US357535A - And david p - Google Patents

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US357535A
US357535A US357535DA US357535A US 357535 A US357535 A US 357535A US 357535D A US357535D A US 357535DA US 357535 A US357535 A US 357535A
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deck
car
stock
provided
chains
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/16Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads
    • B61D3/163Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads for carrying animals

Description

(No Modql.) I I ,3 Sheets-Sheet 1. G.. R. OTT & D. P. GORDRAY.

STOCK GAR. 3

No. 357,535. Patented Feb. 8, 1887,

FIG-l.

WITNESSES: f m QQGIVVENTORS" 7 (No Model.) I Sheets-Sheet 2. .G. R. OTT & D. P. OORDRAY. STOCK GAR.

No. 357,535. Patented Feb. 8, 1887.

. A Q5 s L) x L i W/T/VESSES 2 5 W I I ATTOHIVEYJ' N. PETERS, Photo-Lithograph. Wanhlrgtun. n. c

3 Sheets-Sheet 3. G. RfOTT & P. UORDRAY.

STOGKOAR.

Patented Feb. 8, 1887.

(No Model.) 7

111..4. x all I, l,

' IVTORS mm 7 Byfi L 27g; ATTORNEYS N. PETERS. Fhoic-Lilhogrzpller. wumnmn. n. cv

W/UVESSES 'l rrnn STATES Fries. Y

PATENT GEORGE R. OTT, OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, AND DAVID P. OORDRAY, OF

\VEST POINT, NEW YORK.

STOCK=CAR.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 357,535, dated February 8, 1887.

Application filed October 25, 1886. Serial No. 217,157. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, GEORGE It. Orr, of Baltimore, in the State of Maryland, and DAVID P. CORDRAY, of West Point, in the county of Orange and State of New York-citizens of the United States, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Stock-Oars; and we do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same. a

Our invention relates to that class of stock- 'cars which are provided with a movable deck I 5 to form either a two or one compartment car. Cars of this description have been provided with various means for raising and lowering the decks, and no claim .is made to the broad idea of such a construction.

The object of our invention is to construct a car of that characterin such n1anner that all the elements necessary to successful operation, safety, and strength will be. provided for, and at the same time be made and put to- '25 gether without much additionalexpense over 'the cost of the ordinary carf To that end the nature of the invention consists of constructions and, combinations, all as will hereinafter be set forth in the specification, and pointed out in the claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 represents a side elevation of a stock-car; Fig. 2, a longitudinal section show- 3 5 ing the movable deck lowered to the position when small stock is to be transported; Fig. 3, an end elevation showing the position of the hoisting mechanism; Fig. 4, a transverse section showing the movable deck in its lower 40 position; Fig. 5, a similar section showing the movable deck raised to its upper position; Fig. 6, a detail on an enlarged scale to show part of the door-jambs and the bar across the doorway; Fig. 7, an end view of one side of the door-jamb to show the receiving-socket for the bar, which is shown in cross-section; Fig. 8, a detail showing the hoisting mechanism in enlarged side elevation; Fig. 9., adetail showing the hoisting mechanism in end elevation, the hand-wheel being partly broken away to show the parts more clearly; Fig. 10,

an enlarged side elevation, looking from the inside of the car, to show the hoistingchain, the guide, and automatic catch; Fig. 11, a section taken through one of the slots to show the relative positions of the parts shown in Fig. 10, and Fig. 12 a detail showing one of the guides in cross-section.

A represents the car-body, and B the mov-- able deck. way, and has in its sides at intervals vertical slots A, which extend from the longitudinal ton beams, A, to the middle beam, A. This beam A is formed by attaching a board of extra thickness to the side of the car, and pref 6 5 erably against one of the side slats, togive greater strength. Metal guides A*, having an outer flange, a, are placed in the slots to prevent wearupon the wooden walls of the slots by the ends ofthe joists B of the movable 7o deck B. These joists project into. the slots, and are provided at their ends with wroughtiron plates Bflbolted on the sides thereof. Upon the outer ends of these plates are formed lips b which project laterally over the flanges a of the guides A, Fig. 12, and prevent the movable deck from swinging or having a lateral motion.

The deck B is formed of any suitable materiai, but is preferably made of boards resting upon the j oists B. The boards are tongued and grooved together to prevent liquid or other material passing between them and dropping on the animals below. If desired, the edges of the deck may be provided with suitable devices to prevent the liquid matters from running over the edges and marring the appearance of the stock below. Each end of the joists B is provided with an oyebolt, b, for a hoisting-chain, O, to be attached to. These 0 chains extend up the side of the car to and pass over the sheaves O,-secured to the top beam, A From the sheaves the chains are passed to and secured to spools D by means of pins or bolts (1. Two chains are attached 5 to each of these spools D, which, to prevent The body is formed inthe usual 60 the chains from interfering with each other when wound thereon, are provided with helical grooves (Z and d, running in opposite directions from the starting point or space (1*. The spools are keyed or otherwise attached to a longitudinal shaft, D'-', journaled at suitable points in bearings (7, attached to the rafters of the car. This shaft projects at one end outside of the car, and has upon this projecting end a worm-wheel, D, meshing with a wormshaft, 1), having bearings (1, attached to the protecting-box D.

The inner end of the wormshaft D is provided with a miter-wheel, d, which meshes with a miter-wheel, d, on the shaft 17?, that is journaled in the protecting-box D attached to the end of the car, and covers the gearing just described to prevent snow and dirt from interfering with the mo'vemcnt of said parts. Upon the outer end of shaft d is fixed a handwh'eel, I), by means of which motion is imparted to the gearing to raise or lower the deck by winding or unwinding the chains upon the spools. lVhen the deck is lowered to the position shown in Fig. 4, the chains are relieved of the weight of said deck, as thejoists B rest upon the bottom of the guide-plates A. To relieve the chains of the weight of the deck, when the latter is raised to form a single-compartment car, stops (0 are provided. These stops (0 are pivoted in an extension, (1 (see Fig. 10, dotted lines,) of the guides A, and project across the slot A to the opposite wall of the metal guides A in an upward and inclined position, so that as the deck is raised the joists B will force them to one side, and after the joists pass they will automatically fall in the position shown in Fig. 10, to be ready to receive the joists when the deck is lowered to relieve the chains of the strain. These stops also prevent the deck from being accidentally lowered or falling when the car is used to conveylarge animals or other freight.

The door-jambs A and A are respectively provided with recesses a? and a for the removable bar E. The recess a is provided with a plate, a having a curved back, a to allow the bar to be readily removed when not held in place by a pin, a, which passes through holes in the plate a In one end of the car is formed a door, F, through which lumber, rails, and other long merchandise can be inserted when their length is such that the side doors cannot be used.

If desired, the shaft D may be madesquare, as also the cored holes in the worm-wheel, gearing, and spools, so that the entire lifting arrangement can be put up as it comes from the foundry, with the exception of a few pinholes, which are necessary.

The operation of the device is as follows: If it be desired to use the car for carrying sheep or other small stock, the deck is lowered to the position shown in. Fig. l by raising the joists 13 from the automatic stops at, which are then 6 5 thrown back to permit the deck to sink to the desired position by gravity, a man being at the hand-wheel D to prevent it from falling too rapidly and injuring the parts. To raise the deck to the position shown in Fig. 5, the stops (0 are placed in the position shown in Fig. 10, and the operator at the hand-wheel turns and communicates motion by it, and by means of the miter-wheels, worm-shaft, and worm-wheel, to the longitudinal shaft and the spools which wind the chains thereon and raise the deck to the highest point. As the ends of joists B pass upwardly they lift the steps a", which automatically return to their normal position after the joists have passed, and the operator lowers the deck until the joists rest upon the upper ends of the stops.

\Vhat we claim as new is- 1. In a stock-car, the combination of the body having vertical slots, a movable deck having transverse joistsextending through said slots and provided with laterally-projecting lips on the outer ends to prevent lateral motion of the deck, and means, substantially as described, for raising and lowering the deck, as set forth.

2. In a stock-car, the combination of a body having vertical slots provided with flanged metal guides, the movable deck having transverse joists extending through said slots and provided with laterally-projecting lips, and means, substantially as described, for raising and lowering the deck, as set forth.

3. In a stock-car, the combination of a body having vertical slots provided with automatic stops, a movable deck having transverse joists projecting through said slots, and means, substantially as described, for raising and lowering said deck.

4. In a stock-car, the combination of the body, a movable deck having chains attached thereto, and a shaft having spools to which the chains are attached and provided with diverging helical grooves, substantially as described.

5. In a stock-car, the combination of the body having sheaves attached to the sides, a movable deck having chains which pass over said sheaves, and a shaft having pulleys to which the chains are attached and provided with diverging helical grooves, substantially as described.

6. In a stock-car, the combination of a body, a movable deck having chains by which it is raised and lowered, a shaft having pulleys for said chains and a worm-wheel at the end, a worm-shaft having a miter-wheel, and a countor-shaft having a miter-wheel meshing with the worm-shafts miter-wheel, and having a handwheel for imparting motion to said gearing, substantially as described.

7. In a stock-car, the combination of a body having a side-door bar provided with notches,

and a movable deck having transverse joists In testimony whereof we affix our signatures which rest in said notches when the deck is in presence of two witnesses. lowered, substantially as described. GEORGE R. OTT.

8. In a stock-car, the combination of a body DAVID P. GORDRAY. 5 having vertical slots, metal guide-plates in Witnesses for Ott: 7

said slots and having an automatic'stop at- MURRAY HANSON,

taehed thereto, a movable deck having trans- F. J. COLE.

verse joists projecting through said slots, and Witnesses for Gordray: I means, substantially as described, for raising DAVID PRICE, 10 and lowering saiddeck, as set forth. 1 F. S. HARLOW.

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2696402A (en) * 1951-03-24 1954-12-07 Thomas E Mcdaniel Decking for cattle trucks and trailers
US20030130677A1 (en) * 2002-01-08 2003-07-10 Whitman Michael P. Surgical device
US20050187576A1 (en) * 2004-02-23 2005-08-25 Whitman Michael P. Surgical cutting and stapling device
US20110108606A1 (en) * 1999-07-12 2011-05-12 Whitman Michael P Expanding parallel jaw device for use with an electromechanical driver device
US20110132961A1 (en) * 2007-09-21 2011-06-09 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical device having a rotatable jaw portion

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2696402A (en) * 1951-03-24 1954-12-07 Thomas E Mcdaniel Decking for cattle trucks and trailers
US20110108606A1 (en) * 1999-07-12 2011-05-12 Whitman Michael P Expanding parallel jaw device for use with an electromechanical driver device
US20030130677A1 (en) * 2002-01-08 2003-07-10 Whitman Michael P. Surgical device
US20050187576A1 (en) * 2004-02-23 2005-08-25 Whitman Michael P. Surgical cutting and stapling device
US20110132961A1 (en) * 2007-09-21 2011-06-09 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Surgical device having a rotatable jaw portion

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