrow aspirated into the interior of the needle. Following this, a sleeve is telescoped over the needle, while the latter remains in place, and is carried into abutment with the surface of the bone. A second or larger tubular needle then is telescoped over the sleeve. This second needle has sharp saw teeth on its effective end and upon rotation of the second needle, a circle of the bone cortex is sawed out. This cut circle of bone occupies the space'below the sleeve. The inner or first needle and the sleeve are then removed and the circle of bone is aspirated intact into the interior of the larger or outer needle which then is withdrawn. The marrow and bone circle are subsequently ejected from their respective needles by the force of the syringe.

It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a novel method of accomplishing bone and marrow biopsy.

Another object is to provide a novel needle structure to accomplish hard tissue bone and marrow biopsies.

Another object is to provide a novel inner needle for obtaining marrow biopsy.

Another object is to provide a novel outer needle for obtaining hard tissue and bony biopsies.

Another object is to provide a needle type of instrument useful for obtaining bone and marrow biopsies which is not expensive or difficult to manufacture, is simple to use, and very efficient in obtaining good biopsies with minimal injury to the histological architecture. I

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent with reference to the following description and accompanying drawings.

In the drawings: I

FIG. I is an enlarged longitudinal sectional view of the inner needle and contained stylet showing it thrust through the bone cortex and into the marrow.

FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1, showing the head portion and stylet removed and a sleeve telescoped over the needle.

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the inner needle and sleeve, showing the outer needle after its passage through the bone cortex.

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of the outer needle after the inner needle and sleeve have been withdrawn.

Referring to the exemplary disclosure of the biopsy instrument as shown in the accompanying drawings, the skin over the bone area to be penetrated is anesthetized and the skin and flesh incised to admit access of the needle to the bone II. The inner needle I2, which is tubular, has its sharp effective end cut on a bias, as at 13. A head or hand portion 14 is screw threaded thereon and a stylet 15 is inserted into the needle. This stylet has a stem [6 that fills and extends the entire length of the needle I2 and it is prevented from rotation by a dowel I7.

This assemblage is inserted into the opening with its bias it is subsequently removed as described hereinafter.

The head 141s now removed and a snug fitting sleeve 19 is telescoped over the needle 12 until its lower end rests against the bone as shown in FIG. 2; A second hollow needle or circular saw member 21 is then telescoped over the sleeve. This saw member comprises a tubular body 22 having saw teeth 23 on its lower end and a substantially circular head 24 attached to its upper end. When the saw toothed end 23 contacts the bone cortex it is rotated about the sleeve 19 so as to cut through the bone cortex and thereby generate a circle of bone 25 having a width responding to the thickness of sleeve 19. This bone circle is trapped beneath sleeve 19 and outside the inner needle 12.

The inner needle 12 and sleeve 19 are then withdrawn and the large needle or saw member 21 is aspirated (FIG. 4) with a 50 cc. syringe 26 so as to draw the bone ring 25 up into the interior of needle 21. The needle 21 is now withdrawn from the bone and both the marrow specimen and the bone ring are ejected intact from the respective needles by any suitable means, such as by use of stylets.

It will thus be apparent that applicant has provided a novel instrument for withdrawing marrow and integral bone biopsies, and a novel method for accomplishing this result.

I claim:

1. The steps of the method of obtaining bone and marrow biopsies which consists of penetrating the cortex of bone with a hollow needle, aspirating a mass of marrow into the interior of said needle, placing a sleeve telescopically over said hollow needle severing a ring of bone from the bone cortex with a hollow outer needle, aspirating said ring of bone into the interior of the last named needle, withdrawing the needles from the bone, and ejecting the marrow and ring of bone from the respective needles.

2. The steps recited in claim I, with the additional step of sawing the ring of bone from the bone cortex to obtain its severance.

3. The steps recited in claim I, with the additional step of incising the flesh surrounding the bone to obtain access to the bone.

4. The steps recited in claim I, with the additional step of withdrawing the inner needle prior to aspirating the bone biopsy from the outer needle.

5. The steps recited in claim I, with the additional step of withdrawing the inner needle and sleeve prior to withdrawal of the outer needle.

6. A biopsy instrument comprising, in combination, an inner tubular needle having a cutting edge, a sleeve slidably telescoped over said needle, an outer needle slidably telescoped over said sleeve, and a saw tooth edge on said outer needle.

7. The instrument recited in claim 6, in which the cutting edge of the inner needle is inclined.

8. The instrument recited in claim 6, in which a stylet is present in the inner needle.

9. The instrument recited in claim 6, in which the sleeve fits snuggly over the inner needle and the outer needle fits snuggly but rotatably over the sleeve.

10. The instrument recited in claim 6, in which the sleeve terminates short of the cutting end of the inner needle.

US3587560A 1969-04-07 1969-04-07 Biopsy instrument and method of obtaining biopsy Expired - Lifetime US3587560A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US81387469 true 1969-04-07 1969-04-07

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3587560A true US3587560A (en) 1971-06-28

Family

ID=25213635

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3587560A Expired - Lifetime US3587560A (en) 1969-04-07 1969-04-07 Biopsy instrument and method of obtaining biopsy

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3587560A (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3719186A (en) * 1971-04-22 1973-03-06 Univ Alabama In Birmingham Surgical instrument for placement of bone pins and holes therefor
US3850158A (en) * 1973-07-09 1974-11-26 E Elias Bone biopsy instrument and method
US4142517A (en) * 1976-07-23 1979-03-06 Contreras Guerrero De Stavropo Apparatus for extracting bone marrow specimens
US4306570A (en) * 1980-08-20 1981-12-22 Matthews Larry S Counter rotating biopsy needle
US4383527A (en) * 1981-02-20 1983-05-17 Howmedica, Inc. Device for guiding the insertion of surgical wires into bone tissue
US4416278A (en) * 1979-07-26 1983-11-22 Miller Joseph E Bone plug cutter
US4450835A (en) * 1981-02-20 1984-05-29 Howmedica, Inc. Method and system for inserting a surgical wire
US4600014A (en) * 1984-02-10 1986-07-15 Dan Beraha Transrectal prostate biopsy device and method
US4702260A (en) * 1985-04-16 1987-10-27 Ko Pen Wang Flexible bronchoscopic needle assembly
US4986701A (en) * 1988-11-19 1991-01-22 Asea Brown Boveri Ltd. Process for manufacturing a cylindrical body and a device for carrying out the process
US5111828A (en) * 1990-09-18 1992-05-12 Peb Biopsy Corporation Device for percutaneous excisional breast biopsy
US5172701A (en) * 1990-02-28 1992-12-22 Medical Device Technologies, Inc. Single use automated soft tissue aspiration biopsy device
US5197484A (en) * 1990-09-18 1993-03-30 Peb Biopsy Corporation Method and device for precutaneous excisional breast biopsy
US5331972A (en) * 1992-12-03 1994-07-26 Baxter International Inc. Bone marrow biopsy, aspiration and transplant needles
US5353804A (en) * 1990-09-18 1994-10-11 Peb Biopsy Corporation Method and device for percutaneous exisional breast biopsy
US5913859A (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-06-22 Shapira; Ira L. Apparatus for extracting bone marrow
US6846314B2 (en) 1997-07-01 2005-01-25 Ira L. Shapira Method and apparatus for extracting bone marrow
US9820722B1 (en) 2008-12-16 2017-11-21 Zanetta Malanowska-Stega Simultaneous multiple method out-patient uterus biopsy device and method

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3719186A (en) * 1971-04-22 1973-03-06 Univ Alabama In Birmingham Surgical instrument for placement of bone pins and holes therefor
US3850158A (en) * 1973-07-09 1974-11-26 E Elias Bone biopsy instrument and method
US4142517A (en) * 1976-07-23 1979-03-06 Contreras Guerrero De Stavropo Apparatus for extracting bone marrow specimens
US4416278A (en) * 1979-07-26 1983-11-22 Miller Joseph E Bone plug cutter
US4306570A (en) * 1980-08-20 1981-12-22 Matthews Larry S Counter rotating biopsy needle
US4383527A (en) * 1981-02-20 1983-05-17 Howmedica, Inc. Device for guiding the insertion of surgical wires into bone tissue
US4450835A (en) * 1981-02-20 1984-05-29 Howmedica, Inc. Method and system for inserting a surgical wire
US4600014A (en) * 1984-02-10 1986-07-15 Dan Beraha Transrectal prostate biopsy device and method
US4702260A (en) * 1985-04-16 1987-10-27 Ko Pen Wang Flexible bronchoscopic needle assembly
US4986701A (en) * 1988-11-19 1991-01-22 Asea Brown Boveri Ltd. Process for manufacturing a cylindrical body and a device for carrying out the process
US5713368A (en) * 1990-02-28 1998-02-03 Medical Device Technologies, Inc. Single use automated soft tissue aspiration biopsy device
US5172701A (en) * 1990-02-28 1992-12-22 Medical Device Technologies, Inc. Single use automated soft tissue aspiration biopsy device
US5197484A (en) * 1990-09-18 1993-03-30 Peb Biopsy Corporation Method and device for precutaneous excisional breast biopsy
US5353804A (en) * 1990-09-18 1994-10-11 Peb Biopsy Corporation Method and device for percutaneous exisional breast biopsy
US5111828A (en) * 1990-09-18 1992-05-12 Peb Biopsy Corporation Device for percutaneous excisional breast biopsy
US5331972A (en) * 1992-12-03 1994-07-26 Baxter International Inc. Bone marrow biopsy, aspiration and transplant needles
US5913859A (en) * 1997-07-01 1999-06-22 Shapira; Ira L. Apparatus for extracting bone marrow
US6110176A (en) * 1997-07-01 2000-08-29 Shapira; Ira L. Methods for extracting bone marrow
US6846314B2 (en) 1997-07-01 2005-01-25 Ira L. Shapira Method and apparatus for extracting bone marrow
US9820722B1 (en) 2008-12-16 2017-11-21 Zanetta Malanowska-Stega Simultaneous multiple method out-patient uterus biopsy device and method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3561429A (en) Instrument for obtaining a biopsy specimen
US3630192A (en) Instrument for internal organ biopsy
US3530492A (en) Method and apparatus for administering hypodermic injections
US5487392A (en) Biopxy system with hemostatic insert
US7513877B2 (en) Tissue sampling and removal apparatus and method
US5944716A (en) Radio frequency transmyocardial revascularization corer
US7390306B2 (en) Vacuum assisted biopsy needle set
US1867624A (en) Device for obtaining biopsy specimens
US4099529A (en) Wide-angle cutter vitrophage
US5372588A (en) Trocar having blunt tip
US6589252B2 (en) Breast surgery method and apparatus
US6027514A (en) Apparatus and method for removing occluding material from body lumens
US5928161A (en) Microbiopsy/precision cutting devices
US4781202A (en) Biopsy cannula
US6059807A (en) Device for implanting small-diameter capillary grafts
US5295980A (en) Multi-use cannula system
US4850373A (en) Biopsy device
US7819819B2 (en) Biopsy device with inner cutting member
US5368603A (en) Endarterectomy catheter, and method of use thereof
US3881464A (en) Sampling device and method
US5797906A (en) Retrograde tissue splitter and method
US5366463A (en) Atherectomy catheter for the removal of atherosclerosis from within blood vessels
US3357422A (en) Surgical instrument for conization of uterine cervix
US6623437B2 (en) Tissue biopsy apparatus
US4205682A (en) Contact lens corneal cutter